European Union External Debt: % of GDP

2008 - 2020 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about European Union External Debt: % of GDP

  • European Union External Debt accounted for 130.3 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2020, compared with the ratio of 123.5 % in the previous year.
  • EU External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated yearly, available from Dec 2008 to Dec 2020.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 132.5 % in Dec 2016 and a record low of 112.5 % in Dec 2009.

CEIC calculates External Debt as % of Nominal GDP from quarterly External Debt and quarterly Nominal GDP. European Central Bank provides External Debt in EUR. Eurostat provides Nominal GDP in EUR. External Debt as % of Nominal GDP covers Euro Area 19 only.


Related information about European Union External Debt: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports of EU, Current Account recorded a surplus of 95.4 USD bn in Sep 2021.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) fell by 26.6 USD bn in Sep 2021.
  • EU Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 1.1 USD bn in Sep 2021.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment increased by 82.7 USD bn in Sep 2021.
  • The country's External Debt reached 18,244,685.7 in Jun 2021.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 4,062.8 USD bn in Dec 2020.

View European Union's External Debt: % of GDP from 2008 to 2020 in the chart:

European Union External Debt: % of GDP

What was European Union's External Debt: % of GDP in 2020?

European Union External Debt accounted for 130.3 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2020, compared with the ratio of 123.5 % in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
130.3 2020 123.5 2019 112.5 2009 132.5 2016 % yearly 2008 - 2020

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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Includes External Debt: % of GDP on 108 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 65.4 2020 yearly 1991 - 2020
Algeria (%) 2.2 2019 yearly 1970 - 2019
Argentina (%) 70.7 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Armenia (%) 102.3 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Australia (%) 131.9 2020 yearly 1988 - 2020
Austria (%) 164.9 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Azerbaijan (%) 20.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2020
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 70.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2020
Belgium (%) 261.0 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Bolivia (%) 38.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 25.5 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Botswana (%) 8.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Brazil (%) 38.4 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
Bulgaria (%) 64.6 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Cambodia (%) 69.9 2020 yearly 2010 - 2020
Canada (%) 142.5 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Chile (%) 82.4 2020 yearly 1971 - 2020
China (%) 16.3 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Colombia (%) 56.7 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Croatia (%) 86.0 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Cyprus (%) 908.4 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Czech Republic (%) 75.5 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Denmark (%) 157.7 2020 yearly 2005 - 2020
Ecuador (%) 57.1 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Egypt (%) 33.9 Sep 2020 quarterly Jun 1999 - Sep 2020
Estonia (%) 91.1 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
European Union (%) 130.3 2020 yearly 2008 - 2020
Finland (%) 225.2 2020 yearly 1991 - 2020
France (%) 261.7 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Georgia (%) 130.2 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Germany (%) 163.3 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Ghana (%) 34.2 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Greece (%) 299.1 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 516.0 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Hungary (%) 155.9 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Iceland (%) 83.5 2020 yearly 1989 - 2020
India (%) 21.1 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Indonesia (%) 39.4 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Iran (%) 1.0 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (%) 701.2 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Israel (%) 32.9 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Italy (%) 140.2 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Ivory Coast (%) 24.0 2018 yearly 1994 - 2018
Japan (%) 92.8 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Jordan (%) 82.1 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Kazakhstan (%) 96.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2020
Kenya (%) 33.1 2019 yearly 2015 - 2019
South Korea (%) 33.3 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Kosovo (%) 37.2 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Kuwait (%) 50.5 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 112.9 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Laos (%) 52.6 2019 yearly 1996 - 2019
Latvia (%) 124.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
Lebanon (%) 62.8 2019 yearly 2007 - 2019
Lithuania (%) 75.7 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Luxembourg (%) 5,166.8 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
North Macedonia (%) 80.2 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Malawi (%) 39.4 2014 yearly 2006 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 67.6 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Malta (%) 677.1 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Mauritius (%) 2,062.5 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Mexico (%) 42.8 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Moldova (%) 70.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Mongolia (%) 243.1 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
Montenegro (%) 203.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Morocco (%) 53.6 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Mozambique (%) 71.8 2017 yearly 1985 - 2017
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 443.8 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
New Zealand (%) 89.9 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020
Nigeria (%) 7.8 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Norway (%) 180.9 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Pakistan (%) 41.0 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Palestinian Territory (%) 35.4 2018 yearly 2012 - 2018
Panama (%) 198.0 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Paraguay (%) 53.7 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Peru (%) 43.3 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Philippines (%) 27.2 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Poland (%) 60.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Portugal (%) 205.2 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 57.9 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Russia (%) 31.4 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020
Serbia (%) 61.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Singapore (%) 471.3 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Slovakia (%) 120.5 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Slovenia (%) 101.9 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
South Africa (%) 50.8 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Spain (%) 198.8 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Sri Lanka (%) 61.1 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Sudan (%) 105.1 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Sweden (%) 164.1 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Switzerland (%) 280.2 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Taiwan (%) 28.4 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Tajikistan (%) 37.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Thailand (%) 36.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2020
Tunisia (%) 100.9 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Turkey (%) 60.4 2020 yearly 1989 - 2020
Ukraine (%) 80.8 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020

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Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -6.9 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -1,054,079.114 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 4,006,792.490 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 26.4 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
National Government Debt (USD mn) 14,948,951.4 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2021
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 90.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
BE: General Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 112.800 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
General Govt: Expenditure: EA 19 (EUR mn) 6,129,127.100 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
General Govt: Revenue: EA 19: Production and Import Tax (EUR mn) 1,504,935.500 2018 yearly 1995 - 2018
General Govt: Expenditure: EU 28: Current Taxes on Income Wealth (EUR mn) 3,875.300 2018 yearly 2001 - 2018
General Govt: Revenue: EU 28: Production and Import Tax (EUR mn) 2,129,883.400 2018 yearly 2001 - 2018
General Govt: Expenditure: EA 19: Capital Transfer (EUR mn) 123,173.500 2018 yearly 1995 - 2018
General Govt: Expenditure: EU 28: Capital Transfer (EUR mn) 158,376.700 2018 yearly 2001 - 2018
General Govt: Revenue: EA 19 (EUR mn) 5,307,387.500 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
General Govt: Revenue: EA 19: Current Taxes on Income Wealth and Etc (EUR mn) 1,503,285.600 2018 yearly 1995 - 2018
General Govt: Balance: EA 19 (EUR mn) -821,739.600 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
General Govt: Expenditure: EU 27E: Cur Taxes on Income Wealth & Etc (EUR mn) 2,831.300 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
General Govt: Expenditure: EU 27E: Total (EUR mn) 7,118,592.600 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
General Govt: Balance: EU 27 excl UK (EU 27E) (EUR mn) -922,548.200 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
General Govt: Expenditure: EU 27E: Capital Transfer (EUR mn) 190,315.300 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
General Govt: Revenue: EU 27E: Total (EUR mn) 6,195,215.700 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
General Govt: Revenue: EU 27E: Production and Import Tax (EUR mn) 1,772,304.100 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
SSC: Balance: EU 27 excl UK (EU 27E) (EUR mn) -99,442.000 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Gross Debt: General Government: EU 27 excl UK (EUR mn) 12,617,278.400 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2021
Gross Debt: General Govt: SFD: Long Term: EU 27 excl UK (EUR mn) 9,014,465.800 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Gross Debt: General Govt: SFD: Short Term: EU 27 excl UK (EUR mn) 859,161.200 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
General Government Debt: % of GDP: EU 27 excl UK (%) 90.100 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Trade Balance (USD mn) -4,631.6 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Total Exports (USD mn) 214,613.9 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Total Exports Growth (%) 10.4 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Oct 2021
Total Imports (USD mn) 219,245.6 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Total Imports Growth (%) 32.0 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Oct 2021
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 39,668.897 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2020
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 20,338.964 Feb 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Feb 2021
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 23,940.873 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Mar 2021
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 50,549.817 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Mar 2021
AT: Exports Volume Index: swda (2015=100) 106.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2000 - Sep 2021
AT: Imports Volume Index: swda (2015=100) 105.100 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2000 - Sep 2021
BE: Trade Balance: swda (EUR mn) -539.200 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Oct 2021
Trade Balance: EA 19 (EUR bn) 22.51 Jun 2018 monthly Jan 1999 - Jun 2018
Trade Balance: EU 27E (EUR bn) -4.153 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Exports: EU 27E (EUR bn) 190.725 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Imports: EU 27 excl UK (EU 27E) (EUR bn) 194.879 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Imports: swda: EU 27 excl UK (EU 27E) (EUR bn) 189.005 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Exports: swda: EU 27E (EUR bn) 185.012 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Trade Balance: swda: EU 27E (EUR bn) -3.993 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Exports: EA 19: Machinery and Transport Equipment (EUR bn) 75.377 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Imports: EA 19: Machinery and Transport Equipment (EUR bn) 56.766 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Exports: EA 19: Crude Materials, Inedible Except Fuels (EUR bn) 4.222 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Imports: EA 19: Other Manufactured Products (EUR bn) 43.113 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Imports: EU 28: MP: OP: MG: Iron & Steel (EUR bn) 3.146 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 2000 - Feb 2019
Exports: EU 28: MP: CR: Medicinal & Pharmaceutical (EUR bn) 14.257 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 2000 - Feb 2019
Exports: EU 28: MP: OP: MG: Iron & Steel (EUR bn) 2.838 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 2000 - Feb 2019
Exports: EU 27E: CR: Medicinal & Pharmaceutical (EUR bn) 20.596 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Sep 2021
Exports: EA 19: Other Manufactured Products (EUR bn) 44.525 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Exports: EA 19: Chemicals & Related Products, nes (EUR bn) 34.092 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Imports: EU 28: MP: CR: Medicinal & Pharmaceutical (EUR bn) 7.177 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 2000 - Feb 2019
Imports: EU 27E: MP: OP: MG: Iron & Steel (EUR bn) 3.925 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Sep 2021
Exports: EU 27E: MP: Chemicals & Related Products, nes (CR) (EUR bn) 39.989 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Imports: EU 27E: MP: Chemicals & Related Products, nes (CR) (EUR bn) 23.787 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Imports: EA 19: Crude Materials, Inedible Except Fuels (EUR bn) 6.096 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Imports: EA 19: Chemicals & Related Products, nes (EUR bn) 20.204 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Exports: EA 19: Food, Drink and Tobacco (EUR bn) 13.662 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Imports: EU 27E: CR: Medicinal & Pharmaceutical (EUR bn) 8.619 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Sep 2021
Exports: EU 27E: RM: Crude Materials, Inedible except Fuels (CI) (EUR bn) 5.235 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Imports: EU 27E: RM: Crude Materials, Inedible except Fuels (CI) (EUR bn) 7.494 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Exports: EU 27E: MP: Other Manufactured Products (OP) (EUR bn) 43.423 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Imports: EU 27E: MP: Other Manufactured Products (OP) (EUR bn) 49.591 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Exports: EU 27E: Food, Drink & Tobacco (FT) (EUR bn) 15.810 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Imports: EU 27E: Food, Drink and Tobacco (FT) (FT) (EUR bn) 10.132 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Imports: EA 19: Food, Drink and Tobacco (EUR bn) 10.865 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Exports: EU 27E: MP: OP: MG: Iron & Steel (EUR bn) 3.045 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Sep 2021
Exports: EU 27E: MP: Machinery & Transport Equipment (MT) (EUR bn) 70.312 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Imports: EU 27E: MP: Machinery & Transport Equipment (MT) (EUR bn) 58.166 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Exports: swda: EA 19: Machinery and Transport Equipment (EUR bn) 80.203 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Imports: swda: EA 19: Machinery and Transport Equipment (EUR bn) 60.256 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Imports: swda: EA 19: Crude Materials, Inedible Except Fuels (EUR bn) 6.423 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Exports: swda: EA 19: Other Manufactured Products (EUR bn) 46.325 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Imports: swda: EA 19: Chemicals & Related Products, nes (EUR bn) 20.402 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Imports: swda: EA 19: Food, Drink and Tobacco (EUR bn) 11.856 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Imports: swda: EA 19: Other Manufactured Products (EUR bn) 44.118 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Exports: swda: EU 27E: MP: Chemicals & Related Products, nes (CR) (EUR bn) 39.975 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Imports: swda: EU 27E: MP: Chemicals & Related Products, nes (CR) (EUR bn) 23.805 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Exports: swda: EA 19: Crude Materials, Inedible Except Fuels (EUR bn) 4.127 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Exports: swda: EU 27E: Food, Drink & Tobacco (FT) (EUR bn) 14.745 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Exports: swda: EA 19: Chemicals & Related Products, nes (EUR bn) 35.365 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Exports: swda: EU 27E: RM: Crude Materials, Inedible ex Fuels (CI) (EUR bn) 5.391 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Imports: swda: EU 27E: RM: Crude Materials, Inedible ex Fuels (CI) (EUR bn) 7.517 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Exports: swda: EU 27E: MP: Other Manufactured Products (OP) (EUR bn) 42.086 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Imports: swda: EU 27E: MP: Other Manufactured Products (OP) (EUR bn) 47.994 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Imports: swda: EU 27E: Food, Drink & Tobacco (FT) (EUR bn) 9.948 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Exports: swda: EA 19: Food, Drink and Tobacco (EUR bn) 14.629 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Exports: swda: EU 27E: MP: Machinery & Transport Equipment (MT) (EUR bn) 68.884 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Imports: swda: EU 27E: MP: Machinery & Transport Equipment (MT) (EUR bn) 55.684 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Imports: swda: EU 27E: China: Total (EUR bn) 40.602 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Exports: EU 27E: China: Total (EUR bn) 19.021 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Exports: swda: EU 27E: China: Total (EUR bn) 18.907 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Imports: EU 27 excl UK (EU 27E): China: Total (EUR bn) 42.510 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Imports: EU 27 excl UK (EU 27E): Russia: Total (EUR bn) 16.126 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Imports: swda: EU 27E: Russia: Total (EUR bn) 15.966 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Exports: swda: EU 27E: Russia: Total (EUR bn) 7.183 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Exports: EU 27E: Russia: Total (EUR bn) 7.653 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Exports: swda: EU 27E: Switzerland: Total (EUR bn) 13.171 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Imports: EU 27 excl UK (EU 27E): Switzerland: Total (EUR bn) 11.404 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Imports: swda: EU 27E: Switzerland: Total (EUR bn) 10.949 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Exports: EU 27E: Switzerland: Total (EUR bn) 13.734 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Imports: EU 27 excl UK (EU 27E): Turkey: Total (EUR bn) 7.824 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Exports: EU 27E: Turkey: Total (EUR bn) 6.688 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Exports: swda: EU 27E: Turkey: Total (EUR bn) 6.531 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Imports: swda: EU 27E: Turkey: Total (EUR bn) 7.293 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Exports: EU 27E: United States: Total (EUR bn) 36.018 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Imports: EU 27 excl UK (EU 27E): United States: Total (EUR bn) 20.332 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Imports: swda: EU 27E: United States: Total (EUR bn) 20.135 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Exports: swda: EU 27E: United States: Total (EUR bn) 35.244 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2021
Imports Volume Index: EU27E (2015=100) 113.200 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2021
Imports Unit Value Index: EU27E (2015=100) 120.900 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2021
Exports Unit Value Index: EU27E (2015=100) 114.500 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2021
Exports Volume Index: EU27E (2015=100) 104.800 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2021
Exports Volume Index: swda: EU27E (2015=100) 101.100 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2021
Imports Volume Index: swda: EU27E (2015=100) 109.400 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2021
EVI: EU 27E: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants (2015=100) 128.800 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2021
IVI: EU 27E: Petroleum Products (2015=100) 127.200 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2021
EVI: EU 27E: Food and Live Animals (2015=100) 128.200 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2021
IVI: EU 27E: Crude Materials, Inedible (2015=100) 121.800 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2021
EVI: EU 27E: Machinery and Transport Equipment (2015=100) 89.500 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2021
IVI: EU 27E: Raw Materials (2015=100) 122.700 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2021
EVI: EU 27E: Raw Materials (2015=100) 131.900 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2021
IVI: EU 27E: Manufactured Products (2015=100) 118.200 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2021
EVI: EU 27E: Chemicals & Related Products, nes (2015=100) 134.600 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2021
IVI: EU 27E: Machinery and Transport Equipment (2015=100) 118.500 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2021
EVI: swda: EU 27E: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants (2015=100) 107.200 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2021
IVI: swda: EU 27E: Crude Materials, Inedible (2015=100) 111.600 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2021
EVI: swda: EU 27E: Crude Materials, Inedible (2015=100) 129.600 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2021
IVI: swda: EU 27E: Beverages and Tobacco (2015=100) 90.200 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2021
EVI: swda: EU 27E: Machinery and Transport Equipment (2015=100) 85.600 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2021
IVI: swda: EU 27E: Petroleum Products (2015=100) 85.800 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2021
EVI: swda: EU 27E: Raw Materials (2015=100) 129.200 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2021
IVI: swda: EU 27E: Raw Materials (2015=100) 113.600 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2021
EVI: swda: EU 27E: Chemicals & Related Products, nes (2015=100) 132.900 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2021
IVI: swda: EU 27E: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants (2015=100) 96.200 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2021
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 15,014.1 Oct 2021 monthly Apr 1999 - Oct 2021
Current Account Balance (USD mn) 95,448.6 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2021
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) 2.2 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2021
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) -6,588.9 Oct 2021 monthly Apr 1999 - Oct 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) -1.4 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 82,747.402 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) -8.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) 30,405.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) -342,509.323 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
External Debt (USD mn) 18,244,685.7 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Jun 2021
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 130.3 2020 yearly 2008 - 2020
Total Debt: % of GDP (%) 732.5 2019 yearly 2001 - 2019
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) 111,439.630 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
BOP: EU27E: Current Account: Services (EUR bn) 4.385 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: FA: Portfolio Investment (PI) (EUR bn) 123.204 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Credit: Current Account: Secondary Income (EUR bn) 24.371 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Debit: Current Account (EUR bn) 946.312 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Debit: Capital Account (EUR bn) 17.383 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Debit: FA: PI: Debt Securities (EUR bn) -60.849 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Current Account: Services (EUR bn) 12.124 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Credit: Current Account: Services (EUR bn) 261.210 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Debit: Current Account: Services (EUR bn) 249.086 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Current Account: Goods (EUR bn) 91.994 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Credit: Current Account: Goods (EUR bn) 569.427 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Credit: Financial Account: Direct Investment (EUR bn) -62.153 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Debit: Current Account: Primary Income (EUR bn) 162.355 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Debit: FA: Portfolio Investment (EUR bn) 35.075 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Current Account: Primary Income (EUR bn) 10.779 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Credit: Current Account: Primary Income (EUR bn) 187.329 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Debit: Current Account: Primary Income (EUR bn) 176.550 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Current and Capital Account (EUR bn) 95.277 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Financial Account: Direct Investment (DI) (EUR bn) 167.086 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Credit: Current Account: Primary Income (EUR bn) 190.739 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Credit: FA: Portfolio Investment (EUR bn) 158.279 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Debit: Current Account: Secondary Income (EUR bn) 44.582 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Debit: FA: PI: Equity & Investment Fund (EUR bn) 95.930 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Current Account: Secondary Income (EUR bn) -15.452 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Credit: Current Account: Secondary Income (EUR bn) 24.902 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Debit: Current Account: Secondary Income (EUR bn) 40.353 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Capital Account (EUR bn) -9.274 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Credit: Current Account (EUR bn) 1,050.863 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Credit: Capital Account (EUR bn) 8.108 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Debit: Current and Capital Account (EUR bn) 963.694 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Debit: Current Account: Services (EUR bn) 261.941 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Current Account (EUR bn) 90.896 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Credit: Current Account (EUR bn) 1,029.929 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Debit: Current Account (EUR bn) 939.032 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Current Account: Primary Income (EUR bn) 28.383 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Credit: Current and Capital Account (EUR bn) 1,058.971 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Credit: Current Account: Services (EUR bn) 266.326 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Debit: Current Account: Goods (EUR bn) 477.433 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Debit: Financial Account: Direct Investment (EUR bn) -229.238 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Current Account: Goods (EUR bn) 83.445 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Credit: Current Account: Goods (EUR bn) 556.488 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Debit: Current Account: Goods (EUR bn) 473.043 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EA 19: CA: Services: Credit (EUR bn) 89.072 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Oct 2021
BOP: EA 19: CA: Services: Debit (EUR bn) 73.764 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Oct 2021
BOP: EA 19: CA: Services (EUR bn) 15.308 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Oct 2021
FDI: Flow: Outward: EU 27E: Netherlands (EUR mn) -78,855.000 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
FDI: Flow: Outward: EU 27E: Luxembourg (EUR mn) 43,077.300 2019 yearly 2015 - 2019
FDI: Flow: Outward: EU 27E: America: United States (EUR mn) -27,907.000 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
FDI: Flow: Outward: EU 27E: EU 27E (EUR mn) 11,652.000 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
FDI: Flow: Outward: EU 27E: Belgium (EUR mn) -14,637.900 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
FDI: Flow: Outward: EU 27E: United Kingdom (EUR mn) -14,510.100 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
FDI: Flow: Inward: EU 27E: France (EUR mn) 1,397.200 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
FDI: Flow: Inward: EU 27E: Belgium (EUR mn) -8,899.500 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
FDI: Flow: Inward: EU 27E: Luxembourg (EUR mn) -66,739.700 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
FDI: Flow: Inward: EU 27E: America: United States (EUR mn) 10,346.300 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
FDI: Flow: Inward: EU 27E: EU 27E (EUR mn) 24,144.400 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
FDI: Flow: Inward: EU 27E: Germany (EUR mn) 71,614.400 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
FDI: Flow: Outward: EU 27E: Manufacturing (EUR mn) 176,999.100 2017 yearly 2016 - 2017
FDI: Flow: Outward: EU 27E: Mining and Quarrying (EUR mn) -5,177.000 2017 yearly 2016 - 2017
FDI: Flow: Outward: EU 27E: Information and Communication (EUR mn) 56,970.400 2017 yearly 2016 - 2017
FDI: Flow: Outward: EU 27E: Financial and Insurance Activities (EUR mn) -37,684.600 2017 yearly 2016 - 2017
FDI: Flow: Outward: EU 27E: Wholesale and Retail Trade (EUR mn) -11,669.100 2017 yearly 2016 - 2017
FDI: Flow: Inward: EU 27E: Information and Communication (EUR mn) 8,020.900 2017 yearly 2016 - 2017
FDI: Flow: Inward: EU 27E: Wholesale and Retail Trade (EUR mn) 53,419.400 2017 yearly 2016 - 2017
FDI: Flow: Inward: EU 27E: Professional, Scientific and Tech Activ (EUR mn) 10,202.500 2017 yearly 2016 - 2017
FDI: Flow: Inward: EU 27E: Administrative and Support Service Activ (EUR mn) -2,319.100 2017 yearly 2016 - 2017
FDI: Flow: Inward: EU 27E: Financial and Insurance Activities (EUR mn) 137,137.400 2017 yearly 2016 - 2017
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 3.7 2017 yearly 2008 - 2017
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 54.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Sep 1997 - Dec 2020
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 12,839,919.766 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Oct 2021
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 16,462,026.209 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Nov 2021
M2 Growth (%) 7.1 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1981 - Nov 2021
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 1.0 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Apr 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 315,927.6 Oct 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Oct 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 2.276 Sep 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Sep 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 1.3 Oct 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Oct 2021
Total Deposits (USD mn) 16,762,478.721 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Oct 2021
Total Deposits Growth (%) 7.7 Mar 2021 monthly Sep 1998 - Mar 2021
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 25,210,520.0 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Sep 2021
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 3.5 Sep 2021 monthly Sep 1998 - Sep 2021
Household Debt (USD mn) 7,322,723.9 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Oct 2021
Total Loans (USD mn) 19,692,185.331 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Mar 2021
Total Loans Growth (%) -0.15 Apr 2021 monthly Sep 1998 - Apr 2021
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 95.70 Dec 2020 quarterly Sep 1997 - Dec 2020
Money Supply M1: swda: Outstanding (EUR bn) 11,155.921 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1980 - Nov 2021
Money Supply M3: Outstanding (EUR bn) 15,414.003 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1970 - Nov 2021
Money Supply M2: swda: Outstanding (EUR bn) 14,584.944 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1980 - Nov 2021
Money Supply M2: Outstanding (EUR bn) 14,605.951 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1980 - Nov 2021
Money Supply M1: Outstanding (EUR bn) 11,193.715 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1970 - Nov 2021
Money Supply M3: swda: Outstanding (EUR bn) 15,390.560 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1980 - Nov 2021
Eurosystem: Official Reserve Assets (ORA) (EUR bn) 1,019.305 Oct 2021 monthly Nov 1999 - Oct 2021
Eurosystem: ORA: Foreign Currency Reserves (FCR) (EUR bn) 273.449 Oct 2021 monthly Nov 1999 - Oct 2021
MFIs Loans: Outstanding: Non Financial Sector (EUR bn) 4,786.068 Oct 2021 monthly Sep 1997 - Oct 2021
MFIs Loans: Outstanding: Households: HP: Over 5 Years (EUR bn) 4,296.809 Jan 2019 monthly Sep 1997 - Jan 2019
MFIs Loans: Outstanding: Households: Consumer Credit (CS) (EUR bn) 686.042 Jan 2019 monthly Sep 1997 - Jan 2019
MFIs Deposits: Outstanding: Non Financial Corp (NFC) (EUR bn) 3,308.559 Oct 2021 monthly Sep 1997 - Oct 2021
MFIs Deposits: Outstanding: Households (EUR bn) 8,687.984 Oct 2021 monthly Sep 1997 - Oct 2021
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Business Confidence Growth (% Point) 20.3 Dec 2021 monthly Jan 1986 - Dec 2021
BE: Industrial Confidence Indicator (ICI): sa: NACE 2 (% Point) 6.200 Dec 2021 monthly Jan 1985 - Dec 2021
Construction Confidence Indicator (CCI): sa: EU 27 excl UK (EU 27E) (% Point) -15.900 Apr 2020 monthly Jan 1985 - Apr 2020
Business Climate Indicator: sa: Euro Area 19 (NA) 1.840 Dec 2021 monthly Jan 1985 - Dec 2021
Economic Sentiment Index: sa: EU 27 excl UK (NA) 65.800 Apr 2020 monthly Jan 1985 - Apr 2020
Industrial Confidence Indicator (ICI): sa: EA 19 (% Point) 5.80 Jul 2018 monthly Jan 1985 - Jul 2018
Industrial Confidence Indicator (ICI): sa: EU 27 excl UK (EU 27E) (% Point) -30.600 Apr 2020 monthly Jan 1985 - Apr 2020
Service Confidence Indicator (SCI): sa: Euro Area 19 (% Point) 15.30 Jul 2018 monthly Jan 1996 - Jul 2018
Service Confidence Indicator (SCI): sa: EU 27 excl UK (EU 27E) (% Point) -35.400 Apr 2020 monthly Oct 1996 - Apr 2020
Eurocoin Leading Indicator (Number) 0.210 Dec 2021 monthly Dec 2019 - Dec 2021

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