Panama External Debt: % of GDP

2014 - 2021 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about Panama External Debt: % of GDP

  • Panama External Debt accounted for 177.4 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2021, compared with the ratio of 198.0 % in the previous year.
  • Panama External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated yearly, available from Dec 2014 to Dec 2021.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 198.0 % in Dec 2020 and a record low of 147.6 % in Dec 2017.

CEIC calculates External Debt as % of Nominal GDP from quarterly External Debt and annual Nominal GDP. World Bank provides External Debt in USD. The National Institute of Statistics and Census provides Nominal GDP in local currency based on benchmark year 2007. The International Monetary Fund average market exchange rate is used for currency conversions.


Related information about Panama External Debt: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports of Panama, Current Account recorded a deficit of 292.6 USD mn in Mar 2022.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 716.1 USD mn in Mar 2022.
  • Panama Direct Investment Abroad fell by 31.1 USD mn in Mar 2022.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment increased by 2.5 USD bn in Mar 2022.
  • The country's External Debt reached 35,476.1 in Jul 2022.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 17.6 USD bn in Mar 2022.

View Panama's External Debt: % of GDP from 2014 to 2021 in the chart:

Panama External Debt: % of GDP

What was Panama's External Debt: % of GDP in 2021?

Panama External Debt accounted for 177.4 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2021, compared with the ratio of 198.0 % in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
177.4 2021 198.0 2020 147.6 2017 198.0 2020 % yearly 2014 - 2021

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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Includes External Debt: % of GDP on 108 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 63.1 2021 yearly 1991 - 2021
Algeria (%) 2.4 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Argentina (%) 56.6 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Armenia (%) 99.9 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Australia (%) 116.1 2021 yearly 1988 - 2021
Austria (%) 161.7 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Azerbaijan (%) 14.9 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2021
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 58.5 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2022
Belgium (%) 258.0 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
Bolivia (%) 38.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 25.5 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Botswana (%) 8.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Brazil (%) 35.3 2021 yearly 1992 - 2021
Bulgaria (%) 61.8 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Cambodia (%) 75.1 2021 yearly 2010 - 2021
Canada (%) 135.9 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Chile (%) 75.4 2021 yearly 1971 - 2021
China (%) 15.5 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Colombia (%) 54.6 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Croatia (%) 74.6 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Cyprus (%) 822.3 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Czech Republic (%) 73.2 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Denmark (%) 149.9 2021 yearly 2005 - 2021
Ecuador (%) 54.1 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Egypt (%) 34.6 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 1999 - Mar 2022
Estonia (%) 84.7 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
European Union (%) 130.0 2021 yearly 2008 - 2021
Finland (%) 205.9 2021 yearly 1991 - 2021
France (%) 256.2 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Georgia (%) 117.5 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Germany (%) 170.3 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Ghana (%) 35.6 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Greece (%) 304.3 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 510.6 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
Hungary (%) 155.5 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Iceland (%) 84.8 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021
India (%) 19.9 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Indonesia (%) 35.1 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Iran (%) 1.0 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (%) 688.8 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Israel (%) 32.8 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Italy (%) 137.6 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Ivory Coast (%) 24.0 2018 yearly 1994 - 2018
Japan (%) 97.9 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Jordan (%) 86.6 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Kazakhstan (%) 81.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2002 - Mar 2022
Kenya (%) 35.3 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
South Korea (%) 34.9 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Kosovo (%) 38.1 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
Kuwait (%) 58.5 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 106.1 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Laos (%) 53.8 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Latvia (%) 107.8 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
Lebanon (%) 53.0 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Lithuania (%) 76.6 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Luxembourg (%) 4,791.4 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
North Macedonia (%) 81.4 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Malawi (%) 39.4 2014 yearly 2006 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 70.0 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Malta (%) 633.5 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Mauritius (%) 2,062.5 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Mexico (%) 47.0 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Moldova (%) 65.9 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Mongolia (%) 221.1 2021 yearly 1992 - 2021
Montenegro (%) 203.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Morocco (%) 46.9 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Mozambique (%) 71.7 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 412.2 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
New Zealand (%) 87.1 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
Nigeria (%) 8.8 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Norway (%) 154.4 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Pakistan (%) 34.5 2022 yearly 2000 - 2022
Palestinian Territory (%) 12.0 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
Panama (%) 177.4 2021 yearly 2014 - 2021
Paraguay (%) 50.4 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Peru (%) 45.2 2021 yearly 1980 - 2021
Philippines (%) 27.0 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Poland (%) 56.5 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Portugal (%) 193.3 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 56.0 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Russia (%) 27.1 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
Serbia (%) 68.5 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Singapore (%) 448.3 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Slovakia (%) 137.0 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Slovenia (%) 97.7 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
South Africa (%) 38.1 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Spain (%) 193.3 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Sri Lanka (%) 57.7 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Sudan (%) 105.1 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Sweden (%) 169.6 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Switzerland (%) 287.3 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Taiwan (%) 27.6 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Tajikistan (%) 40.6 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Thailand (%) 38.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Mar 2022
Tunisia (%) 100.9 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Turkey (%) 54.2 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021
Ukraine (%) 64.8 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021

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Panama Key Series

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Includes 193 key indicators for Panama, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -5.5 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -3,522.800 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 595.308 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1995 - Jun 2022
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 7.8 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2007 - Mar 2022
National Government Debt (USD mn) 42,939.2 Jul 2022 monthly Jul 2004 - Jul 2022
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 64.6 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2007 - Mar 2022
Forecast: Government Expenditure (PAB bn) 22.756 2027 yearly 1994 - 2027
Forecast: Government Net Debt (PAB bn) 50.211 2027 yearly 1994 - 2027
Forecast: Government Revenue (PAB bn) 21.252 2027 yearly 1994 - 2027
Central Government Revenue: Current Revenue: Tax (PAB th) 595,308.240 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1995 - Jun 2022
Central Government Revenue: Current Revenue (PAB th) 682,407.462 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1995 - Jun 2022
Central Government Revenue: Current Revenue: Tax: Direct: Total (PAB th) 399,718.175 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1995 - Jun 2022
Central Government Operations: Total Revenue (PAB th) 14,982,531.373 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Central Government Operations: Total Expenditure (PAB th) 14,982,531.373 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
CGO: Expenditure: Current (USD mn) 8,921.000 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
CGO: Expenditure: Capital (USD mn) 2,877.800 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
CGO: Overall Balance, Accrual Basis (USD mn) -4,007.800 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
Public Debt: Domestic (USD mn) 7,463.105 Jul 2022 monthly Jul 2004 - Jul 2022
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 5.996 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Trade Balance (USD mn) -971.0 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1964 - Jun 2022
Total Exports (USD mn) 391.5 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2000 - Jun 2022
Total Exports Growth (%) -6.9 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Jun 2022
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 6,565.346 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 1,464,149.845 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 155,615.515 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Imports (USD mn) 1,362.6 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2000 - Jun 2022
Total Imports Growth (%) 52.0 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Jun 2022
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 900,612.720 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 316,198.972 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 8.421 May 2022 monthly Jan 1970 - May 2022
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 474.179 May 2022 monthly Jan 1967 - May 2022
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 370.063 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 234.979 May 2022 monthly Mar 1989 - May 2022
Exports: FOB: Prawn (PAB th) 5,830.583 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2000 - Jun 2022
Exports: FOB (PAB th) 391,516.552 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2000 - Jun 2022
Exports: FOB: Seafood Products (PAB th) 3,962.518 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - Jun 2022
Exports: FOB: Banana (PAB th) 8,582.393 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2000 - Jun 2022
Exports: FOB: Asia: Rest of Asia: Taiwan (PAB th) 19,716.000 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Exports: FOB: Asia: Rest of Asia: South Korea (PAB th) 136,247.000 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Exports: FOB: America: NAFTA: Mexico (PAB th) 20,957.000 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Exports: FOB: Asia: Rest of Asia: China (PAB th) 370,063.000 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Exports: FOB: Raw Wood (PAB th) 7,428.13 Apr 2018 monthly Jan 2017 - Apr 2018
Exports: FOB: Waste & Scrap of Steel, Copper & Aluminum (PAB th) 6,147.94 Apr 2018 monthly Jan 2017 - Apr 2018
Imports: CIF: Asia: Rest of Asia: China (PAB th) 851,030.000 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Imports: CIF: America: LAIA: MERCOSUR: Brazil (PAB th) 123,450.000 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Imports: CIF: America: NAFTA: USA (PAB th) 2,070,087.000 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Imports: CIF: Asia: Rest of Asia: Taiwan (PAB th) 35,242.000 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Imports: CIF: Asia: ASEAN: Thailand (PAB th) 68,032.000 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) -31.1 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -292.6 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Mar 2022
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -1.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2007 - Mar 2022
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 716.1 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Mar 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 4.1 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2007 - Mar 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 2,500.336 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 14.2 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2007 - Mar 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) 0.0 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) 2,500.336 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
External Debt (USD mn) 35,476.1 Jul 2022 monthly Jul 2004 - Jul 2022
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 177.4 2021 yearly 2014 - 2021
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 39,768.7 Dec 2021 quarterly Sep 2014 - Dec 2021
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 62.5 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -2.741 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) -69,051.398 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2002 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: Goods: Credit (PAB mn) 4,343.495 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: Income (PAB mn) -944.264 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: Capital Account: Debit (PAB mn) 0.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment: Liabilities (PAB mn) 2,500.336 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: Goods: Debit (PAB mn) -6,283.468 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: Income: Credit (PAB mn) 459.798 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: Financing: Reserve Assets (PAB mn) -804.563 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: Net Errors and Omissions (PAB mn) -2,327.216 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: Services (PAB mn) 2,547.918 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: Income: Debit (PAB mn) -1,404.061 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: Financial Account (FA) (PAB mn) 3,242.985 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: Goods (PAB mn) -1,939.973 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: Services: Debit (PAB mn) -1,357.178 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: Capital Account: Credit (PAB mn) 1.078 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment: Assets (PAB mn) -367.379 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
Balance of Payment (BoP): Current Account (CA) (PAB mn) -292.561 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: Services: Credit (PAB mn) 3,905.096 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: Capital Account (PAB mn) 1.078 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: FA: Direct Investment (PAB mn) 747.215 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
IIP: Assets (USD mn) 84,930.540 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2015 - Mar 2022
International Investment Position (IIP) (USD mn) -69,051.398 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2015 - Mar 2022
IIP: Liabilities (USD mn) 153,981.938 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2015 - Mar 2022
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) (PAB mn) 716.082 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 1.7 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 2008 - Jul 2022
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 44.0 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2007 - Mar 2022
Non-Performing Loans (USD mn) 1,390.322 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 2008 - Jul 2022
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 9,522.170 Jun 2022 monthly Dec 2002 - Jun 2022
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 38,640.980 Jun 2022 monthly Dec 2002 - Jun 2022
M2 Growth (%) 5.3 Jun 2022 monthly Dec 2003 - Jun 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 7,651.6 Sep 2021 monthly Oct 1969 - Sep 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 12.674 Sep 2021 quarterly Dec 2007 - Sep 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 7.5 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2000 - Sep 2021
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 0.000 Sep 2021 monthly Sep 1969 - Sep 2021
Total Deposits (USD mn) 97,302.441 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1998 - Jul 2022
Total Deposits Growth (%) 3.1 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1999 - Jul 2022
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 56,848.9 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 2001 - Jul 2022
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 4.5 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 2002 - Jul 2022
Household Debt (USD mn) 29,551.2 Jul 2022 monthly Oct 2005 - Jul 2022
Total Loans (USD mn) 83,183.982 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1998 - Jul 2022
Total Loans Growth (%) 12.82 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1999 - Jul 2022
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 80.20 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2007 - Mar 2022
Money Supply: M3 (PAB mn) 38,640.980 Jun 2022 monthly Dec 2002 - Jun 2022

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