Pakistan External Debt: % of GDP

2000 - 2021 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about Pakistan External Debt: % of GDP

  • Pakistan External Debt accounted for 41.0 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2021, compared with the ratio of 43.0 % in the previous year.
  • Pakistan External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated yearly, available from Jun 2000 to Jun 2021.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 43.0 % in Jun 2020 and a record low of 24.1 % in Jun 2015.

CEIC calculates External Debt as % of Nominal GDP from annual External Debt and annual Nominal GDP. The State Bank of Pakistan provides External Debt in USD. The Pakistan Bureau of Statistics provides Nominal GDP in local currency. The State Bank of Pakistan average market exchange rate is used for currency conversions. External Debt as % of Nominal GDP is in annual frequency, ending in June of each year.


Related information about Pakistan External Debt: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports of Pakistan, Current Account recorded a deficit of 3.4 USD bn in Sep 2021.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 167.6 USD mn in Mar 2021.
  • Pakistan Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 35.0 USD mn in Sep 2021.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment increased by 879.0 USD mn in Sep 2021.
  • The country's External Debt reached 116,308.9 in Mar 2021.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 264.1 USD bn in Jun 2020.

View Pakistan's External Debt: % of GDP from 2000 to 2021 in the chart:

Pakistan External Debt: % of GDP

What was Pakistan's External Debt: % of GDP in 2021?

Pakistan External Debt accounted for 41.0 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2021, compared with the ratio of 43.0 % in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
41.0 2021 43.0 2020 24.1 2015 43.0 2020 % yearly 2000 - 2021

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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Includes External Debt: % of GDP on 108 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 65.4 2020 yearly 1991 - 2020
Algeria (%) 2.2 2019 yearly 1970 - 2019
Argentina (%) 70.7 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Armenia (%) 102.3 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Australia (%) 131.9 2020 yearly 1988 - 2020
Austria (%) 164.9 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Azerbaijan (%) 20.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2020
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 70.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2020
Belgium (%) 261.0 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Bolivia (%) 38.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 25.5 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Botswana (%) 8.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Brazil (%) 38.4 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
Bulgaria (%) 64.6 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Cambodia (%) 69.9 2020 yearly 2010 - 2020
Canada (%) 142.5 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Chile (%) 82.4 2020 yearly 1971 - 2020
China (%) 16.3 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Colombia (%) 56.7 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Croatia (%) 86.0 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Cyprus (%) 908.4 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Czech Republic (%) 75.5 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Denmark (%) 157.7 2020 yearly 2005 - 2020
Ecuador (%) 57.1 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Egypt (%) 33.9 Sep 2020 quarterly Jun 1999 - Sep 2020
Estonia (%) 91.1 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
European Union (%) 130.2 2020 yearly 2008 - 2020
Finland (%) 225.2 2020 yearly 1991 - 2020
France (%) 261.7 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Georgia (%) 130.2 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Germany (%) 163.3 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Ghana (%) 34.2 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Greece (%) 299.1 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 516.0 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Hungary (%) 155.9 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Iceland (%) 83.5 2020 yearly 1989 - 2020
India (%) 21.1 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Indonesia (%) 39.4 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Iran (%) 1.0 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (%) 701.2 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Israel (%) 32.9 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Italy (%) 140.2 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Ivory Coast (%) 24.0 2018 yearly 1994 - 2018
Japan (%) 92.8 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Jordan (%) 82.1 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Kazakhstan (%) 96.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2020
Kenya (%) 33.1 2019 yearly 2015 - 2019
South Korea (%) 33.3 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Kosovo (%) 37.2 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Kuwait (%) 50.5 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 112.3 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Laos (%) 52.6 2019 yearly 1996 - 2019
Latvia (%) 124.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
Lebanon (%) 62.8 2019 yearly 2007 - 2019
Lithuania (%) 75.7 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Luxembourg (%) 5,166.8 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
North Macedonia (%) 80.2 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Malawi (%) 39.4 2014 yearly 2006 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 67.6 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Malta (%) 677.1 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Mauritius (%) 2,062.5 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Mexico (%) 42.8 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Moldova (%) 70.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Mongolia (%) 243.1 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
Montenegro (%) 203.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Morocco (%) 53.6 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Mozambique (%) 71.8 2017 yearly 1985 - 2017
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 443.8 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
New Zealand (%) 89.9 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020
Nigeria (%) 7.8 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Norway (%) 180.9 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Pakistan (%) 41.0 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Palestinian Territory (%) 35.4 2018 yearly 2012 - 2018
Panama (%) 198.0 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Paraguay (%) 53.7 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Peru (%) 43.3 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Philippines (%) 27.2 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Poland (%) 60.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Portugal (%) 205.2 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 57.9 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Russia (%) 31.4 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020
Serbia (%) 61.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Singapore (%) 471.3 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Slovakia (%) 120.5 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Slovenia (%) 101.9 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
South Africa (%) 50.8 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Spain (%) 198.8 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Sri Lanka (%) 61.1 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Sudan (%) 105.1 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Sweden (%) 164.1 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Switzerland (%) 280.2 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Taiwan (%) 28.4 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Tajikistan (%) 37.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Thailand (%) 36.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2020
Tunisia (%) 100.9 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Turkey (%) 60.4 2020 yearly 1989 - 2020
Ukraine (%) 80.8 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020

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Pakistan Key Series

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Includes 219 key indicators for Pakistan, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -8.1 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -25,313.496 2019 yearly 1991 - 2019
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 9,350.812 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2000 - Sep 2021
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 5.9 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 84.1 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Forecast: Government Expenditure (PKR bn) 17,169.390 2026 yearly 1993 - 2026
Forecast: Government Net Debt (PKR bn) 54,941.780 2026 yearly 1994 - 2026
Forecast: Government Revenue (PKR bn) 14,413.040 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
CG Revenue: ytd: Tax (PKR mn) 1,532,779.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2000 - Sep 2021
CG Revenue: ytd: Tax: GS: Excise Duty (PKR mn) 2,151.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2000 - Sep 2021
Consolidated Govt (CG) Revenue: ytd (PKR mn) 1,808,511.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2000 - Sep 2021
CG Expenditure: ytd: Current (PKR mn) 1,968,176.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2000 - Sep 2021
Consolidated Govt (CG) Expenditure: ytd (PKR mn) 2,247,002.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2000 - Sep 2021
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 1.750 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Trade Balance (USD mn) -4,900.9 Dec 2021 monthly Jan 1968 - Dec 2021
Total Exports (USD mn) 2,194.0 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - Apr 2021
Total Exports Growth (%) 29.3 Dec 2021 monthly Dec 1988 - Dec 2021
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 18,233.784 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 230,583.391 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 6,541.508 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Imports (USD mn) 5,299.0 May 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2021
Total Imports Growth (%) 70.2 Dec 2021 monthly Dec 1988 - Dec 2021
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 507,352.644 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 507,230.454 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 335.942 Jan 2020 monthly Jan 1969 - Jan 2020
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 280.511 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2006 - Mar 2021
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 235.137 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2006 - Apr 2021
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 1,236.577 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2006 - Apr 2021
Exports: Petroleum & Coal (PKR mn) 5,757.000 Nov 2021 monthly Sep 1999 - Nov 2021
Trade Balance: USD (USD mn) -3,192.00 Jul 2018 monthly Jan 1996 - Jul 2018
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 35.0 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2021
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -3,421.0 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 1976 - Sep 2021
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -0.6 2021 yearly 1977 - 2021
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 167.6 Mar 2021 monthly Jul 1997 - Mar 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.6 2021 yearly 1977 - 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 879.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) -0.2 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) -22.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Mar 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) 190.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Mar 2021
External Debt (USD mn) 116,308.9 Mar 2021 quarterly Jun 2006 - Mar 2021
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 41.0 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 4,625.8 Sep 2021 quarterly Jun 2006 - Sep 2021
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 1.4 2021 yearly 2006 - 2021
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -4.449 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) -121,056.005 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2009 - Dec 2020
BoP: Credit: Current Account (CA) (USD mn) 17,610.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2021
BoP: Capital Account (CP) (USD mn) 62.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2021
BoP: Cr: Capital Account (CP) (USD mn) 62.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2021
BoP: FA: Other Investment (OI) (USD mn) -4,355.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2021
BoP: CA: Primary Income (PI) (USD mn) -968.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2021
BoP: CA: Secondary Income (USD mn) 8,524.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2021
BoP: CA: GS: Goods (USD mn) -10,217.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2021
BoP: CA: GS: Services (USD mn) -760.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2021
BoP: FA: Financial Derivatives & Employee Stock Options (USD mn) -1.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2021
BoP: FA: Direct Investment (USD mn) -404.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2021
BoP: Cr: CA: Secondary Income (USD mn) 8,600.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2021
BoP: Debit: Current Account (CA) (USD mn) 21,031.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2021
BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment: Assets (USD mn) -69.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2021
BoP: FA: Direct Investment: Assets (USD mn) 35.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2021
BoP: Financial Account (FA): Liabilities (USD mn) 5,599.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2021
BoP: Financial Account (FA): Assets (USD mn) 1,996.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2021
BoP: Cr: CA: GS: Goods (USD mn) 7,233.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2021
BoP: Dr: CA: GS: Goods (USD mn) 17,450.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2021
BoP: Cr: CA: Primary Income (PI) (USD mn) 187.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2021
BoP: Dr: CA: Primary Income (PI) (USD mn) 1,155.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2021
BoP: Dr: CA: GS: Services (USD mn) 2,350.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2021
BoP: Cr: CA: GS: Services (USD mn) 1,590.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2021
BoP: FA: Other Investment (OI): Assets (USD mn) 166.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2021
BoP: Dr: CA: Secondary Income (USD mn) 76.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2021
BoP: Errors and Omissions (USD mn) -185.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2021
BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment: Liabilities (USD mn) 879.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2021
BoP: FA: Other Investment (OI): Liabilities (USD mn) 4,521.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2021
BoP: Financial Account (FA) (USD mn) -5,708.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2021
BoP: FA: Reserve Assets (RA) (USD mn) 1,941.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2021
BoP: Dr: Capital Account (CP) (USD mn) 0.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2021
BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment (USD mn) -948.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2021
IIP: Assets (USD mn) 30,666.951 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
International Investment Position (IIP): Net (USD mn) -117,724.961 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
IIP: Liabilities (USD mn) 148,391.913 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
External Debt: Public (USD mn) 99,667.218 Sep 2021 quarterly Jun 2006 - Sep 2021
External Debt: Private Sector (USD mn) 11,094.496 Sep 2021 quarterly Jun 2006 - Sep 2021
Workers' Remittances (USD mn) 2,351.858 Nov 2021 monthly Jul 1972 - Nov 2021
Foreign Investment: Direct Investment: Switzerland (USD mn) 4.157 Nov 2021 monthly Jul 2001 - Nov 2021
Foreign Investment: Direct Investment: Outflow: China (USD mn) 2.662 Nov 2021 monthly Jul 2012 - Nov 2021
Foreign Investment: Direct Investment: Outflow: United Kingdom (USD mn) 4.515 Nov 2021 monthly Jul 2012 - Nov 2021
Foreign Investment: Direct Investment: United States (USD mn) 15.525 Nov 2021 monthly Jul 2001 - Nov 2021
Foreign Investment: Direct Investment: Outflow: United States (USD mn) 0.091 Nov 2021 monthly Jul 2012 - Nov 2021
Foreign Investment: Direct Investment: Italy (USD mn) 4.316 Nov 2021 monthly Jul 2011 - Nov 2021
Foreign Investment: Direct Investment: Outflow: U.A.E (USD mn) 5.381 Nov 2021 monthly Jul 2012 - Nov 2021
Foreign Investment: Direct Investment: Hong Kong (USD mn) 20.848 Nov 2021 monthly Jul 2001 - Nov 2021
Foreign Investment: Direct Investment: United Kingdom (USD mn) 8.677 Nov 2021 monthly Jul 2001 - Nov 2021
Foreign Investment: Direct Investment: Outflow: Saudi Arabia (USD mn) 0.055 Nov 2021 monthly Jul 2012 - Nov 2021
FDI: Chemicals (USD mn) -1.477 Nov 2021 monthly Jul 2001 - Nov 2021
FDI: Food (USD mn) 3.691 Nov 2021 monthly Jul 2001 - Nov 2021
FDI: Tobacco & Cigarettes (USD mn) -0.789 Nov 2021 monthly Jul 2001 - Nov 2021
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 9.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2006 - Dec 2020
Non-Performing Loans (USD mn) 5,239.728 Sep 2021 quarterly Sep 2003 - Sep 2021
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 49,339.343 Nov 2021 monthly Jul 1991 - Nov 2021
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 136,352.106 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1988 - Nov 2021
M2 Growth (%) 13.8 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1989 - Nov 2021
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 5.0 Apr 2021 monthly Jul 2006 - Apr 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 14,401.3 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1959 - Nov 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 5.000 Apr 2021 monthly Jul 2006 - Apr 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 2.1 Dec 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - Dec 2021
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 3,750.476 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1956 - Nov 2021
Total Deposits (USD mn) 108,140.991 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Total Deposits Growth (%) 18.3 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 153,923.0 Nov 2021 monthly Jun 2008 - Nov 2021
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 13.1 Nov 2021 monthly Jun 2009 - Nov 2021
Total Loans (USD mn) 52,366.406 Feb 2021 monthly Sep 2007 - Feb 2021
Total Loans Growth (%) 4.44 Mar 2021 monthly Sep 2008 - Mar 2021
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 14.05 2020 yearly 2005 - 2020
Money Supply M0: Reserve Money (PKR mn) 8,690,998.000 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Nov 2021
ORA: Gold Including Gold Deposits and Gold Swapped (USD mn) 2,711.52 May 2018 monthly Oct 2003 - May 2018
ORA: Foreign Currency Reserves (FCR) (USD mn) 12,359.960 Nov 2021 monthly Oct 2003 - Nov 2021

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