Hong Kong SAR, China Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

2000 - 2021 | Quarterly | % | CEIC Data

Hong Kong SAR (China) Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP was reported at 139.343 % in Mar 2021. This records a decrease from the previous number of 141.825 % for Dec 2020. Hong Kong SAR (China) Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP data is updated quarterly, averaging 112.943 % from Jun 2000 to Mar 2021, with 84 observations. The data reached an all-time high of 141.825 % in Dec 2020 and a record low of 57.320 % in Jun 2000. Hong Kong SAR (China) Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP data remains active status in CEIC and is reported by CEIC Data. The data is categorized under World Trend Plus’s Global Economic Monitor – Table: Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of Nominal GDP: Quarterly: Asia. CEIC calculates quarterly Foreign Exchange Reserves as % of Nominal GDP from monthly Foreign Exchange Reserves and quarterly Nominal GDP. Hong Kong Monetary Authority provides Foreign Exchange Reserves in USD. Census and Statistics Department provides Nominal GDP in local currency. Federal Reserve Board average market exchange rate is used for currency conversions.

View Hong Kong SAR, China's Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP from Jun 2000 to Mar 2021 in the chart:

Hong Kong SAR, China Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

What was Hong Kong SAR, China's Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP in Mar 2021?

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
139.343 Mar 2021 141.825 Dec 2020 57.320 Jun 2000 141.825 Dec 2020 % quarterly Jun 2000 - Mar 2021

Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP by Country Comparison

Buy Selected Data

Includes Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP on 114 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 28.100 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2008 - Mar 2021
Algeria (%) 34.531 Mar 2020 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2020
Argentina (%) 9.053 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2004 - Mar 2021
Armenia (%) 24.129 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2013 - Mar 2021
Australia (%) 2.496 Mar 2021 quarterly Sep 1969 - Mar 2021
Austria (%) 2.020 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1995 - Mar 2021
Azerbaijan (%) 17.318 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2001 - Mar 2021
Bahrain (%) 9.329 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2007 - Mar 2021
Bangladesh (%) 4.000 Apr 2021 monthly Oct 1999 - Apr 2021
Belarus (%) 6.157 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2009 - Mar 2021
Belgium (%) 1.981 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
Bolivia (%) 9.249 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2020
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 39.235 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2008 - Mar 2021
Botswana (%) 31.181 Dec 2020 quarterly Jun 1994 - Dec 2020
Brazil (%) 22.915 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2021
Brunei (%) 6.000 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2006 - Apr 2021
Bulgaria (%) 42.381 Mar 2021 quarterly Sep 2003 - Mar 2021
Cambodia (%) 8.000 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2008 - Jun 2021
Canada (%) 4.142 Mar 2021 quarterly Jun 1999 - Mar 2021
Chile (%) 14.524 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1996 - Mar 2021
China (%) 8.900 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1985 - Jul 2021
Colombia (%) 20.574 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2021
Croatia (%) 42.404 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1995 - Mar 2021
Cyprus (%) 0.706 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2002 - Mar 2021
Czech Republic (%) 64.376 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Mar 2021
Denmark (%) 17.714 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2002 - Mar 2021
Ecuador (%) 4.134 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2021
Egypt (%) 8.778 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2004 - Dec 2020
Estonia (%) 6.987 Mar 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Mar 2021
European Union (%) 2.333 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2021
Finland (%) 2.892 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Mar 2021
France (%) 1.955 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2004 - Mar 2021
Georgia (%) 25.136 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1996 - Mar 2021
Germany (%) 0.954 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1991 - Mar 2021
Ghana (%) 9.927 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2006 - Dec 2020
Greece (%) 1.876 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2004 - Mar 2021
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 139.343 Mar 2021 quarterly Jun 2000 - Mar 2021
Hungary (%) 20.270 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2006 - Mar 2021
Iceland (%) 27.410 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2021
India (%) 3.500 Apr 2021 monthly Sep 1962 - Apr 2021
Indonesia (%) 3.500 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Apr 2021
Ireland (%) 1.202 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
Israel (%) 44.674 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2001 - Mar 2021
Italy (%) 2.390 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2021
Ivory Coast (%) 0.006 Sep 2018 quarterly Dec 1997 - Sep 2018
Japan (%) 0.820 Feb 2021 monthly Oct 1980 - Feb 2021
Jordan (%) 27.878 Dec 2019 quarterly Dec 1992 - Dec 2019
Kazakhstan (%) 6.637 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2002 - Mar 2021
Kenya (%) 8.845 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2009 - Sep 2020
South Korea (%) 7.000 Apr 2021 monthly Nov 1979 - Apr 2021
Kosovo (%) 10.639 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2010 - Mar 2021
Kuwait (%) 40.595 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Sep 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 18.499 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2021
Laos (%) 4.000 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jun 2021
Latvia (%) 13.903 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1997 - Mar 2021
Lebanon (%) 96.393 2019 yearly 2004 - 2019
Lithuania (%) 7.802 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1995 - Mar 2021
Luxembourg (%) 0.335 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
Macau SAR, China (%) 103.841 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2001 - Mar 2021
North Macedonia (%) 33.540 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2021
Malawi (%) 7.548 2019 yearly 2002 - 2019
Malaysia (%) 2.000 Mar 2021 monthly Jun 1959 - Mar 2021
Malta (%) 5.245 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2021
Mauritius (%) 62.219 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2006 - Mar 2021
Mexico (%) 17.123 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Mar 2021
Moldova (%) 31.595 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
Mongolia (%) 30.488 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2010 - Mar 2021
Montenegro (%) 43.431 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2020
Morocco (%) 25.982 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2007 - Mar 2021
Mozambique (%) 23.994 2019 yearly 1984 - 2019
Myanmar (%) 3.500 Apr 2021 monthly May 2011 - Apr 2021
Nepal (%) 3.000 Apr 2021 monthly Jul 2003 - Apr 2021
Netherlands (%) 0.714 Mar 2021 quarterly Sep 1999 - Mar 2021
New Zealand (%) 4,941.703 Mar 2021 quarterly Sep 2005 - Mar 2021
Nigeria (%) 8.374 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2010 - Mar 2021
Norway (%) 18.021 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
Oman (%) 22.701 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2005 - Dec 2020
Pakistan (%) 5.000 Apr 2021 monthly Jul 2006 - Apr 2021
Palestinian Territory (%) 14.439 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2006 - Dec 2020
Panama (%) 16.784 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2007 - Mar 2021
Paraguay (%) 24.854 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1994 - Mar 2021
Peru (%) 37.524 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1990 - Mar 2021
Philippines (%) 12.000 May 2021 monthly May 1986 - May 2021
Poland (%) 23.614 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2002 - Mar 2021
Portugal (%) 1.913 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2021
Qatar (%) 25.787 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2010 - Mar 2021
Romania (%) 15.781 Mar 2021 quarterly Jun 2005 - Mar 2021
Russia (%) 29.693 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2011 - Mar 2021
Saudi Arabia (%) 62.132 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2003 - Mar 2021
Serbia (%) 26.798 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2004 - Mar 2021
Singapore (%) 109.184 Mar 2021 quarterly Jun 2000 - Mar 2021
Slovakia (%) 6.128 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2021
Slovenia (%) 1.157 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1995 - Mar 2021
South Africa (%) 13.990 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2001 - Mar 2021
Spain (%) 4.246 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1995 - Mar 2021
Sri Lanka (%) 2.000 Jun 2021 monthly Mar 1997 - Jun 2021
Sudan (%) 0.000 2017 yearly 1960 - 2017
Sweden (%) 7.656 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Mar 2021
Switzerland (%) 129.677 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2006 - Mar 2021
Syria (%) 31.149 2010 yearly 1990 - 2010

Accurate Macro & Micro Economic Data You Can Trust

Explore the most complete set of 6.6 million time series covering more than 200 economies, 20 industries and 18 macroeconomic sectors.

Learn more about what we do

Hong Kong SAR, China Key Series

Buy Selected Data

Includes 237 key indicators for Hong Kong SAR, China, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -8.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Sep 1999 - Dec 2020
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -5,010.418 Mar 2021 monthly Oct 1998 - Mar 2021
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 17,294.350 Mar 2021 quarterly Sep 1979 - Mar 2021
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 19.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Sep 1979 - Dec 2020
National Government Debt (USD mn) 152,334.7 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 42.2 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Forecast: Government Expenditure (HKD bn) 832.750 2026 yearly 1981 - 2026
Forecast: Government Net Debt (HKD bn) 11.700 2026 yearly 2001 - 2026
Forecast: Government Revenue (HKD bn) 829.197 2026 yearly 1981 - 2026
Debts: Outstanding: Government (HKD mn) 27,167.000 May 2021 monthly May 2004 - May 2021
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 3.552 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Trade Balance (USD mn) -3,279.1 May 2021 monthly Jan 1957 - May 2021
Total Exports (USD mn) 50,713.9 May 2021 monthly Jan 1957 - May 2021
Total Exports Growth (%) 24.0 May 2021 monthly Jan 1953 - May 2021
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 243,093.454 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 1,025,551.196 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 412,459.730 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Imports (USD mn) 53,993.0 May 2021 monthly Jan 1957 - May 2021
Total Imports Growth (%) 26.5 May 2021 monthly Jan 1953 - May 2021
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 2,371,660.149 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 550,387.359 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 3,024.122 Dec 2020 monthly Apr 1964 - Dec 2020
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 2,327.831 Mar 2021 monthly Apr 1964 - Mar 2021
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 30,030.669 Apr 2021 monthly Apr 1964 - Apr 2021
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 23,442.622 Apr 2021 monthly Apr 1964 - Apr 2021
HK: Imports: cif: Advanced Economies: South Korea (USD mn) 3,369.644 Mar 2021 monthly Feb 1960 - Mar 2021
Exports: Electrical Machinery, Apparatus and Appliances (HKD mn) 177,220.325 May 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - May 2021
Exports: General Industrial Machinery and Equipment nes (HKD mn) 3,669.554 May 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - May 2021
Exports: Road Vehicles, Including Air-Cruhion Vehicles (HKD mn) 754.938 May 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - May 2021
Imports Value Index: sa (2016=100) 117.00 Feb 2018 monthly Jan 2002 - Feb 2018
Total Exports Value Index: sa (2016=100) 113.40 Feb 2018 monthly Jan 2002 - Feb 2018
Total Exports Quantum Index (2016=100) 79.20 Feb 2018 monthly Jan 1982 - Feb 2018
Exports: Office Machines & Automatic Data Processing Machines (HKD mn) 43,931.921 May 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - May 2021
Exports: Telecom & Sound Recording & Reproducing Equipment (HKD mn) 58,200.932 May 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - May 2021
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 31,317.6 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
Current Account Balance (USD mn) 7,714.4 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) 8.5 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 31,343.7 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 34.7 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 4,252.105 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) -2.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) 522.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) -3,182.956 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
External Debt (USD mn) 1,776,248.4 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2001 - Mar 2021
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 514.2 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 1,166,336.4 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2001 - Mar 2021
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 338.4 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) 18.959 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) 2,152,657.028 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2010 - Dec 2020
BoP: FA: DI: Assets (AS) (HKD mn) -242,934.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: Overall Balance (HKD mn) 8,216.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: Current Account: Debit (HKD mn) -1,599,957.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: Services: Credit (HKD mn) 141,858.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: Services (HKD mn) 34,610.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: Goods: Debit (HKD mn) -1,169,533.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: Current Account: Credit (HKD mn) 1,659,798.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: FA: Other investment (OI) (HKD mn) -59,026.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: FA: FD: Liabilities (HKD mn) -196,072.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: FA: Direct Investment (DI) (HKD mn) 202.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: FA: FD: Assets (HKD mn) 190,414.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: Financial Account (FA) (HKD mn) -89,133.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: Primary Income (PInc) (HKD mn) 21,535.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: PInc: Debit (HKD mn) -314,802.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: Capital Account (HKD mn) -126.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: Capital Account: Debit (HKD mn) -128.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: FA: PI: Liabilities (LB) (HKD mn) 32,984.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: FA: OI: Liabilities (HKD mn) -25,710.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: Goods: Credit (HKD mn) 1,178,210.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: Net Errors and Omissions (HKD mn) 29,418.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: CFA: Reserve Assets (HKD mn) -8,216.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: FA: Financial Derivatives (FD) (HKD mn) -5,658.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: FA: OI: Assets (HKD mn) -33,316.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: FA: DI: Liabilities (LB) (HKD mn) 243,136.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: Capital Account: Credit (HKD mn) 2.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: FA: PI: Assets (AS) (HKD mn) -49,419.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment (PI) (HKD mn) -16,435.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: Goods (HKD mn) 8,677.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: Current Account (CA) (HKD mn) 59,841.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: Secondary Income (SInc) (HKD mn) -4,981.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: Services: Debit (HKD mn) -107,248.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: PInc: Credit (HKD mn) 336,337.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: SInc: Debit (HKD mn) -8,374.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: SInc: Credit (HKD mn) 3,393.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
International Investment Position (IIP): Assets (HKD mn) 49,447,356.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2010 - Mar 2021
IIP: Net (HKD mn) 16,818,528.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2010 - Mar 2021
IIP: Liabilities (HKD mn) 32,628,828.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2010 - Mar 2021
External Debt (ED): Total (HKD mn) 13,809,621.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2002 - Mar 2021
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 0.8 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1997 - Mar 2021
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 91.2 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1982 - Mar 2021
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 271,169.643 May 2021 monthly Jan 1985 - May 2021
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 2,053,021.729 May 2021 monthly Dec 1980 - May 2021
M2 Growth (%) 7.1 May 2021 monthly Dec 1981 - May 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 494,350.0 May 2021 monthly Apr 2000 - May 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 139.343 Mar 2021 quarterly Jun 2000 - Mar 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 9.1 Apr 2021 monthly Apr 2000 - Apr 2021
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 126.000 May 2021 monthly Dec 1990 - May 2021
Total Deposits (USD mn) 1,914,703.457 May 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - May 2021
Total Deposits Growth (%) 6.6 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 1992 - Mar 2021
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 875,922.9 Sep 2018 monthly Dec 1990 - Sep 2018
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 9.3 Sep 2018 monthly Dec 1991 - Sep 2018
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector (%) 30.000 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
Credit to Households (USD bn) 316.145 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1990 - Dec 2020
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector (USD bn) 1,171.899 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1978 - Dec 2020
Household Debt (USD mn) 320,564.6 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1982 - Mar 2021
Total Loans (USD mn) 1,387,848.764 Mar 2021 monthly Dec 1978 - Mar 2021
Total Loans Growth (%) 0.18 Apr 2021 monthly Dec 1979 - Apr 2021
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 219.84 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1973 - Dec 2020
Deposits: Renminbi: Total Outstandings (RMB mn) 554,316.75 Mar 2018 monthly Feb 2004 - Mar 2018
HK: Loans & Advances: Total (HKD mn) 9,652,390.44 Mar 2018 monthly Dec 1978 - Mar 2018
HK: Residential Mortgage: Value: New Loans Made (HKD mn) 29,750.00 Mar 2018 monthly Dec 2000 - Mar 2018
HK: Residential Mortgage: Value: Outstanding Loans (OL) (HKD mn) 1,228,442.00 Mar 2018 monthly Dec 2000 - Mar 2018
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Business Confidence Growth (% Point) 20.0 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2009 - Jun 2021
BTS: Expected Changes: Business Situation (BS): sa (%) 6.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Sep 2021
BTS: Expected Changes: BS: sa: Retail (%) 18.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Sep 2021

Check out our pricing options.

Explore the most complete set of 6.6 million time series covering more than 200 economies, 20 industries and 18 macroeconomic sectors.

View pricing options

CEIC Flex

from $39

Entry level access to the CEIC platform for individual users. Download limits apply. Payable monthly by credit card.

View this option

CEIC Unlimited

Request a Demo

Full and unlimited access to CEIC data for multiple users. Suitable for enterprise usage. Available via annual subscription to one or more of CEIC’s global and premium databases.

Request a demo
Unlimited access tailored to your data needs
Flexible monthly access to CEIC data