Iran External Debt: % of GDP

1994 - 2021 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about Iran External Debt: % of GDP

  • Iran External Debt accounted for 0.9 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2021, compared with the ratio of 1.4 % in the previous year.
  • Iran External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated yearly, available from Mar 1994 to Mar 2021.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 36.2 % in Mar 1994 and a record low of 0.9 % in Mar 2021.

CEIC calculates External Debt as % of Nominal GDP from annual External Debt and annual Nominal GDP. The Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran provides External Debt in USD and Nominal GDP in local currency. The Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran average market exchange rate is used for currency conversions. External Debt as % of Nominal GDP is in annual frequency, ending in March of each year.


Related information about Iran External Debt: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports of Iran, Current Account recorded a deficit of 707.7 USD mn in Mar 2021.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 1.2 USD bn in Dec 2020.
  • Iran Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 156.0 USD mn in Dec 2018.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment increased by 164.5 USD mn in Dec 2020.
  • The country's External Debt reached 9,142.1 in Mar 2021.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 429.4 USD bn in Mar 2022.

View Iran's External Debt: % of GDP from 1994 to 2021 in the chart:

Iran External Debt: % of GDP

What was Iran's External Debt: % of GDP in 2021?

Iran External Debt accounted for 0.9 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2021, compared with the ratio of 1.4 % in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
0.9 2021 1.4 2020 0.9 2021 36.2 1994 % yearly 1994 - 2021

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 63.2 2021 yearly 1991 - 2021
Algeria (%) 2.4 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Argentina (%) 56.6 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Armenia (%) 99.9 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Australia (%) 116.1 2021 yearly 1988 - 2021
Austria (%) 163.3 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Azerbaijan (%) 14.9 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2021
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 58.5 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2022
Belgium (%) 258.3 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
Bolivia (%) 38.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 24.4 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Botswana (%) 8.6 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Brazil (%) 35.3 2021 yearly 1992 - 2021
Bulgaria (%) 58.4 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Cambodia (%) 75.1 2021 yearly 2010 - 2021
Canada (%) 135.0 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Chile (%) 75.4 2021 yearly 1971 - 2021
China (%) 15.5 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Colombia (%) 54.5 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Croatia (%) 73.5 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Cyprus (%) 699.5 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Czech Republic (%) 73.2 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Denmark (%) 151.0 2021 yearly 2005 - 2021
Ecuador (%) 54.0 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Egypt (%) 32.6 Jun 2022 quarterly Jun 1999 - Jun 2022
Estonia (%) 84.7 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
European Union (%) 129.4 2021 yearly 2008 - 2021
Finland (%) 208.1 2021 yearly 1991 - 2021
France (%) 256.2 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Georgia (%) 117.7 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Germany (%) 169.4 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Ghana (%) 35.8 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Greece (%) 305.3 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 510.6 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
Hungary (%) 157.7 2021 yearly 2006 - 2021
Iceland (%) 84.8 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021
India (%) 19.9 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Indonesia (%) 35.0 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Iran (%) 0.9 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (%) 681.1 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Israel (%) 32.8 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Italy (%) 138.0 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Ivory Coast (%) 24.0 2018 yearly 1994 - 2018
Japan (%) 97.9 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Jordan (%) 85.7 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Kazakhstan (%) 78.0 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2002 - Jun 2022
Kenya (%) 34.5 2021 yearly 2006 - 2021
South Korea (%) 34.9 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Kosovo (%) 37.4 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
Kuwait (%) 58.5 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 106.1 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Laos (%) 53.8 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Latvia (%) 101.5 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
Lebanon (%) 53.0 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Lithuania (%) 77.0 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Luxembourg (%) 4,874.0 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
North Macedonia (%) 81.4 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Malawi (%) 39.4 2014 yearly 2006 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 70.0 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Malta (%) 620.7 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Mauritius (%) 2,061.8 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Mexico (%) 47.1 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Moldova (%) 65.9 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Mongolia (%) 221.1 2021 yearly 1992 - 2021
Montenegro (%) 203.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Morocco (%) 46.9 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Mozambique (%) 71.7 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Myanmar (%) 16.7 2020 yearly 2018 - 2020
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 412.2 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
New Zealand (%) 87.9 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
Nigeria (%) 8.8 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Norway (%) 151.9 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Pakistan (%) 34.5 2022 yearly 2000 - 2022
Palestinian Territory (%) 12.0 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
Panama (%) 177.4 2021 yearly 2014 - 2021
Paraguay (%) 50.4 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Peru (%) 45.2 2021 yearly 1980 - 2021
Philippines (%) 27.0 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Poland (%) 56.6 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Portugal (%) 190.4 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 56.9 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Russia (%) 27.1 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
Serbia (%) 68.5 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Singapore (%) 448.3 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Slovakia (%) 135.1 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Slovenia (%) 97.3 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
South Africa (%) 38.3 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Spain (%) 192.9 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Sri Lanka (%) 57.7 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Sudan (%) 105.1 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Sweden (%) 170.4 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Switzerland (%) 292.0 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Taiwan (%) 27.5 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Tajikistan (%) 40.6 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Thailand (%) 37.9 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2022
Tunisia (%) 93.1 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Turkey (%) 54.2 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021

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Iran Key Series

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Includes 162 key indicators for Iran, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -4.8 Mar 2019 quarterly Mar 2006 - Mar 2019
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -13,054.478 Mar 2020 quarterly Jun 2005 - Mar 2020
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 38,295.238 2019 yearly 1996 - 2019
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 5.9 2019 yearly 1996 - 2019
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 8.8 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Mar 2022
Forecast: Government Expenditure (IRR bn) 60,979,884.608 2028 yearly 1991 - 2028
Forecast: Government Net Debt (IRR bn) 136,419,748.839 2028 yearly 1997 - 2028
Forecast: Government Revenue (IRR bn) 33,205,756.197 2028 yearly 1991 - 2028
Govt Revenues excl Special Rev: Tax: on Goods & Services: Value Added (IRR bn) 388,100.000 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 1.562 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Trade Balance (USD mn) 22,668.0 2021 yearly 1948 - 2021
Total Exports (USD mn) 71,646.0 2021 yearly 1948 - 2021
Total Exports Growth (%) 52.7 2021 yearly 1949 - 2021
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 599,149.522 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 82,635.539 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 89,550.629 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Imports (USD mn) 53,012.7 2022 yearly 1979 - 2022
Total Imports Growth (%) 36.3 2022 yearly 1980 - 2022
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 943,182.125 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 691,833.699 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 0.073 Aug 2022 monthly Feb 2016 - Aug 2022
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 2.841 Aug 2022 monthly May 2001 - Aug 2022
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 448.777 Aug 2022 monthly Dec 1990 - Aug 2022
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 700.492 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 1981 - Aug 2022
Exports (USD mn) 48,619.419 2022 yearly 1979 - 2022
Exports: IG: Plastic Materials and Their Products (USD mn) 5,639.000 2019 yearly 2002 - 2019
Exports: Industrial Goods (IG) (USD mn) 33,233.350 2019 yearly 1979 - 2019
Exports: Russia (USD mn) 504.580 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: China (USD mn) 9,077.120 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: United Arab Emirates (USD mn) 4,661.620 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Germany (USD mn) 233.060 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Iraq (USD mn) 7,448.430 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: Chemicals (USD mn) 6,212.880 2021 yearly 1979 - 2021
Imports: Foodstuffs and Live Animals (FA) (USD mn) 7,670.380 2021 yearly 1979 - 2021
Imports: Machinery and Transportation Vehicles (MT) (USD mn) 13,616.510 2021 yearly 1979 - 2021
Imports: Mineral Products, Fuels, Industrial Oils and Grease (MP) (USD mn) 487.690 2021 yearly 1979 - 2021
Imports: Miscellaneous Finished Products (MF) (USD mn) 1,455.590 2021 yearly 1979 - 2021
Imports: Natural Gas (Cub m bn) 0.300 2021 yearly 1974 - 2021
Imports: United Arab Emirates (USD mn) 9,757.790 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: China (USD mn) 9,843.010 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: Turkey (USD mn) 4,400.090 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: Germany (USD mn) 1,851.170 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: Russia (USD mn) 1,070.260 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 156.0 2018 yearly 1997 - 2018
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -707.7 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -0.1 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 1,224.0 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.1 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 164.500 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.0 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
External Debt (USD mn) 9,142.1 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 0.9 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 1,966.2 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 0.2 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) 6.461 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
BoP: CA: Income (USD mn) -599.300 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
BoP: CA: Current Transfers (USD mn) 654.500 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
BoP: CA: Errors and Omissions (USD mn) -817.000 2019 yearly 1998 - 2019
BoP: CA: Goods (USD mn) 3,235.800 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
BoP: CA: Current Transfers: Credit (USD mn) 996.600 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
BoP: CA: Services (USD mn) -3,998.700 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
BoP: CA: Income: Debit (USD mn) 1,747.100 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
BoP: CA: CF: Capital Account: Debit (USD mn) -5,969.000 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
BoP: CA: Current Transfers: Debit (USD mn) 342.100 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
BoP: CA: Income: Credit (USD mn) 1,147.800 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
BoP: CA: CF: Capital Account: Credit (USD mn) 0.000 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 7.1 Dec 2021 monthly Jan 2011 - Dec 2021
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 281,428.571 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1999 - Jul 2022
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 1,250,033.333 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1999 - Jul 2022
M2 Growth (%) 37.4 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 2000 - Jul 2022
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 10.0 Nov 2022 monthly Mar 2008 - Nov 2022
Total Deposits (USD mn) 1,130,002.381 2021 yearly 1973 - 2021
Total Deposits Growth (%) 39.5 2021 yearly 1974 - 2021
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 276,897.2 Feb 2017 monthly Jan 1964 - Feb 2017
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 25.8 Feb 2017 monthly Jan 1965 - Feb 2017
Total Loans (USD mn) 236,845.352 2016 yearly 1967 - 2016
Total Loans Growth (%) 23.00 2016 yearly 1968 - 2016
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 60.30 2016 yearly 1961 - 2016
Money Supply: M2: Quasi Money (IRR bn) 40,681,400.000 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1999 - Jul 2022
Money Supply: Monetary Base (IRR bn) 6,530,300.000 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1999 - Jul 2022
Money Supply: M2: M1 (IRR bn) 11,820,000.000 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1999 - Jul 2022

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