Hong Kong SAR, China External Debt: % of GDP

2001 - 2021 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about Hong Kong SAR (China) External Debt: % of GDP

  • Hong Kong SAR (China) External Debt accounted for 510.6 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2021, compared with the ratio of 518.5 % in the previous year.
  • Hong Kong SAR (China) External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated yearly, available from Dec 2001 to Dec 2021.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 518.5 % in Dec 2020 and a record low of 218.2 % in Dec 2002.

CEIC calculates External Debt as % of Nominal GDP from quarterly External Debt and annual Nominal GDP. Census and Statistics Department provides External Debt in local currency based on BPM6 and Nominal GDP in local currency. External Debt prior to 2002 is based on BPM5.


Related information about Hong Kong SAR (China) External Debt: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports of Hong Kong SAR (China), Current Account recorded a surplus of 10.1 USD bn in Mar 2022.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 35.2 USD bn in Mar 2022.
  • Hong Kong SAR (China) Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 48.2 USD bn in Mar 2022.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment increased by 7.6 USD bn in Mar 2022.
  • The country's External Debt reached 1,857,670.2 in Mar 2022.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 86.3 USD bn in Jun 2022.

View Hong Kong SAR, China's External Debt: % of GDP from 2001 to 2021 in the chart:

Hong Kong SAR, China External Debt: % of GDP

What was Hong Kong SAR, China's External Debt: % of GDP in 2021?

Hong Kong SAR (China) External Debt accounted for 510.6 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2021, compared with the ratio of 518.5 % in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
510.6 2021 518.5 2020 218.2 2002 518.5 2020 % yearly 2001 - 2021

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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Includes External Debt: % of GDP on 108 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 63.2 2021 yearly 1991 - 2021
Algeria (%) 2.4 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Argentina (%) 56.6 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Armenia (%) 99.9 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Australia (%) 116.1 2021 yearly 1988 - 2021
Austria (%) 161.7 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Azerbaijan (%) 14.9 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2021
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 58.5 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2022
Belgium (%) 258.0 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
Bolivia (%) 38.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 25.5 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Botswana (%) 8.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Brazil (%) 35.3 2021 yearly 1992 - 2021
Bulgaria (%) 61.8 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Cambodia (%) 75.1 2021 yearly 2010 - 2021
Canada (%) 135.9 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Chile (%) 75.4 2021 yearly 1971 - 2021
China (%) 15.5 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Colombia (%) 54.6 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Croatia (%) 74.6 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Cyprus (%) 822.3 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Czech Republic (%) 73.2 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Denmark (%) 149.9 2021 yearly 2005 - 2021
Ecuador (%) 54.1 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Egypt (%) 34.6 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 1999 - Mar 2022
Estonia (%) 84.7 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
European Union (%) 130.0 2021 yearly 2008 - 2021
Finland (%) 208.1 2021 yearly 1991 - 2021
France (%) 256.2 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Georgia (%) 117.5 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Germany (%) 170.3 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Ghana (%) 35.6 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Greece (%) 304.3 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 510.6 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
Hungary (%) 155.5 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Iceland (%) 84.8 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021
India (%) 19.9 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Indonesia (%) 35.1 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Iran (%) 0.9 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (%) 688.8 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Israel (%) 32.8 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Italy (%) 137.6 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Ivory Coast (%) 24.0 2018 yearly 1994 - 2018
Japan (%) 97.9 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Jordan (%) 86.6 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Kazakhstan (%) 81.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2002 - Mar 2022
Kenya (%) 35.3 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
South Korea (%) 34.9 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Kosovo (%) 38.1 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
Kuwait (%) 58.5 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 106.1 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Laos (%) 53.8 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Latvia (%) 107.8 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
Lebanon (%) 53.0 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Lithuania (%) 76.6 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Luxembourg (%) 4,791.4 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
North Macedonia (%) 81.4 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Malawi (%) 39.4 2014 yearly 2006 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 70.0 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Malta (%) 633.5 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Mauritius (%) 2,062.5 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Mexico (%) 47.0 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Moldova (%) 65.9 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Mongolia (%) 221.1 2021 yearly 1992 - 2021
Montenegro (%) 203.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Morocco (%) 46.9 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Mozambique (%) 71.7 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 412.2 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
New Zealand (%) 87.9 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
Nigeria (%) 8.8 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Norway (%) 154.4 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Pakistan (%) 34.5 2022 yearly 2000 - 2022
Palestinian Territory (%) 12.0 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
Panama (%) 177.4 2021 yearly 2014 - 2021
Paraguay (%) 50.4 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Peru (%) 45.2 2021 yearly 1980 - 2021
Philippines (%) 27.0 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Poland (%) 56.5 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Portugal (%) 193.3 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 56.0 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Russia (%) 27.1 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
Serbia (%) 68.5 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Singapore (%) 448.3 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Slovakia (%) 137.0 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Slovenia (%) 97.7 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
South Africa (%) 38.3 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Spain (%) 192.9 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Sri Lanka (%) 57.7 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Sudan (%) 105.1 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Sweden (%) 169.6 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Switzerland (%) 287.3 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Taiwan (%) 27.6 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Tajikistan (%) 40.6 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Thailand (%) 38.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Mar 2022
Tunisia (%) 100.9 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Turkey (%) 54.2 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021
Ukraine (%) 64.8 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021

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Hong Kong SAR, China Key Series

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Includes 225 key indicators for Hong Kong SAR, China, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -3.5 Jun 2022 quarterly Sep 1999 - Jun 2022
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -3,201.529 Jul 2022 monthly Oct 1998 - Jul 2022
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 6,477.685 Jun 2022 quarterly Sep 1979 - Jun 2022
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 7.5 Jun 2022 quarterly Sep 1979 - Jun 2022
National Government Debt (USD mn) 161,605.6 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 46.1 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Forecast: Government Expenditure (HKD bn) 883.321 2028 yearly 1982 - 2028
Forecast: Government Net Debt (HKD bn) 203.249 2028 yearly 2005 - 2028
Forecast: Government Revenue (HKD bn) 909.325 2028 yearly 1982 - 2028
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 3.520 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Trade Balance (USD mn) -3,510.6 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1957 - Jul 2022
Total Exports (USD mn) 48,367.7 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1957 - Jul 2022
Total Exports Growth (%) -8.9 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1953 - Jul 2022
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 343,053.378 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 1,403,964.276 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 303,429.616 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Imports (USD mn) 51,878.3 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1957 - Jul 2022
Total Imports Growth (%) -9.9 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1953 - Jul 2022
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 2,439,488.300 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 592,852.824 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 3,180.542 Jul 2022 monthly Apr 1964 - Jul 2022
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 2,055.962 Jul 2022 monthly Apr 1964 - Jul 2022
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 27,863.475 Jul 2022 monthly Apr 1964 - Jul 2022
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 21,676.571 Jul 2022 monthly Apr 1964 - Jul 2022
Exports: Electrical Machinery, Apparatus and Appliances (HKD mn) 188,721.783 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2022
Exports: General Industrial Machinery and Equipment nes (HKD mn) 2,649.111 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2022
Exports: Road Vehicles, Including Air-Cruhion Vehicles (HKD mn) 602.598 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Jun 2022
Exports: Telecom & Sound Recording & Reproducing Equipment (HKD mn) 42,330.361 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2022
Imports: Office Machines & Automatic Data Processing Machines (HKD mn) 37,479.937 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2022
Imports: Telecom & Sound Recording & Reproducing Equipment (HKD mn) 41,019.437 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2022
Imports Value Index: sa (2016=100) 117.00 Feb 2018 monthly Jan 2002 - Feb 2018
Total Exports Value Index: sa (2016=100) 113.40 Feb 2018 monthly Jan 2002 - Feb 2018
Total Exports Quantum Index (2016=100) 79.20 Feb 2018 monthly Jan 1982 - Feb 2018
Exports: Office Machines & Automatic Data Processing Machines (HKD mn) 40,549.676 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2022
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 48,180.0 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
Current Account Balance (USD mn) 10,126.0 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) 11.6 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 35,166.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 40.2 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 7,556.345 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 8.6 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) 8,489.5 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) -933.172 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
External Debt (USD mn) 1,857,670.2 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2001 - Mar 2022
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 510.6 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 1,215,303.5 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2001 - Mar 2022
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 336.4 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) 35.278 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) 1,991,459.432 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2010 - Mar 2022
BoP: FA: DI: Assets (AS) (HKD mn) -376,024.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
BoP: Overall Balance (HKD mn) -52,489.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
BoP: Current Account: Debit (HKD mn) -1,665,788.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: Services: Credit (HKD mn) 161,772.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: Services (HKD mn) 44,752.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: Goods: Debit (HKD mn) -1,205,008.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
BoP: Current Account: Credit (HKD mn) 1,744,296.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
BoP: FA: Other investment (OI) (HKD mn) -161,482.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
BoP: FA: FD: Liabilities (HKD mn) -104,713.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
BoP: FA: Direct Investment (DI) (HKD mn) -101,564.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
BoP: FA: FD: Assets (HKD mn) 120,799.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
BoP: Financial Account (FA) (HKD mn) -49,418.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: Primary Income (PInc) (HKD mn) 23,246.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: Goods (HKD mn) 13,821.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
BoP: Current Account (CA) (HKD mn) 79,029.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: Secondary Income (SInc) (HKD mn) -2,790.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: Services: Debit (HKD mn) -117,020.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: PInc: Credit (HKD mn) 358,182.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: SInc: Debit (HKD mn) -7,977.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: SInc: Credit (HKD mn) 5,187.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
BoP: Net Errors and Omissions (HKD mn) -28,993.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
BoP: CFA: Reserve Assets (HKD mn) 52,489.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
BoP: FA: Financial Derivatives (FD) (HKD mn) 16,086.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
BoP: FA: OI: Assets (HKD mn) -32,145.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
BoP: FA: DI: Liabilities (LB) (HKD mn) 274,461.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
BoP: Capital Account: Credit (HKD mn) 5.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
BoP: FA: PI: Assets (AS) (HKD mn) 86,079.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment (PI) (HKD mn) 145,052.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: PInc: Debit (HKD mn) -334,936.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
BoP: Capital Account (HKD mn) -97.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
BoP: Capital Account: Debit (HKD mn) -102.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
BoP: FA: PI: Liabilities (LB) (HKD mn) 58,974.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
BoP: FA: OI: Liabilities (HKD mn) -129,337.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: Goods: Credit (HKD mn) 1,218,829.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
IIP: Net (HKD mn) 15,598,106.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2010 - Mar 2022
IIP: Liabilities (HKD mn) 33,893,581.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2010 - Mar 2022
International Investment Position (IIP): Assets (HKD mn) 49,491,687.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2010 - Mar 2022
External Debt (ED): Total (HKD mn) 14,550,202.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2002 - Mar 2022
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 1.0 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1997 - Jun 2022
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 94.3 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1982 - Jun 2022
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 259,866.876 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1985 - Jul 2022
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 2,081,910.399 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1980 - Jul 2022
M2 Growth (%) 2.4 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1981 - Jul 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 441,712.0 Jul 2022 monthly Apr 2000 - Jul 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 122.610 Jun 2022 quarterly Jun 2000 - Jun 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 8.5 Jul 2022 monthly Apr 2000 - Jul 2022
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 117.000 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1990 - Jul 2022
Total Deposits (USD mn) 1,946,204.744 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2022
Total Deposits Growth (%) 2.5 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1992 - Jul 2022
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 875,922.9 Sep 2018 monthly Dec 1990 - Sep 2018
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 9.3 Sep 2018 monthly Dec 1991 - Sep 2018
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector (%) 31.500 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2021
Credit to Households (USD bn) 342.489 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1990 - Dec 2021
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector (USD bn) 1,355.986 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1978 - Dec 2021
Household Debt (USD mn) 341,841.1 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1982 - Jun 2022
Total Loans (USD mn) 1,393,674.953 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1978 - Jul 2022
Total Loans Growth (%) -0.08 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1979 - Jul 2022
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 224.29 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 1973 - Jun 2022
Deposits: Renminbi: Total Outstandings (RMB mn) 554,316.75 Mar 2018 monthly Feb 2004 - Mar 2018
HK: Loans & Advances: Total (HKD mn) 9,652,390.44 Mar 2018 monthly Dec 1978 - Mar 2018
HK: Residential Mortgage: Value: Outstanding Loans (OL) (HKD mn) 1,228,442.00 Mar 2018 monthly Dec 2000 - Mar 2018
HK: Residential Mortgage: Value: New Loans Made (HKD mn) 29,750.00 Mar 2018 monthly Dec 2000 - Mar 2018
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Business Confidence Growth (% Point) 0.0 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2022
BTS: Expected Changes: Business Situation (BS): sa (%) 6.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2008 - Sep 2022
BTS: Expected Changes: BS: sa: Retail (%) 25.000 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2008 - Sep 2022

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