Netherlands External Debt: % of GDP

2003 - 2021 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about Netherlands External Debt: % of GDP

  • Netherlands External Debt accounted for 412.2 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2021, compared with the ratio of 443.6 % in the previous year.
  • Netherlands External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated yearly, available from Dec 2003 to Dec 2021.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 562.5 % in Dec 2015 and a record low of 361.2 % in Dec 2003.

CEIC calculates External Debt as % of Nominal GDP from quarterly External Debt and quarterly Nominal GDP. De Nederlandsche Bank N.V. provides External Debt in EUR. Statistics Netherlands provides Nominal GDP in EUR. External Debt as % of Nominal GDP prior to 2015 is calculated from annual External Debt based on old methodology and annual Nominal GDP.


Related information about Netherlands External Debt: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports of Netherlands, Current Account recorded a surplus of 22.7 USD bn in Mar 2022.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 6.3 USD bn in Mar 2022.
  • Netherlands Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 18.7 USD bn in Mar 2022.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment increased by 53.1 USD bn in Mar 2022.
  • The country's External Debt reached 3,958,467.1 in Mar 2022.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 247.0 USD bn in Jun 2022.

View Netherlands's External Debt: % of GDP from 2003 to 2021 in the chart:

Netherlands External Debt: % of GDP

What was Netherlands's External Debt: % of GDP in 2021?

Netherlands External Debt accounted for 412.2 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2021, compared with the ratio of 443.6 % in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
412.2 2021 443.6 2020 361.2 2003 562.5 2015 % yearly 2003 - 2021

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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Includes External Debt: % of GDP on 108 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 63.2 2021 yearly 1991 - 2021
Algeria (%) 2.4 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Argentina (%) 56.6 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Armenia (%) 99.9 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Australia (%) 116.1 2021 yearly 1988 - 2021
Austria (%) 161.7 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Azerbaijan (%) 14.9 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2021
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 58.5 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2022
Belgium (%) 258.0 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
Bolivia (%) 38.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 25.5 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Botswana (%) 8.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Brazil (%) 35.3 2021 yearly 1992 - 2021
Bulgaria (%) 61.8 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Cambodia (%) 75.1 2021 yearly 2010 - 2021
Canada (%) 135.9 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Chile (%) 75.4 2021 yearly 1971 - 2021
China (%) 15.5 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Colombia (%) 54.6 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Croatia (%) 74.6 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Cyprus (%) 822.3 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Czech Republic (%) 73.2 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Denmark (%) 149.9 2021 yearly 2005 - 2021
Ecuador (%) 54.1 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Egypt (%) 34.6 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 1999 - Mar 2022
Estonia (%) 84.7 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
European Union (%) 130.0 2021 yearly 2008 - 2021
Finland (%) 205.9 2021 yearly 1991 - 2021
France (%) 256.2 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Georgia (%) 117.5 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Germany (%) 170.3 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Ghana (%) 35.6 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Greece (%) 304.3 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 510.6 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
Hungary (%) 155.5 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Iceland (%) 84.8 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021
India (%) 19.9 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Indonesia (%) 35.1 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Iran (%) 0.9 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (%) 688.8 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Israel (%) 32.8 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Italy (%) 137.6 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Ivory Coast (%) 24.0 2018 yearly 1994 - 2018
Japan (%) 97.9 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Jordan (%) 86.6 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Kazakhstan (%) 81.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2002 - Mar 2022
Kenya (%) 35.3 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
South Korea (%) 34.9 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Kosovo (%) 38.1 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
Kuwait (%) 58.5 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 106.1 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Laos (%) 53.8 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Latvia (%) 107.8 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
Lebanon (%) 53.0 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Lithuania (%) 76.6 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Luxembourg (%) 4,791.4 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
North Macedonia (%) 81.4 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Malawi (%) 39.4 2014 yearly 2006 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 70.0 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Malta (%) 633.5 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Mauritius (%) 2,062.5 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Mexico (%) 47.0 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Moldova (%) 65.9 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Mongolia (%) 221.1 2021 yearly 1992 - 2021
Montenegro (%) 203.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Morocco (%) 46.9 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Mozambique (%) 71.7 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 412.2 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
New Zealand (%) 87.9 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
Nigeria (%) 8.8 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Norway (%) 154.4 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Pakistan (%) 34.5 2022 yearly 2000 - 2022
Palestinian Territory (%) 12.0 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
Panama (%) 177.4 2021 yearly 2014 - 2021
Paraguay (%) 50.4 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Peru (%) 45.2 2021 yearly 1980 - 2021
Philippines (%) 27.0 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Poland (%) 56.5 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Portugal (%) 193.3 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 56.0 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Russia (%) 27.1 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
Serbia (%) 68.5 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Singapore (%) 448.3 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Slovakia (%) 137.0 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Slovenia (%) 97.7 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
South Africa (%) 38.3 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Spain (%) 192.9 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Sri Lanka (%) 57.7 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Sudan (%) 105.1 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Sweden (%) 169.6 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Switzerland (%) 287.3 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Taiwan (%) 27.6 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Tajikistan (%) 40.6 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Thailand (%) 38.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Mar 2022
Tunisia (%) 100.9 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Turkey (%) 54.2 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021
Ukraine (%) 64.8 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021

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Netherlands Key Series

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Includes 285 key indicators for Netherlands, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -1.5 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2022
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) 7,934.783 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 75,305.225 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 29.9 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
National Government Debt (USD mn) 495,212.6 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2022
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 50.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2022
Forecast: Government Expenditure (EUR bn) 468.363 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Forecast: Government Net Debt (EUR bn) 577.467 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Forecast: Government Revenue (EUR bn) 459.811 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Government: Revenue: Tax (EUR mn) 67,079.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
Government: Revenues (EUR mn) 102,679.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
Government: Expenditures (EUR mn) 95,611.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
Government: Balance (EUR mn) 7,068.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
Gross General Government Debt: ESA 2010: Nominal: Domestic (EUR mn) 285,331.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2022
Gross General Government Debt: ESA 2010: Nominal (EUR mn) 446,419.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2022
Gross General Government Debt: ESA 2010: Nominal: Abroad (EUR mn) 161,088.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2022
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 3.316 2027 yearly 1981 - 2027
Trade Balance (USD mn) 6,883.7 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1996 - Jul 2022
Total Exports (USD mn) 60,536.2 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1996 - Jul 2022
Total Exports Growth (%) 22.2 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1997 - Jul 2022
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 6,222,729.054 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 27,666,805.780 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 22,329,919.732 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Imports (USD mn) 53,652.5 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1996 - Jul 2022
Total Imports Growth (%) 29.8 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1997 - Jun 2022
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 19,469,028.342 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 14,848,400.767 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 3,420.538 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1960 - Jun 2022
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 4,275.408 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1996 - Jun 2022
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 1,334.612 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1996 - Jun 2022
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 5,485.330 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1996 - Jun 2022
NL: Exports: fob: Local Currency (EUR mn) 42,572.000 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 1957 - Dec 2020
Exports (EUR mn) 59,536.000 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1996 - Jul 2022
Exports: Chemicals and Related Products n.e.s (CR) (EUR mn) 10,386.000 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1996 - Jul 2022
Exports: Food and Live Animals (FA) (EUR mn) 6,790.000 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1996 - Jul 2022
Exports: Mineral Fuels and Lubricants (MF) (EUR mn) 13,673.000 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1996 - Jul 2022
Exports: Machinery and Transports Equipment (MT) (EUR mn) 13,659.000 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1996 - Jul 2022
Exports: Crude Materials and Inedible excl Fuels (CM) (EUR mn) 2,103.000 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1996 - Jul 2022
Imports: Machinery and Transports Equipment (MT) (EUR mn) 12,961.000 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1996 - Jul 2022
Imports: Food and Live Animals (FA) (EUR mn) 4,412.000 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1996 - Jul 2022
Imports (EUR mn) 52,766.000 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1996 - Jul 2022
Imports: Crude Materials and Inedible excl Fuels (CM) (EUR mn) 1,697.000 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1996 - Jul 2022
Imports: Chemicals and Related Products n.e.s (CR) (EUR mn) 7,046.000 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1996 - Jul 2022
Imports: Mineral Fuels and Lubricants (MF) (EUR mn) 13,528.000 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1996 - Jul 2022
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 18,694.1 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 2003 - Mar 2022
Current Account Balance (USD mn) 22,696.3 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1967 - Mar 2022
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) 9.0 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1987 - Mar 2022
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 6,338.4 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 2003 - Mar 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 2.5 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 2003 - Mar 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 53,056.847 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 2003 - Mar 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 21.1 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1987 - Mar 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) 9,167.5 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1967 - Mar 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) 43,844.399 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1967 - Mar 2022
External Debt (USD mn) 3,958,467.1 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 2003 - Mar 2022
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 412.2 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 1,762,121.9 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 2003 - Mar 2022
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 175.8 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Total Debt: % of GDP (%) 1,123.2 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) 77.162 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) 918,984.050 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 2003 - Mar 2022
BoP: Capital Account (EUR mn) -463.700 Dec 2018 quarterly Jun 2003 - Dec 2018
BoP: Errors and Omissions (EUR mn) -1,472.400 Dec 2018 quarterly Jun 2003 - Dec 2018
BoP: Financial Account: Direct Investment: Liabilities (EUR mn) 5,646.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2015 - Mar 2022
BoP: Capital Account: Credits (EUR mn) 205.100 Dec 2018 quarterly Jun 2003 - Dec 2018
BoP: Financial Account: Other Investment: Liabilities (EUR mn) 34,299.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2015 - Mar 2022
BoP: Current Account: Services: Debit (EUR mn) 37,278.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2015 - Mar 2022
BoP: Capital Account: Debits (EUR mn) 668.800 Dec 2018 quarterly Jun 2003 - Dec 2018
BoP: Financial Account: Other Investment: Assets (EUR mn) 156,110.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2015 - Mar 2022
BoP: Current Account: Services: Credit (EUR mn) 43,086.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2015 - Mar 2022
BoP: Financial Account: Reserve Assets (EUR mn) 295.300 Dec 2018 quarterly Jun 2003 - Dec 2018
BoP: Financial Account: Financial Derivatives & Employee Stock Options (EUR mn) -2,101.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2015 - Mar 2022
BoP: Current Account: Goods: Debit (EUR mn) 134,636.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2015 - Mar 2022
BoP: Current Account: Goods: Credit (EUR mn) 152,508.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2015 - Mar 2022
BoP: Financial Account: Direct Investment: Assets (EUR mn) 16,652.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2015 - Mar 2022
IIP: Net (EUR mn) 533,005.800 Dec 2018 quarterly Jun 2003 - Dec 2018
IIP: Assets (EUR mn) 9,459,688.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2015 - Mar 2022
International Investment Position (IIP): Net (EUR mn) 828,436.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2015 - Mar 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: Industry: Food, Drink and Tobacco (EUR mn) 167,957.600 2018 yearly 2003 - 2018
Foreign Direct Investment: Services: Trade (EUR mn) 120,184.700 2018 yearly 2003 - 2018
Foreign Direct Investment: Services: Transport, Storage and Communication (EUR mn) 89,423.400 2018 yearly 2003 - 2018
Foreign Direct Investment: Services: Banking and Insurance (EUR mn) 3,587,855.000 2018 yearly 2003 - 2018
Foreign Direct Investment: Industry: Mining, Quarrying, Oil and Chemicals (EUR mn) 308,892.800 2018 yearly 2003 - 2018
Foreign Direct Investment: Services: Information & Communication (EUR mn) 274,089.000 2020 yearly 2015 - 2020
Foreign Direct Investment: Industry: Mining, Quarrying, Oil & Chemicals (EUR mn) 872,743.000 2020 yearly 2015 - 2020
Foreign Direct Investment: Industry: Food, Drink & Tobacco (EUR mn) 323,034.000 2020 yearly 2015 - 2020
Direct Investment Abroad: Industry: Food, Drink and Tobacco (EUR mn) 519,377.100 2018 yearly 2003 - 2018
Direct Investment Abroad: Services: Trade (EUR mn) 277,432.800 2018 yearly 2003 - 2018
Direct Investment Abroad: Services: Transport, Storage and Communication (EUR mn) 635,898.300 2018 yearly 2003 - 2018
Direct Investment Abroad: Services: Banking and Insurance (EUR mn) 1,037,974.000 2018 yearly 2003 - 2018
Direct Investment Abroad: Industry: Mining, Quarrying, Oil and Chemicals (EUR mn) 1,404,946.000 2018 yearly 2003 - 2018
Direct Investment Abroad: Services: Information & Communication (EUR mn) 338,703.000 2020 yearly 2015 - 2020
Direct Investment Abroad: Industry: Mining, Quarrying, Oil & Chemicals (EUR mn) 1,278,984.000 2020 yearly 2015 - 2020
Direct Investment Abroad: Industry: Food, Drink & Tobacco (EUR mn) 280,647.000 2020 yearly 2015 - 2020
Direct Investment Abroad: Services: Banking & Insurance (EUR mn) 939,220.000 2020 yearly 2015 - 2020
Number of Bankruptcies (Unit) 194.000 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 1981 - Aug 2022
No of Enterprises (Unit) 1,912,795.000 2021 yearly 2006 - 2021
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 1.3 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2022
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 104.5 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 644,019.614 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1982 - Jul 2022
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 1,153,068.809 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1957 - Jul 2022
M2 Growth (%) 11.0 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1957 - Jul 2022
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 1.0 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 1999 - Aug 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 5,938.3 Aug 2022 monthly Sep 1999 - Aug 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 0.615 Jun 2022 quarterly Sep 1999 - Jun 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 0.1 Jul 2022 monthly Sep 1999 - Jul 2022
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 33,952.264 Aug 2022 monthly Dec 1956 - Aug 2022
Total Deposits (USD mn) 1,229,097.451 Dec 2021 monthly Dec 1990 - Dec 2021
Total Deposits Growth (%) 7.4 Dec 2021 monthly Dec 1991 - Dec 2021
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 1,713,335.8 Dec 2021 monthly Dec 2001 - Dec 2021
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 3.3 Dec 2021 monthly Dec 2002 - Dec 2021
Debt Service Ratio: Households (%) 13.700 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2021
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector (%) 23.800 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2021
Credit to Households (USD bn) 981.044 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1990 - Dec 2021
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector (USD bn) 2,415.563 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1961 - Dec 2021
Household Debt (USD mn) 1,019,414.5 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
Total Loans (USD mn) 2,326,784.425 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1982 - Jul 2022
Total Loans Growth (%) 11.08 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1983 - Jul 2022
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 95.81 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1995 - Dec 2021
Monetary Agg: NC: Stock: M1 (EUR mn) 627,450.000 Jun 2022 monthly Dec 1982 - Jun 2022
Monetary Agg: NC: Stock: M2 (EUR mn) 1,124,496.000 Jun 2022 monthly Dec 1982 - Jun 2022
Monetary Agg: NC: Stock: M3 excl Currency in Circulation (EUR mn) 1,041,033.000 Jun 2022 monthly Dec 1982 - Jun 2022
Official Reserve Assets (EUR mn) 60,272.000 Aug 2022 monthly Sep 1999 - Aug 2022
Official Reserve Assets: Foreign Currency Reserves (FC) (EUR mn) 4,865.000 Jul 2022 monthly Sep 1999 - Jul 2022
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Business Confidence Growth (% Point) -5.0 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 1986 - Aug 2022
Producer Confidence Indicator: sa (%) 4.600 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 1985 - Aug 2022

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