Jordan External Debt: % of GDP

1970 - 2023 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about Jordan External Debt: % of GDP

  • Jordan External Debt accounted for 80.9 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2023, compared with the ratio of 80.0 % in the previous year.
  • Jordan External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated yearly, available from Dec 1970 to Dec 2023.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 223.3 % in Dec 1991 and a record low of 18.6 % in Dec 1970.

CEIC calculates External Debt as % of Nominal GDP from annual External Debt and annual Nominal GDP. The Central Bank of Jordan provides External Debt in local currency. The Department of Statistics provides Nominal GDP in local currency based on SNA 2008. Nominal GDP prior to 2008 is based on SNA 1993. External Debt prior to 2000 is sourced from the World Bank.


Related information about Jordan External Debt: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports of Jordan, Current Account recorded a deficit of 1.0 USD bn in Mar 2023.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 154.3 USD mn in Dec 2023.
  • Jordan Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 16.1 USD mn in Dec 2023.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment increased by 37.5 USD mn in Dec 2023.
  • The country's External Debt reached 41,188.6 in Dec 2023.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 11.5 USD bn in Mar 2023.

View Jordan's External Debt: % of GDP from 1970 to 2023 in the chart:

Jordan External Debt: % of GDP

What was Jordan's External Debt: % of GDP in 2023?

Jordan External Debt accounted for 80.9 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2023, compared with the ratio of 80.0 % in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
80.9 2023 80.0 2022 18.6 1970 223.3 1991 % yearly 1970 - 2023

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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Includes External Debt: % of GDP on 109 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 54.1 2022 yearly 1991 - 2022
Algeria (%) 1.3 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Argentina (%) 45.4 2023 yearly 1994 - 2023
Armenia (%) 63.9 2023 yearly 2000 - 2023
Australia (%) 109.4 2023 yearly 1988 - 2023
Austria (%) 131.7 2022 yearly 1997 - 2022
Azerbaijan (%) 14.9 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2021
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 51.4 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2023
Belgium (%) 236.8 2023 yearly 2007 - 2023
Bolivia (%) 35.0 2023 yearly 2006 - 2023
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 18.2 2023 yearly 1999 - 2023
Botswana (%) 7.3 2023 yearly 1995 - 2023
Brazil (%) 27.9 2023 yearly 1992 - 2023
Bulgaria (%) 48.3 2023 yearly 1999 - 2023
Cambodia (%) 75.6 2022 yearly 2010 - 2022
Canada (%) 143.7 2023 yearly 1990 - 2023
Chile (%) 71.7 2023 yearly 1971 - 2023
China (%) 13.7 2023 yearly 1985 - 2023
Colombia (%) 53.7 2023 yearly 1970 - 2023
Croatia (%) 73.5 2022 yearly 1998 - 2022
Cyprus (%) 576.0 2023 yearly 2004 - 2023
Czech Republic (%) 62.9 2023 yearly 1995 - 2023
Denmark (%) 130.7 2023 yearly 2005 - 2023
Ecuador (%) 49.2 2023 yearly 1970 - 2023
Egypt (%) 42.4 Sep 2023 quarterly Jun 1999 - Sep 2023
Estonia (%) 90.2 2023 yearly 1996 - 2023
European Union (%) 109.6 2023 yearly 2008 - 2023
Finland (%) 215.1 2023 yearly 1991 - 2023
France (%) 245.8 2022 yearly 2004 - 2022
Georgia (%) 94.2 2022 yearly 1999 - 2022
Germany (%) 148.1 2023 yearly 1999 - 2023
Ghana (%) 39.0 2022 yearly 1999 - 2022
Greece (%) 250.9 2023 yearly 2003 - 2023
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 480.1 2023 yearly 2001 - 2023
Hungary (%) 129.3 2023 yearly 2006 - 2023
Iceland (%) 71.6 2023 yearly 1989 - 2023
India (%) 18.9 2023 yearly 1970 - 2023
Indonesia (%) 29.7 2023 yearly 2003 - 2023
Iran (%) 0.3 2023 yearly 1994 - 2023
Ireland (%) 563.9 2023 yearly 2002 - 2023
Israel (%) 30.5 2023 yearly 1998 - 2023
Italy (%) 129.0 2022 yearly 2002 - 2022
Ivory Coast (%) 31.4 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Japan (%) 106.9 2023 yearly 2003 - 2023
Jordan (%) 80.9 2023 yearly 1970 - 2023
Kazakhstan (%) 62.5 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2023
Kenya (%) 35.0 2022 yearly 2006 - 2022
South Korea (%) 38.8 2023 yearly 1994 - 2023
Kosovo (%) 38.4 2022 yearly 2007 - 2022
Kuwait (%) 35.3 2022 yearly 2014 - 2022
Kyrgyzstan (%) 72.3 2023 yearly 2003 - 2023
Laos (%) 68.0 2022 yearly 1996 - 2022
Latvia (%) 98.6 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2023
Lebanon (%) 53.0 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Lithuania (%) 68.4 2023 yearly 1996 - 2023
Luxembourg (%) 4,321.4 2023 yearly 2002 - 2023
North Macedonia (%) 83.7 2022 yearly 2004 - 2022
Malawi (%) 60.1 2021 yearly 2006 - 2021
Malaysia (%) 68.2 2023 yearly 2009 - 2023
Malta (%) 971.6 2022 yearly 2004 - 2022
Mauritius (%) 1,337.8 2023 yearly 2009 - 2023
Mexico (%) 33.3 2023 yearly 2002 - 2023
Moldova (%) 63.3 2023 yearly 2000 - 2023
Mongolia (%) 174.0 2023 yearly 1992 - 2023
Montenegro (%) 141.5 2022 yearly 2006 - 2022
Morocco (%) 50.9 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Mozambique (%) 71.7 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Myanmar (%) 16.7 2020 yearly 2018 - 2020
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 338.5 2023 yearly 2003 - 2023
New Zealand (%) 87.1 2023 yearly 1993 - 2023
Nigeria (%) 11.9 2023 yearly 1985 - 2023
Norway (%) 152.5 2023 yearly 2003 - 2023
Pakistan (%) 37.2 2023 yearly 2000 - 2023
Palestinian Territory (%) 11.4 2022 yearly 2012 - 2022
Panama (%) 167.4 2021 yearly 2014 - 2021
Paraguay (%) 55.7 2023 yearly 2000 - 2023
Peru (%) 41.8 2022 yearly 1980 - 2022
Philippines (%) 28.7 2023 yearly 1990 - 2023
Poland (%) 49.3 2023 yearly 1995 - 2023
Portugal (%) 150.4 2023 yearly 1996 - 2023
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 52.4 2023 yearly 1995 - 2023
Russia (%) 15.7 2023 yearly 1993 - 2023
Serbia (%) 65.3 2023 yearly 2000 - 2023
Singapore (%) 391.1 2023 yearly 2003 - 2023
Slovakia (%) 96.0 2023 yearly 1995 - 2023
Slovenia (%) 91.8 2023 yearly 2001 - 2023
South Africa (%) 41.8 2023 yearly 1985 - 2023
Spain (%) 165.5 2023 yearly 1995 - 2023
Sri Lanka (%) 75.0 2022 yearly 1998 - 2022
Sudan (%) 202.2 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
Sweden (%) 166.4 2023 yearly 1997 - 2023
Switzerland (%) 241.1 2023 yearly 1999 - 2023
Taiwan (%) 27.3 2023 yearly 1999 - 2023
Tajikistan (%) 37.7 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Thailand (%) 38.4 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2023
Tunisia (%) 85.7 2023 yearly 2002 - 2023
Turkey (%) 45.6 2023 yearly 1989 - 2023

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Jordan Key Series

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Includes 210 key indicators for Jordan, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) 1.0 2018 yearly 1999 - 2018
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) 418.759 2018 yearly 1999 - 2018
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 6,598.449 2018 yearly 1999 - 2018
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 15.2 2018 yearly 1999 - 2018
National Government Debt (USD mn) 45,542.0 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2023
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 89.5 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2023
Forecast: Government Expenditure (JOD bn) 14.366 2029 yearly 1985 - 2029
Forecast: Government Net Debt (JOD bn) 37.453 2028 yearly 1988 - 2028
Forecast: Government Revenue (JOD bn) 13.722 2029 yearly 1985 - 2029
Central Govt: Budgetary: Expenditure: Current (JOD mn) 937.600 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Dec 2023
Central Govt: Budgetary: Expenditure (JOD mn) 1,257.200 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Dec 2023
Central Govt: Budgetary: Expenditure: Capital (JOD mn) 319.600 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Dec 2023
Central Govt: Budgetary: Revenue: Domestic: Tax: Income and Profit (IP) (JOD mn) 85.200 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2001 - Dec 2023
Central Govt: Budgetary: Revenue: Domestic: Tax (JOD mn) 415.000 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Dec 2023
Central Govt: Budgetary: Overall Deficit/Surplus: incl Grants (JOD mn) -22.000 Mar 2024 monthly Jan 1999 - Mar 2024
Central Govt: Budgetary: Revenue (JOD mn) 681.800 Mar 2024 monthly Jan 1999 - Mar 2024
Central Govt: Budgetary: Revenue: Domestic: Tax: Goods and Services (GS) (JOD mn) 304.700 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2001 - Dec 2023
Central Government Debt: Outstanding (JOD mn) 32,063.100 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 2006 - Jun 2020
Central Government Debt: Outstanding: External (JOD mn) 18,691.700 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2006 - Dec 2023
Central Govt: Gross Domestic Debt (JOD mn) 14,081.400 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2023
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 3.575 2028 yearly 1980 - 2028
Trade Balance (USD mn) -1,337.6 Feb 2024 monthly Jan 1972 - Feb 2024
Total Exports (USD mn) 809.4 Feb 2024 monthly Jan 1972 - Feb 2024
Total Exports Growth (%) -35.6 Feb 2024 monthly Jan 1973 - Feb 2024
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 72,804.171 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 445,255.053 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 11,467.580 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Total Imports (USD mn) 2,147.0 Feb 2024 monthly Jan 1972 - Feb 2024
Total Imports Growth (%) 11.2 Feb 2024 monthly Jan 1973 - Feb 2024
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 416,712.758 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 130,327.174 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 188.230 Feb 2024 monthly Jun 1986 - Feb 2024
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 122.250 Feb 2024 monthly Apr 1964 - Feb 2024
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 14.271 Feb 2024 monthly Dec 1998 - Feb 2024
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 378.649 Feb 2024 monthly Apr 1964 - Feb 2024
Exports (JOD th) 573,900.000 Feb 2024 monthly Jan 1972 - Feb 2024
Re-Exports (JOD th) 60,500.000 Feb 2024 monthly Jan 1972 - Feb 2024
Exports: Domestic: SITC: Chemicals (JOD th) 108,290.876 Feb 2024 monthly Jan 1998 - Feb 2024
Exports: Domestic: SITC: Beverages and Tobacco (JOD th) 5,141.030 Feb 2024 monthly Jan 1998 - Feb 2024
Exports: Domestic: SITC: Crude Materials, Inedible excl Fuels (JOD th) 93,750.588 Feb 2024 monthly Jan 1998 - Feb 2024
Exports: Domestic: SITC: Manufactured Goods (MG) (JOD th) 45,419.994 Feb 2024 monthly Jan 1998 - Feb 2024
Exports: Domestic: SITC: Food and Live Animals (JOD th) 74,577.447 Feb 2024 monthly Jan 1998 - Feb 2024
Exports: Domestic: Libya (JOD th) 3,605.900 Feb 2024 monthly Jan 2003 - Feb 2024
Exports: Domestic: Bahrain (JOD th) 2,861.500 Feb 2024 monthly Jan 2003 - Feb 2024
Exports: Domestic: Palestine (JOD th) 17,255.700 Feb 2024 monthly Jan 2003 - Feb 2024
Exports: Domestic: Lebanon (JOD th) 5,311.900 Feb 2024 monthly Jan 2003 - Feb 2024
Exports: Domestic: Syria (JOD th) 2,953.300 Feb 2024 monthly Jan 2003 - Feb 2024
Imports: SITC: Beverages and Tobacco (JOD th) 14,219.436 Feb 2024 monthly Jan 1998 - Feb 2024
Imports: SITC: Food & Live Animals (JOD th) 268,610.124 Feb 2024 monthly Jan 1998 - Feb 2024
Imports: SITC: Chemicals (JOD th) 173,642.909 Feb 2024 monthly Jan 1998 - Feb 2024
Imports: SITC: Crude Materials, Inedible excl Fuels (JOD th) 32,567.539 Feb 2024 monthly Jan 1998 - Feb 2024
Imports: SITC: Manufactured Goods (JOD th) 190,432.316 Feb 2024 monthly Jan 1998 - Feb 2024
Imports (JOD th) 1,522,250.500 Feb 2024 monthly Jan 1972 - Feb 2024
Imports: Egypt (JOD th) 61,294.100 Feb 2024 monthly Jan 2003 - Feb 2024
Imports: Saudi Arabia (JOD th) 235,365.100 Feb 2024 monthly Jan 2003 - Feb 2024
Imports: China (JOD th) 268,461.800 Feb 2024 monthly Jan 2003 - Feb 2024
Imports: United States of America (JOD th) 86,675.200 Feb 2024 monthly Jan 2003 - Feb 2024
Imports: Germany (JOD th) 48,119.200 Feb 2024 monthly Jan 2003 - Feb 2024
Exports Volume Index: Domestic: Manufactured Goods (1994=100) 405.300 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Sep 2023
Exports Volume Index: Domestic: Food and Live Animals (1994=100) 419.300 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Sep 2023
Imports Volume Index: Mineral Fuels and Lubricants (1994=100) 195.300 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Sep 2023
Exports Volume Index: Domestic: Machinery and Transport Equipment (1994=100) 357.200 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Sep 2023
Exports Volume Index: Domestic: Chemicals (1994=100) 435.600 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Sep 2023
Exports Volume Index: Domestic (1994=100) 426.100 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1997 - Sep 2023
Imports Volume Index (1994=100) 235.000 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1997 - Sep 2023
Imports Volume Index: Machinery and Transport Equipment (1994=100) 335.500 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Sep 2023
Imports Volume Index: Manufactured Goods (1994=100) 296.200 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Sep 2023
Imports Volume Index: Beverages and Tobacco (1994=100) 687.600 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Sep 2023
Imports Volume Index: Food and Live Animals (1994=100) 281.000 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Sep 2023
Exports Volume Index: Domestic: Beverages and Tobacco (1994=100) 1,484.400 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Sep 2023
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 16.1 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 1977 - Dec 2023
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -1,007.6 Mar 2023 quarterly Mar 1977 - Mar 2023
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) 3.0 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 1992 - Dec 2023
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 154.3 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 1977 - Dec 2023
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 1.1 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 1992 - Dec 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 37.518 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 1977 - Dec 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.3 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) 24.8 Dec 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) -79.549 Mar 2023 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2023
External Debt (USD mn) 41,188.6 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 2006 - Dec 2023
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 80.9 2023 yearly 1970 - 2023
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 17,059.0 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 2006 - Dec 2023
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 33.5 2023 yearly 2000 - 2023
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -3.004 2029 yearly 1980 - 2029
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) -53,713.258 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2023
IIP: Assets (JOD mn) 21,806.732 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2023
IIP: Liabilities (JOD mn) 59,889.432 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2023
International Investment Position (IIP) (JOD mn) -38,266.668 Sep 2023 quarterly Dec 2010 - Sep 2023
Central Government: External Public Debt: Outstanding: Foreign Currency: US Doll... (USD mn) 18,559.100 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2004 - Dec 2023
Number of Registered Companies (Unit) 363.000 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2004 - Dec 2020
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 4.5 2022 yearly 2001 - 2022
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 81.3 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2023
Non-Performing Loans (USD mn) 2,005.642 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 17,650.282 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 1990 - Nov 2023
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 60,938.035 Mar 2024 monthly Jan 1990 - Mar 2024
M2 Growth (%) 3.6 Mar 2024 monthly Jan 1991 - Mar 2024
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 13,954.9 Mar 2024 monthly Jan 1958 - Mar 2024
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 26.596 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 1992 - Dec 2023
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 6.7 Feb 2024 monthly Jan 1972 - Feb 2024
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 4,758.403 Mar 2024 monthly Jan 1965 - Mar 2024
Total Deposits (USD mn) 62,537.986 Mar 2024 monthly Jan 2000 - Mar 2024
Total Deposits Growth (%) 4.4 Mar 2024 monthly Jan 2001 - Mar 2024
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 68,198.4 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 4.8 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2003 - Nov 2023
Household Debt (USD mn) 41,526.8 Jan 2024 monthly Jan 2002 - Jan 2024
Total Loans (USD mn) 47,241.766 Jan 2024 monthly Jan 2000 - Jan 2024
Total Loans Growth (%) 1.81 Jan 2024 monthly Jan 2001 - Jan 2024
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 81.28 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2023
Money Supply: M2: M1 (JOD mn) 12,514.050 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2000 - Nov 2023
Official Reserve Assets: USD (USD mn) 19,510.191 Mar 2024 monthly Jan 1958 - Mar 2024
Deposits: Licensed Banks (JOD mn) 44,339.432 Mar 2024 monthly Jan 2000 - Mar 2024

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