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Romania Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

2005 - 2017 | Quarterly | % | CEIC

Romania’s Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP was reported at 17.22 % in Dec 2017. This records a decrease from the previous number of 17.60 % for Sep 2017. Romania’s Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP data is updated quarterly, averaging 20.90 % from Jun 2005 to Dec 2017, with 51 observations. The data reached an all-time high of 26.34 % in Jun 2011 and a record low of 17.22 % in Dec 2017. Romania’s Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP data remains active status in CEIC and is generated by CEIC. The data is categorized under World Trend Plus’s Global Economic Monitor – Table: Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of Nominal GDP: Europe and Central Asia. CEIC calculates quarterly Foreign Exchange Reserves as % of Nominal GDP from monthly Foreign Exchange Reserves and quarterly Nominal GDP. The National Bank of Romania provides Foreign Exchange Reserves in EUR. The National Institute of Statistics provides Nominal GDP in local currency. The National Bank of Romania average market exchange rate is used for currency conversions.

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What was Romania's Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP in Dec 2017?

Last

17.22

Dec 2017
Previous

17.60

Sep 2017
Min

17.22

Dec 2017
Max

26.34

Jun 2011
Unit

%

Frequency

quarterly

Range

Jun 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 23 Apr 2018
Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

17.22

Dec 2017

17.60

Sep 2017

17.22

Dec 2017

26.34

Jun 2011

%

quarterly

Jun 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 23 Apr 2018

View Romania's Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP from Jun 2005 to Dec 2017 in the chart:

Romania Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

Series Details
Series ID

384177697

Name

Romania Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

Country

Romania

Frequency

Quarterly

Unit

%

Status

Active

Source

CEIC Generated

First Date

Jun 2005

Last Date

Dec 2017

Last Updated

23 Apr 2018

Statistics
Mean

21.32

Variance

6.39

Standard deviation

2.53

Skewness

0.36

Kurtosis

-1.02

Coefficient variation

0.12

Median

20.90

Max
Jun 2011

26.34

Min
Dec 2017

17.22

Previous observation
Sep 2017

17.60

Last observation
Dec 2017

17.22

Number of Observations

51

Get This Data

More Countries for Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

Country Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Albania

25.36

Dec 2017

24.15

Sep 2017

16.06

Mar 2009

25.50

Mar 2016

%

quarterly

Dec 2008 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-22
Algeria

56.38

2017

71.00

2016

1.17

1990

107.30

2009

%

yearly

1968 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Argentina

7.90

Dec 2017

7.27

Sep 2017

3.21

Dec 2015

16.16

Jun 2007

%

quarterly

Dec 2004 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Armenia

19.94

Dec 2017

18.99

Sep 2017

12.80

Dec 2014

20.77

Dec 2016

%

quarterly

Dec 2013 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Australia

4.19

Dec 2017

3.47

Sep 2017

0.68

Sep 1980

9.10

Dec 1972

%

quarterly

Sep 1969 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-26
Austria

1.54

Dec 2017

1.51

Sep 2017

1.15

Dec 2009

9.56

Dec 1998

%

quarterly

Dec 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Azerbaijan

15.83

Dec 2017

16.59

Sep 2017

7.85

Mar 2006

21.55

Mar 2014

%

quarterly

Dec 2001 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Bahrain

9.94

Sep 2017

4.89

Jun 2017

4.65

Sep 2016

23.83

Mar 2008

%

quarterly

Dec 2007 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Bangladesh

12.65

2017

12.75

2016

4.74

2006

12.75

2016

%

yearly

2006 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Belarus

8.01

Mar 2018

8.91

Dec 2017

2.90

Mar 2011

9.23

Jun 2012

%

quarterly

Dec 2009 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-20
Belgium

1.92

Dec 2017

1.88

Sep 2017

1.45

Sep 2008

3.66

Dec 2001

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-27
Bolivia

21.86

Dec 2017

22.12

Sep 2017

5.17

Mar 2003

43.27

Sep 2009

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
Bosnia and Herzegovina

32.78

Dec 2017

32.11

Sep 2017

21.98

Jun 2012

32.78

Dec 2017

%

quarterly

Dec 2008 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Botswana

45.75

Dec 2017

43.79

Sep 2017

43.00

Mar 2017

124.15

Dec 1998

%

quarterly

Jun 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-08
Brazil

18.01

Mar 2018

17.78

Dec 2017

4.95

Dec 2000

20.20

Sep 2016

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-27
Brunei

24.24

Dec 2017

23.38

Sep 2017

15.77

Mar 2014

28.71

Jun 2016

%

quarterly

Dec 2013 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-30
Bulgaria

42.46

Dec 2017

44.66

Sep 2017

25.30

Sep 2003

44.82

Dec 2016

%

quarterly

Sep 2003 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Cambodia

41.14

2016

37.39

2015

0.34

1993

41.14

2016

%

yearly

1993 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-20
Canada

4.63

Dec 2017

4.59

Sep 2017

2.52

Dec 2006

4.87

Sep 2016

%

quarterly

Jun 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
Chile

13.68

Dec 2017

13.66

Sep 2017

9.58

Mar 2007

22.89

Mar 2003

%

quarterly

Dec 1996 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
China

24.60

Mar 2018

25.60

Dec 2017

3.43

Sep 1993

47.45

Mar 2011

%

quarterly

Dec 1992 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-20
Colombia

14.71

Dec 2017

15.09

Sep 2017

8.43

Dec 2000

16.76

Jun 2016

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Croatia

33.35

Dec 2017

32.17

Sep 2017

15.42

Mar 2001

33.35

Dec 2017

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Cyprus

0.31

Dec 2017

0.33

Sep 2017

0.10

Jun 2013

26.75

Mar 2002

%

quarterly

Mar 2002 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
Czech Republic

67.29

Dec 2017

70.60

Sep 2017

15.00

Sep 2008

71.27

Jun 2017

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-30
Denmark

20.27

Dec 2017

20.19

Sep 2017

8.38

Sep 2008

36.06

Mar 2015

%

quarterly

Mar 2002 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-24
Ecuador

1.57

Dec 2017

1.15

Sep 2017

0.54

Dec 2012

9.50

Sep 2008

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-27
Egypt

13.93

Dec 2017

14.00

Sep 2017

2.74

Mar 2013

21.64

Mar 2008

%

quarterly

Dec 2004 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Estonia

0.90

Dec 2017

0.91

Sep 2017

0.46

Dec 2011

19.91

Jun 2010

%

quarterly

Sep 2002 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-14
European Union

1.46

Dec 2017

1.47

Sep 2017

1.04

Jun 2008

2.70

Sep 2000

%

quarterly

Dec 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Finland

2.38

Dec 2017

2.45

Sep 2017

1.97

Dec 2010

6.08

Sep 2000

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
France

1.62

Mar 2018

1.50

Dec 2017

0.82

Mar 2009

1.81

Dec 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2004 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-30
Georgia

18.66

Dec 2017

18.94

Sep 2017

2.98

Jun 1999

20.61

Mar 2011

%

quarterly

Dec 1996 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-30
Germany

0.96

Dec 2017

1.00

Sep 2017

0.96

Dec 2017

5.54

Sep 1992

%

quarterly

Dec 1991 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-27
Greece

1.07

Dec 2017

1.08

Sep 2017

0.01

Dec 2011

1.14

Mar 2004

%

quarterly

Mar 2004 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Hong Kong

126.21

Dec 2017

124.43

Sep 2017

57.32

Jun 2000

126.21

Dec 2017

%

quarterly

Jun 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Hungary

19.62

Dec 2017

19.19

Sep 2017

15.19

Sep 2008

37.91

Jun 2011

%

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-27
Iceland

25.43

Dec 2017

25.51

Sep 2017

3.76

Mar 2003

55.27

Dec 2011

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-02
India

15.27

Dec 2017

15.45

Sep 2017

13.34

Sep 2013

16.07

Jun 2015

%

quarterly

Mar 2012 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-30
Indonesia

11.61

Mar 2018

12.22

Dec 2017

9.62

Sep 2013

13.68

Jun 2011

%

quarterly

Dec 2010 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-07
Ireland

0.59

Dec 2017

0.56

Sep 2017

0.00

Jun 2013

5.36

Jun 1999

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Israel

31.83

Dec 2017

32.20

Sep 2017

15.57

Jun 2008

32.25

Jun 2017

%

quarterly

Dec 2001 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-24
Italy

1.88

Dec 2017

1.91

Sep 2017

1.11

Mar 2008

2.16

Sep 2000

%

quarterly

Dec 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Ivory Coast

0.01

2017

0.01

2016

0.01

2016

10.20

1978

%

yearly

1962 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Japan

24.68

Dec 2017

24.64

Sep 2017

17.78

Jun 2011

27.00

Mar 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-26
Jordan

33.12

Dec 2017

30.46

Sep 2017

11.58

Jun 1993

51.70

Sep 2003

%

quarterly

Dec 1992 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Kazakhstan

10.95

Dec 2017

12.72

Sep 2017

8.16

Sep 2013

23.42

Mar 2007

%

quarterly

Dec 2002 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-30
Kenya

9.78

Dec 2017

10.60

Sep 2017

9.53

Sep 2011

14.60

Jun 2014

%

quarterly

Dec 2009 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-26
South Korea

24.75

Dec 2017

25.02

Sep 2017

3.52

Dec 1997

29.11

Dec 2009

%

quarterly

Mar 1971 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-30
Kosovo

13.04

Dec 2017

15.19

Sep 2017

8.79

Mar 2015

15.19

Sep 2017

%

quarterly

Dec 2010 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-24
Kuwait

26.17

2017

26.12

2016

1.43

1967

28.36

1991

%

yearly

1964 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Kyrgyzstan

21.53

Dec 2017

21.90

Sep 2017

14.05

Sep 2001

30.83

Mar 2011

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-25
Laos

6.81

2014

5.96

2013

5.96

2013

12.27

2007

%

yearly

2002 - 2014

Updated on 2018-04-20
Latvia

12.94

Dec 2017

11.86

Sep 2017

9.44

Sep 2016

30.82

Sep 2010

%

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-01
Lebanon

77.72

2015

81.99

2014

51.64

2007

83.53

2012

%

yearly

2004 - 2015

Updated on 2018-04-25
Lithuania

7.99

Dec 2017

3.45

Sep 2017

1.80

Mar 2015

18.93

Dec 2007

%

quarterly

Dec 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Luxembourg

0.26

Dec 2017

0.27

Sep 2017

0.00

Mar 1999

1.10

Sep 2008

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Macau

40.05

Dec 2017

40.03

Sep 2017

28.11

Jun 2014

92.69

Dec 2011

%

quarterly

Dec 2001 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-08
Macedonia

20.80

Dec 2017

20.36

Sep 2017

11.38

Dec 2000

26.18

Sep 2014

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Malawi

10.42

2015

9.88

2014

2.32

2009

10.42

2015

%

yearly

2002 - 2015

Updated on 2018-04-20
Malaysia

31.40

Dec 2017

31.96

Sep 2017

28.63

Sep 2015

46.06

Jun 2011

%

quarterly

Dec 2010 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-30
Malta

5.00

Dec 2017

5.00

Sep 2017

2.18

Jun 2010

48.38

Dec 2003

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Mauritius

40.71

Dec 2017

37.96

Sep 2017

17.27

Dec 2008

40.71

Dec 2017

%

quarterly

Dec 2006 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Mexico

14.29

Dec 2017

14.63

Sep 2017

4.84

Jun 2000

15.75

Mar 2017

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-27
Moldova

34.10

Dec 2017

34.19

Sep 2017

13.12

Jun 2004

35.37

Dec 2013

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Mongolia

24.87

Dec 2017

13.07

Sep 2017

8.58

Sep 2016

31.45

Dec 2012

%

quarterly

Dec 2010 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Montenegro

21.36

Dec 2017

19.02

Sep 2017

7.21

Jun 2012

22.95

Mar 2016

%

quarterly

Dec 2010 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Morocco

21.47

Dec 2017

20.30

Sep 2017

14.98

Sep 2012

28.56

Dec 2007

%

quarterly

Dec 2007 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
Nepal

36.23

2017

39.23

2016

15.88

2011

39.23

2016

%

yearly

2002 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-25
Netherlands

0.57

Dec 2017

0.59

Sep 2017

0.57

Dec 2017

1.83

Sep 2000

%

quarterly

Sep 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
New Zealand

9.61

Dec 2017

9.88

Sep 2017

6.40

Sep 2005

13.46

Jun 2008

%

quarterly

Sep 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Nigeria

10.57

Dec 2017

9.06

Sep 2017

5.29

Mar 2015

10.57

Dec 2017

%

quarterly

Dec 2010 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Norway

15.77

Dec 2017

15.36

Sep 2017

9.00

Dec 2012

16.24

Jun 2017

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-26
Oman

21.94

Dec 2017

23.48

Sep 2017

13.50

Dec 2006

32.08

Jun 2016

%

quarterly

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Pakistan

5.56

2017

6.31

2016

1.66

2001

10.68

2003

%

yearly

2000 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-30
Panama

3.95

Dec 2017

4.62

Sep 2017

3.95

Dec 2017

10.65

Mar 2009

%

quarterly

Dec 2007 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-25
Paraguay

24.58

Sep 2017

25.67

Jun 2017

4.84

Mar 1998

25.67

Jun 2017

%

quarterly

Dec 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-04-30
Peru

28.18

Dec 2017

29.38

Sep 2017

2.65

Dec 1990

32.42

Mar 2013

%

quarterly

Dec 1990 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-07
Philippines

22.84

Dec 2017

23.02

Sep 2017

14.18

Sep 2004

30.11

Sep 2011

%

quarterly

Jun 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-07
Poland

20.49

Dec 2017

21.17

Sep 2017

11.04

Dec 2008

23.25

Dec 2016

%

quarterly

Dec 2002 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Portugal

3.77

Dec 2017

4.26

Sep 2017

0.15

Dec 2011

7.86

Mar 2002

%

quarterly

Dec 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Qatar

7.86

Dec 2017

9.11

Sep 2017

7.86

Dec 2017

24.07

Dec 2010

%

quarterly

Dec 2010 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Romania

17.22

Dec 2017

17.60

Sep 2017

17.22

Dec 2017

26.34

Jun 2011

%

quarterly

Jun 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Russia

21.97

Dec 2017

22.46

Sep 2017

15.75

Dec 2014

25.48

Sep 2016

%

quarterly

Dec 2011 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Saudi Arabia

70.98

Dec 2017

70.22

Sep 2017

27.52

Dec 2003

95.42

Sep 2015

%

quarterly

Dec 2003 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-24
Serbia

25.15

Dec 2017

27.62

Sep 2017

13.59

Mar 2004

35.91

Dec 2006

%

quarterly

Mar 2004 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Singapore

85.68

Dec 2017

86.04

Sep 2017

77.20

Jun 2001

101.28

Mar 2004

%

quarterly

Jun 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-27
Slovakia

1.62

Dec 2017

1.43

Sep 2017

0.02

Dec 2012

35.91

Mar 2005

%

quarterly

Dec 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-30
Slovenia

0.68

Dec 2017

0.72

Sep 2017

0.43

Mar 2013

27.85

Dec 2002

%

quarterly

Dec 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-24
South Africa

12.22

Dec 2017

12.12

Sep 2017

3.48

Dec 2003

13.50

Sep 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Spain

3.70

Dec 2017

3.58

Sep 2017

0.61

Jun 2008

11.59

Dec 1997

%

quarterly

Dec 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Sri Lanka

7.98

Dec 2017

7.34

Sep 2017

5.01

Mar 2017

11.70

Jun 2011

%

quarterly

Dec 2010 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-30
Sudan

0.00

2016

0.00

2015

0.00

2016

17.34

1960

%

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-20
Sweden

9.91

Dec 2017

10.16

Sep 2017

4.76

Mar 2009

10.39

Sep 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Switzerland

112.28

Dec 2017

111.01

Sep 2017

7.91

Sep 2008

112.28

Dec 2017

%

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-14
Syria

31.63

2010

31.36

2009

0.52

2004

61.46

2005

%

yearly

1990 - 2010

Updated on 2018-04-25
Taiwan

78.16

Mar 2018

78.69

Dec 2017

24.31

Sep 1984

88.62

Dec 2009

%

quarterly

Sep 1984 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-27
Tajikistan

8.60

Dec 2017

8.66

Sep 2017

0.29

Mar 2016

9.86

Sep 2001

%

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Thailand

42.56

Dec 2017

43.32

Sep 2017

16.21

Sep 1997

49.16

Mar 2011

%

quarterly

Dec 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Tunisia

13.44

Dec 2017

13.96

Sep 2017

6.58

Mar 2002

23.17

Sep 2009

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Turkey

9.69

Dec 2017

10.63

Sep 2017

6.54

Jun 2001

11.93

Mar 2007

%

quarterly

Jun 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Ukraine

13.88

Dec 2017

13.86

Sep 2017

4.92

Dec 2014

25.73

Sep 2010

%

quarterly

Dec 2001 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
United Arab Emirates

24.20

2016

25.86

2015

2.75

1977

29.92

2007

%

yearly

1973 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-23
United Kingdom

4.88

Dec 2017

4.80

Sep 2017

1.24

Mar 2009

4.88

Dec 2017

%

quarterly

Sep 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-27
United States

0.23

Mar 2018

0.22

Dec 2017

0.00

Dec 1974

0.87

Dec 1990

%

quarterly

Mar 1961 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-27
Uruguay

26.28

Dec 2017

25.58

Sep 2017

15.71

Dec 2006

31.78

Jun 2015

%

quarterly

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-24
Venezuela

0.53

2015

0.77

2014

0.53

2015

18.69

2003

%

yearly

1997 - 2015

Updated on 2018-04-30
Vietnam

21.75

2017

17.62

2016

6.37

1995

30.36

2007

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-24
Yemen

14.50

2013

18.13

2012

0.62

1993

36.75

2003

%

yearly

1991 - 2013

Updated on 2018-04-20

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5.40

2016

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2015

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yearly

1981 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-14
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

-2.9

2017

-3.0

2016

-9.2

2009

-0.8

2015

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-24
Consumer Confidence Growth

-9.8

Apr 2018

-14.1

Mar 2018

-36.9

Sep 2009

22.6

Jun 2011

% Point

monthly

May 2002 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-04-27
Consumer Confidence: Net Balance

-23.2

Apr 2018

-24.5

Mar 2018

-63.3

Jun 2010

-10.4

Mar 2017

% Point

monthly

May 2001 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-04-27
Consumer Price Index CPI Growth

5.0

Mar 2018

4.7

Feb 2018

-3.5

May 2016

317.0

Nov 1993

%

monthly

Oct 1991 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-08
Container Port Throughput

721,339.00

2016

699,000.00

2015

556,674.00

2010

1,380,935.00

2008

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Core CPI Change

2.85

Mar 2018

2.87

Feb 2018

-1.24

May 2016

592.25

Oct 1998

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Crude Oil: Imports

153.20

2016

135.50

2015

88.30

1999

179.10

2006

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-13
Crude Oil: Production

75.50

2016

78.80

2015

75.50

2016

137.60

1995

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-13
Current Account Balance

-443.0

Feb 2018

228.1

Jan 2018

-3,645.9

May 2008

899.1

Mar 2015

USD mn

monthly

May 2002 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Current Account Balance: % of GDP

-2.5

Dec 2017

-2.6

Sep 2017

-16.9

Jun 2008

4.4

Mar 2015

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Direct Investment Abroad

-19.7

Feb 2018

24.4

Jan 2018

-986.4

May 2016

921.7

Feb 2016

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2005 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-26
Domestic Credit

88,839.8

Mar 2018

88,053.3

Feb 2018

14,859.9

Jan 2005

96,422.4

Jun 2011

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2004 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-07
Domestic Credit Growth

5.1

Mar 2018

5.0

Feb 2018

-5.3

Jul 2013

66.6

Feb 2008

%

monthly

Dec 2005 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-07
Electricity Production

5,821

Feb 2018

6,007

Jan 2018

3,704

May 2000

6,606

Aug 2015

GWh

monthly

Jan 2000 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Employed Persons

8,541,000.00

Dec 2017

8,850,000.00

Sep 2017

8,237,000.00

Mar 2015

12,136,800.00

Sep 1995

Person

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Equity Market Index

8,713.1

Apr 2018

8,714.2

Mar 2018

294.4

Sep 1998

10,262.8

Aug 2007

19Sep1997=1000

monthly

Sep 1997 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-04-30
Exchange Rate against USD

3.791

Apr 2018

3.778

Mar 2018

0.001

Jan 1973

4.282

Dec 2016

RON/USD

monthly

Jan 1957 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-04-30
Exports: ICT Goods

2,149,147.86

2016

2,221,038.59

2015

470,071.00

2001

4,903,222.53

2011

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-25
Exports: Medicament

0.00

2016

28.98

2014

0.00

2016

93.99

2013

USD th

yearly

2012 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-16
Exports: Telecommunication Equipment

1,275,027.18

2016

1,203,003.64

2015

3,561.00

1997

3,130,339.13

2011

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-15
Exports: Television

224,047.37

2016

401,923.09

2015

49.00

2000

717,688.33

2011

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-15
External Debt

117,273.7

Feb 2018

113,801.1

Jan 2018

26,841.9

Jan 2005

143,780.7

Jun 2011

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2004 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
External Debt: % of GDP

49.7

2017

54.7

2016

18.1

1995

75.5

2012

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-30
External Debt: Short Term

31,507.0

Feb 2018

31,243.2

Jan 2018

2,715.8

Jan 2005

33,615.2

Jun 2011

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2004 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

13.2

2017

13.7

2016

5.2

2004

17.2

2011

%

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Forecast: Consumer Price Index Growth

3.10

2023

3.10

2022

-1.55

2016

256.11

1993

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Current Account Balance

-12.39

2023

-11.56

2022

-24.72

2008

3.93

1988

USD bn

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth

6.26

2023

6.40

2022

-13.90

2008

25.91

2010

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: GDP PPP Per Capita

35,124.80

2023

33,268.29

2022

4,769.07

1980

35,124.80

2023

PPP Intl $

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Government Expenditure

406.10

2023

385.12

2022

0.03

1990

406.10

2023

RON bn

yearly

1990 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Government Net Debt

536.60

2023

495.81

2022

23.91

2000

536.60

2023

RON bn

yearly

2000 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Government Revenue

365.32

2023

346.16

2022

0.03

1990

365.32

2023

RON bn

yearly

1990 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Nominal GDP Per Capita

18,520.62

2023

17,229.60

2022

853.11

1992

18,520.62

2023

USD

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Population

18.93

2023

19.05

2022

18.93

2023

23.46

1990

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Real GDP Growth

3.10

2023

3.10

2022

-12.93

1991

8.36

2004

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Unemployment Rate

5.00

2023

5.00

2022

3.40

1990

10.99

1994

%

yearly

1985 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Foreign Direct Investment

567.6

Feb 2018

365.9

Jan 2018

-619.9

May 2016

3,886.5

Apr 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2005 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

1.3

Dec 2017

3.3

Sep 2017

-0.1

Dec 2010

12.7

Dec 2006

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Foreign Exchange Reserves

39,712.2

Apr 2018

41,393.5

Mar 2018

16,689.6

Apr 2005

48,689.9

Jun 2011

USD mn

monthly

Apr 2005 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

5.3

Feb 2018

5.2

Jan 2018

4.6

Nov 2017

9.9

Jan 2009

NA

monthly

Apr 2005 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Foreign Portfolio Investment

1,071.23

Dec 2017

516.38

Sep 2017

-1,417.37

Jun 2012

4,490.25

Mar 2013

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-26
GDP Deflator Growth

5.5

Dec 2017

5.5

Sep 2017

0.1

Mar 2016

144.0

Dec 1997

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
GDP per Capita

9,560.38

2016

9,003.53

2015

858.91

1992

10,450.44

2008

USD

yearly

1981 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-23
Gold Reserves

4,449.35

Apr 2018

4,419.47

Mar 2018

18.70

Jul 1987

6,042.19

Aug 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1979 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Government Debt: % of GDP

35.1

2017

37.6

2016

6.6

1995

39.4

2014

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Gross Fixed Capital Formation

12,787.11

Dec 2017

12,498.96

Sep 2017

1,511.86

Mar 1997

22,100.93

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Gross National Product

183,361.07

2016

174,193.83

2015

25,031.55

1992

204,143.94

2008

USD mn

yearly

1989 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-23
Gross Savings Rate

24.6

Dec 2017

24.4

Sep 2017

3.6

Dec 1995

33.9

Sep 1995

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
House Prices Growth

5.6

Dec 2017

6.2

Sep 2017

-17.1

Dec 2011

8.0

Dec 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2010 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Household Debt

43,386.6

Dec 2017

43,018.6

Sep 2017

31,290.5

Mar 2007

55,871.4

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2007 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Household Debt: % of GDP

19.8

2017

20.9

2016

1.5

2001

26.3

2010

%

yearly

1998 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Household Expenditure per Capita

2,817.82

2016

2,650.34

2015

739.29

2001

3,131.14

2008

USD

yearly

2001 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-23
Household Income per Capita

3,287.40

2016

3,028.18

2015

746.83

2001

3,485.06

2008

USD

yearly

2001 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-23
Imports: ICT Goods

5,480,747.85

2016

5,085,415.74

2015

1,144,090.99

2001

6,097,692.41

2011

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-25
Imports: Medicament

33,063.38

2016

41,310.25

2015

1,538.00

1997

53,917.89

2008

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-16
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

29,323.13

2016

28,946.90

2015

2,695.00

1995

29,323.13

2016

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-16
Imports: Telecommunication Equipment

2,112,314.69

2016

2,169,653.07

2015

222,874.00

1995

3,335,739.54

2011

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-15
Imports: Television

414,765.49

2016

323,401.51

2015

6,036.00

1997

515,201.94

2007

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-15
Industrial Production Index Growth

6.7

Feb 2018

8.1

Jan 2018

-11.5

Jan 2009

17.2

Apr 2013

%

monthly

Jan 2006 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Investment: % of GDP

28.0

Dec 2017

25.9

Sep 2017

10.2

Dec 1995

40.5

Sep 2007

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Labour Force Participation Rate

56.1

Sep 2017

56.6

Jun 2017

52.7

Mar 2016

67.8

Sep 1996

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-02-09
Labour Productivity Growth

4.91

Dec 2017

6.04

Sep 2017

-6.41

Jun 2009

11.94

Sep 2004

%

quarterly

Mar 2003 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Liner Shipping Connectivity Index

29.23

2017

28.87

2016

12.02

2004

29.23

2017

2004=100

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2017-09-29
Long Term Interest Rate

4.53

Mar 2018

4.49

Feb 2018

2.83

Feb 2015

11.86

Aug 2001

% pa

monthly

Jan 2001 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-12
M2 Growth

11.7

Mar 2018

13.1

Feb 2018

2.0

Jun 2011

39.9

May 2008

%

monthly

Dec 2005 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-25
Market Capitalization: % of GDP

19.2

2017

19.2

2016

0.2

1996

21.1

2006

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Minerals Production

38,014,945.00

2016

41,759,876.00

2015

38,014,945.00

2016

52,728,801.00

2009

Metric Ton

yearly

2009 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-26
Money Supply M1

55,082.77

Mar 2018

55,913.81

Feb 2018

1,583.58

Jan 2002

55,913.81

Feb 2018

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2001 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-25
Money Supply M2

92,937.07

Mar 2018

93,561.91

Feb 2018

8,109.69

Jan 2002

93,561.91

Feb 2018

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2001 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-25
Monthly Earnings

1,096

Feb 2018

1,087

Jan 2018

50

Nov 1991

1,096

Feb 2018

USD

monthly

Jan 1991 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-05-09
Motor Vehicle Production

359,250.00

Dec 2017

359,306.00

Dec 2016

68,761.00

Dec 2001

410,997.00

Dec 2013

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2001 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Motor Vehicle Registered

6,009.28

2015

5,704.69

2014

3,788.00

2006

6,009.28

2015

Unit th

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2017-06-27
Motor Vehicle Sales: Commercial Cars

29,393.41

Dec 2017

27,016.00

Dec 2016

6,238.00

Jun 2013

44,044.00

Dec 2007

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Motor Vehicle Sales: Passenger Cars

130,414.54

Dec 2017

115,004.00

Dec 2016

24,499.00

Jun 2013

312,533.00

Dec 2007

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Motor Vehicles Sales

159,808

2017

142,020

2016

71,016

2013

356,577

2007

Unit

yearly

2005 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-26
Motor Vehicles Sales Growth

12.5

2017

17.8

2016

-59.0

2009

41.3

2014

%

yearly

2006 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-26
National Government Debt

77,035.5

Jan 2018

76,979.1

Dec 2017

56,611.5

Aug 2012

77,959.8

Apr 2014

USD mn

monthly

Nov 2011 - Jan 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Natural Gas Production: OPEC: Marketed Production

9,890.00

2016

11,170.00

2015

9,890.00

2016

19,350.00

1995

Cub m mn

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-13
Natural Gas: Consumption

1.02

2016

0.96

2015

0.96

2015

3.72

1982

Cub ft/Day bn

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-14
Natural Gas: Imports

1,494.00

2016

728.00

2015

728.00

2015

7,140.00

1996

Cub m mn

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-13
New Orders Growth

15.9

Feb 2018

22.6

Jan 2018

-34.0

Jan 2009

101.3

Jan 2002

%

monthly

Jan 2001 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Nominal GDP

56,729.1

Dec 2017

55,742.6

Sep 2017

8,082.5

Mar 1997

58,117.4

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Nominal GDP Growth

12.73

Dec 2017

14.50

Sep 2017

-4.84

Sep 2009

129.60

Dec 1997

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Nominal Residential Property Price Index

94.06

Sep 2017

95.59

Jun 2017

80.31

Sep 2014

111.01

Mar 2009

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2009 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-02-28
Nominal Residential Property Price Index Growth

6.22

Sep 2017

7.21

Jun 2017

-13.97

Dec 2011

7.31

Dec 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2010 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-02-28
Non Performing Loans Ratio

6.2

Feb 2018

6.2

Jan 2018

6.2

Jan 2018

21.5

Sep 2014

%

monthly

Sep 2014 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Number of Subscriber Fixed Line

4,110,000.00

2016

4,270,000.00

2015

306,000.00

1965

4,750,000.00

2008

Unit

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Number of Subscriber Mobile

22,900,000.00

2016

23,120,000.00

2015

0.00

1992

25,100,000.00

2009

Person

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Oil Consumption

196.84

2016

190.80

2015

142.55

1965

387.13

1979

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-14
P/E ratio

12.82

2017

6.54

2016

3.98

2000

35.18

2004

NA

yearly

1997 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-26
Policy Rate

2.25

Apr 2018

2.25

Mar 2018

1.75

Dec 2017

21.25

May 2004

% pa

monthly

Jan 2003 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-04-30
Population

19.6

2016

19.8

2015

15.8

1946

23.2

1989

Person mn

yearly

1946 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-23
Private Consumption Expenditure

35,861.97

Dec 2017

35,363.65

Sep 2017

5,839.75

Mar 1997

37,219.91

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Private Consumption: % of GDP

61.1

Dec 2017

61.5

Sep 2017

56.8

Sep 1995

81.8

Jun 1996

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Public Consumption Expenditure

8,416.34

Dec 2017

8,760.63

Sep 2017

846.50

Mar 1997

9,533.91

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Public Consumption: % of GDP

14.3

Dec 2017

14.1

Sep 2017

7.8

Sep 1998

21.7

Mar 2003

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Real Effective Exchange Rate

99.1

Mar 2018

99.5

Feb 2018

45.6

Feb 1997

122.2

Jul 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Real GDP Growth

6.8

Dec 2017

8.5

Sep 2017

-7.4

Jun 2009

10.3

Jun 2008

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Real Residential Property Price Index

81.90

Dec 2017

82.66

Sep 2017

70.01

Sep 2014

119.01

Mar 2009

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2009 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Real Residential Property Price Index Growth

2.46

Dec 2017

4.67

Sep 2017

-18.72

Dec 2010

9.58

Jun 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2010 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Reserve Requirement Ratio

8.0

Apr 2018

8.0

Mar 2018

8.0

Apr 2018

20.0

Oct 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2006 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-07
Retail Sales Growth

5.2

Mar 2018

6.0

Feb 2018

-16.2

Jun 2009

32.9

May 2006

%

monthly

Jan 2001 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-04
Short Term Interest Rate

2.45

Apr 2018

2.08

Mar 2018

0.69

Sep 2016

198.37

Feb 1997

% pa

monthly

Aug 1995 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-04-30
Silver Production

3.00

2015

3.00

2014

0.00

2010

80.00

1991

Metric Ton

yearly

1986 - 2015

Updated on 2018-04-20
Teledensity: Fixed Line

20.78

2016

21.48

2015

1.58

1965

23.52

2013

Number

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Teledensity: Mobile

115.78

2016

116.32

2015

0.00

1992

121.74

2009

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Total Deposits

109,645.34

Mar 2018

111,207.80

Feb 2018

64,671.22

Jan 2007

121,981.64

Jun 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2007 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-25
Total Exports

6,733.9

Feb 2018

6,615.0

Jan 2018

1,274.5

Jan 2003

6,794.1

Nov 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2003 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Total Exports Growth

7.6

Feb 2018

15.9

Jan 2018

-27.4

Feb 2009

49.4

Jan 2011

%

monthly

Jan 2004 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Total Imports

7,822.9

Feb 2018

7,560.2

Jan 2018

1,501.6

Jan 2003

8,400.3

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2003 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-23
Total Imports Growth

5.8

Mar 2018

10.8

Feb 2018

-38.7

Apr 2009

43.1

Jan 2007

%

monthly

Jan 2004 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-10
Tourism Revenue

2,166

2016

2,097

2015

306

1999

2,626

2008

USD mn

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-26
Tourism Revenue Growth

3.3

2016

-5.8

2015

-41.8

1998

118.1

2005

%

yearly

1996 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-26
Trade Balance

-1,089.0

Feb 2018

-945.1

Jan 2018

-3,645.9

Sep 2008

53.3

Jul 1994

USD mn

monthly

Aug 1990 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-26
Unemployment Rate

4.50

Mar 2018

4.60

Feb 2018

4.50

Mar 2018

8.80

Apr 2002

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-02
Visitor Arrivals

761,600

Mar 2018

740,823

Feb 2018

310,149

Feb 2005

1,541,985

Jul 2017

Person

monthly

Jan 2004 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03
Visitor Arrivals Growth

-10.6

Mar 2018

9.0

Feb 2018

-21.2

Feb 2009

61.5

Feb 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2005 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-03