Nigeria External Debt

2006 - 2023 | Quarterly | USD mn | CEIC Data

Key information about Nigeria External Debt

  • Nigeria External Debt reached 42.5 USD bn in Dec 2023, compared with 41.6 USD bn in the previous quarter.
  • Nigeria External Debt: USD mn data is updated quarterly, available from Dec 2006 to Dec 2023.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 43.2 USD bn in Jun 2023 and a record low of 3.3 USD bn in Mar 2007.

Debt Management Office Nigeria provides quarterly External Debt in USD. External Debt covers General Government Debt only.


Related information about Nigeria External Debt
  • In the latest reports of Nigeria, Current Account recorded a surplus of 2.3 USD bn in Dec 2022.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 752.7 USD mn in Dec 2022.
  • Nigeria Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 274.7 USD mn in Dec 2022.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment increased by 337.4 USD mn in Dec 2022.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 111.3 USD bn in Mar 2023.

View Nigeria's External Debt from Dec 2006 to Dec 2023 in the chart:

Nigeria External Debt

What was Nigeria's External Debt in Dec 2023?

Nigeria External Debt reached 42.5 USD bn in Dec 2023, compared with 41.6 USD bn in the previous quarter. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
42,495.2 Dec 2023 41,594.5 Sep 2023 3,287.7 Mar 2007 43,159.2 Jun 2023 USD mn quarterly Dec 2006 - Dec 2023

External Debt by Country Comparison

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Includes External Debt on 109 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (USD mn) 11,224.8 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 2003 - Dec 2023
Algeria (USD mn) 3,838.0 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 2007 - Dec 2019
Argentina (USD mn) 285,951.3 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2006 - Dec 2023
Armenia (USD mn) 6,427.8 Mar 2024 monthly Dec 2012 - Mar 2024
Australia (USD mn) 1,958,183.0 Dec 2023 quarterly Sep 1988 - Dec 2023
Austria (USD mn) 744,396.0 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1997 - Sep 2023
Azerbaijan (USD mn) 8,135.7 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2021
Bangladesh (USD mn) 100,639.4 Dec 2023 quarterly Sep 2011 - Dec 2023
Belarus (USD mn) 36,875.3 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 1995 - Dec 2023
Belgium (USD mn) 1,531,740.1 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2007 - Dec 2023
Bolivia (USD mn) 15,786.4 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2006 - Dec 2023
Bosnia and Herzegovina (USD mn) 5,020.9 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2023
Botswana (USD mn) 1,431.8 2023 yearly 1994 - 2023
Brazil (USD mn) 575,357.5 Dec 2022 quarterly Dec 1999 - Dec 2022
Bulgaria (USD mn) 48,002.4 Feb 2024 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2024
Cambodia (USD mn) 22,625.6 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2010 - Dec 2023
Canada (USD mn) 2,912,639.8 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1990 - Sep 2023
Chile (USD mn) 241,706.4 Mar 2024 monthly Dec 1995 - Mar 2024
China (USD mn) 2,447,537.5 Dec 2023 quarterly Jun 2003 - Dec 2023
Colombia (USD mn) 198,034.1 Jan 2024 monthly Jan 2001 - Jan 2024
Croatia (USD mn) 52,854.6 Dec 2022 monthly Dec 1998 - Dec 2022
Cyprus (USD mn) 189,930.8 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2023
Czech Republic (USD mn) 206,569.6 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 1993 - Dec 2023
Denmark (USD mn) 540,007.1 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 2005 - Dec 2023
Ecuador (USD mn) 57,327.9 Feb 2024 monthly Jan 1994 - Feb 2024
Egypt (USD mn) 168,034.0 Dec 2023 quarterly Jun 1997 - Dec 2023
Estonia (USD mn) 37,602.9 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 1996 - Dec 2023
European Union (USD mn) 17,422,123.8 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2023
Finland (USD mn) 660,514.2 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 1991 - Dec 2023
France (USD mn) 7,650,849.8 Dec 2023 quarterly Jun 2004 - Dec 2023
Georgia (USD mn) 23,373.2 Sep 2023 quarterly Dec 1999 - Sep 2023
Germany (USD mn) 6,758,013.6 Dec 2023 quarterly Jun 1999 - Dec 2023
Ghana (USD mn) 29,185.2 Nov 2022 monthly Jan 2012 - Nov 2022
Greece (USD mn) 611,538.4 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 2003 - Dec 2023
Hong Kong SAR, China (USD mn) 1,838,766.3 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2001 - Dec 2023
Hungary (USD mn) 279,807.9 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2006 - Dec 2023
Iceland (USD mn) 22,508.6 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 1989 - Dec 2023
India (USD mn) 648,192.0 Dec 2023 quarterly Sep 1999 - Dec 2023
Indonesia (USD mn) 407,273.9 Feb 2024 monthly Jan 2008 - Feb 2024
Iran (USD mn) 6,281.7 2023 yearly 1994 - 2023
Ireland (USD mn) 3,147,735.2 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 2002 - Dec 2023
Israel (USD mn) 154,690.5 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2011 - Dec 2023
Italy (USD mn) 2,808,395.1 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 2002 - Dec 2023
Ivory Coast (USD mn) 29,752.4 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Japan (USD mn) 4,487,872.6 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2003 - Dec 2023
Jordan (USD mn) 41,188.6 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 2006 - Dec 2023
Kazakhstan (USD mn) 162,697.5 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2023
Kenya (USD mn) 38,664.5 Dec 2023 monthly Sep 1999 - Dec 2023
South Korea (USD mn) 663,631.1 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 1994 - Dec 2023
Kosovo (USD mn) 4,256.7 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 2011 - Dec 2023
Kuwait (USD mn) 59,638.5 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2018 - Sep 2023
Kyrgyzstan (USD mn) 10,113.8 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 2005 - Dec 2023
Laos (USD mn) 10,234.8 2022 yearly 1996 - 2022
Latvia (USD mn) 43,947.1 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2023
Lebanon (USD mn) 34,671.0 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 2007 - Dec 2023
Lithuania (USD mn) 54,461.9 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 1996 - Dec 2023
Luxembourg (USD mn) 3,791,246.5 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 2002 - Dec 2023
North Macedonia (USD mn) 12,666.2 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 2005 - Dec 2023
Malawi (MWK mn) 2,812,733.5 2021 yearly 1984 - 2021
Malaysia (USD mn) 270,687.1 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Dec 2023
Malta (USD mn) 222,092.9 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2004 - Dec 2023
Mauritius (USD mn) 196,972.0 Mar 2024 quarterly Dec 2009 - Mar 2024
Mexico (USD mn) 447,827.9 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2021
Moldova (USD mn) 10,465.6 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2009 - Dec 2023
Mongolia (USD mn) 34,569.8 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2023
Montenegro (USD mn) 8,815.2 2022 yearly 2006 - 2022
Morocco (USD mn) 63,124.2 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2006 - Sep 2022
Mozambique (USD mn) 10,073.2 2022 yearly 1985 - 2022
Myanmar (USD mn) 12,537.5 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Nepal (USD mn) 9,585.8 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2012 - Sep 2023
Netherlands (USD mn) 3,871,910.2 Dec 2023 quarterly Jun 2003 - Dec 2023
New Zealand (USD mn) 223,600.4 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 1993 - Dec 2023
Nigeria (USD mn) 42,495.2 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 2006 - Dec 2023
Norway (USD mn) 772,516.8 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2003 - Dec 2023
Pakistan (USD mn) 131,159.1 Dec 2023 quarterly Jun 2006 - Dec 2023
Palestinian Territory (USD mn) 1,535.0 Dec 2018 monthly Dec 2012 - Dec 2018
Panama (USD mn) 42,843.7 Mar 2024 monthly Jul 2004 - Mar 2024
Paraguay (USD mn) 21,762.3 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2008 - Sep 2022
Peru (USD mn) 102,172.1 Dec 2022 quarterly Mar 2012 - Dec 2022
Philippines (USD mn) 125,393.7 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2023
Poland (USD mn) 426,901.0 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2023
Portugal (USD mn) 441,811.0 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 1996 - Dec 2023
Qatar (USD mn) 194,500.0 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (USD mn) 169,046.9 Apr 2023 monthly Dec 2004 - Apr 2023
Russia (USD mn) 304,007.0 Mar 2024 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2024
Serbia (USD mn) 50,196.9 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2003 - Dec 2023
Singapore (USD mn) 1,995,943.0 Dec 2023 quarterly Jun 2003 - Dec 2023
Slovakia (USD mn) 130,380.1 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 1993 - Dec 2023
Slovenia (USD mn) 60,664.8 Apr 2023 monthly Jan 2001 - Apr 2023
South Africa (USD mn) 158,081.0 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 1985 - Dec 2023
Spain (USD mn) 2,676,056.0 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 1993 - Dec 2023
Sri Lanka (USD mn) 54,831.6 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 2012 - Dec 2023
Sudan (USD mn) 62,400.0 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
Sweden (USD mn) 1,041,898.0 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2023
Switzerland (USD mn) 2,281,043.7 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 1999 - Dec 2023
Taiwan (USD mn) 206,499.0 Dec 2023 quarterly Jun 1999 - Dec 2023
Tajikistan (USD mn) 6,228.3 Dec 2023 quarterly Jun 2015 - Dec 2023
Thailand (USD mn) 193,212.3 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2023
Tunisia (USD mn) 40,844.1 Sep 2023 quarterly Dec 2009 - Sep 2023
Turkey (USD mn) 499,885.7 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 1989 - Dec 2023

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Nigeria Key Series

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Includes 182 key indicators for Nigeria, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -4.8 Sep 2023 quarterly Dec 2010 - Sep 2023
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -3,071.175 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2023
National Government Debt (USD mn) 101,710.7 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 2006 - Dec 2023
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 39.8 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2023
Forecast: Government Expenditure (NGN bn) 99,387.936 2029 yearly 1990 - 2029
Forecast: Government Net Debt (NGN bn) 205,772.040 2028 yearly 1990 - 2028
Forecast: Government Revenue (NGN bn) 74,924.965 2029 yearly 1990 - 2029
Federal Govt Balance (NGN bn) -2,347.160 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2023
Federal Govt Expenditure: Capital (NGN bn) 1,043.310 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2023
Gross Federation Account Revenue (NGN bn) 4,791.390 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2023
Federal Govt Expenditure: Recurrent (NGN bn) 2,791.110 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2023
Federal Govt Revenue (NGN bn) 1,693.020 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2023
Federal Govt Expenditure (NGN bn) 4,040.180 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2023
Gross Federation Account Revenue: Oil (NGN bn) 814.230 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2023
Government Debt: Domestic (NGN bn) 53,258.012 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 2005 - Dec 2023
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) -1.879 2028 yearly 1991 - 2028
Trade Balance (USD mn) 1,889.4 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2003 - Sep 2023
Total Exports (USD mn) 4,751.7 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2003 - Dec 2023
Total Exports Growth (%) 82.1 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2004 - Dec 2023
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 165,856.846 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 2,876.353 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 480.530 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Total Imports (USD mn) 2,989.3 Mar 2023 monthly Jan 2003 - Mar 2023
Total Imports Growth (%) 34.5 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2004 - Sep 2023
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 755,360.705 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 508,406.689 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 332.105 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2003 - Dec 2023
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 176.789 Dec 2023 monthly Dec 2009 - Dec 2023
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 24.772 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2007 - Sep 2023
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 715.679 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2007 - Sep 2023
Imports (NGN mn) 2,429,185.197 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2003 - Sep 2023
Exports: Crude Oil (NGN mn) 3,404,818.113 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2003 - Dec 2023
Total Trade (NGN mn) 6,865,948.584 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2003 - Dec 2023
Exports: Europe: ow Netherlands (NGN mn) 523,568.988 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2003 - Dec 2023
Exports (NGN mn) 4,284,566.609 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2003 - Dec 2023
Exports: Europe: ow UK (NGN mn) 93,037.938 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2003 - Dec 2023
Exports: America: ow USA (NGN mn) 299,453.208 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2003 - Dec 2023
Exports: Mineral Products (NGN mn) 24,389,951.388 2022 yearly 2003 - 2022
Exports: Vegetable Products (NGN mn) 316,546.604 2022 yearly 2003 - 2022
Imports: Europe: ow Netherlands (NGN mn) 158,090.619 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2003 - Dec 2023
Imports: America: ow USA (NGN mn) 159,407.643 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2003 - Dec 2023
Imports: Asia: ow China (NGN mn) 631,502.155 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2007 - Dec 2023
Imports: Europe: ow Germany (NGN mn) 68,742.651 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2003 - Sep 2023
Imports: Europe: ow UK (NGN mn) 71,966.938 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2003 - Sep 2023
Imports: Chemicals and Chemical Products (NGN mn) 385,751.608 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2003 - Dec 2023
Imports: Manufactured Goods (NGN mn) 184,959.341 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2003 - Sep 2023
Imports: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants and Related Materials (NGN mn) 810,486.908 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2003 - Dec 2023
Imports: Food and Live Animals (NGN mn) 364,417.505 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2003 - Dec 2023
Imports: Machinery and Transport Equipment (NGN mn) 639,703.694 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2003 - Sep 2023
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 44.0 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2008 - Sep 2023
Current Account Balance (USD mn) 1,545.4 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2014 - Sep 2023
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) 1.9 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2014 - Sep 2023
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 1,197.6 Mar 2023 quarterly Mar 2014 - Mar 2023
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 1.1 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2010 - Sep 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 2,876.923 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2008 - Sep 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 3.6 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2010 - Sep 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) 270.9 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2008 - Sep 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) 2,606.059 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2008 - Sep 2023
External Debt (USD mn) 42,495.2 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 2006 - Dec 2023
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 11.9 2023 yearly 1985 - 2023
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 1,005.6 2020 yearly 2008 - 2020
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 0.2 2020 yearly 2008 - 2020
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) 0.890 2028 yearly 1980 - 2028
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) -90,273.874 2022 yearly 2005 - 2022
External Debt: Service Payments (USD mn) 194.440 Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2018
External Debt: Government (USD mn) 42,495.160 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 2006 - Dec 2023
External Debt: Government: International Capital Market (USD mn) 15,118.350 Dec 2023 quarterly Mar 2011 - Dec 2023
Capital Inflow: Foreign Direct Investment (USD) 20,080,525.860 Nov 2022 monthly Jan 2007 - Nov 2022
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 6.1 2019 yearly 2003 - 2019
Non-Performing Loans (USD mn) 3,315.011 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2007 - Mar 2021
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 24,423.728 Mar 2024 monthly Nov 1992 - Mar 2024
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 69,409.454 Mar 2024 monthly Nov 1992 - Mar 2024
M2 Growth (%) 70.4 Mar 2024 monthly Nov 1993 - Mar 2024
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 45.0 Apr 2024 monthly Nov 2005 - Apr 2024
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 33,217.6 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1960 - Dec 2023
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 8.942 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2023
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 11.6 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2003 - Dec 2023
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 1,273.284 Sep 2023 monthly Dec 1950 - Sep 2023
Total Deposits (USD mn) 84,213.801 Dec 2019 monthly Nov 1992 - Dec 2019
Total Deposits Growth (%) 2.6 Dec 2019 monthly Nov 1993 - Dec 2019
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 68,258.1 Mar 2024 monthly Nov 1992 - Mar 2024
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 28.7 Mar 2024 monthly Nov 1993 - Mar 2024
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 16.22 Sep 2023 quarterly Dec 2010 - Sep 2023
Monetary Survey: Liabilities: Base Money (NGN mn) 23,384,818.660 Mar 2024 monthly Jan 1993 - Mar 2024
Monetary Survey: Liabilities: M2: M1 (NGN mn) 32,489,908.180 Mar 2024 monthly Nov 1992 - Mar 2024
Monetary Survey: Liabilities: M2: Quasi Money (NGN mn) 59,842,712.030 Mar 2024 monthly Nov 1992 - Mar 2024
Monetary Survey: Liabilities: M2 (NGN mn) 92,332,620.210 Mar 2024 monthly Nov 1992 - Mar 2024
Monetary Survey: Liabilities: M3 (NGN mn) 35,345,802.020 Jun 2020 monthly Nov 1992 - Jun 2020
Non Performing Loans to Gross Loans (%) 4.210 Dec 2022 semiannually Dec 2003 - Dec 2022
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Business Confidence Growth (% Point) -0.6 Nov 2023 monthly Jul 2015 - Nov 2023

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