Kazakhstan External Debt: % of GDP

2002 - 2022 | Quarterly | % | National Bank of Kazakhstan

Key information about Kazakhstan External Debt: % of GDP

  • Kazakhstan External Debt accounted for 74.7 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2022, compared with the ratio of 78.1 % in the previous quarter.
  • Kazakhstan External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated quarterly, available from Mar 2002 to Sep 2022.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 121.2 % in Sep 2016 and a record low of 63.5 % in Dec 2013.




Related information about Kazakhstan External Debt: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports of Kazakhstan, Current Account recorded a surplus of 2.0 USD bn in Sep 2022.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 4.1 USD bn in Sep 2022.
  • Kazakhstan Direct Investment Abroad fell by 1.4 USD bn in Sep 2022.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment fell by 350.8 USD mn in Sep 2022.
  • The country's External Debt reached 160,938.2 in Sep 2022.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 53.5 USD bn in Sep 2022.

View Kazakhstan's External Debt: % of GDP from Mar 2002 to Sep 2022 in the chart:

Kazakhstan External Debt: % of GDP

What was Kazakhstan's External Debt: % of GDP in Sep 2022?

Kazakhstan External Debt accounted for 74.7 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2022, compared with the ratio of 78.1 % in the previous quarter. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
74.7 Sep 2022 78.1 Jun 2022 63.5 Dec 2013 121.2 Sep 2016 % quarterly Mar 2002 - Sep 2022

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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Includes External Debt: % of GDP on 109 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 63.2 2021 yearly 1991 - 2021
Algeria (%) 1.9 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Argentina (%) 56.6 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Armenia (%) 99.9 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Australia (%) 115.3 2021 yearly 1988 - 2021
Austria (%) 163.3 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Azerbaijan (%) 14.9 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2021
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 57.7 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Sep 2022
Belgium (%) 258.5 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
Bolivia (%) 38.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 24.4 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Botswana (%) 8.0 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Brazil (%) 34.4 2021 yearly 1992 - 2021
Bulgaria (%) 58.4 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Cambodia (%) 75.1 2021 yearly 2010 - 2021
Canada (%) 135.5 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Chile (%) 75.4 2021 yearly 1971 - 2021
China (%) 15.4 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Colombia (%) 54.6 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Croatia (%) 77.5 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Cyprus (%) 699.5 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Czech Republic (%) 73.2 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Denmark (%) 151.0 2021 yearly 2005 - 2021
Ecuador (%) 54.1 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Egypt (%) 32.6 Jun 2022 quarterly Jun 1999 - Jun 2022
Estonia (%) 84.7 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
European Union (%) 129.2 2021 yearly 2008 - 2021
Finland (%) 208.1 2021 yearly 1991 - 2021
France (%) 256.2 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Georgia (%) 117.8 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Germany (%) 169.4 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Ghana (%) 35.8 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Greece (%) 305.3 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 508.5 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
Hungary (%) 157.7 2021 yearly 2006 - 2021
Iceland (%) 84.8 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021
India (%) 19.9 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Indonesia (%) 35.0 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Iran (%) 0.9 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (%) 681.1 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Israel (%) 33.1 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Italy (%) 138.0 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Ivory Coast (%) 31.4 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Japan (%) 96.4 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Jordan (%) 85.7 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Kazakhstan (%) 74.7 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2002 - Sep 2022
Kenya (%) 34.5 2021 yearly 2006 - 2021
South Korea (%) 34.9 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Kosovo (%) 37.4 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
Kuwait (%) 58.5 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 106.1 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Laos (%) 53.8 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Latvia (%) 101.5 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
Lebanon (%) 53.0 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Lithuania (%) 77.0 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Luxembourg (%) 4,874.0 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
North Macedonia (%) 81.9 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Malawi (%) 39.4 2014 yearly 2006 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 70.0 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Malta (%) 620.7 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Mauritius (%) 2,070.9 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Mexico (%) 47.1 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Moldova (%) 64.1 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Mongolia (%) 221.1 2021 yearly 1992 - 2021
Montenegro (%) 180.1 2021 yearly 2006 - 2021
Morocco (%) 46.9 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Mozambique (%) 71.7 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Myanmar (%) 16.7 2020 yearly 2018 - 2020
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 412.2 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
New Zealand (%) 87.2 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
Nigeria (%) 8.8 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Norway (%) 152.8 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Pakistan (%) 34.5 2022 yearly 2000 - 2022
Palestinian Territory (%) 11.9 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
Panama (%) 177.4 2021 yearly 2014 - 2021
Paraguay (%) 49.8 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Peru (%) 45.2 2021 yearly 1980 - 2021
Philippines (%) 27.0 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Poland (%) 56.6 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Portugal (%) 190.6 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 56.6 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Russia (%) 26.2 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
Serbia (%) 68.5 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Singapore (%) 448.3 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Slovakia (%) 135.1 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Slovenia (%) 97.3 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
South Africa (%) 38.3 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Spain (%) 192.9 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Sri Lanka (%) 57.7 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Sudan (%) 105.1 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Sweden (%) 170.4 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Switzerland (%) 295.8 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Taiwan (%) 27.5 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Tajikistan (%) 40.6 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Thailand (%) 37.0 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2022
Tunisia (%) 94.6 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Turkey (%) 54.2 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021

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Kazakhstan Key Series

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Includes 248 key indicators for Kazakhstan, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -1.2 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2008 - Sep 2022
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -70.465 Nov 2022 monthly Nov 2007 - Nov 2022
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 3,864.563 Dec 2022 monthly Nov 2007 - Dec 2022
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 20.4 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2008 - Sep 2022
National Government Debt (USD mn) 46,446.4 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2022
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 23.0 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2022
Forecast: Government Expenditure (KZT bn) 34,470.474 2027 yearly 2002 - 2027
Forecast: Government Net Debt (KZT bn) 50,668.534 2027 yearly 2002 - 2027
Forecast: Government Revenue (KZT bn) 32,856.477 2027 yearly 1994 - 2027
Consolidated Budget: ytd: Surplus or Deficit (KZT th) -254,236,134.111 Nov 2022 monthly Oct 2007 - Nov 2022
Consolidated Budget: ytd: Revenue (KZT th) 20,737,928,648.950 Dec 2022 monthly Oct 2007 - Dec 2022
Consolidated Budget: ytd: Revenue: Tax Revenue (KZT th) 21,241,677,443.070 Dec 2022 monthly Oct 2007 - Dec 2022
Consolidated Budget: ytd: Expenditures (KZT th) 16,934,018,742.720 Nov 2022 monthly Oct 2007 - Nov 2022
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 0.854 2027 yearly 1993 - 2027
Trade Balance (USD mn) 1,946.1 Nov 2022 monthly Sep 1995 - Nov 2022
Total Exports (USD mn) 6,928.7 Nov 2022 monthly Sep 1995 - Nov 2022
Total Exports Growth (%) 28.1 Nov 2022 monthly Sep 1996 - Nov 2022
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 742,067.807 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 39,097.320 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 5,820.275 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Imports (USD mn) 4,607.6 Oct 2022 monthly Sep 1995 - Oct 2022
Total Imports Growth (%) 32.9 Nov 2022 monthly Sep 1996 - Nov 2022
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 1,053,396.716 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 330,129.939 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 146.617 Nov 2022 monthly Jul 2006 - Nov 2022
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 181.473 Nov 2022 monthly Oct 1995 - Nov 2022
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 1,076.740 Nov 2022 monthly Apr 2004 - Nov 2022
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 1,212.114 Nov 2022 monthly Jan 1992 - Nov 2022
Exports: ytd: ow Russian Federation (USD mn) 7,801.197 Nov 2022 monthly Mar 2004 - Nov 2022
Exports: ytd: ow Netherlands (USD mn) 5,018.738 Nov 2022 monthly Mar 2004 - Nov 2022
Exports: ytd: ow China (USD mn) 12,160.249 Nov 2022 monthly Mar 2004 - Nov 2022
Exports: ytd: ow Italy (USD mn) 13,009.750 Nov 2022 monthly Mar 2004 - Nov 2022
Exports: ytd: ow France (USD mn) 2,685.162 Nov 2022 monthly Mar 2004 - Nov 2022
Exports: Value: Crude Oil and Gas Condensate (USD mn) 3,947.956 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 2004 - Oct 2022
Exports: Value: Ferroalloy (USD mn) 390.140 Nov 2022 monthly Jan 2004 - Nov 2022
Exports: Value: Natural Gas (USD mn) 148.770 Nov 2022 monthly Jan 2004 - Nov 2022
Exports: Value: Petroleum Products (USD mn) 156.642 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 2004 - Oct 2022
Imports: ytd: ow Russia (USD mn) 15,806.469 Nov 2022 monthly Mar 2004 - Nov 2022
Imports: ytd: ow Ukraine (USD mn) 267.262 Nov 2022 monthly Mar 2004 - Nov 2022
Imports: ytd: ow USA (USD mn) 1,366.053 Oct 2022 monthly Mar 2004 - Oct 2022
Imports: ytd: ow China (USD mn) 9,801.155 Nov 2022 monthly Mar 2004 - Nov 2022
Imports: ytd: ow Germany (USD mn) 1,862.112 Nov 2022 monthly Mar 2004 - Nov 2022
Imports: Value: Ferrous Metal Pipes (USD mn) 65.361 Nov 2022 monthly Jan 2004 - Nov 2022
Imports: Value: Petroleum Products (USD mn) 106.141 Nov 2022 monthly Jan 2004 - Nov 2022
Imports: Value: Furniture (USD mn) 33.271 Nov 2022 monthly Feb 2003 - Nov 2022
Imports: Value: Passenger Cars (USD mn) 243.233 Nov 2022 monthly Jan 2004 - Nov 2022
Exports: Value: Copper: Refined and Alloy (USD mn) 243.017 Nov 2022 monthly Jan 2004 - Nov 2022
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) -1,426.2 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1997 - Sep 2022
Current Account Balance (USD mn) 1,979.9 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1997 - Sep 2022
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) 3.7 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1997 - Sep 2022
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 4,128.6 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1997 - Sep 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 7.7 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1997 - Sep 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) -350.798 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1997 - Sep 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) -0.7 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1997 - Sep 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) 29.5 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1997 - Sep 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) -380.258 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1997 - Sep 2022
External Debt (USD mn) 160,938.2 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Sep 2022
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 74.7 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2002 - Sep 2022
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 14,335.8 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Jun 2022
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 6.4 2021 yearly 1992 - 2021
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -5.007 2027 yearly 1992 - 2027
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) -74,679.534 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Sep 2022
BoP: BPM6: SP: FA: OI: Net Acquisition of Financial Assets (NA) (USD mn) 1,880.352 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
BoP: BPM6: SP: CA: Goods (USD mn) 8,584.615 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
BoP: BPM6: SP: FA: FD: Net Acquisition of Financial Assets (USD mn) -238.243 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
BoP: BPM6: SP: CA: Primary Income: Debit (USD mn) 7,566.026 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
BoP: BPM6: SP: CA: Secondary Income (USD mn) -229.339 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
BoP: BPM6: SP: Financial Account (FA) (USD mn) 3,557.243 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
BoP: BPM6: SP: Net Errors and Omissions (USD mn) 1,571.126 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
BoP: BPM6: SP: FA: Reserve Assets (USD mn) 3,361.226 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
BoP: BPM6: SP: FA: PI: Net Incurrence of Liabilities (NI) (USD mn) -350.798 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
BoP: BPM6: SP: CP: Credit (USD mn) 17.244 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
BoP: BPM6: SP: Capital Account (CP) (USD mn) 6.219 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
BoP: BPM6: SP: CA: Goods: Credit (Exports) (USD mn) 21,819.985 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
BoP: BPM6: SP: FA: Other Investment (OI) (USD mn) 1,634.683 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
BoP: BPM6: SP: CA: Primary Income: Credit (USD mn) 1,236.182 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
BoP: BPM6: SP: CA: Services (USD mn) -45.533 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
BoP: BPM6: SP: FA: Financial Derivatives (Other than Reserves) and Employee Stoc... (USD mn) -109.504 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
BoP: BPM6: SP: CA: Secondary Income: Debit (USD mn) 682.420 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
BoP: BPM6: SP: CA: Primary Income (USD mn) -6,329.843 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
BoP: BPM6: SP: FA: Direct Investment: Net Acquisition of Financial Assets (NA) (USD mn) -1,426.210 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
BoP: BPM6: SP: FA: Direct Investment (USD mn) -5,554.809 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
BoP: BPM6: SP: CA: Secondary Income: Credit (USD mn) 497.975 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
BoP: BPM6: SP: FA: OI: Net Incurrence of Liabilities (NI) (USD mn) 245.669 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
BoP: BPM6: SP: CA: Goods: Debit (Imports) (USD mn) 13,235.370 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
BoP: BPM6: SP: FA: FD: Net Incurrence of Liabilities (USD mn) -128.739 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
BoP: BPM6: SP: FA: PI: Net Acquisition of Financial Assets (NA) (USD mn) 3,874.850 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
BoP: BPM6: SP: CA: Services: Credit (Exports) (USD mn) 2,497.076 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
BoP: BPM6: SP: CA: Services: Debit (Imports) (USD mn) 2,542.609 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
BoP: BPM6: SP: CP: Debit (USD mn) 11.025 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
BoP: BPM6: SP: FA: Portfolio Investment (PI) (USD mn) 4,225.648 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
IIP: Liabilities (USD mn) 243,355.681 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Sep 2022
IIP: Assets (USD mn) 168,676.147 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Sep 2022
International Investment Position (IIP): Net (USD mn) -74,679.534 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Sep 2022
External Debt: Long Term (USD mn) 144,779.951 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Sep 2022
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 3.6 Nov 2022 monthly Apr 2008 - Nov 2022
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 13.7 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1997 - Sep 2022
Non-Performing Loans (USD mn) 1,814.657 Nov 2022 monthly Apr 2008 - Nov 2022
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 20,279.812 Dec 2022 monthly Dec 1993 - Dec 2022
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 60,575.716 Dec 2022 monthly Dec 1993 - Dec 2022
M2 Growth (%) 18.0 Dec 2022 monthly Dec 1994 - Dec 2022
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 2.0 Dec 2022 monthly Jun 2015 - Dec 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 10,313.9 Nov 2022 monthly Dec 2002 - Nov 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 4.657 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2002 - Sep 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 2.1 Nov 2022 monthly Dec 2002 - Nov 2022
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 20,491.000 Dec 2022 monthly Dec 1993 - Dec 2022
Total Deposits (USD mn) 66,865.363 Dec 2022 monthly Dec 1997 - Dec 2022
Total Deposits Growth (%) 14.1 Dec 2022 monthly Dec 1998 - Dec 2022
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 76,216.3 Dec 2022 monthly Dec 2001 - Dec 2022
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 10.5 Dec 2022 monthly Dec 2002 - Dec 2022
Household Debt (USD mn) 30,808.8 Dec 2022 monthly Dec 1997 - Dec 2022
Total Loans (USD mn) 47,421.202 Nov 2022 monthly Jan 1996 - Nov 2022
Total Loans Growth (%) 24.53 Nov 2022 monthly Jan 1997 - Nov 2022
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 21.89 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1996 - Sep 2022
Money Supply: M0 (KZT mn) 3,360,653.000 Dec 2022 monthly Dec 1993 - Dec 2022
Money Supply: M3 (KZT mn) 34,295,913.000 Dec 2022 monthly Dec 1993 - Dec 2022
Gross International Reserves (USD mn) 35,074.000 Dec 2022 monthly Dec 1993 - Dec 2022
Gross International Reserves: Assets in Convertible Foreign Currency (USD mn) 14,583.000 Dec 2022 monthly Dec 1993 - Dec 2022
Gross International Reserves: Gold (USD mn) 15,020.000 Jan 2019 monthly Dec 1993 - Jan 2019
Minimum Reserve Requirements: Short Term: National Currency (%) 2.000 Dec 2022 monthly Jun 2021 - Dec 2022
Depository Organization Deposits: Non Banking Legal Entities (KZT mn) 15,288,023.000 Dec 2022 monthly Dec 1997 - Dec 2022
Depository Organization Deposits (KZT mn) 30,935,260.000 Dec 2022 monthly Dec 1997 - Dec 2022
Depository Organization Deposits: Individuals (KZT mn) 15,647,236.000 Dec 2022 monthly Dec 1997 - Dec 2022
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Business Confidence Growth (% Point) -1.0 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2022
Entrepreneur Confidence Indicator: Trade (% Point) -2.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2014 - Sep 2022
Entrepreneur Confidence Indicator: Industry (% Point) 5.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2014 - Sep 2022

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