Mongolia External Debt: % of GDP

1992 - 2020 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about Mongolia External Debt: % of GDP

  • Mongolia External Debt accounted for 243.1 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2020, compared with the ratio of 216.1 % in the previous year.
  • Mongolia External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated yearly, available from Dec 1992 to Dec 2020.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 370.6 % in Dec 2000 and a record low of 26.9 % in Dec 1992.

CEIC calculates External Debt as % of Nominal GDP from quarterly External Debt and annual Nominal GDP. The Bank of Mongolia provides External Debt in USD. The National Statistics Office of Mongolia provides Nominal GDP in local currency. The Bank of Mongolia average market exchange rate is used for currency conversions. External Debt as % of Nominal GDP prior to 2010 is calculated from Nominal GDP based on SNA1993. External Debt as % of Nominal GDP prior to 2000 is calculated from External Debt and Nominal GDP, both sourced from the World Bank.


Related information about Mongolia External Debt: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports of Mongolia, Current Account recorded a surplus of 244.6 USD mn in Oct 2021.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 103.8 USD mn in Sep 2021.
  • Mongolia Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 1.2 USD mn in Oct 2021.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment increased by 70.4 USD mn in Sep 2021.
  • The country's External Debt reached 32,958.1 in Jun 2021.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 3.7 USD bn in Dec 2020.

View Mongolia's External Debt: % of GDP from 1992 to 2020 in the chart:

Mongolia External Debt: % of GDP

What was Mongolia's External Debt: % of GDP in 2020?

Mongolia External Debt accounted for 243.1 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2020, compared with the ratio of 216.1 % in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
243.1 2020 216.1 2019 26.9 1992 370.6 2000 % yearly 1992 - 2020

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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Includes External Debt: % of GDP on 108 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 65.4 2020 yearly 1991 - 2020
Algeria (%) 2.2 2019 yearly 1970 - 2019
Argentina (%) 70.7 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Armenia (%) 102.3 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Australia (%) 131.9 2020 yearly 1988 - 2020
Austria (%) 164.9 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Azerbaijan (%) 20.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2020
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 70.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2020
Belgium (%) 261.0 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Bolivia (%) 38.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 25.5 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Botswana (%) 8.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Brazil (%) 38.4 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
Bulgaria (%) 64.6 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Cambodia (%) 69.9 2020 yearly 2010 - 2020
Canada (%) 142.5 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Chile (%) 82.4 2020 yearly 1971 - 2020
China (%) 16.3 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Colombia (%) 56.7 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Croatia (%) 86.0 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Cyprus (%) 908.4 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Czech Republic (%) 75.5 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Denmark (%) 157.7 2020 yearly 2005 - 2020
Ecuador (%) 57.1 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Egypt (%) 33.9 Sep 2020 quarterly Jun 1999 - Sep 2020
Estonia (%) 91.1 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
European Union (%) 130.3 2020 yearly 2008 - 2020
Finland (%) 225.2 2020 yearly 1991 - 2020
France (%) 261.7 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Georgia (%) 130.2 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Germany (%) 163.3 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Ghana (%) 34.2 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Greece (%) 299.1 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 516.0 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Hungary (%) 155.9 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Iceland (%) 83.5 2020 yearly 1989 - 2020
India (%) 21.1 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Indonesia (%) 39.4 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Iran (%) 1.0 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (%) 701.2 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Israel (%) 32.9 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Italy (%) 140.2 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Ivory Coast (%) 24.0 2018 yearly 1994 - 2018
Japan (%) 92.8 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Jordan (%) 82.1 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Kazakhstan (%) 96.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2020
Kenya (%) 33.1 2019 yearly 2015 - 2019
South Korea (%) 33.3 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Kosovo (%) 37.2 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Kuwait (%) 50.5 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 112.9 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Laos (%) 52.6 2019 yearly 1996 - 2019
Latvia (%) 124.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
Lebanon (%) 62.8 2019 yearly 2007 - 2019
Lithuania (%) 75.7 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Luxembourg (%) 5,166.8 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
North Macedonia (%) 80.2 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Malawi (%) 39.4 2014 yearly 2006 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 67.6 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Malta (%) 677.1 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Mauritius (%) 2,062.5 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Mexico (%) 42.8 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Moldova (%) 70.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Mongolia (%) 243.1 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
Montenegro (%) 203.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Morocco (%) 53.6 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Mozambique (%) 71.8 2017 yearly 1985 - 2017
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 443.8 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
New Zealand (%) 89.9 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020
Nigeria (%) 7.8 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Norway (%) 180.9 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Pakistan (%) 41.0 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Palestinian Territory (%) 35.4 2018 yearly 2012 - 2018
Panama (%) 198.0 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Paraguay (%) 53.7 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Peru (%) 43.3 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Philippines (%) 27.2 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Poland (%) 60.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Portugal (%) 205.2 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 57.9 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Russia (%) 31.4 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020
Serbia (%) 61.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Singapore (%) 471.3 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Slovakia (%) 120.5 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Slovenia (%) 101.9 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
South Africa (%) 50.8 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Spain (%) 198.8 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Sri Lanka (%) 61.1 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Sudan (%) 105.1 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Sweden (%) 164.1 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Switzerland (%) 280.2 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Taiwan (%) 28.4 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Tajikistan (%) 37.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Thailand (%) 36.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2020
Tunisia (%) 100.9 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Turkey (%) 60.4 2020 yearly 1989 - 2020
Ukraine (%) 80.8 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020

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Mongolia Key Series

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Includes 221 key indicators for Mongolia, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -12.3 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2020
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) 5.789 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2000 - Mar 2021
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 253.980 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2000 - Nov 2021
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 21.1 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Mar 2021
Forecast: Government Expenditure (MNT bn) 27,141.790 2026 yearly 1981 - 2026
Forecast: Government Net Debt (MNT bn) 0.000 yearly -
Forecast: Government Revenue (MNT bn) 23,645.500 2026 yearly 1981 - 2026
General Government Expenditure & NL: ytd: Net Lending (MNT mn) 99,564.723 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Nov 2021
General Government Revenue & Grants: ytd: Tax: Value Added Tax (MNT mn) 2,564,701.708 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Nov 2021
General Government Balance: ytd (MNT mn) -1,887,315.995 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Nov 2021
General Government Revenue & Grants: ytd: Tax: Excises (MNT mn) 783,548.659 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Nov 2021
General Government Expenditure & NL: ytd: Expenditure: Current (MNT mn) 11,435,396.620 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Nov 2021
General Government Expenditure & NL: ytd: Expenditure: Capital (MNT mn) 2,026,397.958 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Nov 2021
General Government Expenditure & NL: ytd: Expenditure (MNT mn) 13,461,794.578 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Nov 2021
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 4.048 2026 yearly 1981 - 2026
Trade Balance (USD mn) 763.5 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Nov 2021
Total Exports (USD mn) 665.8 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Mar 2021
Total Exports Growth (%) 50.3 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1998 - Nov 2021
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 5,490.747 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 167.614 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 85.266 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Imports (USD mn) 437.5 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Apr 2021
Total Imports Growth (%) 20.7 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1998 - Nov 2021
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 85,111.596 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 20,810.070 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 22.230 Jan 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Jan 2021
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 23.615 Mar 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Mar 2021
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 459.701 Apr 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Apr 2021
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 153.401 Apr 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Apr 2021
Exports: Base Metals and Articles Thereof (USD th) 5,374.900 Mar 2019 monthly Dec 1999 - Mar 2019
Exports: Textiles and Textile Articles (USD th) 23,880.488 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Nov 2021
Exports: Live Animals and Products of Animal Origin (USD th) 1,928.963 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Nov 2021
Exports: Mineral Products (USD th) 957,436.723 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Nov 2021
Exports: Asia: North Eastern: ow China (USD th) 851,172.508 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Nov 2021
Exports: America: USA (USD th) 486.100 Dec 2018 monthly Dec 1999 - Dec 2018
Exports: Europe: European Union: ow United Kingdom (USD th) 2,470.758 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Nov 2021
Imports: Auto, Air and Water Transport Vehicles and Their Spare Parts (USD th) 63,412.196 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Nov 2021
Imports: Food Products (USD th) 55,900.865 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Nov 2021
Imports: Mineral Products (USD th) 178,049.379 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Nov 2021
Imports: Machinery, Equipment, Electric Appliances, Recorders, TV Sets and Spare... (USD th) 82,392.010 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Nov 2021
Imports: Base Metals and Articles Thereof (USD th) 28,262.597 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Nov 2021
Imports: Asia: North Eastern: ow Republic of Korea (USD th) 27,691.870 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Nov 2021
Imports: Asia: North Eastern: ow Japan (USD th) 50,024.015 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Nov 2021
Imports: America: ow USA (USD th) 15,941.750 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Nov 2021
Imports: Europe: Others: ow Russian Federation (USD th) 221,438.768 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Nov 2021
Imports: Asia: North Eastern: ow China (USD th) 103,628.385 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Nov 2021
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 4.2 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Nov 2021
Current Account Balance (USD mn) 464.4 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Nov 2021
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -27.5 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2021
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 151.8 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Nov 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 15.3 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 70.420 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 1998 - Sep 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) -1.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) 7.3 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1998 - Mar 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) 19.504 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1998 - Mar 2021
External Debt (USD mn) 33,319.8 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2021
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 243.1 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 1,519.3 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2021
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 21.1 2019 yearly 1992 - 2019
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -1.842 2026 yearly 1991 - 2026
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) -37,140.485 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2020
BoP: CA: Primary Income (USD mn) -162.520 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Nov 2021
BoP: FA: Direct Investment: Liabilities (USD mn) 151.840 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Nov 2021
BoP: FA: Financial Derivatives: Asset (USD mn) 0.080 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Nov 2021
BoP: Net Errors & Omissions (USD mn) 49.680 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Nov 2021
Balance of Payments (BoP): Current Account (CA) (USD mn) 464.430 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Nov 2021
BoP: Capital Account (USD mn) 9.900 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Nov 2021
BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment (USD mn) -16.120 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Nov 2021
BoP: FA: Financial Derivatives: Liabilities (USD mn) 0.030 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Nov 2021
BoP: Reserves: Assets (USD mn) 131.930 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Nov 2021
BoP: CA: Goods & Services: Goods (USD mn) 707.200 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Nov 2021
BoP: FA: Direct Investment (USD mn) -147.660 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Nov 2021
BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment: Liabilities (USD mn) 19.670 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Nov 2021
BoP: FA: OI: Asset (USD mn) 98.620 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Nov 2021
BoP: CA: Goods & Services: Services (USD mn) -92.440 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Nov 2021
BoP: Financial Account (FA) (USD mn) 392.080 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Nov 2021
BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment: Asset (USD mn) 3.550 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Nov 2021
BoP: FA: Other Investment (OI) (USD mn) 555.800 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Nov 2021
BoP: CA: Secondary Income (USD mn) 12.190 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Nov 2021
BoP: FA: Direct Investment: Asset (USD mn) 4.180 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Nov 2021
BoP: FA: Financial Derivatives (USD mn) 0.060 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Nov 2021
BoP: FA: OI: Liabilities (USD mn) -457.180 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2009 - Nov 2021
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 10.0 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1996 - Nov 2021
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 23.3 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2004 - Mar 2021
Non-Performing Loans (USD mn) 707.491 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1996 - Nov 2021
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 2,059.764 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1996 - Nov 2021
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 9,472.449 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1996 - Nov 2021
M2 Growth (%) 16.0 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1997 - Nov 2021
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 8.5 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Apr 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 3,484.6 Aug 2021 monthly Dec 1992 - Aug 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 27.943 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2010 - Jun 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 6.4 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Jul 2021
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 810.279 Aug 2021 monthly Dec 1980 - Aug 2021
Total Deposits (USD mn) 6,598.320 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2000 - Nov 2021
Total Deposits Growth (%) 28.5 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Mar 2021
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 7,899.5 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1992 - Nov 2021
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 15.4 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1993 - Nov 2021
Household Debt (USD mn) 3,587.6 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2004 - Nov 2021
Total Loans (USD mn) 6,188.638 Mar 2021 monthly Dec 1996 - Mar 2021
Total Loans Growth (%) 2.83 Apr 2021 monthly Dec 1997 - Apr 2021
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 44.54 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2020
Money Supply: M2: M1 (MNT mn) 5,868,700.202 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1990 - Nov 2021
International Reserves: Gross (USD mn) 4,165.200 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2006 - Nov 2021
Deposits (MNT tn) 18.800 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2000 - Nov 2021
Deposits: Corporate (MNT tn) 2.500 Nov 2021 monthly May 2018 - Nov 2021
Deposits: Individual (MNT tn) 16.200 Nov 2021 monthly May 2018 - Nov 2021
Loans: Outstanding Amounts: Non Performing Loans (MNT mn) 2,015,790.688 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1996 - Nov 2021

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