Explore our Data

Submit

Romania Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

1995 - 2017 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Romania's Consolidated Fiscal Balance recorded a deficit equal to 2.9 % of its Nominal GDP in Dec 2017, compared with a deficit equal to 2.9 % in the previous year. Romania's Consolidated Fiscal Balance to GDP data is updated yearly, available from Dec 1995 to Dec 2017, with an average ratio of -2.9 %. The data reached an all-time high of -0.7 % in Dec 2015 and a record low of -9.1 % in Dec 2009. CEIC calculates Consolidated Fiscal Balance as % of Nominal GDP from annual Consolidated Fiscal Balance and annual Nominal GDP. The National Institute of Statistics provides Consolidated Fiscal Balance in local currency and Nominal GDP in local currency. Consolidated Fiscal Balance as % of Nominal GDP prior to 2010 is sourced from Eurostat.

In the latest reports, Romania's National Government Debt reached 77.3 USD bn in Aug 2018. Romania's Nominal GDP reached 59.6 USD bn in Jun 2018.

CEIC only displays a select group of indicators on our website.
Explore the complete set of 4 million+ time series by registering for a free trial.

What was Romania's Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP in 2017?

Last

-2.9

2017
Previous

-3.0

2016
Min

-9.2

2009
Max

-0.8

2015
Unit

%

Frequency

yearly

Range

1995 - 2017

Updated on 06 Jul 2018
Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

-2.9

2017

-3.0

2016

-9.2

2009

-0.8

2015

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 06 Jul 2018

View Romania's Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP from 1995 to 2017 in the chart:

Romania Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

Series Details
Series ID

256307803

Name

Romania Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

Country

Romania

Frequency

Yearly

Unit

%

Status

Active

Source

CEIC Data

First Date

1995

Last Date

2017

Last Updated

06 Jul 2018

Statistics
Mean

-3.3

Variance

4.2

Standard deviation

2.0

Skewness

-1.2

Kurtosis

1.8

Coefficient variation

-0.6

Median

-3.0

Max
2015

-0.8

Min
2009

-9.2

Previous observation
2016

-3.0

Last observation
2017

-2.9

Number of Observations

23

Get This Data

More Countries/Regions for Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

Country/Region Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Albania

-2.0

2017

-1.8

2016

-12.7

1997

-1.8

2016

%

yearly

1997 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Algeria

-13.7

2016

-15.7

2015

-15.7

2015

13.6

2006

%

yearly

1994 - 2016

Updated on 2018-05-08
Argentina

-6.0

2017

-5.8

2016

-6.0

2017

2.4

2004

%

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-19
Armenia

-4.8

2017

-5.5

2016

-7.5

2009

-0.7

2008

%

yearly

1999 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Australia

-1.1

2018

-2.4

2017

-5.3

2010

2.0

2000

%

yearly

2000 - 2018

Updated on 2018-09-19
Austria

-0.7

2017

-1.6

2016

-6.2

2003

-0.6

2001

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-27
Azerbaijan

2.2

May 2018

2.8

Apr 2018

-4.9

Apr 2015

40.6

Jan 2009

%

monthly

Jan 2005 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-02
Bahrain

-5.0

2014

-5.5

2013

-8.4

2009

5.1

2005

%

yearly

1998 - 2014

Updated on 2015-09-07
Bangladesh

-4.8

2017

-3.7

2016

-4.8

2017

-2.8

2010

%

yearly

2006 - 2017

Updated on 2018-01-30
Belarus

2.8

2017

1.3

2016

-2.5

2010

2.8

2017

%

yearly

2003 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-12
Belgium

-1.0

2017

-2.5

2016

-15.9

1981

0.2

2006

%

yearly

1970 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Bolivia

-3.0

2016

-4.5

2015

-8.9

2002

3.5

2006

%

yearly

1990 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-27
Bosnia and Herzegovina

1.2

2016

0.7

2015

-4.3

2009

2.7

2006

%

yearly

2003 - 2016

Updated on 2018-07-24
Botswana

0.6

2017

-4.7

2016

-12.4

2010

12.6

2007

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-25
Brazil

-7.8

2017

-7.7

2016

-9.1

2015

0.3

1997

%

yearly

1997 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-14
Bulgaria

0.9

2017

0.2

2016

-8.2

1996

1.8

2006

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-23
Cambodia

-0.9

2017

0.4

2016

-7.7

2011

0.4

2016

%

yearly

2007 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-25
Canada

-0.9

2017

-0.0

2016

-7.9

1985

1.8

2001

%

yearly

1962 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-31
Chile

-2.6

2017

-2.7

2016

-4.2

2009

7.9

2007

%

yearly

1990 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-31
China

-2.9

2017

-2.9

2016

-4.9

1960

1.6

1962

%

yearly

1952 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-06
Colombia

-2.2

2017

-2.1

2016

-3.6

2001

1.2

2012

%

yearly

2000 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-14
Croatia

0.8

2017

-0.9

2016

-7.8

2011

0.8

2017

%

yearly

2002 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-30
Cyprus

1.8

2017

0.3

2016

-9.0

2014

3.2

2007

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-06
Czech Republic

1.6

2017

0.7

2016

-12.4

1995

1.6

2017

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-03
Denmark

1.1

2017

-0.4

2016

-9.5

1982

5.0

2007

%

yearly

1971 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-29
Ecuador

-4.5

2017

-7.4

2016

-7.4

2016

2.9

2006

%

yearly

2000 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Estonia

-0.3

2017

-0.3

2016

-3.3

1999

2.9

2006

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-22
Finland

-0.6

2017

-1.8

2016

-8.1

1993

7.7

1976

%

yearly

1975 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-29
France

-2.7

2017

-3.5

2016

-7.2

2009

1.5

1959

%

yearly

1959 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-01
Georgia

-0.9

2017

-1.4

2016

-6.5

2009

2.7

2006

%

yearly

2002 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-28
Germany

1.2

2017

1.0

2016

-9.4

1995

1.2

2017

%

yearly

1991 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-25
Greece

-0.4

May 2018

0.1

Apr 2018

-13.3

Dec 2009

0.9

Jan 2018

%

monthly

Apr 1999 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-11
Hong Kong

5.5

2018

4.4

2017

-4.8

2002

7.3

2008

%

yearly

1982 - 2018

Updated on 2018-05-25
Hungary

-1.7

2016

-1.6

2015

-9.3

2006

-1.6

2015

%

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-04-07
Iceland

0.1

Jun 2018

0.8

Mar 2018

-13.1

Dec 2008

14.9

Mar 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2004 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-14
India

-3.5

2018

-3.5

2017

-6.5

2010

-2.5

2008

%

yearly

1998 - 2018

Updated on 2018-06-04
Indonesia

-2.5

2017

-2.5

2016

-2.6

2015

-0.1

2008

%

yearly

2000 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-04
Ireland

-0.7

2016

-1.9

2015

-32.1

2010

4.9

2000

%

yearly

1991 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-16
Israel

-1.8

2017

-1.9

2016

-4.1

2009

0.7

2007

%

yearly

1999 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Italy

-2.3

2017

-2.5

2016

-7.3

1995

-1.5

2007

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-28
Japan

-6.0

2019

-6.5

2018

-11.0

2010

-3.5

1998

%

yearly

1996 - 2019

Updated on 2018-05-15
Jordan

1.0

2017

0.3

2016

-6.7

2009

2.1

2014

%

yearly

1999 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-09
Kazakhstan

-4.2

2017

-4.4

2016

-4.4

2016

9.9

2011

%

yearly

2007 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-12
South Korea

1.4

2017

1.0

2016

-4.5

1972

3.6

2007

%

yearly

1970 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
Kyrgyzstan

0.9

May 2018

1.2

Apr 2018

-6.6

Jun 2016

22.0

Jan 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2007 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
Laos

-4.9

2016

-3.7

2015

-4.9

2016

-0.7

2012

%

yearly

2006 - 2016

Updated on 2018-09-19
Latvia

-0.5

2017

0.1

2016

-9.1

2009

1.4

1997

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Lithuania

0.5

2017

0.3

2016

-11.8

1997

0.5

2017

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-01
Luxembourg

1.5

2017

1.6

2016

-1.3

2004

5.9

2001

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-20
Macau

13.3

2017

11.4

2016

-0.6

1999

27.0

2013

%

yearly

1996 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-24
Macedonia

-2.8

2017

-2.7

2016

-13.4

1993

2.4

2000

%

yearly

1993 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-06
Malawi

-0.4

Aug 2017

-0.6

Jul 2017

-34.4

Aug 2016

23.9

Jun 2015

%

monthly

Apr 2005 - Aug 2017

Updated on 2017-11-03
Malaysia

-5.4

2016

-7.8

2015

-21.0

1981

6.2

1997

%

yearly

1970 - 2016

Updated on 2018-05-17
Malta

3.9

2017

1.0

2016

-9.3

1998

3.9

2017

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-12
Mauritius

-1.7

2016

-1.8

2015

-3.2

2013

-0.5

2012

%

yearly

2010 - 2016

Updated on 2018-05-08
Mexico

-1.1

2017

-2.5

2016

-14.7

1982

4.1

1992

%

yearly

1980 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-23
Moldova

-0.8

2017

-1.9

2016

-6.3

2009

1.6

2003

%

yearly

1998 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-12
Mongolia

-6.4

2017

-15.3

2016

-15.3

2016

0.4

2010

%

yearly

2010 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Montenegro

-3.3

2016

-8.0

2015

-8.0

2015

7.2

2007

%

yearly

2003 - 2016

Updated on 2018-05-13
Morocco

-4.8

2017

-5.4

2016

-14.0

1981

0.8

2007

%

yearly

1980 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-04
Myanmar

-4.1

2016

-1.2

2015

-8.4

2001

2.7

2013

%

yearly

1986 - 2016

Updated on 2018-05-07
Nepal

-4.8

2017

-2.2

2016

-4.8

2017

-0.7

2014

%

yearly

2012 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-25
Netherlands

1.1

Dec 2017

1.2

Sep 2017

-5.6

Sep 2010

1.9

Dec 2000

%

quarterly

Dec 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-26
New Zealand

1.5

2017

0.7

2016

-8.9

2011

7.0

2006

%

yearly

2002 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-20
Nigeria

-1.9

2017

-2.2

2016

-2.2

2010

-0.0

2006

%

yearly

2005 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-21
Norway

4.4

2017

4.0

2016

-1.9

1992

18.7

2008

%

yearly

1978 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-08
Oman

-12.6

2017

-20.6

2016

-20.6

2016

2.5

2005

%

yearly

1991 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-06
Pakistan

-5.8

2017

-4.6

2016

-8.2

2013

-2.1

2004

%

yearly

2000 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-14
Panama

-1.6

2017

-1.8

2016

-4.9

2004

3.3

2007

%

yearly

2003 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-13
Paraguay

1.3

2017

1.1

2016

0.5

2013

3.5

2004

%

yearly

2003 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-19
Peru

-2.9

2017

-2.2

2016

-8.0

1990

2.9

2007

%

yearly

1990 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-25
Philippines

-2.2

2017

-2.4

2016

-5.0

2002

0.9

1994

%

yearly

1985 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-27
Poland

-1.7

2017

-2.3

2016

-7.3

2010

-1.7

2017

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Portugal

-3.0

2017

-2.0

2016

-11.2

2010

-2.0

2016

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-26
Qatar

17.4

2015

14.3

2014

1.9

2011

17.4

2015

%

yearly

2006 - 2015

Updated on 2018-04-20
Romania

-2.9

2017

-3.0

2016

-9.2

2009

-0.8

2015

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-06
Russia

-1.5

2017

-3.6

2016

-9.5

1994

8.4

2006

%

yearly

1993 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Saudi Arabia

-9.3

2017

-12.9

2016

-25.3

1987

43.2

1973

%

yearly

1969 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-01
Serbia

1.2

2017

-1.3

2016

-6.8

2012

1.2

2017

%

yearly

2001 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-21
Singapore

6.6

2018

3.2

2017

-0.2

2010

10.2

2008

%

yearly

2006 - 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Slovakia

-1.0

2017

-2.2

2016

-12.0

2000

-1.0

2017

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Slovenia

0.0

2017

-1.9

2016

-14.7

2013

0.0

2017

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-30
South Africa

-4.4

2017

-4.2

2016

-6.6

1993

0.7

2007

%

yearly

1990 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-28
Spain

-3.1

2017

-4.5

2016

-11.0

2009

2.2

2006

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-19
Sri Lanka

-5.5

2017

-5.4

2016

-9.9

2009

-5.1

1992

%

yearly

1990 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-18
Sudan

-1.7

2017

-1.6

2016

-5.0

2011

-0.6

2003

%

yearly

2001 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-24
Sweden

0.9

2016

0.3

2015

-7.0

1995

3.3

2007

%

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-20
Switzerland

1.2

2017

0.4

2016

-3.2

1993

1.9

2008

%

yearly

1990 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-31
Syria

-2.2

2010

-2.1

2009

-5.0

2005

1.8

2001

%

yearly

1998 - 2010

Updated on 2018-05-08
Taiwan

1.8

2016

1.3

2015

-2.1

2001

6.9

1989

%

yearly

1981 - 2016

Updated on 2018-02-20
Tajikistan

0.2

2016

0.6

2015

-8.1

2007

2.7

2014

%

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2018-05-24
Thailand

0.9

2017

-2.1

2016

-2.1

2016

1.5

2015

%

yearly

2002 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-02
Tunisia

-6.1

2017

-6.1

2016

-6.9

2013

-1.0

2008

%

yearly

1991 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Turkey

-1.6

2017

-1.3

2016

-5.3

2009

-0.7

2006

%

yearly

2006 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-09
Ukraine

-2.3

2016

-1.6

2015

-13.8

1992

0.7

2002

%

yearly

1992 - 2016

Updated on 2018-09-24
United Arab Emirates

-7.6

2016

-6.4

2015

-16.8

2009

9.3

2008

%

yearly

1991 - 2016

Updated on 2018-06-12
United Kingdom

-1.9

2017

-3.0

2016

-10.1

2009

1.4

2000

%

yearly

1990 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-27
United States

-3.5

2017

-3.2

2016

-9.8

2009

4.4

1948

%

yearly

1948 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-27
Uruguay

-3.5

2017

-3.8

2016

-3.8

2016

-0.0

2007

%

yearly

1999 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-13
Venezuela

-4.9

2012

-4.0

2011

-5.0

2009

3.0

2007

%

yearly

1998 - 2012

Updated on 2018-04-30
Vietnam

-6.3

2015

-6.3

2014

-6.7

1990

-1.6

1994

%

yearly

1990 - 2015

Updated on 2018-04-24
Yemen

-8.3

2014

-8.8

2013

-16.3

1992

6.3

2000

%

yearly

1991 - 2014

Updated on 2014-12-31

More Indicators for Romania

Indicator Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Aluminum: Exports

865,883.610

2017

761,339.505

2016

191,818.000

1996

865,883.610

2017

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Bank Lending Rate

5.390

May 2018

5.110

Apr 2018

3.510

Sep 2016

21.190

Jan 2009

% pa

monthly

Dec 2005 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Building Permits

4,753.000

Aug 2018

5,056.000

Jul 2018

1,355.000

Jan 2004

7,573.000

Dec 2006

Unit

monthly

Jan 2004 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-10
Business Confidence Growth

0.7

Jun 2018

0.3

May 2018

-38.6

Jun 1997

33.7

Jun 1995

% Point

monthly

Jul 1992 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-06-28
Business Confidence: Net Balance

1.6

Sep 2018

0.8

Aug 2018

-22.2

Sep 1992

27.3

Jun 1996

% Point

monthly

Jul 1991 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-09-27
CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

3.859

Jun 2018

3.921

May 2018

-7.585

May 2016

369.337

Feb 1992

%

monthly

Oct 1991 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-11
Capital Adequacy Ratio

19.8

Mar 2018

20.0

Dec 2017

11.8

Sep 2008

20.0

Dec 2017

%

quarterly

Dec 2006 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-29
Coal Consumption

5.679

2017

5.330

2016

4.360

1965

17.523

1988

TOE mn

yearly

1965 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-14
Coal Production

4.733

2017

4.236

2016

4.236

2016

12.586

1988

TOE mn

yearly

1981 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-14
Consumer Confidence Growth

-4.9

Sep 2018

-7.0

Aug 2018

-36.9

Sep 2009

22.6

Jun 2011

% Point

monthly

May 2002 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-09-27
Consumer Confidence: Net Balance

-20.2

Oct 2018

-19.9

Sep 2018

-63.3

Jun 2010

-10.4

Mar 2017

% Point

monthly

May 2001 - Oct 2018

Updated on 2018-10-30
Consumer Price Index CPI Growth

5.4

Jun 2018

5.4

May 2018

-3.5

May 2016

317.0

Nov 1993

%

monthly

Oct 1991 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-11
Container Port Throughput

721,339.000

2016

699,000.000

2015

556,674.000

2010

1,380,935.000

2008

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Core CPI Change

2.802

Jun 2018

2.949

May 2018

-1.240

May 2016

592.248

Oct 1998

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-18
Crude Oil: Imports

159.100

2017

153.200

2016

88.300

1999

179.100

2006

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-12
Crude Oil: Production

72.200

2017

75.500

2016

72.200

2017

137.600

1995

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-12
Current Account Balance

-1,243.8

May 2018

-992.6

Apr 2018

-3,645.9

May 2008

899.1

Mar 2015

USD mn

monthly

May 2002 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-13
Current Account Balance: % of GDP

-3.0

Mar 2018

-2.5

Dec 2017

-16.9

Jun 2008

4.4

Mar 2015

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-13
Direct Investment Abroad

248.3

May 2018

256.4

Apr 2018

-986.4

May 2016

921.7

Feb 2016

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2005 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-13
Domestic Credit

86,729.1

May 2018

89,459.9

Apr 2018

14,859.9

Jan 2005

96,422.4

Jun 2011

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2004 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-06
Domestic Credit Growth

4.3

May 2018

4.9

Apr 2018

-5.3

Jul 2013

66.6

Feb 2008

%

monthly

Dec 2005 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-06
Electricity Production

5,356

Aug 2018

5,375

Jul 2018

3,704

May 2000

6,606

Aug 2015

GWh

monthly

Jan 2000 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-11
Employed Persons

8,477,000.000

Mar 2018

8,541,000.000

Dec 2017

8,237,000.000

Mar 2015

12,136,800.000

Sep 1995

Person

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-27
Equity Market Index

8,412.7

Sep 2018

8,274.5

Aug 2018

294.4

Sep 1998

10,262.8

Aug 2007

19Sep1997=1000

monthly

Sep 1997 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Exchange Rate against USD

3.991

Jun 2018

3.924

May 2018

0.001

Jan 1973

4.282

Dec 2016

RON/USD

monthly

Jan 1957 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Exports: ICT Goods

2,149,147.859

2016

2,221,038.590

2015

470,071.000

2001

4,903,222.530

2011

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-25
Exports: Medicament

811,383.413

2017

736,233.514

2016

6,280.000

1999

1,188,717.620

2013

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

32,309.899

2017

41,184.345

2016

7,723.080

2003

45,234.575

2013

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-11
Exports: Telecommunication Equipment

812,382.564

2017

1,275,027.181

2016

3,561.000

1997

3,130,339.129

2011

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Exports: Television

177,694.528

2017

224,047.373

2016

49.000

2000

717,688.330

2011

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
External Debt

113,548.1

May 2018

116,651.3

Apr 2018

26,841.9

Jan 2005

143,780.7

Jun 2011

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2004 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
External Debt: % of GDP

49.7

2017

54.4

2016

18.1

1995

75.5

2012

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-06
External Debt: Short Term

33,692.0

May 2018

33,546.3

Apr 2018

2,715.8

Jan 2005

33,692.0

May 2018

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2004 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

13.2

2017

13.6

2016

5.2

2004

17.2

2011

%

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-06
Forecast: Consumer Price Index Growth

3.103

2023

3.103

2022

-1.555

2016

256.105

1993

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Current Account Balance

-12.390

2023

-11.563

2022

-24.720

2008

3.927

1988

USD bn

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth

6.263

2023

6.398

2022

-13.897

2008

25.913

2010

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: GDP PPP Per Capita

35,124.803

2023

33,268.289

2022

4,769.068

1980

35,124.803

2023

PPP Intl $

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Government Expenditure

406.104

2023

385.115

2022

0.033

1990

406.104

2023

RON bn

yearly

1990 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Government Net Debt

536.599

2023

495.814

2022

23.905

2000

536.599

2023

RON bn

yearly

2000 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Government Revenue

365.319

2023

346.159

2022

0.034

1990

365.319

2023

RON bn

yearly

1990 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Nominal GDP Per Capita

18,520.619

2023

17,229.603

2022

853.108

1992

18,520.619

2023

USD

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Population

18.929

2023

19.053

2022

18.929

2023

23.459

1990

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Real GDP Growth

3.100

2023

3.100

2022

-12.927

1991

8.359

2004

%

yearly

1980 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Unemployment Rate

5.000

2023

5.000

2022

3.400

1990

10.994

1994

%

yearly

1985 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Foreign Direct Investment

491.8

May 2018

130.1

Apr 2018

-619.9

May 2016

3,886.5

Apr 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2005 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-13
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

5.8

Mar 2018

1.3

Dec 2017

-0.1

Dec 2010

12.7

Dec 2006

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-06
Foreign Exchange Reserves

35,705.4

Jun 2018

37,746.0

May 2018

16,689.6

Apr 2005

48,689.9

Jun 2011

USD mn

monthly

Apr 2005 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

17.644

Mar 2018

17.216

Dec 2017

17.216

Dec 2017

26.338

Jun 2011

%

quarterly

Jun 2005 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-06
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

4.5

May 2018

5.2

Apr 2018

4.5

May 2018

9.9

Jan 2009

NA

monthly

Apr 2005 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-10
Foreign Portfolio Investment

2,158.808

Mar 2018

1,071.227

Dec 2017

-1,417.372

Jun 2012

4,490.248

Mar 2013

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-13
GDP Deflator Growth

5.9

Mar 2018

5.1

Dec 2017

0.6

Jun 2015

144.0

Dec 1997

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
GDP per Capita

9,623.527

2016

9,002.639

2015

858.912

1992

10,450.437

2008

USD

yearly

1981 - 2016

Updated on 2018-07-06
Gold Reserves

3,970.522

Sep 2018

3,981.328

Aug 2018

18.700

Jul 1987

6,042.191

Aug 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1979 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-09
Government Debt: % of GDP

35.0

2017

37.4

2016

6.6

1995

39.1

2014

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-25
Gross Fixed Capital Formation

13,817.990

Mar 2018

12,921.419

Dec 2017

1,511.862

Mar 1997

22,100.933

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
Gross National Product

206,979.237

2017

183,361.070

2016

25,031.554

1992

206,979.237

2017

USD mn

yearly

1989 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-17
Gross Savings Rate

19.0

Mar 2018

25.0

Dec 2017

3.6

Dec 1995

33.9

Sep 1995

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-06
House Prices Growth

6.6

Mar 2018

5.6

Dec 2017

-17.1

Dec 2011

8.0

Dec 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2010 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-13
Household Debt

45,434.8

Mar 2018

43,390.0

Dec 2017

31,290.5

Mar 2007

55,871.4

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2007 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
Household Debt: % of GDP

19.8

2017

20.8

2016

1.5

2001

26.3

2010

%

yearly

1998 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Household Expenditure per Capita

2,817.824

2016

2,650.343

2015

739.289

2001

3,131.141

2008

USD

yearly

2001 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-23
Household Income per Capita

3,287.400

2016

3,028.182

2015

746.832

2001

3,485.064

2008

USD

yearly

2001 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-23
Imports: ICT Goods

5,480,747.853

2016

5,085,415.739

2015

1,144,090.992

2001

6,097,692.414

2011

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-25
Imports: Medicament

2,793,807.661

2017

2,567,206.805

2016

115,849.000

1995

2,901,204.499

2013

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

555,417.149

2017

477,241.827

2016

42,734.000

1997

638,748.653

2013

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Imports: Telecommunication Equipment

1,711,672.235

2017

2,112,314.688

2016

222,874.000

1995

3,335,739.535

2011

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Imports: Television

509,720.461

2017

414,765.492

2016

6,036.000

1997

515,201.943

2007

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Industrial Production Index Growth

3.6

May 2018

6.1

Apr 2018

-11.5

Jan 2009

17.2

Apr 2013

%

monthly

Jan 2006 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-12
Investment: % of GDP

20.9

Mar 2018

28.4

Dec 2017

10.2

Dec 1995

40.5

Sep 2007

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-06
Labour Force Participation Rate

53.8

Mar 2018

54.2

Dec 2017

52.7

Mar 2016

67.8

Sep 1996

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-08-10
Labour Productivity Growth

5.68

Jun 2018

2.11

Mar 2018

-6.41

Jun 2009

11.96

Mar 2014

%

quarterly

Mar 2003 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-10-10
Liner Shipping Connectivity Index

29.230

2017

28.870

2016

12.020

2004

29.230

2017

2004=100

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2017-09-29
Long Term Interest Rate

4.95

Jun 2018

4.69

May 2018

2.83

Feb 2015

11.86

Aug 2001

% pa

monthly

Jan 2001 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-11
M2 Growth

10.2

Sep 2018

10.8

Aug 2018

2.0

Jun 2011

39.9

May 2008

%

monthly

Dec 2005 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-23
Market Capitalization: % of GDP

19.1

2017

19.1

2016

0.2

1996

21.1

2006

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-06
Minerals Production

38,014,945.000

2016

41,759,876.000

2015

38,014,945.000

2016

52,728,801.000

2009

Metric Ton

yearly

2009 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-26
Money Supply M1

55,202.026

Aug 2018

55,011.096

Jul 2018

1,583.581

Jan 2002

55,893.601

Feb 2018

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2001 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-25
Money Supply M2

90,838.868

Aug 2018

90,484.547

Jul 2018

8,109.692

Jan 2002

93,615.578

Apr 2018

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2001 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-25
Monthly Earnings

1,107

Aug 2018

1,133

Jul 2018

50

Nov 1991

1,190

Apr 2018

USD

monthly

Jan 1991 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-09
Motor Vehicle Production

359,250.000

Dec 2017

359,306.000

Dec 2016

68,761.000

Dec 2001

410,997.000

Dec 2013

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2001 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Motor Vehicle Registered

6,009.285

2015

5,704.694

2014

3,788.000

2006

6,009.285

2015

Unit th

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2017-06-27
Motor Vehicle Sales: Commercial Cars

29,393.408

Dec 2017

27,016.000

Dec 2016

6,238.000

Jun 2013

44,044.000

Dec 2007

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Motor Vehicle Sales: Passenger Cars

130,414.536

Dec 2017

115,004.000

Dec 2016

24,499.000

Jun 2013

312,533.000

Dec 2007

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Motor Vehicles Sales

159,808

2017

142,020

2016

71,016

2013

356,577

2007

Unit

yearly

2005 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-26
Motor Vehicles Sales Growth

12.5

2017

17.8

2016

-59.0

2009

41.3

2014

%

yearly

2006 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-26
National Government Debt

80,165.4

Apr 2018

79,777.9

Mar 2018

56,611.5

Aug 2012

81,410.9

Feb 2018

USD mn

monthly

Nov 2011 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-07-03
Natural Gas Production: OPEC: Marketed Production

10,371.000

2017

9,600.000

2016

9,600.000

2016

19,350.000

1995

Cub m mn

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-12
Natural Gas: Consumption

1.151

2017

1.004

2016

1.004

2016

3.426

1982

Cub ft/Day bn

yearly

1965 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-13
New Orders Growth

16.3

May 2018

26.7

Apr 2018

-34.0

Jan 2009

101.3

Jan 2002

%

monthly

Jan 2001 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-11
Nominal GDP

59,767.7

Mar 2018

56,575.9

Dec 2017

8,082.5

Mar 1997

59,767.7

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
Nominal GDP Growth

10.317

Mar 2018

12.100

Dec 2017

-4.836

Sep 2009

129.595

Dec 1997

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
Nominal Residential Property Price Index

95.150

Dec 2017

94.060

Sep 2017

80.310

Sep 2014

111.010

Mar 2009

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2009 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Nominal Residential Property Price Index Growth

5.620

Dec 2017

6.220

Sep 2017

-13.970

Dec 2011

7.310

Dec 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2010 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Non Performing Loans Ratio

5.5

Aug 2018

5.8

Jul 2018

5.5

Aug 2018

21.5

Sep 2014

%

monthly

Sep 2014 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Number of Subscriber Fixed Line

4,110,000.000

2016

4,270,000.000

2015

306,000.000

1965

4,750,000.000

2008

Unit

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Number of Subscriber Mobile

22,900,000.000

2016

23,120,000.000

2015

0.000

1992

25,100,000.000

2009

Person

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Oil Consumption

203.450

2017

202.173

2016

142.550

1965

387.133

1979

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1965 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-14
P/E ratio

12.820

2017

6.540

2016

3.980

2000

35.180

2004

NA

yearly

1997 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-26
Policy Rate

2.50

Sep 2018

2.50

Aug 2018

1.75

Dec 2017

21.25

May 2004

% pa

monthly

Jan 2003 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Population

19.6

2016

19.8

2015

15.8

1946

23.2

1989

Person mn

yearly

1946 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-23
Private Consumption Expenditure

36,391.451

Mar 2018

35,524.694

Dec 2017

5,839.749

Mar 1997

37,219.910

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
Private Consumption: % of GDP

63.4

Mar 2018

60.8

Dec 2017

56.8

Sep 1995

81.8

Jun 1996

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-06
Public Consumption Expenditure

9,169.019

Mar 2018

8,375.152

Dec 2017

846.504

Mar 1997

9,533.907

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
Public Consumption: % of GDP

17.6

Mar 2018

14.3

Dec 2017

7.8

Sep 1998

21.7

Mar 2003

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-06
Real Effective Exchange Rate

99.6

Jun 2018

100.1

May 2018

45.6

Feb 1997

122.2

Jul 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
Real GDP Growth

4.2

Mar 2018

6.6

Dec 2017

-7.4

Jun 2009

10.3

Jun 2008

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
Real Residential Property Price Index

81.900

Dec 2017

82.660

Sep 2017

70.010

Sep 2014

119.010

Mar 2009

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2009 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Real Residential Property Price Index Growth

2.460

Dec 2017

4.670

Sep 2017

-18.720

Dec 2010

9.580

Jun 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2010 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Reserve Requirement Ratio

8.0

Sep 2018

8.0

Aug 2018

8.0

Sep 2018

20.0

Oct 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2006 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Retail Sales Growth

1.7

Aug 2018

4.7

Jul 2018

-16.2

Jun 2009

32.9

May 2006

%

monthly

Jan 2001 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-03
Short Term Interest Rate

3.17

Sep 2018

3.22

Aug 2018

0.69

Sep 2016

198.37

Feb 1997

% pa

monthly

Aug 1995 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Silver Production

3.000

2015

3.000

2014

0.000

2010

80.000

1991

Metric Ton

yearly

1986 - 2015

Updated on 2018-04-20
Teledensity: Fixed Line

20.781

2016

21.483

2015

1.579

1965

23.520

2013

Number

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Teledensity: Mobile

115.785

2016

116.318

2015

0.000

1992

121.739

2009

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Total Deposits

104,283.179

Aug 2018

104,295.579

Jul 2018

64,671.225

Jan 2007

121,981.639

Jun 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2007 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-27
Total Exports

6,942.1

May 2018

6,422.1

Apr 2018

1,274.5

Jan 2003

7,531.9

Mar 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2003 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-10
Total Exports Growth

5.2

May 2018

9.6

Apr 2018

-27.4

Feb 2009

49.4

Jan 2011

%

monthly

Jan 2004 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-10
Total Imports

8,444.0

May 2018

7,663.6

Apr 2018

1,501.6

Jan 2003

8,837.4

Mar 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2003 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-10
Total Imports Growth

6.8

May 2018

7.3

Apr 2018

-38.7

Apr 2009

43.1

Jan 2007

%

monthly

Jan 2004 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-10
Tourism Revenue

2,166

2016

2,097

2015

306

1999

2,626

2008

USD mn

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-26
Tourism Revenue Growth

3.3

2016

-5.8

2015

-41.8

1998

118.1

2005

%

yearly

1996 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-26
Trade Balance

-1,501.9

May 2018

-1,241.5

Apr 2018

-3,645.9

Sep 2008

53.3

Jul 1994

USD mn

monthly

Aug 1990 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-10
Unemployment Rate

4.30

Aug 2018

4.20

Jul 2018

4.20

Jul 2018

8.80

Apr 2002

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Visitor Arrivals

981,742

May 2018

948,056

Apr 2018

310,149

Feb 2005

1,541,985

Jul 2017

Person

monthly

Jan 2004 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-24
Visitor Arrivals Growth

-8.1

May 2018

-7.9

Apr 2018

-21.2

Feb 2009

61.5

Feb 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2005 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-24
CEIC Flex
Monthly metered access across all our data
20 Series Downloads Per Month
$39/per month
200 Series Downloads Per Month
$149/per month
500 Series Downloads Per Month
$299/per month
Buy Now
CEIC Unlimited
Unlimited access tailored to your data needs
Request a Demo