Egypt External Debt: % of GDP

1999 - 2022 | Quarterly | % | Central Bank of Egypt

Key information about Egypt External Debt: % of GDP

  • Egypt External Debt accounted for 34.6 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2022, compared with the ratio of 33.2 % in the previous quarter.
  • Egypt External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated quarterly, available from Jun 1999 to Mar 2022.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 41.5 % in Jun 2003 and a record low of 12.0 % in Sep 2012.




Related information about Egypt External Debt: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports of Egypt, Current Account recorded a deficit of 5.8 USD bn in Mar 2022.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 4.1 USD bn in Mar 2022.
  • Egypt Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 82.9 USD mn in Mar 2022.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment fell by 14.8 USD bn in Mar 2022.
  • The country's External Debt reached 157,801.0 in Mar 2022.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 96.2 USD bn in Jun 2021.

View Egypt's External Debt: % of GDP from Jun 1999 to Mar 2022 in the chart:

Egypt External Debt: % of GDP

What was Egypt's External Debt: % of GDP in Mar 2022?

Egypt External Debt accounted for 34.6 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2022, compared with the ratio of 33.2 % in the previous quarter. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
34.6 Mar 2022 33.2 Dec 2021 12.0 Sep 2012 41.5 Jun 2003 % quarterly Jun 1999 - Mar 2022

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

Buy Selected Data

Includes External Debt: % of GDP on 108 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 63.1 2021 yearly 1991 - 2021
Algeria (%) 2.4 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Argentina (%) 56.6 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Armenia (%) 99.9 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Australia (%) 116.1 2021 yearly 1988 - 2021
Austria (%) 161.7 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Azerbaijan (%) 14.9 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2021
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 58.5 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2022
Belgium (%) 258.0 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
Bolivia (%) 38.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 25.5 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Botswana (%) 8.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Brazil (%) 35.3 2021 yearly 1992 - 2021
Bulgaria (%) 61.8 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Cambodia (%) 75.1 2021 yearly 2010 - 2021
Canada (%) 135.9 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Chile (%) 75.4 2021 yearly 1971 - 2021
China (%) 15.5 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Colombia (%) 54.6 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Croatia (%) 74.6 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Cyprus (%) 822.3 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Czech Republic (%) 73.2 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Denmark (%) 149.9 2021 yearly 2005 - 2021
Ecuador (%) 54.1 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Egypt (%) 34.6 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 1999 - Mar 2022
Estonia (%) 84.7 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
European Union (%) 130.0 2021 yearly 2008 - 2021
Finland (%) 205.9 2021 yearly 1991 - 2021
France (%) 256.2 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Georgia (%) 117.5 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Germany (%) 170.3 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Ghana (%) 35.6 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Greece (%) 304.3 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 510.6 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
Hungary (%) 155.5 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Iceland (%) 84.8 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021
India (%) 19.9 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Indonesia (%) 35.1 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Iran (%) 1.0 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (%) 688.8 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Israel (%) 32.8 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Italy (%) 137.6 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Ivory Coast (%) 24.0 2018 yearly 1994 - 2018
Japan (%) 97.9 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Jordan (%) 86.6 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Kazakhstan (%) 81.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2002 - Mar 2022
Kenya (%) 35.3 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
South Korea (%) 34.9 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Kosovo (%) 38.1 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
Kuwait (%) 58.5 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 106.1 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Laos (%) 53.8 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Latvia (%) 107.8 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
Lebanon (%) 53.0 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Lithuania (%) 76.6 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Luxembourg (%) 4,791.4 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
North Macedonia (%) 81.4 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Malawi (%) 39.4 2014 yearly 2006 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 70.0 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Malta (%) 633.5 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Mauritius (%) 2,062.5 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Mexico (%) 47.0 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Moldova (%) 65.9 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Mongolia (%) 221.1 2021 yearly 1992 - 2021
Montenegro (%) 203.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Morocco (%) 46.9 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Mozambique (%) 71.7 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 412.2 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
New Zealand (%) 87.1 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
Nigeria (%) 8.8 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Norway (%) 154.4 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Pakistan (%) 34.5 2022 yearly 2000 - 2022
Palestinian Territory (%) 12.0 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
Panama (%) 177.4 2021 yearly 2014 - 2021
Paraguay (%) 50.4 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Peru (%) 45.2 2021 yearly 1980 - 2021
Philippines (%) 27.0 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Poland (%) 56.5 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Portugal (%) 193.3 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 56.0 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Russia (%) 27.1 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
Serbia (%) 68.5 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Singapore (%) 448.3 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Slovakia (%) 137.0 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Slovenia (%) 97.7 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
South Africa (%) 38.1 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Spain (%) 193.3 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Sri Lanka (%) 57.7 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Sudan (%) 105.1 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Sweden (%) 169.6 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Switzerland (%) 287.3 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Taiwan (%) 27.6 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Tajikistan (%) 40.6 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Thailand (%) 38.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Mar 2022
Tunisia (%) 100.9 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Turkey (%) 54.2 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021
Ukraine (%) 64.8 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021

Accurate Macro & Micro Economic Data You Can Trust

Explore the most complete set of 6.6 million time series covering more than 200 economies, 20 industries and 18 macroeconomic sectors.

Learn more about what we do

Egypt Key Series

Buy Selected Data

Includes 215 key indicators for Egypt, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -27,022.404 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2005 - Jun 2022
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 44,298.750 May 2022 monthly Jan 2005 - May 2022
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 5.5 2020 yearly 2005 - 2020
National Government Debt (USD mn) 316,592.2 Jun 2020 quarterly Jun 2006 - Jun 2020
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 68.6 Jun 2020 quarterly Jun 2006 - Jun 2020
Forecast: Government Expenditure (EGP bn) 3,795.815 2027 yearly 1999 - 2027
Forecast: Government Net Debt (EGP bn) 11,469.333 2027 yearly 1998 - 2027
Forecast: Government Revenue (EGP bn) 2,995.510 2027 yearly 1999 - 2027
Government Budget: ytd: Overall Fiscal Balance (EGP mn) -505,725.000 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2005 - Jun 2022
Government Budget: ytd: Revenue (EGP mn) 1,030,101.000 May 2022 monthly Jan 2005 - May 2022
Government Budget: ytd: Expenditure (EGP mn) 1,470,893.000 May 2022 monthly Jan 2005 - May 2022
Government Budget: ytd: Cash Deficit (EGP mn) -508,883.000 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2005 - Jun 2022
Government Budget: ytd: Financing (EGP mn) 285,125.000 Dec 2021 quarterly Jun 2005 - Dec 2021
Gross Domestic Debt (EGP mn) 4,742,107.000 Jun 2020 quarterly Sep 1997 - Jun 2020
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 0.423 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Trade Balance (USD mn) -3,209.0 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1957 - Jun 2022
Total Exports (USD mn) 3,748.0 Jun 2022 monthly Jul 1994 - Jun 2022
Total Exports Growth (%) 29.2 May 2022 monthly Jul 1995 - May 2022
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 583,854.957 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 244,100.684 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 49,697.702 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Imports (USD mn) 6,957.0 Jun 2022 monthly Jul 1994 - Jun 2022
Total Imports Growth (%) 6.2 Jun 2022 monthly Jul 1995 - Jun 2022
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 2,128,908.319 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 1,243,278.559 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 217.690 May 2022 monthly Dec 2015 - May 2022
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 612.422 May 2022 monthly Dec 2015 - May 2022
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 28.175 May 2022 monthly Dec 2015 - May 2022
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 947.917 May 2022 monthly Dec 2015 - May 2022
Trade Balance: USD (USD mn) -3,209.000 Jun 2022 monthly Jul 1994 - Jun 2022
Exports: National: EGP (EGP mn) 74,058.000 May 2022 monthly Jan 1994 - May 2022
Imports: EGP (EGP mn) 122,124.000 May 2022 monthly Jan 1994 - May 2022
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 82.9 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1994 - Mar 2022
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -5,791.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1993 - Mar 2022
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -5.3 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2001 - Jun 2021
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 4,083.1 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1993 - Mar 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.4 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2001 - Jun 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) -14,753.100 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1993 - Mar 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 2.9 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2001 - Jun 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) -535.2 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2011 - Dec 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) -5,520.642 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2011 - Dec 2021
External Debt (USD mn) 157,801.0 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 1997 - Mar 2022
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 34.6 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 1999 - Mar 2022
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 26,441.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 1997 - Mar 2022
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 3.4 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -16.426 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) -236,179.500 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: Goods and Services (USD mn) -9,520.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1993 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: Goods and Services: Trade Balance (USD mn) -11,825.200 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1993 - Mar 2022
BoP: CF: Financial Account (USD mn) -574.300 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1993 - Mar 2022
BoP: CF: Financial Account: Net Portfolio Investment in Egypt (USD mn) -14,753.100 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1993 - Mar 2022
BoP: Overall Balance (USD mn) -7,254.700 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1993 - Mar 2022
BoP: CF: Financial Account: Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) -82.900 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1994 - Mar 2022
BoP: CF: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment Abroad (USD mn) -6.700 Mar 2022 quarterly Sep 1997 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: Goods and Services: Services (USD mn) 2,305.200 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1993 - Mar 2022
BoP: CF: Financial Account: Other Net Investment (OI) (USD mn) 10,185.300 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1993 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: Transfers (USD mn) 7,879.500 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1993 - Mar 2022
BoP: CF: Capital Account (USD mn) -34.700 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2004 - Mar 2022
BoP: Net Errors and Omissions (USD mn) -854.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1993 - Mar 2022
External Debt: Medium and Long Term (USD mn) 131,359.300 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 1997 - Mar 2022
External Debt: Central & Local Government (USD mn) 83,171.700 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 2002 - Mar 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: Inflow: European Union (EU) (USD mn) 2,082.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 2001 - Mar 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: Inflow: Arab Countries: Saudi Arabia (USD mn) 108.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 2001 - Mar 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: Inflow: United States of America (USD mn) 566.700 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 2001 - Mar 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: Inflow: Arab Countries: Kuwait (USD mn) 168.900 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 2001 - Mar 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: Inflow: Other Countries: China (USD mn) 155.800 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2005 - Mar 2022
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 3.3 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2011 - Mar 2022
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 8.8 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2002 - Jun 2021
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 83,140.929 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1996 - Jul 2022
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 354,036.525 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1996 - Jul 2022
M2 Growth (%) 23.6 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1997 - Jul 2022
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 14.0 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 2012 - Aug 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 24,004.7 Aug 2022 monthly Dec 2004 - Aug 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 8.511 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2004 - Jun 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 3.4 Jun 2022 monthly Dec 2004 - Jun 2022
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 6,913.000 Aug 2022 monthly Dec 1956 - Aug 2022
Total Deposits (USD mn) 391,419.492 Jun 2022 monthly Jun 2004 - Jun 2022
Total Deposits Growth (%) 28.3 Jun 2022 monthly Jun 2005 - Jun 2022
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 359,489.5 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1996 - Jul 2022
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 25.5 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1997 - Jul 2022
Household Debt (USD mn) 36,910.3 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 2002 - Jul 2022
Total Loans (USD mn) 189,744.899 Jun 2022 monthly Apr 1996 - Jun 2022
Total Loans Growth (%) 22.76 Jun 2022 monthly Apr 1997 - Jun 2022
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 28.29 Jun 2021 quarterly Jun 2002 - Jun 2021
Reserve Money: M0 (EGP mn) 1,252,839.000 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1996 - Jul 2022
Domestic Liquidity: M2: Money Supply (M1) (EGP mn) 1,575,425.000 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1996 - Jul 2022
Counterpart Assets: DA: Credit (EGP mn) 6,811,913.000 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1996 - Jul 2022
Domestic Liquidity: M2 (EGP mn) 6,708,585.000 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1996 - Jul 2022
Domestic Liquidity: M2: Quasi Money (QM) (EGP mn) 5,133,160.000 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1996 - Jul 2022
International Reserves: Net (USD mn) 33,142.000 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 1996 - Aug 2022
International Reserves: Gross Official Reserves: Foreign Currency (USD mn) 26,193.000 Aug 2022 monthly Nov 2004 - Aug 2022
Banks Deposits: excl Central Bank of Egypt (CBE) (EGP mn) 7,372,447.000 Jun 2022 monthly Apr 1996 - Jun 2022
Banks Loans: excl Central Bank of Egypt (CBE) (EGP mn) 3,490,251.000 Jun 2022 monthly Nov 2003 - Jun 2022

More Indicators for Egypt

Check out our pricing options.

Explore the most complete set of 6.6 million time series covering more than 200 economies, 20 industries and 18 macroeconomic sectors.

View pricing options

CEIC Flex

from $49

Entry level access to the CEIC platform for individual users. Download limits apply. Payable monthly by credit card.

View this option

CEIC Unlimited

Request a Demo

Full and unlimited access to CEIC data for multiple users. Suitable for enterprise usage. Available via annual subscription to one or more of CEIC’s global and premium databases.

Request a demo
Unlimited access tailored to your data needs
Flexible monthly access to CEIC data