Nepal Government Debt: % of GDP

1990 - 2019 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about Nepal Government Debt: % of GDP

  • Nepal Government debt accounted for 27.2 % of the country's Nominal GDP in Jul 2019, compared with the ratio of 12.8 % in the previous year.
  • Nepal government debt to GDP ratio data is updated yearly, available from Jul 1990 to Jul 2019.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 66.5 % in Jul 1994 and a record low of 12.8 % in Jul 2018.

CEIC calculates Government Debt as % of Nominal GDP from annual Government Debt and annual Nominal GDP. Government Debt is calculated as the sum of Domestic and External Government Debt. Nepal Rastra Bank provides Government Debt in local currency. The Central Bureau of Statistics provides Nominal GDP in local currency, at producer prices, based on SNA 2008. Government Debt covers Central Government only. Government Debt as % of Nominal GDP is in annual frequency, generally ending on July 15th of each year. Government Debt as % of Nominal GDP prior to 2011 is calculated from Nominal GDP, based on SNA 1993. Government Debt as % of Nominal GDP prior to 2001 is sourced from the World Bank.


Related information about Nepal Government Debt: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports, Nepal National Government Debt reached 9.6 USD bn in Jul 2019.
  • The country's Nominal GDP reached 36.2 USD bn in Jul 2021.

View Nepal's Government Debt: % of GDP from 1990 to 2019 in the chart:

Nepal Government Debt: % of GDP

What was Nepal's Government Debt: % of GDP in 2019?

Nepal Government debt accounted for 27.2 % of the country's Nominal GDP in Jul 2019, compared with the ratio of 12.8 % in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
27.2 2019 12.8 2018 12.8 2018 66.5 1994 % yearly 1990 - 2019

Government Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 70.3 Dec 2021 quarterly Sep 2010 - Dec 2021
Algeria (%) 36.4 2018 yearly 1997 - 2018
Argentina (%) 80.0 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2004 - Dec 2021
Armenia (%) 63.4 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2013 - Dec 2021
Australia (%) 48.0 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Austria (%) 82.8 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2021
Azerbaijan (%) 6.4 2010 yearly 2008 - 2010
Bahrain (%) 98.6 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2007 - Dec 2021
Bangladesh (%) 19.2 2021 yearly 2010 - 2021
Belarus (%) 36.9 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2003 - Mar 2022
Belgium (%) 108.2 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1980 - Dec 2021
Bolivia (%) 27.2 2014 yearly 1998 - 2014
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 26.3 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Botswana (%) 15.3 Dec 2019 quarterly Jun 2014 - Dec 2019
Brazil (%) 78.5 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2006 - Mar 2022
Bulgaria (%) 25.1 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2007 - Dec 2021
Cambodia (%) 34.1 2020 yearly 2013 - 2020
Canada (%) 73.8 2021 yearly 1962 - 2021
Chile (%) 35.2 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2021
China (%) 20.3 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2014 - Dec 2021
Colombia (%) 64.5 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2005 - Dec 2021
Croatia (%) 79.6 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1995 - Dec 2021
Cyprus (%) 103.6 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2021
Czech Republic (%) 41.9 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2021
Denmark (%) 36.7 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2021
Ecuador (%) 61.9 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2005 - Jun 2021
Egypt (%) 68.6 Jun 2020 quarterly Jun 2006 - Jun 2020
Estonia (%) 18.1 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2021
European Union (%) 88.2 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2021
Finland (%) 65.8 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2021
France (%) 112.9 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1995 - Dec 2021
Georgia (%) 49.4 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2006 - Dec 2021
Germany (%) 69.3 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2021
Ghana (%) 76.1 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Greece (%) 193.3 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Dec 2021
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 46.1 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Hungary (%) 74.5 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1990 - Dec 2021
Iceland (%) 75.0 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
India (%) 56.2 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2012 - Dec 2021
Indonesia (%) 40.3 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 2015 - Mar 2022
Iran (%) 11.5 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 1998 - Sep 2021
Ireland (%) 56.0 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2021
Israel (%) 67.1 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Italy (%) 150.3 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1995 - Dec 2021
Ivory Coast (%) 8.6 2015 yearly 1975 - 2015
Japan (%) 224.8 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1994 - Dec 2021
Jordan (%) 89.5 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2021
Kazakhstan (%) 24.2 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2021
Kenya (%) 68.2 Sep 2021 quarterly Dec 2009 - Sep 2021
South Korea (%) 45.6 Dec 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Dec 2021
Kosovo (%) 23.3 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Kuwait (%) 3.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 60.4 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2011 - Dec 2021
Latvia (%) 44.8 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2021
Lebanon (%) 171.0 2019 yearly 1998 - 2019
Lithuania (%) 44.3 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2021
Luxembourg (%) 24.4 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1997 - Dec 2021
North Macedonia (%) 51.8 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2009 - Dec 2021
Malawi (%) 66.0 2014 yearly 2010 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 63.0 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2010 - Mar 2022
Malta (%) 57.0 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2021
Mauritius (%) 79.0 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 2003 - Mar 2022
Mexico (%) 50.8 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2005 - Dec 2021
Moldova (%) 32.1 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2007 - Dec 2021
Montenegro (%) 83.3 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2021
Morocco (%) 76.4 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Nepal (%) 27.2 2019 yearly 1990 - 2019
Netherlands (%) 52.1 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Dec 2021
New Zealand (%) 33.6 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2006 - Dec 2021
Nigeria (%) 20.2 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2021
Norway (%) 43.2 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Oman (%) 65.9 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Pakistan (%) 73.6 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Palestinian Territory (%) 79.1 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2021
Panama (%) 63.7 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2007 - Dec 2021
Paraguay (%) 31.3 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2014 - Dec 2021
Peru (%) 36.1 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2021
Philippines (%) 63.5 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1993 - Mar 2022
Poland (%) 53.8 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2002 - Dec 2021
Portugal (%) 127.0 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Mar 2022
Qatar (%) 15.0 2012 yearly 2006 - 2012
Romania (%) 48.8 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2011 - Dec 2021
Russia (%) 16.0 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2011 - Dec 2021
Saudi Arabia (%) 30.0 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2016 - Dec 2021
Serbia (%) 56.5 Dec 2021 quarterly Sep 2004 - Dec 2021
Singapore (%) 145.9 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1990 - Dec 2021
Slovakia (%) 61.0 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2021
Slovenia (%) 74.7 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Dec 2021
South Africa (%) 69.1 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1960 - Dec 2021
Spain (%) 118.4 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1995 - Dec 2021
Sri Lanka (%) 104.6 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2014 - Dec 2021
Sweden (%) 36.2 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2021
Switzerland (%) 24.7 2025 yearly 1990 - 2025
Taiwan (%) 32.6 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Tajikistan (%) 39.2 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Thailand (%) 53.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1997 - Mar 2022
Tunisia (%) 79.7 Dec 2021 monthly Apr 2011 - Dec 2021
Turkey (%) 42.0 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2021
Ukraine (%) 43.3 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2021
United Kingdom (%) 102.8 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1975 - Dec 2021

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Nepal Key Series

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Includes 182 key indicators for Nepal, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -10.0 2018 yearly 2012 - 2018
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) 157.985 Sep 2021 quarterly Jun 2017 - Sep 2021
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 412.623 Jun 2019 quarterly Sep 1997 - Jun 2019
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 19.1 2018 yearly 2001 - 2018
National Government Debt (USD mn) 9,555.9 2019 yearly 1990 - 2019
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 27.2 2019 yearly 1990 - 2019
Forecast: Government Expenditure (NPR bn) 2,351.076 2027 yearly 2000 - 2027
Forecast: Government Net Debt (NPR bn) 4,347.674 2027 yearly 2000 - 2027
Forecast: Government Revenue (NPR bn) 2,117.893 2027 yearly 2000 - 2027
Government Debt: Total (NPR mn) 1,047,896.800 2019 yearly 1999 - 2019
Government Debt: External (NPR mn) 594,926.200 2019 yearly 1999 - 2019
Government Domestic Debt: Annual: Bonds & Treasury Bills (NPR mn) 800,320.067 2021 yearly 1986 - 2021
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 0.000 yearly -
Trade Balance (USD mn) -1,193.3 Apr 2022 monthly Aug 1974 - Apr 2022
Total Exports (USD mn) 105.5 Apr 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Apr 2022
Total Exports Growth (%) -8.3 Apr 2022 monthly Aug 2004 - Apr 2022
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 3,097.301 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 10,747.117 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 250.567 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Total Imports (USD mn) 1,298.8 Apr 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Apr 2022
Total Imports Growth (%) -5.7 Apr 2022 monthly Aug 2004 - Apr 2022
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 189,890.034 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 42,289.707 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 9.185 Jan 2022 monthly Sep 1983 - Jan 2022
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 69.676 Jan 2022 monthly Jan 1981 - Jan 2022
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 0.633 Apr 2022 monthly Apr 2013 - Apr 2022
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 204.689 Apr 2022 monthly Apr 2013 - Apr 2022
Imports: cif: Custom Basis (NPR mn) 157,927.145 Apr 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Apr 2022
Imports: cif: Custom Basis: Other Countries (NPR mn) 28,577.387 Apr 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Apr 2022
Exports: fob: Custom Basis (NPR mn) 12,826.843 Apr 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Apr 2022
Imports: cif: Custom Basis: India (NPR mn) 104,460.857 Apr 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Apr 2022
Trade Balance: Custom Basis (NPR mn) -145,100.302 Apr 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Apr 2022
Exports: fob: Custom Basis: India (NPR mn) 9,057.783 Apr 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Apr 2022
Exports: fob: Custom Basis: China (NPR mn) 77.023 Apr 2022 monthly Apr 2013 - Apr 2022
Exports: fob: Custom Basis: Other Countries (NPR mn) 3,692.038 Apr 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Apr 2022
Imports: cif: Custom Basis: China (NPR mn) 24,888.901 Apr 2022 monthly Apr 2013 - Apr 2022
Exports: Manufactured Goods Classified by Materials (NPR mn) 4,200.359 Jul 2021 monthly Aug 2003 - Jul 2021
Exports: Chemicals (NPR mn) 520.677 Jul 2021 monthly Aug 2003 - Jul 2021
Exports: Crude Materials Inedible: Except Fuel (NPR mn) 263.666 Jul 2021 monthly Aug 2003 - Jul 2021
Exports: Food & Live Animals (NPR mn) 1,956.224 Jul 2021 monthly Aug 2003 - Jul 2021
Exports: Miscellaneous Manufactures Articles (NPR mn) 1,215.904 Jul 2021 monthly Aug 2003 - Jul 2021
Imports: Machinery & Transport Equipments (NPR mn) 33,972.859 Jul 2021 monthly Aug 2003 - Jul 2021
Imports: Chemicals (NPR mn) 18,580.079 Jul 2021 monthly Aug 2003 - Jul 2021
Imports: Manufactured Goods Classified by Materials (NPR mn) 29,973.315 Jul 2021 monthly Aug 2003 - Jul 2021
Imports: Food & Live Animals (NPR mn) 17,535.568 Jul 2021 monthly Aug 2003 - Jul 2021
Imports: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants & Related Minerals (NPR mn) 23,217.635 Jul 2021 monthly Aug 2003 - Jul 2021
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -1,689.6 Jan 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jan 2022
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -7.8 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 52.4 Jan 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jan 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.5 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
External Debt (USD mn) 8,782.3 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2012 - Dec 2021
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 360.5 2020 yearly 1977 - 2020
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -1.400 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) 473.020 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2012 - Jun 2021
NP: BoP: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment: Assets (USD mn) 0.000 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 1977 - Jun 2020
NP: BoP: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment: Liabilities (USD mn) 0.000 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 1977 - Jun 2020
NP: BoP: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 0.000 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 1977 - Jun 2020
BoP: Current Account: Services: Debit (NPR mn) -49,232.232 Jan 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jan 2022
BoP: Financial Account (NPR mn) 60,976.563 Jan 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jan 2022
BoP: Current Account: Services: Credit (NPR mn) 26,849.817 Jan 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jan 2022
BoP: Current Account: Current Transfers: Credit (NPR mn) 260,890.179 Jan 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jan 2022
BoP: Reserve Assets & Related Items (RR) (NPR mn) 146,699.918 Jan 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jan 2022
BoP: Net Error & Omissions (NPR mn) -8,866.024 Jan 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jan 2022
BoP: Current Account: Current Transfers: Debit (NPR mn) -1,609.268 Jan 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jan 2022
BoP: Current Account: Income: Credit (NPR mn) 12,549.723 Jan 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jan 2022
BoP: Current Account: Goods: Import cif (NPR mn) -504,261.573 Jan 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jan 2022
BoP: Current Account: Goods Balance (NPR mn) -448,500.313 Jan 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jan 2022
BoP: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment (NPR mn) 0.000 Jan 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jan 2022
BoP: Current Account: Current Transfers (NPR mn) 259,280.810 Jan 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jan 2022
BoP: Current Account: Income (NPR mn) 9,233.116 Jan 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jan 2022
BoP: Current Account: Goods: Exports fob (NPR mn) 55,761.259 Jan 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jan 2022
BoP: Current Account (NPR mn) -202,368.802 Jan 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jan 2022
BoP: Current Account: Services (NPR mn) -22,382.415 Jan 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jan 2022
BoP: Current Account: Income: Debit (NPR mn) -3,316.606 Jan 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jan 2022
BoP: Financial Account: Liabilities (NPR mn) 59,809.448 Jan 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jan 2022
BoP: Financial Account: Assets: Other Investment (OI) (NPR mn) -5,106.351 Jan 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jan 2022
BoP: Financial Account: Direct Investment in Nepal (NPR mn) 6,273.466 Jan 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jan 2022
BoP: Capital Account (NPR mn) 3,558.345 Jan 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jan 2022
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 2.5 2015 yearly 2003 - 2015
Non-Performing Loans (USD mn) 267.883 2015 yearly 2003 - 2015
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 7,741.135 Apr 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Apr 2022
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 43,817.142 Apr 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Apr 2022
M2 Growth (%) 10.4 Apr 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - Apr 2022
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 3.0 Apr 2022 monthly Jul 2003 - Apr 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 8,405.6 Apr 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - Apr 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 3.000 Apr 2022 monthly Jul 2003 - Apr 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 6.5 Apr 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Apr 2022
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 500.565 Apr 2022 monthly Jul 1957 - Apr 2022
Total Deposits (USD mn) 33,635.870 Apr 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Apr 2022
Total Deposits Growth (%) 14.3 Apr 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - Apr 2022
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 45,002.7 Apr 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Apr 2022
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 24.2 Apr 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - Apr 2022
Total Loans (USD mn) 30,927.486 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Jul 2021
Total Loans Growth (%) 26.85 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jul 2021
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 80.34 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Monetary Survey: Domestic Credits (DO) (NPR mn) 5,482,226.673 Apr 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Apr 2022
Monetary Survey: Broad Money M2 (NPR mn) 5,337,804.213 Apr 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Apr 2022
Monetary Survey: Narrow Money M1 (NPR mn) 943,025.054 Apr 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Apr 2022
Foreign Reserve (USD mn) 9,138.714 Apr 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - Apr 2022
Commercial Banks: Deposits exclude Interbank (NPR mn) 4,097,521.729 Apr 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Apr 2022
Commercial Banks: Loans & Advances (NPR mn) 1,945,068.90 Jan 2018 monthly Jan 2001 - Jan 2018
CB: NPL (NPR mn) 27,174.060 2015 yearly 2003 - 2015

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