Denmark External Debt: % of GDP

2005 - 2022 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about Denmark External Debt: % of GDP

  • Denmark External Debt accounted for 122.9 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2022, compared with the ratio of 148.3 % in the previous year.
  • Denmark External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated yearly, available from Dec 2005 to Dec 2022.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 185.4 % in Dec 2010 and a record low of 122.9 % in Dec 2022.

CEIC calculates External Debt as % of Nominal GDP from quarterly External Debt and annual Nominal GDP. Denmark National Bank provides External Debt in local currency. Statistics Denmark provides Nominal GDP in local currency.


Related information about Denmark External Debt: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports of Denmark, Current Account recorded a surplus of 5.3 USD bn in Apr 2023.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 2.8 USD bn in Aug 2023.
  • Denmark Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 3.2 USD bn in Aug 2023.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment fell by 4.3 USD bn in Jun 2023.
  • The country's External Debt reached 523,344.5 in Jun 2023.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 102.0 USD bn in Mar 2023.

View Denmark's External Debt: % of GDP from 2005 to 2022 in the chart:

Denmark External Debt: % of GDP

What was Denmark's External Debt: % of GDP in 2022?

Denmark External Debt accounted for 122.9 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2022, compared with the ratio of 148.3 % in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
122.9 2022 148.3 2021 122.9 2022 185.4 2010 % yearly 2005 - 2022

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

Buy Selected Data

Includes External Debt: % of GDP on 109 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 54.3 2022 yearly 1991 - 2022
Algeria (%) 1.9 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Argentina (%) 44.9 2022 yearly 1994 - 2022
Armenia (%) 78.2 2022 yearly 2000 - 2022
Australia (%) 117.2 2022 yearly 1988 - 2022
Austria (%) 149.2 2022 yearly 1997 - 2022
Azerbaijan (%) 14.9 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2021
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 48.9 Jun 2023 quarterly Dec 2000 - Jun 2023
Belgium (%) 237.9 2022 yearly 2007 - 2022
Bolivia (%) 35.2 2022 yearly 2006 - 2022
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 20.8 2022 yearly 1999 - 2022
Botswana (%) 7.3 2023 yearly 1995 - 2023
Brazil (%) 30.0 2022 yearly 1992 - 2022
Bulgaria (%) 51.6 2022 yearly 1999 - 2022
Cambodia (%) 75.6 2022 yearly 2010 - 2022
Canada (%) 128.8 2022 yearly 1990 - 2022
Chile (%) 77.4 2022 yearly 1971 - 2022
China (%) 13.6 2022 yearly 1985 - 2022
Colombia (%) 53.4 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Croatia (%) 75.0 2022 yearly 1998 - 2022
Cyprus (%) 609.6 2022 yearly 2004 - 2022
Czech Republic (%) 65.6 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Denmark (%) 122.9 2022 yearly 2005 - 2022
Ecuador (%) 52.2 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Egypt (%) 40.3 Jun 2023 quarterly Jun 1999 - Jun 2023
Estonia (%) 84.7 2022 yearly 1996 - 2022
European Union (%) 116.8 2022 yearly 2008 - 2022
Finland (%) 214.7 2022 yearly 1991 - 2022
France (%) 245.8 2022 yearly 2004 - 2022
Georgia (%) 94.6 2022 yearly 1999 - 2022
Germany (%) 155.8 2022 yearly 1999 - 2022
Ghana (%) 35.7 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Greece (%) 263.2 2022 yearly 2003 - 2022
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 503.8 2022 yearly 2001 - 2022
Hungary (%) 152.6 2022 yearly 2006 - 2022
Iceland (%) 78.9 2022 yearly 1989 - 2022
India (%) 18.9 2023 yearly 1970 - 2023
Indonesia (%) 30.1 2022 yearly 2003 - 2022
Iran (%) 0.5 2022 yearly 1994 - 2022
Ireland (%) 577.2 2022 yearly 2002 - 2022
Israel (%) 29.1 2022 yearly 1998 - 2022
Italy (%) 129.0 2022 yearly 2002 - 2022
Ivory Coast (%) 31.4 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Japan (%) 104.6 2022 yearly 2003 - 2022
Jordan (%) 80.1 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Kazakhstan (%) 67.1 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 2002 - Jun 2023
Kenya (%) 35.0 2022 yearly 2006 - 2022
South Korea (%) 39.8 2022 yearly 1994 - 2022
Kosovo (%) 38.4 2022 yearly 2007 - 2022
Kuwait (%) 58.5 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 84.4 2022 yearly 2003 - 2022
Laos (%) 68.0 2022 yearly 1996 - 2022
Latvia (%) 98.8 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2023
Lebanon (%) 53.0 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Lithuania (%) 67.6 2022 yearly 1996 - 2022
Luxembourg (%) 4,521.9 2022 yearly 2002 - 2022
North Macedonia (%) 83.7 2022 yearly 2004 - 2022
Malawi (%) 60.1 2021 yearly 2006 - 2021
Malaysia (%) 63.9 2022 yearly 2009 - 2022
Malta (%) 984.0 2022 yearly 2004 - 2022
Mauritius (%) 1,436.0 2022 yearly 2009 - 2022
Mexico (%) 39.7 2022 yearly 2002 - 2022
Moldova (%) 65.6 2022 yearly 2000 - 2022
Mongolia (%) 194.5 2022 yearly 1992 - 2022
Montenegro (%) 180.1 2021 yearly 2006 - 2021
Morocco (%) 50.9 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Mozambique (%) 71.7 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Myanmar (%) 16.7 2020 yearly 2018 - 2020
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 374.5 2022 yearly 2003 - 2022
New Zealand (%) 85.1 2022 yearly 1993 - 2022
Nigeria (%) 8.9 2022 yearly 1985 - 2022
Norway (%) 135.8 2022 yearly 2003 - 2022
Pakistan (%) 36.5 2023 yearly 2000 - 2023
Palestinian Territory (%) 11.5 2022 yearly 2012 - 2022
Panama (%) 167.4 2021 yearly 2014 - 2021
Paraguay (%) 53.7 2022 yearly 2000 - 2022
Peru (%) 41.8 2022 yearly 1980 - 2022
Philippines (%) 27.5 2022 yearly 1990 - 2022
Poland (%) 53.0 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Portugal (%) 166.0 2022 yearly 1996 - 2022
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 50.3 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Russia (%) 17.1 2022 yearly 1993 - 2022
Serbia (%) 69.4 2022 yearly 2000 - 2022
Singapore (%) 385.6 2022 yearly 2003 - 2022
Slovakia (%) 103.1 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Slovenia (%) 87.9 2022 yearly 2001 - 2022
South Africa (%) 40.5 2022 yearly 1985 - 2022
Spain (%) 193.4 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Sri Lanka (%) 74.7 2022 yearly 1998 - 2022
Sudan (%) 202.2 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
Sweden (%) 170.5 2022 yearly 1997 - 2022
Switzerland (%) 272.8 2022 yearly 1999 - 2022
Taiwan (%) 26.5 2022 yearly 1999 - 2022
Tajikistan (%) 37.7 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Thailand (%) 38.1 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2023
Tunisia (%) 92.1 2022 yearly 2002 - 2022
Turkey (%) 51.3 2022 yearly 1989 - 2022

Accurate Macro & Micro Economic Data You Can Trust

Explore the most complete set of 6.6 million time series covering more than 200 economies, 20 industries and 18 macroeconomic sectors.

Learn more about what we do

Denmark Key Series

Buy Selected Data

Includes 229 key indicators for Denmark, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) 3.2 Jun 2023 quarterly Dec 1999 - Jun 2023
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) 3,401.009 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2023
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 44,438.793 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2023
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 43.5 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2023
National Government Debt (USD mn) 125,784.5 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2023
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 30.2 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2023
Forecast: Government Expenditure (DKK bn) 1,679.327 2028 yearly 1980 - 2028
Forecast: Government Net Debt (DKK bn) 974.946 2028 yearly 1992 - 2028
Forecast: Government Revenue (DKK bn) 1,679.112 2028 yearly 1980 - 2028
General Government Revenue (DKK mn) 345,269.000 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2023
General Government: Overall Surplus (DKK mn) 23,268.000 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2023
General Government Expenditure (DKK mn) 322,001.000 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2023
General Government Expenditure: Capital (DKK mn) 25,251.000 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2023
General Government Expenditure: Current (DKK mn) 268,269.000 Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2018
General Government Revenue: Current: Taxes on Production and Imports: ow Value A... (DKK mn) 57,510.000 Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2018
General Government Revenue: Current (DKK mn) 290,258.000 Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2018
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 2.200 2028 yearly 1980 - 2028
Trade Balance (USD mn) -57.3 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1997 - Sep 2023
Total Exports (USD mn) 10,928.9 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1997 - Sep 2023
Total Exports Growth (%) -5.3 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1998 - Sep 2023
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 713,881.806 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 10,417,439.796 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 2,944,357.814 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Total Imports (USD mn) 10,986.3 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1997 - Sep 2023
Total Imports Growth (%) 0.1 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1998 - Sep 2023
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 4,162,313.133 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 1,863,470.806 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 682.156 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1997 - Sep 2023
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 229.632 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1997 - Sep 2023
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 384.046 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1997 - Sep 2023
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 561.930 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1997 - Sep 2023
Exports: sa (DKK mn) 76,368.200 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1997 - Sep 2023
Exports: sa: Machinery excl Transport Equipment (DKK mn) 14,331.000 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1997 - Sep 2023
Exports: sa: Chemicals and Related Products (DKK mn) 17,257.000 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1997 - Sep 2023
Exports: sa: Live Animals, Food, Beverages and Tobacco (DKK mn) 12,871.200 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1997 - Sep 2023
Exports: sa: Transport Equipment (DKK mn) 2,568.800 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1997 - Sep 2023
Exports: sa: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants and Related Materials (DKK mn) 8,379.500 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1997 - Sep 2023
Natural Gas Exports: Sweden (TJ) 1,107.610 Aug 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Aug 2023
Natural Gas Exports: Germany (TJ) 56.977 Aug 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Aug 2023
Natural Gas Exports: Netherlands (TJ) 2,889.487 Aug 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Aug 2023
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 3,162.9 Aug 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Aug 2023
Current Account Balance (USD mn) 5,296.0 Apr 2023 monthly Jan 2005 - Apr 2023
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) 12.4 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1990 - Jun 2023
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 6,695.9 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Sep 2023
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) -4.1 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) -4,276.115 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) -4.2 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) -1,509.7 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1975 - Jun 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) -2,848.894 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1975 - Jun 2023
External Debt (USD mn) 523,344.5 Jun 2023 quarterly Dec 2005 - Jun 2023
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 122.9 2022 yearly 2005 - 2022
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 236,377.5 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2023
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 56.9 2022 yearly 2005 - 2022
Total Debt: % of GDP (%) 783.5 2022 yearly 1994 - 2022
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) 45.017 2028 yearly 1980 - 2028
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) 257,419.937 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2023
Balance of Payments (BoP): Current Account (DKK mn) 17,575.800 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2023
BoP: Current Account: Secondary Income (DKK mn) -3,215.200 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2023
BoP: Current Account: Goods and Services: Services (DKK mn) -3,180.500 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2023
BoP: Net Errors and Omissions (DKK mn) -22,484.500 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2023
BoP: Current Account: Primary Income (DKK mn) 11,208.000 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2023
BoP: Current Account: Goods and Services (DKK mn) 9,583.100 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2023
BoP: Current Account: Goods and Services: Goods f.o.b (DKK mn) 14,777.200 Aug 2023 monthly Jan 2005 - Aug 2023
BoP: FA: Assets: Direct Investments (DKK mn) 15,946.000 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2023
Balance of Payment (BoP): Financial Account (FA): Net Assets (DKK mn) -4,898.000 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2023
BoP: FA: Assets: Portfolio Investments (DKK mn) -25,613.000 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2023
BoP: FA: Net Assets: Financial Derivatives (DKK mn) -1,561.000 Aug 2023 monthly Jan 2005 - Aug 2023
BoP: FA: Liabilities: Other Investments (DKK mn) -15,221.000 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2023
BoP: FA: Net Assets: Other Investments (DKK mn) 27,953.000 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2023
BoP: FA: Liabilities: Portfolio Investments (DKK mn) -23,092.000 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2023
BoP: FA: Assets: Reserve Assets (DKK mn) 1,011.000 Aug 2023 monthly Jan 2005 - Aug 2023
BoP: FA: Net Assets: Reserve Assets (DKK mn) 1,011.000 Aug 2023 monthly Jan 2005 - Aug 2023
BoP: FA: Net Assets: Direct Investments (DKK mn) -30,844.000 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2023
BoP: FA: Assets (DKK mn) 3,578.000 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2023
BoP: FA: Liabilities (DKK mn) 8,476.000 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2023
BoP: FA: Net Assets: Portfolio Investments (DKK mn) -2,520.000 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2023
BoP: FA: Assets: Financial Derivatives (DKK mn) -1,561.000 Aug 2023 monthly Jan 2005 - Aug 2023
BoP: FA: Liabilities: Direct Investments (DKK mn) 46,789.000 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2023
International Investment Position (IIP): Assets (DKK mn) 9,075,258.000 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2023
International Investment Position (IIP): Liabilities (DKK mn) 7,319,757.000 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2023
International Investment Position (IIP): Net (DKK mn) 1,755,501.000 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2023
Danish Direct Investment (DKK bn) 8.900 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2023
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 1.0 Jun 2023 quarterly Dec 2010 - Jun 2023
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 86.8 2022 yearly 1994 - 2022
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 186,387.350 Aug 2017 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2017
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 203,577.099 Aug 2017 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2017
M2 Growth (%) 3.4 Aug 2017 monthly Jan 1996 - Aug 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 76,268.1 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2023
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 18.831 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 2002 - Jun 2023
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 6.9 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2023
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 4,002.157 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1962 - Sep 2023
Total Deposits (USD mn) 276,170.482 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2003 - Sep 2023
Total Deposits Growth (%) 1.8 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2004 - Sep 2023
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 841,445.8 Aug 2023 monthly Dec 2001 - Aug 2023
Domestic Credit Growth (%) -4.0 Aug 2023 monthly Dec 2002 - Aug 2023
Debt Service Ratio: Households (%) 11.600 Mar 2023 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2023
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector (%) 21.900 Mar 2023 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2023
Credit to Households (USD bn) 352.517 Mar 2023 quarterly Dec 1994 - Mar 2023
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector (USD bn) 884.592 Mar 2023 quarterly Sep 1953 - Mar 2023
Household Debt (USD mn) 353,730.6 2022 yearly 1994 - 2022
Total Loans (USD mn) 110,735.687 Sep 2023 monthly Oct 2013 - Sep 2023
Total Loans Growth (%) 1.02 Sep 2023 monthly Oct 2014 - Sep 2023
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 27.84 Jun 2023 quarterly Dec 2013 - Jun 2023
Money Supply: M3: M2 (DKK bn) 1,725.269 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1991 - Sep 2023
Money Supply: M3: M2: M1 (DKK bn) 1,520.074 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1991 - Sep 2023
Money Supply: M2: M1: sa (DKK bn) 1,165.480 Aug 2017 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2017
Money Supply: M3 (DKK bn) 1,907.402 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1991 - Sep 2023
Money Supply: M2: sa (DKK bn) 1,272.968 Aug 2017 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2017
Official Reserve Assets: Foreign Currency Reserves (FC) (DKK bn) 418.700 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2023
Official Reserve Assets (DKK bn) 620.100 Sep 2023 monthly Dec 1999 - Sep 2023
Official Reserve Assets: Gold (DKK bn) 17.800 Dec 2018 monthly Dec 1999 - Dec 2018
Payment Cards: Transactions: Value: Issued in Denmark (DKK mn) 201,481.000 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2016 - Sep 2023
Payment Cards: Transactions: Value: Issued Abroad (DKK mn) 14,742.000 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2016 - Sep 2023
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Business Confidence Growth (% Point) 10.0 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Oct 2023
Business Sentiment Indicator (1990-2018=100) 97.300 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 1990 - Oct 2023
Economic Sentiment Indicator (1990-2018=100) 91.500 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 1990 - Oct 2023
Tendency Survey: Confidence Indicator: Coming 3 Months: Manufacturing (Mfg) (%) -8.000 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 1998 - Oct 2023

More Indicators for Denmark

Request a demo of CEIC

CEIC’s economic databases cover over 200 global markets. Our Platform offers the most reliable macroeconomic data and advanced analytical tools.

Request a demo
Please note, product demos are not available for students. Please click here to find out more about the version of CEIC available for student users.
Unlimited access tailored to your data needs
Flexible monthly access to CEIC data