Egypt External Debt: % of GDP

1999 - 2020 | Quarterly | % | Central Bank of Egypt

Key information about Egypt`s External Debt: % of GDP

  • Egypt External Debt accounted for 33.9 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2020, compared with the ratio of 34.1 % in the previous quarter.
  • Egypt External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated quarterly, available from Jun 1999 to Sep 2020.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 41.5 % in Jun 2003 and a record low of 12.0 % in Sep 2012.




Related information about Egypt`s External Debt: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports of Egypt, Current Account recorded a deficit of 4.8 USD bn in Dec 2020.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 1.8 USD bn in Dec 2020.
  • Egypt Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 112.1 USD mn in Dec 2020.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment increased by 3.5 USD bn in Dec 2020.
  • The country's External Debt reached 129,195.7 in Dec 2020.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 102.5 USD bn in Sep 2020.

View Egypt's External Debt: % of GDP from Jun 1999 to Sep 2020 in the chart:

Egypt External Debt: % of GDP

What was Egypt's External Debt: % of GDP in Sep 2020?

Egypt External Debt accounted for 33.9 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2020, compared with the ratio of 34.1 % in the previous quarter. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
33.9 Sep 2020 34.1 Jun 2020 12.0 Sep 2012 41.5 Jun 2003 % quarterly Jun 1999 - Sep 2020

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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Includes External Debt: % of GDP on 108 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 65.6 2020 yearly 1991 - 2020
Algeria (%) 2.2 2019 yearly 1970 - 2019
Argentina (%) 70.7 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Armenia (%) 102.3 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Australia (%) 129.1 2020 yearly 1988 - 2020
Austria (%) 164.9 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Azerbaijan (%) 20.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2020
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 70.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2020
Belgium (%) 261.0 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Bolivia (%) 38.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 25.5 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Botswana (%) 8.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Brazil (%) 38.4 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
Bulgaria (%) 64.6 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Cambodia (%) 69.9 2020 yearly 2010 - 2020
Canada (%) 142.8 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Chile (%) 82.4 2020 yearly 1971 - 2020
China (%) 16.3 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Colombia (%) 56.7 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Croatia (%) 87.9 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Cyprus (%) 908.4 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Czech Republic (%) 75.5 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Denmark (%) 157.0 2020 yearly 2005 - 2020
Ecuador (%) 57.4 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Egypt (%) 33.9 Sep 2020 quarterly Jun 1999 - Sep 2020
Estonia (%) 91.1 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
European Union (%) 130.3 2020 yearly 2008 - 2020
Finland (%) 225.1 2020 yearly 1991 - 2020
France (%) 261.7 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Georgia (%) 129.8 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Germany (%) 163.3 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Ghana (%) 34.2 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Greece (%) 299.1 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 514.2 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Hungary (%) 155.9 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Iceland (%) 83.5 2020 yearly 1989 - 2020
India (%) 21.1 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Indonesia (%) 39.4 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Iran (%) 1.0 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (%) 701.2 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Israel (%) 32.9 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Italy (%) 140.2 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Ivory Coast (%) 24.0 2018 yearly 1994 - 2018
Japan (%) 92.8 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Jordan (%) 82.1 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Kazakhstan (%) 96.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2020
Kenya (%) 33.1 2019 yearly 2015 - 2019
South Korea (%) 33.3 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Kosovo (%) 37.2 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Kuwait (%) 50.5 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 112.9 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Laos (%) 52.6 2019 yearly 1996 - 2019
Latvia (%) 124.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
Lebanon (%) 62.8 2019 yearly 2007 - 2019
Lithuania (%) 75.7 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Luxembourg (%) 5,166.8 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
North Macedonia (%) 80.2 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Malawi (%) 39.4 2014 yearly 2006 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 67.6 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Malta (%) 678.6 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Mauritius (%) 2,062.5 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Mexico (%) 42.8 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Moldova (%) 70.1 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Mongolia (%) 243.1 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
Montenegro (%) 203.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Morocco (%) 53.5 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Mozambique (%) 71.8 2017 yearly 1985 - 2017
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 443.8 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
New Zealand (%) 90.3 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020
Nigeria (%) 7.8 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Norway (%) 180.3 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Pakistan (%) 41.0 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Palestinian Territory (%) 35.4 2018 yearly 2012 - 2018
Panama (%) 201.9 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Paraguay (%) 53.8 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Peru (%) 43.3 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Philippines (%) 27.2 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Poland (%) 60.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Portugal (%) 205.2 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 58.1 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Russia (%) 31.5 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020
Serbia (%) 61.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Singapore (%) 471.3 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Slovakia (%) 120.5 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Slovenia (%) 101.9 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
South Africa (%) 50.8 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Spain (%) 198.8 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Sri Lanka (%) 61.1 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Sudan (%) 120.5 2019 yearly 2001 - 2019
Sweden (%) 164.2 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Switzerland (%) 283.3 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Taiwan (%) 28.4 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Tajikistan (%) 37.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Thailand (%) 36.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2020
Tunisia (%) 100.9 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Turkey (%) 60.4 2020 yearly 1989 - 2020
Ukraine (%) 80.8 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020

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Egypt Key Series

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Includes 214 key indicators for Egypt, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -17,981.580 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Jan 2021
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 15,605.859 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Oct 2021
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 5.6 2020 yearly 2005 - 2020
National Government Debt (USD mn) 316,592.2 Jun 2020 quarterly Jun 2006 - Jun 2020
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 68.6 Jun 2020 quarterly Jun 2006 - Jun 2020
Forecast: Government Expenditure (EGP bn) 3,037.800 2026 yearly 1999 - 2026
Forecast: Government Net Debt (EGP bn) 8,649.900 2026 yearly 1998 - 2026
Forecast: Government Revenue (EGP bn) 2,525.740 2026 yearly 1999 - 2026
Government Budget: ytd: Cash Deficit (EGP mn) -219,365.000 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Oct 2021
Government Budget: ytd: Revenue (EGP mn) 311,291.000 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Oct 2021
Government Budget: ytd: Overall Fiscal Balance (EGP mn) -219,812.000 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Oct 2021
Government Budget: ytd: Expenditure (EGP mn) 530,656.000 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Oct 2021
Government Budget: ytd: Financing (EGP mn) 462,775.000 Jun 2020 quarterly Jun 2005 - Jun 2020
Gross Domestic Debt (EGP mn) 4,742,107.000 Jun 2020 quarterly Sep 1997 - Jun 2020
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 2.685 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Trade Balance (USD mn) -2,384.0 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1957 - Sep 2021
Total Exports (USD mn) 2,693.0 Feb 2021 monthly Jul 1994 - Feb 2021
Total Exports Growth (%) 48.4 Sep 2021 monthly Jul 1995 - Sep 2021
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 434,039.287 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 206,490.894 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 45,603.526 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Imports (USD mn) 6,100.1 Mar 2021 monthly Jul 1994 - Mar 2021
Total Imports Growth (%) 16.0 Sep 2021 monthly Jul 1995 - Sep 2021
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 1,734,605.303 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 678,318.860 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 139.355 Nov 2020 monthly Dec 2015 - Nov 2020
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 509.756 Jan 2021 monthly Dec 2015 - Jan 2021
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 139.618 Mar 2021 monthly Dec 2015 - Mar 2021
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 1,109.224 Feb 2021 monthly Dec 2015 - Feb 2021
Trade Balance: USD (USD mn) -2,384.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jul 1994 - Sep 2021
Exports: National: EGP (EGP mn) 51,318.000 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Aug 2021
Imports: EGP (EGP mn) 97,118.000 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Aug 2021
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 76.7 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1994 - Jun 2021
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -4,849.3 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1993 - Dec 2020
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -5.3 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2001 - Jun 2021
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 1,752.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1993 - Dec 2020
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.4 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2001 - Jun 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 2,755.500 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 1993 - Jun 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 6.5 Sep 2020 quarterly Sep 2001 - Sep 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) -250.2 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2011 - Sep 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) 6,936.620 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2011 - Sep 2020
External Debt (USD mn) 129,195.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Jun 1997 - Dec 2020
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 33.9 Sep 2020 quarterly Jun 1999 - Sep 2020
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 11,958.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Jun 1997 - Dec 2020
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 3.4 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -15.559 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) -202,641.500 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2013 - Dec 2020
BoP: CF: Financial Account (USD mn) 6,346.800 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 1993 - Jun 2021
BoP: CF: Financial Account: Other Net Investment (OI) (USD mn) 3,264.400 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 1993 - Jun 2021
BoP: CA: Goods and Services (USD mn) -9,551.200 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 1993 - Jun 2021
BoP: Net Errors and Omissions (USD mn) -1,111.500 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 1993 - Jun 2021
BoP: CA: Transfers (USD mn) 7,963.300 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 1993 - Jun 2021
BoP: CF: Capital Account (USD mn) -35.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2004 - Jun 2021
BoP: CF: Financial Account: Net Portfolio Investment in Egypt (USD mn) 2,755.500 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 1993 - Jun 2021
BoP: Overall Balance (USD mn) 65.500 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 1993 - Jun 2021
BoP: CF: Financial Account: Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) -76.700 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1994 - Jun 2021
BoP: CF: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment Abroad (USD mn) -23.600 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 1997 - Jun 2021
BoP: CA: Goods and Services: Trade Balance (USD mn) -11,485.100 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 1993 - Jun 2021
BoP: CA: Goods and Services: Services (USD mn) 1,933.900 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 1993 - Jun 2021
External Debt: Medium and Long Term (USD mn) 124,143.600 Jun 2021 quarterly Jun 1997 - Jun 2021
External Debt: Central & Local Government (USD mn) 82,445.600 Jun 2021 quarterly Jun 2002 - Jun 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: Inflow: Other Countries: China (USD mn) 158.800 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2005 - Mar 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: Inflow: Arab Countries: Saudi Arabia (USD mn) 59.100 Jun 2021 quarterly Jun 2001 - Jun 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: Inflow: United States of America (USD mn) 372.700 Jun 2021 quarterly Jun 2001 - Jun 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: Inflow: Arab Countries: Kuwait (USD mn) 120.600 Jun 2021 quarterly Jun 2001 - Jun 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: Inflow: European Union (EU) (USD mn) 973.800 Jun 2021 quarterly Jun 2001 - Jun 2021
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 3.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2011 - Dec 2020
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 8.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2002 - Dec 2020
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 84,702.557 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - Sep 2021
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 354,936.692 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - Sep 2021
M2 Growth (%) 17.2 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Sep 2021
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 14.0 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2012 - Apr 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 31,824.7 Oct 2021 monthly Dec 2004 - Oct 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 8.511 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2004 - Jun 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 5.5 Sep 2021 monthly Dec 2004 - Sep 2021
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 4,217.000 Oct 2021 monthly Dec 1956 - Oct 2021
Total Deposits (USD mn) 379,540.913 Aug 2021 monthly Jun 2004 - Aug 2021
Total Deposits Growth (%) 24.4 Jan 2021 monthly Jun 2005 - Jan 2021
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 350,105.7 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - Sep 2021
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 11.1 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Sep 2021
Household Debt (USD mn) 37,359.6 Sep 2021 monthly Dec 2002 - Sep 2021
Total Loans (USD mn) 161,024.785 Jan 2021 monthly Apr 1996 - Jan 2021
Total Loans Growth (%) 31.10 Mar 2021 monthly Apr 1997 - Mar 2021
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 27.45 Dec 2020 quarterly Jun 2002 - Dec 2020
Reserve Money: M0 (EGP mn) 1,007,839.000 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - Oct 2021
Counterpart Assets: DA: Credit (EGP mn) 5,650,311.000 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - Oct 2021
Domestic Liquidity: M2: Quasi Money (QM) (EGP mn) 4,305,006.000 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - Oct 2021
Domestic Liquidity: M2: Money Supply (M1) (EGP mn) 1,345,993.000 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - Oct 2021
Domestic Liquidity: M2 (EGP mn) 5,650,999.000 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - Oct 2021
International Reserves: Gross Official Reserves: Foreign Currency (USD mn) 33,813.000 Oct 2021 monthly Nov 2004 - Oct 2021
International Reserves: Net (USD mn) 40,849.000 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - Oct 2021
Banks Deposits: excl Central Bank of Egypt (CBE) (EGP mn) 5,976,503.000 Aug 2021 monthly Apr 1996 - Aug 2021
Banks Loans: excl Central Bank of Egypt (CBE) (EGP mn) 2,849,124.000 Aug 2021 monthly Nov 2003 - Aug 2021

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