Iran External Debt: % of GDP

1994 - 2021 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about Iran`s External Debt: % of GDP

  • Iran External Debt accounted for 1.1 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2021, compared with the ratio of 1.6 % in the previous year.
  • Iran External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated yearly, available from Mar 1994 to Mar 2021.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 36.2 % in Mar 1994 and a record low of 1.1 % in Mar 2021.

CEIC calculates External Debt as % of Nominal GDP from annual External Debt and annual Nominal GDP. The Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran provides External Debt in USD and Nominal GDP in local currency. The Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran average market exchange rate is used for currency conversions. External Debt as % of Nominal GDP is in annual frequency, ending in March of each year.


Related information about Iran`s External Debt: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports of Iran, Current Account recorded a deficit of 707.7 USD mn in Mar 2021.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 1.2 USD bn in Dec 2020.
  • Iran Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 156.0 USD mn in Dec 2018.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment increased by 94.5 USD mn in Dec 2019.
  • The country's External Debt reached 9,142.0 in Mar 2021.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 223.3 USD bn in Sep 2020.

View Iran's External Debt: % of GDP from 1994 to 2021 in the chart:

Iran External Debt: % of GDP

What was Iran's External Debt: % of GDP in 2021?

Iran External Debt accounted for 1.1 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2021, compared with the ratio of 1.6 % in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
1.1 2021 1.6 2020 1.1 2021 36.2 1994 % yearly 1994 - 2021

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 65.6 2020 yearly 1991 - 2020
Algeria (%) 2.2 2019 yearly 1970 - 2019
Argentina (%) 70.7 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Armenia (%) 102.3 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Australia (%) 129.1 2020 yearly 1988 - 2020
Austria (%) 164.9 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Azerbaijan (%) 20.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2020
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 70.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2020
Belgium (%) 264.3 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Bolivia (%) 33.0 2019 yearly 2006 - 2019
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 25.5 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Botswana (%) 8.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Brazil (%) 38.4 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
Bulgaria (%) 64.6 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Cambodia (%) 69.9 2020 yearly 2010 - 2020
Canada (%) 142.8 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Chile (%) 82.4 2020 yearly 1971 - 2020
China (%) 16.3 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Colombia (%) 56.7 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Croatia (%) 87.9 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Cyprus (%) 908.4 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Czech Republic (%) 75.5 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Denmark (%) 157.0 2020 yearly 2005 - 2020
Ecuador (%) 57.4 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Egypt (%) 33.9 Sep 2020 quarterly Jun 1999 - Sep 2020
Estonia (%) 91.1 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
European Union (%) 130.3 2020 yearly 2008 - 2020
Finland (%) 225.1 2020 yearly 1991 - 2020
France (%) 261.7 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Georgia (%) 129.8 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Germany (%) 163.7 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Ghana (%) 34.2 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Greece (%) 298.2 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 514.2 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Hungary (%) 155.9 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Iceland (%) 83.5 2020 yearly 1989 - 2020
India (%) 21.1 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Indonesia (%) 39.3 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Iran (%) 1.1 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (%) 701.2 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Israel (%) 32.9 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Italy (%) 140.2 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Ivory Coast (%) 24.0 2018 yearly 1994 - 2018
Japan (%) 92.8 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Jordan (%) 82.1 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Kazakhstan (%) 96.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2020
Kenya (%) 33.1 2019 yearly 2015 - 2019
South Korea (%) 33.3 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Kosovo (%) 37.2 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Kuwait (%) 50.5 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 112.9 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Laos (%) 52.6 2019 yearly 1996 - 2019
Latvia (%) 124.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
Lebanon (%) 62.8 2019 yearly 2007 - 2019
Lithuania (%) 75.7 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Luxembourg (%) 5,173.1 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
North Macedonia (%) 80.2 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Malawi (%) 39.4 2014 yearly 2006 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 67.6 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Malta (%) 678.6 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Mauritius (%) 2,062.5 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Mexico (%) 42.8 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Moldova (%) 70.1 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Mongolia (%) 243.1 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
Montenegro (%) 150.5 2019 yearly 2006 - 2019
Morocco (%) 53.6 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Mozambique (%) 71.8 2017 yearly 1985 - 2017
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 443.8 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
New Zealand (%) 90.3 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020
Nigeria (%) 7.8 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Norway (%) 180.1 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Pakistan (%) 41.0 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Palestinian Territory (%) 35.4 2018 yearly 2012 - 2018
Panama (%) 201.9 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Paraguay (%) 53.8 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Peru (%) 43.3 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Philippines (%) 27.2 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Poland (%) 60.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Portugal (%) 205.2 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 58.1 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Russia (%) 31.5 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020
Serbia (%) 61.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Singapore (%) 471.3 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Slovakia (%) 121.2 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Slovenia (%) 101.9 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
South Africa (%) 50.8 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Spain (%) 198.8 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Sri Lanka (%) 61.1 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Sudan (%) 120.5 2019 yearly 2001 - 2019
Sweden (%) 164.2 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Switzerland (%) 283.3 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Taiwan (%) 28.4 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Tajikistan (%) 37.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Thailand (%) 36.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2020
Tunisia (%) 100.9 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Turkey (%) 60.4 2020 yearly 1989 - 2020
Ukraine (%) 80.8 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020

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Iran Key Series

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Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -4.9 Mar 2019 quarterly Mar 2006 - Mar 2019
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) 2,119.524 Mar 2019 quarterly Jun 2005 - Mar 2019
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 30,033.352 2018 yearly 1996 - 2018
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 6.6 2018 yearly 1996 - 2018
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 16.5 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 1998 - Sep 2020
Forecast: Government Expenditure (IRR bn) 34,492,454.660 2026 yearly 1990 - 2026
Forecast: Government Net Debt (IRR bn) 67,187,932.800 2026 yearly 1996 - 2026
Forecast: Government Revenue (IRR bn) 17,640,779.420 2026 yearly 1990 - 2026
Govt Revenues excl Special Rev: Tax: on Goods & Services: Value Added (IRR bn) 290,100.000 2019 yearly 2009 - 2019
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 3.612 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Trade Balance (USD mn) 14,786.0 2020 yearly 1950 - 2020
Total Exports (USD mn) 1,827,723,956.8 2015 yearly 1950 - 2015
Total Exports Growth (%) -18.5 2020 yearly 1951 - 2020
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 308,742.838 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 91,255.199 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 102,286.387 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Imports (USD mn) 43,168.8 2019 yearly 1979 - 2019
Total Imports Growth (%) -11.7 2021 yearly 1980 - 2021
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 828,080.043 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 582,505.611 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 0.174 Oct 2020 monthly Feb 2016 - Oct 2020
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 1.965 Jan 2021 monthly May 2001 - Jan 2021
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 371.611 Feb 2021 monthly Dec 1990 - Feb 2021
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 406.608 Feb 2021 monthly Jan 1981 - Feb 2021
Exports: Industrial Goods (IG) (USD mn) 33,233.350 2019 yearly 1979 - 2019
Exports: IG: Plastic Materials and Their Products (USD mn) 5,639.000 2019 yearly 2002 - 2019
Exports: United Arab Emirates (USD mn) 4,661.620 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Germany (USD mn) 233.060 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Iraq (USD mn) 7,448.430 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: China (USD mn) 9,077.120 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Russia (USD mn) 504.580 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports (USD mn) 34,998.000 2021 yearly 1979 - 2021
Imports: Foodstuffs and Live Animals (FA) (USD mn) 7,670.380 2021 yearly 1979 - 2021
Imports: Machinery and Transportation Vehicles (MT) (USD mn) 13,616.510 2021 yearly 1979 - 2021
Imports: Miscellaneous Finished Products (MF) (USD mn) 1,455.590 2021 yearly 1979 - 2021
Imports: Chemicals (USD mn) 6,212.880 2021 yearly 1979 - 2021
Imports: Mineral Products, Fuels, Industrial Oils and Grease (MP) (USD mn) 487.690 2021 yearly 1979 - 2021
Imports: Natural Gas (Cub m bn) 0.300 2021 yearly 1974 - 2021
Imports: Russia (USD mn) 1,070.260 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: Germany (USD mn) 1,851.170 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: China (USD mn) 9,843.010 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: Turkey (USD mn) 4,400.090 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: United Arab Emirates (USD mn) 9,757.790 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 156.0 2018 yearly 1997 - 2018
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -707.7 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) 0.6 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 1,224.0 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.1 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 94.500 2019 yearly 1997 - 2019
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.0 2019 yearly 1997 - 2019
External Debt (USD mn) 9,142.0 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 1.1 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 1,538.9 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 0.2 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) 10.294 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
BoP: CA: Goods (USD mn) 3,235.800 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
BoP: CA: Current Transfers (USD mn) 654.500 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
BoP: CA: Errors and Omissions (USD mn) -817.000 2019 yearly 1998 - 2019
BoP: CA: Services (USD mn) -3,998.700 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
BoP: CA: Current Transfers: Credit (USD mn) 996.600 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
BoP: CA: Income (USD mn) -599.300 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
BoP: CA: Current Transfers: Debit (USD mn) 342.100 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
BoP: CA: Income: Debit (USD mn) 1,747.100 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
BoP: CA: CF: Capital Account: Debit (USD mn) -5,133.000 2019 yearly 1998 - 2019
BoP: CA: Income: Credit (USD mn) 1,147.800 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
BoP: CA: CF: Capital Account: Credit (USD mn) 0.000 2019 yearly 1998 - 2019
External Debt: Medium and Long Term (USD mn) 7,175.900 2021 yearly 1992 - 2021
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 8.7 Sep 2020 monthly Jan 2011 - Sep 2020
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 186,088.095 Aug 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Aug 2021
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 933,673.810 Aug 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Aug 2021
M2 Growth (%) 39.1 Aug 2021 monthly Dec 2000 - Aug 2021
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 10.0 Apr 2021 monthly Mar 2008 - Apr 2021
Total Deposits (USD mn) 810,159.524 2020 yearly 1973 - 2020
Total Deposits Growth (%) 31.9 2019 yearly 1974 - 2019
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 276,897.2 Feb 2017 monthly Jan 1964 - Feb 2017
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 25.8 Feb 2017 monthly Jan 1965 - Feb 2017
Total Loans (USD mn) 236,845.352 2016 yearly 1967 - 2016
Total Loans Growth (%) 23.00 2016 yearly 1968 - 2016
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 66.06 2016 yearly 1961 - 2016
Money Supply: Monetary Base (IRR bn) 5,159,400.000 Aug 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Aug 2021
Money Supply: M2: M1 (IRR bn) 7,815,700.000 Aug 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Aug 2021
Money Supply: M2: Quasi Money (IRR bn) 31,398,600.000 Aug 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Aug 2021

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