Egypt Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

2001 - 2023 | Quarterly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about Egypt Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

  • Egypt Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) registered a growth equal to 2.9 % of the country's Nominal GDP in Dec 2023, compared with a growth equal to 2.1 % in the previous quarter.
  • Egypt Foreign Direct Investment: % of Nominal GDP data is updated quarterly, available from Sep 2001 to Dec 2023.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 12.5 % in Dec 2006 and a record low -1.2 % in Dec 2011.

CEIC calculates Foreign Direct Investment as % of Nominal GDP from quarterly Foreign Direct Investment and quarterly Nominal GDP. The Central Bank of Egypt provides Foreign Direct Investment in USD. The Ministry of Planning and Economic Development provides Nominal GDP in local currency. The Central Bank of Egypt average market exchange rate is used for currency conversions. Starting from the first quarter of the fiscal year 2004/2005, Net Direct Investment in Egypt includes Foreign Direct Investment in the petroleum sector.


Related information about Egypt Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports of Egypt, Current Account recorded a deficit of 2.8 USD bn in Sep 2023.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 2.3 USD bn in Sep 2023.
  • Egypt Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 112.8 USD mn in Sep 2023.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment fell by 523.4 USD mn in Sep 2023.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 109.0 USD bn in Dec 2022.

View Egypt's Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP from Sep 2001 to Dec 2023 in the chart:

Egypt Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

What was Egypt's Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP in Dec 2023?

Egypt Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) registered a growth equal to 2.9 % of the country's Nominal GDP in Dec 2023, compared with a growth equal to 2.1 % in the previous quarter. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
2.9 Dec 2023 2.1 Sep 2023 -1.2 Dec 2011 12.5 Dec 2006 % quarterly Sep 2001 - Dec 2023

Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP by Country Comparison

country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 7.3 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2008 - Sep 2023
Algeria (%) 0.1 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2007 - Sep 2023
Argentina (%) 5.2 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 2004 - Mar 2024
Armenia (%) 0.7 Mar 2024 quarterly Dec 1994 - Mar 2024
Australia (%) 4.1 Mar 2024 quarterly Sep 1959 - Mar 2024
Austria (%) -1.6 Dec 2022 quarterly Mar 1970 - Dec 2022
Azerbaijan (%) -3.1 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2013 - Dec 2023
Bahrain (%) 6.8 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2018 - Dec 2023
Bangladesh (%) 0.4 2023 yearly 1998 - 2023
Belarus (%) 9.7 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 1996 - Mar 2024
Belgium (%) -4.8 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2023
Bolivia (%) 2.5 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 1990 - Dec 2023
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 4.2 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2024
Botswana (%) 3.7 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2004 - Dec 2023
Brazil (%) 4.3 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2024
Brunei (%) -10.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2014 - Dec 2020
Bulgaria (%) 1.3 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 2007 - Mar 2024
Cambodia (%) 12.1 2022 yearly 2010 - 2022
Canada (%) -0.9 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 1961 - Mar 2024
Chile (%) 5.3 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 2003 - Mar 2024
China (%) 0.2 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 1998 - Mar 2024
Colombia (%) 3.6 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 1996 - Mar 2024
Croatia (%) 0.0 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 1995 - Dec 2023
Cyprus (%) 16.4 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2023
Czech Republic (%) 4.8 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2024
Denmark (%) 1.3 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2024
Ecuador (%) 0.3 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 1993 - Dec 2023
Egypt (%) 2.9 Dec 2023 quarterly Sep 2001 - Dec 2023
Estonia (%) -5.9 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2024
European Union (%) 0.9 Mar 2023 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2023
Finland (%) 4.5 Mar 2023 quarterly Mar 2006 - Mar 2023
France (%) 0.6 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 1997 - Mar 2024
Georgia (%) 2.3 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 1997 - Mar 2024
Germany (%) 1.4 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 1991 - Mar 2024
Ghana (%) 1.8 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 2011 - Mar 2024
Greece (%) 2.2 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2024
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 29.5 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2024
Hungary (%) -19.0 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 2006 - Mar 2024
Iceland (%) 2.1 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2024
India (%) 0.9 Dec 2023 quarterly Jun 2004 - Dec 2023
Indonesia (%) 1.8 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 1990 - Mar 2024
Iran (%) 0.1 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Ireland (%) -1.3 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 1998 - Mar 2024
Israel (%) 0.9 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2024
Italy (%) 1.9 Mar 2023 quarterly Mar 1988 - Mar 2023
Ivory Coast (%) 2.3 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Japan (%) -0.5 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 1980 - Mar 2024
Jordan (%) 1.1 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 1992 - Dec 2023
Kazakhstan (%) -0.4 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 1997 - Dec 2023
Kenya (%) 0.3 2022 yearly 1996 - 2022
South Korea (%) 0.2 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 1980 - Mar 2024
Kosovo (%) 8.9 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 2010 - Mar 2024
Kuwait (%) 0.5 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2012 - Sep 2023
Kyrgyzstan (%) -3.1 Mar 2023 quarterly Mar 2000 - Mar 2023
Laos (%) 11.9 2023 yearly 1988 - 2023
Latvia (%) 2.6 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2024
Lebanon (%) 0.4 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Lithuania (%) 3.4 Mar 2023 quarterly Mar 1993 - Mar 2023
Luxembourg (%) 216.8 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 2002 - Mar 2024
Macau SAR, China (%) 12.0 2022 yearly 1982 - 2022
North Macedonia (%) 14.2 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 2000 - Mar 2024
Malawi (%) 0.4 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Malaysia (%) 4.3 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 2005 - Mar 2024
Malta (%) 247.0 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2024
Mauritius (%) 37.3 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2010 - Dec 2023
Mexico (%) 4.2 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 1993 - Mar 2024
Moldova (%) 2.4 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 1995 - Dec 2023
Mongolia (%) 12.0 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 2000 - Mar 2024
Montenegro (%) 10.2 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 2010 - Mar 2024
Morocco (%) 0.1 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2014 - Dec 2023
Mozambique (%) 33.6 2021 yearly 1986 - 2021
Myanmar (%) 0.6 Sep 2021 quarterly Dec 2017 - Sep 2021
Nepal (%) 0.1 2023 yearly 2001 - 2023
Netherlands (%) -116.1 Dec 2023 quarterly Jun 2003 - Dec 2023
New Zealand (%) 1.5 Mar 2024 quarterly Jun 2000 - Mar 2024
Nigeria (%) 1.1 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2010 - Sep 2023
Norway (%) -0.9 Dec 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2022
Oman (%) 4.9 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Pakistan (%) 0.5 2023 yearly 1977 - 2023
Palestinian Territory (%) -0.4 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 2011 - Mar 2024
Panama (%) 4.0 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 2007 - Mar 2024
Paraguay (%) 1.9 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 2000 - Mar 2024
Peru (%) 4.8 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 1990 - Mar 2024
Philippines (%) 2.7 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 2005 - Mar 2024
Poland (%) 3.4 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 2000 - Mar 2024
Portugal (%) 0.5 Mar 2023 quarterly Mar 1996 - Mar 2023
Qatar (%) 0.1 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2011 - Sep 2023
Romania (%) 5.1 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2024
Russia (%) 0.1 Dec 2022 quarterly Mar 1994 - Dec 2022
Saudi Arabia (%) 0.9 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 2006 - Mar 2024
Serbia (%) 7.6 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2024
Singapore (%) 31.3 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2024
Slovakia (%) 3.1 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2024
Slovenia (%) 3.3 Mar 2023 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2023
South Africa (%) 1.4 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 1985 - Mar 2024
Spain (%) 1.5 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 1980 - Mar 2024
Sri Lanka (%) 0.4 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 2002 - Mar 2024
Sudan (%) 1.7 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Sweden (%) 1.1 Mar 2023 quarterly Mar 1982 - Mar 2023
Switzerland (%) 6.6 Mar 2023 quarterly Mar 1985 - Mar 2023

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Egypt Key Series

Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -16,311.725 Apr 2024 monthly Jan 2005 - Apr 2024
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 30,467.111 May 2024 monthly Jan 2005 - May 2024
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 5.5 2023 yearly 2005 - 2023
National Government Debt (USD mn) 369,695.1 Jun 2022 quarterly Jun 2006 - Jun 2022
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 68.6 Jun 2020 quarterly Jun 2006 - Jun 2020
Forecast: Government Expenditure (EGP bn) 7,851.790 2028 yearly 1999 - 2028
Forecast: Government Net Debt (EGP bn) 19,564.970 2029 yearly 1998 - 2029
Forecast: Government Revenue (EGP bn) 5,582.910 2028 yearly 1999 - 2028
Government Budget: ytd: Cash Deficit (EGP mn) -789,181.000 Apr 2024 monthly Jan 2005 - Apr 2024
Government Budget: ytd: Expenditure (EGP mn) 2,723,086.000 May 2024 monthly Jan 2005 - May 2024
Government Budget: ytd: Revenue (EGP mn) 2,217,744.000 May 2024 monthly Jan 2005 - May 2024
Government Budget: ytd: Overall Fiscal Balance (EGP mn) -781,052.000 Apr 2024 monthly Jan 2005 - Apr 2024
Government Budget: ytd: Financing (EGP mn) 455,887.000 Sep 2023 quarterly Jun 2005 - Sep 2023
Gross Domestic Debt (EGP mn) 4,742,107.000 Jun 2020 quarterly Sep 1997 - Jun 2020
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 5.419 2028 yearly 1980 - 2028
Trade Balance (USD mn) -2,681.0 Apr 2024 monthly Jan 1957 - Apr 2024
Total Exports (USD mn) 3,285.0 Apr 2024 monthly Jul 1994 - Apr 2024
Total Exports Growth (%) 8.5 Apr 2024 monthly Jul 1995 - Apr 2024
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 549,982.176 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 274,989.359 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 69,318.411 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Total Imports (USD mn) 5,966.0 Apr 2024 monthly Jul 1994 - Apr 2024
Total Imports Growth (%) 11.3 Apr 2024 monthly Jul 1995 - Apr 2024
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 2,425,187.296 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 876,034.340 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 169.524 Mar 2024 monthly Dec 2015 - Mar 2024
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 426.472 Mar 2024 monthly Dec 2015 - Mar 2024
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 40.470 Mar 2024 monthly Dec 2015 - Mar 2024
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 739.732 Mar 2024 monthly Dec 2015 - Mar 2024
Trade Balance: USD (USD mn) -2,681.000 Apr 2024 monthly Jul 1994 - Apr 2024
Exports: National: EGP (EGP mn) 91,019.000 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1994 - Sep 2023
Imports: EGP (EGP mn) 188,052.000 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1994 - Sep 2023
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 113.8 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 1994 - Dec 2023
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -7,463.1 Mar 2024 quarterly Dec 1993 - Mar 2024
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) 1.3 Dec 2022 quarterly Sep 2001 - Dec 2022
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 2,321.7 Sep 2023 quarterly Dec 1993 - Sep 2023
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 2.9 Dec 2023 quarterly Sep 2001 - Dec 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 776.200 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 1993 - Dec 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.7 Dec 2023 quarterly Sep 2001 - Dec 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) 46.0 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2011 - Sep 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) -569.400 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2011 - Sep 2023
External Debt (USD mn) 160,607.4 Mar 2024 quarterly Jun 1997 - Mar 2024
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 43.0 Dec 2023 quarterly Jun 1999 - Dec 2023
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 30,268.7 Sep 2023 quarterly Jun 1997 - Sep 2023
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 7.1 2023 yearly 1990 - 2023
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -14.101 2029 yearly 1980 - 2029
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) -277,422.500 Mar 2024 quarterly Dec 2013 - Mar 2024
BoP: CF: Financial Account (USD mn) 6,621.700 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 1993 - Dec 2023
BoP: CF: Financial Account: Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) -112.800 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1994 - Sep 2023
BoP: CA: Transfers (USD mn) 5,036.800 Mar 2024 quarterly Dec 1993 - Mar 2024
BoP: CF: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment Abroad (USD mn) -54.900 Sep 2023 quarterly Sep 1997 - Sep 2023
BoP: CA: Goods and Services (USD mn) -2,744.900 Sep 2023 quarterly Dec 1993 - Sep 2023
BoP: CF: Capital Account (USD mn) -27.400 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2004 - Dec 2023
BoP: CF: Financial Account: Net Portfolio Investment in Egypt (USD mn) -523.400 Sep 2023 quarterly Dec 1993 - Sep 2023
BoP: Net Errors and Omissions (USD mn) 339.500 Mar 2024 quarterly Dec 1993 - Mar 2024
BoP: CA: Goods and Services: Trade Balance (USD mn) -7,944.600 Sep 2023 quarterly Dec 1993 - Sep 2023
BoP: CA: Goods and Services: Services (USD mn) 5,199.700 Sep 2023 quarterly Dec 1993 - Sep 2023
BoP: Overall Balance (USD mn) 4,542.500 Mar 2024 quarterly Dec 1993 - Mar 2024
BoP: CF: Financial Account: Other Net Investment (OI) (USD mn) 137.000 Sep 2023 quarterly Dec 1993 - Sep 2023
Remittances: Inflow (USD mn) 4,931.800 Dec 2023 quarterly Sep 1999 - Dec 2023
Foreign Direct Investment: Inflow: European Union (EU) (USD mn) 1,278.300 Dec 2023 quarterly Jun 2001 - Dec 2023
Foreign Direct Investment: Inflow: Arab Countries: Saudi Arabia (USD mn) 235.200 Dec 2023 quarterly Jun 2001 - Dec 2023
Foreign Direct Investment: Inflow: Other Countries: China (USD mn) 226.000 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 2005 - Dec 2023
Foreign Direct Investment: Inflow: Arab Countries: Kuwait (USD mn) 159.700 Dec 2023 quarterly Jun 2001 - Dec 2023
Foreign Direct Investment: Inflow: United States of America (USD mn) 712.200 Dec 2023 quarterly Jun 2001 - Dec 2023
Foreign Direct Investment: Net: United States of America (USD mn) 425.800 Dec 2023 quarterly Sep 2021 - Dec 2023
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 2.6 Mar 2024 quarterly Mar 2011 - Mar 2024
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 7.8 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 2002 - Dec 2023
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 54,363.656 May 2024 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2024
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 218,965.186 May 2024 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2024
M2 Growth (%) 27.2 May 2024 monthly Jan 1997 - May 2024
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 18.0 May 2024 monthly Jan 2012 - May 2024
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 34,069.2 May 2024 monthly Dec 2004 - May 2024
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 6.219 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 2004 - Dec 2023
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 4.4 Apr 2023 monthly Dec 2004 - Apr 2023
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 9,557.000 May 2024 monthly Dec 1956 - May 2024
Total Deposits (USD mn) 242,005.528 Mar 2024 monthly Jun 2004 - Mar 2024
Total Deposits Growth (%) 24.3 Mar 2024 monthly Jun 2005 - Mar 2024
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 224,757.7 May 2024 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2024
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 25.6 May 2024 monthly Jan 1997 - May 2024
Household Debt (USD mn) 21,546.6 May 2024 monthly Dec 2002 - May 2024
Total Loans (USD mn) 187,241.664 Feb 2024 monthly Apr 1996 - Feb 2024
Total Loans Growth (%) 32.29 Feb 2024 monthly Apr 1997 - Feb 2024
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 25.46 Sep 2023 quarterly Jun 2002 - Sep 2023
Reserve Money: M0 (EGP mn) 1,827,043.000 May 2024 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2024
Counterpart Assets: DA: Credit (EGP mn) 10,625,893.000 May 2024 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2024
Domestic Liquidity: M2: Money Supply (M1) (EGP mn) 2,570,156.000 May 2024 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2024
Domestic Liquidity: M2 (EGP mn) 10,352,039.000 May 2024 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2024
Domestic Liquidity: M2: Quasi Money (QM) (EGP mn) 7,781,883.000 May 2024 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2024
International Reserves: Net (USD mn) 46,126.000 May 2024 monthly Jan 1996 - May 2024
International Reserves: Gross Official Reserves: Foreign Currency (USD mn) 36,558.000 May 2024 monthly Nov 2004 - May 2024
Banks Deposits: excl Central Bank of Egypt (CBE) (EGP mn) 10,617,335.088 Feb 2024 monthly Apr 1996 - Feb 2024
Banks Loans: excl Central Bank of Egypt (CBE) (EGP mn) 5,286,161.000 Dec 2023 monthly Nov 2003 - Dec 2023

More Indicators for Egypt

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