Thailand External Debt

1999 - 2021 | Quarterly | USD mn | CEIC Data

Key information about Thailand External Debt

  • Thailand External Debt reached 189.9 USD bn in Sep 2021, compared with 187.1 USD bn in the previous quarter.
  • Thailand External Debt: USD mn data is updated quarterly, available from Mar 1999 to Sep 2021.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 190.7 USD bn in Dec 2020 and a record low of 49.9 USD bn in Jun 2004.

CEIC extends history for quarterly External Debt. The Bank of Thailand provides External Debt in USD based on BPM6. External Debt prior to Q1 2005 is based on BPM5.


Related information about Thailand External Debt
  • In the latest reports of Thailand, Current Account recorded a surplus of 345.8 USD mn in Nov 2021.
  • Thailand Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 3.9 USD bn in Sep 2021.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment increased by 206.4 USD mn in Sep 2021.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 130.9 USD bn in Dec 2020.

View Thailand's External Debt from Mar 1999 to Sep 2021 in the chart:

Thailand External Debt

What was Thailand's External Debt in Sep 2021?

Thailand External Debt reached 189.9 USD bn in Sep 2021, compared with 187.1 USD bn in the previous quarter. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
189,913.8 Sep 2021 187,084.8 Jun 2021 49,945.5 Jun 2004 190,712.8 Dec 2020 USD mn quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2021

External Debt by Country Comparison

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Includes External Debt on 109 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (USD mn) 10,387.7 Sep 2021 quarterly Dec 2003 - Sep 2021
Algeria (USD mn) 3,838.0 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 2007 - Dec 2019
Argentina (USD mn) 271,505.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2006 - Dec 2020
Armenia (USD mn) 6,753.6 May 2021 monthly Dec 2012 - May 2021
Australia (USD mn) 1,848,275.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Sep 1988 - Mar 2021
Austria (USD mn) 746,144.6 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 1997 - Sep 2021
Azerbaijan (USD mn) 8,821.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2020
Bangladesh (USD mn) 70,671.3 Dec 2020 quarterly Sep 2011 - Dec 2020
Belarus (USD mn) 42,301.0 Sep 2021 quarterly Dec 1995 - Sep 2021
Belgium (USD mn) 1,453,493.8 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2007 - Sep 2021
Bolivia (USD mn) 13,510.6 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 2006 - Jun 2020
Bosnia and Herzegovina (USD mn) 5,398.0 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2021
Botswana (USD mn) 1,294.1 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Brazil (USD mn) 548,388.8 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2021
Bulgaria (USD mn) 47,558.6 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Sep 2021
Cambodia (USD mn) 18,920.5 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2010 - Sep 2021
Canada (USD mn) 2,565,552.0 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 1990 - Sep 2021
Chile (USD mn) 237,169.7 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1995 - Nov 2021
China (USD mn) 2,696,465.8 Sep 2021 quarterly Jun 2003 - Sep 2021
Colombia (USD mn) 153,628.4 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Mar 2021
Croatia (USD mn) 51,463.4 Sep 2021 monthly Dec 1998 - Sep 2021
Cyprus (USD mn) 222,735.8 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Sep 2021
Czech Republic (USD mn) 201,108.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1993 - Dec 2020
Denmark (USD mn) 591,870.7 Sep 2021 quarterly Dec 2005 - Sep 2021
Ecuador (USD mn) 57,436.5 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Oct 2021
Egypt (USD mn) 129,195.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Jun 1997 - Dec 2020
Estonia (USD mn) 29,817.5 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 1996 - Sep 2021
European Union (USD mn) 18,244,685.7 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Jun 2021
Finland (USD mn) 705,003.4 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 1991 - Sep 2021
France (USD mn) 7,509,694.2 Sep 2021 quarterly Jun 2004 - Sep 2021
Georgia (USD mn) 21,043.7 Sep 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Sep 2021
Germany (USD mn) 6,823,810.2 Sep 2021 quarterly Jun 1999 - Sep 2021
Ghana (USD mn) 24,598.8 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2012 - Mar 2021
Greece (USD mn) 622,979.1 Sep 2021 quarterly Dec 2003 - Sep 2021
Hong Kong SAR, China (USD mn) 1,877,853.7 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2001 - Sep 2021
Hungary (USD mn) 267,396.0 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2006 - Sep 2021
Iceland (USD mn) 20,262.0 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 1989 - Jun 2021
India (USD mn) 563,486.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Sep 1999 - Dec 2020
Indonesia (USD mn) 417,950.3 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2008 - Apr 2021
Iran (USD mn) 9,142.0 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (USD mn) 3,211,912.2 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2002 - Jun 2021
Israel (USD mn) 132,488.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2011 - Dec 2020
Italy (USD mn) 2,799,439.5 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2002 - Jun 2021
Ivory Coast (USD mn) 25,072.7 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Japan (USD mn) 4,751,523.5 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2003 - Sep 2021
Jordan (USD mn) 37,797.6 Sep 2021 quarterly Dec 2006 - Sep 2021
Kazakhstan (USD mn) 163,360.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2020
Kenya (USD mn) 37,230.4 Jun 2021 monthly Sep 1999 - Jun 2021
South Korea (USD mn) 565,896.7 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1994 - Mar 2021
Kosovo (USD mn) 3,289.2 Sep 2021 quarterly Dec 2011 - Sep 2021
Kuwait (USD mn) 53,819.1 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2018 - Sep 2020
Kyrgyzstan (USD mn) 8,693.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2005 - Dec 2020
Laos (USD mn) 9,935.6 2019 yearly 1996 - 2019
Latvia (USD mn) 42,960.8 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2021
Lebanon (USD mn) 33,676.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2007 - Dec 2020
Lithuania (USD mn) 45,888.4 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 1996 - Jun 2021
Luxembourg (USD mn) 3,895,566.5 Sep 2021 quarterly Dec 2002 - Sep 2021
North Macedonia (USD mn) 10,598.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2005 - Dec 2020
Malawi (MWK mn) 2,021,553.2 2020 yearly 1984 - 2020
Malaysia (USD mn) 252,443.2 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2021
Malta (USD mn) 108,384.6 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2004 - Jun 2021
Mauritius (USD mn) 220,559.4 Sep 2021 quarterly Dec 2009 - Sep 2021
Mexico (USD mn) 462,504.4 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2020
Moldova (USD mn) 8,664.2 Sep 2021 quarterly Dec 2011 - Sep 2021
Mongolia (USD mn) 33,319.8 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2021
Montenegro (USD mn) 9,722.7 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Morocco (USD mn) 65,353.0 Sep 2021 quarterly Dec 2006 - Sep 2021
Mozambique (USD mn) 9,486.1 2017 yearly 1985 - 2017
Myanmar (USD mn) 13,348.1 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Nepal (USD mn) 7,121.3 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 2012 - Jun 2020
Netherlands (USD mn) 4,167,687.6 Sep 2021 quarterly Jun 2003 - Sep 2021
New Zealand (USD mn) 202,779.5 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 1993 - Sep 2021
Nigeria (USD mn) 37,955.1 Sep 2021 quarterly Dec 2006 - Sep 2021
Norway (USD mn) 716,824.1 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2003 - Sep 2021
Pakistan (USD mn) 116,308.9 Mar 2021 quarterly Jun 2006 - Mar 2021
Palestinian Territory (USD mn) 2,052.0 Dec 2020 monthly Dec 2012 - Dec 2020
Panama (USD mn) 31,734.8 May 2021 monthly Jul 2004 - May 2021
Paraguay (USD mn) 19,549.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
Peru (USD mn) 93,270.7 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1980 - Mar 2021
Philippines (USD mn) 105,929.2 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2021
Poland (USD mn) 366,390.0 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2021
Portugal (USD mn) 480,282.9 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 1996 - Sep 2021
Qatar (USD mn) 103,900.0 2010 yearly 2000 - 2010
Romania (USD mn) 153,218.8 Oct 2021 monthly Dec 2004 - Oct 2021
Russia (USD mn) 490,635.0 Sep 2021 quarterly Dec 2000 - Sep 2021
Serbia (USD mn) 40,788.8 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2003 - Sep 2021
Singapore (USD mn) 1,691,907.3 Sep 2021 quarterly Jun 2003 - Sep 2021
Slovakia (USD mn) 131,458.5 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 1993 - Sep 2021
Slovenia (USD mn) 59,146.2 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Oct 2021
South Africa (USD mn) 170,836.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1985 - Dec 2020
Spain (USD mn) 2,686,197.4 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 1993 - Sep 2021
Sri Lanka (USD mn) 49,211.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2012 - Dec 2020
Sudan (USD mn) 51,200.0 2019 yearly 2001 - 2019
Sweden (USD mn) 1,093,834.5 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2021
Switzerland (USD mn) 2,313,386.4 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Jun 2021
Taiwan (USD mn) 209,223.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Jun 1999 - Mar 2021
Tajikistan (USD mn) 6,608.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Jun 2015 - Dec 2020
Thailand (USD mn) 189,913.8 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2021
Tunisia (USD mn) 41,085.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2009 - Dec 2020
Turkey (USD mn) 450,047.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1989 - Dec 2020

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Thailand Key Series

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Includes 305 key indicators for Thailand, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) 1.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Sep 2002 - Dec 2020
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -5,353.185 Mar 2021 monthly Oct 2001 - Mar 2021
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 67,496.915 2020 yearly 1984 - 2020
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 13.4 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
National Government Debt (USD mn) 251,956.3 Nov 2021 monthly Oct 1997 - Nov 2021
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 44.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1997 - Dec 2020
Forecast: Government Expenditure (THB bn) 4,976.160 2026 yearly 1995 - 2026
Forecast: Government Net Debt (THB bn) 12,407.260 2026 yearly 1996 - 2026
Forecast: Government Revenue (THB bn) 4,240.380 2026 yearly 1995 - 2026
Govt Revenue: Gross: Revenue Dept: Value Added Tax (THB mn) 68,616.81 Jun 2018 monthly Oct 1989 - Jun 2018
Govt Revenue: Gross: Excise Dept (THB mn) 47,541.47 Jun 2018 monthly Oct 1989 - Jun 2018
Total Public Debt as % of GDP (%) 59.580 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Nov 2021
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 3.929 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Trade Balance (USD mn) 1,018.7 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1957 - Nov 2021
Total Exports (USD mn) 24,222.5 Mar 2021 monthly Oct 1990 - Mar 2021
Total Exports Growth (%) 33.5 Nov 2021 monthly Oct 1991 - Nov 2021
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 906,263.336 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 473,140.446 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 158,255.608 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Imports (USD mn) 21,246.8 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Apr 2021
Total Imports Growth (%) 28.9 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1992 - Nov 2021
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 1,827,086.391 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 993,571.482 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 2,972.109 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 1971 - Dec 2020
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 1,381.095 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 1971 - Mar 2021
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 3,251.772 Apr 2021 monthly Sep 1978 - Apr 2021
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 5,411.602 Apr 2021 monthly Apr 1974 - Apr 2021
MoC: Exports: Custom Basis (THB mn) 783,424.556 Nov 2021 monthly Oct 1990 - Nov 2021
MoC: Trade Balance: Custom Basis (THB mn) 23,745.200 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Nov 2021
MoC: Imports: Custom Basis (THB mn) 759,679.356 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Nov 2021
Exports: Mfg: Electronics: Computer Parts (THB mn) 43,205.540 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Nov 2021
Exports: Agriculture: Rubber (THB mn) 16,371.890 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Nov 2021
Exports: Mfg: Machinery & Equipment (THB mn) 62,352.390 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Nov 2021
Exports: Mfg: Automotive (THB mn) 117,882.560 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Nov 2021
Exports: Agriculture: Rice (THB mn) 12,771.320 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Nov 2021
Imports: Consumer Goods: ND: Animal and Fishery (THB mn) 12,079.530 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Nov 2021
Imports: Others: Non-Monetary Gold (THB mn) 12,267.640 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Nov 2021
Imports: Capital Goods: Machinery and Equipment (ME) (THB mn) 148,097.000 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Nov 2021
Imports: RM: Non-Agro: Electronic Parts (THB mn) 117,201.870 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Nov 2021
Imports: RM: Non-Agro: Base Metal Materials (THB mn) 77,011.380 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Nov 2021
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 3,920.9 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2021
Current Account Balance (USD mn) 345.8 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1985 - Nov 2021
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -4.3 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 1993 - Sep 2021
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) -517.0 Jul 2020 monthly Jan 2005 - Jul 2020
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) -5.3 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1993 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 206.390 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 1.3 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) 1,098.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1976 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) 694.430 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1976 - Dec 2020
External Debt (USD mn) 189,913.8 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2021
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 36.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2020
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 71,579.7 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2021
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 15.0 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) 21.921 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) 54,978.590 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2012 - Dec 2020
BOP: USD: Current Account Balance (USD mn) 345.800 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Nov 2021
Private Investment Index (PII): Seasonally Adjusted (SA) (2010=100) 139.20 Jun 2018 monthly Jan 2010 - Jun 2018
FDI: Financial & Insurance Activities (THB mn) 44,753.620 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2021
FDI: Manufacturing (THB mn) 51,834.540 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2021
FDI: Mining & Quarrying (THB mn) -1,728.410 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2021
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI): Agr, Forestry & Fishing (THB mn) 113.580 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2021
FDI: Construction (THB mn) 56.440 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2021
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 3.0 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1998 - Dec 2019
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 89.3 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2003 - Dec 2020
Non-Performing Loans (USD mn) 17,188.416 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1998 - Mar 2021
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 83,225.636 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1975 - Nov 2021
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 705,347.158 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Nov 2021
M2 Growth (%) 4.6 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1998 - Nov 2021
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 1.0 Dec 2021 monthly Sep 1997 - Dec 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 234,430.1 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Mar 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 9.8 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Nov 2021
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 14,247.550 Dec 2021 monthly Dec 1956 - Dec 2021
Total Deposits (USD mn) 484,926.140 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 2000 - Nov 2021
Total Deposits Growth (%) 9.7 Feb 2021 monthly Dec 2001 - Feb 2021
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 709,247.5 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Nov 2021
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 8.7 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2004 - Nov 2021
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector (%) 10.500 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2021
Credit to Households (USD bn) 386.224 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 1991 - Jun 2021
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector (USD bn) 653.280 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1957 - Jun 2021
Household Debt (USD mn) 426,365.7 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2003 - Sep 2021
Total Loans (USD mn) 538,167.269 Feb 2021 monthly Jan 2007 - Feb 2021
Total Loans Growth (%) 3.76 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2008 - Apr 2021
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 167.03 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2011 - Dec 2020
MA: Narrow Money (NM) (THB mn) 2,811,362.000 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Nov 2021
Monetary Aggregates (MA): Broad Money (THB mn) 23,826,627.000 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Nov 2021
MA: Quasi Money (THB mn) 21,015,265.000 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Nov 2021
Credit: Outs: CB: Individuals (THB mn) 6,215,147.000 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2004 - Nov 2021
Credit: Outs: CB: Businesses (THB mn) 6,728,642.000 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2004 - Nov 2021
Deposit: Outs: CB: Businesses (THB mn) 4,937,050.000 Nov 2021 monthly Oct 2003 - Nov 2021
Deposit: Outs: CB: Individuals (THB mn) 8,473,203.000 Nov 2021 monthly Oct 2003 - Nov 2021
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Global Competitiveness Index (Score) 68.112 2019 yearly 2017 - 2019
Business Confidence Growth (% Point) 15.0 Mar 2021 monthly Feb 2000 - Mar 2021
Leading Economic Index (LEI): BOT: Seasonally Adjusted (2000=100) 150.37 Jun 2018 monthly Jan 1993 - Jun 2018

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