Iran External Debt

1994 - 2021 | Yearly | USD mn | Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran

Key information about Iran`s External Debt

  • Iran External Debt reached 9.1 USD bn in Mar 2021, compared with 9.0 USD bn in the previous year.
  • Iran External Debt: USD mn data is updated yearly, available from Mar 1994 to Mar 2021.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 28.6 USD bn in Mar 2008 and a record low of 5.1 USD bn in Mar 2015.
  • The Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran provides annual External Debt in USD. The fiscal year is from April 1st to March 31st.


Related information about Iran`s External Debt
  • In the latest reports of Iran, Current Account recorded a deficit of 707.7 USD mn in Mar 2021.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 1.2 USD bn in Dec 2020.
  • Iran Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 156.0 USD mn in Dec 2018.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment increased by 94.5 USD mn in Dec 2019.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 223.3 USD bn in Sep 2020.

View Iran's External Debt from 1994 to 2021 in the chart:

Iran External Debt

What was Iran's External Debt in 2021?

Iran External Debt reached 9.1 USD bn in Mar 2021, compared with 9.0 USD bn in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
9,142.0 2021 9,031.3 2020 5,107.2 2015 28,647.1 2008 USD mn yearly 1994 - 2021

External Debt by Country Comparison

Buy Selected Data

Includes External Debt on 109 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (USD mn) 10,439.7 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2003 - Jun 2021
Algeria (USD mn) 3,838.0 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 2007 - Dec 2019
Argentina (USD mn) 271,505.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2006 - Dec 2020
Armenia (USD mn) 6,753.6 May 2021 monthly Dec 2012 - May 2021
Australia (USD mn) 1,848,275.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Sep 1988 - Mar 2021
Austria (USD mn) 757,055.3 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1997 - Dec 2020
Azerbaijan (USD mn) 8,821.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2020
Bangladesh (USD mn) 70,671.3 Dec 2020 quarterly Sep 2011 - Dec 2020
Belarus (USD mn) 41,158.7 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1995 - Mar 2021
Belgium (USD mn) 1,436,430.8 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2007 - Mar 2021
Bolivia (USD mn) 13,510.6 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 2006 - Jun 2020
Bosnia and Herzegovina (USD mn) 5,311.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Mar 2021
Botswana (USD mn) 1,294.1 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Brazil (USD mn) 548,388.8 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2021
Bulgaria (USD mn) 46,544.2 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Jun 2021
Cambodia (USD mn) 17,824.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2010 - Mar 2021
Canada (USD mn) 2,478,436.0 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1990 - Jun 2021
Chile (USD mn) 224,052.9 Jul 2021 monthly Dec 1995 - Jul 2021
China (USD mn) 2,526,600.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Jun 2003 - Mar 2021
Colombia (USD mn) 153,628.4 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Mar 2021
Croatia (USD mn) 53,596.6 May 2021 monthly Dec 1998 - May 2021
Cyprus (USD mn) 225,569.2 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2021
Czech Republic (USD mn) 201,108.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1993 - Dec 2020
Denmark (USD mn) 602,574.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2005 - Dec 2020
Ecuador (USD mn) 55,525.7 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jul 2021
Egypt (USD mn) 129,195.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Jun 1997 - Dec 2020
Estonia (USD mn) 31,106.3 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1996 - Jun 2021
European Union (USD mn) 18,103,392.6 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2021
Finland (USD mn) 690,274.7 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1991 - Mar 2021
France (USD mn) 7,379,997.5 Mar 2021 quarterly Jun 2004 - Mar 2021
Georgia (USD mn) 20,592.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2021
Germany (USD mn) 6,741,344.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Jun 1999 - Dec 2020
Ghana (USD mn) 24,598.8 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2012 - Mar 2021
Greece (USD mn) 591,346.7 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2003 - Mar 2021
Hong Kong SAR, China (USD mn) 1,776,248.4 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2001 - Mar 2021
Hungary (USD mn) 261,550.8 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2006 - Mar 2021
Iceland (USD mn) 20,262.0 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 1989 - Jun 2021
India (USD mn) 563,486.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Sep 1999 - Dec 2020
Indonesia (USD mn) 417,950.3 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2008 - Apr 2021
Iran (USD mn) 9,142.0 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (USD mn) 3,211,912.2 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2002 - Jun 2021
Israel (USD mn) 132,488.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2011 - Dec 2020
Italy (USD mn) 2,753,981.3 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2002 - Mar 2021
Ivory Coast (USD mn) 19,182.3 2019 yearly 1970 - 2019
Japan (USD mn) 4,574,792.2 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2003 - Jun 2021
Jordan (USD mn) 35,466.1 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2006 - Mar 2021
Kazakhstan (USD mn) 163,360.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2020
Kenya (USD mn) 37,230.4 Jun 2021 monthly Sep 1999 - Jun 2021
South Korea (USD mn) 565,896.7 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1994 - Mar 2021
Kosovo (USD mn) 2,952.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2011 - Mar 2021
Kuwait (USD mn) 53,819.1 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2018 - Sep 2020
Kyrgyzstan (USD mn) 8,693.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2005 - Dec 2020
Laos (USD mn) 9,935.6 2019 yearly 1996 - 2019
Latvia (USD mn) 42,960.8 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2021
Lebanon (USD mn) 33,676.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2007 - Dec 2020
Lithuania (USD mn) 41,795.5 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1996 - Mar 2021
Luxembourg (USD mn) 3,971,387.2 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2002 - Mar 2021
North Macedonia (USD mn) 10,598.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2005 - Dec 2020
Malawi (MWK mn) 2,021,553.2 2020 yearly 1984 - 2020
Malaysia (USD mn) 246,067.8 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2009 - Jun 2021
Malta (USD mn) 105,404.3 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2004 - Mar 2021
Mauritius (USD mn) 224,205.2 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2009 - Jun 2021
Mexico (USD mn) 462,504.4 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2020
Moldova (USD mn) 8,253.9 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2011 - Mar 2021
Mongolia (USD mn) 32,958.1 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2021
Montenegro (USD mn) 8,339.4 2019 yearly 2006 - 2019
Morocco (USD mn) 59,925.9 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2006 - Mar 2021
Mozambique (USD mn) 9,486.1 2017 yearly 1985 - 2017
Myanmar (USD mn) 11,114.4 2019 yearly 1970 - 2019
Nepal (USD mn) 7,121.3 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 2012 - Jun 2020
Netherlands (USD mn) 4,204,163.1 Mar 2021 quarterly Jun 2003 - Mar 2021
New Zealand (USD mn) 201,158.8 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1993 - Mar 2021
Nigeria (USD mn) 32,860.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2006 - Mar 2021
Norway (USD mn) 710,685.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2003 - Mar 2021
Pakistan (USD mn) 116,308.9 Mar 2021 quarterly Jun 2006 - Mar 2021
Palestinian Territory (USD mn) 2,052.0 Dec 2020 monthly Dec 2012 - Dec 2020
Panama (USD mn) 31,734.8 May 2021 monthly Jul 2004 - May 2021
Paraguay (USD mn) 19,549.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
Peru (USD mn) 93,270.7 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1980 - Mar 2021
Philippines (USD mn) 97,047.4 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Mar 2021
Poland (USD mn) 372,028.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
Portugal (USD mn) 492,790.7 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1996 - Jun 2021
Qatar (USD mn) 103,900.0 2010 yearly 2000 - 2010
Romania (USD mn) 156,586.5 Jul 2021 monthly Dec 2004 - Jul 2021
Russia (USD mn) 471,385.0 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2000 - Jun 2021
Serbia (USD mn) 37,684.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2003 - Dec 2020
Singapore (USD mn) 1,664,505.3 Mar 2021 quarterly Jun 2003 - Mar 2021
Slovakia (USD mn) 128,117.9 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1993 - Mar 2021
Slovenia (USD mn) 60,294.0 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Jul 2021
South Africa (USD mn) 170,836.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1985 - Dec 2020
Spain (USD mn) 2,665,703.3 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1993 - Mar 2021
Sri Lanka (USD mn) 49,211.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2012 - Dec 2020
Sudan (USD mn) 51,200.0 2019 yearly 2001 - 2019
Sweden (USD mn) 1,088,950.9 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2021
Switzerland (USD mn) 2,227,086.4 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2021
Taiwan (USD mn) 209,223.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Jun 1999 - Mar 2021
Tajikistan (USD mn) 6,608.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Jun 2015 - Dec 2020
Thailand (USD mn) 186,397.4 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
Tunisia (USD mn) 41,085.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2009 - Dec 2020
Turkey (USD mn) 450,047.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1989 - Dec 2020

Accurate Macro & Micro Economic Data You Can Trust

Explore the most complete set of 6.6 million time series covering more than 200 economies, 20 industries and 18 macroeconomic sectors.

Learn more about what we do

Iran Key Series

Buy Selected Data

Includes 158 key indicators for Iran, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -4.9 Mar 2019 quarterly Mar 2006 - Mar 2019
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) 2,119.524 Mar 2019 quarterly Jun 2005 - Mar 2019
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 30,033.352 2018 yearly 1996 - 2018
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 6.6 2018 yearly 1996 - 2018
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 16.5 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 1998 - Sep 2020
Forecast: Government Expenditure (IRR bn) 34,492,454.660 2026 yearly 1990 - 2026
Forecast: Government Net Debt (IRR bn) 67,187,932.800 2026 yearly 1996 - 2026
Forecast: Government Revenue (IRR bn) 17,640,779.420 2026 yearly 1990 - 2026
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 3.612 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Trade Balance (USD mn) 594,735,573.2 2015 yearly 1950 - 2015
Total Exports (USD mn) 1,827,723,956.8 2015 yearly 1950 - 2015
Total Exports Growth (%) -20.7 2015 yearly 1951 - 2015
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 308,742.838 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 91,255.199 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 102,286.387 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Imports (USD mn) 43,168.8 2019 yearly 1979 - 2019
Total Imports Growth (%) -11.7 2021 yearly 1980 - 2021
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 828,080.043 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 582,505.611 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 0.174 Oct 2020 monthly Feb 2016 - Oct 2020
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 1.965 Jan 2021 monthly May 2001 - Jan 2021
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 371.611 Feb 2021 monthly Dec 1990 - Feb 2021
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 406.608 Feb 2021 monthly Jan 1981 - Feb 2021
Exports: IG: Plastic Materials and Their Products (USD mn) 5,639.000 2019 yearly 2002 - 2019
Exports: Industrial Goods (IG) (USD mn) 33,233.350 2019 yearly 1979 - 2019
Exports (USD mn) 34,998.000 2021 yearly 1979 - 2021
Exports: Iraq (USD mn) 7,448.430 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: United Arab Emirates (USD mn) 4,661.620 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Germany (USD mn) 233.060 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: China (USD mn) 9,077.120 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Russia (USD mn) 504.580 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: Miscellaneous Finished Products (MF) (USD mn) 1,455.590 2021 yearly 1979 - 2021
Imports: Chemicals (USD mn) 6,212.880 2021 yearly 1979 - 2021
Imports: Mineral Products, Fuels, Industrial Oils and Grease (MP) (USD mn) 487.690 2021 yearly 1979 - 2021
Imports: Foodstuffs and Live Animals (FA) (USD mn) 7,670.380 2021 yearly 1979 - 2021
Imports: Machinery and Transportation Vehicles (MT) (USD mn) 13,616.510 2021 yearly 1979 - 2021
Imports: Natural Gas (Cub m bn) 0.300 2021 yearly 1974 - 2021
Imports: United Arab Emirates (USD mn) 9,757.790 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: Russia (USD mn) 1,070.260 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: Germany (USD mn) 1,851.170 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: China (USD mn) 9,843.010 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: Turkey (USD mn) 4,400.090 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 156.0 2018 yearly 1997 - 2018
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -707.7 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) 0.6 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 1,224.0 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.1 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 94.500 2019 yearly 1997 - 2019
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.0 2019 yearly 1997 - 2019
External Debt (USD mn) 9,142.0 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 1.1 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 1,538.9 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 0.2 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) 10.294 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
BoP: CA: Income: Credit (USD mn) 1,147.800 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
BoP: CA: CF: Capital Account: Credit (USD mn) 0.000 2019 yearly 1998 - 2019
BoP: CA: Services (USD mn) -3,998.700 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
BoP: CA: Current Transfers: Credit (USD mn) 996.600 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
BoP: CA: Goods (USD mn) 3,235.800 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
BoP: CA: Current Transfers (USD mn) 654.500 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
BoP: CA: Errors and Omissions (USD mn) -817.000 2019 yearly 1998 - 2019
BoP: CA: Income (USD mn) -599.300 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
BoP: CA: Current Transfers: Debit (USD mn) 342.100 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
BoP: CA: Income: Debit (USD mn) 1,747.100 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
BoP: CA: CF: Capital Account: Debit (USD mn) -5,133.000 2019 yearly 1998 - 2019
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 8.7 Sep 2020 monthly Jan 2011 - Sep 2020
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 172,902.381 Jun 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Jun 2021
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 882,238.095 Jun 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Jun 2021
M2 Growth (%) 39.4 Jun 2021 monthly Dec 2000 - Jun 2021
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 10.0 Apr 2021 monthly Mar 2008 - Apr 2021
Total Deposits (USD mn) 810,159.524 2020 yearly 1973 - 2020
Total Deposits Growth (%) 31.9 2019 yearly 1974 - 2019
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 276,897.2 Feb 2017 monthly Jan 1964 - Feb 2017
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 25.8 Feb 2017 monthly Jan 1965 - Feb 2017
Total Loans (USD mn) 236,845.352 2016 yearly 1967 - 2016
Total Loans Growth (%) 23.00 2016 yearly 1968 - 2016
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 66.06 2016 yearly 1961 - 2016
Money Supply: Monetary Base (IRR bn) 4,559,500.000 Mar 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Mar 2021
Money Supply: M2: Quasi Money (IRR bn) 29,792,100.000 Jun 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Jun 2021
Money Supply: M2: M1 (IRR bn) 7,261,900.000 Jun 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Jun 2021

Check out our pricing options.

Explore the most complete set of 6.6 million time series covering more than 200 economies, 20 industries and 18 macroeconomic sectors.

View pricing options

CEIC Flex

from $39

Entry level access to the CEIC platform for individual users. Download limits apply. Payable monthly by credit card.

View this option

CEIC Unlimited

Request a Demo

Full and unlimited access to CEIC data for multiple users. Suitable for enterprise usage. Available via annual subscription to one or more of CEIC’s global and premium databases.

Request a demo
Unlimited access tailored to your data needs
Flexible monthly access to CEIC data