Peru External Debt: % of GDP

1980 - 2020 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Peru External Debt accounted for 43.3 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2020, compared with the ratio of 34.7 % in the previous year. Peru External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated yearly, available from Dec 1980 to Dec 2020. The data reached an all-time high of 99.2 % in Dec 1985 and a record low of 27.9 % in Dec 2011. CEIC calculates External Debt as % of Nominal GDP from quarterly External Debt and quarterly Nominal GDP. The Central Reserve Bank of Peru provides External Debt in USD and Nominal GDP in local currency. The Central Reserve Bank of Peru average market exchange rate is used for currency conversions. External Debt excludes direct investment and equity liabilities.

In the latest reports of Peru, Current Account recorded a deficit of 2.1 USD bn in Jun 2021. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 455.4 USD mn in Jun 2021. Peru Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 150.9 USD mn in Jun 2021. Its Foreign Portfolio Investment fell by 468.0 USD mn in Jun 2021. The country's External Debt reached 93,270.7 in Mar 2021. The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 59.0 USD bn in Dec 2020.

View Peru's External Debt: % of GDP from 1980 to 2020 in the chart:

Peru External Debt: % of GDP

What was Peru's External Debt: % of GDP in 2020?

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
43.3 2020 34.7 2019 27.9 2011 99.2 1985 % yearly 1980 - 2020

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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Includes External Debt: % of GDP on 108 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 65.5 2020 yearly 1991 - 2020
Algeria (%) 2.2 2019 yearly 1970 - 2019
Argentina (%) 70.7 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Armenia (%) 102.3 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Australia (%) 129.1 2020 yearly 1988 - 2020
Austria (%) 163.3 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Azerbaijan (%) 20.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2020
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 70.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2020
Belgium (%) 268.6 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Bolivia (%) 33.0 2019 yearly 2006 - 2019
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 23.1 2019 yearly 1999 - 2019
Botswana (%) 8.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Brazil (%) 38.4 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
Bulgaria (%) 66.1 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Cambodia (%) 69.9 2020 yearly 2010 - 2020
Canada (%) 142.8 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Chile (%) 82.4 2020 yearly 1971 - 2020
China (%) 16.3 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Colombia (%) 56.7 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Croatia (%) 87.9 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Cyprus (%) 908.4 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Czech Republic (%) 75.5 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Denmark (%) 157.0 2020 yearly 2005 - 2020
Ecuador (%) 57.4 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Egypt (%) 33.9 Sep 2020 quarterly Jun 1999 - Sep 2020
Estonia (%) 90.9 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
European Union (%) 130.0 2020 yearly 2008 - 2020
Finland (%) 225.2 2020 yearly 1991 - 2020
France (%) 261.7 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Georgia (%) 129.6 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Germany (%) 163.7 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Ghana (%) 34.2 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Greece (%) 299.2 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 514.2 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Hungary (%) 160.2 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Iceland (%) 83.5 2020 yearly 1989 - 2020
India (%) 21.1 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Indonesia (%) 39.3 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Iran (%) 1.1 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (%) 701.2 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Israel (%) 32.9 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Italy (%) 140.7 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Ivory Coast (%) 24.0 2018 yearly 1994 - 2018
Japan (%) 92.8 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Jordan (%) 82.1 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Kazakhstan (%) 96.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2020
Kenya (%) 33.1 2019 yearly 2015 - 2019
South Korea (%) 33.3 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Kosovo (%) 37.0 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Kuwait (%) 50.2 2019 yearly 2014 - 2019
Kyrgyzstan (%) 112.9 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Laos (%) 52.6 2019 yearly 1996 - 2019
Latvia (%) 124.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
Lebanon (%) 62.8 2019 yearly 2007 - 2019
Lithuania (%) 74.2 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Luxembourg (%) 5,104.4 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
North Macedonia (%) 80.2 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Malawi (%) 39.4 2014 yearly 2006 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 67.6 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Malta (%) 678.4 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Mauritius (%) 2,062.5 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Mexico (%) 42.8 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Moldova (%) 70.1 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Mongolia (%) 243.1 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
Montenegro (%) 150.5 2019 yearly 2006 - 2019
Morocco (%) 53.6 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Mozambique (%) 71.8 2017 yearly 1985 - 2017
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 443.8 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
New Zealand (%) 90.6 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020
Nigeria (%) 7.8 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Norway (%) 180.1 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Pakistan (%) 41.0 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Palestinian Territory (%) 35.4 2018 yearly 2012 - 2018
Panama (%) 201.9 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Paraguay (%) 53.7 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Peru (%) 43.3 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Philippines (%) 27.2 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Poland (%) 60.3 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Portugal (%) 202.8 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 57.8 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Russia (%) 31.5 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020
Serbia (%) 61.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Singapore (%) 471.3 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Slovakia (%) 121.2 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Slovenia (%) 101.9 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
South Africa (%) 50.8 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Spain (%) 199.4 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Sri Lanka (%) 61.1 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Sudan (%) 120.5 2019 yearly 2001 - 2019
Sweden (%) 164.2 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Switzerland (%) 283.3 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Taiwan (%) 28.4 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Tajikistan (%) 37.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Thailand (%) 36.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2020
Tunisia (%) 100.9 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Turkey (%) 62.8 2020 yearly 1989 - 2020
Ukraine (%) 80.8 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020

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Peru Key Series

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Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -8.4 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1990 - Dec 2020
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -9,132.604 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1990 - Dec 2020
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 3,104.408 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Mar 2021
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 16.8 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1990 - Mar 2021
National Government Debt (USD mn) 71,334.2 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2021
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 35.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
Forecast: Government Expenditure (PEN bn) 222.493 2026 yearly 2000 - 2026
Forecast: Government Net Debt (PEN bn) 402.077 2026 yearly 2000 - 2026
Forecast: Government Revenue (PEN bn) 207.975 2026 yearly 2000 - 2026
Public Debt (PEN mn) 275,171.717 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2021
Public Debt: Domestic: Short Term (ST) (PEN mn) 4,319.861 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2021
Public Debt: Domestic (PEN mn) 137,659.781 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2021
Public Debt: External (PEN mn) 137,511.935 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2021
Public Debt: Domestic: Long Term (LT) (PEN mn) 133,339.920 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2021
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 3.979 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Trade Balance (USD mn) 916.3 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1957 - Jul 2021
Total Exports (USD mn) 4,206.6 Feb 2021 monthly Jan 1985 - Feb 2021
Total Exports Growth (%) 33.3 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1986 - Jul 2021
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 8,397.616 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 50,093.040 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 5,279.902 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Imports (USD mn) 3,975.1 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 1985 - Apr 2021
Total Imports Growth (%) 47.7 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1986 - Jul 2021
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 511,660.131 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 360,949.713 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 491.000 Aug 2019 monthly Nov 2003 - Aug 2019
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 743.000 Aug 2019 monthly Jan 2004 - Aug 2019
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 1,103.000 Aug 2019 monthly Sep 2003 - Aug 2019
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 891.000 Aug 2019 monthly Jan 2004 - Aug 2019
Imports: 2007p (USD th) 3,175,235.60 Apr 2018 monthly Jan 2008 - Apr 2018
Exports: 2007p (USD th) 3,837,345.34 Apr 2018 monthly Jan 2008 - Apr 2018
Exports: Petroleum: Crude and Derivatives (USD mn) 88.997 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1985 - Jul 2021
Exports: Mining: Gold (USD mn) 841.284 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1985 - Jul 2021
Exports: MINCETUR: South Korea (USD mn) 271.00 May 2018 monthly Sep 2003 - May 2018
Imports: MINCETUR: India (USD mn) 89.00 May 2018 monthly Sep 2003 - May 2018
Imports: MINCETUR: NAFTA: Mexico (USD mn) 165.00 May 2018 monthly Sep 2003 - May 2018
Imports: MINCETUR: NAFTA: Canada (USD mn) 51.00 May 2018 monthly Sep 2003 - May 2018
Imports: Food: Main Nourishment (USD mn) 224.472 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1985 - Jul 2021
Trade Index: Terms of Trade (2007=100) 112.777 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1990 - Jul 2021
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 150.9 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1980 - Jun 2021
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -2,103.9 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1977 - Jun 2021
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -3.8 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1980 - Jun 2021
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 455.4 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1977 - Jun 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.8 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1990 - Jun 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) -468.016 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1980 - Jun 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) -0.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1993 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) -66.1 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 1993 - Jun 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) 2,883.756 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 1993 - Jun 2020
External Debt (USD mn) 93,270.7 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1980 - Mar 2021
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 43.3 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 8,845.5 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1980 - Mar 2021
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 4.7 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -5.378 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) -83,144.029 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1980 - Dec 2020
BoP: Financial Account (USD mn) -4,454.015 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1980 - Jun 2021
BoP: Current Account: Services: Credit (USD mn) 780.619 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1980 - Jun 2021
BoP: Current Account: Services (USD mn) -1,551.531 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1980 - Jun 2021
BoP: Current Account: Services: Debit (USD mn) -2,332.150 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1980 - Jun 2021
BoP: Financial Account: Private Sector: Liabilities: Direct Investment (USD mn) 613.137 Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1980 - Dec 2018
BoP: Net Errors and Omissions (USD mn) -1,498.502 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1980 - Jun 2021
IIP: Liabilities (USD mn) 230,957.254 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1980 - Jun 2021
International Investment Position (IIP): Assets (USD mn) 146,523.547 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1980 - Jun 2021
Public External Debt: USD: Net (USD mn) 346.180 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2021
External Liabilities: Medium & Long Term (USD mn) 82,075.447 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1980 - Jun 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: USA (USD mn) 3,232.366 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: Netherlands (USD mn) 1,256.624 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: Chile (USD mn) 3,567.226 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: Spain (USD mn) 5,053.813 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: United Kingdom (USD mn) 4,683.225 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock (USD mn) 27,683.819 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: Communications (USD mn) 5,487.684 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: Industry (USD mn) 3,305.916 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: Energy (USD mn) 3,496.445 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: Finance (USD mn) 4,952.813 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: Mining (USD mn) 6,879.562 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 3.4 Feb 2021 monthly Dec 2004 - Feb 2021
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 17.3 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2001 - Mar 2021
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 69,447.936 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1992 - Jul 2021
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 109,979.279 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1992 - Jul 2021
M2 Growth (%) 27.0 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Mar 2021
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 4.0 Apr 2021 monthly Apr 1997 - Apr 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 68,681.0 Jul 2021 monthly Dec 1956 - Jul 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 31.620 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 1990 - Jun 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 17.1 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1985 - Jul 2021
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 2,021.000 Jul 2021 monthly Dec 1956 - Jul 2021
Total Deposits (USD mn) 83,224.552 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1998 - Jul 2021
Total Deposits Growth (%) 21.4 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Mar 2021
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 43,608.8 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1992 - Jul 2021
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 2.2 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jul 2021
Household Debt (USD mn) 31,852.3 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Jul 2021
Total Loans (USD mn) 86,721.109 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Mar 2021
Total Loans Growth (%) 11.11 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Apr 2021
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 46.40 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1992 - Dec 2020
Official Reserve Assets (ORA) (USD mn) 71,924.000 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Jul 2021
ORA: Foreign Currency Reserves in Convertible Foreign Currencies (FCR) (USD mn) 67,167.000 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Jul 2021
Depository Corporations: Broad Money (PEN mn) 288,389.11 Jun 2018 monthly Jan 1992 - Jun 2018
Banking System: Net Domestic Credit (PEN mn) 116,956.557 Jun 2018 monthly Jan 1992 - Jun 2018
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Business Confidence Growth (% Point) -9.1 Aug 2021 monthly Apr 2003 - Aug 2021
BCRP Forecast: Consumer Price Index: YoY (%) 2.500 2020 yearly 2016 - 2020
Macroeconomic Outlook Survey: Business Confidence Index (Point) 33.564 Aug 2021 monthly Apr 2002 - Aug 2021

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