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Romania External Debt

2004 - 2017 | Monthly | USD mn | CEIC

Romania's External Debt reached 110.8 USD bn in Nov 2017, compared with 110.9 USD bn in the previous month. Romania's External Debt: USD mn data is updated monthly, available from Dec 2004 to Nov 2017. The data reached an all-time high of 143.8 USD bn in Jun 2011 and a record low of 26.8 USD bn in Jan 2005. CEIC calculates External Debt as the sum of monthly Long Term and Short Term External Debt and converts it into USD. The National Bank of Romania provides External Debt in EUR based on BPM6. Federal Reserve Board average market exchange rate is used for currency conversions. External Debt prior to January 2008 is based on BPM5.

In the latest reports of Romania, Current Account recorded a deficit of 494.4 USD mn in Nov 2017. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 266.6 USD mn in Nov 2017. Romania's Direct Investment Abroad fell by 18.8 USD mn in Nov 2017. Its Foreign Portfolio Investment increased by 516.4 USD mn in Sep 2017. The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 55.6 USD bn in Sep 2017.

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What was Romania's External Debt in Nov 2017?

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

110,845.7

Nov 2017

110,850.5

Oct 2017

26,841.9

Jan 2005

143,780.7

Jun 2011

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2004 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018

View Romania's External Debt from Dec 2004 to Nov 2017 in the chart:

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External Debt: USD mn: Monthly: Romania

Series Details
Series ID

358737747

Name

External Debt: USD mn: Monthly: Romania

Country

Romania

Frequency

Monthly

Unit

USD mn

Status

Active

Source

CEIC Generate

First Date

Dec 2004

Last Date

Nov 2017

Last Updated

15 Jan 2018

Statistics
Mean

99,596.92

Variance

1,072,290,468.37

Standard deviation

32,745.85

Skewness

-0.87

Kurtosis

-0.36

Coefficient variation

0.33

Median

103,628.88

Max
Jun 2011

NaN

Min
Jan 2005

NaN

Previous observation
Oct 2017

110,850.47

Last observation
Nov 2017

110,845.70

Number of Observations

156

Get This Data

More Countries for External Debt

Country Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
United States

18,941,472.0

Sep 2017

18,623,967.0

Jun 2017

6,570,168.0

Jun 2003

18,941,472.0

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Jun 2003 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Canada

1,860,758.4

Sep 2017

1,770,095.2

Jun 2017

570,262.5

Dec 2002

1,860,758.4

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2002 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
France

5,726,204.4

Sep 2017

5,361,559.5

Jun 2017

2,372,278.1

Jun 2004

6,021,215.6

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Jun 2004 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Germany

5,437,898.5

Sep 2017

5,141,211.1

Jun 2017

1,897,496.4

Jun 1999

6,275,169.4

Sep 2011

USD mn

quarterly

Jun 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Italy

2,487,338.9

Sep 2017

2,324,422.2

Jun 2017

1,066,089.4

Dec 2002

2,956,487.7

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2002 - Sep 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Japan

3,678,085.4

Sep 2017

3,516,580.9

Jun 2017

1,207,493.9

Sep 2003

3,678,085.4

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2003 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
United Kingdom

8,142,607.7

Sep 2017

7,910,183.7

Jun 2017

871,359.4

Mar 1987

12,071,563.9

Mar 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1987 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Austria

668,844.9

Sep 2017

639,365.7

Jun 2017

152,716.3

Mar 1997

929,679.3

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Belgium

1,324,330.3

Sep 2017

1,266,937.4

Jun 2017

1,149,731.5

Dec 2015

1,896,344.0

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2007 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Bulgaria

38,229.9

Oct 2017

39,085.5

Sep 2017

10,036.4

Jul 1999

55,514.6

Nov 2009

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Cyprus

126,072.4

Sep 2017

119,672.0

Jun 2017

110,605.1

Sep 2015

205,503.1

Jun 2010

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Czech Republic

205,287.4

Sep 2017

195,118.2

Jun 2017

9,604.9

Dec 1993

205,287.4

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Denmark

518,423.4

Sep 2017

491,616.7

Jun 2017

361,399.7

Dec 2005

640,240.7

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2005 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Estonia

22,427.2

Sep 2017

20,829.7

Jun 2017

1,176.2

Mar 1996

28,777.5

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Finland

508,252.9

Sep 2017

473,757.0

Jun 2017

75,819.4

Sep 1991

612,610.8

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1991 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Greece

488,694.8

Sep 2017

471,666.2

Jun 2017

193,911.9

Dec 2003

616,879.7

Dec 2009

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2003 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Hungary

156,790.1

Sep 2017

148,231.5

Jun 2017

112,577.1

Mar 2006

249,159.8

Dec 2009

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Iceland

21,310.1

Sep 2017

24,481.6

Jun 2017

3,133.4

Dec 1989

146,571.2

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 1989 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Ireland

2,389,112.2

Sep 2017

2,236,431.0

Jun 2017

521,995.4

Dec 2002

2,594,766.8

Dec 2009

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2002 - Sep 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Latvia

44,122.6

Sep 2017

41,146.8

Jun 2017

4,058.0

Mar 2000

45,391.5

Sep 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Lithuania

39,492.0

Sep 2017

36,427.7

Jun 2017

2,385.7

Dec 1996

39,492.0

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Luxembourg

4,156,456.3

Sep 2017

3,972,207.8

Jun 2017

678,316.9

Dec 2002

4,266,544.1

Mar 2015

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2002 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Malta

105,249.6

Sep 2017

96,252.1

Jun 2017

22,903.5

Mar 2004

120,929.8

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2004 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Bolivia

7,267.8

2016

6,612.7

2015

2,207.9

2007

7,267.8

2016

USD mn

yearly

1990 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Netherlands

4,568,662.6

Sep 2017

4,322,472.4

Jun 2017

2,049,906.5

Sep 2003

4,897,488.6

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Jun 2003 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Norway

664,442.7

Sep 2017

626,827.0

Jun 2017

210,023.1

Sep 2003

760,344.1

Sep 2011

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2003 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Brazil

553,230.8

Sep 2017

544,723.5

Jun 2017

177,659.1

Jun 2006

560,577.2

Dec 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Poland

369,450.0

Sep 2017

364,965.0

Jun 2017

59,532.4

Jun 1999

393,406.0

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Chile

175,754.6

Nov 2017

175,753.7

Oct 2017

24,363.0

Mar 1996

175,754.6

Nov 2017

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1995 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Portugal

477,835.7

Sep 2017

447,021.7

Jun 2017

72,413.8

Jun 1996

584,308.8

Dec 2009

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Colombia

124,218.5

Sep 2017

124,730.7

Aug 2017

36,431.0

Jan 2001

124,730.7

Aug 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2001 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Romania

110,845.7

Nov 2017

110,850.5

Oct 2017

26,841.9

Jan 2005

143,780.7

Jun 2011

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2004 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Slovakia

95,916.3

Sep 2017

86,629.8

Jun 2017

2,427.3

Jun 1993

95,916.3

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Slovenia

51,044.5

Nov 2017

51,062.5

Oct 2017

7,883.1

Mar 2001

64,173.5

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2001 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Ecuador

39,488.1

Nov 2017

39,180.3

Oct 2017

10,425.1

Jan 1994

39,488.1

Nov 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1994 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Mexico

447,687.8

Sep 2017

439,669.3

Jun 2017

157,693.2

Sep 2003

447,687.8

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2002 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Spain

2,246,899.1

Sep 2017

2,117,756.8

Jun 2017

378,727.5

Jun 2000

2,561,528.5

Dec 2009

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Panama

18,280.3

Nov 2017

18,265.5

Oct 2017

6,586.2

Sep 2004

18,280.3

Nov 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jul 2004 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Sweden

1,018,028.4

Sep 2017

936,965.6

Jun 2017

259,972.9

Jun 1999

1,147,128.0

Mar 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Switzerland

1,823,837.4

Sep 2017

1,756,216.3

Jun 2017

489,744.1

Jun 2000

1,823,837.4

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Uruguay

39,111.8

Sep 2017

38,450.4

Jun 2017

12,366.7

Jun 2003

43,489.2

Jun 2015

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Venezuela

110,878.0

Sep 2015

108,931.0

Jun 2015

33,589.0

Sep 1998

130,362.0

Mar 2013

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Sep 2015

Updated on Jan 2017
Algeria

3,962.0

Jun 2017

3,773.0

Mar 2017

3,021.0

Dec 2015

5,859.0

Sep 2010

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2007 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Australia

1,617,558.9

Sep 2017

1,555,453.9

Jun 2017

117,705.8

Sep 1988

1,663,050.6

Sep 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Sep 1988 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Bangladesh

25,963.0

2016

23,901.0

2015

14,373.0

1997

25,963.0

2016

USD mn

yearly

1997 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Cambodia

10,562.7

Sep 2017

10,171.3

Jun 2017

2,946.6

Mar 2010

12,098.8

Mar 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2010 - Sep 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
China

1,679,970.2

Sep 2017

1,562,800.0

Jun 2017

182,569.0

Jun 2003

1,779,932.5

Dec 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Jun 2003 - Sep 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Botswana

1,647.1

2017

1,619.3

2016

313.8

2009

2,042.3

2012

USD mn

yearly

1994 - 2017

Updated on 2017
Hong Kong

1,512,331.2

Sep 2017

1,498,882.5

Jun 2017

347,204.7

Jun 2003

1,512,331.2

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
India

495,686.0

Sep 2017

485,671.0

Jun 2017

96,392.0

Sep 2000

495,686.0

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Sep 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Israel

87,733.4

2016

85,917.1

2015

58,114.5

1998

111,857.8

2010

USD mn

yearly

1998 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Indonesia

343,128.3

Sep 2017

335,389.5

Jun 2017

119,594.1

Sep 2006

343,128.3

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2003 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Jordan

28,027.8

Sep 2017

27,759.2

Jun 2017

11,516.8

Dec 2006

28,027.8

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2006 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
South Korea

409,127.3

Sep 2017

407,340.7

Jun 2017

80,766.4

Dec 1994

452,718.0

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Malawi

1,556.4

2014

1,332.6

2013

531.9

2007

1,556.4

2014

USD mn

yearly

2007 - 2014

Updated on 2017
Malaysia

205,153.9

Sep 2017

202,572.4

Jun 2017

100,526.4

Mar 2009

232,985.3

Sep 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2009 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Laos

5,994.4

2016

5,692.2

2015

769.6

1996

5,994.4

2016

USD mn

yearly

1996 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Myanmar

6,453.0

2016

6,657.4

2015

55.3

1970

8,216.7

2010

USD mn

yearly

1970 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Nepal

3,655.4

2016

3,450.2

2015

2,493.9

1999

3,844.6

2008

USD mn

yearly

1999 - 2016

Updated on 2018
New Zealand

197,688.2

Sep 2017

187,216.5

Jun 2017

35,485.1

Mar 1993

207,475.7

Sep 2011

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Pakistan

85,051.8

Sep 2017

82,980.7

Jun 2017

37,228.8

Jun 2006

85,051.8

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Jun 2006 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Philippines

72,368.0

Sep 2017

72,493.0

Jun 2017

60,486.0

Jun 2006

79,949.4

Dec 2012

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Singapore

1,371,240.2

Sep 2017

1,315,753.1

Jun 2017

488,300.5

Jun 2003

1,404,915.3

Sep 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Jun 2003 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Sri Lanka

50,202.3

Sep 2017

49,242.4

Jun 2017

37,098.1

Dec 2012

50,202.3

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2012 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Taiwan

176,058.0

Sep 2017

170,138.0

Jun 2017

31,705.0

Jun 2001

191,703.0

Sep 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Jun 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Thailand

148,338.4

Sep 2017

140,277.9

Jun 2017

49,945.5

Jun 2004

148,338.4

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Vietnam

50,937.7

2015

48,052.7

2014

9,413.3

2002

50,937.7

2015

USD mn

yearly

2002 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Albania

9,204.0

Sep 2017

8,636.1

Jun 2017

1,510.3

Dec 2003

9,204.0

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2003 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Armenia

9,902.8

Sep 2017

9,943.1

Jun 2017

1,536.2

Mar 2002

9,953.1

Dec 2016

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2002 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Azerbaijan

7,172.6

Jun 2017

6,913.2

Dec 2016

1,270.0

Dec 2001

7,650.7

Sep 2016

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2001 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Belarus

39,557.0

Sep 2017

38,975.4

Jun 2017

1,671.0

Sep 1996

40,801.8

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Bosnia and Herzegovina

4,716.6

Jun 2017

4,764.2

Mar 2017

1,804.0

Dec 2000

5,630.3

Sep 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Croatia

46,467.1

Sep 2017

47,336.6

Aug 2017

9,814.6

May 1999

70,907.1

Apr 2011

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1998 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Georgia

16,712.7

Sep 2017

16,521.2

Jun 2017

2,178.9

Sep 2000

16,712.7

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Kazakhstan

168,927.8

Sep 2017

167,952.0

Jun 2017

12,634.6

Dec 2000

168,927.8

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Kyrgyzstan

7,906.3

Jun 2017

7,913.7

Mar 2017

2,412.3

Mar 2006

8,080.7

Jun 2016

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2005 - Jun 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Macedonia

9,102.7

Sep 2017

8,887.1

Jun 2017

2,799.0

Mar 2006

9,102.7

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2005 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Moldova

6,743.0

Sep 2017

6,557.6

Jun 2017

1,678.3

Dec 2001

6,827.6

Sep 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Mongolia

26,023.6

Sep 2017

25,214.9

Jun 2017

1,494.4

Dec 2006

26,023.6

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2006 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Mauritius

186,264.6

Sep 2017

179,005.9

Jun 2017

138,116.7

Jun 2010

232,371.0

Jun 2012

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2009 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Montenegro

2,707.1

2016

2,659.8

2015

0.0

2005

3,061.0

2013

USD mn

yearly

1970 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Russia

536,659.0

Sep 2017

532,633.0

Jun 2017

146,300.0

Dec 2001

732,779.0

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Serbia

30,587.6

Sep 2017

27,965.5

Jun 2017

10,893.0

Jun 2004

35,085.5

Mar 2013

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2003 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Tajikistan

2,274.1

2016

2,194.5

2015

866.3

2006

2,274.1

2016

USD mn

yearly

1999 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Turkey

437,996.5

Sep 2017

433,108.9

Jun 2017

43,910.7

Dec 1989

437,996.5

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 1989 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Ukraine

117,350.0

Sep 2017

114,985.0

Jun 2017

23,811.0

Dec 2003

142,079.0

Dec 2013

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2003 - Sep 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Morocco

50,414.6

Sep 2017

48,259.0

Jun 2017

17,870.3

Dec 2006

50,414.6

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2006 - Sep 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Nigeria

15,352.1

Sep 2017

15,047.0

Jun 2017

3,287.7

Mar 2007

15,352.1

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2006 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Qatar

103,900.0

2010

83,800.0

2009

13,355.0

2003

103,900.0

2010

USD mn

yearly

2000 - 2010

Updated on 2017
South Africa

163,311.0

Sep 2017

158,533.0

Jun 2017

21,185.0

Dec 1988

163,311.0

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 1985 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Sudan

45,400.0

2016

43,900.0

2015

20,793.0

2001

45,400.0

2016

USD mn

yearly

2001 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Tunisia

25,124.7

2012

24,117.0

2011

13,305.7

2002

25,124.7

2012

USD mn

yearly

2002 - 2012

Updated on 2016
Yemen

7,191.5

Jan 2015

7,259.4

Dec 2014

5,168.7

Dec 2005

7,452.3

Jun 2014

USD mn

monthly

Aug 2005 - Jan 2015

Updated on Jan 2017
Egypt

79,032.8

Jun 2017

73,888.6

Mar 2017

26,132.5

Mar 2001

79,032.8

Jun 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Jun 1997 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Ivory Coast

11,344.1

2016

11,363.0

2015

373.5

1970

19,523.6

1996

USD mn

yearly

1970 - 2016

Updated on 2017
European Union

16,098,214.7

Sep 2017

15,201,566.2

Jun 2017

14,113,961.9

Mar 2009

16,549,657.8

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Sep 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Kenya

22,402.5

Sep 2017

22,304.7

Aug 2017

4,218.8

Dec 1999

22,402.5

Sep 2017

USD mn

monthly

Sep 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Iran

8,481.0

2017

7,475.5

2016

5,107.2

2015

28,647.1

2008

USD mn

yearly

1994 - 2017

Updated on 2017
Lebanon

27,796.0

2016

26,774.0

2015

14,314.0

2002

27,796.0

2016

USD mn

yearly

2002 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Kosovo

2,425.4

Sep 2017

2,317.5

Jun 2017

1,758.5

Mar 2012

2,425.4

Sep 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2011 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017

More Indicators for Romania

Indicator Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Government Debt: % of GDP

37.6

2016

38.0

2015

6.6

1995

39.4

2014

%

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Business Confidence: Net Balance

2.7

Nov 2017

2.6

Oct 2017

-22.2

Sep 1992

27.3

Jun 1996

% Point

monthly

Jul 1991 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Foreign Direct Investment

472.6

Oct 2017

811.3

Sep 2017

-619.9

May 2016

3,886.5

Apr 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2005 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Total Imports Growth

11.8

Nov 2017

16.9

Oct 2017

-38.7

Apr 2009

43.1

Jan 2007

%

monthly

Jan 2004 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Money Supply M2

86,054.80

Nov 2017

86,289.88

Oct 2017

8,109.69

Jan 2002

86,289.88

Oct 2017

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2001 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Government Revenue

354.92

2022

333.45

2021

0.03

1990

354.92

2022

RON bn

yearly

1990 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Production

359,306.00

Dec 2016

201,167.00

Jun 2016

68,761.00

Dec 2001

410,997.00

Dec 2013

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2001 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
Teledensity: Fixed Line

19.10

2016

19.79

2015

1.61

1965

21.75

2013

Number

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Real GDP Growth

8.6

Sep 2017

6.1

Jun 2017

-8.2

Sep 2009

10.3

Jun 2008

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Labour Productivity Growth

0.88

Jun 2017

4.77

Mar 2017

-7.22

Jun 2009

11.94

Sep 2004

%

quarterly

Mar 2003 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Domestic Credit Growth

6.4

Nov 2017

6.8

Oct 2017

-5.3

Jul 2013

66.6

Feb 2008

%

monthly

Dec 2005 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Market Capitalization: % of GDP

19.2

2016

20.5

2015

0.2

1996

21.1

2006

%

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Total Imports

8,112.3

Nov 2017

8,330.3

Oct 2017

1,501.6

Jan 2003

8,400.3

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2003 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

3.88

Nov 2017

3.53

Oct 2017

-7.58

May 2016

369.34

Feb 1992

%

monthly

Oct 1991 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Nominal GDP Per Capita

14,586.88

2022

14,417.04

2021

853.11

1992

14,586.88

2022

USD

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Public Consumption: % of GDP

14.0

Sep 2017

15.6

Jun 2017

7.8

Sep 1998

21.7

Mar 2003

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Retail Sales Growth

12.9

Oct 2017

12.8

Sep 2017

-17.1

Jun 2009

29.6

Mar 2007

%

monthly

Jan 2001 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Equity Market Index

7,753.7

Dec 2017

7,796.2

Nov 2017

294.4

Sep 1998

10,262.8

Aug 2007

19Sep1997=1000

monthly

Sep 1997 - Dec 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Domestic Credit

84,714.0

Nov 2017

85,028.3

Oct 2017

14,859.9

Jan 2005

96,422.4

Jun 2011

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2004 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Non Performing Loans Ratio

7.3

Nov 2017

7.6

Oct 2017

7.3

Nov 2017

21.5

Sep 2014

%

monthly

Sep 2014 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Visitor Arrivals

957,300

Oct 2017

1,181,670

Sep 2017

310,149

Feb 2005

1,541,985

Jul 2017

Person

monthly

Jan 2004 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Core CPI Change

1.78

Nov 2017

1.11

Oct 2017

-1.24

May 2016

592.25

Oct 1998

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Government Expenditure

400.72

2022

379.56

2021

0.03

1990

400.72

2022

RON bn

yearly

1990 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Sales: Commercial Cars

27,016.00

Dec 2016

12,462.00

Jun 2016

6,238.00

Jun 2013

44,044.00

Dec 2007

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
Crude Oil: Production

75.50

2016

78.80

2015

75.50

2016

137.60

1995

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Population

19.6

2016

19.8

2015

15.8

1946

23.2

1989

Person mn

yearly

1946 - 2016

Updated on 2018
Capital Adequacy Ratio

19.0

Sep 2017

19.8

Jun 2017

11.8

Sep 2008

19.8

Jun 2017

%

quarterly

Dec 2006 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Household Debt: % of GDP

20.9

2016

19.7

2015

1.5

2001

27.0

2009

%

yearly

1998 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Short Term Interest Rate

2.20

Nov 2017

1.87

Oct 2017

0.69

Sep 2016

198.37

Feb 1997

% pa

monthly

Aug 1995 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Gold Reserves

4,275.38

Dec 2017

4,278.25

Nov 2017

18.70

Jul 1987

6,042.19

Aug 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1979 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Forecast: Government Net Debt

544.37

2022

498.62

2021

23.91

2000

544.37

2022

RON bn

yearly

2000 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Sales: Passenger Cars

115,004.00

Dec 2016

35,158.00

Jun 2016

24,499.00

Jun 2013

312,533.00

Dec 2007

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
GDP Deflator Growth

5.1

Sep 2017

4.0

Jun 2017

0.2

Jun 2015

144.0

Dec 1997

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Unemployment Rate

4.70

Nov 2017

4.90

Oct 2017

4.70

Nov 2017

8.80

Apr 2002

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Direct Investment Abroad

-18.8

Nov 2017

-18.8

Oct 2017

-986.4

May 2016

921.7

Feb 2016

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2005 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Long Term Interest Rate

4.43

Nov 2017

4.17

Oct 2017

2.83

Feb 2015

11.86

Aug 2001

% pa

monthly

Jan 2001 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Total Exports

6,794.0

Nov 2017

6,773.0

Oct 2017

1,274.5

Jan 2003

6,794.0

Nov 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2003 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Bank Lending Rate

4.56

Oct 2017

3.91

Sep 2017

3.51

Sep 2016

21.19

Jan 2009

% pa

monthly

Dec 2005 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
New Orders Growth

19.5

Oct 2017

5.2

Sep 2017

-34.0

Jan 2009

101.3

Jan 2002

%

monthly

Jan 2001 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Consumer Confidence: Net Balance

-25.1

Dec 2017

-22.2

Nov 2017

-63.3

Jun 2010

-10.4

Mar 2017

% Point

monthly

May 2001 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
External Debt: % of GDP

54.7

2016

57.4

2015

0.0

1971

75.5

2012

%

yearly

1970 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Producer Price Index Growth

4.4

Nov 2017

3.9

Oct 2017

-3.4

Mar 2016

251.3

Apr 1994

%

monthly

Jan 1994 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Trade Balance

-1,318.3

Nov 2017

-1,557.3

Oct 2017

-3,645.9

Sep 2008

53.3

Jul 1994

USD mn

monthly

Aug 1990 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Forecast: GDP PPP Per Capita

31,690.01

2022

30,102.67

2021

4,792.97

1980

31,690.01

2022

PPP Intl $

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Natural Gas: Consumption

1.02

2016

0.96

2015

0.96

2015

3.72

1982

Cub ft/Day bn

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017
House Prices Growth

6.2

Sep 2017

7.2

Jun 2017

-17.1

Dec 2011

8.0

Dec 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2010 - Sep 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Consumer Confidence Growth

-7.7

Dec 2017

-7.1

Nov 2017

-36.9

Sep 2009

22.6

Jun 2011

% Point

monthly

May 2002 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Exchange Rate against USD

3.919

Dec 2017

3.947

Nov 2017

0.001

Jan 1973

4.282

Dec 2016

RON/USD

monthly

Jan 1957 - Dec 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves

38,253.7

Dec 2017

37,437.5

Nov 2017

16,689.6

Apr 2005

48,689.9

Jun 2011

USD mn

monthly

Apr 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Visitor Arrivals Growth

20.3

Nov 2017

25.5

Oct 2017

-21.2

Feb 2009

61.5

Feb 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2005 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Forecast: Real GDP Growth

3.28

2022

3.29

2021

-12.93

1991

8.46

2008

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Silver Production

0.00

2014

0.00

2013

0.00

2014

80.00

1991

Metric Ton

yearly

1986 - 2014

Updated on 2016
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

-3.0

2016

-0.8

2015

-9.5

2009

-0.8

2015

%

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Consumer Price Index CPI Growth

3.3

Dec 2017

3.2

Nov 2017

-3.5

May 2016

317.0

Nov 1993

%

monthly

Oct 1991 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Real Effective Exchange Rate

98.3

Nov 2017

98.6

Oct 2017

45.6

Feb 1997

122.2

Jul 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Gross National Product

174,129.10

2015

197,524.01

2014

25,031.55

1992

204,143.94

2008

USD mn

yearly

1989 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Gross Savings Rate

25.6

Sep 2017

20.2

Jun 2017

3.6

Dec 1995

33.9

Sep 1995

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Labour Force Participation Rate

56.6

Jun 2017

52.9

Mar 2017

52.7

Mar 2016

67.8

Sep 1996

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Jun 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Current Account Balance: % of GDP

-2.9

Sep 2017

-5.2

Jun 2017

-17.4

Jun 2008

4.4

Mar 2015

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
M2 Growth

11.8

Apr/2017

12.2

Mar/2017

2.0

Jun/2011

39.9

May/2008

%

monthly

Dec/2005 - Apr/2017

Updated on May/2017
Reserve Requirement Ratio

8.0

Dec 2017

8.0

Nov 2017

8.0

Dec 2017

20.0

Oct 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2006 - Dec 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Private Consumption Expenditure

34,716.35

Sep 2017

31,221.10

Jun 2017

5,849.49

Mar 1997

36,333.69

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Crude Oil: Imports

153.20

2016

135.50

2015

88.30

1999

179.10

2006

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Coal Production

4.29

2016

4.71

2015

4.29

2016

12.59

1988

TOE mn

yearly

1981 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Investment: % of GDP

27.5

Sep 2017

22.3

Jun 2017

10.2

Dec 1995

40.4

Sep 2007

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Business Confidence Growth

1.9

Nov 2017

2.0

Oct 2017

-38.6

Jun 1997

33.7

Jun 1995

% Point

monthly

Jul 1992 - Nov 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

3.1

Sep 2017

1.1

Jun 2017

-0.1

Dec 2010

12.7

Dec 2006

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Policy Rate

1.75

Dec 2017

1.75

Nov 2017

1.75

Dec 2017

21.25

May 2004

% pa

monthly

Jan 2003 - Dec 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Gross Fixed Capital Formation

12,339.81

Sep 2017

11,443.64

Jun 2017

1,555.85

Mar 1997

22,264.04

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Current Account Balance

-8.41

2022

-7.98

2021

-24.72

2008

3.93

1988

USD bn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Unemployment Rate

6.00

2022

6.00

2021

3.40

1990

10.99

1994

%

yearly

1985 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Aluminum: Exports

761,339.51

2016

837,362.32

2015

191,818.00

1996

862,904.96

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Industrial Production Index Growth

9.5

Nov 2017

9.9

Oct 2017

-11.5

Jan 2009

16.8

Mar 2007

%

monthly

Jan 2006 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Household Expenditure per Capita

2,817.82

2016

2,650.34

2015

739.29

2001

3,131.14

2008

USD

yearly

2001 - 2016

Updated on 2017
External Debt: Short Term

29,403.4

Nov 2017

29,083.9

Oct 2017

2,715.8

Jan 2005

33,615.2

Jun 2011

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2004 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
P/E ratio

12.82

2017

6.54

2016

3.98

2000

35.18

2004

NA

yearly

1997 - 2017

Updated on 2018
Tourism Revenue

2,097

2015

2,225

2014

306

1999

2,626

2008

USD mn

yearly

1995 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Employed Persons

8,850,000.00

Sep 2017

8,967,000.00

Jun 2017

8,237,000.00

Mar 2015

12,136,800.00

Sep 1995

Person

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Motor Vehicles Sales Growth

17.8

2016

20.2

2015

-59.0

2009

41.3

2014

%

yearly

2006 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Consumer Price Index Growth

2.52

2022

2.64

2021

-1.55

2016

256.11

1993

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth

6.20

2022

6.16

2021

-15.56

2008

26.14

2010

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Imports: Telecommunication Equipment

2,112,314.69

2016

2,169,653.07

2015

222,874.00

1995

3,335,739.54

2011

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Television

414,765.49

2016

323,401.51

2015

6,036.00

1997

515,201.94

2007

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Number of Subscriber Mobile

22,900,000.00

2016

23,120,000.00

2015

0.00

1992

25,100,000.00

2009

Person

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Oil Consumption

196.84

2016

190.80

2015

142.55

1965

387.13

1979

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Natural Gas: Imports

1,494.00

2016

728.00

2015

728.00

2015

7,140.00

1996

Cub m mn

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Container Port Throughput

721,339.00

2016

699,000.00

2015

556,674.00

2010

1,380,935.00

2008

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Liner Shipping Connectivity Index

29.23

2017

28.87

2016

12.02

2004

29.23

2017

2004=100

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2017
Exports: Medicament

0.00

2016

28.98

2014

0.00

2016

93.99

2013

USD th

yearly

2012 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Medicament

33,063.38

2016

41,310.25

2015

1,538.00

1997

53,917.89

2008

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Coal Consumption

5.40

2016

5.91

2015

4.36

1965

17.52

1988

TOE mn

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017
GDP per Capita

9,560.38

2016

9,003.53

2015

858.91

1992

10,185.10

2008

USD

yearly

1981 - 2016

Updated on 2018
Private Consumption: % of GDP

60.4

Sep 2017

64.2

Jun 2017

56.8

Sep 1995

81.8

Jun 1996

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Total Deposits

104,739.87

Nov 2017

106,082.79

Oct 2017

64,671.22

Jan 2007

121,981.64

Jun 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2007 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Imports: ICT Goods

5,085,415.74

2015

5,518,102.05

2014

1,144,090.99

2001

6,097,692.41

2011

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Exports: Telecommunication Equipment

1,275,027.18

2016

1,203,003.64

2015

3,561.00

1997

3,130,339.13

2011

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Exports: Television

224,047.37

2016

401,923.09

2015

49.00

2000

717,688.33

2011

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Nominal Residential Property Price Index

95.59

Jun 2017

91.15

Mar 2017

80.31

Sep 2014

111.01

Mar 2009

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2009 - Jun 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Nominal Residential Property Price Index Growth

7.21

Jun 2017

5.12

Mar 2017

-13.97

Dec 2011

7.31

Dec 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2010 - Jun 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Real Residential Property Price Index

84.43

Jun 2017

80.91

Mar 2017

70.01

Sep 2014

119.01

Mar 2009

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2009 - Jun 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Real Residential Property Price Index Growth

6.45

Jun 2017

4.98

Mar 2017

-18.72

Dec 2010

9.58

Jun 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2010 - Jun 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Number of Subscriber Fixed Line

4,110,000.00

2016

4,270,000.00

2015

306,000.00

1965

4,750,000.00

2008

Unit

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Teledensity: Mobile

106.43

2016

107.14

2015

0.00

1992

114.54

2009

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Natural Gas Production: OPEC: Marketed Production

9,890.00

2016

11,170.00

2015

9,890.00

2016

19,350.00

1995

Cub m mn

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

29,323.13

2016

28,946.90

2015

2,695.00

1995

29,323.13

2016

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Minerals Production

41,759,876.00

2015

39,300,427.00

2014

39,300,427.00

2014

52,728,801.00

2009

Metric Ton

yearly

2009 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Building Permits

4,509.00

Oct 2017

4,704.00

Sep 2017

1,355.00

Jan 2004

7,573.00

Dec 2006

Unit

monthly

Jan 2004 - Oct 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
National Government Debt

76,890.4

Oct 2017

76,584.3

Sep 2017

56,611.5

Aug 2012

77,959.8

Apr 2014

USD mn

monthly

Nov 2011 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Monthly Earnings

869

Nov 2017

852

Oct 2017

50

Nov 1991

869

Nov 2017

USD

monthly

Jan 1991 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Nominal GDP

55,101.7

Sep 2017

50,566.9

Jun 2017

8,081.9

Mar 1997

56,478.4

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Household Income per Capita

3,287.40

2016

3,028.18

2015

746.83

2001

3,485.06

2008

USD

yearly

2001 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Current Account Balance

-891.0

Oct 2017

-506.3

Sep 2017

-3,645.9

May 2008

899.1

Mar 2015

USD mn

monthly

May 2002 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Electricity Production

5,185

Oct 2017

4,745

Sep 2017

3,704

May 2000

6,606

Aug 2015

GWh

monthly

Jan 2000 - Oct 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

13.7

2016

12.9

2015

5.2

2004

17.1

2011

%

yearly

2004 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Household Debt

43,018.6

Sep 2017

39,606.6

Jun 2017

31,290.5

Mar 2007

55,871.4

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2007 - Sep 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Motor Vehicles Sales

142,020

2016

120,591

2015

71,016

2013

356,577

2007

Unit

yearly

2005 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

4.6

Nov 2017

4.6

Oct 2017

4.6

Nov 2017

9.9

Jan 2009

NA

monthly

Apr 2005 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Foreign Portfolio Investment

516.38

Sep 2017

1,808.22

Jun 2017

-1,417.37

Jun 2012

4,490.25

Mar 2013

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Sep 2017

Updated on Nov 2017
Total Exports Growth

8.9

Nov 2017

13.3

Oct 2017

-27.4

Feb 2009

47.7

Jan 2011

%

monthly

Jan 2004 - Nov 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Tourism Revenue Growth

-5.8

2015

8.6

2014

-41.8

1998

118.1

2005

%

yearly

1996 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Nominal GDP Growth

14.10

Sep 2017

10.40

Jun 2017

-5.81

Sep 2009

129.68

Dec 1997

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Sep 2017

Updated on Jan 2018
Public Consumption Expenditure

7,860.20

Sep 2017

7,516.17

Jun 2017

833.94

Mar 1997

9,273.58

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Money Supply M1

51,419.20

Nov 2017

51,761.44

Oct 2017

1,583.58

Jan 2002

51,809.34

Sep 2017

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2001 - Nov 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

17.68

Sep 2017

19.22

Jun 2017

17.68

Sep 2017

26.17

Jun 2011

%

quarterly

Jun 2005 - Sep 2017

Updated on Dec 2017
Forecast: Population

19.75

2022

19.75

2021

19.75

2022

23.46

1990

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicle Registered

6,009.28

2015

5,704.69

2014

3,788.00

2006

6,009.28

2015

Unit th

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Exports: ICT Goods

2,221,038.59

2015

2,678,106.84

2014

470,071.00

2001

4,903,222.53

2011

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2015

Updated on 2017