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Romania External Debt: % of GDP

1970 - 2017 | Yearly | % | CEIC

Romania's External Debt accounted for 49.7 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2017, compared with the ratio of 54.7 % in the previous year. Romania's External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated yearly, available from Dec 1970 to Dec 2017. The data reached an all-time high of 75.5 % in Dec 2012 and a record low of 0.0 % in Dec 1971. CEIC calculates External Debt as % of Nominal GDP from monthly External Debt and annual Nominal GDP. External Debt is calculated as the sum of Long Term and Short Term External Debt. The National Bank of Romania provides External Debt in EUR based on BPM6. The National Institute of Statistics provides Nominal GDP in local currency. The National Bank of Romania average market exchange rate is used for currency conversions. External Debt prior to 2008 is based on BPM5. External Debt as % of Nominal GDP prior to 2001 is calculated from External Debt sourced from the World Bank and Nominal GDP sourced from the International Monetary Fund.

In the latest reports of Romania, Current Account recorded a surplus of 263.5 USD mn in Jan 2018. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 357.4 USD mn in Jan 2018. Romania's Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 24.4 USD mn in Jan 2018. Its Foreign Portfolio Investment increased by 1.1 USD bn in Dec 2017. The country's External Debt reached 113,801.1 in Jan 2018. The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 56.7 USD bn in Dec 2017.

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What was Romania's External Debt: % of GDP in 2017?

Last

49.7

2017
Previous

54.7

2016
Min

0.0

1971
Max

75.5

2012
Unit

%

Frequency

yearly

Range

1970 - 2017

Updated on 05 Apr 2018
Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

49.7

2017

54.7

2016

0.0

1971

75.5

2012

%

yearly

1970 - 2017

Updated on 05 Apr 2018

View Romania's External Debt: % of GDP from 1970 to 2017 in the chart:

External Debt: % of GDP Romania

Series Details
Series ID

358737447

Name

External Debt: % of GDP Romania

Country

Romania

Frequency

Yearly

Unit

%

Status

Active

Source

CEIC Generated

First Date

1970

Last Date

2017

Last Updated

05 Apr 2018

Statistics
Mean

26.3

Variance

531.1

Standard deviation

23.0

Skewness

0.8

Kurtosis

-0.5

Coefficient variation

0.9

Median

19.3

Max
2012

75.5

Min
1971

0.0

Previous observation
2016

54.7

Last observation
2017

49.7

Number of Observations

48

Get This Data

More Countries for External Debt: % of GDP

Country Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
United States

98.1

2017

96.8

2016

60.3

2003

99.9

2011

%

yearly

2003 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-30
Canada

114.6

2017

115.9

2016

57.4

2007

115.9

2016

%

yearly

2002 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-29
France

212.5

2016

209.2

2015

121.9

2004

212.5

2016

%

yearly

2004 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-06
Germany

140.5

2017

148.0

2016

93.5

1999

165.1

2012

%

yearly

1999 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-29
Italy

124.2

2017

123.2

2016

79.2

2002

125.2

2015

%

yearly

2002 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-30
Japan

74.1

2017

74.0

2016

28.1

2003

74.1

2017

%

yearly

2003 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-30
United Kingdom

313.4

2017

310.5

2016

116.0

1987

403.1

2008

%

yearly

1987 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-29
Austria

151.2

2017

165.1

2016

80.9

1997

205.6

2008

%

yearly

1997 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-30
Belgium

256.0

2017

273.9

2016

244.9

2013

323.3

2008

%

yearly

2007 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-04
Bulgaria

66.1

2017

71.1

2016

57.2

2003

101.3

2009

%

yearly

1999 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-28
Cyprus

557.2

2017

588.9

2016

180.7

2004

686.7

2009

%

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-26
Czech Republic

86.5

2017

73.3

2016

28.8

1995

86.5

2017

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-03
Denmark

157.9

2017

160.4

2016

142.9

2005

185.4

2010

%

yearly

2005 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-05
Estonia

83.5

2017

90.4

2016

32.9

1996

122.1

2009

%

yearly

1996 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-14
Finland

184.9

2017

198.8

2016

64.6

1991

227.5

2012

%

yearly

1991 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-02
Greece

227.9

2017

247.8

2016

91.1

2003

250.4

2015

%

yearly

2003 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-30
Hungary

103.4

2017

121.6

2016

103.4

2017

180.7

2011

%

yearly

2006 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-23
Iceland

88.7

2017

117.2

2016

54.4

1990

958.0

2008

%

yearly

1989 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-28
Ireland

683.6

2017

766.3

2016

399.2

2002

1,091.5

2010

%

yearly

2002 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-29
Latvia

140.9

Dec 2017

142.4

Sep 2017

54.7

Mar 2000

168.1

Dec 2010

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-06
Lithuania

83.2

2017

85.6

2016

28.3

1996

86.7

2009

%

yearly

1996 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-23
Argentina

36.7

2017

32.8

2016

25.5

2013

104.0

2004

%

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-22
Luxembourg

6,306.7

2017

7,086.9

2016

2,702.0

2002

7,086.9

2016

%

yearly

2002 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-23
Malta

810.7

2017

849.7

2016

495.3

2004

1,151.1

2012

%

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-26
Bolivia

21.5

2016

20.0

2015

14.6

2008

77.6

1990

%

yearly

1990 - 2016

Updated on 2018-03-22
Netherlands

522.3

2017

549.9

2016

365.5

2003

555.9

2015

%

yearly

2003 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-26
Norway

162.2

2017

169.6

2016

95.8

2004

171.8

2008

%

yearly

2003 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-28
Brazil

26.6

2017

30.5

2016

15.9

2011

45.1

2002

%

yearly

1992 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-23
Poland

66.5

2017

75.9

2016

32.4

1996

75.9

2016

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-30
Chile

65.4

2017

66.7

2016

24.0

1973

118.7

1985

%

yearly

1971 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-02
Portugal

211.1

2017

215.3

2016

63.4

1996

237.7

2012

%

yearly

1996 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-26
Colombia

40.2

2017

42.9

2016

15.3

1980

42.9

2016

%

yearly

1970 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-06
Romania

49.7

2017

54.7

2016

0.0

1971

75.5

2012

%

yearly

1970 - 2017

Updated on 05 Apr 2018
Slovakia

110.8

2017

90.9

2016

28.9

1995

110.8

2017

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-02
Slovenia

100.4

2017

110.9

2016

48.8

2002

125.5

2014

%

yearly

2001 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-20
Ecuador

38.2

2017

34.1

2016

18.1

2012

115.8

1989

%

yearly

1970 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-30
Mexico

37.9

2017

38.5

2016

17.7

2006

38.5

2016

%

yearly

2002 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-28
Spain

166.7

2016

168.6

2015

74.4

2000

168.6

2015

%

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2018-03-26
Panama

29.7

2017

29.2

2016

27.0

2012

65.2

1995

%

yearly

1993 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-19
Sweden

178.1

2017

175.7

2016

91.8

1997

201.4

2009

%

yearly

1997 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-20
Paraguay

57.4

2016

58.3

2015

52.6

2014

244.8

2002

%

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2018-03-20
Switzerland

268.9

2017

262.5

2016

176.4

1999

296.0

2007

%

yearly

1999 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-26
Peru

35.7

2017

38.2

2016

28.5

2011

99.1

1985

%

yearly

1980 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-30
Uruguay

65.3

2017

75.5

2016

38.2

2011

109.8

2003

%

yearly

1999 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-03
Venezuela

22.7

2014

33.0

2013

17.2

2008

48.6

2003

%

yearly

1997 - 2014

Updated on 2018-03-19
Algeria

2.4

2016

1.8

2015

1.7

2014

75.1

1995

%

yearly

1970 - 2016

Updated on 2018-03-20
Australia

116.4

2017

125.1

2016

43.3

1988

128.5

2015

%

yearly

1988 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-29
Bangladesh

11.4

2017

11.9

2016

11.4

2017

34.0

1997

%

yearly

1997 - 2017

Updated on 2018-01-30
Cambodia

48.7

2016

48.6

2015

27.6

2010

48.7

2016

%

yearly

2010 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-02
China

14.0

2017

12.6

2016

5.1

1985

17.0

2014

%

yearly

1985 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-29
Botswana

9.5

2017

12.3

2016

3.1

2009

13.9

2013

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-29
Hong Kong

459.0

2017

422.4

2016

218.2

2002

459.0

2017

%

yearly

2001 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-22
India

20.1

2017

23.4

2016

10.7

1980

37.5

1992

%

yearly

1970 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-28
Israel

25.4

2017

27.6

2016

25.4

2017

58.5

2002

%

yearly

1998 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-26
Indonesia

34.7

2017

34.3

2016

25.3

2011

58.3

2003

%

yearly

2003 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-26
Jordan

72.7

2017

70.4

2016

18.6

1970

223.3

1991

%

yearly

1970 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-02
South Korea

27.3

2017

27.1

2016

17.8

1994

40.6

1998

%

yearly

1994 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-27
Malawi

39.4

2014

33.6

2013

15.0

2006

39.4

2014

%

yearly

2006 - 2014

Updated on 2017-02-03
Malaysia

65.3

2017

74.5

2016

52.9

2010

74.5

2016

%

yearly

2009 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-20
Laos

37.7

2016

39.5

2015

36.5

2011

101.0

1998

%

yearly

1996 - 2016

Updated on 2017-07-14
Nepal

17.3

2016

16.1

2015

16.1

2015

47.9

2002

%

yearly

2001 - 2016

Updated on 2018-03-19
New Zealand

95.4

2017

98.8

2016

76.9

1994

123.4

2008

%

yearly

1993 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-19
Pakistan

27.3

2017

26.5

2016

24.1

2015

41.8

2002

%

yearly

2000 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-19
Philippines

23.3

2017

24.5

2016

23.3

2017

76.4

2001

%

yearly

1990 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-19
Singapore

432.2

2017

448.3

2016

420.8

2012

508.8

2003

%

yearly

2003 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-29
Sri Lanka

58.2

2016

59.0

2015

38.8

2008

60.5

1994

%

yearly

1994 - 2016

Updated on 2018-03-29
Taiwan

31.7

2017

32.5

2016

10.5

2000

33.5

2014

%

yearly

1999 - 2017

Updated on 2018-02-23
Thailand

35.3

Dec 2017

35.5

Sep 2017

26.4

Jun 2009

37.4

Mar 2005

%

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-30
Vietnam

26.3

2015

25.8

2014

22.0

2008

29.7

2004

%

yearly

2002 - 2015

Updated on 2018-03-20
Albania

68.5

2017

73.4

2016

14.8

1996

89.2

1992

%

yearly

1991 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-05
Armenia

94.1

2016

84.5

2015

29.6

2008

94.1

2016

%

yearly

2002 - 2016

Updated on 2018-03-28
Azerbaijan

22.8

Dec 2017

24.3

Sep 2017

5.1

Sep 2008

24.3

Sep 2017

%

quarterly

Dec 2001 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-01
Belarus

73.4

Dec 2017

75.0

Sep 2017

16.0

Dec 2000

78.0

Dec 2016

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-15
Bosnia and Herzegovina

29.7

2016

30.4

2015

16.6

2008

43.5

1999

%

yearly

1999 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-02
Croatia

87.5

2017

85.6

2016

42.2

1998

108.5

2013

%

yearly

1998 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-30
Georgia

110.2

2016

108.7

2015

36.5

2006

110.2

2016

%

yearly

1999 - 2016

Updated on 2018-03-30
Kazakhstan

106.2

Dec 2017

108.8

Sep 2017

63.5

Dec 2013

121.5

Sep 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2002 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-30
Kyrgyzstan

107.8

2017

116.3

2016

81.8

2008

120.6

2003

%

yearly

2003 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-23
Macedonia

73.5

2016

69.4

2015

45.4

2004

73.5

2016

%

yearly

2004 - 2016

Updated on 2017-09-20
Moldova

85.8

2017

92.4

2016

63.8

2008

133.8

2000

%

yearly

2000 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-30
Mongolia

246.2

2017

220.7

2016

26.9

1992

246.2

2017

%

yearly

1992 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-03
Mauritius

1,430.4

2017

1,427.9

2016

1,124.7

2014

2,059.1

2011

%

yearly

2009 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-30
Montenegro

61.9

2016

65.6

2015

32.6

2006

69.3

2012

%

yearly

2006 - 2016

Updated on 2018-03-27
Russia

32.9

2017

39.8

2016

26.3

2011

90.9

1999

%

yearly

1993 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-03
Serbia

76.5

2016

78.3

2015

48.3

2004

135.0

2000

%

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2018-02-14
Tajikistan

32.7

2016

27.9

2015

22.7

2014

108.2

2000

%

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2017-04-03
Turkey

53.2

2017

47.3

2016

26.1

1990

55.8

2001

%

yearly

1989 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-30
Ukraine

103.9

2017

121.7

2016

11.8

1993

130.4

2015

%

yearly

1993 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-21
Morocco

47.1

2016

44.0

2015

19.7

1974

124.8

1985

%

yearly

1970 - 2016

Updated on 2018-03-28
Nigeria

5.1

2017

2.8

2016

1.1

2008

56.1

1991

%

yearly

1985 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-19
Qatar

83.0

2010

85.7

2009

40.0

2005

85.7

2009

%

yearly

2000 - 2010

Updated on 2018-03-29
South Africa

49.6

2017

48.2

2016

18.9

2005

49.6

2017

%

yearly

1985 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-29
Sudan

40.6

2016

45.4

2015

40.6

2016

132.3

2001

%

yearly

2001 - 2016

Updated on 2018-03-14
Tunisia

55.8

2012

52.6

2011

49.4

2008

62.6

2003

%

yearly

2002 - 2012

Updated on 2018-04-06
Yemen

20.9

2013

22.6

2012

19.4

2008

34.2

2004

%

yearly

2004 - 2013

Updated on 2018-03-26
Egypt

36.2

Sep 2017

33.6

Jun 2017

12.0

Sep 2012

41.5

Jun 2003

%

quarterly

Jun 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-02-07
Ivory Coast

28.2

2014

26.2

2013

26.2

2013

97.6

1994

%

yearly

1994 - 2014

Updated on 2017-02-06
European Union

121.0

2017

127.6

2016

111.8

2009

128.3

2015

%

yearly

2008 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-06
Kenya

26.5

2016

25.8

2015

18.4

2011

26.5

2016

%

yearly

2006 - 2016

Updated on 2018-03-20
Iran

2.0

2017

1.9

2016

1.2

2015

36.2

1994

%

yearly

1994 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-20
Lebanon

54.1

2015

52.9

2014

51.5

2011

90.9

2006

%

yearly

2004 - 2015

Updated on 2018-03-20
Kosovo

33.2

2016

33.3

2015

15.0

2007

33.3

2015

%

yearly

2007 - 2016

Updated on 2018-03-26

More Indicators for Romania

Indicator Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Government Debt: % of GDP

35.2

2017

37.6

2016

6.6

1995

39.4

2014

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-21
Business Confidence: Net Balance

0.6

Mar 2018

1.6

Feb 2018

-22.2

Sep 1992

27.3

Jun 1996

% Point

monthly

Jul 1991 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-03-27
Foreign Direct Investment

357.4

Jan 2018

87.6

Dec 2017

-619.9

May 2016

3,886.5

Apr 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2005 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-26
Total Imports Growth

17.3

Jan 2018

10.8

Dec 2017

-38.7

Apr 2009

43.1

Jan 2007

%

monthly

Jan 2004 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-29
Money Supply M2

93,783.85

Feb 2018

91,761.88

Jan 2018

8,109.69

Jan 2002

93,783.85

Feb 2018

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2001 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-23
Forecast: Government Revenue

354.92

2022

333.45

2021

0.03

1990

354.92

2022

RON bn

yearly

1990 - 2022

Updated on 2017-10-10
Motor Vehicle Production

359,250.00

Dec 2017

359,306.00

Dec 2016

68,761.00

Dec 2001

410,997.00

Dec 2013

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2001 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Teledensity: Fixed Line

19.10

2016

19.79

2015

1.61

1965

21.75

2013

Number

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017-09-18
Real GDP Growth

6.8

Dec 2017

8.5

Sep 2017

-7.4

Jun 2009

10.3

Jun 2008

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-05
Labour Productivity Growth

5.06

Dec 2017

6.04

Sep 2017

-6.41

Jun 2009

11.94

Sep 2004

%

quarterly

Mar 2003 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-28
Domestic Credit Growth

5.0

Feb 2018

4.8

Jan 2018

-5.3

Jul 2013

66.6

Feb 2008

%

monthly

Dec 2005 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-05
Market Capitalization: % of GDP

19.2

2017

19.2

2016

0.2

1996

21.1

2006

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-05
Total Imports

7,559.6

Jan 2018

7,224.6

Dec 2017

1,501.6

Jan 2003

8,400.3

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2003 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-29
CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

3.75

Feb 2018

3.79

Jan 2018

-7.58

May 2016

369.34

Feb 1992

%

monthly

Oct 1991 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-19
Forecast: Nominal GDP Per Capita

14,586.88

2022

14,417.04

2021

853.11

1992

14,586.88

2022

USD

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017-10-10
Public Consumption: % of GDP

14.3

Dec 2017

14.1

Sep 2017

7.8

Sep 1998

21.7

Mar 2003

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-05
Retail Sales Growth

6.5

Feb 2018

10.9

Jan 2018

-16.2

Jun 2009

32.9

May 2006

%

monthly

Jan 2001 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-05
Equity Market Index

8,714.2

Mar 2018

8,452.4

Feb 2018

294.4

Sep 1998

10,262.8

Aug 2007

19Sep1997=1000

monthly

Sep 1997 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-03-30
Domestic Credit

88,053.3

Feb 2018

85,944.3

Jan 2018

14,859.9

Jan 2005

96,422.4

Jun 2011

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2004 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-05
Non Performing Loans Ratio

6.2

Feb 2018

6.2

Jan 2018

6.2

Jan 2018

21.5

Sep 2014

%

monthly

Sep 2014 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-05
Visitor Arrivals

705,900

Feb 2018

807,156

Jan 2018

310,149

Feb 2005

1,541,985

Jul 2017

Person

monthly

Jan 2004 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-03
Core CPI Change

2.87

Feb 2018

2.23

Jan 2018

-1.24

May 2016

592.25

Oct 1998

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-19
Forecast: Government Expenditure

400.72

2022

379.56

2021

0.03

1990

400.72

2022

RON bn

yearly

1990 - 2022

Updated on 2017-10-10
Motor Vehicle Sales: Commercial Cars

29,393.41

Dec 2017

27,016.00

Dec 2016

6,238.00

Jun 2013

44,044.00

Dec 2007

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Crude Oil: Production

75.50

2016

78.80

2015

75.50

2016

137.60

1995

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-13
Population

19.6

2016

19.8

2015

15.8

1946

23.2

1989

Person mn

yearly

1946 - 2016

Updated on 2018-03-21
Capital Adequacy Ratio

18.9

Dec 2017

19.0

Sep 2017

11.8

Sep 2008

19.8

Jun 2017

%

quarterly

Dec 2006 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-19
Household Debt: % of GDP

19.8

2017

20.9

2016

1.5

2001

26.3

2010

%

yearly

1998 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-11
Short Term Interest Rate

2.08

Mar 2018

2.09

Feb 2018

0.69

Sep 2016

198.37

Feb 1997

% pa

monthly

Aug 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-03-30
Gold Reserves

4,419.47

Mar 2018

4,442.11

Feb 2018

18.70

Jul 1987

6,042.19

Aug 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1979 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-03
Forecast: Government Net Debt

544.37

2022

498.62

2021

23.91

2000

544.37

2022

RON bn

yearly

2000 - 2022

Updated on 2017-10-10
Motor Vehicle Sales: Passenger Cars

130,414.54

Dec 2017

115,004.00

Dec 2016

24,499.00

Jun 2013

312,533.00

Dec 2007

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
GDP Deflator Growth

5.5

Dec 2017

5.5

Sep 2017

0.1

Mar 2016

144.0

Dec 1997

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-05
Unemployment Rate

4.60

Jan 2018

4.60

Dec 2017

4.60

Jan 2018

8.80

Apr 2002

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Jan 2018

Updated on Mar 2018
Direct Investment Abroad

24.4

Jan 2018

-18.9

Dec 2017

-986.4

May 2016

921.7

Feb 2016

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2005 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-26
Long Term Interest Rate

4.49

Feb 2018

4.24

Jan 2018

2.83

Feb 2015

11.86

Aug 2001

% pa

monthly

Jan 2001 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-12
Total Exports

6,614.3

Jan 2018

5,318.6

Dec 2017

1,274.5

Jan 2003

6,794.1

Nov 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2003 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-29
Bank Lending Rate

5.02

Feb 2018

4.86

Jan 2018

3.51

Sep 2016

21.19

Jan 2009

% pa

monthly

Dec 2005 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-29
New Orders Growth

21.6

Jan 2018

13.5

Dec 2017

-34.0

Jan 2009

101.3

Jan 2002

%

monthly

Jan 2001 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-23
Consumer Confidence: Net Balance

-24.5

Mar 2018

-26.5

Feb 2018

-63.3

Jun 2010

-10.4

Mar 2017

% Point

monthly

May 2001 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-03-27
Producer Price Index Growth

3.7

Jan 2018

3.3

Dec 2017

-3.4

Feb 2016

251.3

Apr 1994

%

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-19
Trade Balance

-945.3

Jan 2018

-1,906.0

Dec 2017

-3,645.9

Sep 2008

53.3

Jul 1994

USD mn

monthly

Aug 1990 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-21
Forecast: GDP PPP Per Capita

31,690.01

2022

30,102.67

2021

4,792.97

1980

31,690.01

2022

PPP Intl $

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017-10-13
Natural Gas: Consumption

1.02

2016

0.96

2015

0.96

2015

3.72

1982

Cub ft/Day bn

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-14
House Prices Growth

6.2

Sep 2017

7.2

Jun 2017

-17.1

Dec 2011

8.0

Dec 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2010 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-03-19
Consumer Confidence Growth

-14.1

Mar 2018

-12.7

Feb 2018

-36.9

Sep 2009

22.6

Jun 2011

% Point

monthly

May 2002 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-03-27
Exchange Rate against USD

3.778

Mar 2018

3.768

Feb 2018

0.001

Jan 1973

4.282

Dec 2016

RON/USD

monthly

Jan 1957 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-03-30
Foreign Exchange Reserves

41,393.5

Mar 2018

41,837.6

Feb 2018

16,689.6

Apr 2005

48,689.9

Jun 2011

USD mn

monthly

Apr 2005 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-03
Visitor Arrivals Growth

3.9

Feb 2018

22.4

Jan 2018

-21.2

Feb 2009

61.5

Feb 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2005 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-03
Forecast: Real GDP Growth

3.28

2022

3.29

2021

-12.93

1991

8.46

2008

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017-10-10
Silver Production

0.00

2014

0.00

2013

0.00

2014

80.00

1991

Metric Ton

yearly

1986 - 2014

Updated on 2016
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

-3.0

2016

-0.8

2015

-9.5

2009

-0.8

2015

%

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2018-03-19
Consumer Price Index CPI Growth

4.7

Feb 2018

4.3

Jan 2018

-3.5

May 2016

317.0

Nov 1993

%

monthly

Oct 1991 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-19
External Debt

113,801.1

Jan 2018

110,639.6

Dec 2017

26,841.9

Jan 2005

143,780.7

Jun 2011

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2004 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-28
Real Effective Exchange Rate

99.0

Feb 2018

99.2

Jan 2018

45.6

Feb 1997

122.2

Jul 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-19
Gross National Product

183,361.07

2016

174,193.83

2015

25,031.55

1992

204,143.94

2008

USD mn

yearly

1989 - 2016

Updated on 2018-03-19
Gross Savings Rate

24.6

Dec 2017

24.4

Sep 2017

3.6

Dec 1995

33.9

Sep 1995

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-05
Labour Force Participation Rate

56.1

Sep 2017

56.6

Jun 2017

52.7

Mar 2016

67.8

Sep 1996

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-02-09
Current Account Balance: % of GDP

-2.5

Dec 2017

-2.6

Sep 2017

-16.9

Jun 2008

4.4

Mar 2015

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-05
M2 Growth

13.4

Feb 2018

12.9

Jan 2018

2.0

Jun 2011

39.9

May 2008

%

monthly

Dec 2005 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-23
Reserve Requirement Ratio

8.0

Mar 2018

8.0

Feb 2018

8.0

Mar 2018

20.0

Oct 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2006 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-05
Private Consumption Expenditure

35,861.97

Dec 2017

35,363.65

Sep 2017

5,839.75

Mar 1997

37,219.91

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-05
Crude Oil: Imports

153.20

2016

135.50

2015

88.30

1999

179.10

2006

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-13
Coal Production

4.29

2016

4.71

2015

4.29

2016

12.59

1988

TOE mn

yearly

1981 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-14
Investment: % of GDP

28.0

Dec 2017

25.9

Sep 2017

10.2

Dec 1995

40.5

Sep 2007

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-05
Business Confidence Growth

-0.3

Mar 2018

0.9

Feb 2018

-38.6

Jun 1997

33.7

Jun 1995

% Point

monthly

Jul 1992 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-03-27
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

1.3

Dec 2017

3.3

Sep 2017

-0.1

Dec 2010

12.7

Dec 2006

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-05
Policy Rate

2.25

Mar 2018

2.25

Feb 2018

1.75

Dec 2017

21.25

May 2004

% pa

monthly

Jan 2003 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-03-30
Gross Fixed Capital Formation

12,787.11

Dec 2017

12,498.96

Sep 2017

1,511.86

Mar 1997

22,100.93

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-05
Forecast: Current Account Balance

-8.41

2022

-7.98

2021

-24.72

2008

3.93

1988

USD bn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017-10-10
Forecast: Unemployment Rate

6.00

2022

6.00

2021

3.40

1990

10.99

1994

%

yearly

1985 - 2022

Updated on 2017-10-10
Aluminum: Exports

761,339.51

2016

837,362.32

2015

191,818.00

1996

862,904.96

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-16
Industrial Production Index Growth

8.6

Jan 2018

13.8

Dec 2017

-11.5

Jan 2009

17.2

Apr 2013

%

monthly

Jan 2006 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-19
Household Expenditure per Capita

2,817.82

2016

2,650.34

2015

739.29

2001

3,131.14

2008

USD

yearly

2001 - 2016

Updated on 2018-03-19
External Debt: Short Term

31,243.2

Jan 2018

29,429.3

Dec 2017

2,715.8

Jan 2005

33,615.2

Jun 2011

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2004 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-28
P/E ratio

12.82

2017

6.54

2016

3.98

2000

35.18

2004

NA

yearly

1997 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-20
Tourism Revenue

2,166

2016

2,097

2015

306

1999

2,626

2008

USD mn

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2018-03-20
Employed Persons

8,541,000.00

Dec 2017

8,850,000.00

Sep 2017

8,237,000.00

Mar 2015

12,136,800.00

Sep 1995

Person

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-28
Motor Vehicles Sales Growth

12.5

2017

17.8

2016

-59.0

2009

41.3

2014

%

yearly

2006 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-20
Forecast: Consumer Price Index Growth

2.52

2022

2.64

2021

-1.55

2016

256.11

1993

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017-10-10
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth

6.20

2022

6.16

2021

-15.56

2008

26.14

2010

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017-10-10
Imports: Telecommunication Equipment

2,112,314.69

2016

2,169,653.07

2015

222,874.00

1995

3,335,739.54

2011

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-15
Imports: Television

414,765.49

2016

323,401.51

2015

6,036.00

1997

515,201.94

2007

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-15
Number of Subscriber Mobile

22,900,000.00

2016

23,120,000.00

2015

0.00

1992

25,100,000.00

2009

Person

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017-09-18
Oil Consumption

196.84

2016

190.80

2015

142.55

1965

387.13

1979

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-14
Natural Gas: Imports

1,494.00

2016

728.00

2015

728.00

2015

7,140.00

1996

Cub m mn

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-13
Container Port Throughput

721,339.00

2016

699,000.00

2015

556,674.00

2010

1,380,935.00

2008

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Liner Shipping Connectivity Index

29.23

2017

28.87

2016

12.02

2004

29.23

2017

2004=100

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2017-09-29
Exports: Medicament

0.00

2016

28.98

2014

0.00

2016

93.99

2013

USD th

yearly

2012 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-16
Imports: Medicament

33,063.38

2016

41,310.25

2015

1,538.00

1997

53,917.89

2008

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-16
Coal Consumption

5.40

2016

5.91

2015

4.36

1965

17.52

1988

TOE mn

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-14
GDP per Capita

9,560.38

2016

9,003.53

2015

858.91

1992

10,450.44

2008

USD

yearly

1981 - 2016

Updated on 2018-03-19
Private Consumption: % of GDP

61.1

Dec 2017

61.5

Sep 2017

56.8

Sep 1995

81.8

Jun 1996

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-05
Total Deposits

110,985.86

Feb 2018

107,715.32

Jan 2018

64,671.22

Jan 2007

121,981.64

Jun 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2007 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-23
Imports: ICT Goods

5,085,415.74

2015

5,518,102.05

2014

1,144,090.99

2001

6,097,692.41

2011

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2015

Updated on 2017-02-22
Exports: Telecommunication Equipment

1,275,027.18

2016

1,203,003.64

2015

3,561.00

1997

3,130,339.13

2011

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-15
Exports: Television

224,047.37

2016

401,923.09

2015

49.00

2000

717,688.33

2011

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-15
Nominal Residential Property Price Index

94.06

Sep 2017

95.59

Jun 2017

80.31

Sep 2014

111.01

Mar 2009

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2009 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-02-28
Nominal Residential Property Price Index Growth

6.22

Sep 2017

7.21

Jun 2017

-13.97

Dec 2011

7.31

Dec 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2010 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-02-28
Real Residential Property Price Index

82.66

Sep 2017

84.43

Jun 2017

70.01

Sep 2014

119.01

Mar 2009

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2009 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-02-28
Real Residential Property Price Index Growth

4.67

Sep 2017

6.45

Jun 2017

-18.72

Dec 2010

9.58

Jun 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2010 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-02-28
Number of Subscriber Fixed Line

4,110,000.00

2016

4,270,000.00

2015

306,000.00

1965

4,750,000.00

2008

Unit

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017-09-18
Teledensity: Mobile

106.43

2016

107.14

2015

0.00

1992

114.54

2009

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017-09-18
Natural Gas Production: OPEC: Marketed Production

9,890.00

2016

11,170.00

2015

9,890.00

2016

19,350.00

1995

Cub m mn

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-13
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

29,323.13

2016

28,946.90

2015

2,695.00

1995

29,323.13

2016

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-16
Minerals Production

41,759,876.00

2015

39,300,427.00

2014

39,300,427.00

2014

52,728,801.00

2009

Metric Ton

yearly

2009 - 2015

Updated on 2017-05-19
Building Permits

3,238.00

Feb 2018

2,383.00

Jan 2018

1,355.00

Jan 2004

7,573.00

Dec 2006

Unit

monthly

Jan 2004 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-30
National Government Debt

76,979.1

Dec 2017

76,422.3

Nov 2017

56,611.5

Aug 2012

77,959.8

Apr 2014

USD mn

monthly

Nov 2011 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-21
Monthly Earnings

1,087

Jan 2018

935

Dec 2017

50

Nov 1991

1,087

Jan 2018

USD

monthly

Jan 1991 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-19
Nominal GDP

56,729.1

Dec 2017

55,742.6

Sep 2017

8,082.5

Mar 1997

58,117.4

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-05
Household Income per Capita

3,287.40

2016

3,028.18

2015

746.83

2001

3,485.06

2008

USD

yearly

2001 - 2016

Updated on 2018-03-19
Current Account Balance

263.5

Jan 2018

-691.2

Dec 2017

-3,645.9

May 2008

899.1

Mar 2015

USD mn

monthly

May 2002 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-26
Electricity Production

6,007

Jan 2018

6,021

Dec 2017

3,704

May 2000

6,606

Aug 2015

GWh

monthly

Jan 2000 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-19
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

13.2

2017

13.7

2016

5.2

2004

17.2

2011

%

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-05
Household Debt

43,018.6

Sep 2017

39,606.6

Jun 2017

31,290.5

Mar 2007

55,871.4

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2007 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-03-19
Motor Vehicles Sales

159,808

2017

142,020

2016

71,016

2013

356,577

2007

Unit

yearly

2005 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-20
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

5.2

Jan 2018

5.3

Dec 2017

4.6

Nov 2017

9.9

Jan 2009

NA

monthly

Apr 2005 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-29
Foreign Portfolio Investment

1,071.23

Dec 2017

516.38

Sep 2017

-1,417.37

Jun 2012

4,490.25

Mar 2013

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-20
Total Exports Growth

15.9

Jan 2018

4.2

Dec 2017

-27.4

Feb 2009

49.4

Jan 2011

%

monthly

Jan 2004 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-03-29
Tourism Revenue Growth

3.3

2016

-5.8

2015

-41.8

1998

118.1

2005

%

yearly

1996 - 2016

Updated on 2018-03-20
Nominal GDP Growth

12.73

Dec 2017

14.50

Sep 2017

-4.84

Sep 2009

129.60

Dec 1997

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-05
Public Consumption Expenditure

8,416.34

Dec 2017

8,760.63

Sep 2017

846.50

Mar 1997

9,533.91

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-05
Money Supply M1

56,042.85

Feb 2018

54,905.49

Jan 2018

1,583.58

Jan 2002

56,042.85

Feb 2018

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2001 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-03-23
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

17.22

Dec 2017

17.60

Sep 2017

17.22

Dec 2017

26.34

Jun 2011

%

quarterly

Jun 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-05
Forecast: Population

19.75

2022

19.75

2021

19.75

2022

23.46

1990

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017-10-10
Motor Vehicle Registered

6,009.28

2015

5,704.69

2014

3,788.00

2006

6,009.28

2015

Unit th

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2017-06-27
Exports: ICT Goods

2,221,038.59

2015

2,678,106.84

2014

470,071.00

2001

4,903,222.53

2011

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2015

Updated on 2017-02-22