Jordan External Debt: % of GDP

1970 - 2020 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about Jordan`s External Debt: % of GDP

  • Jordan External Debt accounted for 82.1 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2020, compared with the ratio of 72.1 % in the previous year.
  • Jordan External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated yearly, available from Dec 1970 to Dec 2020.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 223.3 % in Dec 1991 and a record low of 18.6 % in Dec 1970.

CEIC calculates External Debt as % of Nominal GDP from annual External Debt and annual Nominal GDP. The Central Bank of Jordan provides External Debt in local currency. The Department of Statistics provides Nominal GDP in local currency based on SNA 2008. Nominal GDP prior to 2008 is based on SNA 1993. External Debt prior to 2000 is sourced from the World Bank.


Related information about Jordan`s External Debt: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports of Jordan, Current Account recorded a deficit of 1.6 USD bn in Mar 2021.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 95.9 USD mn in Mar 2021.
  • Jordan Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 9.2 USD mn in Dec 2020.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment fell by 1.2 USD bn in Dec 2020.
  • The country's External Debt reached 35,466.1 in Mar 2021.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 11.6 USD bn in Dec 2020.

View Jordan's External Debt: % of GDP from 1970 to 2020 in the chart:

Jordan External Debt: % of GDP

What was Jordan's External Debt: % of GDP in 2020?

Jordan External Debt accounted for 82.1 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2020, compared with the ratio of 72.1 % in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
82.1 2020 72.1 2019 18.6 1970 223.3 1991 % yearly 1970 - 2020

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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Includes External Debt: % of GDP on 108 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 65.6 2020 yearly 1991 - 2020
Algeria (%) 2.2 2019 yearly 1970 - 2019
Argentina (%) 70.7 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Armenia (%) 102.3 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Australia (%) 129.1 2020 yearly 1988 - 2020
Austria (%) 164.9 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Azerbaijan (%) 20.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2020
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 70.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2020
Belgium (%) 264.3 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Bolivia (%) 33.0 2019 yearly 2006 - 2019
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 23.1 2019 yearly 1999 - 2019
Botswana (%) 8.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Brazil (%) 38.4 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
Bulgaria (%) 65.3 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Cambodia (%) 69.9 2020 yearly 2010 - 2020
Canada (%) 142.8 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Chile (%) 82.4 2020 yearly 1971 - 2020
China (%) 16.3 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Colombia (%) 56.7 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Croatia (%) 87.9 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Cyprus (%) 908.4 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Czech Republic (%) 75.5 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Denmark (%) 157.0 2020 yearly 2005 - 2020
Ecuador (%) 57.4 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Egypt (%) 33.9 Sep 2020 quarterly Jun 1999 - Sep 2020
Estonia (%) 91.1 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
European Union (%) 130.3 2020 yearly 2008 - 2020
Finland (%) 225.1 2020 yearly 1991 - 2020
France (%) 261.7 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Georgia (%) 129.8 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Germany (%) 163.7 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Ghana (%) 34.2 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Greece (%) 298.2 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 514.2 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Hungary (%) 155.9 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Iceland (%) 83.5 2020 yearly 1989 - 2020
India (%) 21.1 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Indonesia (%) 39.3 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Iran (%) 1.1 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (%) 701.2 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Israel (%) 32.9 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Italy (%) 140.7 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Ivory Coast (%) 24.0 2018 yearly 1994 - 2018
Japan (%) 92.8 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Jordan (%) 82.1 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Kazakhstan (%) 96.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2020
Kenya (%) 33.1 2019 yearly 2015 - 2019
South Korea (%) 33.3 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Kosovo (%) 37.2 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Kuwait (%) 50.5 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 112.9 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Laos (%) 52.6 2019 yearly 1996 - 2019
Latvia (%) 124.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
Lebanon (%) 62.8 2019 yearly 2007 - 2019
Lithuania (%) 75.7 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Luxembourg (%) 5,173.1 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
North Macedonia (%) 80.2 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Malawi (%) 39.4 2014 yearly 2006 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 67.6 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Malta (%) 678.6 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Mauritius (%) 2,062.5 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Mexico (%) 42.8 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Moldova (%) 70.1 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Mongolia (%) 243.1 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
Montenegro (%) 150.5 2019 yearly 2006 - 2019
Morocco (%) 53.6 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Mozambique (%) 71.8 2017 yearly 1985 - 2017
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 443.8 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
New Zealand (%) 90.3 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020
Nigeria (%) 7.8 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Norway (%) 180.1 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Pakistan (%) 41.0 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Palestinian Territory (%) 35.4 2018 yearly 2012 - 2018
Panama (%) 201.9 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Paraguay (%) 53.8 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Peru (%) 43.3 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Philippines (%) 27.2 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Poland (%) 60.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Portugal (%) 205.2 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 58.2 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Russia (%) 31.5 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020
Serbia (%) 61.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Singapore (%) 471.3 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Slovakia (%) 121.2 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Slovenia (%) 101.9 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
South Africa (%) 50.8 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Spain (%) 198.8 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Sri Lanka (%) 61.1 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Sudan (%) 120.5 2019 yearly 2001 - 2019
Sweden (%) 164.2 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Switzerland (%) 283.3 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Taiwan (%) 28.4 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Tajikistan (%) 37.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Thailand (%) 36.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2020
Tunisia (%) 100.9 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Turkey (%) 60.4 2020 yearly 1989 - 2020
Ukraine (%) 80.8 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020

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Jordan Key Series

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Includes 217 key indicators for Jordan, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) 1.0 2018 yearly 1999 - 2018
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) 418.759 2018 yearly 1999 - 2018
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 6,598.449 2018 yearly 1999 - 2018
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 15.3 2018 yearly 1999 - 2018
National Government Debt (USD mn) 38,355.4 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jul 2021
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 85.0 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2002 - Sep 2020
Forecast: Government Expenditure (JOD bn) 11.211 2026 yearly 1985 - 2026
Forecast: Government Net Debt (JOD bn) 31.910 2026 yearly 1988 - 2026
Forecast: Government Revenue (JOD bn) 10.722 2026 yearly 1985 - 2026
Central Govt: Budgetary: Revenue: Domestic: Tax: Income and Profit (IP) (JOD mn) 114.300 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Jun 2021
Central Govt: Budgetary: Revenue: Domestic: Tax (JOD mn) 489.600 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Jun 2021
Central Govt: Budgetary: Expenditure: Capital (JOD mn) 236.000 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Jun 2021
Central Govt: Budgetary: Revenue: Domestic: Tax: Goods and Services (GS) (JOD mn) 334.300 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2007 - Jun 2021
Central Govt: Budgetary: Expenditure: Current (JOD mn) 735.500 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Jun 2021
Central Govt: Budgetary: Revenue (JOD mn) 610.600 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Aug 2021
Central Govt: Budgetary: Expenditure (JOD mn) 70.200 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Jul 2021
Central Govt: Budgetary: Overall Deficit/Surplus: incl Grants (JOD mn) -227.700 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Aug 2021
Central Government Debt: Outstanding (JOD mn) 32,063.100 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 2006 - Jun 2020
Central Government Debt: Outstanding: External (JOD mn) 12,989.500 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 2006 - Jun 2020
Central Govt: Gross Domestic Debt (JOD mn) 13,173.800 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jun 2021
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 2.874 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Trade Balance (USD mn) -963.8 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1972 - Jul 2021
Total Exports (USD mn) 898.1 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1972 - Jun 2021
Total Exports Growth (%) -10.7 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1973 - Jul 2021
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 7,593.327 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 623,813.574 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 17,076.450 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Imports (USD mn) 1,740.1 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1972 - Jun 2021
Total Imports Growth (%) 2.1 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1973 - Jul 2021
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 427,360.732 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 162,750.635 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 107.081 Nov 2020 monthly Jun 1986 - Nov 2020
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 111.382 Jan 2021 monthly Apr 1964 - Jan 2021
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 8.921 Feb 2021 monthly Dec 1998 - Feb 2021
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 209.112 Feb 2021 monthly Apr 1964 - Feb 2021
Exports (JOD th) 636,721.000 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1972 - Jun 2021
Re-Exports (JOD th) 56,986.200 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1972 - Jun 2021
Exports: Domestic: SITC: Crude Materials, Inedible excl Fuels (JOD th) 84,252.000 May 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - May 2021
Exports: Domestic: SITC: Manufactured Goods (MG) (JOD th) 30,834.000 May 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - May 2021
Exports: Domestic: SITC: Food and Live Animals (JOD th) 71,284.000 May 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - May 2021
Exports: Domestic: SITC: Beverages and Tobacco (JOD th) 2,637.000 May 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - May 2021
Exports: Domestic: SITC: Chemicals (JOD th) 159,132.000 May 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - May 2021
Exports: Domestic: Bahrain (JOD th) 4,845.700 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Jun 2021
Exports: Domestic: Lebanon (JOD th) 1,353.300 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Jun 2021
Exports: Domestic: Syria (JOD th) 4,966.400 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Jun 2021
Exports: Domestic: Libya (JOD th) 4,337.500 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Jun 2021
Exports: Domestic: Palestine (JOD th) 11,040.000 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Jun 2021
Imports: SITC: Beverages and Tobacco (JOD th) 10,894.000 May 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - May 2021
Imports: SITC: Chemicals (JOD th) 137,998.000 May 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - May 2021
Imports: SITC: Food & Live Animals (JOD th) 280,323.000 May 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - May 2021
Imports: SITC: Crude Materials, Inedible excl Fuels (JOD th) 27,298.000 May 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - May 2021
Imports: SITC: Manufactured Goods (JOD th) 181,224.000 May 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - May 2021
Imports: United States of America (JOD th) 78,330.400 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Jun 2021
Imports (JOD th) 1,233,755.000 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1972 - Jun 2021
Imports: Germany (JOD th) 49,817.700 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Jun 2021
Imports: China (JOD th) 174,439.900 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Jun 2021
Imports: Egypt (JOD th) 33,334.800 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Jun 2021
Imports: Saudi Arabia (JOD th) 194,552.500 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Jun 2021
Imports Volume Index: Mineral Fuels and Lubricants (1994=100) 71.300 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Apr 2021
Exports Volume Index: Domestic: Chemicals (1994=100) 220.300 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Apr 2021
Imports Volume Index: Beverages and Tobacco (1994=100) 972.900 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Apr 2021
Exports Volume Index: Domestic: Beverages and Tobacco (1994=100) 830.700 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Apr 2021
Exports Volume Index: Domestic: Manufactured Goods (1994=100) 377.400 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Apr 2021
Imports Volume Index (1994=100) 158.700 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Apr 2021
Exports Volume Index: Domestic: Food and Live Animals (1994=100) 303.300 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Apr 2021
Exports Volume Index: Domestic: Machinery and Transport Equipment (1994=100) 148.000 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Apr 2021
Exports Volume Index: Domestic (1994=100) 231.700 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Apr 2021
Imports Volume Index: Machinery and Transport Equipment (1994=100) 179.300 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Apr 2021
Imports Volume Index: Manufactured Goods (1994=100) 202.200 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Apr 2021
Imports Volume Index: Food and Live Animals (1994=100) 283.200 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Apr 2021
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 10.3 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1977 - Jun 2021
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -1,583.4 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1977 - Mar 2021
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -15.5 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1992 - Jun 2021
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 132.9 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1977 - Jun 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.9 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1992 - Mar 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 8.886 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1977 - Jun 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) -10.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) -7.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) -1,234.274 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
External Debt (USD mn) 36,263.5 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2006 - Jun 2021
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 82.1 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 15,738.6 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2006 - Jun 2021
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 36.4 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -1.553 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) -47,886.106 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2020
International Investment Position (IIP) (JOD mn) -35,422.656 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2010 - Jun 2021
IIP: Assets (JOD mn) 19,564.132 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2010 - Jun 2021
IIP: Liabilities (JOD mn) 53,791.700 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2010 - Mar 2021
Gross External Debt Position (JOD mn) 25,710.840 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2006 - Jun 2021
Central Government: External Public Debt: Outstanding: Foreign Currency: US Doll... (USD mn) 14,510.200 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2004 - Jun 2021
Number of Registered Companies (Unit) 363.000 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2004 - Dec 2020
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 4.9 2018 yearly 2001 - 2018
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 82.3 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2020
Non-Performing Loans (USD mn) 1,743.300 2018 yearly 2001 - 2018
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 18,514.810 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1990 - Aug 2021
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 54,219.041 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1990 - Aug 2021
M2 Growth (%) 6.9 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Aug 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 12,321.2 Jan 2020 monthly Jan 1958 - Jan 2020
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 27.878 Dec 2019 quarterly Dec 1992 - Dec 2019
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 7.5 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1972 - Jun 2021
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 3,725.900 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1965 - Aug 2021
Total Deposits (USD mn) 53,795.487 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 2000 - Aug 2021
Total Deposits Growth (%) 4.6 Feb 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Feb 2021
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 59,357.5 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Aug 2021
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 6.4 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Aug 2021
Household Debt (USD mn) 37,406.9 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Aug 2021
Total Loans (USD mn) 41,125.247 Feb 2021 monthly Jan 2000 - Feb 2021
Total Loans Growth (%) 6.02 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Apr 2021
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 82.26 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2020
Money Supply: M2: M1 (JOD mn) 13,127.000 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 2000 - Aug 2021
Official Reserve Assets: USD (USD mn) 18,225.539 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1958 - Aug 2021
Deposits: Licensed Banks (JOD mn) 38,141.000 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 2000 - Aug 2021
JO: Bank Non-Performing Loans to Total Gross Loans (%) 5.385 2018 yearly 2015 - 2018

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