Moldova External Debt: % of GDP

2000 - 2022 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about Moldova External Debt: % of GDP

  • Moldova External Debt accounted for 65.2 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2022, compared with the ratio of 64.0 % in the previous year.
  • Moldova External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated yearly, available from Dec 2000 to Dec 2022.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 133.8 % in Dec 2000 and a record low of 63.4 % in Dec 2011.

CEIC calculates External Debt as % of Nominal GDP from annual External Debt and annual Nominal GDP. The National Bank of Moldova provides External Debt in USD. The National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova provides Nominal GDP in local currency based on SNA 2008. The National Bank of Moldova average market exchange rate is used for currency conversions. External Debt as % of Nominal GDP prior to 2010 is calculated from External Debt based on BPM5 and Nominal GDP based on SNA 1993.


Related information about Moldova External Debt: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports of Moldova, Current Account recorded a deficit of 599.2 USD mn in Sep 2023.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 107.3 USD mn in Sep 2023.
  • Moldova Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 1.7 USD mn in Sep 2023.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment fell by 1.2 USD mn in Sep 2023.
  • The country's External Debt reached 9,763.9 in Sep 2023.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 4.2 USD bn in Mar 2023.

View Moldova's External Debt: % of GDP from 2000 to 2022 in the chart:

Moldova External Debt: % of GDP

What was Moldova's External Debt: % of GDP in 2022?

Moldova External Debt accounted for 65.2 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2022, compared with the ratio of 64.0 % in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
65.2 2022 64.0 2021 63.4 2011 133.8 2000 % yearly 2000 - 2022

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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Includes External Debt: % of GDP on 109 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 54.1 2022 yearly 1991 - 2022
Algeria (%) 1.8 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Argentina (%) 44.9 2022 yearly 1994 - 2022
Armenia (%) 78.2 2022 yearly 2000 - 2022
Australia (%) 117.2 2022 yearly 1988 - 2022
Austria (%) 131.7 2022 yearly 1997 - 2022
Azerbaijan (%) 14.9 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2021
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 49.6 Sep 2023 quarterly Dec 2000 - Sep 2023
Belgium (%) 237.9 2022 yearly 2007 - 2022
Bolivia (%) 35.3 2022 yearly 2006 - 2022
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 20.8 2022 yearly 1999 - 2022
Botswana (%) 7.3 2023 yearly 1995 - 2023
Brazil (%) 30.0 2022 yearly 1992 - 2022
Bulgaria (%) 51.6 2022 yearly 1999 - 2022
Cambodia (%) 75.6 2022 yearly 2010 - 2022
Canada (%) 134.9 2022 yearly 1990 - 2022
Chile (%) 77.4 2022 yearly 1971 - 2022
China (%) 13.7 2022 yearly 1985 - 2022
Colombia (%) 53.3 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Croatia (%) 75.0 2022 yearly 1998 - 2022
Cyprus (%) 609.6 2022 yearly 2004 - 2022
Czech Republic (%) 65.6 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Denmark (%) 124.1 2022 yearly 2005 - 2022
Ecuador (%) 51.6 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Egypt (%) 40.3 Jun 2023 quarterly Jun 1999 - Jun 2023
Estonia (%) 84.7 2022 yearly 1996 - 2022
European Union (%) 117.4 2022 yearly 2008 - 2022
Finland (%) 215.4 2022 yearly 1991 - 2022
France (%) 245.8 2022 yearly 2004 - 2022
Georgia (%) 94.2 2022 yearly 1999 - 2022
Germany (%) 155.8 2022 yearly 1999 - 2022
Ghana (%) 39.3 2022 yearly 1999 - 2022
Greece (%) 263.2 2022 yearly 2003 - 2022
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 503.8 2022 yearly 2001 - 2022
Hungary (%) 152.6 2022 yearly 2006 - 2022
Iceland (%) 78.9 2022 yearly 1989 - 2022
India (%) 18.9 2023 yearly 1970 - 2023
Indonesia (%) 29.7 2023 yearly 2003 - 2023
Iran (%) 0.3 2023 yearly 1994 - 2023
Ireland (%) 577.2 2022 yearly 2002 - 2022
Israel (%) 29.1 2022 yearly 1998 - 2022
Italy (%) 129.0 2022 yearly 2002 - 2022
Ivory Coast (%) 31.4 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Japan (%) 104.6 2022 yearly 2003 - 2022
Jordan (%) 80.1 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Kazakhstan (%) 64.8 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2002 - Sep 2023
Kenya (%) 35.0 2022 yearly 2006 - 2022
South Korea (%) 39.8 2022 yearly 1994 - 2022
Kosovo (%) 38.4 2022 yearly 2007 - 2022
Kuwait (%) 35.3 2022 yearly 2014 - 2022
Kyrgyzstan (%) 84.4 2022 yearly 2003 - 2022
Laos (%) 68.0 2022 yearly 1996 - 2022
Latvia (%) 98.8 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2023
Lebanon (%) 53.0 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Lithuania (%) 67.6 2022 yearly 1996 - 2022
Luxembourg (%) 4,521.9 2022 yearly 2002 - 2022
North Macedonia (%) 83.7 2022 yearly 2004 - 2022
Malawi (%) 60.1 2021 yearly 2006 - 2021
Malaysia (%) 63.9 2022 yearly 2009 - 2022
Malta (%) 970.6 2022 yearly 2004 - 2022
Mauritius (%) 1,432.7 2022 yearly 2009 - 2022
Mexico (%) 39.7 2022 yearly 2002 - 2022
Moldova (%) 65.2 2022 yearly 2000 - 2022
Mongolia (%) 194.5 2022 yearly 1992 - 2022
Montenegro (%) 141.5 2022 yearly 2006 - 2022
Morocco (%) 50.9 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Mozambique (%) 71.7 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Myanmar (%) 16.7 2020 yearly 2018 - 2020
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 374.5 2022 yearly 2003 - 2022
New Zealand (%) 85.0 2022 yearly 1993 - 2022
Nigeria (%) 8.9 2022 yearly 1985 - 2022
Norway (%) 133.0 2022 yearly 2003 - 2022
Pakistan (%) 36.5 2023 yearly 2000 - 2023
Palestinian Territory (%) 11.4 2022 yearly 2012 - 2022
Panama (%) 167.4 2021 yearly 2014 - 2021
Paraguay (%) 54.2 2022 yearly 2000 - 2022
Peru (%) 41.8 2022 yearly 1980 - 2022
Philippines (%) 27.5 2022 yearly 1990 - 2022
Poland (%) 53.0 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Portugal (%) 166.0 2022 yearly 1996 - 2022
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 50.6 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Russia (%) 16.3 2023 yearly 1993 - 2023
Serbia (%) 69.4 2022 yearly 2000 - 2022
Singapore (%) 385.6 2022 yearly 2003 - 2022
Slovakia (%) 103.1 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Slovenia (%) 90.9 2022 yearly 2001 - 2022
South Africa (%) 40.5 2022 yearly 1985 - 2022
Spain (%) 193.4 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Sri Lanka (%) 74.7 2022 yearly 1998 - 2022
Sudan (%) 202.2 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
Sweden (%) 170.5 2022 yearly 1997 - 2022
Switzerland (%) 272.8 2022 yearly 1999 - 2022
Taiwan (%) 26.5 2022 yearly 1999 - 2022
Tajikistan (%) 37.7 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Thailand (%) 37.5 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2023
Tunisia (%) 92.1 2022 yearly 2002 - 2022
Turkey (%) 51.3 2022 yearly 1989 - 2022

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Moldova Key Series

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Includes 215 key indicators for Moldova, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -3.3 2022 yearly 1998 - 2022
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -469.299 2022 yearly 1998 - 2022
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 3,044.006 2022 yearly 2004 - 2022
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 21.1 2022 yearly 2004 - 2022
National Government Debt (USD mn) 5,948.6 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2007 - Dec 2023
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 34.0 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2007 - Sep 2023
Forecast: Government Expenditure (MDL bn) 184.108 2028 yearly 1995 - 2028
Forecast: Government Net Debt (MDL bn) 185.454 2028 yearly 1995 - 2028
Forecast: Government Revenue (MDL bn) 170.534 2028 yearly 1995 - 2028
Central Government Operation: Expenditure (MDL mn) 13,393.000 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2007 - Dec 2023
Central Government Operation: Revenue (MDL mn) 11,011.800 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2007 - Dec 2023
Central Government Operation: Surplus or Deficit (MDL mn) -2,381.200 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2007 - Dec 2023
Central Government Operation: Financing (MDL mn) 2,381.200 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2007 - Dec 2023
Gross Central Government Debt (MDL mn) 104,003.110 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2007 - Dec 2023
Gross Central Government Debt: Domestic (MDL mn) 39,666.120 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2007 - Dec 2023
Gross Central Government Debt: External (MDL mn) 64,336.990 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2007 - Dec 2023
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 4.788 2028 yearly 1991 - 2028
Trade Balance (USD mn) -353.1 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 1992 - Nov 2023
Total Exports (USD mn) 379.1 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2005 - Nov 2023
Total Exports Growth (%) 6.7 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2006 - Nov 2023
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 847.549 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 44,505.686 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 1,072.832 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Total Imports (USD mn) 732.2 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2005 - Nov 2023
Total Imports Growth (%) -14.7 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2006 - Nov 2023
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 247,275.917 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 32,265.191 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 11.237 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2007 - Nov 2023
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 9.989 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2007 - Oct 2023
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 0.943 Nov 2023 monthly Mar 2007 - Nov 2023
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 89.279 Nov 2023 monthly Oct 1998 - Nov 2023
Trade Balance: Harmonised System (HS): ytd (USD th) -4,121,426.943 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2006 - Nov 2023
Exports: HS: ytd: Foodstuff Products, Alcoholic and Non Alcoholic Drinks and Tob... (USD th) 443,732.442 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2006 - Nov 2023
Exports: HS: ytd: Vegetable Products (USD th) 873,949.543 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2006 - Nov 2023
Exports: Harmonised System (HS): ytd (USD th) 3,737,310.644 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2006 - Nov 2023
Exports: HS: ytd: Textiles and Textile Articles (USD th) 322,197.499 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2006 - Nov 2023
Exports: HS: ytd: Machinery and Mechanical Appliances (USD th) 673,304.455 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2006 - Nov 2023
Exports: ytd: EU: Romania (USD th) 1,307,894.931 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2006 - Nov 2023
Exports: ytd: CIS: Belarus (USD th) 79,246.036 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2006 - Nov 2023
Exports: ytd: CIS: Ukraine (USD th) 566,417.299 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2006 - Nov 2023
Exports: ytd: EU: Italy (USD th) 236,728.533 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2006 - Nov 2023
Exports: ytd: Others: Turkey (USD th) 126,377.685 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2007 - Nov 2023
Imports: HS: ytd: Chemical Products (USD th) 812,116.915 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2006 - Nov 2023
Imports: Harmonised System (HS): ytd (USD th) 7,858,737.587 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2006 - Nov 2023
Imports: HS: ytd: Vehicles and Associated Transport Equipment (USD th) 622,646.620 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2006 - Nov 2023
Imports: HS: ytd: Machinery and Mechanical Appliances (USD th) 1,343,980.059 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2006 - Nov 2023
Imports: HS: ytd: Mineral Products (USD th) 1,803,249.587 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2006 - Nov 2023
Imports: ytd: EU: Germany (USD th) 562,383.669 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2006 - Nov 2023
Imports: ytd: EU: Romania (USD th) 1,184,443.072 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2006 - Nov 2023
Imports: ytd: Others: China (USD th) 917,567.192 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2007 - Nov 2023
Imports: ytd: Others: Turkey (USD th) 682,455.544 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2007 - Nov 2023
Imports: ytd: CIS: Belarus (USD th) 79,616.173 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2006 - Nov 2023
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 1.7 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2023
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -599.2 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1994 - Sep 2023
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -13.3 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1995 - Sep 2023
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 107.3 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1994 - Sep 2023
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 2.4 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1995 - Sep 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) -1.170 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1995 - Sep 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) -0.0 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1995 - Sep 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) -1.2 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1994 - Sep 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) 0.000 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1995 - Sep 2023
External Debt (USD mn) 9,763.9 Sep 2023 quarterly Dec 2011 - Sep 2023
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 65.2 2022 yearly 2000 - 2022
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 2,884.4 Sep 2023 quarterly Dec 2000 - Sep 2023
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 19.2 2022 yearly 2000 - 2022
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -2.110 2028 yearly 1992 - 2028
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) -6,452.750 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1998 - Sep 2023
BoP: CA: GS: Goods: Debit (USD mn) 2,118.100 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2023
BoP: CA: GS: Services: Debit (USD mn) 458.530 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2023
BoP: CA: GS: Services (USD mn) 184.380 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2023
BoP: Capital Account (USD mn) 24.800 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2023
BoP: CA: PI: Credit (USD mn) 264.860 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2023
BoP: CA: PI: Debit (USD mn) 238.910 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2023
BoP: Capital Account: Credit (USD mn) 33.930 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2023
BoP: CA: Secondary Income (SI) (USD mn) 490.840 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2023
BoP: CA: Primary Income (PI) (USD mn) 25.950 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2023
BoP: CA: SI: Credit (USD mn) 610.600 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2023
BoP: Net Errors and Omissions (USD mn) -59.190 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2023
BoP: CA: SI: Debit (USD mn) 119.760 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2023
BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment: Liabilities (USD mn) -1.170 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2023
BoP: Financial Account (FA): Net Lending or Borrowing (USD mn) -633.630 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2023
BoP: FA: Financial Derivatives and Employee Stock Options: Assets (USD mn) 0.130 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2023
BoP: FA: OI: Liabilities (USD mn) -52.730 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2023
BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment (PI) (USD mn) 0.360 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2023
BoP: FA: Financial Derivatives and Employee Stock Options (USD mn) 0.130 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2023
BoP: Capital Account: Debit (USD mn) 9.130 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2023
Balance of Payments (BoP): Current Account (CA) (USD mn) -599.240 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2023
BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment: Assets (USD mn) -0.810 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2023
BoP: CA: GS: Goods (USD mn) -1,300.410 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2023
BoP: CA: GS: Goods: Credit (USD mn) 817.690 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2023
BoP: FA: Other Investment (OI) (USD mn) -564.470 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2023
BoP: CA: GS: Services: Credit (USD mn) 642.910 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2023
BoP: FA: Financial Derivatives and Employee Stock Options: Liabilities (USD mn) -0.960 Dec 2022 quarterly Mar 2009 - Dec 2022
BoP: FA: DI: Assets (USD mn) 1.720 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2023
BoP: FA: Reserve Assets (RA) (USD mn) 35.880 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2023
BoP: FA: OI: Assets (USD mn) -617.200 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2023
BoP: Current and Capital Account: Net Lending or Borrowing (USD mn) -574.440 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2023
BoP: FA: Direct Investment (DI) (USD mn) -105.530 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2023
BoP: FA: DI: Liabilities (USD mn) 107.250 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2023
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 5.5 Dec 2023 monthly Sep 2002 - Dec 2023
Non-Performing Loans (USD mn) 202.886 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2017 - Dec 2023
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 4,580.805 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2000 - Dec 2023
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 6,293.450 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2000 - Dec 2023
M2 Growth (%) 20.9 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2001 - Dec 2023
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 33.0 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2004 - Dec 2023
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 5,378.3 Jan 2024 monthly Jan 2000 - Jan 2024
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 31.165 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2023
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 7.0 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2005 - Nov 2023
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 4.854 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2000 - Dec 2023
Total Deposits (USD mn) 3,083.572 Jul 2017 monthly Jan 2000 - Jul 2017
Total Deposits Growth (%) 9.4 Jul 2017 monthly Jan 2001 - Jul 2017
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 4,791.7 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2000 - Dec 2023
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 7.1 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2001 - Dec 2023
Total Loans (USD mn) 3,780.565 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2000 - Dec 2023
Total Loans Growth (%) 2.93 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2001 - Dec 2023
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 21.41 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2023
Money Supply: M3 (MDL mn) 149,180.630 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2000 - Dec 2023
Money Supply: M3: M2 (MDL mn) 110,032.170 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2000 - Dec 2023
Money Supply: M3: M2: M1: Currency Outside Banks (MDL mn) 38,553.920 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2000 - Dec 2023
Money Supply: M3: M2: M1 (MDL mn) 80,088.970 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2000 - Dec 2023

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