Hong Kong SAR, China External Debt: % of GDP

2001 - 2020 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Hong Kong SAR (China) External Debt accounted for 514.2 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2020, compared with the ratio of 458.6 % in the previous year. Hong Kong SAR (China) External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated yearly, available from Dec 2001 to Dec 2020. The data reached an all-time high of 514.2 % in Dec 2020 and a record low of 218.2 % in Dec 2002. CEIC calculates External Debt as % of Nominal GDP from quarterly External Debt and annual Nominal GDP. Census and Statistics Department provides External Debt in local currency based on BPM6 and Nominal GDP in local currency. External Debt prior to 2002 is based on BPM5.

In the latest reports of Hong Kong SAR (China), Current Account recorded a surplus of 4.0 USD bn in Dec 2020. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 30.1 USD bn in Dec 2020. Hong Kong SAR (China) Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 10.3 USD bn in Dec 2020. Its Foreign Portfolio Investment fell by 2.7 USD bn in Dec 2020. The country's External Debt reached 1,783,007.2 in Dec 2020. The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 92.1 USD bn in Dec 2020.

View Hong Kong SAR, China's External Debt: % of GDP from 2001 to 2020 in the chart:

Hong Kong SAR, China External Debt: % of GDP

What was Hong Kong SAR, China's External Debt: % of GDP in 2020?

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
514.2 2020 458.6 2019 218.2 2002 514.2 2020 % yearly 2001 - 2020

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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Includes External Debt: % of GDP on 108 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 65.6 2020 yearly 1991 - 2020
Algeria (%) 2.2 2019 yearly 1970 - 2019
Argentina (%) 70.7 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Armenia (%) 102.3 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Australia (%) 129.1 2020 yearly 1988 - 2020
Austria (%) 163.3 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Azerbaijan (%) 20.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2020
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 70.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2020
Belgium (%) 268.6 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Bolivia (%) 33.0 2019 yearly 2006 - 2019
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 23.1 2019 yearly 1999 - 2019
Botswana (%) 8.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Brazil (%) 38.4 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
Bulgaria (%) 66.1 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Cambodia (%) 69.9 2020 yearly 2010 - 2020
Canada (%) 142.8 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Chile (%) 82.4 2020 yearly 1971 - 2020
China (%) 16.3 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Colombia (%) 56.7 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Croatia (%) 87.9 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Cyprus (%) 908.4 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Czech Republic (%) 75.5 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Denmark (%) 157.0 2020 yearly 2005 - 2020
Ecuador (%) 57.4 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Egypt (%) 33.9 Sep 2020 quarterly Jun 1999 - Sep 2020
Estonia (%) 91.1 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
European Union (%) 130.0 2020 yearly 2008 - 2020
Finland (%) 225.2 2020 yearly 1991 - 2020
France (%) 261.7 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Georgia (%) 129.6 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Germany (%) 163.7 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Ghana (%) 34.2 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Greece (%) 299.2 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 514.2 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Hungary (%) 160.2 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Iceland (%) 83.5 2020 yearly 1989 - 2020
India (%) 21.1 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Indonesia (%) 39.3 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Iran (%) 1.1 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (%) 701.2 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Israel (%) 32.9 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Italy (%) 140.7 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Ivory Coast (%) 24.0 2018 yearly 1994 - 2018
Japan (%) 92.8 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Jordan (%) 82.1 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Kazakhstan (%) 96.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2020
Kenya (%) 33.1 2019 yearly 2015 - 2019
South Korea (%) 33.3 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Kosovo (%) 37.0 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Kuwait (%) 50.2 2019 yearly 2014 - 2019
Kyrgyzstan (%) 112.9 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Laos (%) 52.6 2019 yearly 1996 - 2019
Latvia (%) 124.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
Lebanon (%) 62.8 2019 yearly 2007 - 2019
Lithuania (%) 74.2 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Luxembourg (%) 5,104.4 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
North Macedonia (%) 80.2 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Malawi (%) 39.4 2014 yearly 2006 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 67.6 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Malta (%) 678.4 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Mauritius (%) 2,062.5 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Mexico (%) 42.8 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Moldova (%) 70.1 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Mongolia (%) 243.1 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
Montenegro (%) 150.5 2019 yearly 2006 - 2019
Morocco (%) 53.6 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Mozambique (%) 71.8 2017 yearly 1985 - 2017
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 443.8 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
New Zealand (%) 90.3 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020
Nigeria (%) 7.8 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Norway (%) 180.1 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Pakistan (%) 41.0 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Palestinian Territory (%) 35.4 2018 yearly 2012 - 2018
Panama (%) 201.9 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Paraguay (%) 53.7 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Peru (%) 43.3 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Philippines (%) 27.2 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Poland (%) 60.3 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Portugal (%) 202.8 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 57.8 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Russia (%) 31.5 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020
Serbia (%) 61.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Singapore (%) 471.3 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Slovakia (%) 121.2 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Slovenia (%) 101.9 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
South Africa (%) 50.8 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Spain (%) 199.4 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Sri Lanka (%) 61.1 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Sudan (%) 120.5 2019 yearly 2001 - 2019
Sweden (%) 164.2 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Switzerland (%) 283.3 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Taiwan (%) 28.4 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Tajikistan (%) 37.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Thailand (%) 36.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2020
Tunisia (%) 100.9 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Turkey (%) 62.8 2020 yearly 1989 - 2020
Ukraine (%) 80.8 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020

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Hong Kong SAR, China Key Series

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Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -8.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Sep 1999 - Dec 2020
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -5,010.418 Mar 2021 monthly Oct 1998 - Mar 2021
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 17,294.350 Mar 2021 quarterly Sep 1979 - Mar 2021
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 19.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Sep 1979 - Dec 2020
National Government Debt (USD mn) 152,334.7 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 42.2 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Forecast: Government Expenditure (HKD bn) 832.750 2026 yearly 1981 - 2026
Forecast: Government Net Debt (HKD bn) 11.700 2026 yearly 2001 - 2026
Forecast: Government Revenue (HKD bn) 829.197 2026 yearly 1981 - 2026
Debts: Outstanding: Government (HKD mn) 27,199.000 Jul 2021 monthly May 2004 - Jul 2021
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 3.552 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Trade Balance (USD mn) -4,501.8 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1957 - Jul 2021
Total Exports (USD mn) 53,658.5 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1957 - Jul 2021
Total Exports Growth (%) 26.9 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1953 - Jul 2021
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 243,093.454 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 1,025,551.196 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 412,459.730 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Imports (USD mn) 58,160.3 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1957 - Jul 2021
Total Imports Growth (%) 26.1 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1953 - Jul 2021
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 2,371,660.149 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 550,387.359 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 3,024.122 Dec 2020 monthly Apr 1964 - Dec 2020
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 2,327.831 Mar 2021 monthly Apr 1964 - Mar 2021
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 30,030.669 Apr 2021 monthly Apr 1964 - Apr 2021
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 23,442.622 Apr 2021 monthly Apr 1964 - Apr 2021
HK: Imports: cif: Advanced Economies: South Korea (USD mn) 3,427.765 May 2021 monthly Feb 1960 - May 2021
Imports: Articles of Apparel and Clothing Accessories (HKD mn) 6,230.547 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Imports: Office Machines & Automatic Data Processing Machines (HKD mn) 39,755.868 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Imports: Electrical Machinery, Apparatus and Appliances (HKD mn) 196,396.788 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Imports: Telecom & Sound Recording & Reproducing Equipment (HKD mn) 55,630.422 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Imports: Textile Yarn, Fabrics, Madeup Articles, nes (HKD mn) 3,291.579 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Exports: Electrical Machinery, Apparatus and Appliances (HKD mn) 194,124.286 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Exports: Road Vehicles, Including Air-Cruhion Vehicles (HKD mn) 809.882 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Exports: Office Machines & Automatic Data Processing Machines (HKD mn) 47,856.152 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Exports: General Industrial Machinery and Equipment nes (HKD mn) 4,278.040 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Exports: Telecom & Sound Recording & Reproducing Equipment (HKD mn) 59,283.428 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Total Exports Value Index: sa (2016=100) 113.40 Feb 2018 monthly Jan 2002 - Feb 2018
Imports Value Index: sa (2016=100) 117.00 Feb 2018 monthly Jan 2002 - Feb 2018
Total Exports Quantum Index (2016=100) 79.20 Feb 2018 monthly Jan 1982 - Feb 2018
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 31,317.6 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
Current Account Balance (USD mn) 7,814.8 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) 8.6 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 31,343.7 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 34.6 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 4,252.105 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) -2.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) 522.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) -3,182.956 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
External Debt (USD mn) 1,776,248.4 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2001 - Mar 2021
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 514.2 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 1,166,336.4 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2001 - Mar 2021
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 338.4 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) 18.959 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) 2,152,657.028 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2010 - Dec 2020
BoP: CA: PInc: Debit (HKD mn) -314,802.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: Capital Account (HKD mn) -126.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: Capital Account: Debit (HKD mn) -128.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: FA: PI: Liabilities (LB) (HKD mn) 32,984.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: FA: OI: Liabilities (HKD mn) -25,710.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: Goods: Credit (HKD mn) 1,177,759.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: FA: DI: Assets (AS) (HKD mn) -242,934.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: Overall Balance (HKD mn) 8,216.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: Current Account: Debit (HKD mn) -1,599,957.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: Services: Credit (HKD mn) 145,515.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: Services (HKD mn) 37,322.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: Goods: Debit (HKD mn) -1,171,015.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: Current Account: Credit (HKD mn) 1,659,798.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: FA: Other investment (OI) (HKD mn) -59,026.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: FA: FD: Liabilities (HKD mn) -196,072.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: FA: Direct Investment (DI) (HKD mn) 202.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: FA: FD: Assets (HKD mn) 190,414.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: Financial Account (FA) (HKD mn) -89,133.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: Primary Income (PInc) (HKD mn) 21,535.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: Goods (HKD mn) 6,744.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: Current Account (CA) (HKD mn) 60,620.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: Secondary Income (SInc) (HKD mn) -4,981.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: Services: Debit (HKD mn) -108,193.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: PInc: Credit (HKD mn) 336,337.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: SInc: Debit (HKD mn) -8,374.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: SInc: Credit (HKD mn) 3,393.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment (PI) (HKD mn) -16,435.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: Net Errors and Omissions (HKD mn) 29,418.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: CFA: Reserve Assets (HKD mn) -8,216.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: FA: Financial Derivatives (FD) (HKD mn) -5,658.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: FA: OI: Assets (HKD mn) -33,316.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: FA: DI: Liabilities (LB) (HKD mn) 243,136.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: Capital Account: Credit (HKD mn) 2.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: FA: PI: Assets (AS) (HKD mn) -49,419.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
International Investment Position (IIP): Assets (HKD mn) 49,447,356.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2010 - Mar 2021
IIP: Net (HKD mn) 16,818,528.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2010 - Mar 2021
IIP: Liabilities (HKD mn) 32,628,828.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2010 - Mar 2021
External Debt (ED): Total (HKD mn) 13,809,621.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2002 - Mar 2021
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 0.8 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1997 - Jun 2021
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 91.2 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1982 - Mar 2021
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 278,076.980 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1985 - Jul 2021
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 2,053,447.819 Jul 2021 monthly Dec 1980 - Jul 2021
M2 Growth (%) 3.0 Jul 2021 monthly Dec 1981 - Jul 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 494,624.0 Jul 2021 monthly Apr 2000 - Jul 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 137.046 Jun 2021 quarterly Jun 2000 - Jun 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 8.5 Jul 2021 monthly Apr 2000 - Jul 2021
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 122.000 Jul 2021 monthly Dec 1990 - Jul 2021
Total Deposits (USD mn) 1,917,870.564 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Total Deposits Growth (%) 6.6 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 1992 - Mar 2021
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 875,922.9 Sep 2018 monthly Dec 1990 - Sep 2018
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 9.3 Sep 2018 monthly Dec 1991 - Sep 2018
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector (%) 30.000 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
Credit to Households (USD bn) 316.145 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1990 - Dec 2020
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector (USD bn) 1,171.899 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1978 - Dec 2020
Household Debt (USD mn) 328,658.8 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1982 - Jun 2021
Total Loans (USD mn) 1,387,848.764 Mar 2021 monthly Dec 1978 - Mar 2021
Total Loans Growth (%) 0.18 Apr 2021 monthly Dec 1979 - Apr 2021
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 219.84 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1973 - Dec 2020
Deposits: Renminbi: Total Outstandings (RMB mn) 554,316.75 Mar 2018 monthly Feb 2004 - Mar 2018
HK: Loans & Advances: Total (HKD mn) 9,652,390.44 Mar 2018 monthly Dec 1978 - Mar 2018
HK: Residential Mortgage: Value: New Loans Made (HKD mn) 29,750.00 Mar 2018 monthly Dec 2000 - Mar 2018
HK: Residential Mortgage: Value: Outstanding Loans (OL) (HKD mn) 1,228,442.00 Mar 2018 monthly Dec 2000 - Mar 2018
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Business Confidence Growth (% Point) 20.0 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2009 - Jun 2021
BTS: Expected Changes: Business Situation (BS): sa (%) 6.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Sep 2021
BTS: Expected Changes: BS: sa: Retail (%) 18.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Sep 2021

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