Egypt External Debt: % of GDP

1999 - 2023 | Quarterly | % | Central Bank of Egypt

Key information about Egypt External Debt: % of GDP

  • Egypt External Debt accounted for 43.0 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2023, compared with the ratio of 42.4 % in the previous quarter.
  • Egypt External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated quarterly, available from Jun 1999 to Dec 2023.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 43.0 % in Dec 2023 and a record low of 12.0 % in Sep 2012.




Related information about Egypt External Debt: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports of Egypt, Current Account recorded a deficit of 6.8 USD bn in Dec 2023.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 2.3 USD bn in Sep 2023.
  • Egypt Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 113.8 USD mn in Dec 2023.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment increased by 776.2 USD mn in Dec 2023.
  • The country's External Debt reached 168,034.0 in Dec 2023.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 109.0 USD bn in Dec 2022.

View Egypt's External Debt: % of GDP from Jun 1999 to Dec 2023 in the chart:

Egypt External Debt: % of GDP

What was Egypt's External Debt: % of GDP in Dec 2023?

Egypt External Debt accounted for 43.0 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2023, compared with the ratio of 42.4 % in the previous quarter. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
43.0 Dec 2023 42.4 Sep 2023 12.0 Sep 2012 43.0 Dec 2023 % quarterly Jun 1999 - Dec 2023

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 47.0 2023 yearly 1991 - 2023
Algeria (%) 1.3 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Argentina (%) 45.3 2023 yearly 1994 - 2023
Armenia (%) 63.8 2023 yearly 2000 - 2023
Australia (%) 109.5 2023 yearly 1988 - 2023
Austria (%) 135.1 2023 yearly 1997 - 2023
Azerbaijan (%) 14.9 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2021
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 51.1 Mar 2024 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2024
Belgium (%) 236.8 2023 yearly 2007 - 2023
Bolivia (%) 35.0 2023 yearly 2006 - 2023
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 18.1 2023 yearly 1999 - 2023
Botswana (%) 7.3 2023 yearly 1995 - 2023
Brazil (%) 27.9 2023 yearly 1992 - 2023
Bulgaria (%) 48.3 2023 yearly 1999 - 2023
Cambodia (%) 75.6 2022 yearly 2010 - 2022
Canada (%) 143.7 2023 yearly 1990 - 2023
Chile (%) 71.7 2023 yearly 1971 - 2023
China (%) 13.7 2023 yearly 1985 - 2023
Colombia (%) 53.7 2023 yearly 1970 - 2023
Croatia (%) 73.5 2022 yearly 1998 - 2022
Cyprus (%) 576.0 2023 yearly 2004 - 2023
Czech Republic (%) 60.7 2023 yearly 1995 - 2023
Denmark (%) 130.7 2023 yearly 2005 - 2023
Ecuador (%) 49.3 2023 yearly 1970 - 2023
Egypt (%) 43.0 Dec 2023 quarterly Jun 1999 - Dec 2023
Estonia (%) 90.4 2023 yearly 1996 - 2023
European Union (%) 109.5 2023 yearly 2008 - 2023
Finland (%) 215.3 2023 yearly 1991 - 2023
France (%) 245.0 2023 yearly 2004 - 2023
Georgia (%) 80.2 2023 yearly 1999 - 2023
Germany (%) 148.2 2023 yearly 1999 - 2023
Ghana (%) 39.0 2022 yearly 1999 - 2022
Greece (%) 250.9 2023 yearly 2003 - 2023
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 481.7 2023 yearly 2001 - 2023
Hungary (%) 129.0 2023 yearly 2006 - 2023
Iceland (%) 73.0 2023 yearly 1989 - 2023
India (%) 18.9 2023 yearly 1970 - 2023
Indonesia (%) 29.8 2023 yearly 2003 - 2023
Iran (%) 0.3 2023 yearly 1994 - 2023
Ireland (%) 563.9 2023 yearly 2002 - 2023
Israel (%) 30.5 2023 yearly 1998 - 2023
Italy (%) 129.0 2022 yearly 2002 - 2022
Ivory Coast (%) 31.4 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Japan (%) 107.4 2023 yearly 2003 - 2023
Jordan (%) 80.9 2023 yearly 1970 - 2023
Kazakhstan (%) 62.5 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2023
Kenya (%) 35.0 2022 yearly 2006 - 2022
South Korea (%) 36.6 2023 yearly 1994 - 2023
Kosovo (%) 38.5 2022 yearly 2007 - 2022
Kuwait (%) 35.3 2022 yearly 2014 - 2022
Kyrgyzstan (%) 72.3 2023 yearly 2003 - 2023
Laos (%) 74.2 2023 yearly 1996 - 2023
Latvia (%) 100.7 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 2000 - Mar 2024
Lebanon (%) 21.2 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
Lithuania (%) 68.4 2023 yearly 1996 - 2023
Luxembourg (%) 4,321.4 2023 yearly 2002 - 2023
North Macedonia (%) 83.7 2022 yearly 2004 - 2022
Malawi (%) 60.1 2021 yearly 2006 - 2021
Malaysia (%) 68.2 2023 yearly 2009 - 2023
Malta (%) 1,034.0 2023 yearly 2004 - 2023
Mauritius (%) 1,323.1 2023 yearly 2009 - 2023
Mexico (%) 33.3 2023 yearly 2002 - 2023
Moldova (%) 63.3 2023 yearly 2000 - 2023
Mongolia (%) 174.0 2023 yearly 1992 - 2023
Montenegro (%) 141.5 2022 yearly 2006 - 2022
Morocco (%) 50.9 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Mozambique (%) 71.7 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Myanmar (%) 16.7 2020 yearly 2018 - 2020
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 373.8 2023 yearly 2003 - 2023
New Zealand (%) 87.5 2023 yearly 1993 - 2023
Nigeria (%) 11.9 2023 yearly 1985 - 2023
Norway (%) 152.8 2023 yearly 2003 - 2023
Pakistan (%) 37.3 2023 yearly 2000 - 2023
Palestinian Territory (%) 12.2 2023 yearly 2012 - 2023
Panama (%) 167.4 2021 yearly 2014 - 2021
Paraguay (%) 55.7 2023 yearly 2000 - 2023
Peru (%) 39.3 2023 yearly 1980 - 2023
Philippines (%) 28.7 2023 yearly 1990 - 2023
Poland (%) 49.5 2023 yearly 1995 - 2023
Portugal (%) 150.4 2023 yearly 1996 - 2023
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 52.4 2023 yearly 1995 - 2023
Russia (%) 15.7 2023 yearly 1993 - 2023
Serbia (%) 65.3 2023 yearly 2000 - 2023
Singapore (%) 391.1 2023 yearly 2003 - 2023
Slovakia (%) 96.1 2023 yearly 1995 - 2023
Slovenia (%) 91.8 2023 yearly 2001 - 2023
South Africa (%) 41.8 2023 yearly 1985 - 2023
Spain (%) 165.4 2023 yearly 1995 - 2023
Sri Lanka (%) 75.0 2022 yearly 1998 - 2022
Sudan (%) 202.2 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
Sweden (%) 168.5 2023 yearly 1997 - 2023
Switzerland (%) 241.1 2023 yearly 1999 - 2023
Taiwan (%) 27.3 2023 yearly 1999 - 2023
Tajikistan (%) 37.7 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Thailand (%) 37.1 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 2005 - Mar 2024
Tunisia (%) 85.7 2023 yearly 2002 - 2023
Turkey (%) 45.6 2023 yearly 1989 - 2023

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Egypt Key Series

Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -16,311.725 Apr 2024 monthly Jan 2005 - Apr 2024
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 30,467.111 May 2024 monthly Jan 2005 - May 2024
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 5.5 2023 yearly 2005 - 2023
National Government Debt (USD mn) 369,695.1 Jun 2022 quarterly Jun 2006 - Jun 2022
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 68.6 Jun 2020 quarterly Jun 2006 - Jun 2020
Forecast: Government Expenditure (EGP bn) 7,851.790 2028 yearly 1999 - 2028
Forecast: Government Net Debt (EGP bn) 19,564.970 2029 yearly 1998 - 2029
Forecast: Government Revenue (EGP bn) 5,582.910 2028 yearly 1999 - 2028
Government Budget: ytd: Revenue (EGP mn) 2,217,744.000 May 2024 monthly Jan 2005 - May 2024
Government Budget: ytd: Overall Fiscal Balance (EGP mn) -781,052.000 Apr 2024 monthly Jan 2005 - Apr 2024
Government Budget: ytd: Expenditure (EGP mn) 2,723,086.000 May 2024 monthly Jan 2005 - May 2024
Government Budget: ytd: Cash Deficit (EGP mn) -789,181.000 Apr 2024 monthly Jan 2005 - Apr 2024
Government Budget: ytd: Financing (EGP mn) 455,887.000 Sep 2023 quarterly Jun 2005 - Sep 2023
Gross Domestic Debt (EGP mn) 4,742,107.000 Jun 2020 quarterly Sep 1997 - Jun 2020
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 5.419 2028 yearly 1980 - 2028
Trade Balance (USD mn) -2,681.0 Apr 2024 monthly Jan 1957 - Apr 2024
Total Exports (USD mn) 3,285.0 Apr 2024 monthly Jul 1994 - Apr 2024
Total Exports Growth (%) 8.5 Apr 2024 monthly Jul 1995 - Apr 2024
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 549,982.176 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 274,989.359 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 69,318.411 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Total Imports (USD mn) 5,966.0 Apr 2024 monthly Jul 1994 - Apr 2024
Total Imports Growth (%) 11.3 Apr 2024 monthly Jul 1995 - Apr 2024
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 2,425,187.296 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 876,034.340 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 169.524 Mar 2024 monthly Dec 2015 - Mar 2024
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 426.472 Mar 2024 monthly Dec 2015 - Mar 2024
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 40.470 Mar 2024 monthly Dec 2015 - Mar 2024
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 739.732 Mar 2024 monthly Dec 2015 - Mar 2024
Trade Balance: USD (USD mn) -2,681.000 Apr 2024 monthly Jul 1994 - Apr 2024
Exports: National: EGP (EGP mn) 91,019.000 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1994 - Sep 2023
Imports: EGP (EGP mn) 188,052.000 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1994 - Sep 2023
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 113.8 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 1994 - Dec 2023
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -7,463.1 Mar 2024 quarterly Dec 1993 - Mar 2024
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) 1.3 Dec 2022 quarterly Sep 2001 - Dec 2022
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 2,321.7 Sep 2023 quarterly Dec 1993 - Sep 2023
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 2.9 Dec 2023 quarterly Sep 2001 - Dec 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 776.200 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 1993 - Dec 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.7 Dec 2023 quarterly Sep 2001 - Dec 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) 46.0 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2011 - Sep 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) -569.400 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2011 - Sep 2023
External Debt (USD mn) 160,607.4 Mar 2024 quarterly Jun 1997 - Mar 2024
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 43.0 Dec 2023 quarterly Jun 1999 - Dec 2023
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 30,268.7 Sep 2023 quarterly Jun 1997 - Sep 2023
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 7.1 2023 yearly 1990 - 2023
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -14.101 2029 yearly 1980 - 2029
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) -277,422.500 Mar 2024 quarterly Dec 2013 - Mar 2024
BoP: CF: Financial Account (USD mn) 6,621.700 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 1993 - Dec 2023
BoP: CA: Transfers (USD mn) 5,036.800 Mar 2024 quarterly Dec 1993 - Mar 2024
BoP: CF: Financial Account: Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) -112.800 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1994 - Sep 2023
BoP: CF: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment Abroad (USD mn) -54.900 Sep 2023 quarterly Sep 1997 - Sep 2023
BoP: CF: Capital Account (USD mn) -27.400 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2004 - Dec 2023
BoP: CA: Goods and Services (USD mn) -2,744.900 Sep 2023 quarterly Dec 1993 - Sep 2023
BoP: Net Errors and Omissions (USD mn) 339.500 Mar 2024 quarterly Dec 1993 - Mar 2024
BoP: CF: Financial Account: Net Portfolio Investment in Egypt (USD mn) -523.400 Sep 2023 quarterly Dec 1993 - Sep 2023
BoP: CA: Goods and Services: Services (USD mn) 5,199.700 Sep 2023 quarterly Dec 1993 - Sep 2023
BoP: CA: Goods and Services: Trade Balance (USD mn) -7,944.600 Sep 2023 quarterly Dec 1993 - Sep 2023
BoP: Overall Balance (USD mn) 4,542.500 Mar 2024 quarterly Dec 1993 - Mar 2024
BoP: CF: Financial Account: Other Net Investment (OI) (USD mn) 137.000 Sep 2023 quarterly Dec 1993 - Sep 2023
Remittances: Inflow (USD mn) 4,931.800 Dec 2023 quarterly Sep 1999 - Dec 2023
Foreign Direct Investment: Inflow: European Union (EU) (USD mn) 1,278.300 Dec 2023 quarterly Jun 2001 - Dec 2023
Foreign Direct Investment: Inflow: Arab Countries: Saudi Arabia (USD mn) 235.200 Dec 2023 quarterly Jun 2001 - Dec 2023
Foreign Direct Investment: Inflow: United States of America (USD mn) 712.200 Dec 2023 quarterly Jun 2001 - Dec 2023
Foreign Direct Investment: Inflow: Other Countries: China (USD mn) 226.000 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 2005 - Dec 2023
Foreign Direct Investment: Inflow: Arab Countries: Kuwait (USD mn) 159.700 Dec 2023 quarterly Jun 2001 - Dec 2023
Foreign Direct Investment: Net: United States of America (USD mn) 425.800 Dec 2023 quarterly Sep 2021 - Dec 2023
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 2.6 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 2011 - Mar 2024
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 7.8 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 2002 - Dec 2023
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 54,363.656 May 2024 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2024
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 218,965.186 May 2024 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2024
M2 Growth (%) 27.2 May 2024 monthly Jan 1997 - May 2024
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 18.0 May 2024 monthly Jan 2012 - May 2024
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 34,069.2 May 2024 monthly Dec 2004 - May 2024
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 6.219 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 2004 - Dec 2023
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 4.4 Apr 2023 monthly Dec 2004 - Apr 2023
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 9,557.000 May 2024 monthly Dec 1956 - May 2024
Total Deposits (USD mn) 242,005.528 Mar 2024 monthly Jun 2004 - Mar 2024
Total Deposits Growth (%) 24.3 Mar 2024 monthly Jun 2005 - Mar 2024
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 224,757.7 May 2024 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2024
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 25.6 May 2024 monthly Jan 1997 - May 2024
Household Debt (USD mn) 21,546.6 May 2024 monthly Dec 2002 - May 2024
Total Loans (USD mn) 187,241.664 Feb 2024 monthly Apr 1996 - Feb 2024
Total Loans Growth (%) 32.29 Feb 2024 monthly Apr 1997 - Feb 2024
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 25.46 Sep 2023 quarterly Jun 2002 - Sep 2023
Reserve Money: M0 (EGP mn) 1,827,043.000 May 2024 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2024
Counterpart Assets: DA: Credit (EGP mn) 10,625,893.000 May 2024 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2024
Domestic Liquidity: M2 (EGP mn) 10,352,039.000 May 2024 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2024
Domestic Liquidity: M2: Money Supply (M1) (EGP mn) 2,570,156.000 May 2024 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2024
Domestic Liquidity: M2: Quasi Money (QM) (EGP mn) 7,781,883.000 May 2024 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2024
International Reserves: Net (USD mn) 46,126.000 May 2024 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2024
International Reserves: Gross Official Reserves: Foreign Currency (USD mn) 36,558.000 May 2024 monthly Nov 2004 - May 2024
Banks Deposits: excl Central Bank of Egypt (CBE) (EGP mn) 10,617,335.088 Feb 2024 monthly Apr 1996 - Feb 2024
Banks Loans: excl Central Bank of Egypt (CBE) (EGP mn) 5,286,161.000 Dec 2023 monthly Nov 2003 - Dec 2023

More Indicators for Egypt

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