New Zealand External Debt: % of GDP

1993 - 2021 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about New Zealand External Debt: % of GDP

  • New Zealand External Debt accounted for 87.2 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2021, compared with the ratio of 90.1 % in the previous year.
  • New Zealand External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated yearly, available from Dec 1993 to Dec 2021.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 123.5 % in Dec 2008 and a record low of 76.9 % in Dec 1994.

CEIC calculates External Debt as % of Nominal GDP from quarterly External Debt and quarterly Nominal GDP. Statistics New Zealand provides External Debt in local currency based on BPM6 and Nominal GDP in local currency based on SNA 2008. External Debt as % of Nominal GDP prior to 2000 is calculated from External Debt based on BPM5 and Nominal GDP based on SNA 1993.


Related information about New Zealand External Debt: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports of New Zealand, Current Account recorded a deficit of 3.6 USD bn in Sep 2022.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 1.3 USD bn in Sep 2022.
  • New Zealand Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 110.2 USD mn in Sep 2022.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment increased by 165.3 USD mn in Sep 2022.
  • The country's External Debt reached 185,375.8 in Sep 2022.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 59.8 USD bn in Sep 2022.

View New Zealand's External Debt: % of GDP from 1993 to 2021 in the chart:

New Zealand External Debt: % of GDP

What was New Zealand's External Debt: % of GDP in 2021?

New Zealand External Debt accounted for 87.2 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2021, compared with the ratio of 90.1 % in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
87.2 2021 90.1 2020 76.9 1994 123.5 2008 % yearly 1993 - 2021

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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Includes External Debt: % of GDP on 109 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 63.2 2021 yearly 1991 - 2021
Algeria (%) 1.9 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Argentina (%) 56.6 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Armenia (%) 99.9 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Australia (%) 115.3 2021 yearly 1988 - 2021
Austria (%) 163.3 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Azerbaijan (%) 14.9 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2021
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 57.7 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Sep 2022
Belgium (%) 258.5 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
Bolivia (%) 38.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 24.4 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Botswana (%) 8.0 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Brazil (%) 34.4 2021 yearly 1992 - 2021
Bulgaria (%) 58.4 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Cambodia (%) 75.1 2021 yearly 2010 - 2021
Canada (%) 135.5 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Chile (%) 75.4 2021 yearly 1971 - 2021
China (%) 15.4 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Colombia (%) 54.6 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Croatia (%) 77.5 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Cyprus (%) 699.5 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Czech Republic (%) 73.2 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Denmark (%) 151.0 2021 yearly 2005 - 2021
Ecuador (%) 54.1 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Egypt (%) 32.6 Jun 2022 quarterly Jun 1999 - Jun 2022
Estonia (%) 84.7 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
European Union (%) 129.2 2021 yearly 2008 - 2021
Finland (%) 208.1 2021 yearly 1991 - 2021
France (%) 256.2 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Georgia (%) 117.8 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Germany (%) 169.4 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Ghana (%) 35.8 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Greece (%) 305.3 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 508.5 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
Hungary (%) 157.7 2021 yearly 2006 - 2021
Iceland (%) 84.8 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021
India (%) 19.9 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Indonesia (%) 35.0 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Iran (%) 0.9 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (%) 681.1 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Israel (%) 33.1 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Italy (%) 138.0 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Ivory Coast (%) 31.4 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Japan (%) 96.4 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Jordan (%) 85.7 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Kazakhstan (%) 74.7 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2002 - Sep 2022
Kenya (%) 34.5 2021 yearly 2006 - 2021
South Korea (%) 34.9 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Kosovo (%) 37.4 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
Kuwait (%) 58.5 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 106.1 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Laos (%) 53.8 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Latvia (%) 101.5 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
Lebanon (%) 53.0 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Lithuania (%) 77.0 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Luxembourg (%) 4,874.0 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
North Macedonia (%) 81.9 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Malawi (%) 39.4 2014 yearly 2006 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 70.0 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Malta (%) 620.7 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Mauritius (%) 2,070.9 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Mexico (%) 47.1 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Moldova (%) 64.1 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Mongolia (%) 221.1 2021 yearly 1992 - 2021
Montenegro (%) 180.1 2021 yearly 2006 - 2021
Morocco (%) 46.9 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Mozambique (%) 71.7 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Myanmar (%) 16.7 2020 yearly 2018 - 2020
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 412.2 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
New Zealand (%) 87.2 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
Nigeria (%) 8.8 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Norway (%) 152.8 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Pakistan (%) 34.5 2022 yearly 2000 - 2022
Palestinian Territory (%) 11.9 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
Panama (%) 177.4 2021 yearly 2014 - 2021
Paraguay (%) 49.8 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Peru (%) 45.2 2021 yearly 1980 - 2021
Philippines (%) 27.0 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Poland (%) 56.6 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Portugal (%) 190.6 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 56.6 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Russia (%) 26.2 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
Serbia (%) 68.5 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Singapore (%) 448.3 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Slovakia (%) 135.1 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Slovenia (%) 97.3 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
South Africa (%) 38.3 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Spain (%) 192.9 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Sri Lanka (%) 57.7 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Sudan (%) 105.1 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Sweden (%) 170.4 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Switzerland (%) 295.8 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Taiwan (%) 27.5 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Tajikistan (%) 40.6 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Thailand (%) 37.0 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2022
Tunisia (%) 94.6 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Turkey (%) 54.2 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021

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New Zealand Key Series

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Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -1.4 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1999 - Sep 2022
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) 4,190.530 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2022
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 78,790.666 2022 yearly 1999 - 2022
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 31.5 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
National Government Debt (USD mn) 73,499.1 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2006 - Sep 2022
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 34.9 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2006 - Sep 2022
Forecast: Government Expenditure (NZD bn) 186.787 2027 yearly 1985 - 2027
Forecast: Government Net Debt (NZD bn) 256.155 2027 yearly 1985 - 2027
Forecast: Government Revenue (NZD bn) 187.897 2027 yearly 1985 - 2027
General Government: ytd: Expenses (NZD mn) 38,680.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2022
General Government: ytd: Revenue (NZD mn) 36,195.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2022
General Government: ytd: Borrowings (NZD mn) 219,232.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 2002 - Sep 2022
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 5.211 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Trade Balance (USD mn) -1,129.3 Nov 2022 monthly Jan 1957 - Nov 2022
Total Exports (USD mn) 4,046.1 Nov 2022 monthly Jan 1957 - Nov 2022
Total Exports Growth (%) 17.7 Nov 2022 monthly Jan 1952 - Nov 2022
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 1,364,839.114 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 241,628.761 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 407,416.309 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Imports (USD mn) 5,175.4 Nov 2022 monthly Jan 1960 - Nov 2022
Total Imports Growth (%) 26.3 Nov 2022 monthly Jan 1961 - Nov 2022
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 815,777.745 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 655,404.594 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 391.063 Nov 2022 monthly Jul 1981 - Nov 2022
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 390.363 Nov 2022 monthly Jan 1981 - Nov 2022
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 958.147 Nov 2022 monthly Jul 1981 - Nov 2022
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 1,068.885 Nov 2022 monthly Jul 1982 - Nov 2022
Exports: fob: SITC: Manufacturing: Goods (NZD mn) 399.839 Nov 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2022
Exports: fob: SITC: Manufacturing: Machinery & Transport Equipment (NZD mn) 410.943 Nov 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2022
Exports: fob: SITC: Mineral Fuels (NZD mn) 84.419 Nov 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2022
Exports: fob: SITC: Food & Live Animals (NZD mn) 3,887.185 Nov 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2022
Exports: fob: Australia: sa (NZD mn) 755.290 Nov 2022 monthly Jul 1981 - Nov 2022
Exports: fob: China: sa (NZD mn) 1,580.839 Nov 2022 monthly Jul 1981 - Nov 2022
Exports: fob: United States (NZD mn) 645.211 Nov 2022 monthly Jul 1981 - Nov 2022
Exports: fob: Australia (NZD mn) 815.114 Nov 2022 monthly Jan 1988 - Nov 2022
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 110.2 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 2000 - Sep 2022
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -3,635.2 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 1971 - Sep 2022
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -6.1 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 1987 - Sep 2022
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 1,306.6 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 2000 - Sep 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 2.3 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 2000 - Sep 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 165.319 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 1995 - Sep 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.3 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 1995 - Sep 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) 655.2 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 2000 - Sep 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) -489.834 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 1995 - Sep 2022
External Debt (USD mn) 185,375.8 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1993 - Sep 2022
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 87.2 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 68,062.8 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 2000 - Sep 2022
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 30.2 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Total Debt: % of GDP (%) 633.9 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -16.122 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) -109,285.540 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 2000 - Sep 2022
Balance of Payment: Current Account: Services: Debit (NZD mn) 7,030.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 1971 - Sep 2022
Balance of Payment: Current Account: Primary Income: Debit (NZD mn) 5,558.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 1971 - Sep 2022
Balance of Payment: Financial Account: Liabilities: Other Investment (NZD mn) 1,815.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 2000 - Sep 2022
Balance of Payment: Current Account: Goods (NZD mn) -4,932.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 1971 - Sep 2022
Balance of Payment: Financial Account (NZD mn) 5,198.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 2000 - Sep 2022
Balance of Payment: Financial Account: Assets: Portfolio Investment (NZD mn) -407.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 2000 - Sep 2022
Balance of Payment: Current Account (NZD mn) -10,205.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 1971 - Sep 2022
Balance of Payment: Capital Account: Debit (NZD mn) 51.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1997 - Sep 2022
Balance of Payment: Current Account: Goods: Debit (NZD mn) 22,692.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 1971 - Sep 2022
Balance of Payment: Financial Account: Assets: Reserve Assets (NZD mn) -450.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 2000 - Sep 2022
Balance of Payment: Current Account: Primary Income: Credit (NZD mn) 2,684.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 1971 - Sep 2022
Balance of Payment: Financial Account: Assets (NZD mn) -4,274.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 2000 - Sep 2022
Balance of Payment: Financial Account: Liabilities (NZD mn) 924.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 2000 - Sep 2022
Balance of Payment: Financial Account: Assets: Financial Derivatives (NZD mn) -1,183.000 Jun 2022 quarterly Jun 2000 - Jun 2022
Balance of Payment: Financial Account: Liabilities: Direct Investment (NZD mn) 2,134.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 2000 - Sep 2022
Balance of Payment: Financial Account: Liabilities: Portfolio Investment (NZD mn) 270.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 2000 - Sep 2022
Balance of Payment: Current Account: Services (NZD mn) -2,367.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 1971 - Sep 2022
Balance of Payment: Financial Account: Liabilities: Financial Derivatives (NZD mn) -3,158.000 Jun 2022 quarterly Jun 2000 - Jun 2022
Balance of Payment: Current Account: Goods: Credit (NZD mn) 19,446.000 Jun 2022 quarterly Jun 1971 - Jun 2022
Balance of Payment: Capital Account: Credit (NZD mn) 1.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 1996 - Sep 2022
Balance of Payment: Net Errors and Omissions (NZD mn) 1,770.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 2000 - Mar 2022
Balance of Payment: Current Account: Services: Credit (NZD mn) 3,417.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 1971 - Mar 2022
Balance of Payment: Financial Account: Assets: Direct Investment (NZD mn) 180.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 2000 - Sep 2022
Balance of Payment: Financial Account: Assets: Other Investment (NZD mn) -2,072.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 2000 - Sep 2022
Balance of Payment: Current Account: Primary Income (NZD mn) -2,931.000 Jun 2022 quarterly Jun 1971 - Jun 2022
Balance of Payment: Capital Account (NZD mn) -50.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 1996 - Sep 2022
BOP: Current Account: Goods & Services (NZD mn) -7,299.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 1971 - Sep 2022
Balance of Payment: Current Account: sa: GS: Goods (NZD mn) -1,928.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 1971 - Sep 2022
Balance of Payment: Current Account: sa: GS: Services: Credit (NZD mn) 5,501.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 1971 - Sep 2022
Balance of Payment: Current Account: sa: GS: Services (NZD mn) -1,103.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 1971 - Sep 2022
Balance of Payment: Current Account: sa: GS: Services: Debit (NZD mn) 6,604.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 1971 - Sep 2022
Balance of Payment: Current Account: sa (NZD mn) -5,937.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 1971 - Sep 2022
Balance of Payment: Current Account: sa: GS: Goods: Credit (NZD mn) 19,688.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 1971 - Sep 2022
Balance of Payment: Current Account: sa: GS: Goods: Debit (NZD mn) 21,617.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 1971 - Sep 2022
IIP: Assets (NZD mn) 356,122.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 2000 - Sep 2022
IIP: Net (NZD mn) -193,700.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 2000 - Sep 2022
International Investment Position: Liabilities (NZD mn) 549,822.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 2000 - Sep 2022
External Debt: Net (NZD mn) -149,667.000 Dec 2018 quarterly Jun 2000 - Dec 2018
Direct Investment Abroad: Stock (NZD mn) 27,660.000 2022 yearly 2001 - 2022
Direct Investment Abroad: Stock: Australia (NZD mn) 13,604.000 2022 yearly 2001 - 2022
Direct Investment Abroad: Stock: United Kingdom (NZD mn) 903.000 2022 yearly 2001 - 2022
Direct Investment Abroad: Stock: United States of America (NZD mn) 7,056.000 2022 yearly 2001 - 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: Australia (NZD mn) 69,902.000 2022 yearly 2001 - 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: United Kingdom (NZD mn) 5,511.000 2022 yearly 2001 - 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: United States of America (NZD mn) 9,485.000 2022 yearly 2001 - 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock (NZD mn) 138,580.000 2022 yearly 2001 - 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: Netherlands (NZD mn) 3,880.000 2018 yearly 2001 - 2018
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: Japan (NZD mn) 5,553.000 2018 yearly 2001 - 2018
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 0.5 Dec 2017 quarterly Mar 1996 - Dec 2017
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 95.2 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1990 - Sep 2022
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 82,122.352 Nov 2022 monthly Dec 2016 - Nov 2022
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 247,653.755 Nov 2022 monthly Mar 1988 - Nov 2022
M2 Growth (%) 3.7 Nov 2022 monthly Mar 1989 - Nov 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 11,073.5 Dec 2022 monthly Sep 2005 - Dec 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 3.846 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2005 - Sep 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 2.1 Nov 2022 monthly Sep 2005 - Nov 2022
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 0.000 Dec 2022 monthly Dec 1950 - Dec 2022
Total Deposits (USD mn) 272,018.097 Nov 2022 monthly Dec 2016 - Nov 2022
Total Deposits Growth (%) 4.0 Nov 2022 monthly Dec 2017 - Nov 2022
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 368,485.5 Nov 2022 monthly Mar 1988 - Nov 2022
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 4.1 Nov 2022 monthly Mar 1989 - Nov 2022
Credit to Households (USD bn) 219.368 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 1990 - Jun 2022
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector (USD bn) 383.133 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1960 - Jun 2022
Household Debt (USD mn) 223,254.5 Nov 2022 monthly Dec 1990 - Nov 2022
Total Loans (USD mn) 339,366.493 Nov 2022 monthly Dec 2016 - Nov 2022
Total Loans Growth (%) 4.65 Nov 2022 monthly Dec 2017 - Nov 2022
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 146.97 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1988 - Sep 2022
Depository Corp: Domestic Credit (NZD mn) 591,090.000 Nov 2022 monthly Mar 1988 - Nov 2022
Depository Corp: Money Supply: Broad Money (NZD mn) 397,263.000 Nov 2022 monthly Mar 1988 - Nov 2022
Depository Corp: Money Supply: Broad Money: Narrow Money (NZD mn) 131,733.000 Nov 2022 monthly Dec 2016 - Nov 2022
Official Reserve Assets: Foreign Currency Reserves (NZD mn) 18,203.603 Nov 2022 monthly Sep 2005 - Nov 2022
Official Reserve Assets (NZD mn) 23,623.482 Nov 2022 monthly Sep 2005 - Nov 2022
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Business Confidence Growth (% Point) -14.0 Dec 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Dec 2022
House Price Inflation: Net Percent Expecting (%) 82.200 Dec 2022 quarterly Jun 2011 - Dec 2022
House Price Inflation: Net Percent Expecting Higher (%) -25.600 Dec 2022 quarterly Mar 2022 - Dec 2022
Performance Manufacturing Index (NA) 49.100 Dec 2022 monthly Aug 2002 - Dec 2022
Business Outlook Survey: Service: Business Confidence Index (Point) -64.000 Dec 2022 monthly Feb 1991 - Dec 2022
Business Outlook Survey: All Industries: Business Confidence Index (Point) -70.200 Dec 2022 monthly Feb 1991 - Dec 2022

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