Malaysia External Debt: % of GDP

2009 - 2020 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Malaysia External Debt accounted for 67.6 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2020, compared with the ratio of 62.6 % in the previous year. Malaysia External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated yearly, available from Dec 2009 to Dec 2020. The data reached an all-time high of 73.2 % in Dec 2016 and a record low of 52.9 % in Dec 2010. CEIC calculates External Debt as % of Nominal GDP from annual External Debt and annual Nominal GDP. Bank Negara Malaysia provides External Debt in local currency. The Department of Statistics provides Nominal GDP in local currency based on SNA 2008 with benchmark year 2015. Nominal GDP prior to 2015 is based on SNA 2008 with benchmark year 2010 and prior to 2010 is based on SNA 1993 with benchmark year 2005.

In the latest reports of Malaysia, Current Account recorded a surplus of 3.0 USD bn in Mar 2021. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 1.3 USD bn in Dec 2020. Malaysia Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 2.2 USD bn in Mar 2021. Its Foreign Portfolio Investment increased by 3.6 USD bn in Mar 2021. The country's External Debt reached 250,821.6 in Mar 2021. The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 92.1 USD bn in Dec 2020.

View Malaysia's External Debt: % of GDP from 2009 to 2020 in the chart:

Malaysia External Debt: % of GDP

What was Malaysia's External Debt: % of GDP in 2020?

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
67.6 2020 62.6 2019 52.9 2010 73.2 2016 % yearly 2009 - 2020

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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Includes External Debt: % of GDP on 108 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 65.6 2020 yearly 1991 - 2020
Algeria (%) 2.2 2019 yearly 1970 - 2019
Argentina (%) 70.7 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Armenia (%) 102.3 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Australia (%) 129.1 2020 yearly 1988 - 2020
Austria (%) 163.3 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Azerbaijan (%) 20.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2020
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 70.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2020
Belgium (%) 268.6 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Bolivia (%) 33.0 2019 yearly 2006 - 2019
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 23.1 2019 yearly 1999 - 2019
Botswana (%) 8.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Brazil (%) 38.4 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
Bulgaria (%) 66.1 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Cambodia (%) 69.9 2020 yearly 2010 - 2020
Canada (%) 142.8 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Chile (%) 82.4 2020 yearly 1971 - 2020
China (%) 16.3 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Colombia (%) 56.7 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Croatia (%) 87.9 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Cyprus (%) 908.4 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Czech Republic (%) 75.5 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Denmark (%) 157.0 2020 yearly 2005 - 2020
Ecuador (%) 57.4 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Egypt (%) 33.9 Sep 2020 quarterly Jun 1999 - Sep 2020
Estonia (%) 91.1 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
European Union (%) 130.0 2020 yearly 2008 - 2020
Finland (%) 225.2 2020 yearly 1991 - 2020
France (%) 261.7 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Georgia (%) 129.6 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Germany (%) 163.7 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Ghana (%) 34.2 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Greece (%) 299.2 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 514.2 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Hungary (%) 160.2 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Iceland (%) 83.5 2020 yearly 1989 - 2020
India (%) 21.1 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Indonesia (%) 39.3 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Iran (%) 1.1 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (%) 701.2 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Israel (%) 32.9 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Italy (%) 140.7 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Ivory Coast (%) 24.0 2018 yearly 1994 - 2018
Japan (%) 92.8 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Jordan (%) 82.1 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Kazakhstan (%) 96.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2020
Kenya (%) 33.1 2019 yearly 2015 - 2019
South Korea (%) 33.3 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Kosovo (%) 37.0 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Kuwait (%) 50.2 2019 yearly 2014 - 2019
Kyrgyzstan (%) 112.9 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Laos (%) 52.6 2019 yearly 1996 - 2019
Latvia (%) 124.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
Lebanon (%) 62.8 2019 yearly 2007 - 2019
Lithuania (%) 74.2 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Luxembourg (%) 5,104.4 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
North Macedonia (%) 80.2 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Malawi (%) 39.4 2014 yearly 2006 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 67.6 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Malta (%) 678.4 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Mauritius (%) 2,062.5 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Mexico (%) 42.8 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Moldova (%) 70.1 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Mongolia (%) 243.1 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
Montenegro (%) 150.5 2019 yearly 2006 - 2019
Morocco (%) 53.6 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Mozambique (%) 71.8 2017 yearly 1985 - 2017
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 443.8 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
New Zealand (%) 90.6 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020
Nigeria (%) 7.8 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Norway (%) 180.1 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Pakistan (%) 41.0 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Palestinian Territory (%) 35.4 2018 yearly 2012 - 2018
Panama (%) 201.9 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Paraguay (%) 53.7 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Peru (%) 43.3 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Philippines (%) 27.2 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Poland (%) 60.3 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Portugal (%) 202.8 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 57.8 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Russia (%) 31.5 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020
Serbia (%) 61.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Singapore (%) 471.3 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Slovakia (%) 121.2 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Slovenia (%) 101.9 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
South Africa (%) 50.8 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Spain (%) 199.4 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Sri Lanka (%) 61.1 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Sudan (%) 120.5 2019 yearly 2001 - 2019
Sweden (%) 164.2 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Switzerland (%) 283.3 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Taiwan (%) 28.4 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Tajikistan (%) 37.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Thailand (%) 36.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2020
Tunisia (%) 100.9 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Turkey (%) 62.8 2020 yearly 1989 - 2020
Ukraine (%) 80.8 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020

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Malaysia Key Series

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Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -3.6 2019 yearly 1970 - 2019
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -13,265.471 2019 yearly 1970 - 2019
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 9,680.975 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1980 - Jun 2021
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 10.8 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1991 - Mar 2021
National Government Debt (USD mn) 231,053.8 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1978 - Jun 2021
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 62.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2020
Forecast: Government Expenditure (MYR bn) 510.059 2026 yearly 1990 - 2026
Forecast: Government Net Debt (MYR bn) 1,498.370 2026 yearly 1990 - 2026
Forecast: Government Revenue (MYR bn) 445.686 2026 yearly 1990 - 2026
Central Government Operations: ytd: Revenue (MYR mn) 122,382.000 Jul 2021 monthly Mar 2000 - Jul 2021
Central Government Operations: ytd: Overall Balance (MYR mn) -65,558.000 Jul 2021 monthly Mar 2000 - Jul 2021
Central Government Operations: ytd: Expenditure (MYR mn) 187,941.000 Jul 2021 monthly Mar 2000 - Jul 2021
Govt Debt: External (MYR mn) 259,931.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Jun 2021
Govt Debt: Domestic (MYR mn) 698,457.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Jun 2021
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 3.978 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Trade Balance (USD mn) 2,895.9 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1990 - Jul 2021
Total Exports (USD mn) 22,190.2 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1990 - Jul 2021
Total Exports Growth (%) 4.8 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 2,409,834.715 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 235,667.489 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 186,700.958 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Imports (USD mn) 19,294.4 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1990 - Jul 2021
Total Imports Growth (%) 24.0 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 971,675.708 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 391,248.435 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 2,648.496 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 1976 - Dec 2020
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 1,446.053 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 1976 - Mar 2021
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 3,750.075 Apr 2021 monthly Jun 1976 - Apr 2021
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 4,897.822 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 1976 - Apr 2021
MY: Exports: fob: Advanced Economies: Hong Kong SAR (China) (USD mn) 1,795.510 May 2021 monthly Jan 1976 - May 2021
Trade Balance: sa (MYR mn) 12,171.893 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1990 - Jul 2021
Imports: Taiwan (MYR mn) 4,690.016 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1986 - Mar 2019
Imports: Value: Electrical & Electronic Products (MYR mn) 26,067.595 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1989 - Jul 2021
Imports: Value: Optical and Scientific Equipment (MYR mn) 2,238.269 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Jul 2021
Imports: Value: Machinery, Appliances and Parts (MYR mn) 5,870.108 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1989 - Jul 2021
Exports: Value: Electrical & Electronic Products (MYR mn) 34,742.303 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1989 - Jul 2021
Exports: Value: Machinery, Appliances and Parts (MYR mn) 3,472.392 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1989 - Jul 2021
Exports: Value: Optical and Scientific Equipment (MYR mn) 3,762.886 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Jul 2021
Import Volume Index (IVI): Total (2010=100) 159.100 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2014 - Jul 2021
Import Volume Index; sa (2010=100) 154.300 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2012 - Jul 2021
Export Volume index; sa (2010=100) 137.000 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2012 - Jul 2021
Export Volume Index (EVI): Total (2010=100) 145.700 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2014 - Jul 2021
Terms of Trade: Total (2010=100) 105.000 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2014 - Jul 2021
Imports: MG: Iron and Steel (MYR mn) 2,341.434 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1990 - Jul 2021
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 2,102.6 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2021
Current Account Balance (USD mn) 3,492.1 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2021
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) 3.9 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2021
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 1,326.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2020
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 2.8 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Mar 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 7,402.260 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 3.4 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) -314.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) 3,421.683 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2020
External Debt (USD mn) 246,067.8 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2009 - Jun 2021
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 67.6 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 93,011.4 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2009 - Jun 2021
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 25.9 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) 19.471 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) 19,815.262 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
BoP: Financial Acc: Financial Derivatives (MYR mn) -635.207 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2021
BoP: Reserves Assets (MYR mn) -4,704.979 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2021
BoP: CA: GS: Services: Debit (MYR mn) 36,501.535 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2021
BoP: CA: Primary Income (PI): Net (MYR mn) -9,457.650 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2021
BoP: CA: PI: Debit (MYR mn) 28,707.952 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2021
BoP: Financial Acc (MYR mn) -6,957.410 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2021
BoP: Financial Acc: Portfolio Investment (MYR mn) 19,951.713 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2021
BoP: Financial Acc: Portfolio Investment: Asset (MYR mn) -10,595.194 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2021
BoP: Financial Acc: Direct Investment: Liabilities (MYR mn) 12,881.235 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2021
BoP: Capital Account (MYR mn) -143.110 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2006 - Jun 2021
Balance of Payment (BoP): Current Account (CA) (MYR mn) 14,411.007 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2021
BoP: Financial Acc: Direct Investment: Asset (MYR mn) -8,676.612 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2021
BoP: CA: GS: Goods: Debit (MYR mn) 203,381.633 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2021
BoP: CA: Secondary Income: Net (MYR mn) -1,375.986 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2021
BoP: Financial Acc: Direct Investment (MYR mn) 4,204.623 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2021
BoP: CA: PI: Credit (MYR mn) 19,250.302 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2021
BoP: CA: GS: Goods: Credit (MYR mn) 244,046.167 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2021
BoP: CA: GS: Services: Credit (MYR mn) 21,081.644 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2021
BoP: Net Errors and Omissions (MYR mn) -2,605.508 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2021
BoP: Financial Acc: Portfolio Investment: Liabilities (MYR mn) 30,546.907 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2021
BoP: Financial Acc: Other Investment (MYR mn) -30,478.539 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2021
BoP: CA: Secondary Income: Debit (MYR mn) 7,170.189 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2021
BoP: CA: GS: Services: Net (MYR mn) -15,419.891 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2021
BoP: CA: Secondary Income: Credit (MYR mn) 5,794.203 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2021
BoP: CA: GS: Goods: Net (MYR mn) 40,664.534 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2021
External Debt: Medium and Long Term (ML) (MYR mn) 634,862.593 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2009 - Jun 2021
External Debt: Serv: Interest: ML Term: Total (MYR mn) 16,098.000 2020 yearly 2010 - 2020
External Debt: Serv: Repayment: ML Term: Total (MYR mn) 100,802.000 2020 yearly 2010 - 2020
Funds Inflow: Direct Investment Assets (DIA) (MYR mn) 21,625.104 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Jun 2021
Number of Bankruptcies (Unit) 711.000 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 1998 - Dec 2020
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 1.7 Jul 2021 monthly Dec 2005 - Jul 2021
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 93.2 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Non-Performing Loans (USD mn) 7,355.417 Jul 2021 monthly Dec 2005 - Jul 2021
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 130,561.255 Jul 2021 monthly Dec 1969 - Jul 2021
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 497,792.033 Jul 2021 monthly Dec 1969 - Jul 2021
M2 Growth (%) 3.8 Jul 2021 monthly Dec 1970 - Jul 2021
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 2.0 Mar 2021 monthly Jun 1959 - Mar 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 106,600.0 Aug 2021 monthly Apr 2000 - Aug 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 2.000 Mar 2021 monthly Jun 1959 - Mar 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 5.5 Dec 2020 monthly Apr 2000 - Dec 2020
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 2,200.000 Aug 2021 monthly Dec 1956 - Aug 2021
Total Deposits (USD mn) 506,491.759 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2007 - Jul 2021
Total Deposits Growth (%) 5.9 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2008 - Mar 2021
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 553,822.8 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1987 - Jul 2021
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 2.8 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1988 - Jul 2021
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector (%) 13.900 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
Credit to Households (USD bn) 262.735 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2006 - Mar 2021
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector (USD bn) 527.928 Dec 2020 quarterly Jun 1964 - Dec 2020
Household Debt (USD mn) 328,687.3 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Total Loans (USD mn) 447,193.214 Mar 2021 monthly Dec 1996 - Mar 2021
Total Loans Growth (%) 3.86 Apr 2021 monthly Dec 1997 - Apr 2021
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 134.11 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2020
Money Supply M3 (MYR mn) 2,106,362.073 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2013 - Jul 2021
Banking System: Demand Deposits (MYR mn) 329,103.228 Oct 2018 monthly Jan 2007 - Oct 2018
Banking System: Demand Deposits: Business Enterprises (MYR mn) 269,144.456 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2007 - Jul 2021
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Global Competitiveness Index (Score) 74.602 2019 yearly 2017 - 2019
Business Confidence Growth (% Point) 28.8 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2004 - Mar 2021

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