Colombia External Debt: % of GDP

1970 - 2021 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about Colombia External Debt: % of GDP

  • Colombia External Debt accounted for 54.6 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2021, compared with the ratio of 57.0 % in the previous year.
  • Colombia External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated yearly, available from Dec 1970 to Dec 2021.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 57.0 % in Dec 2020 and a record low of 19.1 % in Dec 2008.

CEIC calculates External Debt as % of Nominal GDP from monthly External Debt and quarterly Nominal GDP. The Bank of the Republic of Colombia provides External Debt in USD. National Administrative Department of Statistics provides Nominal GDP in local currency based on SNA 2008. The Bank of the Republic of Colombia average market exchange rate is used for currency conversions. Nominal GDP prior 2005 is based on SNA 1993. External Debt as % of Nominal GDP prior to 2001 is calculated from External Debt and Nominal GDP both sourced from the World Bank.


Related information about Colombia External Debt: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports of Colombia, Current Account recorded a deficit of 5.0 USD bn in Jun 2022.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 4.8 USD bn in Jun 2022.
  • Colombia Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 1.5 USD bn in Jun 2022.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment increased by 1.4 USD bn in Jun 2022.
  • The country's External Debt reached 175,917.1 in Jun 2022.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 91.9 USD bn in Jun 2022.

View Colombia's External Debt: % of GDP from 1970 to 2021 in the chart:

Colombia External Debt: % of GDP

What was Colombia's External Debt: % of GDP in 2021?

Colombia External Debt accounted for 54.6 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2021, compared with the ratio of 57.0 % in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
54.6 2021 57.0 2020 19.1 2008 57.0 2020 % yearly 1970 - 2021

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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Includes External Debt: % of GDP on 108 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 63.2 2021 yearly 1991 - 2021
Algeria (%) 2.4 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Argentina (%) 56.6 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Armenia (%) 99.9 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Australia (%) 116.1 2021 yearly 1988 - 2021
Austria (%) 161.7 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Azerbaijan (%) 14.9 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2021
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 58.5 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2022
Belgium (%) 258.0 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
Bolivia (%) 38.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 25.5 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Botswana (%) 8.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Brazil (%) 35.3 2021 yearly 1992 - 2021
Bulgaria (%) 61.8 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Cambodia (%) 75.1 2021 yearly 2010 - 2021
Canada (%) 135.9 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Chile (%) 75.4 2021 yearly 1971 - 2021
China (%) 15.5 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Colombia (%) 54.6 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Croatia (%) 74.6 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Cyprus (%) 822.3 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Czech Republic (%) 73.2 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Denmark (%) 149.9 2021 yearly 2005 - 2021
Ecuador (%) 54.1 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Egypt (%) 34.6 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 1999 - Mar 2022
Estonia (%) 84.7 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
European Union (%) 130.0 2021 yearly 2008 - 2021
Finland (%) 208.1 2021 yearly 1991 - 2021
France (%) 256.2 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Georgia (%) 117.5 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Germany (%) 170.3 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Ghana (%) 35.6 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Greece (%) 304.3 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 510.6 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
Hungary (%) 155.5 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Iceland (%) 84.8 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021
India (%) 19.9 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Indonesia (%) 35.1 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Iran (%) 0.9 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (%) 688.8 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Israel (%) 32.8 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Italy (%) 137.6 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Ivory Coast (%) 24.0 2018 yearly 1994 - 2018
Japan (%) 97.9 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Jordan (%) 86.6 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Kazakhstan (%) 81.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2002 - Mar 2022
Kenya (%) 35.3 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
South Korea (%) 34.9 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Kosovo (%) 38.1 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
Kuwait (%) 58.5 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 106.1 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Laos (%) 53.8 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Latvia (%) 107.8 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
Lebanon (%) 53.0 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Lithuania (%) 76.6 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Luxembourg (%) 4,791.4 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
North Macedonia (%) 81.4 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Malawi (%) 39.4 2014 yearly 2006 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 70.0 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Malta (%) 633.5 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Mauritius (%) 2,062.5 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Mexico (%) 47.0 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Moldova (%) 65.9 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Mongolia (%) 221.1 2021 yearly 1992 - 2021
Montenegro (%) 203.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Morocco (%) 46.9 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Mozambique (%) 71.7 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 412.2 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
New Zealand (%) 87.9 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
Nigeria (%) 8.8 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Norway (%) 154.4 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Pakistan (%) 34.5 2022 yearly 2000 - 2022
Palestinian Territory (%) 12.0 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
Panama (%) 177.4 2021 yearly 2014 - 2021
Paraguay (%) 50.4 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Peru (%) 45.2 2021 yearly 1980 - 2021
Philippines (%) 27.0 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Poland (%) 56.5 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Portugal (%) 193.3 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 56.0 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Russia (%) 27.1 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
Serbia (%) 68.5 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Singapore (%) 448.3 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Slovakia (%) 137.0 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Slovenia (%) 97.7 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
South Africa (%) 38.3 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Spain (%) 192.9 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Sri Lanka (%) 57.7 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Sudan (%) 105.1 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Sweden (%) 169.6 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Switzerland (%) 287.3 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Taiwan (%) 27.6 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Tajikistan (%) 40.6 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Thailand (%) 38.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Mar 2022
Tunisia (%) 100.9 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Turkey (%) 54.2 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021
Ukraine (%) 64.8 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021

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Colombia Key Series

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Includes 216 key indicators for Colombia, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -4.1 Sep 2021 quarterly Dec 2000 - Sep 2021
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) 1,574.093 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 1995 - Sep 2021
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 5,035.892 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1999 - Jul 2022
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 17.2 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
National Government Debt (USD mn) 208,662.8 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2001 - Mar 2022
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 65.6 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2005 - Dec 2021
Forecast: Government Expenditure (COP bn) 571,821.857 2027 yearly 1982 - 2027
Forecast: Government Net Debt (COP bn) 980,686.993 2027 yearly 1996 - 2027
Forecast: Government Revenue (COP bn) 551,613.754 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Tax Collection: Internal: Petrol & Diesel Fuel Tax (COP mn) 182,848.672 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2000 - Jul 2022
Tax Collection: Internal: VAT (COP mn) 7,415,564.273 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1999 - Jul 2022
Tax Collection: Internal: Income Tax (COP mn) 8,903,699.056 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1999 - Jul 2022
Tax Collection: Total (COP mn) 22,127,758.774 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1999 - Jul 2022
Central Government Debt: Medium and Long Term: Internal (COP bn) 426,138.650 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2022
Central Government Debt: Medium and Long Term: External (COP bn) 274,313.485 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2022
Central Government Debt: Medium and Long Term (COP bn) 700,452.135 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2022
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 2.411 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Trade Balance (USD mn) -976.9 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1958 - Jul 2022
Total Exports (USD mn) 5,913.9 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1970 - Jul 2022
Total Exports Growth (%) 71.7 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1971 - Jul 2022
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 56,092.607 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 269,956.916 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 38,225.759 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Imports (USD mn) 6,890.9 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1980 - Jul 2022
Total Imports Growth (%) 43.5 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1981 - Jul 2022
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 1,753,438.593 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 1,322,031.248 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 1,624.516 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2008 - Jul 2022
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 1,627.568 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1981 - Jun 2022
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 76.969 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2008 - Jul 2022
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 1,632.718 Jul 2022 monthly Jun 1988 - Jul 2022
Trade Balance: ytd: Total (USD mn) -7,199.236 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2006 - Jul 2022
Terms of Trade Index (2000=100) 158.644 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 1980 - Aug 2022
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 1,494.5 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1996 - Jun 2022
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -5,039.5 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1996 - Jun 2022
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -5.7 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1996 - Jun 2022
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 4,773.1 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1996 - Jun 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 5.4 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1996 - Jun 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 1,421.609 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 1.6 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) -267.0 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1996 - Jun 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) 1,688.622 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1996 - Jun 2022
External Debt (USD mn) 175,917.1 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Jun 2022
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 54.6 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 27,911.0 Jun 2022 monthly Oct 1999 - Jun 2022
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 7.8 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -17.933 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) -174,151.839 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
BoP: BPM6: Current Account: Goods & Services: Services: Debit (USD mn) 4,325.231 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
BoP: BPM6: Errors and Omissions (USD mn) -124.175 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
BoP: BPM6: Financial Account: Direct Investment (USD mn) -3,278.537 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
BoP: BPM6: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment: LI: Equity & Investment Fund... (USD mn) -267.013 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
BoP: BPM6: Current Account: Goods & Services: Goods: Credit (USD mn) 16,489.112 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
BoP: BPM6: Current Account: Goods & Services: Goods: Debit (USD mn) 18,312.545 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
BoP: BPM6: Current Account: Goods & Services: Services: Credit (USD mn) 2,989.373 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
BoP: BPM6: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment (USD mn) -604.802 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
BoP: BPM6: Financial Account: Derivatives (USD mn) 36.170 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
BoP: BPM6: Financial Account: Reserve Assets (USD mn) 74.079 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
BoP: BPM6: Current Account: Goods & Services: Services (USD mn) -1,335.858 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
BoP: BPM6: Current Account: Credit (USD mn) 24,259.941 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
BoP: BPM6: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment: Acquisition of Financial Ass... (USD mn) 816.807 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
BoP: BPM6: Financial Account: Derivatives: Net Acquisition of Financial Assets (USD mn) -104.031 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
BoP: BPM6: Financial Account: Other Investment (USD mn) -2,561.420 Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2018
BoP: BPM6: Current Account: Debit (USD mn) 29,299.414 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
BoP: BPM6: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment: Liabilities Incurred (LI) (USD mn) 1,421.609 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
BoP: BPM6: Financial Account: Derivatives: Net Liabilities Incurred (USD mn) -140.201 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
BoP: BPM6: Financial Account (USD mn) -5,163.649 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
BoP: BPM6: Current Account: Goods & Services: Goods (USD mn) -1,823.433 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
BoP: BPM6: Financial Account: Direct Investment: Acquisition of Financial Assets... (USD mn) 1,494.529 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
BoP: BPM6: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment: LI: Debt Securities (USD mn) 1,688.622 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
BoP: BPM6: Financial Account: Other Investment: Liabilities Incurred (LI) (USD mn) 2,666.016 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
BoP: BPM6: Financial Account: Other Investment: Acquisition of Financial Assets ... (USD mn) 1,275.459 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
International Investment Position (IIP) (USD mn) -174,151.839 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
IIP: Assets (USD mn) 229,441.021 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
IIP: Liabilities (USD mn) 403,592.860 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
External Debt: Public Sector: Total (USD mn) 100,927.389 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Jun 2022
External Debt: Private Sector: Total (USD mn) 74,989.748 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Jun 2022
External Debt: Total: Long Term (USD mn) 148,006.121 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Jun 2022
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 3.7 Jun 2022 monthly Apr 1995 - Jun 2022
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 36.3 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2016 - Mar 2022
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 41,780.708 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 1984 - Aug 2022
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 154,195.187 Aug 2022 monthly Dec 1979 - Aug 2022
M2 Growth (%) 14.5 Aug 2022 monthly Dec 1980 - Aug 2022
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 8.0 Aug 2022 monthly Jun 2008 - Aug 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 52,499.7 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1956 - Jul 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 16.436 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 7.6 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1980 - Jul 2022
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 257.400 Aug 2022 monthly Dec 1956 - Aug 2022
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 179,982.0 Apr 2022 monthly Jan 1993 - Apr 2022
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 14.0 Apr 2022 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2022
Credit to Households (USD bn) 88.920 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1996 - Dec 2021
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector (USD bn) 185.400 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1996 - Dec 2021
Household Debt (USD mn) 70,593.6 Jun 2022 monthly Apr 1995 - Jun 2022
Total Loans (USD mn) 154,735.404 May 2022 monthly Apr 1995 - May 2022
Total Loans Growth (%) 16.30 Jun 2022 monthly Apr 1996 - Jun 2022
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 51.15 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2005 - Mar 2022
Monetary Base (COP bn) 143,406.767 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 1980 - Aug 2022
Money Supply: M3 (COP bn) 732,911.724 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 1982 - Aug 2022
Net International Reserves: Gross (USD mn) 56,989.525 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 1960 - Aug 2022
Net International Reserves: Gross: Gold (USD mn) 257.400 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 1980 - Aug 2022
Credits Institutions: Credit Balance Including Leasing: Gross (COP bn) 616,535.189 Jun 2022 monthly Apr 1995 - Jun 2022
CO: Bank Non-Performing Loans to Total Gross Loans (%) 3.947 2021 yearly 2005 - 2021
CO: Domestic Credit: Net (COP mn) 632,897,649.671 2020 yearly 1960 - 2020
CO: Bank Liquid Reserves: to Bank Assets Ratio (%) 5.776 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Business Confidence Growth (% Point) -6.6 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1981 - Jul 2022
IOS: Business Climate Indicators: Favorable Situation (%) 78.070 Jun 2022 monthly Oct 2006 - Jun 2022
IOS: Business Climate Indicators: Better Expectations (%) 39.040 Jun 2022 monthly Oct 2006 - Jun 2022

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