Iran External Debt

1994 - 2021 | Yearly | USD mn | Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran

Key information about Iran External Debt

  • Iran External Debt reached 9.1 USD bn in Mar 2021, compared with 9.2 USD bn in the previous year.
  • Iran External Debt: USD mn data is updated yearly, available from Mar 1994 to Mar 2021.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 28.6 USD bn in Mar 2008 and a record low of 6.7 USD bn in Mar 2014.

The Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran provides annual External Debt in USD. The fiscal year is from April 1st to March 31st.


Related information about Iran External Debt
  • In the latest reports of Iran, Current Account recorded a deficit of 707.7 USD mn in Mar 2021.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 1.2 USD bn in Dec 2020.
  • Iran Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 156.0 USD mn in Dec 2018.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment increased by 164.5 USD mn in Dec 2020.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 393.3 USD bn in Dec 2021.

View Iran's External Debt from 1994 to 2021 in the chart:

Iran External Debt

What was Iran's External Debt in 2021?

Iran External Debt reached 9.1 USD bn in Mar 2021, compared with 9.2 USD bn in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
9,142.1 2021 9,213.4 2020 6,654.8 2014 28,647.1 2008 USD mn yearly 1994 - 2021

External Debt by Country Comparison

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Includes External Debt on 109 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (USD mn) 10,357.4 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2003 - Jun 2022
Algeria (USD mn) 3,838.0 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 2007 - Dec 2019
Argentina (USD mn) 274,355.2 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2006 - Mar 2022
Armenia (USD mn) 6,436.4 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 2012 - Jul 2022
Australia (USD mn) 1,903,538.0 Jun 2022 quarterly Sep 1988 - Jun 2022
Austria (USD mn) 717,345.5 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1997 - Mar 2022
Azerbaijan (USD mn) 8,135.7 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2021
Bangladesh (USD mn) 93,233.0 Mar 2022 quarterly Sep 2011 - Mar 2022
Belarus (USD mn) 40,536.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1995 - Mar 2022
Belgium (USD mn) 1,482,548.6 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2007 - Mar 2022
Bolivia (USD mn) 14,470.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2006 - Mar 2021
Bosnia and Herzegovina (USD mn) 5,312.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Mar 2022
Botswana (USD mn) 1,294.1 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Brazil (USD mn) 575,424.4 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2022
Bulgaria (USD mn) 43,442.1 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1999 - Jun 2022
Cambodia (USD mn) 21,086.2 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2010 - Mar 2022
Canada (USD mn) 2,517,088.8 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1990 - Jun 2022
Chile (USD mn) 237,078.8 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1995 - Jul 2022
China (USD mn) 2,635,959.3 Jun 2022 quarterly Jun 2003 - Jun 2022
Colombia (USD mn) 175,917.1 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Jun 2022
Croatia (USD mn) 49,108.2 Jun 2022 monthly Dec 1998 - Jun 2022
Cyprus (USD mn) 209,931.4 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2022
Czech Republic (USD mn) 212,393.4 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1993 - Mar 2022
Denmark (USD mn) 571,198.1 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2005 - Dec 2021
Ecuador (USD mn) 57,234.7 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1994 - Jul 2022
Egypt (USD mn) 157,801.0 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 1997 - Mar 2022
Estonia (USD mn) 30,958.9 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1996 - Mar 2022
European Union (USD mn) 18,210,177.2 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2022
Finland (USD mn) 652,786.4 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1991 - Mar 2022
France (USD mn) 7,472,066.2 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 2004 - Mar 2022
Georgia (USD mn) 22,063.5 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2022
Germany (USD mn) 6,870,908.8 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 1999 - Mar 2022
Ghana (USD mn) 28,100.0 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2012 - Jun 2022
Greece (USD mn) 627,013.2 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2003 - Mar 2022
Hong Kong SAR, China (USD mn) 1,857,670.2 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2001 - Mar 2022
Hungary (USD mn) 274,601.2 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2006 - Mar 2022
Iceland (USD mn) 20,332.9 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 1989 - Jun 2022
India (USD mn) 620,736.6 Mar 2022 quarterly Sep 1999 - Mar 2022
Indonesia (USD mn) 400,374.3 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2008 - Jul 2022
Iran (USD mn) 9,142.1 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (USD mn) 3,093,001.1 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2002 - Jun 2022
Israel (USD mn) 163,849.4 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2011 - Mar 2022
Italy (USD mn) 2,748,428.3 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2002 - Mar 2022
Ivory Coast (USD mn) 25,072.7 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Japan (USD mn) 4,361,081.5 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2003 - Jun 2022
Jordan (USD mn) 38,896.8 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2006 - Mar 2022
Kazakhstan (USD mn) 160,790.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2022
Kenya (USD mn) 36,413.9 Jun 2022 monthly Sep 1999 - Jun 2022
South Korea (USD mn) 662,038.1 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 1994 - Jun 2022
Kosovo (USD mn) 3,355.6 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2011 - Mar 2022
Kuwait (USD mn) 59,551.5 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2018 - Mar 2022
Kyrgyzstan (USD mn) 9,136.9 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2005 - Mar 2022
Laos (USD mn) 10,213.4 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Latvia (USD mn) 40,085.8 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
Lebanon (USD mn) 34,568.0 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2007 - Mar 2022
Lithuania (USD mn) 43,884.0 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1996 - Mar 2022
Luxembourg (USD mn) 3,904,405.0 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2002 - Mar 2022
North Macedonia (USD mn) 11,100.2 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2005 - Mar 2022
Malawi (MWK mn) 2,812,733.5 2021 yearly 1984 - 2021
Malaysia (USD mn) 255,987.7 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2009 - Jun 2022
Malta (USD mn) 104,324.9 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2004 - Mar 2022
Mauritius (USD mn) 226,048.1 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2009 - Jun 2022
Mexico (USD mn) 447,827.9 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2021
Moldova (USD mn) 8,986.8 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2011 - Mar 2022
Mongolia (USD mn) 33,893.4 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Mar 2022
Montenegro (USD mn) 9,722.7 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Morocco (USD mn) 63,748.8 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2006 - Mar 2022
Mozambique (USD mn) 10,150.3 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Myanmar (USD mn) 13,348.1 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Nepal (USD mn) 8,896.4 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2012 - Mar 2022
Netherlands (USD mn) 3,958,467.1 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 2003 - Mar 2022
New Zealand (USD mn) 208,823.8 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1993 - Mar 2022
Nigeria (USD mn) 39,969.2 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2006 - Mar 2022
Norway (USD mn) 720,980.9 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2003 - Jun 2022
Pakistan (USD mn) 130,192.2 Jun 2022 quarterly Jun 2006 - Jun 2022
Palestinian Territory (USD mn) 2,147.0 Mar 2022 monthly Dec 2012 - Mar 2022
Panama (USD mn) 35,476.1 Jul 2022 monthly Jul 2004 - Jul 2022
Paraguay (USD mn) 20,060.7 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2021
Peru (USD mn) 101,571.8 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1980 - Jun 2022
Philippines (USD mn) 107,692.1 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2022
Poland (USD mn) 349,424.0 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2022
Portugal (USD mn) 451,759.5 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1996 - Mar 2022
Qatar (USD mn) 194,500.0 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (USD mn) 143,269.7 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 2004 - Jul 2022
Russia (USD mn) 470,724.2 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Jun 2022
Serbia (USD mn) 41,052.0 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2003 - Mar 2022
Singapore (USD mn) 1,803,598.1 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 2003 - Mar 2022
Slovakia (USD mn) 157,263.1 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1993 - Mar 2022
Slovenia (USD mn) 53,508.5 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Jul 2022
South Africa (USD mn) 169,320.0 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 1985 - Jun 2022
Spain (USD mn) 2,596,930.1 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1993 - Mar 2022
Sri Lanka (USD mn) 50,592.8 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2012 - Mar 2022
Sudan (USD mn) 77,200.0 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Sweden (USD mn) 988,740.2 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2022
Switzerland (USD mn) 2,348,819.9 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2022
Taiwan (USD mn) 229,912.0 Jun 2022 quarterly Jun 1999 - Jun 2022
Tajikistan (USD mn) 6,608.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Jun 2015 - Dec 2020
Thailand (USD mn) 199,643.9 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
Tunisia (USD mn) 41,737.8 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2009 - Mar 2022
Turkey (USD mn) 451,168.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1989 - Mar 2022

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Iran Key Series

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Includes 162 key indicators for Iran, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -4.8 Mar 2019 quarterly Mar 2006 - Mar 2019
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -13,054.478 Mar 2020 quarterly Jun 2005 - Mar 2020
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 38,295.238 2019 yearly 1996 - 2019
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 5.9 2019 yearly 1996 - 2019
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 8.8 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Mar 2022
Forecast: Government Expenditure (IRR bn) 48,431,375.310 2028 yearly 1991 - 2028
Forecast: Government Net Debt (IRR bn) 118,430,357.100 2028 yearly 1997 - 2028
Forecast: Government Revenue (IRR bn) 25,244,384.530 2028 yearly 1991 - 2028
Govt Revenues excl Special Rev: Tax: on Goods & Services: Value Added (IRR bn) 388,100.000 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 1.488 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Trade Balance (USD mn) 23,368.0 2021 yearly 1948 - 2021
Total Exports (USD mn) 72,345.0 2021 yearly 1948 - 2021
Total Exports Growth (%) 54.2 2021 yearly 1949 - 2021
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 599,149.522 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 82,007.491 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 91,409.401 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Imports (USD mn) 53,012.7 2022 yearly 1979 - 2022
Total Imports Growth (%) 36.3 2022 yearly 1980 - 2022
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 958,136.222 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 703,280.906 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 0.080 Jun 2022 monthly Feb 2016 - Jun 2022
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 1.927 Jun 2022 monthly May 2001 - Jun 2022
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 838.376 Jun 2022 monthly Dec 1990 - Jun 2022
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 626.573 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1981 - Jun 2022
Exports (USD mn) 48,619.419 2022 yearly 1979 - 2022
Exports: IG: Plastic Materials and Their Products (USD mn) 5,639.000 2019 yearly 2002 - 2019
Exports: Industrial Goods (IG) (USD mn) 33,233.350 2019 yearly 1979 - 2019
Exports: China (USD mn) 9,077.120 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: United Arab Emirates (USD mn) 4,661.620 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Germany (USD mn) 233.060 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Russia (USD mn) 504.580 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Iraq (USD mn) 7,448.430 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: Mineral Products, Fuels, Industrial Oils and Grease (MP) (USD mn) 487.690 2021 yearly 1979 - 2021
Imports: Chemicals (USD mn) 6,212.880 2021 yearly 1979 - 2021
Imports: Miscellaneous Finished Products (MF) (USD mn) 1,455.590 2021 yearly 1979 - 2021
Imports: Foodstuffs and Live Animals (FA) (USD mn) 7,670.380 2021 yearly 1979 - 2021
Imports: Machinery and Transportation Vehicles (MT) (USD mn) 13,616.510 2021 yearly 1979 - 2021
Imports: Natural Gas (Cub m bn) 0.300 2021 yearly 1974 - 2021
Imports: Germany (USD mn) 1,851.170 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: United Arab Emirates (USD mn) 9,757.790 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: China (USD mn) 9,843.010 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: Turkey (USD mn) 4,400.090 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: Russia (USD mn) 1,070.260 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 156.0 2018 yearly 1997 - 2018
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -707.7 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -0.1 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 1,224.0 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.1 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 164.500 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.0 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
External Debt (USD mn) 9,142.1 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 0.9 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 1,966.2 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 0.2 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) 9.784 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
BoP: CA: Income: Credit (USD mn) 1,147.800 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
BoP: CA: CF: Capital Account: Debit (USD mn) -5,969.000 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
BoP: CA: Goods (USD mn) 3,235.800 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
BoP: CA: Current Transfers (USD mn) 654.500 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
BoP: CA: Errors and Omissions (USD mn) -817.000 2019 yearly 1998 - 2019
BoP: CA: Services (USD mn) -3,998.700 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
BoP: CA: Current Transfers: Debit (USD mn) 342.100 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
BoP: CA: Income (USD mn) -599.300 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
BoP: CA: Current Transfers: Credit (USD mn) 996.600 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
BoP: CA: Income: Debit (USD mn) 1,747.100 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
BoP: CA: CF: Capital Account: Credit (USD mn) 0.000 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 7.1 Dec 2021 monthly Jan 2011 - Dec 2021
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 281,428.571 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1999 - Jul 2022
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 1,250,033.333 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1999 - Jul 2022
M2 Growth (%) 37.4 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 2000 - Jul 2022
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 10.0 Aug 2022 monthly Mar 2008 - Aug 2022
Total Deposits (USD mn) 1,130,002.381 2021 yearly 1973 - 2021
Total Deposits Growth (%) 39.5 2021 yearly 1974 - 2021
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 276,897.2 Feb 2017 monthly Jan 1964 - Feb 2017
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 25.8 Feb 2017 monthly Jan 1965 - Feb 2017
Total Loans (USD mn) 236,845.352 2016 yearly 1967 - 2016
Total Loans Growth (%) 23.00 2016 yearly 1968 - 2016
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 60.30 2016 yearly 1961 - 2016
Money Supply: M2: Quasi Money (IRR bn) 40,681,400.000 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1999 - Jul 2022
Money Supply: Monetary Base (IRR bn) 6,530,300.000 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1999 - Jul 2022
Money Supply: M2: M1 (IRR bn) 11,820,000.000 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1999 - Jul 2022

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