Romania External Debt: % of GDP

1995 - 2020 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about Romania`s External Debt: % of GDP

  • Romania External Debt accounted for 58.1 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2020, compared with the ratio of 49.2 % in the previous year.
  • Romania External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated yearly, available from Dec 1995 to Dec 2020.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 75.9 % in Dec 2012 and a record low of 18.3 % in Dec 1995.

CEIC calculates External Debt as % of Nominal GDP from monthly External Debt and annual Nominal GDP. External Debt is calculated as the sum of Long Term and Short Term External Debt. The National Bank of Romania provides External Debt in EUR based on BPM6. The National Institute of Statistics provides Nominal GDP in local currency. The National Bank of Romania average market exchange rate is used for currency conversions. External Debt prior to 2008 is based on BPM5. External Debt as % of Nominal GDP prior to 2001 is calculated from External Debt sourced from the World Bank and Nominal GDP sourced from the International Monetary Fund.


Related information about Romania`s External Debt: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports of Romania, Current Account recorded a deficit of 1.4 USD bn in Aug 2021.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 696.6 USD mn in Aug 2021.
  • Romania Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 118.8 USD mn in Aug 2021.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment increased by 3.2 USD bn in Jun 2021.
  • The country's External Debt reached 159,549.1 in Aug 2021.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 68.4 USD bn in Dec 2020.

View Romania's External Debt: % of GDP from 1995 to 2020 in the chart:

Romania External Debt: % of GDP

What was Romania's External Debt: % of GDP in 2020?

Romania External Debt accounted for 58.1 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2020, compared with the ratio of 49.2 % in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
58.1 2020 49.2 2019 18.3 1995 75.9 2012 % yearly 1995 - 2020

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 65.6 2020 yearly 1991 - 2020
Algeria (%) 2.2 2019 yearly 1970 - 2019
Argentina (%) 70.7 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Armenia (%) 102.3 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Australia (%) 129.1 2020 yearly 1988 - 2020
Austria (%) 164.9 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Azerbaijan (%) 20.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2020
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 70.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2020
Belgium (%) 261.0 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Bolivia (%) 38.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 25.5 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Botswana (%) 8.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Brazil (%) 38.4 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
Bulgaria (%) 64.6 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Cambodia (%) 69.9 2020 yearly 2010 - 2020
Canada (%) 142.8 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Chile (%) 82.4 2020 yearly 1971 - 2020
China (%) 16.3 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Colombia (%) 56.7 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Croatia (%) 87.9 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Cyprus (%) 908.4 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Czech Republic (%) 75.5 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Denmark (%) 157.0 2020 yearly 2005 - 2020
Ecuador (%) 57.4 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Egypt (%) 33.9 Sep 2020 quarterly Jun 1999 - Sep 2020
Estonia (%) 91.1 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
European Union (%) 130.3 2020 yearly 2008 - 2020
Finland (%) 225.1 2020 yearly 1991 - 2020
France (%) 261.7 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Georgia (%) 129.8 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Germany (%) 163.3 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Ghana (%) 34.2 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Greece (%) 299.1 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 514.2 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Hungary (%) 155.9 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Iceland (%) 83.5 2020 yearly 1989 - 2020
India (%) 21.1 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Indonesia (%) 39.4 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Iran (%) 1.1 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (%) 701.2 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Israel (%) 32.9 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Italy (%) 140.2 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Ivory Coast (%) 24.0 2018 yearly 1994 - 2018
Japan (%) 92.8 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Jordan (%) 82.1 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Kazakhstan (%) 96.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2020
Kenya (%) 33.1 2019 yearly 2015 - 2019
South Korea (%) 33.3 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Kosovo (%) 37.2 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Kuwait (%) 50.5 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 112.9 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Laos (%) 52.6 2019 yearly 1996 - 2019
Latvia (%) 124.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
Lebanon (%) 62.8 2019 yearly 2007 - 2019
Lithuania (%) 75.7 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Luxembourg (%) 5,166.8 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
North Macedonia (%) 80.2 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Malawi (%) 39.4 2014 yearly 2006 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 67.6 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Malta (%) 678.6 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Mauritius (%) 2,062.5 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Mexico (%) 42.8 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Moldova (%) 70.1 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Mongolia (%) 243.1 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
Montenegro (%) 203.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Morocco (%) 53.5 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Mozambique (%) 71.8 2017 yearly 1985 - 2017
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 443.8 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
New Zealand (%) 90.3 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020
Nigeria (%) 7.8 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Norway (%) 180.1 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Pakistan (%) 41.0 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Palestinian Territory (%) 35.4 2018 yearly 2012 - 2018
Panama (%) 201.9 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Paraguay (%) 53.8 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Peru (%) 43.3 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Philippines (%) 27.2 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Poland (%) 60.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Portugal (%) 205.2 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 58.1 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Russia (%) 31.5 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020
Serbia (%) 61.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Singapore (%) 471.3 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Slovakia (%) 120.5 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Slovenia (%) 101.9 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
South Africa (%) 50.8 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Spain (%) 198.8 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Sri Lanka (%) 61.1 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Sudan (%) 120.5 2019 yearly 2001 - 2019
Sweden (%) 164.2 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Switzerland (%) 283.3 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Taiwan (%) 28.4 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Tajikistan (%) 37.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Thailand (%) 36.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2020
Tunisia (%) 100.9 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Turkey (%) 60.4 2020 yearly 1989 - 2020
Ukraine (%) 80.8 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020

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Romania Key Series

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Includes 322 key indicators for Romania, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -9.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2004 - Dec 2020
National Government Debt (USD mn) 131,846.2 Aug 2021 monthly Nov 2011 - Aug 2021
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 47.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2011 - Dec 2020
Forecast: Government Expenditure (RON bn) 585.368 2026 yearly 1990 - 2026
Forecast: Government Net Debt (RON bn) 1,001.380 2026 yearly 2000 - 2026
Forecast: Government Revenue (RON bn) 500.769 2026 yearly 1990 - 2026
General Government Budget: Cons: ytd: Expenditure: Current (RON mn) 299,106.805 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2006 - Sep 2021
General Government Budget: Cons: ytd: Revenue: Current (RON mn) 250,454.046 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2006 - Sep 2021
General Government Budget: Cons: ytd: Expenditure (RON mn) 314,648.216 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2004 - Sep 2021
General Government Budget: Cons: ytd: Revenue (RON mn) 270,359.167 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2004 - Sep 2021
General Government Budget: Cons: ytd: Balance (RON mn) -44,289.049 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2004 - Sep 2021
Public Debt: General Government: Domestic (RON mn) 335,141.400 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Public Debt: General Government (RON mn) 645,331.230 Aug 2021 monthly Jun 2007 - Aug 2021
Public Debt: General Government: ESA 2010 (RON mn) 550,339.237 Aug 2021 monthly Nov 2011 - Aug 2021
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 6.664 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Trade Balance (USD mn) -2,507.5 Sep 2021 monthly Aug 1990 - Sep 2021
Total Exports (USD mn) 7,471.4 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Sep 2021
Total Exports Growth (%) 4.6 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2004 - Sep 2021
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 844,450.428 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 971,648.983 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 48,432.029 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Imports (USD mn) 9,978.8 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Sep 2021
Total Imports Growth (%) 11.4 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2004 - Sep 2021
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 3,325,901.028 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 1,010,992.995 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 99.457 Nov 2020 monthly Sep 1999 - Nov 2020
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 49.686 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1981 - Jan 2021
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 85.384 Feb 2021 monthly Jan 1981 - Feb 2021
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 572.288 Feb 2021 monthly Jan 1981 - Feb 2021
RO: Imports: cif: Emerging and Developing Economies: Emerging and Developing Asi... (USD mn) 626.155 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1981 - Jul 2021
Exports: FOB: BEC: Consumer Goods (EUR mn) 981.300 Jul 2021 monthly Apr 2003 - Jul 2021
Exports: FOB: BEC: Fuel & Lubricants (EUR mn) 161.900 Jul 2021 monthly Apr 2003 - Jul 2021
Exports: FOB: BEC: Industrial Supplies (EUR mn) 1,567.800 Jul 2021 monthly Apr 2003 - Jul 2021
Exports: FOB: BEC: Foods & Beverages (FB) (EUR mn) 698.400 Jul 2021 monthly Apr 2003 - Jul 2021
Exports: FOB: BEC: Transport Equipment & Parts & Accessories (TE) (EUR mn) 1,553.400 Jul 2021 monthly Apr 2003 - Jul 2021
Exports: FOB: France (EUR mn) 435.000 Jul 2021 monthly Apr 2003 - Jul 2021
Exports: FOB: Italy (EUR mn) 706.200 Jul 2021 monthly Apr 2003 - Jul 2021
Exports: FOB: Hungary (EUR mn) 364.100 Jul 2021 monthly Apr 2003 - Jul 2021
Exports: FOB: Germany (EUR mn) 1,257.000 Jul 2021 monthly Apr 2003 - Jul 2021
Exports: FOB: Turkey (EUR mn) 207.500 Jul 2021 monthly Apr 2003 - Jul 2021
Export Unit Value Index: EUR (Prev Year=100) 98.800 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Imports: CIF: BEC: Industrial Supplies (EUR mn) 2,924.500 Jul 2021 monthly Apr 2003 - Jul 2021
Imports: CIF: BEC: Transport Equipment & Parts & Accessories (TE) (EUR mn) 1,073.900 Jul 2021 monthly Apr 2003 - Jul 2021
Imports: CIF: BEC: Foods & Beverages (FB) (EUR mn) 674.900 Jul 2021 monthly Apr 2003 - Jul 2021
Imports: CIF: BEC: Fuel & Lubricants (EUR mn) 679.700 Jul 2021 monthly Apr 2003 - Jul 2021
Imports: CIF: BEC: Consumer Goods (EUR mn) 1,197.500 Jul 2021 monthly Apr 2003 - Jul 2021
Imports: CIF: Russian Federation (EUR mn) 340.200 Jul 2021 monthly Apr 2003 - Jul 2021
Imports: CIF: Turkey (EUR mn) 438.700 Jul 2021 monthly Apr 2003 - Jul 2021
Imports: CIF: Italy (EUR mn) 806.800 Jul 2021 monthly Apr 2003 - Jul 2021
Imports: CIF: Germany (EUR mn) 1,661.200 Jul 2021 monthly Apr 2003 - Jul 2021
Imports: CIF: Hungary (EUR mn) 573.500 Jul 2021 monthly Apr 2003 - Jul 2021
Import Unit Value Index: EUR (Prev Year=100) 95.800 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Energy Production: (TOE th) 22,351.000 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
Energy Consumption: Gross Domestic (GD) (TOE th) 33,016.000 2019 yearly 1993 - 2019
Energy Imports: Crude Oil (TOE th) 7,071.000 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
Energy Production: Crude Oil (TOE th) 3,548.000 2017 yearly 1992 - 2017
Natural Gas: Indigenous Production (Cub m) 705,000,000.000 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2010 - Jul 2021
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 191.8 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -1,943.6 Sep 2021 monthly Jun 2002 - Sep 2021
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -7.9 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1995 - Jun 2021
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 1,136.5 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 2.7 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1995 - Jun 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 3,765.213 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 5.4 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1995 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) -84.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) 4,460.956 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2020
External Debt (USD mn) 154,706.6 Sep 2021 monthly Dec 2004 - Sep 2021
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 58.1 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 41,467.4 Sep 2021 monthly Dec 2004 - Sep 2021
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 15.2 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Total Debt: % of GDP (%) 263.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2007 - Dec 2020
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -19.466 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) -125,191.172 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1998 - Dec 2020
RO: BoP: Financial Account: Financial Derivatives & Employee Stock Options: Liab... (USD mn) 0.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1995 - Jun 2021
RO: BoP: Financial Account: Financial Derivatives & Employee Stock Options: Asse... (USD mn) 54.577 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1995 - Jun 2021
BoP: Net: CA: Primary Income (PI) (EUR mn) -352.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: Net: CA: GS: Services (EUR mn) 748.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: Net: FA: Financial Derivatives (EUR mn) -2.000 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Aug 2021
BoP: Liabilities: FA: Portfolio Investment (PI) (EUR mn) -179.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: Credit: CA: GS: Goods (EUR mn) 5,938.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: Liabilities: FA: Other Investment (OI) (EUR mn) -579.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: Net: FA: Portfolio Investment (PI) (EUR mn) 275.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: Net: FA: Other Investment (OI) (EUR mn) -2,393.000 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Aug 2021
BoP: Credit: CA: Secondary Income (SI) (EUR mn) 415.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
Balance of Payments (BoP): Assets: Financial Account (FA) (EUR mn) -785.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: Debit: CA: Secondary Income (SI) (EUR mn) 377.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: Net: CA: GS: Goods (EUR mn) -2,086.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: Debit: CA: GS: Services (EUR mn) 1,503.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: Assets: FA: Direct Investment (DI) (EUR mn) 163.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: Assets: FA: Other Investment (EUR mn) -449.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
Balance of Payments (BoP): Debit: Current Account (CA) (EUR mn) 10,665.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
Balance of Payments (BoP): Liabilities: Financial Account (FA) (EUR mn) 209.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: Debit: Capital Account (EUR mn) 45.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
Balance of Payments (BoP): Net: Current Account (CA) (EUR mn) -1,652.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: Net: Capital Account (EUR mn) 411.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
Balance of Payments (BoP): Net: Financial Account (FA) (EUR mn) -993.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: Net: CA: Secondary Income (SI) (EUR mn) 38.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: Credit: CA: Primary Income (PI) (EUR mn) 410.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
Balance of Payments (BoP): Credit: Current Account (CA) (EUR mn) 9,013.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: Assets: FA: Reserve Assets (EUR mn) -609.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: Credit: CA: GS: Services (EUR mn) 2,251.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: Liabilities: FA: PI: Equity & Investment Fund Shares (EUR mn) -50.000 Nov 2018 monthly Jan 2005 - Nov 2018
BoP: Assets: FA: Portfolio Investment (PI) (EUR mn) 96.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: Liabilities: FA: Direct Investment (DI) (EUR mn) 966.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: Net: FA: Direct Investment (DI) (EUR mn) -803.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: Credit: Capital Account (EUR mn) 455.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: Debit: CA: GS: Goods (EUR mn) 8,024.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: Net Errors & Omissions (EUR mn) 104.000 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Aug 2021
BoP: Debit: CA: Primary Income (PI) (EUR mn) 762.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
IIP: Liabilities (EUR mn) 203,736.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2007 - Sep 2021
International Investment Position (IIP): Net (EUR mn) -108,387.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2007 - Sep 2021
IIP: Assets (EUR mn) 95,349.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2007 - Sep 2021
External Debt: Long Term (EUR mn) 67,725.800 Nov 2018 monthly Jan 2008 - Nov 2018
Gross External Debt: Total (EUR mn) 133,632.800 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2007 - Sep 2021
External Debt Service: Short Term (EUR mn) 57,000.500 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2008 - Sep 2021
External Debt Service: Long Term (LT) (EUR mn) 12,089.800 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2008 - Sep 2021
FDI: Stock: BPM6: Trade (EUR mn) 14,681.000 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI): Stock (EUR mn) 88,304.000 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
FDI: Stock: BPM6: Industry: Electricity, Heating, Natural Gas & Water (EUR mn) 6,131.000 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
FDI: Stock: BPM6: Financial Intermediation & Insurance (EUR mn) 10,152.000 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
FDI: Stock: BPM6: Industry (EUR mn) 35,648.000 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
FDI: Stock: BPM6: Industry: Manufacturing (Mfg) (EUR mn) 25,596.000 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
FDI: Stock: Country of Origin: ow Austria (EUR mn) 11,107.000 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
FDI: Stock: Country of Origin: ow Germany (EUR mn) 10,893.000 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
FDI: Stock: Country of Origin: ow France (EUR mn) 5,486.000 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
FDI: Stock: Country of Origin: ow Netherlands (EUR mn) 20,515.000 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
FDI: Stock: Country of Origin: ow Italy (EUR mn) 7,263.000 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
No of Companies Registered (Unit) 235,140.000 Sep 2021 monthly Dec 2001 - Sep 2021
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 3.6 Aug 2021 monthly Sep 2014 - Aug 2021
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 19.3 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2007 - Dec 2020
Non-Performing Loans (USD mn) 1,741.139 Sep 2017 monthly Jun 2015 - Sep 2017
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 89,793.771 Sep 2021 monthly Dec 2001 - Sep 2021
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 125,643.745 Sep 2021 monthly Dec 2001 - Sep 2021
M2 Growth (%) 16.2 Sep 2021 monthly Dec 2002 - Sep 2021
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 8.0 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2006 - Mar 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 42,186.3 Oct 2021 monthly Apr 2005 - Oct 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 15.686 Jun 2021 quarterly Jun 2005 - Jun 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 4.5 Sep 2021 monthly Apr 2005 - Sep 2021
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 5,938.560 Oct 2021 monthly Dec 1973 - Oct 2021
Total Deposits (USD mn) 131,981.205 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2007 - Sep 2021
Total Deposits Growth (%) 11.3 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2008 - Mar 2021
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 111,890.2 Sep 2021 monthly Dec 2004 - Sep 2021
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 15.9 Sep 2021 monthly Dec 2005 - Sep 2021
Household Debt (USD mn) 53,179.7 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2007 - Jun 2021
Total Loans (USD mn) 97,065.377 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2007 - Mar 2021
Total Loans Growth (%) 7.09 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2008 - Apr 2021
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 25.94 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2007 - Dec 2020
Broad Money: Narrow Money (M1) (RON mn) 382,997.370 Sep 2021 monthly Dec 2004 - Sep 2021
Broad Money: M3 (RON mn) 535,908.266 Sep 2021 monthly Dec 2004 - Sep 2021
Broad Money: M2 (RON mn) 535,908.266 Sep 2021 monthly Dec 2004 - Sep 2021
Official Reserve Assets: Foreign Currency Reserves in Convertible Foreign Curren... (EUR mn) 36,518.580 Oct 2021 monthly Apr 2005 - Oct 2021
Official Reserve Assets (EUR mn) 44,984.100 Oct 2021 monthly Apr 2005 - Oct 2021
Deposit: Non Government (RON mn) 452,453.443 Sep 2021 monthly Dec 2004 - Sep 2021
Deposit: Non Government: Corporate (RON mn) 179,364.612 Sep 2021 monthly Dec 2004 - Sep 2021
Loans: Residents: Household: Lending for House Purchase (RON mn) 97,737.865 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2007 - Sep 2021
Loans: Residents: Household: Consumer (RON mn) 62,066.976 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2007 - Sep 2021
Prudential Ratios: Non Performing Loans Ratio: EBA Definition (%) 3.650 Aug 2021 monthly Sep 2014 - Aug 2021
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Business Confidence Growth (% Point) 4.3 Oct 2021 monthly Jul 1992 - Oct 2021
RO: Ease of Doing Business Rank: 1=Most Business-friendly Regulations (NA) 55.000 2019 yearly 2019 - 2019

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