Nepal National Government Debt

1990 - 2019 | Yearly | USD mn | CEIC Data

Key information about Nepal National Government Debt

  • Nepal National Government Debt reached 9.6 USD bn in Jul 2019, compared with 4.0 USD bn in the previous year.
  • Nepal National Government Debt data is updated yearly, available from Jul 1990 to Jul 2019.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 9.6 USD bn in Jul 2019 and a record low of 1.9 USD bn in Jul 1990.

CEIC calculates annual Government Debt as the sum of Foreign Government Debt and Domestic Government Debt and converts it into USD. The Ministry of Finance provides Foreign Government Debt in local currency. Nepal Rasta Bank provides Domestic Government Debt in local currency. Nepal Rastra Bank period end market exchange rate used for currency conversions. Government Debt covers Central Government only. Government Debt prior to 1999 is sourced from the World Bank. Government Debt is in annual frequency, generally ending on July 15th of each year.
  • The country's Government debt accounted for 27.2 % of its Nominal GDP in Jul 2019.
  • Nepal Nominal GDP reached 40.1 USD bn in Jul 2022.
  • View Nepal's National Government Debt from 1990 to 2019 in the chart:

    Nepal National Government Debt

    What was Nepal's National Government Debt in 2019?

    Nepal National Government Debt reached 9.6 USD bn in Jul 2019, compared with 4.0 USD bn in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

    Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
    9,555.9 2019 4,044.5 2018 1,863.6 1990 9,555.9 2019 USD mn yearly 1990 - 2019

    National Government Debt by Country Comparison

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    country/region Last Frequency Range
    Albania (USD mn) 11,249.2 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2010 - Sep 2022
    Algeria (USD mn) 62,686.3 2018 yearly 1997 - 2018
    Argentina (USD mn) 378,505.7 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 1994 - Jun 2022
    Armenia (USD mn) 9,938.4 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2002 - Sep 2022
    Australia (USD mn) 743,969.0 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
    Austria (USD mn) 371,239.8 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
    Azerbaijan (USD mn) 3,398.5 2010 yearly 2008 - 2010
    Bahrain (USD mn) 37,419.6 Oct 2022 monthly Mar 2001 - Oct 2022
    Belarus (USD mn) 23,375.7 May 2022 monthly Dec 2003 - May 2022
    Belgium (USD mn) 600,202.4 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1980 - Jun 2022
    Bolivia (USD mn) 8,960.7 2014 yearly 1998 - 2014
    Bosnia and Herzegovina (USD mn) 3,571.5 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
    Botswana (USD mn) 3,581.9 2022 yearly 2002 - 2022
    Brazil (USD mn) 1,344,691.5 Sep 2022 monthly Dec 2000 - Sep 2022
    Bulgaria (USD mn) 17,928.2 Sep 2022 monthly Dec 2015 - Sep 2022
    Canada (USD mn) 1,473,046.8 2022 yearly 1962 - 2022
    Chile (USD mn) 107,953.7 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2002 - Jun 2022
    China (USD mn) 3,651,528.3 2021 yearly 2005 - 2021
    Colombia (USD mn) 208,662.8 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2001 - Mar 2022
    Croatia (USD mn) 6,204.4 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1995 - Jul 2022
    Cyprus (USD mn) 23,711.6 Oct 2022 monthly Dec 2010 - Oct 2022
    Czech Republic (USD mn) 117,276.6 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
    Denmark (USD mn) 118,722.6 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
    Ecuador (USD mn) 62,859.4 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2005 - Jun 2021
    Egypt (USD mn) 316,592.2 Jun 2020 quarterly Jun 2006 - Jun 2020
    Estonia (USD mn) 5,976.6 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
    European Union (USD mn) 13,735,255.3 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
    Finland (USD mn) 196,979.5 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
    France (USD mn) 3,053,635.5 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 1995 - Jun 2022
    Georgia (USD mn) 9,506.8 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2006 - Sep 2022
    Germany (USD mn) 2,632,940.9 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
    Greece (USD mn) 375,952.3 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 1999 - Jun 2022
    Hong Kong SAR, China (USD mn) 161,605.6 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
    Hungary (USD mn) 108,148.8 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1989 - Sep 2022
    Iceland (USD mn) 18,602.0 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
    India (USD mn) 1,784,845.6 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 1998 - Jun 2022
    Indonesia (USD mn) 482,351.0 Oct 2022 monthly Jun 2009 - Oct 2022
    Ireland (USD mn) 247,691.3 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
    Israel (USD mn) 335,707.0 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
    Italy (USD mn) 2,682,096.2 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 1957 - Sep 2022
    Ivory Coast (USD mn) 3,853.2 2015 yearly 1975 - 2015
    Japan (USD mn) 8,647,499.1 Sep 2022 monthly Apr 1982 - Sep 2022
    Jordan (USD mn) 41,959.7 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - Jul 2022
    Kazakhstan (USD mn) 45,490.3 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2022
    Kenya (USD mn) 72,069.1 Sep 2022 monthly Sep 1999 - Sep 2022
    South Korea (USD mn) 775,658.8 Jun 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2022
    Kosovo (USD mn) 1,904.7 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
    Kuwait (USD mn) 905.1 Oct 2022 monthly Dec 1993 - Oct 2022
    Kyrgyzstan (USD mn) 5,217.9 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 2011 - Sep 2022
    Latvia (USD mn) 15,856.4 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
    Lebanon (USD mn) 97,750.6 Jun 2021 monthly Dec 2001 - Jun 2021
    Lithuania (USD mn) 25,360.9 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
    Luxembourg (USD mn) 20,214.1 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 1995 - Jun 2022
    North Macedonia (USD mn) 6,356.4 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2009 - Sep 2022
    Malawi (USD mn) 2,620.0 2014 yearly 2010 - 2014
    Malaysia (USD mn) 231,838.2 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1978 - Sep 2022
    Malta (USD mn) 9,002.4 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
    Mauritius (USD mn) 8,643.8 Jun 2022 quarterly Jun 2003 - Jun 2022
    Mexico (USD mn) 715,151.7 Oct 2022 monthly Dec 2005 - Oct 2022
    Moldova (USD mn) 4,479.4 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 2007 - Oct 2022
    Montenegro (USD mn) 4,202.9 Jun 2022 monthly Dec 2010 - Jun 2022
    Morocco (USD mn) 94,194.6 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2006 - Mar 2022
    Nepal (USD mn) 9,555.9 2019 yearly 1990 - 2019
    Netherlands (USD mn) 479,086.6 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 1999 - Jun 2022
    New Zealand (USD mn) 73,499.1 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2006 - Sep 2022
    Nigeria (USD mn) 90,578.2 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2006 - Jun 2022
    Norway (USD mn) 203,080.5 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
    Oman (USD mn) 48,780.2 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
    Panama (USD mn) 43,616.6 Oct 2022 monthly Jul 2004 - Oct 2022
    Paraguay (USD mn) 12,140.2 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
    Peru (USD mn) 79,749.9 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2022
    Philippines (USD mn) 229,453.4 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 1993 - Sep 2022
    Poland (USD mn) 324,251.4 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
    Portugal (USD mn) 306,161.5 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Mar 2022
    Qatar (USD mn) 26,518.7 2012 yearly 2003 - 2012
    Romania (USD mn) 128,993.6 Aug 2022 monthly Nov 2011 - Aug 2022
    Russia (USD mn) 339,259.9 Sep 2022 monthly May 2009 - Sep 2022
    Saudi Arabia (USD mn) 250,136.1 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
    Serbia (USD mn) 31,716.0 Sep 2022 monthly Sep 2004 - Sep 2022
    Singapore (USD mn) 743,106.4 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1990 - Sep 2022
    Slovakia (USD mn) 64,927.0 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
    Slovenia (USD mn) 42,978.3 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 1999 - Jun 2022
    South Africa (USD mn) 272,286.3 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1960 - Jul 2022
    Spain (USD mn) 1,544,562.6 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 1990 - Jun 2022
    Sri Lanka (USD mn) 68,158.4 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2014 - Jun 2022
    Sweden (USD mn) 185,795.8 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
    Switzerland (USD mn) 223,056.7 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
    Taiwan (USD mn) 236,166.9 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
    Thailand (USD mn) 242,387.6 Oct 2022 monthly Oct 1997 - Oct 2022
    Tunisia (USD mn) 34,212.6 Aug 2022 monthly Apr 2011 - Aug 2022
    Turkey (USD mn) 233,289.5 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
    Ukraine (USD mn) 88,512.1 Sep 2022 monthly Dec 2004 - Sep 2022
    United Kingdom (USD mn) 2,963,495.1 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1975 - Jun 2022
    United States (USD mn) 31,413,322.0 Nov 2022 monthly Jan 1969 - Nov 2022
    Uruguay (USD mn) 36,472.3 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2022
    Venezuela (USD mn) 105,131.7 2016 yearly 1996 - 2016
    Vietnam (USD mn) 141,978.4 2021 yearly 2010 - 2021
    Yemen (USD mn) 20,434.2 2013 yearly 2004 - 2013

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    Nepal Key Series

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    Includes 154 key indicators for Nepal, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
    Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
    Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -10.0 2018 yearly 2012 - 2018
    Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -518.759 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 2017 - Sep 2022
    Tax Revenue (USD mn) 412.623 Jun 2019 quarterly Sep 1997 - Jun 2019
    Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 19.1 2018 yearly 2001 - 2018
    National Government Debt (USD mn) 9,555.9 2019 yearly 1990 - 2019
    Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 27.2 2019 yearly 1990 - 2019
    Forecast: Government Expenditure (NPR bn) 2,412.063 2027 yearly 2000 - 2027
    Forecast: Government Net Debt (NPR bn) 4,132.868 2027 yearly 2000 - 2027
    Forecast: Government Revenue (NPR bn) 2,174.348 2027 yearly 2000 - 2027
    Government Domestic Debt: Annual: Bonds & Treasury Bills (NPR mn) 984,285.200 2022 yearly 1986 - 2022
    Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
    Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 0.000 yearly -
    Trade Balance (USD mn) -1,007.2 Sep 2022 monthly Aug 1974 - Sep 2022
    Total Exports (USD mn) 108.8 Sep 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Sep 2022
    Total Exports Growth (%) -37.5 Oct 2022 monthly Aug 2004 - Oct 2022
    Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 2,651.391 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
    Exports: Medicament (USD th) 13,054.366 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
    Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 2,734.145 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
    Total Imports (USD mn) 978.0 Oct 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Oct 2022
    Total Imports Growth (%) -13.1 Sep 2022 monthly Aug 2004 - Sep 2022
    Imports: Medicament (USD th) 242,033.952 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
    Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 102,823.325 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
    Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 16.541 Aug 2022 monthly Sep 1983 - Aug 2022
    Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 41.472 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 1981 - Aug 2022
    Total Exports to China (USD mn) 0.310 Oct 2022 monthly Apr 2013 - Oct 2022
    Total Imports from China (USD mn) 145.199 Oct 2022 monthly Apr 2013 - Oct 2022
    Exports: fob: Custom Basis: India (NPR mn) 9,137.085 Oct 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Oct 2022
    Trade Balance: Custom Basis (NPR mn) -114,258.894 Oct 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Oct 2022
    Imports: cif: Custom Basis: Other Countries (NPR mn) 33,362.566 Oct 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Oct 2022
    Imports: cif: Custom Basis: China (NPR mn) 18,364.534 Sep 2022 monthly Apr 2013 - Sep 2022
    Exports: fob: Custom Basis (NPR mn) 13,139.755 Oct 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Oct 2022
    Exports: fob: Custom Basis: Other Countries (NPR mn) 3,962.350 Oct 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Oct 2022
    Imports: cif: Custom Basis: India (NPR mn) 75,122.316 Oct 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Oct 2022
    Imports: cif: Custom Basis (NPR mn) 127,398.650 Oct 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Oct 2022
    Exports: fob: Custom Basis: China (NPR mn) 40.320 Oct 2022 monthly Apr 2013 - Oct 2022
    Exports: Manufactured Goods Classified by Materials (NPR mn) 5,079.579 Jul 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Jul 2022
    Exports: Crude Materials Inedible: Except Fuel (NPR mn) 247.799 Jul 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Jul 2022
    Exports: Food & Live Animals (NPR mn) 2,662.045 Apr 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Apr 2022
    Exports: Miscellaneous Manufactures Articles (NPR mn) 1,793.544 Jul 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Jul 2022
    Exports: Chemicals (NPR mn) 516.164 Apr 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Apr 2022
    Imports: Manufactured Goods Classified by Materials (NPR mn) 22,968.802 Jul 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Jul 2022
    Imports: Food & Live Animals (NPR mn) 13,473.875 Jul 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Jul 2022
    Imports: Machinery & Transport Equipments (NPR mn) 26,790.925 Jul 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Jul 2022
    Imports: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants & Related Minerals (NPR mn) 43,734.392 Jul 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Jul 2022
    Imports: Chemicals (NPR mn) 25,650.137 Jul 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Jul 2022
    Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
    Current Account Balance (USD mn) -1,166.9 Oct 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Oct 2022
    Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -12.8 2022 yearly 2001 - 2022
    Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 39.5 Oct 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Oct 2022
    Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.4 2022 yearly 2001 - 2022
    External Debt (USD mn) 8,841.2 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2012 - Jun 2022
    External Debt: % of GDP (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
    External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 360.5 2020 yearly 1977 - 2020
    Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -2.070 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
    Net International Investment Position (USD mn) -2,408.328 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2012 - Jun 2022
    NP: BoP: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 0.000 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 1977 - Jun 2020
    NP: BoP: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment: Liabilities (USD mn) 0.000 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 1977 - Jun 2020
    NP: BoP: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment: Assets (USD mn) 0.000 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 1977 - Jun 2020
    BoP: Financial Account: Direct Investment in Nepal (NPR mn) 5,070.734 Oct 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Oct 2022
    Monetary Last Frequency Range
    Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 2.5 2015 yearly 2003 - 2015
    Non-Performing Loans (USD mn) 267.883 2015 yearly 2003 - 2015
    Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 6,852.389 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Sep 2022
    Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 42,711.443 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Sep 2022
    M2 Growth (%) 5.3 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2022
    Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 4.0 Nov 2022 monthly Jul 2003 - Nov 2022
    Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 9,534.5 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2022
    Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 4.000 Nov 2022 monthly Jul 2003 - Nov 2022
    Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 8.8 Sep 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Sep 2022
    Gold Reserves (USD mn) 456.640 Oct 2022 monthly Jul 1957 - Oct 2022
    Total Deposits (USD mn) 32,172.756 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Oct 2022
    Total Deposits Growth (%) 8.9 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2022
    Domestic Credit (USD mn) 43,688.6 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Oct 2022
    Domestic Credit Growth (%) 10.4 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2022
    Total Loans (USD mn) 32,546.613 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Jul 2022
    Total Loans Growth (%) 12.70 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - Jul 2022
    Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 79.54 2022 yearly 2003 - 2022
    Monetary Survey: Broad Money M2 (NPR mn) 5,544,512.426 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Oct 2022
    Monetary Survey: Domestic Credits (DO) (NPR mn) 5,756,845.518 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Oct 2022
    Monetary Survey: Narrow Money M1 (NPR mn) 905,864.207 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Oct 2022
    Commercial Banks: Loans & Advances (NPR mn) 1,945,068.90 Jan 2018 monthly Jan 2001 - Jan 2018
    CB: NPL (NPR mn) 27,174.060 2015 yearly 2003 - 2015

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