Peru External Debt: % of GDP

1980 - 2021 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about Peru External Debt: % of GDP

  • Peru External Debt accounted for 45.2 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2021, compared with the ratio of 44.3 % in the previous year.
  • Peru External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated yearly, available from Dec 1980 to Dec 2021.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 99.2 % in Dec 1985 and a record low of 27.8 % in Dec 2011.

CEIC calculates External Debt as % of Nominal GDP from quarterly External Debt and quarterly Nominal GDP. The Central Reserve Bank of Peru provides External Debt in USD and Nominal GDP in local currency. The Central Reserve Bank of Peru average market exchange rate is used for currency conversions. External Debt excludes direct investment and equity liabilities.


Related information about Peru External Debt: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports of Peru, Current Account recorded a deficit of 3.7 USD bn in Sep 2022.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 2.1 USD bn in Sep 2022.
  • Peru Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 2.4 USD mn in Sep 2022.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment fell by 414.5 USD mn in Sep 2022.
  • The country's External Debt reached 101,506.3 in Sep 2022.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 61.1 USD bn in Sep 2022.

View Peru's External Debt: % of GDP from 1980 to 2021 in the chart:

Peru External Debt: % of GDP

What was Peru's External Debt: % of GDP in 2021?

Peru External Debt accounted for 45.2 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2021, compared with the ratio of 44.3 % in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
45.2 2021 44.3 2020 27.8 2011 99.2 1985 % yearly 1980 - 2021

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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Includes External Debt: % of GDP on 109 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 63.2 2021 yearly 1991 - 2021
Algeria (%) 2.4 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Argentina (%) 56.6 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Armenia (%) 99.9 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Australia (%) 116.1 2021 yearly 1988 - 2021
Austria (%) 163.3 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Azerbaijan (%) 14.9 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2021
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 58.5 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2022
Belgium (%) 258.3 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
Bolivia (%) 38.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 24.4 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Botswana (%) 8.6 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Brazil (%) 35.3 2021 yearly 1992 - 2021
Bulgaria (%) 58.4 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Cambodia (%) 75.1 2021 yearly 2010 - 2021
Canada (%) 135.0 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Chile (%) 75.4 2021 yearly 1971 - 2021
China (%) 15.5 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Colombia (%) 54.5 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Croatia (%) 73.5 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Cyprus (%) 699.5 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Czech Republic (%) 73.2 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Denmark (%) 151.0 2021 yearly 2005 - 2021
Ecuador (%) 54.0 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Egypt (%) 32.6 Jun 2022 quarterly Jun 1999 - Jun 2022
Estonia (%) 84.7 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
European Union (%) 129.4 2021 yearly 2008 - 2021
Finland (%) 208.1 2021 yearly 1991 - 2021
France (%) 256.2 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Georgia (%) 117.7 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Germany (%) 169.4 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Ghana (%) 35.8 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Greece (%) 305.3 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 510.6 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
Hungary (%) 157.7 2021 yearly 2006 - 2021
Iceland (%) 84.8 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021
India (%) 19.9 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Indonesia (%) 35.0 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Iran (%) 0.9 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (%) 681.1 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Israel (%) 32.8 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Italy (%) 138.0 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Ivory Coast (%) 24.0 2018 yearly 1994 - 2018
Japan (%) 97.9 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Jordan (%) 85.7 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Kazakhstan (%) 78.0 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2002 - Jun 2022
Kenya (%) 34.5 2021 yearly 2006 - 2021
South Korea (%) 34.9 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Kosovo (%) 37.4 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
Kuwait (%) 58.5 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 106.1 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Laos (%) 53.8 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Latvia (%) 101.5 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
Lebanon (%) 53.0 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Lithuania (%) 77.0 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Luxembourg (%) 4,874.0 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
North Macedonia (%) 81.4 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Malawi (%) 39.4 2014 yearly 2006 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 70.0 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Malta (%) 620.7 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Mauritius (%) 2,061.8 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Mexico (%) 47.1 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Moldova (%) 65.9 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Mongolia (%) 221.1 2021 yearly 1992 - 2021
Montenegro (%) 203.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Morocco (%) 46.9 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Mozambique (%) 71.7 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Myanmar (%) 16.7 2020 yearly 2018 - 2020
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 412.2 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
New Zealand (%) 87.9 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
Nigeria (%) 8.8 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Norway (%) 151.9 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Pakistan (%) 34.5 2022 yearly 2000 - 2022
Palestinian Territory (%) 12.0 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
Panama (%) 177.4 2021 yearly 2014 - 2021
Paraguay (%) 50.4 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Peru (%) 45.2 2021 yearly 1980 - 2021
Philippines (%) 27.0 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Poland (%) 56.6 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Portugal (%) 190.4 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 56.9 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Russia (%) 27.1 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
Serbia (%) 68.5 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Singapore (%) 448.3 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Slovakia (%) 135.1 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Slovenia (%) 97.3 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
South Africa (%) 38.3 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Spain (%) 192.9 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Sri Lanka (%) 57.7 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Sudan (%) 105.1 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Sweden (%) 170.4 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Switzerland (%) 292.0 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Taiwan (%) 27.5 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Tajikistan (%) 40.6 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Thailand (%) 37.9 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2022
Tunisia (%) 93.1 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Turkey (%) 54.2 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021

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Peru Key Series

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Includes 189 key indicators for Peru, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -0.7 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1990 - Sep 2022
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -2,162.519 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1990 - Sep 2022
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 3,135.110 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 2003 - Oct 2022
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 15.7 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1990 - Sep 2022
National Government Debt (USD mn) 79,749.9 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2022
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 34.4 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2022
Forecast: Government Expenditure (PEN bn) 266.314 2027 yearly 2000 - 2027
Forecast: Government Net Debt (PEN bn) 424.555 2027 yearly 2000 - 2027
Forecast: Government Revenue (PEN bn) 263.580 2027 yearly 2000 - 2027
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 3.027 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Trade Balance (USD mn) 689.5 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 1957 - Sep 2022
Total Exports (USD mn) 5,554.1 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 1985 - Sep 2022
Total Exports Growth (%) -4.6 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 1986 - Sep 2022
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 15,588.929 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 54,614.487 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 7,566.539 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Imports (USD mn) 4,864.7 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 1985 - Sep 2022
Total Imports Growth (%) 16.0 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 1986 - Sep 2022
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 715,311.108 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 498,110.069 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 789.000 Sep 2022 monthly Nov 2003 - Sep 2022
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 1,188.000 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 2004 - Aug 2022
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 1,723.000 Sep 2022 monthly Sep 2003 - Sep 2022
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 1,174.000 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 2004 - Sep 2022
Exports: 2007p (USD th) 3,837,345.34 Apr 2018 monthly Jan 2008 - Apr 2018
Imports: 2007p (USD th) 3,175,235.60 Apr 2018 monthly Jan 2008 - Apr 2018
Exports: Mining: Gold (USD mn) 717.826 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1985 - Jul 2022
Exports: Petroleum: Crude and Derivatives (USD mn) 267.458 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1985 - Jul 2022
Exports: Asia: China (USD mn) 1,723.000 Sep 2022 monthly Sep 2003 - Sep 2022
Exports: Asia: Japan (USD mn) 240.000 Sep 2022 monthly Sep 2003 - Sep 2022
Exports: America: NAFTA: USA (USD mn) 789.000 Sep 2022 monthly Sep 2003 - Sep 2022
Exports: MINCETUR: South Korea (USD mn) 271.00 May 2018 monthly Sep 2003 - May 2018
Imports: MINCETUR: NAFTA: Canada (USD mn) 51.00 May 2018 monthly Sep 2003 - May 2018
Imports: MINCETUR: NAFTA: Mexico (USD mn) 165.00 May 2018 monthly Sep 2003 - May 2018
Imports: MINCETUR: India (USD mn) 89.00 May 2018 monthly Sep 2003 - May 2018
Imports: Food: Main Nourishment (USD mn) 341.223 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 1985 - Sep 2022
Imports: America: NAFTA: USA (USD mn) 1,143.000 Sep 2022 monthly Sep 2003 - Sep 2022
Trade Index: Terms of Trade (2007=100) 98.835 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 1990 - Sep 2022
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 2.4 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1980 - Sep 2022
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -3,661.8 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1977 - Sep 2022
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -6.0 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1980 - Sep 2022
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 2,062.7 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1977 - Sep 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 3.4 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1990 - Sep 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) -414.478 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1980 - Sep 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) -0.7 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1993 - Sep 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) -15.0 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1993 - Sep 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) -399.479 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1993 - Sep 2022
External Debt (USD mn) 101,506.3 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1980 - Sep 2022
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 45.2 2021 yearly 1980 - 2021
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 10,154.2 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1980 - Sep 2022
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 4.2 2021 yearly 1980 - 2021
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -4.364 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) -96,007.313 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1980 - Jun 2022
BoP: Current Account: Services: Debit (USD mn) 3,537.158 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1980 - Sep 2022
BoP: Financial Account: Private Sector: Liabilities: Direct Investment (USD mn) 613.137 Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1980 - Dec 2018
BoP: Net Errors and Omissions (USD mn) -798.108 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1980 - Sep 2022
BoP: Financial Account (USD mn) -6,290.828 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1980 - Sep 2022
BoP: Current Account: Services: Credit (USD mn) 1,359.285 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1980 - Sep 2022
BoP: Current Account: Services (USD mn) -2,177.873 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1980 - Sep 2022
Public External Debt: USD: Net (USD mn) 466.203 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2022
External Liabilities: Medium & Long Term (USD mn) 92,573.273 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1980 - Jun 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock (USD mn) 29,231.778 2021 yearly 1980 - 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: Chile (USD mn) 3,579.538 2021 yearly 1980 - 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: Netherlands (USD mn) 1,105.598 2021 yearly 1980 - 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: Spain (USD mn) 5,222.137 2021 yearly 1980 - 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: United Kingdom (USD mn) 5,423.081 2021 yearly 1980 - 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: USA (USD mn) 3,232.366 2021 yearly 1980 - 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: Finance (USD mn) 5,928.998 2021 yearly 1980 - 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: Communications (USD mn) 5,522.117 2021 yearly 1980 - 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: Energy (USD mn) 3,501.445 2021 yearly 1980 - 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: Industry (USD mn) 3,435.916 2021 yearly 1980 - 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: Mining (USD mn) 6,889.460 2021 yearly 1980 - 2021
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 3.2 Oct 2022 monthly Dec 2004 - Oct 2022
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 16.7 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2001 - Sep 2022
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 70,061.857 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1992 - Oct 2022
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 113,437.199 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1992 - Oct 2022
M2 Growth (%) 2.2 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1993 - Oct 2022
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 6.0 Nov 2022 monthly Apr 1997 - Nov 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 69,354.0 Oct 2022 monthly Dec 1956 - Oct 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 29.247 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1990 - Sep 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 14.3 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 1985 - Sep 2022
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 1,820.000 Oct 2022 monthly Dec 1956 - Oct 2022
Total Deposits (USD mn) 85,114.689 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1998 - Oct 2022
Total Deposits Growth (%) 2.1 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1999 - Oct 2022
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 44,581.2 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1992 - Jul 2022
Domestic Credit Growth (%) -0.2 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1993 - Jul 2022
Household Debt (USD mn) 39,048.5 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Oct 2022
Total Loans (USD mn) 90,761.611 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Oct 2022
Total Loans Growth (%) 5.10 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2022
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 39.65 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1992 - Jun 2022
ORA: Foreign Currency Reserves in Convertible Foreign Currencies (FCR) (USD mn) 68,634.000 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Oct 2022
Official Reserve Assets (ORA) (USD mn) 73,951.000 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Oct 2022
Depository Corporations: Broad Money (PEN mn) 288,389.11 Jun 2018 monthly Jan 1992 - Jun 2018
Banking System: Net Domestic Credit (PEN mn) 116,956.557 Jun 2018 monthly Jan 1992 - Jun 2018
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Business Confidence Growth (% Point) -4.4 Nov 2022 monthly Apr 2003 - Nov 2022
BCRP Forecast: Consumer Price Index: YoY (%) 2.500 2020 yearly 2016 - 2020
Macroeconomic Outlook Survey: Business Confidence Index (Point) 37.931 Nov 2022 monthly Apr 2002 - Nov 2022

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