Malaysia External Debt: % of GDP

2009 - 2021 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about Malaysia External Debt: % of GDP

  • Malaysia External Debt accounted for 70.0 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2021, compared with the ratio of 67.6 % in the previous year.
  • Malaysia External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated yearly, available from Dec 2009 to Dec 2021.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 73.2 % in Dec 2016 and a record low of 52.9 % in Dec 2010.

CEIC calculates External Debt as % of Nominal GDP from annual External Debt and annual Nominal GDP. Bank Negara Malaysia provides External Debt in local currency. The Department of Statistics provides Nominal GDP in local currency based on SNA 2008 with benchmark year 2015. Nominal GDP prior to 2015 is based on SNA 2008 with benchmark year 2010 and prior to 2010 is based on SNA 1993 with benchmark year 2005.


Related information about Malaysia External Debt: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports of Malaysia, Current Account recorded a surplus of 3.2 USD bn in Sep 2022.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 4.4 USD bn in Sep 2022.
  • Malaysia Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 4.0 USD bn in Sep 2022.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment fell by 550.8 USD mn in Sep 2022.
  • The country's External Debt reached 252,255.9 in Sep 2022.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 101.7 USD bn in Sep 2022.

View Malaysia's External Debt: % of GDP from 2009 to 2021 in the chart:

Malaysia External Debt: % of GDP

What was Malaysia's External Debt: % of GDP in 2021?

Malaysia External Debt accounted for 70.0 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2021, compared with the ratio of 67.6 % in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
70.0 2021 67.6 2020 52.9 2010 73.2 2016 % yearly 2009 - 2021

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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Includes External Debt: % of GDP on 109 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 63.2 2021 yearly 1991 - 2021
Algeria (%) 2.4 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Argentina (%) 56.6 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Armenia (%) 99.9 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Australia (%) 116.1 2021 yearly 1988 - 2021
Austria (%) 163.3 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Azerbaijan (%) 14.9 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2021
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 58.5 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2022
Belgium (%) 258.3 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
Bolivia (%) 38.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 24.4 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Botswana (%) 8.6 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Brazil (%) 35.3 2021 yearly 1992 - 2021
Bulgaria (%) 58.4 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Cambodia (%) 75.1 2021 yearly 2010 - 2021
Canada (%) 135.0 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Chile (%) 75.4 2021 yearly 1971 - 2021
China (%) 15.5 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Colombia (%) 54.5 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Croatia (%) 74.6 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Cyprus (%) 699.5 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Czech Republic (%) 73.2 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Denmark (%) 151.0 2021 yearly 2005 - 2021
Ecuador (%) 54.0 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Egypt (%) 32.6 Jun 2022 quarterly Jun 1999 - Jun 2022
Estonia (%) 84.7 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
European Union (%) 129.4 2021 yearly 2008 - 2021
Finland (%) 208.1 2021 yearly 1991 - 2021
France (%) 256.2 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Georgia (%) 117.7 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Germany (%) 169.4 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Ghana (%) 35.8 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Greece (%) 305.3 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 510.6 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
Hungary (%) 157.7 2021 yearly 2006 - 2021
Iceland (%) 84.8 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021
India (%) 19.9 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Indonesia (%) 35.0 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Iran (%) 0.9 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (%) 681.1 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Israel (%) 32.8 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Italy (%) 138.0 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Ivory Coast (%) 24.0 2018 yearly 1994 - 2018
Japan (%) 97.9 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Jordan (%) 85.7 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Kazakhstan (%) 78.0 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2002 - Jun 2022
Kenya (%) 34.5 2021 yearly 2006 - 2021
South Korea (%) 34.9 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Kosovo (%) 37.4 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
Kuwait (%) 58.5 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 106.1 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Laos (%) 53.8 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Latvia (%) 107.8 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
Lebanon (%) 53.0 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Lithuania (%) 77.0 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Luxembourg (%) 4,874.0 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
North Macedonia (%) 81.4 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Malawi (%) 39.4 2014 yearly 2006 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 70.0 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Malta (%) 620.7 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Mauritius (%) 2,061.8 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Mexico (%) 47.1 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Moldova (%) 65.9 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Mongolia (%) 221.1 2021 yearly 1992 - 2021
Montenegro (%) 203.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Morocco (%) 46.9 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Mozambique (%) 71.7 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Myanmar (%) 16.7 2020 yearly 2018 - 2020
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 412.2 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
New Zealand (%) 87.9 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
Nigeria (%) 8.8 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Norway (%) 151.9 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Pakistan (%) 34.5 2022 yearly 2000 - 2022
Palestinian Territory (%) 12.0 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
Panama (%) 177.4 2021 yearly 2014 - 2021
Paraguay (%) 50.4 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Peru (%) 45.2 2021 yearly 1980 - 2021
Philippines (%) 27.0 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Poland (%) 56.6 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Portugal (%) 190.4 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 56.9 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Russia (%) 27.1 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
Serbia (%) 68.5 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Singapore (%) 448.3 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Slovakia (%) 135.1 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Slovenia (%) 97.3 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
South Africa (%) 38.3 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Spain (%) 192.9 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Sri Lanka (%) 57.7 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Sudan (%) 105.1 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Sweden (%) 169.7 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Switzerland (%) 292.0 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Taiwan (%) 27.5 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Tajikistan (%) 40.6 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Thailand (%) 37.9 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2022
Tunisia (%) 93.1 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Turkey (%) 54.2 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021

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Malaysia Key Series

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Includes 249 key indicators for Malaysia, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -4.3 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -16,140.108 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 10,710.040 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1980 - Jun 2022
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 12.9 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1991 - Sep 2022
National Government Debt (USD mn) 231,838.2 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1978 - Sep 2022
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 61.6 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2010 - Sep 2022
Forecast: Government Expenditure (MYR bn) 452.251 2027 yearly 1990 - 2027
Forecast: Government Net Debt (MYR bn) 1,690.890 2027 yearly 1990 - 2027
Forecast: Government Revenue (MYR bn) 370.744 2027 yearly 1990 - 2027
Central Government Operations: ytd: Expenditure (MYR mn) 259,627.886 Sep 2022 monthly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
Govt Debt: Domestic (MYR mn) 808,284.982 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2008 - Sep 2022
Govt Debt: External (MYR mn) 264,292.663 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2008 - Jun 2022
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 3.855 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Trade Balance (USD mn) 2,467.7 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1990 - Oct 2022
Total Exports (USD mn) 31,402.8 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 1990 - Sep 2022
Total Exports Growth (%) 15.0 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Oct 2022
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 6,433,310.767 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 315,175.598 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 257,330.124 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Imports (USD mn) 23,592.3 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1990 - Oct 2022
Total Imports Growth (%) 28.9 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Oct 2022
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 1,464,866.906 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 1,465,564.487 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 2,924.470 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1976 - Oct 2022
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 2,181.816 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1976 - Oct 2022
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 3,922.560 Oct 2022 monthly Jun 1976 - Oct 2022
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 4,925.265 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1976 - Oct 2022
Trade Balance: sa (MYR mn) 11,586.796 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1990 - Oct 2022
Imports: Taiwan (MYR mn) 4,690.016 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 1986 - Mar 2019
Imports: Value: Optical and Scientific Equipment (MYR mn) 2,572.511 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1995 - Oct 2022
Imports: Value: Electrical & Electronic Products (MYR mn) 35,935.332 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1989 - Oct 2022
Imports: Value: Machinery, Appliances and Parts (MYR mn) 7,824.062 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1989 - Oct 2022
Exports: Value: Electrical & Electronic Products (MYR mn) 50,005.515 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1989 - Oct 2022
Exports: Value: Optical and Scientific Equipment (MYR mn) 4,866.457 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1995 - Oct 2022
Exports: Value: Machinery, Appliances and Parts (MYR mn) 4,873.012 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1989 - Oct 2022
Export Volume index; sa (2010=100) 153.400 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 2012 - Oct 2022
Import Volume Index; sa (2010=100) 189.700 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 2012 - Oct 2022
Import Volume Index (IVI): Total (2010=100) 193.900 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 2014 - Oct 2022
Export Volume Index (EVI): Total (2010=100) 165.300 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 2014 - Oct 2022
Terms of Trade: Total (2010=100) 112.400 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 2014 - Oct 2022
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 4,002.0 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2022
Current Account Balance (USD mn) 3,152.6 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2022
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) 1.0 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 4,445.3 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 4.4 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) -2,363.065 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) -0.5 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) 677.8 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2002 - Jun 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) -3,039.876 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2002 - Jun 2022
External Debt (USD mn) 252,255.9 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2022
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 70.0 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 104,661.4 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2022
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 26.3 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) 12.278 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) 20,335.369 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
BoP: Financial Acc (MYR mn) -14,855.506 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2022
BoP: Financial Acc: Portfolio Investment (MYR mn) 127.240 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2022
BoP: Financial Acc: Portfolio Investment: Asset (MYR mn) 2,597.130 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2022
BoP: Financial Acc: Direct Investment: Liabilities (MYR mn) 19,628.441 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2022
BoP: Capital Account (MYR mn) -216.489 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2006 - Sep 2022
Balance of Payment (BoP): Current Account (CA) (MYR mn) 4,418.341 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2022
BoP: Financial Acc: Direct Investment: Asset (MYR mn) 9,070.401 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: GS: Goods: Debit (MYR mn) 270,216.402 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2022
BoP: CA: Secondary Income: Net (MYR mn) -2,057.154 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2022
BoP: Financial Acc: Direct Investment (MYR mn) 1,987.845 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2022
BoP: Financial Acc: Financial Derivatives (MYR mn) -420.626 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2022
BoP: Reserves Assets (MYR mn) -13,204.334 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2022
BoP: CA: GS: Services: Debit (MYR mn) 43,788.036 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2022
BoP: CA: Primary Income (PI): Net (MYR mn) -17,170.506 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2022
BoP: CA: PI: Debit (MYR mn) 39,900.197 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2022
BoP: Financial Acc: Other Investment (MYR mn) -16,549.965 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2022
BoP: CA: Secondary Income: Debit (MYR mn) 8,316.400 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2022
BoP: CA: GS: Services: Net (MYR mn) -9,610.575 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2022
BoP: CA: Secondary Income: Credit (MYR mn) 5,719.140 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2022
BoP: CA: GS: Goods: Net (MYR mn) 42,973.738 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2022
BoP: CA: PI: Credit (MYR mn) 22,729.691 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2022
BoP: CA: GS: Goods: Credit (MYR mn) 295,776.955 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2022
BoP: CA: GS: Services: Credit (MYR mn) 39,218.481 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2022
BoP: Net Errors and Omissions (MYR mn) 14,140.826 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2022
BoP: Financial Acc: Portfolio Investment: Liabilities (MYR mn) -10,276.892 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2022
External Debt: Medium and Long Term (ML) (MYR mn) 684,200.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2022
External Debt: Serv: Repayment: ML Term: Total (MYR mn) 96,408.000 2021 yearly 2010 - 2021
External Debt: Serv: Interest: ML Term: Total (MYR mn) 16,578.000 2021 yearly 2010 - 2021
Funds Inflow: Direct Investment Assets (DIA) (MYR mn) 51,256.967 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2022
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 1.8 Sep 2022 monthly Dec 2005 - Sep 2022
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 89.1 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Non-Performing Loans (USD mn) 7,851.162 Sep 2022 monthly Dec 2005 - Sep 2022
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 134,651.007 Aug 2022 monthly Dec 1969 - Aug 2022
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 484,721.853 Sep 2022 monthly Dec 1969 - Sep 2022
M2 Growth (%) 5.6 Sep 2022 monthly Dec 1970 - Sep 2022
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 2.0 Oct 2022 monthly Jun 1959 - Oct 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 96,300.0 Oct 2022 monthly Apr 2000 - Oct 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 2.000 Oct 2022 monthly Jun 1959 - Oct 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 6.1 Oct 2022 monthly Dec 1990 - Oct 2022
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 2,064.750 Oct 2022 monthly Dec 1956 - Oct 2022
Total Deposits (USD mn) 503,306.400 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 2007 - Sep 2022
Total Deposits Growth (%) 8.3 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 2008 - Oct 2022
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 539,440.3 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1987 - Oct 2022
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 7.5 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1988 - Oct 2022
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector (%) 12.400 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
Credit to Households (USD bn) 271.851 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2006 - Mar 2022
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector (USD bn) 528.246 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 1964 - Mar 2022
Household Debt (USD mn) 329,628.7 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Total Loans (USD mn) 431,316.418 Sep 2022 monthly Dec 1996 - Sep 2022
Total Loans Growth (%) 6.40 Sep 2022 monthly Dec 1997 - Sep 2022
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 116.07 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2001 - Sep 2022
Money Supply M3 (MYR mn) 2,254,815.677 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 2013 - Sep 2022
Banking System: Demand Deposits (MYR mn) 329,103.228 Oct 2018 monthly Jan 2007 - Oct 2018
Banking System: Demand Deposits: Business Enterprises (MYR mn) 300,990.492 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 2007 - Sep 2022
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Global Competitiveness Index (Score) 74.602 2019 yearly 2017 - 2019
Business Confidence Growth (% Point) 2.8 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2004 - Sep 2022

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