Pakistan External Debt

2006 - 2021 | Quarterly | USD mn | State Bank of Pakistan

Key information about Pakistan`s External Debt

  • Pakistan External Debt reached 116.3 USD bn in Mar 2021, compared with 117.1 USD bn in the previous quarter.
  • Pakistan External Debt: USD mn data is updated quarterly, available from Jun 2006 to Mar 2021.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 117.1 USD bn in Dec 2020 and a record low of 37.2 USD bn in Jun 2006.


Related information about Pakistan`s External Debt
  • In the latest reports of Pakistan, Current Account recorded a deficit of 2.5 USD bn in Jun 2021.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 167.6 USD mn in Mar 2021.
  • Pakistan Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 13.0 USD mn in Jun 2021.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment increased by 3.0 USD bn in Jun 2021.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 264.1 USD bn in Jun 2020.

View Pakistan's External Debt from Jun 2006 to Mar 2021 in the chart:

Pakistan External Debt

What was Pakistan's External Debt in Mar 2021?

Pakistan External Debt reached 116.3 USD bn in Mar 2021, compared with 117.1 USD bn in the previous quarter. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
116,308.9 Mar 2021 117,115.1 Dec 2020 37,228.8 Jun 2006 117,115.1 Dec 2020 USD mn quarterly Jun 2006 - Mar 2021

External Debt by Country Comparison

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Includes External Debt on 109 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (USD mn) 10,439.7 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2003 - Jun 2021
Algeria (USD mn) 3,838.0 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 2007 - Dec 2019
Argentina (USD mn) 271,505.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2006 - Dec 2020
Armenia (USD mn) 6,753.6 May 2021 monthly Dec 2012 - May 2021
Australia (USD mn) 1,848,275.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Sep 1988 - Mar 2021
Austria (USD mn) 757,055.3 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1997 - Dec 2020
Azerbaijan (USD mn) 8,821.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2020
Bangladesh (USD mn) 70,671.3 Dec 2020 quarterly Sep 2011 - Dec 2020
Belarus (USD mn) 41,158.7 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1995 - Mar 2021
Belgium (USD mn) 1,436,430.8 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2007 - Mar 2021
Bolivia (USD mn) 13,510.6 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 2006 - Jun 2020
Bosnia and Herzegovina (USD mn) 5,311.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Mar 2021
Botswana (USD mn) 1,294.1 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Brazil (USD mn) 548,388.8 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2021
Bulgaria (USD mn) 46,544.2 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Jun 2021
Cambodia (USD mn) 17,824.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2010 - Mar 2021
Canada (USD mn) 2,478,436.0 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1990 - Jun 2021
Chile (USD mn) 224,052.9 Jul 2021 monthly Dec 1995 - Jul 2021
China (USD mn) 2,526,600.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Jun 2003 - Mar 2021
Colombia (USD mn) 153,628.4 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Mar 2021
Croatia (USD mn) 53,596.6 May 2021 monthly Dec 1998 - May 2021
Cyprus (USD mn) 225,569.2 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2021
Czech Republic (USD mn) 201,108.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1993 - Dec 2020
Denmark (USD mn) 602,574.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2005 - Dec 2020
Ecuador (USD mn) 55,525.7 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jul 2021
Egypt (USD mn) 129,195.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Jun 1997 - Dec 2020
Estonia (USD mn) 31,106.3 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1996 - Jun 2021
European Union (USD mn) 18,103,392.6 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2021
Finland (USD mn) 690,274.7 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1991 - Mar 2021
France (USD mn) 7,379,997.5 Mar 2021 quarterly Jun 2004 - Mar 2021
Georgia (USD mn) 20,592.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2021
Germany (USD mn) 6,741,344.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Jun 1999 - Dec 2020
Ghana (USD mn) 24,598.8 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2012 - Mar 2021
Greece (USD mn) 591,346.7 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2003 - Mar 2021
Hong Kong SAR, China (USD mn) 1,776,248.4 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2001 - Mar 2021
Hungary (USD mn) 261,550.8 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2006 - Mar 2021
Iceland (USD mn) 20,262.0 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 1989 - Jun 2021
India (USD mn) 563,486.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Sep 1999 - Dec 2020
Indonesia (USD mn) 417,950.3 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2008 - Apr 2021
Iran (USD mn) 9,142.0 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (USD mn) 3,211,912.2 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2002 - Jun 2021
Israel (USD mn) 132,488.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2011 - Dec 2020
Italy (USD mn) 2,753,981.3 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2002 - Mar 2021
Ivory Coast (USD mn) 19,182.3 2019 yearly 1970 - 2019
Japan (USD mn) 4,574,792.2 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2003 - Jun 2021
Jordan (USD mn) 35,466.1 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2006 - Mar 2021
Kazakhstan (USD mn) 163,360.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2020
Kenya (USD mn) 37,230.4 Jun 2021 monthly Sep 1999 - Jun 2021
South Korea (USD mn) 565,896.7 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1994 - Mar 2021
Kosovo (USD mn) 2,952.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2011 - Mar 2021
Kuwait (USD mn) 53,819.1 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2018 - Sep 2020
Kyrgyzstan (USD mn) 8,693.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2005 - Dec 2020
Laos (USD mn) 9,935.6 2019 yearly 1996 - 2019
Latvia (USD mn) 42,960.8 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2021
Lebanon (USD mn) 33,676.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2007 - Dec 2020
Lithuania (USD mn) 41,795.5 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1996 - Mar 2021
Luxembourg (USD mn) 3,971,387.2 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2002 - Mar 2021
North Macedonia (USD mn) 10,598.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2005 - Dec 2020
Malawi (MWK mn) 2,021,553.2 2020 yearly 1984 - 2020
Malaysia (USD mn) 246,067.8 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2009 - Jun 2021
Malta (USD mn) 105,404.3 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2004 - Mar 2021
Mauritius (USD mn) 224,205.2 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2009 - Jun 2021
Mexico (USD mn) 462,504.4 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2020
Moldova (USD mn) 8,253.9 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2011 - Mar 2021
Mongolia (USD mn) 32,958.1 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2021
Montenegro (USD mn) 8,339.4 2019 yearly 2006 - 2019
Morocco (USD mn) 59,925.9 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2006 - Mar 2021
Mozambique (USD mn) 9,486.1 2017 yearly 1985 - 2017
Myanmar (USD mn) 11,114.4 2019 yearly 1970 - 2019
Nepal (USD mn) 7,121.3 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 2012 - Jun 2020
Netherlands (USD mn) 4,204,163.1 Mar 2021 quarterly Jun 2003 - Mar 2021
New Zealand (USD mn) 201,158.8 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1993 - Mar 2021
Nigeria (USD mn) 32,860.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2006 - Mar 2021
Norway (USD mn) 710,685.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2003 - Mar 2021
Pakistan (USD mn) 116,308.9 Mar 2021 quarterly Jun 2006 - Mar 2021
Palestinian Territory (USD mn) 2,052.0 Dec 2020 monthly Dec 2012 - Dec 2020
Panama (USD mn) 31,734.8 May 2021 monthly Jul 2004 - May 2021
Paraguay (USD mn) 19,549.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
Peru (USD mn) 93,270.7 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1980 - Mar 2021
Philippines (USD mn) 97,047.4 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Mar 2021
Poland (USD mn) 372,028.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
Portugal (USD mn) 492,790.7 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1996 - Jun 2021
Qatar (USD mn) 103,900.0 2010 yearly 2000 - 2010
Romania (USD mn) 151,681.7 Jun 2021 monthly Dec 2004 - Jun 2021
Russia (USD mn) 471,385.0 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2000 - Jun 2021
Serbia (USD mn) 37,684.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2003 - Dec 2020
Singapore (USD mn) 1,664,505.3 Mar 2021 quarterly Jun 2003 - Mar 2021
Slovakia (USD mn) 128,117.9 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1993 - Mar 2021
Slovenia (USD mn) 59,253.0 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Jun 2021
South Africa (USD mn) 170,836.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1985 - Dec 2020
Spain (USD mn) 2,665,703.3 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1993 - Mar 2021
Sri Lanka (USD mn) 49,211.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2012 - Dec 2020
Sudan (USD mn) 51,200.0 2019 yearly 2001 - 2019
Sweden (USD mn) 1,088,950.9 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2021
Switzerland (USD mn) 2,227,086.4 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2021
Taiwan (USD mn) 209,223.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Jun 1999 - Mar 2021
Tajikistan (USD mn) 6,608.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Jun 2015 - Dec 2020
Thailand (USD mn) 186,397.4 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
Tunisia (USD mn) 41,085.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2009 - Dec 2020
Turkey (USD mn) 450,047.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1989 - Dec 2020

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Pakistan Key Series

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Includes 213 key indicators for Pakistan, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -8.1 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -25,313.496 2019 yearly 1991 - 2019
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 34,198.819 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2000 - Jun 2021
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 5.9 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 84.1 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Forecast: Government Expenditure (PKR bn) 16,834.870 2026 yearly 1993 - 2026
Forecast: Government Net Debt (PKR bn) 53,773.430 2026 yearly 1994 - 2026
Forecast: Government Revenue (PKR bn) 14,431.990 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 3.259 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Trade Balance (USD mn) -4,229.0 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1968 - Aug 2021
Total Exports (USD mn) 2,194.0 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - Apr 2021
Total Exports Growth (%) 38.4 Aug 2021 monthly Dec 1988 - Aug 2021
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 18,233.785 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 230,583.391 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 6,541.508 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Imports (USD mn) 5,299.0 May 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2021
Total Imports Growth (%) 91.3 Aug 2021 monthly Dec 1988 - Aug 2021
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 507,352.644 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 507,230.454 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 335.942 Jan 2020 monthly Jan 1969 - Jan 2020
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 280.511 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2006 - Mar 2021
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 235.137 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2006 - Apr 2021
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 1,236.577 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2006 - Apr 2021
Exports: Petroleum & Coal (PKR mn) 4,693.000 Jul 2021 monthly Sep 1999 - Jul 2021
Trade Balance: USD (USD mn) -3,192.00 Jul 2018 monthly Jan 1996 - Jul 2018
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 13.0 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2021
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -2,457.0 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1976 - Jun 2021
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -0.6 2021 yearly 1977 - 2021
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 167.6 Mar 2021 monthly Jul 1997 - Mar 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.6 2021 yearly 1977 - 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 3,029.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) -0.2 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) -22.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Mar 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) 190.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Mar 2021
External Debt (USD mn) 116,308.9 Mar 2021 quarterly Jun 2006 - Mar 2021
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 41.0 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 4,142.5 Jun 2021 quarterly Jun 2006 - Jun 2021
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 1.4 2021 yearly 2006 - 2021
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -2.970 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) -121,056.005 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2009 - Dec 2020
BoP: CA: Primary Income (PI) (USD mn) -1,143.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: CA: Secondary Income (USD mn) 8,417.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: Financial Account (FA) (USD mn) -6,518.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: FA: Reserve Assets (RA) (USD mn) 3,715.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: Dr: Capital Account (CP) (USD mn) 0.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment (USD mn) -3,066.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: Errors and Omissions (USD mn) -100.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment: Liabilities (USD mn) 3,029.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: FA: Other Investment (OI): Liabilities (USD mn) 2,018.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: FA: Other Investment (OI) (USD mn) -2,974.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: Cr: CA: GS: Services (USD mn) 1,572.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: FA: Other Investment (OI): Assets (USD mn) -956.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: Dr: CA: Secondary Income (USD mn) 68.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: Cr: CA: Secondary Income (USD mn) 8,485.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: Credit: Current Account (CA) (USD mn) 17,154.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: Capital Account (CP) (USD mn) 55.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: Cr: Capital Account (CP) (USD mn) 55.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: FA: Direct Investment: Assets (USD mn) 13.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: Financial Account (FA): Liabilities (USD mn) 5,573.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: Financial Account (FA): Assets (USD mn) 2,759.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: Debit: Current Account (CA) (USD mn) 19,611.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment: Assets (USD mn) -37.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: Cr: CA: Primary Income (PI) (USD mn) 169.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: Dr: CA: Primary Income (PI) (USD mn) 1,312.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: Dr: CA: GS: Services (USD mn) 1,971.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: Cr: CA: GS: Goods (USD mn) 6,928.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: Dr: CA: GS: Goods (USD mn) 16,260.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: CA: GS: Goods (USD mn) -9,332.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: CA: GS: Services (USD mn) -399.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: FA: Financial Derivatives & Employee Stock Options (USD mn) 0.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: FA: Direct Investment (USD mn) -478.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2021
IIP: Assets (USD mn) 30,666.951 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
IIP: Liabilities (USD mn) 148,391.913 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
International Investment Position (IIP): Net (USD mn) -117,724.961 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Workers' Remittances (USD mn) 2,657.496 Aug 2021 monthly Jul 1972 - Aug 2021
Foreign Investment: Direct Investment: Hong Kong (USD mn) 12.349 Jul 2021 monthly Jul 2001 - Jul 2021
Foreign Investment: Direct Investment: United Kingdom (USD mn) 9.127 Jul 2021 monthly Jul 2001 - Jul 2021
Foreign Investment: Direct Investment: Outflow: Saudi Arabia (USD mn) 0.055 Jul 2021 monthly Jul 2012 - Jul 2021
Foreign Investment: Direct Investment: Outflow: United Kingdom (USD mn) 3.424 Jul 2021 monthly Jul 2012 - Jul 2021
Foreign Investment: Direct Investment: United States (USD mn) 14.860 Jul 2021 monthly Jul 2001 - Jul 2021
Foreign Investment: Direct Investment: Switzerland (USD mn) 4.201 Jul 2021 monthly Jul 2001 - Jul 2021
Foreign Investment: Direct Investment: Outflow: China (USD mn) 15.226 Jul 2021 monthly Jul 2012 - Jul 2021
Foreign Investment: Direct Investment: Outflow: United States (USD mn) 0.136 Jul 2021 monthly Jul 2012 - Jul 2021
Foreign Investment: Direct Investment: Italy (USD mn) 3.782 Jul 2021 monthly Jul 2011 - Jul 2021
Foreign Investment: Direct Investment: Outflow: U.A.E (USD mn) 5.703 Jul 2021 monthly Jul 2012 - Jul 2021
FDI: Chemicals (USD mn) -2.376 Jul 2021 monthly Jul 2001 - Jul 2021
FDI: Tobacco & Cigarettes (USD mn) -0.789 Jul 2021 monthly Jul 2001 - Jul 2021
FDI: Food (USD mn) 2.427 Jul 2021 monthly Jul 2001 - Jul 2021
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 9.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2006 - Dec 2020
Non-Performing Loans (USD mn) 5,499.385 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2003 - Jun 2021
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 54,204.904 Jul 2021 monthly Jul 1991 - Jul 2021
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 147,532.823 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1988 - Jul 2021
M2 Growth (%) 15.2 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1989 - Jul 2021
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 5.0 Apr 2021 monthly Jul 2006 - Apr 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 18,874.5 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1959 - Jul 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 5.000 Apr 2021 monthly Jul 2006 - Apr 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 3.4 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - Jul 2021
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 3,794.852 Jul 2021 monthly Dec 1956 - Jul 2021
Total Deposits (USD mn) 108,140.991 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Total Deposits Growth (%) 18.3 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 161,396.1 Jul 2021 monthly Jun 2008 - Jul 2021
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 10.9 Jul 2021 monthly Jun 2009 - Jul 2021
Total Loans (USD mn) 52,366.406 Feb 2021 monthly Sep 2007 - Feb 2021
Total Loans Growth (%) 4.44 Mar 2021 monthly Sep 2008 - Mar 2021
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 14.05 2020 yearly 2005 - 2020
Money Supply M0: Reserve Money (PKR mn) 8,773,931.000 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Jul 2021
ORA: Gold Including Gold Deposits and Gold Swapped (USD mn) 2,711.52 May 2018 monthly Oct 2003 - May 2018
ORA: Foreign Currency Reserves (FCR) (USD mn) 17,527.501 Jul 2021 monthly Oct 2003 - Jul 2021

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