Thailand External Debt: % of GDP

2005 - 2022 | Quarterly | % | Bank of Thailand

Key information about Thailand External Debt: % of GDP

  • Thailand External Debt accounted for 37.9 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2022, compared with the ratio of 38.4 % in the previous quarter.
  • Thailand External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated quarterly, available from Mar 2005 to Jun 2022.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 38.4 % in Mar 2022 and a record low of 26.4 % in Jun 2009.

The Bank of Thailand provides External Debt as % of Nominal GDP. Nominal GDP in USD is calculated by the Bank of Thailand using Weighted Average Interbank Exchange Rate.


Related information about Thailand External Debt: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports of Thailand, Current Account recorded a surplus of 623.3 USD mn in Sep 2022.
  • Thailand Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 948.5 USD mn in Jun 2022.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment increased by 796.6 USD mn in Jun 2022.
  • The country's External Debt reached 194,188.5 in Jun 2022.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 126.9 USD bn in Jun 2022.

View Thailand's External Debt: % of GDP from Mar 2005 to Jun 2022 in the chart:

Thailand External Debt: % of GDP

What was Thailand's External Debt: % of GDP in Jun 2022?

Thailand External Debt accounted for 37.9 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2022, compared with the ratio of 38.4 % in the previous quarter. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
37.9 Jun 2022 38.4 Mar 2022 26.4 Jun 2009 38.4 Mar 2022 % quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2022

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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Includes External Debt: % of GDP on 109 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 63.2 2021 yearly 1991 - 2021
Algeria (%) 2.4 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Argentina (%) 56.6 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Armenia (%) 99.9 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Australia (%) 116.1 2021 yearly 1988 - 2021
Austria (%) 163.3 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Azerbaijan (%) 14.9 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2021
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 58.5 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2022
Belgium (%) 258.3 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
Bolivia (%) 38.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 24.4 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Botswana (%) 8.6 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Brazil (%) 35.3 2021 yearly 1992 - 2021
Bulgaria (%) 58.4 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Cambodia (%) 75.1 2021 yearly 2010 - 2021
Canada (%) 135.0 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Chile (%) 75.4 2021 yearly 1971 - 2021
China (%) 15.5 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Colombia (%) 54.5 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Croatia (%) 74.6 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Cyprus (%) 699.5 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Czech Republic (%) 73.2 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Denmark (%) 151.0 2021 yearly 2005 - 2021
Ecuador (%) 54.0 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Egypt (%) 32.6 Jun 2022 quarterly Jun 1999 - Jun 2022
Estonia (%) 84.7 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
European Union (%) 129.4 2021 yearly 2008 - 2021
Finland (%) 208.1 2021 yearly 1991 - 2021
France (%) 256.2 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Georgia (%) 117.7 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Germany (%) 169.4 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Ghana (%) 35.8 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Greece (%) 305.3 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 510.6 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
Hungary (%) 157.7 2021 yearly 2006 - 2021
Iceland (%) 84.8 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021
India (%) 19.9 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Indonesia (%) 35.0 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Iran (%) 0.9 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (%) 681.1 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Israel (%) 32.8 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Italy (%) 138.0 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Ivory Coast (%) 24.0 2018 yearly 1994 - 2018
Japan (%) 97.9 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Jordan (%) 85.7 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Kazakhstan (%) 78.0 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2002 - Jun 2022
Kenya (%) 34.5 2021 yearly 2006 - 2021
South Korea (%) 34.9 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Kosovo (%) 37.4 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
Kuwait (%) 58.5 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 106.1 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Laos (%) 53.8 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Latvia (%) 101.5 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
Lebanon (%) 53.0 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Lithuania (%) 77.0 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Luxembourg (%) 4,874.0 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
North Macedonia (%) 81.4 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Malawi (%) 39.4 2014 yearly 2006 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 70.0 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Malta (%) 620.7 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Mauritius (%) 2,061.8 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Mexico (%) 47.1 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Moldova (%) 65.9 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Mongolia (%) 221.1 2021 yearly 1992 - 2021
Montenegro (%) 203.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Morocco (%) 46.9 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Mozambique (%) 71.7 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Myanmar (%) 16.7 2020 yearly 2018 - 2020
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 412.2 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
New Zealand (%) 87.9 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
Nigeria (%) 8.8 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Norway (%) 151.9 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Pakistan (%) 34.5 2022 yearly 2000 - 2022
Palestinian Territory (%) 12.0 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
Panama (%) 177.4 2021 yearly 2014 - 2021
Paraguay (%) 50.4 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Peru (%) 45.2 2021 yearly 1980 - 2021
Philippines (%) 27.0 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Poland (%) 56.6 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Portugal (%) 190.4 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 56.9 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Russia (%) 27.1 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
Serbia (%) 68.5 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Singapore (%) 448.3 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Slovakia (%) 135.1 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Slovenia (%) 97.3 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
South Africa (%) 38.3 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Spain (%) 192.9 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Sri Lanka (%) 57.7 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Sudan (%) 105.1 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Sweden (%) 169.7 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Switzerland (%) 292.0 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Taiwan (%) 27.5 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Tajikistan (%) 40.6 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Thailand (%) 37.9 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2022
Tunisia (%) 93.1 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Turkey (%) 54.2 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021

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Thailand Key Series

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Includes 306 key indicators for Thailand, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -3.5 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2022
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -6,550.063 Oct 2022 monthly Oct 2001 - Oct 2022
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 68,602.250 2021 yearly 1984 - 2021
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 13.3 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
National Government Debt (USD mn) 242,387.6 Oct 2022 monthly Oct 1997 - Oct 2022
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 53.4 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1997 - Sep 2022
Forecast: Government Expenditure (THB bn) 5,260.891 2027 yearly 1995 - 2027
Forecast: Government Net Debt (THB bn) 12,987.820 2027 yearly 1996 - 2027
Forecast: Government Revenue (THB bn) 4,502.881 2027 yearly 1995 - 2027
Govt Revenue: Gross: Revenue Dept: Value Added Tax (THB mn) 68,616.81 Jun 2018 monthly Oct 1989 - Jun 2018
Govt Revenue: Gross: Excise Dept (THB mn) 47,541.47 Jun 2018 monthly Oct 1989 - Jun 2018
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 3.512 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Trade Balance (USD mn) -596.4 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1957 - Oct 2022
Total Exports (USD mn) 21,772.4 Oct 2022 monthly Oct 1990 - Oct 2022
Total Exports Growth (%) 6.7 Oct 2022 monthly Oct 1991 - Oct 2022
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 1,098,430.812 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 425,567.013 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 206,397.695 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Imports (USD mn) 22,368.8 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Oct 2022
Total Imports Growth (%) 24.7 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 1992 - Sep 2022
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 1,717,678.030 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 1,086,777.011 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 3,506.398 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1971 - Oct 2022
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 1,512.721 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 1971 - Sep 2022
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 2,515.524 Oct 2022 monthly Sep 1978 - Oct 2022
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 5,320.137 Oct 2022 monthly Apr 1974 - Oct 2022
MoC: Imports: Custom Basis (THB mn) 832,874.815 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Oct 2022
MoC: Exports: Custom Basis (THB mn) 801,273.415 Oct 2022 monthly Oct 1990 - Oct 2022
MoC: Trade Balance: Custom Basis (THB mn) -31,601.400 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Oct 2022
Exports: Mfg: Automotive (THB mn) 128,902.070 Dec 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Dec 2021
Exports: Agriculture: Rice (THB mn) 12,522.650 Dec 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Dec 2021
Exports: Mfg: Electronics: Computer Parts (THB mn) 58,184.910 Dec 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Dec 2021
Exports: Mfg: Machinery & Equipment (THB mn) 65,054.790 Dec 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Dec 2021
Exports: Agriculture: Rubber (THB mn) 16,820.770 Dec 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Dec 2021
Imports: RM: Non-Agro: Electronic Parts (THB mn) 102,308.670 Dec 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Dec 2021
Imports: RM: Non-Agro: Base Metal Materials (THB mn) 78,500.930 Dec 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Dec 2021
Imports: Consumer Goods: ND: Animal and Fishery (THB mn) 11,411.360 Dec 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Dec 2021
Imports: Others: Non-Monetary Gold (THB mn) 38,118.000 Dec 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Dec 2021
Imports: Capital Goods: Machinery and Equipment (ME) (THB mn) 148,385.460 Dec 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Dec 2021
Imports Volume: Liquefied Natural Gas (Cub ft mn) 32,185.410 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 2010 - Sep 2022
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 948.5 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2022
Current Account Balance (USD mn) 837.1 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1985 - Oct 2022
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -5.8 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1993 - Sep 2022
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) -517.0 Jul 2020 monthly Jan 2005 - Jul 2020
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.6 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1993 - Jun 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 796.630 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.6 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) 985.0 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1976 - Jun 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) 723.500 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1976 - Mar 2022
External Debt (USD mn) 194,188.5 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2022
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 37.9 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2022
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 76,773.1 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2022
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 14.8 2021 yearly 1980 - 2021
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) 24.316 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) 23,580.720 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2012 - Jun 2022
BOP: USD: Current Account Balance (USD mn) -3,492.410 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 2005 - Aug 2022
Private Investment Index (PII): Seasonally Adjusted (SA) (2010=100) 139.20 Jun 2018 monthly Jan 2010 - Jun 2018
FDI: Financial & Insurance Activities (THB mn) 27,347.560 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Mar 2022
FDI: Manufacturing (THB mn) -4,457.720 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2022
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI): Agr, Forestry & Fishing (THB mn) -62.950 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2022
FDI: Construction (THB mn) 1,231.770 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2022
FDI: Mining & Quarrying (THB mn) 776.540 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2022
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 3.0 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1998 - Dec 2019
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 88.1 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2003 - Jun 2022
Non-Performing Loans (USD mn) 13,323.244 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Sep 2022
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 79,530.410 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1975 - Jul 2022
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 651,210.549 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 1997 - Sep 2022
M2 Growth (%) 5.2 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 1998 - Aug 2022
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 1.0 Nov 2022 monthly Sep 1997 - Nov 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 182,671.6 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1993 - Oct 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 8.2 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Oct 2022
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 12,821.270 Oct 2022 monthly Dec 1956 - Oct 2022
Total Deposits (USD mn) 462,850.151 Aug 2022 monthly Dec 2000 - Aug 2022
Total Deposits Growth (%) 5.0 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 2001 - Jul 2022
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 661,866.6 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 2003 - Oct 2022
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 5.7 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 2004 - Oct 2022
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector (%) 14.400 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
Credit to Households (USD bn) 444.914 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1991 - Mar 2022
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector (USD bn) 880.035 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1957 - Mar 2022
Household Debt (USD mn) 418,013.7 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2003 - Jun 2022
Total Loans (USD mn) 459,733.051 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 2007 - Sep 2022
Total Loans Growth (%) 3.49 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 2008 - Sep 2022
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 164.84 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2011 - Sep 2022
MA: Quasi Money (THB mn) 21,810,052.000 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1997 - Oct 2022
MA: Narrow Money (NM) (THB mn) 2,907,828.000 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1997 - Oct 2022
Monetary Aggregates (MA): Broad Money (THB mn) 24,717,880.000 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1997 - Oct 2022
Credit: Outs: CB: Businesses (THB mn) 7,080,873.000 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2004 - Jul 2022
Credit: Outs: CB: Individuals (THB mn) 6,368,335.000 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 2004 - Sep 2022
Deposit: Outs: CB: Individuals (THB mn) 8,847,239.000 Sep 2022 monthly Oct 2003 - Sep 2022
Deposit: Outs: CB: Businesses (THB mn) 5,018,692.000 Sep 2022 monthly Oct 2003 - Sep 2022
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Global Competitiveness Index (Score) 68.112 2019 yearly 2017 - 2019
Business Confidence Growth (% Point) 2.0 Nov 2022 monthly Feb 2000 - Nov 2022
Leading Economic Index (LEI): BOT: Seasonally Adjusted (2000=100) 150.37 Jun 2018 monthly Jan 1993 - Jun 2018

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