Nigeria Government Debt: % of GDP

2010 - 2020 | Quarterly | % | CEIC Data

Nigeria Government debt accounted for 18.8 % of the country's Nominal GDP in Dec 2020, compared with the ratio of 18.9 % in the previous quarter. Nigeria government debt to GDP ratio data is updated quarterly, available from Dec 2010 to Dec 2020. The data reached an all-time high of 18.9 % in Sep 2020 and a record low of 9.6 % in Dec 2010. CEIC calculates quarterly Government Debt as % of Nominal GDP from quarterly Government Debt and rolling sum of quarterly Nominal GDP. Government Debt is calculated as a sum of Domestic and External Government Debt. The Debt Management Office provides Government Debt in USD and local currency. The National Bureau of Statistics of the Federal Republic of Nigeria provides Nominal GDP in local currency. The Central Bank of Nigeria period end market exchange rate is used for currency conversions. Nominal GDP at basic prices is used.

In the latest reports, Nigeria National Government Debt reached 75.6 USD bn in Dec 2020. The country's Nominal GDP reached 114.8 USD bn in Dec 2020.

View Nigeria's Government Debt: % of GDP from Dec 2010 to Dec 2020 in the chart:

Nigeria Government Debt: % of GDP

What was Nigeria's Government Debt: % of GDP in Dec 2020?

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
18.8 Dec 2020 18.9 Sep 2020 9.6 Dec 2010 18.9 Sep 2020 % quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2020

Government Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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Includes Government Debt: % of GDP on 107 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 73.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Sep 2010 - Dec 2020
Algeria (%) 36.3 2018 yearly 1997 - 2018
Argentina (%) 102.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2004 - Dec 2020
Armenia (%) 67.3 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2013 - Dec 2020
Australia (%) 43.2 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Austria (%) 83.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
Azerbaijan (%) 6.4 2010 yearly 2008 - 2010
Bahrain (%) 100.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2007 - Dec 2020
Bangladesh (%) 21.3 2020 yearly 2010 - 2020
Belarus (%) 39.3 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2003 - Mar 2021
Belgium (%) 114.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1980 - Dec 2020
Bolivia (%) 27.2 2014 yearly 1998 - 2014
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 23.0 2019 yearly 2007 - 2019
Botswana (%) 13.9 Dec 2019 quarterly Jun 2014 - Dec 2019
Brazil (%) 89.1 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2006 - Mar 2021
Bulgaria (%) 25.3 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2007 - Sep 2020
Cambodia (%) 28.1 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
Canada (%) 72.1 2021 yearly 1962 - 2021
Chile (%) 34.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2020
China (%) 20.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2014 - Dec 2020
Colombia (%) 65.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2005 - Dec 2020
Croatia (%) 89.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1995 - Dec 2020
Cyprus (%) 119.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2020
Czech Republic (%) 38.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
Denmark (%) 42.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
Ecuador (%) 63.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2005 - Dec 2020
Egypt (%) 68.6 Jun 2020 quarterly Jun 2006 - Jun 2020
Estonia (%) 18.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
European Union (%) 90.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
Finland (%) 69.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
France (%) 115.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1995 - Dec 2020
Georgia (%) 59.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2006 - Dec 2020
Germany (%) 69.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
Ghana (%) 76.1 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Greece (%) 205.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1999 - Dec 2020
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 42.2 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Hungary (%) 78.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1990 - Dec 2020
Iceland (%) 68.3 2019 yearly 1998 - 2019
India (%) 56.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2012 - Dec 2020
Indonesia (%) 39.4 Dec 2020 quarterly Jun 2015 - Dec 2020
Iran (%) 16.5 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 1998 - Sep 2020
Ireland (%) 59.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
Israel (%) 71.1 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Italy (%) 155.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1995 - Dec 2020
Ivory Coast (%) 8.6 2015 yearly 1975 - 2015
Japan (%) 224.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1994 - Dec 2020
Jordan (%) 85.0 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2002 - Sep 2020
Kazakhstan (%) 23.2 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2020
Kenya (%) 68.6 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2009 - Sep 2020
South Korea (%) 42.3 Dec 2020 quarterly Sep 2002 - Dec 2020
Kosovo (%) 21.8 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Kuwait (%) 3.2 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Sep 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 68.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2011 - Dec 2020
Latvia (%) 44.7 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2020
Lebanon (%) 171.0 2019 yearly 1998 - 2019
Lithuania (%) 47.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
Luxembourg (%) 26.1 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 1997 - Sep 2020
North Macedonia (%) 51.3 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2009 - Dec 2020
Malawi (%) 66.0 2014 yearly 2010 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 62.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2020
Malta (%) 54.3 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2020
Mauritius (%) 76.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Jun 2003 - Dec 2020
Mexico (%) 57.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2005 - Dec 2020
Moldova (%) 32.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2007 - Dec 2020
Montenegro (%) 103.3 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2020
Morocco (%) 76.4 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Nepal (%) 27.2 2019 yearly 1990 - 2019
Netherlands (%) 54.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1999 - Dec 2020
New Zealand (%) 33.6 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2007 - Sep 2020
Nigeria (%) 18.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2020
Norway (%) 46.0 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Oman (%) 55.8 2019 yearly 1990 - 2019
Pakistan (%) 84.1 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Palestinian Territory (%) 89.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2020
Panama (%) 69.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2007 - Dec 2020
Paraguay (%) 30.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2014 - Dec 2020
Peru (%) 35.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
Philippines (%) 54.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1993 - Dec 2020
Poland (%) 57.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2002 - Dec 2020
Portugal (%) 137.3 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Mar 2021
Qatar (%) 15.0 2012 yearly 2006 - 2012
Romania (%) 47.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2011 - Dec 2020
Russia (%) 17.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2011 - Dec 2020
Saudi Arabia (%) 32.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2016 - Dec 2020
Serbia (%) 57.4 Dec 2020 quarterly Sep 2004 - Dec 2020
Singapore (%) 150.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1990 - Dec 2020
Slovakia (%) 60.0 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2020
Slovenia (%) 80.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1999 - Dec 2020
South Africa (%) 77.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1960 - Dec 2020
Spain (%) 125.3 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2021
Sri Lanka (%) 101.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2014 - Dec 2020
Sweden (%) 40.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
Switzerland (%) 25.8 2018 yearly 1990 - 2018
Taiwan (%) 32.7 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Tajikistan (%) 45.5 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Thailand (%) 44.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1997 - Dec 2020
Tunisia (%) 77.1 Dec 2018 monthly Apr 2011 - Dec 2018
Turkey (%) 39.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2020
Ukraine (%) 53.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2020
United Kingdom (%) 104.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1975 - Dec 2020

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Nigeria Key Series

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Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -3.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2020
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -3,910.052 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2020
National Government Debt (USD mn) 76,375.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2006 - Mar 2021
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 18.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2020
Forecast: Government Expenditure (NGN bn) 44,913.220 2026 yearly 1990 - 2026
Forecast: Government Net Debt (NGN bn) 135,441.460 2026 yearly 1990 - 2026
Forecast: Government Revenue (NGN bn) 24,435.680 2026 yearly 1990 - 2026
Gross Federation Account Revenue (NGN bn) 2,208.100 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2020
Federal Govt Balance (NGN bn) -1,483.930 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2020
Federal Govt Expenditure: Recurrent (NGN bn) 1,720.090 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2020
Federal Govt Revenue (NGN bn) 903.520 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2020
Federal Govt Expenditure: Capital (NGN bn) 622.130 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2020
Federal Govt Expenditure (NGN bn) 2,387.460 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2020
Gross Federation Account Revenue: Oil (NGN bn) 985.570 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2020
Government Debt: Domestic (NGN bn) 16,513.929 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2005 - Mar 2021
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 2.040 2026 yearly 1991 - 2026
Trade Balance (USD mn) -2,959.9 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Mar 2021
Total Exports (USD mn) 2,820.2 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Mar 2021
Total Exports Growth (%) 11.0 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2004 - Mar 2021
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 88,212.341 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 1,904.451 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 704.590 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Imports (USD mn) 5,780.1 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Mar 2021
Total Imports Growth (%) 44.4 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2004 - Mar 2021
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 965,920.024 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 434,946.956 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 36.075 Sep 2020 monthly Jan 2003 - Sep 2020
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 422.719 Dec 2020 monthly Dec 2009 - Dec 2020
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 214.635 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2007 - Mar 2021
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 1,440.816 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2007 - Dec 2020
Total Trade (NGN mn) 3,263,824.154 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Mar 2021
Exports: Crude Oil (NGN mn) 664,897.316 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Mar 2021
Exports: America: ow USA (NGN mn) 24,895.523 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Mar 2021
Exports: Europe: ow Netherlands (NGN mn) 60,277.030 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Mar 2021
Exports (NGN mn) 1,070,267.123 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Mar 2021
Exports: Europe: ow UK (NGN mn) 39,434.810 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Mar 2021
Imports: Europe: ow Germany (NGN mn) 54,563.268 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Mar 2021
Imports: Europe: ow UK (NGN mn) 35,761.415 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Mar 2021
Imports: Asia: ow China (NGN mn) 757,807.681 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2007 - Mar 2021
Imports: America: ow USA (NGN mn) 251,380.868 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Mar 2021
Imports: Europe: ow Netherlands (NGN mn) 93,317.314 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Mar 2021
Imports: Chemicals and Chemical Products (NGN mn) 355,996.591 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Mar 2021
Imports: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants and Related Materials (NGN mn) 124,468.404 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Mar 2021
Imports (NGN mn) 2,193,557.031 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Mar 2021
Imports: Food and Live Animals (NGN mn) 288,028.657 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Mar 2021
Imports: Machinery and Transport Equipment (NGN mn) 958,035.327 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Mar 2021
Imports: Manufactured Goods (NGN mn) 237,319.776 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Mar 2021
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 186.9 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2021
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -3,337.9 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2008 - Sep 2020
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -3.2 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2008 - Sep 2020
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 775.2 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2008 - Sep 2020
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 2.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2010 - Mar 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 2,426.454 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 1.7 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2010 - Sep 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) 125.5 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2008 - Sep 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) 1,616.928 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2008 - Sep 2020
External Debt (USD mn) 32,860.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2006 - Mar 2021
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 7.8 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 310.7 2018 yearly 2008 - 2018
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 0.1 2018 yearly 2008 - 2018
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -8.103 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) -85,210.476 2020 yearly 2005 - 2020
BoP: CF: Financial Account: Assets (USD mn) 2,069.202 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: Income: Debit (USD mn) -988.819 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2021
BoP: Net Errors & Omission (USD mn) -6,136.341 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: Income (USD mn) -683.038 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2021
BoP: CF: Financial Account: Assets: Direct Investment (USD mn) -186.940 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: Services: Debit (USD mn) -4,098.916 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: Current Transfers: Debit (USD mn) -109.402 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: Goods: Credit (USD mn) 7,712.285 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: Goods (USD mn) -4,231.398 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: Current Transfers (USD mn) 6,065.876 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2021
BoP: CF: Financial Account: Liabilities: Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 2,426.454 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: Income: Credit (USD mn) 305.781 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2021
BoP: CF: Financial Account (USD mn) 7,886.981 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: Goods: Debit (USD mn) -11,943.683 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: Current Transfers: Credit (USD mn) 6,175.278 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2021
BoP: CF: Financial Account: Liabilities: Other Investment (USD mn) 1,252.946 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2021
BoP: CF: Financial Account: Assets: Reserves Assets (USD mn) 1,304.584 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2021
BoP: CF: Financial Account: Liabilities (USD mn) 5,817.779 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2021
BoP: CF: Capital Account (USD mn) 0.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2021
BoP: CF: Financial Account: Assets: Portfolio Investment (USD mn) -24.669 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: Services (USD mn) -2,902.079 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2021
BoP: CF: Financial Account: Assets: Other Investment (USD mn) 976.227 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2021
BoP: CA: Services: Credit (USD mn) 1,196.837 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2021
External Debt: Government: International Capital Market (USD mn) 10,368.350 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2011 - Mar 2021
External Debt: Government (USD mn) 32,859.990 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2006 - Mar 2021
External Debt: Service Payments (USD mn) 194.440 Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2018
Capital Inflow: Foreign Direct Investment (USD) 52,654,783.060 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2007 - Mar 2021
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 11.4 2018 yearly 2003 - 2018
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 39,751.015 May 2021 monthly Nov 1992 - May 2021
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 94,869.415 May 2021 monthly Nov 1992 - May 2021
M2 Growth (%) 18.7 May 2021 monthly Nov 1993 - May 2021
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 27.5 Apr 2021 monthly Nov 2005 - Apr 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 34,820.5 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 1960 - Mar 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 8.374 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2010 - Mar 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 6.1 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Mar 2021
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 0.062 Jan 2018 monthly Dec 1950 - Jan 2018
Total Deposits (USD mn) 84,213.801 Dec 2019 monthly Nov 1992 - Dec 2019
Total Deposits Growth (%) 2.6 Dec 2019 monthly Nov 1993 - Dec 2019
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 109,182.6 May 2021 monthly Nov 1992 - May 2021
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 14.9 May 2021 monthly Nov 1993 - May 2021
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 11.41 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Sep 2020
Monetary Survey: Liabilities: Base Money (NGN mn) 13,064,025.440 May 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - May 2021
Monetary Survey: Liabilities: M2 (NGN mn) 38,849,025.370 May 2021 monthly Nov 1992 - May 2021
Monetary Survey: Liabilities: M2: M1 (NGN mn) 16,278,040.690 May 2021 monthly Nov 1992 - May 2021
Monetary Survey: Liabilities: M2: Quasi Money (NGN mn) 22,570,984.680 May 2021 monthly Nov 1992 - May 2021
Monetary Survey: Liabilities: M3 (NGN mn) 35,345,802.020 Jun 2020 monthly Nov 1992 - Jun 2020
Non Performing Loans to Gross Loans (%) 9.335 Jun 2019 semiannually Dec 2003 - Jun 2019
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Business Confidence Growth (% Point) -22.4 Dec 2020 monthly Jul 2015 - Dec 2020

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