Pakistan External Debt: % of GDP

2000 - 2022 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about Pakistan External Debt: % of GDP

  • Pakistan External Debt accounted for 34.5 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2022, compared with the ratio of 35.1 % in the previous year.
  • Pakistan External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated yearly, available from Jun 2000 to Jun 2022.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 41.7 % in Jun 2002 and a record low of 23.6 % in Jun 2016.

CEIC calculates External Debt as % of Nominal GDP from annual External Debt and annual Nominal GDP. The State Bank of Pakistan provides External Debt in USD. The Pakistan Bureau of Statistics provides Nominal GDP in local currency based on SNA 2008 with benchmark year 2015-2016. The State Bank of Pakistan average market exchange rate is used for currency conversions. Nominal GDP prior to 2016 is based on SNA 2008 with benchmark year 2005-2006. External Debt as % of Nominal GDP is in annual frequency, ending in June of each year.


Related information about Pakistan External Debt: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports of Pakistan, Current Account recorded a deficit of 2.2 USD bn in Sep 2022.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 83.9 USD mn in Sep 2022.
  • Pakistan Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 97.0 USD mn in Sep 2022.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment fell by 30.0 USD mn in Sep 2022.
  • The country's External Debt reached 126,914.2 in Sep 2022.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 377.3 USD bn in Jun 2022.

View Pakistan's External Debt: % of GDP from 2000 to 2022 in the chart:

Pakistan External Debt: % of GDP

What was Pakistan's External Debt: % of GDP in 2022?

Pakistan External Debt accounted for 34.5 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2022, compared with the ratio of 35.1 % in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
34.5 2022 35.1 2021 23.6 2016 41.7 2002 % yearly 2000 - 2022

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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Includes External Debt: % of GDP on 109 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 63.2 2021 yearly 1991 - 2021
Algeria (%) 2.4 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Argentina (%) 56.6 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Armenia (%) 99.9 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Australia (%) 116.1 2021 yearly 1988 - 2021
Austria (%) 163.3 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Azerbaijan (%) 14.9 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2021
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 58.5 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2022
Belgium (%) 258.3 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
Bolivia (%) 38.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 24.4 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Botswana (%) 8.6 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Brazil (%) 35.3 2021 yearly 1992 - 2021
Bulgaria (%) 58.4 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Cambodia (%) 75.1 2021 yearly 2010 - 2021
Canada (%) 135.9 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Chile (%) 75.4 2021 yearly 1971 - 2021
China (%) 15.5 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Colombia (%) 54.5 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Croatia (%) 74.6 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Cyprus (%) 699.5 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Czech Republic (%) 73.2 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Denmark (%) 151.0 2021 yearly 2005 - 2021
Ecuador (%) 54.0 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Egypt (%) 32.6 Jun 2022 quarterly Jun 1999 - Jun 2022
Estonia (%) 84.7 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
European Union (%) 129.4 2021 yearly 2008 - 2021
Finland (%) 208.1 2021 yearly 1991 - 2021
France (%) 256.2 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Georgia (%) 117.7 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Germany (%) 169.4 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Ghana (%) 35.8 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Greece (%) 305.3 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 510.6 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
Hungary (%) 157.7 2021 yearly 2006 - 2021
Iceland (%) 84.8 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021
India (%) 19.9 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Indonesia (%) 35.0 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Iran (%) 0.9 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (%) 681.1 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Israel (%) 32.8 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Italy (%) 138.0 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Ivory Coast (%) 24.0 2018 yearly 1994 - 2018
Japan (%) 97.9 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Jordan (%) 85.7 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Kazakhstan (%) 78.0 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2002 - Jun 2022
Kenya (%) 34.5 2021 yearly 2006 - 2021
South Korea (%) 34.9 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Kosovo (%) 37.4 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
Kuwait (%) 58.5 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 106.1 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Laos (%) 53.8 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Latvia (%) 107.8 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
Lebanon (%) 53.0 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Lithuania (%) 77.0 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Luxembourg (%) 4,874.0 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
North Macedonia (%) 81.4 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Malawi (%) 39.4 2014 yearly 2006 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 70.0 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Malta (%) 633.5 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Mauritius (%) 2,061.8 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Mexico (%) 47.1 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Moldova (%) 65.9 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Mongolia (%) 221.1 2021 yearly 1992 - 2021
Montenegro (%) 203.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Morocco (%) 46.9 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Mozambique (%) 71.7 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Myanmar (%) 16.7 2020 yearly 2018 - 2020
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 412.2 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
New Zealand (%) 87.9 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
Nigeria (%) 8.8 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Norway (%) 151.9 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Pakistan (%) 34.5 2022 yearly 2000 - 2022
Palestinian Territory (%) 12.0 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
Panama (%) 177.4 2021 yearly 2014 - 2021
Paraguay (%) 50.4 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Peru (%) 45.2 2021 yearly 1980 - 2021
Philippines (%) 27.0 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Poland (%) 56.6 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Portugal (%) 190.4 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 56.9 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Russia (%) 27.1 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
Serbia (%) 68.5 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Singapore (%) 448.3 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Slovakia (%) 135.1 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Slovenia (%) 97.3 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
South Africa (%) 38.3 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Spain (%) 192.9 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Sri Lanka (%) 57.7 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Sudan (%) 105.1 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Sweden (%) 169.6 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Switzerland (%) 292.0 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Taiwan (%) 27.6 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Tajikistan (%) 40.6 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Thailand (%) 37.9 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2022
Tunisia (%) 93.1 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Turkey (%) 54.2 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021

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Pakistan Key Series

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Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -6.1 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -21,267.845 2021 yearly 1991 - 2021
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 7,969.976 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2000 - Sep 2022
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 5.7 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 69.1 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Forecast: Government Expenditure (PKR bn) 21,951.367 2027 yearly 1993 - 2027
Forecast: Government Net Debt (PKR bn) 79,640.069 2027 yearly 1994 - 2027
Forecast: Government Revenue (PKR bn) 17,429.161 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
CG Revenue: ytd: Tax (PKR mn) 1,782,058.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2000 - Sep 2022
Consolidated Govt (CG) Revenue: ytd (PKR mn) 8,035,383.000 Jun 2022 quarterly Sep 2000 - Jun 2022
Consolidated Govt Revenue: Tax: Federal: Direct Tax (PKR mn) 1,731,860.000 2021 yearly 2016 - 2021
Consolidated Govt (CG) Expenditure: ytd (PKR mn) 13,295,275.000 Jun 2022 quarterly Sep 2000 - Jun 2022
CG Expenditure: ytd: Current (PKR mn) 2,538,111.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2000 - Sep 2022
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 5.621 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Trade Balance (USD mn) -2,326.7 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1968 - Oct 2022
Total Exports (USD mn) 2,383.9 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1996 - Oct 2022
Total Exports Growth (%) 24.3 Oct 2022 monthly Dec 1988 - Oct 2022
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 78,013.857 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 265,164.686 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 4,234.351 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Imports (USD mn) 4,710.6 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1996 - Oct 2022
Total Imports Growth (%) -5.0 Oct 2022 monthly Dec 1988 - Oct 2022
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 521,573.363 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 3,542,497.018 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 448.749 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1969 - Sep 2021
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 204.772 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 2006 - Aug 2022
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 167.923 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 2006 - Sep 2022
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 855.863 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 2006 - Sep 2022
Exports: Petroleum & Coal (PKR mn) 11,490.000 Oct 2022 monthly Sep 1999 - Oct 2022
Trade Balance: USD (USD mn) -3,192.00 Jul 2018 monthly Jan 1996 - Jul 2018
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 97.0 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2022
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -2,254.0 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1976 - Sep 2022
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -4.6 2022 yearly 1977 - 2022
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 94.9 Oct 2022 monthly Jul 1997 - Oct 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.5 2022 yearly 1977 - 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) -30.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) -0.0 2022 yearly 2003 - 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) -11.0 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) -193.000 Jun 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2022
External Debt (USD mn) 126,914.2 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 2006 - Sep 2022
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 34.5 2022 yearly 2000 - 2022
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 4,270.9 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 2006 - Sep 2022
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 1.2 2022 yearly 2006 - 2022
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -17.318 2022 yearly 1980 - 2022
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) -133,065.226 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2009 - Jun 2022
BoP: Errors and Omissions (USD mn) -66.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2022
BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment: Liabilities (USD mn) -30.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2022
BoP: FA: Other Investment (OI): Liabilities (USD mn) 97.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2022
BoP: CA: GS: Goods (USD mn) -8,487.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2022
BoP: CA: GS: Services (USD mn) -641.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2022
BoP: FA: Financial Derivatives & Employee Stock Options (USD mn) 0.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2022
BoP: FA: Direct Investment (USD mn) -481.000 Jun 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2022
BoP: Debit: Current Account (CA) (USD mn) 19,649.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2022
BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment: Assets (USD mn) -1.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2022
BoP: Cr: CA: GS: Goods (USD mn) 7,543.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2022
BoP: Dr: CA: GS: Goods (USD mn) 16,030.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2022
BoP: CA: Primary Income (PI) (USD mn) -1,398.000 Jun 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2022
BoP: CA: Secondary Income (USD mn) 7,856.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2022
BoP: Cr: CA: Primary Income (PI) (USD mn) 257.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2022
BoP: Dr: CA: Primary Income (PI) (USD mn) 1,239.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2022
BoP: Dr: CA: GS: Services (USD mn) 2,341.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2022
BoP: FA: Other Investment (OI) (USD mn) -158.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2022
BoP: Cr: CA: GS: Services (USD mn) 1,700.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2022
BoP: FA: Other Investment (OI): Assets (USD mn) -61.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2022
BoP: Dr: CA: Secondary Income (USD mn) 39.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2022
BoP: Cr: CA: Secondary Income (USD mn) 7,884.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2022
BoP: FA: Direct Investment: Assets (USD mn) 97.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2022
BoP: Financial Account (FA): Liabilities (USD mn) 231.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2022
BoP: Financial Account (FA): Assets (USD mn) -1,195.000 Jun 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2022
BoP: Credit: Current Account (CA) (USD mn) 17,395.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2022
BoP: Capital Account (CP) (USD mn) 35.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2022
BoP: Cr: Capital Account (CP) (USD mn) 33.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2022
BoP: Financial Account (FA) (USD mn) -286.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2022
BoP: FA: Reserve Assets (RA) (USD mn) -2,200.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2022
BoP: Dr: Capital Account (CP) (USD mn) 0.000 Jun 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2022
BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 29.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2022
International Investment Position (IIP): Net (USD mn) -127,385.833 2021 yearly 2014 - 2021
IIP: Liabilities (USD mn) 160,921.569 2021 yearly 2014 - 2021
IIP: Assets (USD mn) 33,535.736 2021 yearly 2014 - 2021
Workers' Remittances (USD mn) 2,215.668 Oct 2022 monthly Jul 1972 - Oct 2022
Foreign Investment: Direct Investment: Hong Kong (USD mn) 0.417 Oct 2022 monthly Jul 2001 - Oct 2022
Foreign Investment: Direct Investment: Outflow: United Kingdom (USD mn) 5.336 Oct 2022 monthly Jul 2012 - Oct 2022
Foreign Investment: Direct Investment: United States (USD mn) 6.332 Oct 2022 monthly Jul 2001 - Oct 2022
Foreign Investment: Direct Investment: Outflow: United States (USD mn) 0.019 Oct 2022 monthly Jul 2012 - Oct 2022
Foreign Investment: Direct Investment: Italy (USD mn) 0.300 Oct 2022 monthly Jul 2011 - Oct 2022
Foreign Investment: Direct Investment: Outflow: U.A.E (USD mn) 0.645 Oct 2022 monthly Jul 2012 - Oct 2022
Foreign Investment: Direct Investment: Switzerland (USD mn) 11.656 Sep 2022 monthly Jul 2001 - Sep 2022
Foreign Investment: Direct Investment: United Kingdom (USD mn) 1.100 Oct 2022 monthly Jul 2001 - Oct 2022
Foreign Investment: Direct Investment: Outflow: Saudi Arabia (USD mn) 0.000 Oct 2022 monthly Jul 2012 - Oct 2022
Foreign Investment: Direct Investment: Outflow: China (USD mn) 0.693 Oct 2022 monthly Jul 2012 - Oct 2022
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 7.6 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2006 - Sep 2022
Non-Performing Loans (USD mn) 3,977.667 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2003 - Sep 2022
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 40,483.354 Sep 2022 monthly Jul 1991 - Sep 2022
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 121,660.023 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 1988 - Sep 2022
M2 Growth (%) 14.2 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 1989 - Sep 2022
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 5.0 Aug 2022 monthly Jul 2006 - Aug 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 9,711.5 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1959 - Oct 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 5.000 Oct 2022 monthly Jul 2006 - Oct 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 2.1 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1996 - Oct 2022
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 3,475.029 Sep 2022 monthly Dec 1956 - Sep 2022
Total Deposits (USD mn) 114,202.716 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Total Deposits Growth (%) 16.9 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 142,776.3 Sep 2022 monthly Jun 2008 - Sep 2022
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 22.6 Jul 2022 monthly Jun 2009 - Jul 2022
Total Loans (USD mn) 46,783.991 Sep 2022 monthly Sep 2007 - Sep 2022
Total Loans Growth (%) 19.03 Sep 2022 monthly Sep 2008 - Sep 2022
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 11.87 2022 yearly 2005 - 2022
Money Supply M0: Reserve Money (PKR mn) 9,293,629.000 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2022
ORA: Gold Including Gold Deposits and Gold Swapped (USD mn) 2,711.52 May 2018 monthly Oct 2003 - May 2018
ORA: Foreign Currency Reserves (FCR) (USD mn) 8,307.936 Sep 2022 monthly Oct 2003 - Sep 2022

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