China External Debt: % of GDP

1985 - 2021 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about China External Debt: % of GDP

  • China External Debt accounted for 15.5 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2021, compared with the ratio of 16.3 % in the previous year.
  • China External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated yearly, available from Dec 1985 to Dec 2021.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 17.0 % in Dec 2014 and a record low of 5.1 % in Dec 1985.

CEIC calculates External Debt as % of Nominal GDP from annual External Debt and annual Nominal GDP. The State Administration of Foreign Exchange provides External Debt in USD. The National Bureau of Statistics provides Nominal GDP in local currency. Federal Reserve Board average market exchange rate is used for currency conversions.


Related information about China External Debt: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports of China, Current Account recorded a surplus of 80.2 USD bn in Jun 2022.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 47.7 USD bn in Jun 2022.
  • China Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 32.7 USD bn in Jun 2022.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment fell by 38.7 USD bn in Mar 2022.
  • The country's External Debt reached 2,710,200.0 in Mar 2022.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 4,425.6 USD bn in Jun 2022.

View China's External Debt: % of GDP from 1985 to 2021 in the chart:

China External Debt: % of GDP

What was China's External Debt: % of GDP in 2021?

China External Debt accounted for 15.5 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2021, compared with the ratio of 16.3 % in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
15.5 2021 16.3 2020 5.1 1985 17.0 2014 % yearly 1985 - 2021

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 63.1 2021 yearly 1991 - 2021
Algeria (%) 2.4 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Argentina (%) 56.6 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Armenia (%) 99.9 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Australia (%) 116.1 2021 yearly 1988 - 2021
Austria (%) 161.7 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Azerbaijan (%) 14.9 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2021
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 58.5 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2022
Belgium (%) 258.0 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
Bolivia (%) 38.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 25.5 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Botswana (%) 8.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Brazil (%) 35.3 2021 yearly 1992 - 2021
Bulgaria (%) 61.8 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Cambodia (%) 75.1 2021 yearly 2010 - 2021
Canada (%) 135.9 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Chile (%) 75.4 2021 yearly 1971 - 2021
China (%) 15.5 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Colombia (%) 54.6 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Croatia (%) 74.6 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Cyprus (%) 822.3 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Czech Republic (%) 73.2 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Denmark (%) 149.9 2021 yearly 2005 - 2021
Ecuador (%) 54.1 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Egypt (%) 34.6 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 1999 - Mar 2022
Estonia (%) 84.7 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
European Union (%) 130.0 2021 yearly 2008 - 2021
Finland (%) 205.9 2021 yearly 1991 - 2021
France (%) 256.2 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Georgia (%) 117.5 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Germany (%) 170.3 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Ghana (%) 35.6 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Greece (%) 304.3 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 510.6 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
Hungary (%) 155.5 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Iceland (%) 84.8 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021
India (%) 19.9 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Indonesia (%) 35.1 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Iran (%) 1.0 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (%) 688.8 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Israel (%) 32.8 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Italy (%) 137.6 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Ivory Coast (%) 24.0 2018 yearly 1994 - 2018
Japan (%) 97.9 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Jordan (%) 86.6 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Kazakhstan (%) 81.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2002 - Mar 2022
Kenya (%) 35.3 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
South Korea (%) 34.9 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Kosovo (%) 38.1 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
Kuwait (%) 58.5 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 106.1 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Laos (%) 53.8 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Latvia (%) 107.8 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
Lebanon (%) 53.0 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Lithuania (%) 76.6 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Luxembourg (%) 4,791.4 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
North Macedonia (%) 81.4 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Malawi (%) 39.4 2014 yearly 2006 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 70.0 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Malta (%) 633.5 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Mauritius (%) 2,062.5 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Mexico (%) 47.0 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Moldova (%) 65.9 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Mongolia (%) 221.1 2021 yearly 1992 - 2021
Montenegro (%) 203.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Morocco (%) 46.9 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Mozambique (%) 71.7 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 412.2 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
New Zealand (%) 87.1 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
Nigeria (%) 8.8 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Norway (%) 154.4 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Pakistan (%) 34.5 2022 yearly 2000 - 2022
Palestinian Territory (%) 12.0 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
Panama (%) 177.4 2021 yearly 2014 - 2021
Paraguay (%) 50.4 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Peru (%) 45.2 2021 yearly 1980 - 2021
Philippines (%) 27.0 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Poland (%) 56.5 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Portugal (%) 193.3 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 56.0 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Russia (%) 27.1 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
Serbia (%) 68.5 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Singapore (%) 448.3 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Slovakia (%) 137.0 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Slovenia (%) 97.7 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
South Africa (%) 38.1 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Spain (%) 193.3 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Sri Lanka (%) 57.7 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Sudan (%) 105.1 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Sweden (%) 169.6 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Switzerland (%) 287.3 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Taiwan (%) 27.6 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Tajikistan (%) 40.6 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Thailand (%) 38.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Mar 2022
Tunisia (%) 100.9 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Turkey (%) 54.2 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021
Ukraine (%) 64.8 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021

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Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -6.0 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 1995 - Jun 2022
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) 28,150.612 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1995 - Jul 2022
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 253,934.553 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1995 - Jul 2022
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 11.3 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Jun 2022
National Government Debt (USD mn) 3,651,528.3 2021 yearly 2005 - 2021
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 19.9 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2014 - Mar 2022
Forecast: Government Expenditure (RMB bn) 57,711.343 2027 yearly 1982 - 2027
Forecast: Government Net Debt (RMB bn) 166,557.463 2027 yearly 1995 - 2027
Forecast: Government Revenue (RMB bn) 45,834.246 2027 yearly 1982 - 2027
Foreign Debts: Qtr: Long Term (USD mn) 1,281,300.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 2003 - Mar 2022
Foreign Debts: Qtr: Total (USD mn) 2,710,200.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 2003 - Mar 2022
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 3.685 2027 yearly 1998 - 2027
Export to Import Ratio (%) 133.707 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 1992 - Aug 2022
Trade Balance (USD mn) 79,393.3 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 1981 - Aug 2022
Total Exports (USD mn) 314,920.5 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 1992 - Aug 2022
Total Exports Growth (%) 28.1 Oct 2021 monthly May 2009 - Oct 2021
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 19,463,488.234 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 6,610,954.572 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 41,875,870.597 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Imports (USD mn) 235,527.2 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 1992 - Aug 2022
Total Imports Growth (%) 20.8 Oct 2021 monthly May 2009 - Oct 2021
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 24,726,485.525 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 17,908,164.342 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 49,774.846 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 1981 - Aug 2022
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 13,002.038 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 1981 - Aug 2022
Trade Index: Import: Value (Prev Year=100) 107.411 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2005 - Jul 2022
Trade Index: Export: Quantum (Prev Year=100) 108.348 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2005 - Jul 2022
Trade Index: Export: Unit Value (Prev Year=100) 114.350 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2005 - Jul 2022
Trade Index: Import: Unit Value (Prev Year=100) 115.630 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2005 - Jul 2022
Trade Index: Export: Value (Prev Year=100) 123.896 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2005 - Jul 2022
Trade Index: Import: Quantum (Prev Year=100) 92.892 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2005 - Jul 2022
Automobile: Exports: MC: Sedan (USD mn) 631.198 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2003 - Jul 2022
Automobile: Exports: Motorcycle (USD mn) 691.225 Jul 2022 monthly Mar 2003 - Jul 2022
Automobile: Exports: Total (USD mn) 14,083.389 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2003 - Jul 2022
Automobile: Exports: MC: Bus (USD mn) 1,139.753 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2003 - Jul 2022
Automobile: Imports: Total (USD mn) 6,952.998 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2003 - Jul 2022
Imports: Other, Apparatus Based on the Use of X-rays for Medical (USD th) 66,760.689 Mar 2018 monthly Jan 2003 - Mar 2018
Imports: Computed Tomography Apparatus (USD th) 92,098.563 Mar 2018 monthly Jan 2003 - Mar 2018
Exports: Massage Apparatus (USD th) 172,419.213 Mar 2018 monthly Jan 2003 - Mar 2018
Exports: Adhesive Plasters (USD th) 45,585.795 Mar 2018 monthly Jan 2003 - Mar 2018
Exports: Other Needles, Catheters, Cannulae and the Like (USD th) 96,906.178 Mar 2018 monthly Jan 2003 - Mar 2018
Imports: Other Needles, Catheters, Cannulae and the Like (USD th) 152,633.684 Mar 2018 monthly Jan 2003 - Mar 2018
CN: Steel: Import: Steel Product: Rod & Bar (Ton th) 78.942 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - Jul 2022
CN: Steel: Import: Steel Product: Sheet & Plate (Ton th) 644.477 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - Jul 2022
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 32,700.0 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Jun 2022
Current Account Balance (USD mn) 80,200.0 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Jun 2022
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) 1.8 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Jun 2022
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 47,700.0 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Jun 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 1.1 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Jun 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) -38,689.187 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Mar 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) -0.9 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Mar 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) -6,795.8 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Mar 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) -31,893.428 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Mar 2022
External Debt (USD mn) 2,710,200.0 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 2003 - Mar 2022
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 15.5 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 1,428,900.0 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 2003 - Mar 2022
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 8.2 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) 120.073 2027 yearly 1997 - 2027
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) 1,943,975.795 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2011 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: Debit (USD mn) -894,700.000 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Jun 2022
BoP: CA: Services: Credit (USD mn) 91,000.000 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Jun 2022
BoP: CA: Secondary Income (USD mn) 5,400.000 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Jun 2022
BoP: Current Account (CA) (USD mn) 80,200.000 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Jun 2022
BoP: CA: Goods: Import (USD mn) -664,900.000 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Jun 2022
BoP: CA: Primary Income: Credit (USD mn) 34,100.000 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Jun 2022
BoP: Capital Account (USD mn) -248.016 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Mar 2022
BoP: FA: Liability (USD mn) 40,153.976 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Mar 2022
BoP: Net Errors and Omissions (USD mn) 364.675 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: Goods (USD mn) 175,700.000 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Jun 2022
BoP: CA: Services: Debit (USD mn) -112,100.000 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Jun 2022
BoP: CA: Secondary Income: Credit (USD mn) 11,800.000 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Jun 2022
BoP: Financial Account (FA) (USD mn) -80,300.000 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Jun 2022
BoP: FA: Non-reserve: Liability (USD mn) 40,153.976 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: Goods: Export (USD mn) 840,600.000 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Jun 2022
BoP: CA: Primary Income (USD mn) -79,800.000 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Jun 2022
BoP: CA: Secondary Income: Debit (USD mn) -6,300.000 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Jun 2022
BoP: FA: Asset (USD mn) -129,145.493 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Mar 2022
BoP: FA: Reserve Asset (USD mn) 19,000.000 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Jun 2022
BoP: CA: Credit (USD mn) 977,400.000 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Jun 2022
BoP: CA: Services (USD mn) -21,100.000 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Jun 2022
BoP: CA: Primary Income: Debit (USD mn) -111,400.000 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Jun 2022
BoP: Capital Account: Credit (USD mn) 100.000 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Jun 2022
BoP: FA: Non-reserve (USD mn) -99,300.000 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Jun 2022
BoP: Capital Account: Debit (USD mn) -311.980 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Mar 2022
BoP: FA: Non-reserve: Asset (USD mn) -89,821.493 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Mar 2022
CN: FDI: Utilized: ytd: Real Estate (USD mn) 22,467.400 Dec 2018 quarterly Dec 1997 - Dec 2018
CN: FDI: Utilized: ytd: Leasing and Commercial Service (USD mn) 18,874.590 Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 2001 - Dec 2018
CN: FDI: Utilized: ytd: Mfg: Comm, Computer & Other Electronic Eq (USD mn) 8,408.270 Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2018
CN: FDI: Utilized: ytd: Wholesale and Retail Trade (USD mn) 9,766.890 Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 2001 - Dec 2018
CN: FDI: Utilized: ytd: Manufacturing (USD mn) 41,174.210 Dec 2018 quarterly Dec 1997 - Dec 2018
Outward Direct Investment: ytd (USD mn) 68,780.000 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2008 - Jun 2022
Outward Investment: Latin America: British Virgin Islands (USD mn) 6,975.617 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Outward Investment: Hong Kong (USD mn) 89,145.861 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Outward Investment: United States (USD mn) 6,018.672 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Outward Investment: Asia: Singapore (USD mn) 5,923.350 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Outward Investment: Latin America: Cayman Islands (USD mn) 8,562.217 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Outward Investment: Information Transmission, Software and Information Technolog... (USD mn) 7,530.000 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Outward Investment: Wholesale and Retail Trade (USD mn) 17,650.000 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Outward Investment: Leasing and Commercial Service (USD mn) 36,620.000 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Outward Investment: Manufacturing (USD mn) 18,400.000 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Outward Investment: Financial Intermediation (USD mn) 19,663.182 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
No of Business Entity: New Registration: ytd: Company (Unit mn) 9.040 Dec 2021 monthly Dec 2008 - Dec 2021
QFII: No of Institution: accumulated (Unit) 281.000 Apr 2015 monthly May 2003 - Apr 2015
QFII: Approved Investment Fund: accumulated (USD mn) 116,259.000 May 2020 monthly Jun 2003 - May 2020
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 1.7 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2022
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 62.3 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2007 - Jun 2022
Non-Performing Loans (USD mn) 441,007.303 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2022
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 10,207,357.279 Mar 2022 monthly Jan 1997 - Mar 2022
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 38,853,532.724 Mar 2022 monthly Jan 1997 - Mar 2022
M2 Growth (%) 12.2 Aug 2022 monthly Mar 1997 - Aug 2022
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 8.1 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 1985 - Aug 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 3,054,881.0 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 1989 - Aug 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 13.4 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2000 - Jul 2022
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 107,490.000 Aug 2022 monthly Dec 1977 - Aug 2022
Total Deposits (USD mn) 36,634,648.861 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 1997 - Aug 2022
Total Deposits Growth (%) 11.3 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 1998 - Aug 2022
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 42,673,987.3 Jun 2022 monthly Jun 1999 - Jun 2022
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 11.0 Jun 2022 monthly Jun 2000 - Jun 2022
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector (%) 20.000 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2021
Credit to Households (USD bn) 11,073.565 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2006 - Dec 2021
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector (USD bn) 38,538.556 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1985 - Dec 2021
Household Debt (USD mn) 10,940,984.3 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2007 - Jun 2022
Total Loans (USD mn) 30,234,337.640 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 1997 - Aug 2022
Total Loans Growth (%) 10.91 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 1998 - Aug 2022
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 184.49 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 1992 - Jun 2022
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Trade Policy Uncertainty Index (Index) 251.339 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2000 - Jun 2022
Business Confidence Growth (% Point) -1.4 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 2006 - Aug 2022
BCI: Industry: Manufacturing (NA) 124.800 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2003 - Mar 2022
Coincident Index (2015=100) 76.044 Feb 2020 monthly Jan 2001 - Feb 2020
Leading Index (2015=100) 92.852 Feb 2020 monthly Jan 2001 - Feb 2020
Lagging Index (2015=100) 99.353 Feb 2020 monthly Jan 2001 - Feb 2020
5000 Indu Enterprises: DI: General Business Condition (%) 48.700 Jun 2022 quarterly Jun 1992 - Jun 2022

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