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Romania External Debt: % of GDP

1995 - 2017 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Romania's External Debt accounted for 51.8 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2017, compared with the ratio of 54.4 % in the previous year. Romania's External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated yearly, available from Dec 1995 to Dec 2017. The data reached an all-time high of 75.5 % in Dec 2012 and a record low of 18.1 % in Dec 1995. CEIC calculates External Debt as % of Nominal GDP from monthly External Debt and annual Nominal GDP. External Debt is calculated as the sum of Long Term and Short Term External Debt. The National Bank of Romania provides External Debt in EUR based on BPM6. The National Institute of Statistics provides Nominal GDP in local currency. The National Bank of Romania average market exchange rate is used for currency conversions. External Debt prior to 2008 is based on BPM5. External Debt as % of Nominal GDP prior to 2001 is calculated from External Debt sourced from the World Bank and Nominal GDP sourced from the International Monetary Fund.

In the latest reports of Romania, Current Account recorded a deficit of 1.2 USD bn in Aug 2018. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 726.3 USD mn in Aug 2018. Romania's Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 123.6 USD mn in Aug 2018. Its Foreign Portfolio Investment fell by 502.2 USD mn in Jun 2018. The country's External Debt reached 113,171.8 in Aug 2018. The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 59.6 USD bn in Jun 2018.

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What was Romania's External Debt: % of GDP in 2017?

Last

49.7

2017
Previous

54.4

2016
Min

18.1

1995
Max

75.5

2012
Unit

%

Frequency

yearly

Range

1995 - 2017

Updated on 06 Jul 2018
Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

49.7

2017

54.4

2016

18.1

1995

75.5

2012

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 06 Jul 2018

View Romania's External Debt: % of GDP from 1995 to 2017 in the chart:

Romania External Debt: % of GDP

Series Details
Series ID

358737447

Name

Romania External Debt: % of GDP

Country

Romania

Frequency

Yearly

Unit

%

Status

Active

Source

CEIC Data

First Date

1995

Last Date

2017

Last Updated

06 Jul 2018

Statistics
Mean

45.3

Variance

340.3

Standard deviation

18.4

Skewness

0.3

Kurtosis

-1.2

Coefficient variation

0.4

Median

41.8

Max
2012

75.5

Min
1995

18.1

Previous observation
2016

54.4

Last observation
2017

49.7

Number of Observations

23

Get This Data

More Countries/Regions for External Debt: % of GDP

Country/Region Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Albania

68.5

2017

73.4

2016

14.8

1996

89.2

1992

%

yearly

1991 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Algeria

2.3

2017

2.4

2016

1.6

2013

75.1

1995

%

yearly

1970 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-15
Argentina

37.0

2017

32.8

2016

25.5

2013

104.0

2004

%

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-26
Armenia

91.2

2017

94.4

2016

29.6

2008

94.4

2016

%

yearly

2002 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Australia

117.2

2017

125.4

2016

43.3

1988

128.5

2015

%

yearly

1988 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-06
Austria

151.3

2017

165.1

2016

80.9

1997

205.6

2008

%

yearly

1997 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Azerbaijan

22.0

Mar 2018

22.8

Dec 2017

5.1

Sep 2008

24.3

Sep 2017

%

quarterly

Dec 2001 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-09-04
Belarus

71.2

Mar 2018

73.4

Dec 2017

16.0

Dec 2000

78.0

Dec 2016

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-15
Belgium

256.7

2017

274.1

2016

244.9

2013

323.3

2008

%

yearly

2007 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-27
Bolivia

21.4

2016

20.0

2015

14.6

2008

77.6

1990

%

yearly

1990 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-27
Bosnia and Herzegovina

26.0

2017

29.7

2016

16.6

2008

43.5

1999

%

yearly

1999 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-24
Botswana

8.8

2018

9.5

2017

3.1

2009

13.9

2013

%

yearly

1995 - 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Brazil

26.5

2017

30.5

2016

15.5

2008

44.8

2002

%

yearly

1992 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-10
Bulgaria

66.2

2017

71.1

2016

57.2

2003

101.3

2009

%

yearly

1999 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-26
Cambodia

43.3

2016

43.8

2015

25.6

2010

43.8

2015

%

yearly

2010 - 2016

Updated on 2018-06-04
Canada

115.2

2017

115.9

2016

57.4

2007

115.9

2016

%

yearly

2002 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-13
Chile

65.4

2017

66.7

2016

24.0

1973

118.7

1985

%

yearly

1971 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
China

14.0

2017

12.6

2016

5.1

1985

17.0

2014

%

yearly

1985 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-29
Colombia

39.6

2017

42.5

2016

15.3

1980

42.5

2016

%

yearly

1970 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-07
Croatia

87.0

2017

85.1

2016

42.2

1998

108.4

2013

%

yearly

1998 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-08
Cyprus

557.2

2017

588.9

2016

180.7

2004

686.7

2009

%

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-06
Czech Republic

86.7

2017

73.4

2016

28.8

1995

86.7

2017

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Denmark

157.6

2017

160.4

2016

142.9

2005

185.4

2010

%

yearly

2005 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-25
Ecuador

38.6

2017

34.5

2016

18.1

2012

115.8

1989

%

yearly

1970 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Egypt

36.1

Dec 2017

36.1

Sep 2017

12.0

Sep 2012

41.5

Jun 2003

%

quarterly

Jun 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Estonia

84.8

2017

90.4

2016

32.9

1996

122.1

2009

%

yearly

1996 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-07
European Union

121.4

2017

127.5

2016

111.8

2009

128.1

2015

%

yearly

2008 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-20
Finland

184.7

2017

198.5

2016

64.6

1991

227.5

2012

%

yearly

1991 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-12
France

210.8

2017

213.5

2016

121.9

2004

213.5

2016

%

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-04
Georgia

113.9

2017

110.3

2016

36.5

2006

113.9

2017

%

yearly

1999 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Germany

140.5

2017

148.0

2016

93.5

1999

165.1

2012

%

yearly

1999 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-27
Greece

227.8

2017

247.8

2016

91.1

2003

250.4

2015

%

yearly

2003 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Hong Kong SAR

459.2

2017

422.4

2016

218.2

2002

459.2

2017

%

yearly

2001 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-11
Hungary

105.8

2017

121.6

2016

104.7

2006

180.7

2011

%

yearly

2006 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-21
Iceland

88.9

2017

117.2

2016

54.4

1990

958.0

2008

%

yearly

1989 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-04
India

20.5

2018

20.0

2017

10.7

1980

37.5

1992

%

yearly

1970 - 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Indonesia

34.8

2017

34.3

2016

25.3

2011

58.3

2003

%

yearly

2003 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-15
Iran

2.4

2018

2.0

2017

1.2

2015

36.2

1994

%

yearly

1994 - 2018

Updated on 2018-07-30
Ireland

688.3

2017

772.8

2016

399.2

2002

1,091.5

2010

%

yearly

2002 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-21
Israel

25.4

2017

27.6

2016

25.4

2017

58.5

2002

%

yearly

1998 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Italy

124.2

2017

123.2

2016

79.2

2002

125.2

2015

%

yearly

2002 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-11
Ivory Coast

24.5

2017

23.1

2016

22.9

2015

97.6

1994

%

yearly

1994 - 2017

Updated on 2018-08-06
Japan

74.4

2017

74.2

2016

28.1

2003

74.4

2017

%

yearly

2003 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-08
Jordan

71.9

2017

69.5

2016

18.6

1970

223.3

1991

%

yearly

1970 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-09
Kazakhstan

102.2

Mar 2018

105.4

Dec 2017

63.5

Dec 2013

121.5

Sep 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2002 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-10
Kenya

30.3

2017

26.4

2016

18.4

2011

30.3

2017

%

yearly

2006 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-26
South Korea

27.3

2017

27.1

2016

17.8

1994

40.6

1998

%

yearly

1994 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-30
Kosovo

32.6

2017

33.2

2016

15.0

2007

33.3

2015

%

yearly

2007 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-20
Kyrgyzstan

107.3

2017

116.3

2016

81.8

2008

120.8

2003

%

yearly

2003 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-12
Laos

50.0

2017

48.5

2016

36.5

2011

101.0

1998

%

yearly

1996 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-17
Latvia

129.8

Mar 2018

140.9

Dec 2017

54.7

Mar 2000

168.1

Dec 2010

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-04
Lebanon

54.0

2016

53.6

2015

51.5

2011

90.9

2006

%

yearly

2004 - 2016

Updated on 2018-05-30
Lithuania

83.2

2017

85.5

2016

28.3

1996

86.7

2009

%

yearly

1996 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-01
Luxembourg

6,306.7

2017

7,086.9

2016

2,702.0

2002

7,086.9

2016

%

yearly

2002 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Macedonia

73.6

2017

74.2

2016

45.4

2004

74.2

2016

%

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-10
Malawi

39.4

2014

33.6

2013

15.0

2006

39.4

2014

%

yearly

2006 - 2014

Updated on 2017-02-03
Malaysia

65.0

2017

74.3

2016

52.9

2010

74.3

2016

%

yearly

2009 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-17
Malta

808.2

2017

850.7

2016

495.3

2004

1,150.6

2012

%

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-12
Mauritius

1,431.4

2017

1,427.9

2016

1,124.7

2014

2,059.1

2011

%

yearly

2009 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Mexico

38.0

2017

38.5

2016

17.7

2006

38.5

2016

%

yearly

2002 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-02
Moldova

85.8

2017

92.4

2016

67.4

2008

133.8

2000

%

yearly

2000 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-12
Mongolia

246.9

2017

220.7

2016

26.9

1992

246.9

2017

%

yearly

1992 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-25
Montenegro

61.9

2016

65.6

2015

32.6

2006

69.3

2012

%

yearly

2006 - 2016

Updated on 2018-05-13
Morocco

45.9

2017

47.2

2016

19.7

1974

124.8

1985

%

yearly

1970 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-17
Nepal

17.3

2016

16.1

2015

16.1

2015

47.9

2002

%

yearly

2001 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-25
Netherlands

519.6

2017

545.5

2016

361.2

2003

550.7

2015

%

yearly

2003 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-20
New Zealand

95.9

2017

98.8

2016

76.9

1994

123.4

2008

%

yearly

1993 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-20
Nigeria

5.1

2017

2.8

2016

1.1

2008

57.2

1991

%

yearly

1985 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-21
Norway

162.0

2017

169.6

2016

95.8

2004

171.8

2008

%

yearly

2003 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-20
Pakistan

27.4

2017

26.5

2016

24.1

2015

41.8

2002

%

yearly

2000 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-15
Panama

29.7

2017

29.2

2016

27.0

2012

65.2

1995

%

yearly

1993 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-25
Paraguay

40.4

2017

43.1

2016

40.3

2014

215.2

2002

%

yearly

2000 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-24
Peru

35.7

2017

38.2

2016

28.1

2011

99.1

1985

%

yearly

1980 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-25
Philippines

23.3

2017

24.5

2016

23.3

2017

76.4

2001

%

yearly

1990 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-07
Poland

66.7

2017

75.9

2016

32.4

1996

75.9

2016

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Portugal

211.1

2017

215.3

2016

63.4

1996

237.7

2012

%

yearly

1996 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Qatar

83.0

2010

85.7

2009

40.0

2005

85.7

2009

%

yearly

2000 - 2010

Updated on 2018-04-20
Romania

49.7

2017

54.4

2016

18.1

1995

75.5

2012

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-06
Russia

32.8

2017

39.8

2016

26.3

2011

90.9

1999

%

yearly

1993 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Serbia

69.9

2017

76.5

2016

48.3

2004

135.0

2000

%

yearly

2000 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-10
Singapore

432.2

2017

448.3

2016

420.8

2012

508.8

2003

%

yearly

2003 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-27
Slovakia

110.8

2017

90.9

2016

28.9

1995

110.8

2017

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-14
Slovenia

101.2

2017

110.9

2016

48.8

2002

125.5

2014

%

yearly

2001 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-03
South Africa

49.6

2017

48.2

2016

18.9

2005

49.6

2017

%

yearly

1985 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Spain

164.9

2017

166.7

2016

74.4

2000

168.6

2015

%

yearly

2000 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-25
Sri Lanka

59.5

2017

57.9

2016

38.8

2008

60.5

1994

%

yearly

1994 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-18
Sudan

38.3

2017

42.1

2016

38.3

2017

132.3

2001

%

yearly

2001 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-24
Sweden

178.4

2017

175.7

2016

91.8

1997

201.4

2009

%

yearly

1997 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-04
Switzerland

268.8

2017

262.5

2016

176.4

1999

296.0

2007

%

yearly

1999 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-31
Taiwan

31.8

2017

32.5

2016

10.5

2000

33.5

2014

%

yearly

1999 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-25
Tajikistan

32.7

2016

27.9

2015

22.7

2014

108.2

2000

%

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2017-04-03
Thailand

35.4

Mar 2018

35.3

Dec 2017

26.4

Jun 2009

37.4

Mar 2005

%

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Tunisia

55.8

2012

52.6

2011

49.4

2008

62.6

2003

%

yearly

2002 - 2012

Updated on 2018-09-24
Turkey

53.3

2017

47.4

2016

26.1

1990

55.8

2001

%

yearly

1989 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Ukraine

103.9

2017

121.7

2016

11.8

1993

130.4

2015

%

yearly

1993 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-24
United Kingdom

312.6

2017

309.2

2016

116.3

1987

401.3

2008

%

yearly

1987 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
United States

97.6

2017

96.4

2016

60.6

2003

99.8

2011

%

yearly

2003 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-27
Uruguay

65.3

2017

75.5

2016

38.2

2011

109.8

2003

%

yearly

1999 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Venezuela

22.7

2014

33.0

2013

17.2

2008

48.6

2003

%

yearly

1997 - 2014

Updated on 2018-04-30
Vietnam

26.3

2015

25.8

2014

22.0

2008

29.7

2004

%

yearly

2002 - 2015

Updated on 2018-04-24
Yemen

20.9

2013

22.6

2012

19.4

2008

34.2

2004

%

yearly

2004 - 2013

Updated on 2018-07-12

More Indicators for Romania

Indicator Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Aluminum: Exports

865,883.610

2017

761,339.505

2016

191,818.000

1996

865,883.610

2017

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Bank Lending Rate

5.390

May 2018

5.110

Apr 2018

3.510

Sep 2016

21.190

Jan 2009

% pa

monthly

Dec 2005 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Building Permits

4,753.000

Aug 2018

5,056.000

Jul 2018

1,355.000

Jan 2004

7,573.000

Dec 2006

Unit

monthly

Jan 2004 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-10
Business Confidence Growth

0.7

Jun 2018

0.3

May 2018

-38.6

Jun 1997

33.7

Jun 1995

% Point

monthly

Jul 1992 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-06-28
Business Confidence: Net Balance

1.6

Sep 2018

0.8

Aug 2018

-22.2

Sep 1992

27.3

Jun 1996

% Point

monthly

Jul 1991 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-09-27
CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

3.859

Jun 2018

3.921

May 2018

-7.585

May 2016

369.337

Feb 1992

%

monthly

Oct 1991 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-11
Capital Adequacy Ratio

19.8

Mar 2018

20.0

Dec 2017

11.8

Sep 2008

20.0

Dec 2017

%

quarterly

Dec 2006 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-29
Coal Consumption

5.679

2017

5.330

2016

4.360

1965

17.523

1988

TOE mn

yearly

1965 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-14
Coal Production

4.733

2017

4.236

2016

4.236

2016

12.586

1988

TOE mn

yearly

1981 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-14
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

-2.9

2017

-3.0

2016

-9.2

2009

-0.8

2015

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-06
Consumer Confidence Growth

-4.9

Sep 2018

-7.0

Aug 2018

-36.9

Sep 2009

22.6

Jun 2011

% Point

monthly

May 2002 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-09-27
Consumer Confidence: Net Balance

-20.2

Oct 2018

-19.9

Sep 2018

-63.3

Jun 2010

-10.4

Mar 2017

% Point

monthly

May 2001 - Oct 2018

Updated on 2018-10-30
Consumer Price Index CPI Growth

5.4

Jun 2018

5.4

May 2018

-3.5

May 2016

317.0

Nov 1993

%

monthly

Oct 1991 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-11
Container Port Throughput

721,339.000

2016

699,000.000

2015

556,674.000

2010

1,380,935.000

2008

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Core CPI Change

2.802

Jun 2018

2.949

May 2018

-1.240

May 2016

592.248

Oct 1998

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-18
Crude Oil: Imports

159.100

2017

153.200

2016

88.300

1999

179.100

2006

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-12
Crude Oil: Production

72.200

2017

75.500

2016

72.200

2017

137.600

1995

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-12
Current Account Balance

-1,243.8

May 2018

-992.6

Apr 2018

-3,645.9

May 2008

899.1

Mar 2015

USD mn

monthly

May 2002 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-13
Current Account Balance: % of GDP

-3.0

Mar 2018

-2.5

Dec 2017

-16.9

Jun 2008

4.4

Mar 2015

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-13
Direct Investment Abroad

248.3

May 2018

256.4

Apr 2018

-986.4

May 2016

921.7

Feb 2016

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2005 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-13
Domestic Credit

86,729.1

May 2018

89,459.9

Apr 2018

14,859.9

Jan 2005

96,422.4

Jun 2011

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2004 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-06
Domestic Credit Growth

4.3

May 2018

4.9

Apr 2018

-5.3

Jul 2013

66.6

Feb 2008

%

monthly

Dec 2005 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-06
Electricity Production

5,356

Aug 2018

5,375

Jul 2018

3,704

May 2000

6,606

Aug 2015

GWh

monthly

Jan 2000 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-11
Employed Persons

8,477,000.000

Mar 2018

8,541,000.000

Dec 2017

8,237,000.000

Mar 2015

12,136,800.000

Sep 1995

Person

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-27
Equity Market Index

8,412.7

Sep 2018

8,274.5

Aug 2018

294.4

Sep 1998

10,262.8

Aug 2007

19Sep1997=1000

monthly

Sep 1997 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Exchange Rate against USD

3.991

Jun 2018

3.924

May 2018

0.001

Jan 1973

4.282

Dec 2016

RON/USD

monthly

Jan 1957 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Exports: ICT Goods

2,149,147.859

2016

2,221,038.590

2015

470,071.000

2001

4,903,222.530

2011

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-25
Exports: Medicament

811,383.413

2017

736,233.514

2016

6,280.000

1999

1,188,717.620

2013

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

32,309.899

2017

41,184.345

2016

7,723.080

2003

45,234.575

2013

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-11
Exports: Telecommunication Equipment

812,382.564

2017

1,275,027.181

2016

3,561.000

1997

3,130,339.129

2011

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Exports: Television

177,694.528

2017

224,047.373

2016

49.000

2000

717,688.330

2011

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
External Debt

113,548.1

May 2018

116,651.3

Apr 2018

26,841.9

Jan 2005

143,780.7

Jun 2011

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2004 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
External Debt: Short Term

33,692.0

May 2018

33,546.3

Apr 2018

2,715.8

Jan 2005

33,692.0

May 2018

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2004 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

13.2

2017

13.6

2016

5.2

2004

17.2

2011

%

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-06
Forecast: Consumer Price Index Growth

3.103

2023

3.103

2022

-1.555

2016

256.105

1993

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Current Account Balance

-12.390

2023

-11.563

2022

-24.720

2008

3.927

1988

USD bn

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth

6.263

2023

6.398

2022

-13.897

2008

25.913

2010

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: GDP PPP Per Capita

35,124.803

2023

33,268.289

2022

4,769.068

1980

35,124.803

2023

PPP Intl $

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Government Expenditure

406.104

2023

385.115

2022

0.033

1990

406.104

2023

RON bn

yearly

1990 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Government Net Debt

536.599

2023

495.814

2022

23.905

2000

536.599

2023

RON bn

yearly

2000 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Government Revenue

365.319

2023

346.159

2022

0.034

1990

365.319

2023

RON bn

yearly

1990 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Nominal GDP Per Capita

18,520.619

2023

17,229.603

2022

853.108

1992

18,520.619

2023

USD

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Population

18.929

2023

19.053

2022

18.929

2023

23.459

1990

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Real GDP Growth

3.100

2023

3.100

2022

-12.927

1991

8.359

2004

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Unemployment Rate

5.000

2023

5.000

2022

3.400

1990

10.994

1994

%

yearly

1985 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Foreign Direct Investment

491.8

May 2018

130.1

Apr 2018

-619.9

May 2016

3,886.5

Apr 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2005 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-13
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

5.8

Mar 2018

1.3

Dec 2017

-0.1

Dec 2010

12.7

Dec 2006

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-06
Foreign Exchange Reserves

35,705.4

Jun 2018

37,746.0

May 2018

16,689.6

Apr 2005

48,689.9

Jun 2011

USD mn

monthly

Apr 2005 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

17.644

Mar 2018

17.216

Dec 2017

17.216

Dec 2017

26.338

Jun 2011

%

quarterly

Jun 2005 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-06
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

4.5

May 2018

5.2

Apr 2018

4.5

May 2018

9.9

Jan 2009

NA

monthly

Apr 2005 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-10
Foreign Portfolio Investment

2,158.808

Mar 2018

1,071.227

Dec 2017

-1,417.372

Jun 2012

4,490.248

Mar 2013

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-13
GDP Deflator Growth

5.9

Mar 2018

5.1

Dec 2017

0.6

Jun 2015

144.0

Dec 1997

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
GDP per Capita

9,623.527

2016

9,002.639

2015

858.912

1992

10,450.437

2008

USD

yearly

1981 - 2016

Updated on 2018-07-06
Gold Reserves

3,970.522

Sep 2018

3,981.328

Aug 2018

18.700

Jul 1987

6,042.191

Aug 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1979 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-09
Government Debt: % of GDP

35.0

2017

37.4

2016

6.6

1995

39.1

2014

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-25
Gross Fixed Capital Formation

13,817.990

Mar 2018

12,921.419

Dec 2017

1,511.862

Mar 1997

22,100.933

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
Gross National Product

206,979.237

2017

183,361.070

2016

25,031.554

1992

206,979.237

2017

USD mn

yearly

1989 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-17
Gross Savings Rate

19.0

Mar 2018

25.0

Dec 2017

3.6

Dec 1995

33.9

Sep 1995

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-06
House Prices Growth

6.6

Mar 2018

5.6

Dec 2017

-17.1

Dec 2011

8.0

Dec 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2010 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-13
Household Debt

45,434.8

Mar 2018

43,390.0

Dec 2017

31,290.5

Mar 2007

55,871.4

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2007 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
Household Debt: % of GDP

19.8

2017

20.8

2016

1.5

2001

26.3

2010

%

yearly

1998 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Household Expenditure per Capita

2,817.824

2016

2,650.343

2015

739.289

2001

3,131.141

2008

USD

yearly

2001 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-23
Household Income per Capita

3,287.400

2016

3,028.182

2015

746.832

2001

3,485.064

2008

USD

yearly

2001 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-23
Imports: ICT Goods

5,480,747.853

2016

5,085,415.739

2015

1,144,090.992

2001

6,097,692.414

2011

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-25
Imports: Medicament

2,793,807.661

2017

2,567,206.805

2016

115,849.000

1995

2,901,204.499

2013

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

555,417.149

2017

477,241.827

2016

42,734.000

1997

638,748.653

2013

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Imports: Telecommunication Equipment

1,711,672.235

2017

2,112,314.688

2016

222,874.000

1995

3,335,739.535

2011

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Imports: Television

509,720.461

2017

414,765.492

2016

6,036.000

1997

515,201.943

2007

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Industrial Production Index Growth

3.6

May 2018

6.1

Apr 2018

-11.5

Jan 2009

17.2

Apr 2013

%

monthly

Jan 2006 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-12
Investment: % of GDP

20.9

Mar 2018

28.4

Dec 2017

10.2

Dec 1995

40.5

Sep 2007

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-06
Labour Force Participation Rate

53.8

Mar 2018

54.2

Dec 2017

52.7

Mar 2016

67.8

Sep 1996

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-08-10
Labour Productivity Growth

5.68

Jun 2018

2.11

Mar 2018

-6.41

Jun 2009

11.96

Mar 2014

%

quarterly

Mar 2003 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-10-10
Liner Shipping Connectivity Index

29.230

2017

28.870

2016

12.020

2004

29.230

2017

2004=100

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2017-09-29
Long Term Interest Rate

4.95

Jun 2018

4.69

May 2018

2.83

Feb 2015

11.86

Aug 2001

% pa

monthly

Jan 2001 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-11
M2 Growth

10.2

Sep 2018

10.8

Aug 2018

2.0

Jun 2011

39.9

May 2008

%

monthly

Dec 2005 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-23
Market Capitalization: % of GDP

19.1

2017

19.1

2016

0.2

1996

21.1

2006

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-06
Minerals Production

38,014,945.000

2016

41,759,876.000

2015

38,014,945.000

2016

52,728,801.000

2009

Metric Ton

yearly

2009 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-26
Money Supply M1

55,202.026

Aug 2018

55,011.096

Jul 2018

1,583.581

Jan 2002

55,893.601

Feb 2018

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2001 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-25
Money Supply M2

90,838.868

Aug 2018

90,484.547

Jul 2018

8,109.692

Jan 2002

93,615.578

Apr 2018

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2001 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-25
Monthly Earnings

1,107

Aug 2018

1,133

Jul 2018

50

Nov 1991

1,190

Apr 2018

USD

monthly

Jan 1991 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-09
Motor Vehicle Production

359,250.000

Dec 2017

359,306.000

Dec 2016

68,761.000

Dec 2001

410,997.000

Dec 2013

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2001 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Motor Vehicle Registered

6,009.285

2015

5,704.694

2014

3,788.000

2006

6,009.285

2015

Unit th

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2017-06-27
Motor Vehicle Sales: Commercial Cars

29,393.408

Dec 2017

27,016.000

Dec 2016

6,238.000

Jun 2013

44,044.000

Dec 2007

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Motor Vehicle Sales: Passenger Cars

130,414.536

Dec 2017

115,004.000

Dec 2016

24,499.000

Jun 2013

312,533.000

Dec 2007

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Motor Vehicles Sales

159,808

2017

142,020

2016

71,016

2013

356,577

2007

Unit

yearly

2005 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-26
Motor Vehicles Sales Growth

12.5

2017

17.8

2016

-59.0

2009

41.3

2014

%

yearly

2006 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-26
National Government Debt

80,165.4

Apr 2018

79,777.9

Mar 2018

56,611.5

Aug 2012

81,410.9

Feb 2018

USD mn

monthly

Nov 2011 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-07-03
Natural Gas Production: OPEC: Marketed Production

10,371.000

2017

9,600.000

2016

9,600.000

2016

19,350.000

1995

Cub m mn

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-12
Natural Gas: Consumption

1.151

2017

1.004

2016

1.004

2016

3.426

1982

Cub ft/Day bn

yearly

1965 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-13
New Orders Growth

16.3

May 2018

26.7

Apr 2018

-34.0

Jan 2009

101.3

Jan 2002

%

monthly

Jan 2001 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-11
Nominal GDP

59,767.7

Mar 2018

56,575.9

Dec 2017

8,082.5

Mar 1997

59,767.7

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
Nominal GDP Growth

10.317

Mar 2018

12.100

Dec 2017

-4.836

Sep 2009

129.595

Dec 1997

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
Nominal Residential Property Price Index

95.150

Dec 2017

94.060

Sep 2017

80.310

Sep 2014

111.010

Mar 2009

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2009 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Nominal Residential Property Price Index Growth

5.620

Dec 2017

6.220

Sep 2017

-13.970

Dec 2011

7.310

Dec 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2010 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Non Performing Loans Ratio

5.5

Aug 2018

5.8

Jul 2018

5.5

Aug 2018

21.5

Sep 2014

%

monthly

Sep 2014 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Number of Subscriber Fixed Line

4,110,000.000

2016

4,270,000.000

2015

306,000.000

1965

4,750,000.000

2008

Unit

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Number of Subscriber Mobile

22,900,000.000

2016

23,120,000.000

2015

0.000

1992

25,100,000.000

2009

Person

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Oil Consumption

203.450

2017

202.173

2016

142.550

1965

387.133

1979

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1965 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-14
P/E ratio

12.820

2017

6.540

2016

3.980

2000

35.180

2004

NA

yearly

1997 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-26
Policy Rate

2.50

Sep 2018

2.50

Aug 2018

1.75

Dec 2017

21.25

May 2004

% pa

monthly

Jan 2003 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Population

19.6

2016

19.8

2015

15.8

1946

23.2

1989

Person mn

yearly

1946 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-23
Private Consumption Expenditure

36,391.451

Mar 2018

35,524.694

Dec 2017

5,839.749

Mar 1997

37,219.910

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
Private Consumption: % of GDP

63.4

Mar 2018

60.8

Dec 2017

56.8

Sep 1995

81.8

Jun 1996

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-06
Public Consumption Expenditure

9,169.019

Mar 2018

8,375.152

Dec 2017

846.504

Mar 1997

9,533.907

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
Public Consumption: % of GDP

17.6

Mar 2018

14.3

Dec 2017

7.8

Sep 1998

21.7

Mar 2003

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-06
Real Effective Exchange Rate

99.6

Jun 2018

100.1

May 2018

45.6

Feb 1997

122.2

Jul 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
Real GDP Growth

4.2

Mar 2018

6.6

Dec 2017

-7.4

Jun 2009

10.3

Jun 2008

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
Real Residential Property Price Index

81.900

Dec 2017

82.660

Sep 2017

70.010

Sep 2014

119.010

Mar 2009

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2009 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Real Residential Property Price Index Growth

2.460

Dec 2017

4.670

Sep 2017

-18.720

Dec 2010

9.580

Jun 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2010 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Reserve Requirement Ratio

8.0

Sep 2018

8.0

Aug 2018

8.0

Sep 2018

20.0

Oct 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2006 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Retail Sales Growth

1.7

Aug 2018

4.7

Jul 2018

-16.2

Jun 2009

32.9

May 2006

%

monthly

Jan 2001 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-03
Short Term Interest Rate

3.17

Sep 2018

3.22

Aug 2018

0.69

Sep 2016

198.37

Feb 1997

% pa

monthly

Aug 1995 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Silver Production

3.000

2015

3.000

2014

0.000

2010

80.000

1991

Metric Ton

yearly

1986 - 2015

Updated on 2018-04-20
Teledensity: Fixed Line

20.781

2016

21.483

2015

1.579

1965

23.520

2013

Number

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Teledensity: Mobile

115.785

2016

116.318

2015

0.000

1992

121.739

2009

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Total Deposits

104,283.179

Aug 2018

104,295.579

Jul 2018

64,671.225

Jan 2007

121,981.639

Jun 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2007 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-27
Total Exports

6,942.1

May 2018

6,422.1

Apr 2018

1,274.5

Jan 2003

7,531.9

Mar 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2003 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-10
Total Exports Growth

5.2

May 2018

9.6

Apr 2018

-27.4

Feb 2009

49.4

Jan 2011

%

monthly

Jan 2004 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-10
Total Imports

8,444.0

May 2018

7,663.6

Apr 2018

1,501.6

Jan 2003

8,837.4

Mar 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2003 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-10
Total Imports Growth

6.8

May 2018

7.3

Apr 2018

-38.7

Apr 2009

43.1

Jan 2007

%

monthly

Jan 2004 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-10
Tourism Revenue

2,166

2016

2,097

2015

306

1999

2,626

2008

USD mn

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-26
Tourism Revenue Growth

3.3

2016

-5.8

2015

-41.8

1998

118.1

2005

%

yearly

1996 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-26
Trade Balance

-1,501.9

May 2018

-1,241.5

Apr 2018

-3,645.9

Sep 2008

53.3

Jul 1994

USD mn

monthly

Aug 1990 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-10
Unemployment Rate

4.30

Aug 2018

4.20

Jul 2018

4.20

Jul 2018

8.80

Apr 2002

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Visitor Arrivals

981,742

May 2018

948,056

Apr 2018

310,149

Feb 2005

1,541,985

Jul 2017

Person

monthly

Jan 2004 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-24
Visitor Arrivals Growth

-8.1

May 2018

-7.9

Apr 2018

-21.2

Feb 2009

61.5

Feb 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2005 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-24
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