Nepal Government Debt: % of GDP

1990 - 2019 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about Nepal Government Debt: % of GDP

  • Nepal Government debt accounted for 27.2 % of the country's Nominal GDP in Jul 2019, compared with the ratio of 12.8 % in the previous year.
  • Nepal government debt to GDP ratio data is updated yearly, available from Jul 1990 to Jul 2019.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 66.5 % in Jul 1994 and a record low of 12.8 % in Jul 2018.

CEIC calculates Government Debt as % of Nominal GDP from annual Government Debt and annual Nominal GDP. Government Debt is calculated as the sum of Domestic and External Government Debt. Nepal Rastra Bank provides Government Debt in local currency. The Central Bureau of Statistics provides Nominal GDP in local currency, at producer prices, based on SNA 2008. Government Debt covers Central Government only. Government Debt as % of Nominal GDP is in annual frequency, generally ending on July 15th of each year. Government Debt as % of Nominal GDP prior to 2011 is calculated from Nominal GDP, based on SNA 1993. Government Debt as % of Nominal GDP prior to 2001 is sourced from the World Bank.


Related information about Nepal Government Debt: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports, Nepal National Government Debt reached 9.6 USD bn in Jul 2019.
  • The country's Nominal GDP reached 40.1 USD bn in Jul 2022.

View Nepal's Government Debt: % of GDP from 1990 to 2019 in the chart:

Nepal Government Debt: % of GDP

What was Nepal's Government Debt: % of GDP in 2019?

Nepal Government debt accounted for 27.2 % of the country's Nominal GDP in Jul 2019, compared with the ratio of 12.8 % in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
27.2 2019 12.8 2018 12.8 2018 66.5 1994 % yearly 1990 - 2019

Government Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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Includes Government Debt: % of GDP on 108 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 62.8 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2010 - Sep 2022
Algeria (%) 62.1 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Argentina (%) 75.0 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2004 - Sep 2022
Armenia (%) 50.5 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2013 - Sep 2022
Australia (%) 47.7 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Austria (%) 81.3 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
Azerbaijan (%) 6.4 2010 yearly 2008 - 2010
Bahrain (%) 84.3 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2007 - Sep 2022
Bangladesh (%) 20.6 2022 yearly 2010 - 2022
Belarus (%) 36.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2003 - Mar 2022
Belgium (%) 106.3 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1980 - Sep 2022
Bolivia (%) 27.2 2014 yearly 1998 - 2014
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 24.4 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
Botswana (%) 17.9 Dec 2021 quarterly Jun 2014 - Dec 2021
Brazil (%) 75.3 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2006 - Sep 2022
Bulgaria (%) 23.1 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2007 - Sep 2022
Cambodia (%) 35.2 2021 yearly 2013 - 2021
Canada (%) 71.3 2022 yearly 1962 - 2022
Chile (%) 37.5 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2002 - Sep 2022
China (%) 20.8 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2014 - Sep 2022
Colombia (%) 63.2 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2005 - Mar 2022
Croatia (%) 9.3 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1995 - Sep 2022
Cyprus (%) 91.6 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2010 - Sep 2022
Czech Republic (%) 45.2 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
Denmark (%) 30.7 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
Ecuador (%) 63.5 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2005 - Sep 2022
Egypt (%) 68.6 Jun 2020 quarterly Jun 2006 - Jun 2020
Estonia (%) 15.8 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
European Union (%) 85.1 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
Finland (%) 71.0 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
France (%) 113.3 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 1995 - Jun 2022
Georgia (%) 39.5 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2006 - Sep 2022
Germany (%) 66.6 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
Ghana (%) 80.1 2021 yearly 2006 - 2021
Greece (%) 178.2 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1999 - Sep 2022
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 47.6 2022 yearly 2003 - 2022
Hungary (%) 72.9 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1990 - Sep 2022
Iceland (%) 74.6 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
India (%) 54.9 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2012 - Sep 2022
Indonesia (%) 39.0 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 2015 - Sep 2022
Iran (%) 8.8 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Mar 2022
Ireland (%) 49.0 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
Israel (%) 67.1 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Italy (%) 147.2 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1995 - Sep 2022
Ivory Coast (%) 8.6 2015 yearly 1975 - 2015
Japan (%) 225.8 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1994 - Sep 2022
Jordan (%) 88.4 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2002 - Sep 2022
Kazakhstan (%) 23.0 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2022
Kenya (%) 66.9 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2009 - Sep 2022
South Korea (%) 48.1 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2022
Kosovo (%) 23.3 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Kuwait (%) 3.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 50.9 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2011 - Sep 2022
Latvia (%) 39.9 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
Lebanon (%) 150.6 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Lithuania (%) 37.3 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
Luxembourg (%) 24.6 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1997 - Sep 2022
North Macedonia (%) 52.5 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2009 - Sep 2022
Malawi (%) 66.0 2014 yearly 2010 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 61.6 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2010 - Sep 2022
Malta (%) 53.2 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Sep 2022
Mauritius (%) 74.4 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 2003 - Sep 2022
Mexico (%) 51.9 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2005 - Sep 2022
Moldova (%) 32.3 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2007 - Sep 2022
Mongolia (%) 59.4 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2017 - Dec 2021
Montenegro (%) 71.5 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2010 - Sep 2022
Morocco (%) 68.9 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Nepal (%) 27.2 2019 yearly 1990 - 2019
Netherlands (%) 49.0 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1999 - Sep 2022
New Zealand (%) 34.9 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2006 - Sep 2022
Nigeria (%) 20.2 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2010 - Sep 2022
Norway (%) 42.5 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Oman (%) 63.1 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Pakistan (%) 69.1 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Palestinian Territory (%) 75.0 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2010 - Sep 2022
Panama (%) 62.3 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2007 - Sep 2022
Paraguay (%) 31.5 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2014 - Sep 2022
Peru (%) 34.4 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2022
Philippines (%) 63.7 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1993 - Sep 2022
Poland (%) 50.3 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2002 - Sep 2022
Portugal (%) 120.1 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1995 - Sep 2022
Qatar (%) 15.0 2012 yearly 2006 - 2012
Romania (%) 47.7 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2011 - Sep 2022
Russia (%) 13.4 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2011 - Sep 2022
Saudi Arabia (%) 25.0 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2016 - Sep 2022
Serbia (%) 55.4 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2004 - Sep 2022
Singapore (%) 184.9 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1990 - Sep 2022
Slovakia (%) 58.6 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
Slovenia (%) 72.3 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1999 - Sep 2022
South Africa (%) 71.4 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1960 - Sep 2022
Spain (%) 115.6 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Sep 2022
Sri Lanka (%) 114.3 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2014 - Sep 2022
Sweden (%) 32.7 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1996 - Sep 2022
Switzerland (%) 25.1 2026 yearly 1990 - 2026
Taiwan (%) 30.1 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Tajikistan (%) 39.2 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Thailand (%) 53.4 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1997 - Sep 2022
Tunisia (%) 79.7 Dec 2021 monthly Apr 2011 - Dec 2021
Turkey (%) 34.8 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2001 - Sep 2022
Ukraine (%) 43.3 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2021

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Nepal Key Series

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Includes 158 key indicators for Nepal, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -10.0 2018 yearly 2012 - 2018
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -518.759 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2017 - Sep 2022
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 412.623 Jun 2019 quarterly Sep 1997 - Jun 2019
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 19.1 2018 yearly 2001 - 2018
National Government Debt (USD mn) 9,555.9 2019 yearly 1990 - 2019
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 27.2 2019 yearly 1990 - 2019
Forecast: Government Expenditure (NPR bn) 2,412.063 2027 yearly 2000 - 2027
Forecast: Government Net Debt (NPR bn) 4,132.868 2027 yearly 2000 - 2027
Forecast: Government Revenue (NPR bn) 2,174.348 2027 yearly 2000 - 2027
Government Domestic Debt: Annual: Bonds & Treasury Bills (NPR mn) 984,285.200 2022 yearly 1986 - 2022
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 0.000 yearly -
Trade Balance (USD mn) -902.5 Nov 2022 monthly Aug 1974 - Nov 2022
Total Exports (USD mn) 98.5 Nov 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Nov 2022
Total Exports Growth (%) -24.1 Nov 2022 monthly Aug 2004 - Nov 2022
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 2,651.391 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 13,054.366 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 1,945.984 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Total Imports (USD mn) 1,000.9 Nov 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Nov 2022
Total Imports Growth (%) -23.3 Nov 2022 monthly Aug 2004 - Nov 2022
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 242,033.952 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 102,823.325 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 15.961 Sep 2022 monthly Sep 1983 - Sep 2022
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 20.480 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 1981 - Sep 2022
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 0.308 Nov 2022 monthly Apr 2013 - Nov 2022
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 141.093 Nov 2022 monthly Apr 2013 - Nov 2022
Exports: fob: Custom Basis (NPR mn) 12,954.124 Nov 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Nov 2022
Imports: cif: Custom Basis: Other Countries (NPR mn) 35,713.942 Nov 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Nov 2022
Imports: cif: Custom Basis (NPR mn) 131,693.080 Nov 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Nov 2022
Imports: cif: Custom Basis: India (NPR mn) 77,415.303 Nov 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Nov 2022
Exports: fob: Custom Basis: China (NPR mn) 40.583 Nov 2022 monthly Apr 2013 - Nov 2022
Trade Balance: Custom Basis (NPR mn) -118,738.956 Nov 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Nov 2022
Imports: cif: Custom Basis: China (NPR mn) 18,563.835 Nov 2022 monthly Apr 2013 - Nov 2022
Exports: fob: Custom Basis: Other Countries (NPR mn) 3,285.305 Nov 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Nov 2022
Exports: fob: Custom Basis: India (NPR mn) 9,628.236 Nov 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Nov 2022
Exports: Chemicals (NPR mn) 486.133 Oct 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Oct 2022
Exports: Miscellaneous Manufactures Articles (NPR mn) 1,464.974 Oct 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Oct 2022
Exports: Food & Live Animals (NPR mn) 2,297.156 Oct 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Oct 2022
Exports: Manufactured Goods Classified by Materials (NPR mn) 5,079.579 Jul 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Jul 2022
Exports: Crude Materials Inedible: Except Fuel (NPR mn) 252.211 Oct 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Oct 2022
Imports: Manufactured Goods Classified by Materials (NPR mn) 22,671.887 Oct 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Oct 2022
Imports: Machinery & Transport Equipments (NPR mn) 20,808.093 Oct 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Oct 2022
Imports: Chemicals (NPR mn) 15,747.062 Oct 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Oct 2022
Imports: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants & Related Minerals (NPR mn) 43,734.392 Jul 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Jul 2022
Imports: Food & Live Animals (NPR mn) 11,305.775 Oct 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Oct 2022
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -1,166.9 Oct 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Oct 2022
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -12.8 2022 yearly 2001 - 2022
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 39.5 Oct 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Oct 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.4 2022 yearly 2001 - 2022
External Debt (USD mn) 8,729.1 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2012 - Sep 2022
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 335.0 2021 yearly 1977 - 2021
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -2.070 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) -2,408.328 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2012 - Jun 2022
NP: BoP: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 0.000 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 1977 - Jun 2020
NP: BoP: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment: Liabilities (USD mn) 0.000 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 1977 - Jun 2020
NP: BoP: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment: Assets (USD mn) 0.000 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 1977 - Jun 2020
BoP: Financial Account: Direct Investment in Nepal (NPR mn) 5,070.734 Oct 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Oct 2022
BoP: Current Account: Services: Credit (NPR mn) 24,925.719 Oct 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Oct 2022
BoP: Financial Account: Assets: Other Investment (OI) (NPR mn) -19,967.171 Oct 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Oct 2022
BoP: Current Account: Services (NPR mn) -23,335.448 Oct 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Oct 2022
BoP: Current Account: Income: Debit (NPR mn) -8,810.494 Oct 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Oct 2022
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 2.5 2015 yearly 2003 - 2015
Non-Performing Loans (USD mn) 267.883 2015 yearly 2003 - 2015
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 6,797.446 Dec 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Dec 2022
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 42,538.442 Dec 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Dec 2022
M2 Growth (%) 7.4 Dec 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2022
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 4.0 Dec 2022 monthly Jul 2003 - Dec 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 8,654.0 Dec 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 4.000 Dec 2022 monthly Jul 2003 - Dec 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 8.4 Nov 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Nov 2022
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 501.290 Dec 2022 monthly Jul 1957 - Dec 2022
Total Deposits (USD mn) 32,798.716 Dec 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Dec 2022
Total Deposits Growth (%) 2.9 Dec 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2022
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 44,294.4 Dec 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Dec 2022
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 10.0 Dec 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2022
Total Loans (USD mn) 32,034.804 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Oct 2022
Total Loans Growth (%) 6.36 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2022
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 79.54 2022 yearly 2003 - 2022
Monetary Survey: Domestic Credits (DO) (NPR mn) 5,844,198.629 Dec 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Dec 2022
Monetary Survey: Narrow Money M1 (NPR mn) 896,854.998 Dec 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Dec 2022
Monetary Survey: Broad Money M2 (NPR mn) 5,612,522.084 Dec 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Dec 2022
Commercial Banks: Loans & Advances (NPR mn) 1,945,068.90 Jan 2018 monthly Jan 2001 - Jan 2018
CB: NPL (NPR mn) 27,174.060 2015 yearly 2003 - 2015

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