Colombia External Debt: % of GDP

1970 - 2020 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about Colombia`s External Debt: % of GDP

  • Colombia External Debt accounted for 56.7 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2020, compared with the ratio of 42.9 % in the previous year.
  • Colombia External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated yearly, available from Dec 1970 to Dec 2020.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 56.7 % in Dec 2020 and a record low of 19.1 % in Dec 2008.

CEIC calculates External Debt as % of Nominal GDP from monthly External Debt and quarterly Nominal GDP. The Bank of the Republic of Colombia provides External Debt in USD. National Administrative Department of Statistics provides Nominal GDP in local currency based on SNA 2008. The Bank of the Republic of Colombia average market exchange rate is used for currency conversions. Nominal GDP prior 2005 is based on SNA 1993. External Debt as % of Nominal GDP prior to 2001 is calculated from External Debt and Nominal GDP both sourced from the World Bank.


Related information about Colombia`s External Debt: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports of Colombia, Current Account recorded a deficit of 4.6 USD bn in Jun 2021.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 2.1 USD bn in Jun 2021.
  • Colombia Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 1.0 USD bn in Jun 2021.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment increased by 5.6 USD bn in Jun 2021.
  • The country's External Debt reached 153,628.4 in Mar 2021.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 72.8 USD bn in Dec 2020.

View Colombia's External Debt: % of GDP from 1970 to 2020 in the chart:

Colombia External Debt: % of GDP

What was Colombia's External Debt: % of GDP in 2020?

Colombia External Debt accounted for 56.7 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2020, compared with the ratio of 42.9 % in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
56.7 2020 42.9 2019 19.1 2008 56.7 2020 % yearly 1970 - 2020

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

Buy Selected Data

Includes External Debt: % of GDP on 108 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 65.6 2020 yearly 1991 - 2020
Algeria (%) 2.2 2019 yearly 1970 - 2019
Argentina (%) 70.7 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Armenia (%) 102.3 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Australia (%) 129.1 2020 yearly 1988 - 2020
Austria (%) 164.9 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Azerbaijan (%) 20.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2020
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 70.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2020
Belgium (%) 264.3 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Bolivia (%) 33.0 2019 yearly 2006 - 2019
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 23.1 2019 yearly 1999 - 2019
Botswana (%) 8.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Brazil (%) 38.4 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
Bulgaria (%) 65.3 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Cambodia (%) 69.9 2020 yearly 2010 - 2020
Canada (%) 142.8 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Chile (%) 82.4 2020 yearly 1971 - 2020
China (%) 16.3 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Colombia (%) 56.7 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Croatia (%) 87.9 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Cyprus (%) 908.4 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Czech Republic (%) 75.5 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Denmark (%) 157.0 2020 yearly 2005 - 2020
Ecuador (%) 57.4 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Egypt (%) 33.9 Sep 2020 quarterly Jun 1999 - Sep 2020
Estonia (%) 91.1 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
European Union (%) 130.3 2020 yearly 2008 - 2020
Finland (%) 225.1 2020 yearly 1991 - 2020
France (%) 261.7 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Georgia (%) 129.8 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Germany (%) 163.7 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Ghana (%) 34.2 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Greece (%) 298.2 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 514.2 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Hungary (%) 155.9 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Iceland (%) 83.5 2020 yearly 1989 - 2020
India (%) 21.1 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Indonesia (%) 39.3 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Iran (%) 1.1 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (%) 701.2 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Israel (%) 32.9 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Italy (%) 140.7 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Ivory Coast (%) 24.0 2018 yearly 1994 - 2018
Japan (%) 92.8 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Jordan (%) 82.1 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Kazakhstan (%) 96.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2020
Kenya (%) 33.1 2019 yearly 2015 - 2019
South Korea (%) 33.3 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Kosovo (%) 37.2 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Kuwait (%) 50.5 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 112.9 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Laos (%) 52.6 2019 yearly 1996 - 2019
Latvia (%) 124.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
Lebanon (%) 62.8 2019 yearly 2007 - 2019
Lithuania (%) 75.7 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Luxembourg (%) 5,173.1 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
North Macedonia (%) 80.2 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Malawi (%) 39.4 2014 yearly 2006 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 67.6 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Malta (%) 678.6 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Mauritius (%) 2,062.5 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Mexico (%) 42.8 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Moldova (%) 70.1 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Mongolia (%) 243.1 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
Montenegro (%) 150.5 2019 yearly 2006 - 2019
Morocco (%) 53.6 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Mozambique (%) 71.8 2017 yearly 1985 - 2017
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 443.8 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
New Zealand (%) 90.3 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020
Nigeria (%) 7.8 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Norway (%) 180.1 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Pakistan (%) 41.0 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Palestinian Territory (%) 35.4 2018 yearly 2012 - 2018
Panama (%) 201.9 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Paraguay (%) 53.8 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Peru (%) 43.3 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Philippines (%) 27.2 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Poland (%) 60.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Portugal (%) 205.2 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 58.2 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Russia (%) 31.5 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020
Serbia (%) 61.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Singapore (%) 471.3 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Slovakia (%) 121.2 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Slovenia (%) 101.9 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
South Africa (%) 50.8 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Spain (%) 198.8 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Sri Lanka (%) 61.1 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Sudan (%) 120.5 2019 yearly 2001 - 2019
Sweden (%) 164.2 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Switzerland (%) 283.3 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Taiwan (%) 28.4 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Tajikistan (%) 37.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Thailand (%) 36.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2020
Tunisia (%) 100.9 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Turkey (%) 60.4 2020 yearly 1989 - 2020
Ukraine (%) 80.8 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020

Accurate Macro & Micro Economic Data You Can Trust

Explore the most complete set of 6.6 million time series covering more than 200 economies, 20 industries and 18 macroeconomic sectors.

Learn more about what we do

Colombia Key Series

Buy Selected Data

Includes 250 key indicators for Colombia, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -5.8 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2000 - Sep 2020
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -5,467.923 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 1995 - Sep 2020
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 2,853.743 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Aug 2021
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 15.3 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Mar 2021
National Government Debt (USD mn) 189,906.6 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2002 - Mar 2021
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 65.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2005 - Dec 2020
Forecast: Government Expenditure (COP bn) 472,919.970 2026 yearly 1982 - 2026
Forecast: Government Net Debt (COP bn) 881,658.890 2026 yearly 1996 - 2026
Forecast: Government Revenue (COP bn) 447,725.860 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Central Government: Expenditure (COP bn) 19,739.717 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Mar 2021
Central Government: Revenue (COP bn) 20,187.847 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Mar 2021
Tax Collection: Internal: VAT (COP mn) 985,368.790 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Aug 2021
Tax Collection: Internal: Petrol & Diesel Fuel Tax (COP mn) 159,448.690 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 2000 - Aug 2021
Tax Collection: Internal: Income Tax (COP mn) 6,073,279.185 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Aug 2021
Tax Collection: Total (COP mn) 11,094,440.039 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Aug 2021
Central Government Debt: Medium and Long Term: Internal (COP bn) 365,521.902 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2021
Central Government Debt: Medium and Long Term: External (COP bn) 250,647.363 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2021
Central Government Debt: Medium and Long Term (COP bn) 616,169.265 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2021
CO: Central Government Debt: Total (COP mn) 495,859,665.995 2016 yearly 1998 - 2016
CO: Expenditure (COP mn) 327,893,515.924 2019 yearly 1998 - 2019
CO: Revenue and Grants: Revenue: Taxes on Income: Profits and Capital Gains (COP mn) 68,571,665.207 2019 yearly 1998 - 2019
CO: Net Acquisition of Financial Assets (COP mn) -55,654.260 2019 yearly 1998 - 2019
CO: Central Government Debt: Total: % of GDP (%) 57.406 2016 yearly 1998 - 2016
CO: Social Contributions (COP mn) 34,924,725.889 2019 yearly 1998 - 2019
CO: Revenue Excluding Grants (COP mn) 256,482,916.408 2019 yearly 1998 - 2019
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 3.527 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Trade Balance (USD mn) -2,030.4 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1958 - Aug 2021
Total Exports (USD mn) 3,326.6 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 1970 - Mar 2021
Total Exports Growth (%) 28.4 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1971 - Aug 2021
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 34,218.320 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 271,542.252 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 33,182.037 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Imports (USD mn) 4,934.8 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 1980 - Mar 2021
Total Imports Growth (%) 49.8 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1981 - Aug 2021
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 1,315,531.682 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 983,396.960 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 884.013 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2008 - Dec 2020
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 947.462 Feb 2021 monthly Jan 1981 - Feb 2021
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 156.037 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2008 - Apr 2021
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 1,186.112 Mar 2021 monthly Jun 1988 - Mar 2021
Trade Balance: ytd: Total (USD mn) -8,165.786 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2006 - Jul 2021
Terms of Trade Index (2000=100) 135.829 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1980 - Aug 2021
CO: Export Volume Index (2000=100) 222.734 2019 yearly 1980 - 2019
CO: Import Value Index (2000=100) 456.755 2019 yearly 1980 - 2019
CO: Export Value Index (2000=100) 302.534 2019 yearly 1980 - 2019
CO: Import Volume Index (2000=100) 463.492 2019 yearly 1980 - 2019
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 1,012.8 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1996 - Jun 2021
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -4,635.6 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1996 - Jun 2021
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -6.3 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1996 - Jun 2021
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 2,092.4 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1996 - Jun 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 2.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1996 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 5,593.909 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 2.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) -6.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1996 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) 1,583.299 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1996 - Dec 2020
External Debt (USD mn) 153,628.4 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Mar 2021
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 56.7 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 22,804.1 Jul 2021 monthly Oct 1999 - Jul 2021
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 8.0 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -15.501 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) -175,473.792 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
BoP: BPM6: Current Account: Goods & Services: Goods: Credit (USD mn) 9,412.509 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2021
BoP: BPM6: Current Account: Goods & Services: Goods: Debit (USD mn) 13,146.880 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2021
BoP: BPM6: Current Account: Goods & Services: Services: Credit (USD mn) 1,564.280 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2021
BoP: BPM6: Financial Account (USD mn) -4,149.213 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2021
BoP: BPM6: Current Account: Goods & Services: Goods (USD mn) -3,734.371 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2021
BoP: BPM6: Financial Account: Other Investment (USD mn) -2,561.420 Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2018
BoP: BPM6: Current Account: Goods & Services: Services (USD mn) -1,732.955 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2021
BoP: BPM6: Current Account: Goods & Services: Services: Debit (USD mn) 3,297.235 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2021
BoP: BPM6: Errors and Omissions (USD mn) 486.406 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2021
International Investment Position (IIP) (USD mn) -154,728.658 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2021
IIP: Liabilities (USD mn) 376,769.370 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2021
IIP: Assets (USD mn) 222,040.712 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2021
External Debt: Public Sector: Total (USD mn) 91,954.758 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Jul 2021
External Debt: Private Sector: Total (USD mn) 66,436.300 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Jul 2021
External Debt: Total: Long Term (USD mn) 135,586.957 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Jul 2021
FDI: Manufacturing (USD mn) 197.139 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1996 - Jun 2021
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) (USD mn) 2,092.384 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1996 - Jun 2021
FDI: Wholesale & Retail Trade, Hotels & Restaurants (USD mn) 203.349 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1996 - Jun 2021
FDI: Petroleum (USD mn) 286.478 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1996 - Jun 2021
FDI: Transport, Storage & Communications (USD mn) 324.229 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1996 - Jun 2021
CO: BOP: Net Errors and Omissions (USD mn) 991.911 2020 yearly 1968 - 2020
CO: BOP: Financial Account: Foreign Direct Investment: Net (USD mn) -5,724.090 2020 yearly 1968 - 2020
CO: BOP: Current Account: Personal Remittances: Paid (USD mn) 259.399 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
CO: BOP: Current Account: Personal Remittances: Received (USD mn) 6,873.554 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
CO: External Debt: Debt Outstanding, Debt Ration and Debt Service (DOD): Stocks:... (USD mn) 138,695.033 2019 yearly 1970 - 2019
CO: External Debt: TDS: Debt Service: Total (USD mn) 19,225.410 2019 yearly 1970 - 2019
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 5.2 Jan 2021 monthly Apr 1995 - Jan 2021
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 23.4 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2005 - Mar 2021
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 45,222.420 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1984 - Aug 2021
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 155,666.946 Aug 2021 monthly Dec 1979 - Aug 2021
M2 Growth (%) 6.9 Sep 2021 monthly Dec 1980 - Sep 2021
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 8.0 Apr 2021 monthly Jun 2008 - Apr 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 53,661.5 Aug 2021 monthly Dec 1956 - Aug 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 19.300 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2000 - Jun 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 11.8 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1980 - Jul 2021
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 272.900 Aug 2021 monthly Dec 1956 - Aug 2021
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 169,014.8 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jun 2021
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 0.3 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jun 2021
Credit to Households (USD bn) 86.769 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1996 - Mar 2021
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector (USD bn) 180.900 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1996 - Mar 2021
Household Debt (USD mn) 63,241.3 Jul 2021 monthly Apr 1995 - Jul 2021
Total Loans (USD mn) 143,788.485 Jan 2021 monthly Apr 1995 - Jan 2021
Total Loans Growth (%) -0.10 Mar 2021 monthly Apr 1996 - Mar 2021
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 54.06 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2005 - Dec 2020
Monetary Base (COP bn) 128,779.060 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1980 - Aug 2021
Money Supply: M3 (COP bn) 643,390.063 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1982 - Aug 2021
Net International Reserves: Gross: Gold (USD mn) 272.900 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1980 - Aug 2021
Net International Reserves: Gross (USD mn) 58,854.409 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1960 - Aug 2021
Credits Institutions: Credit Balance Including Leasing: Gross (COP bn) 534,676.697 Jul 2021 monthly Apr 1995 - Jul 2021
CO: Domestic Credit: Net (COP mn) 632,897,649.671 2020 yearly 1960 - 2020
CO: Bank Liquid Reserves: to Bank Assets Ratio (%) 6.646 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Business Confidence Growth (% Point) 41.8 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 1981 - Mar 2021
IOS: Business Climate Indicators: Favorable Situation (%) 72.880 Jun 2021 monthly Oct 2006 - Jun 2021
IOS: Business Climate Indicators: Better Expectations (%) 55.930 Jun 2021 monthly Oct 2006 - Jun 2021

Check out our pricing options.

Explore the most complete set of 6.6 million time series covering more than 200 economies, 20 industries and 18 macroeconomic sectors.

View pricing options

CEIC Flex

from $39

Entry level access to the CEIC platform for individual users. Download limits apply. Payable monthly by credit card.

View this option

CEIC Unlimited

Request a Demo

Full and unlimited access to CEIC data for multiple users. Suitable for enterprise usage. Available via annual subscription to one or more of CEIC’s global and premium databases.

Request a demo
Unlimited access tailored to your data needs
Flexible monthly access to CEIC data