Vietnam National Government Debt

2010 - 2021 | Yearly | USD mn | Ministry of Finance

Key information about Vietnam National Government Debt

  • Vietnam National Government Debt reached 142.0 USD bn in Dec 2021, compared with 135.4 USD bn in the previous year.
  • Vietnam National Government Debt data is updated yearly, available from Dec 2010 to Dec 2021.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 142.0 USD bn in Dec 2021 and a record low of 47.0 USD bn in Dec 2010.

The Ministry of Finance provides annual Government Debt in USD. Government Debt covers Central Government only.


Related information about Vietnam National Government Debt
  • In the latest reports, Vietnam Consolidated Fiscal Balance recorded a deficit equal to 5.5 % of its Nominal GDP in Dec 2020.
  • The country's Government debt accounted for 39.1 % of its Nominal GDP in Dec 2021.
  • Vietnam Nominal GDP reached 362.6 USD bn in Dec 2021.

View Vietnam's National Government Debt from 2010 to 2021 in the chart:

Vietnam National Government Debt

What was Vietnam's National Government Debt in 2021?

Vietnam National Government Debt reached 142.0 USD bn in Dec 2021, compared with 135.4 USD bn in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
141,978.4 2021 135,396.3 2020 46,978.1 2010 141,978.4 2021 USD mn yearly 2010 - 2021

National Government Debt by Country Comparison

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Includes National Government Debt on 98 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (USD mn) 11,249.2 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2010 - Sep 2022
Algeria (USD mn) 62,686.3 2018 yearly 1997 - 2018
Argentina (USD mn) 378,505.7 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 1994 - Jun 2022
Armenia (USD mn) 9,938.4 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2002 - Sep 2022
Australia (USD mn) 743,969.0 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Austria (USD mn) 371,239.8 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
Azerbaijan (USD mn) 3,398.5 2010 yearly 2008 - 2010
Bahrain (USD mn) 37,068.6 Sep 2022 monthly Mar 2001 - Sep 2022
Belarus (USD mn) 23,375.7 May 2022 monthly Dec 2003 - May 2022
Belgium (USD mn) 600,202.4 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1980 - Jun 2022
Bolivia (USD mn) 8,960.7 2014 yearly 1998 - 2014
Bosnia and Herzegovina (USD mn) 3,571.5 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
Botswana (USD mn) 3,581.9 2022 yearly 2002 - 2022
Brazil (USD mn) 1,344,691.5 Sep 2022 monthly Dec 2000 - Sep 2022
Bulgaria (USD mn) 17,928.2 Sep 2022 monthly Dec 2015 - Sep 2022
Canada (USD mn) 1,473,046.8 2022 yearly 1962 - 2022
Chile (USD mn) 107,953.7 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2002 - Jun 2022
China (USD mn) 3,651,528.3 2021 yearly 2005 - 2021
Colombia (USD mn) 208,662.8 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2001 - Mar 2022
Croatia (USD mn) 6,204.4 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1995 - Jul 2022
Cyprus (USD mn) 23,481.8 Sep 2022 monthly Dec 2010 - Sep 2022
Czech Republic (USD mn) 118,705.8 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
Denmark (USD mn) 118,722.6 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
Ecuador (USD mn) 62,859.4 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2005 - Jun 2021
Egypt (USD mn) 316,592.2 Jun 2020 quarterly Jun 2006 - Jun 2020
Estonia (USD mn) 5,976.6 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
European Union (USD mn) 13,735,255.3 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
Finland (USD mn) 196,979.5 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
France (USD mn) 3,053,635.5 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 1995 - Jun 2022
Georgia (USD mn) 9,506.8 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2006 - Sep 2022
Germany (USD mn) 2,632,940.9 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
Greece (USD mn) 375,952.3 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 1999 - Jun 2022
Hong Kong SAR, China (USD mn) 161,605.6 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Hungary (USD mn) 108,148.8 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1989 - Sep 2022
Iceland (USD mn) 18,602.0 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
India (USD mn) 1,784,845.6 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 1998 - Jun 2022
Indonesia (USD mn) 482,351.0 Oct 2022 monthly Jun 2009 - Oct 2022
Ireland (USD mn) 247,691.3 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
Israel (USD mn) 335,707.0 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Italy (USD mn) 2,682,096.2 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 1957 - Sep 2022
Ivory Coast (USD mn) 3,853.2 2015 yearly 1975 - 2015
Japan (USD mn) 8,647,499.1 Sep 2022 monthly Apr 1982 - Sep 2022
Jordan (USD mn) 41,959.7 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - Jul 2022
Kazakhstan (USD mn) 45,490.3 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2022
Kenya (USD mn) 72,069.1 Sep 2022 monthly Sep 1999 - Sep 2022
South Korea (USD mn) 775,658.8 Jun 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2022
Kosovo (USD mn) 1,904.7 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Kuwait (USD mn) 900.9 Sep 2022 monthly Dec 1993 - Sep 2022
Kyrgyzstan (USD mn) 5,217.9 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 2011 - Sep 2022
Latvia (USD mn) 15,856.4 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
Lebanon (USD mn) 97,750.6 Jun 2021 monthly Dec 2001 - Jun 2021
Lithuania (USD mn) 25,360.9 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
Luxembourg (USD mn) 20,214.1 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 1995 - Jun 2022
North Macedonia (USD mn) 6,356.4 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2009 - Sep 2022
Malawi (USD mn) 2,620.0 2014 yearly 2010 - 2014
Malaysia (USD mn) 231,838.2 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1978 - Sep 2022
Malta (USD mn) 9,002.4 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
Mauritius (USD mn) 8,643.8 Jun 2022 quarterly Jun 2003 - Jun 2022
Mexico (USD mn) 706,904.1 Sep 2022 monthly Dec 2005 - Sep 2022
Moldova (USD mn) 4,479.4 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 2007 - Oct 2022
Montenegro (USD mn) 4,202.9 Jun 2022 monthly Dec 2010 - Jun 2022
Morocco (USD mn) 94,194.6 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2006 - Mar 2022
Nepal (USD mn) 9,555.9 2019 yearly 1990 - 2019
Netherlands (USD mn) 479,086.6 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 1999 - Jun 2022
New Zealand (USD mn) 73,499.1 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2006 - Sep 2022
Nigeria (USD mn) 90,578.2 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2006 - Jun 2022
Norway (USD mn) 203,080.5 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Oman (USD mn) 48,780.2 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Panama (USD mn) 43,616.6 Oct 2022 monthly Jul 2004 - Oct 2022
Paraguay (USD mn) 12,140.2 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Peru (USD mn) 79,749.9 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2022
Philippines (USD mn) 229,453.4 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 1993 - Sep 2022
Poland (USD mn) 324,251.4 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
Portugal (USD mn) 306,161.5 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Mar 2022
Qatar (USD mn) 26,518.7 2012 yearly 2003 - 2012
Romania (USD mn) 128,993.6 Aug 2022 monthly Nov 2011 - Aug 2022
Russia (USD mn) 339,259.9 Sep 2022 monthly May 2009 - Sep 2022
Saudi Arabia (USD mn) 250,136.1 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Serbia (USD mn) 31,716.0 Sep 2022 monthly Sep 2004 - Sep 2022
Singapore (USD mn) 743,106.4 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1990 - Sep 2022
Slovakia (USD mn) 64,927.0 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
Slovenia (USD mn) 42,978.3 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 1999 - Jun 2022
South Africa (USD mn) 272,286.3 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1960 - Jul 2022
Spain (USD mn) 1,544,562.6 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 1990 - Jun 2022
Sri Lanka (USD mn) 68,158.4 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2014 - Jun 2022
Sweden (USD mn) 185,795.8 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
Switzerland (USD mn) 223,056.7 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Taiwan (USD mn) 236,166.9 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Thailand (USD mn) 242,875.0 Sep 2022 monthly Oct 1997 - Sep 2022
Tunisia (USD mn) 34,212.6 Aug 2022 monthly Apr 2011 - Aug 2022
Turkey (USD mn) 233,289.5 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
Ukraine (USD mn) 88,512.1 Sep 2022 monthly Dec 2004 - Sep 2022
United Kingdom (USD mn) 2,963,495.1 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1975 - Jun 2022
United States (USD mn) 31,238,301.0 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1969 - Oct 2022
Uruguay (USD mn) 36,472.3 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2022
Venezuela (USD mn) 105,131.7 2016 yearly 1996 - 2016
Vietnam (USD mn) 141,978.4 2021 yearly 2010 - 2021
Yemen (USD mn) 20,434.2 2013 yearly 2004 - 2013

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Vietnam Key Series

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Includes 177 key indicators for Vietnam, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -5.5 2020 yearly 2010 - 2020
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 15,946.590 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2022
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 13.9 2021 yearly 2010 - 2021
National Government Debt (USD mn) 141,978.4 2021 yearly 2010 - 2021
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 39.1 2021 yearly 2010 - 2021
Forecast: Government Expenditure (VND bn) 3,450,160.604 2027 yearly 1998 - 2027
Forecast: Government Net Debt (VND bn) 6,645,795.546 2027 yearly 2000 - 2027
Forecast: Government Revenue (VND bn) 2,770,059.337 2027 yearly 1998 - 2027
State Govt Budget: ytd: Revenue (VND bn) 941,343.800 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2004 - Jun 2022
State Govt Budget: ytd: Expenditure excl Principal Payment (VND bn) 713,045.000 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2004 - Jun 2022
GD: Outstanding: Domestic: VND (VND bn) 2,207,542.610 2021 yearly 2010 - 2021
GD: Outstanding: External: VND (VND bn) 1,075,849.260 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 9.022 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Trade Balance (USD mn) -500.0 Nov 2022 monthly Jan 1996 - Nov 2022
Total Exports (USD mn) 29,500.0 Nov 2022 monthly Jan 1997 - Nov 2022
Total Exports Growth (%) -7.4 Nov 2022 monthly Jan 1998 - Nov 2022
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 1,047,893.336 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 159,026.972 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 58,623.097 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Imports (USD mn) 30,000.0 Nov 2022 monthly Jan 1997 - Nov 2022
Total Imports Growth (%) -2.0 Nov 2022 monthly Jan 1998 - Nov 2022
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 2,910,937.997 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 1,214,010.358 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 8,202.301 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1990 - Oct 2022
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 1,180.383 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1990 - Oct 2022
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 5,938.904 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 2013 - Oct 2022
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 8,901.592 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Oct 2022
Exports: United States (USD) 4,562,588,364.000 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2013 - Apr 2019
Exports: China (USD) 2,888,701,593.000 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2013 - Apr 2019
Exports: Japan (USD) 1,467,599,017.000 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2013 - Apr 2019
Exports: Canada (USD) 314,331,082.000 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2013 - Apr 2019
Exports: Australia (USD) 293,830,219.000 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2013 - Apr 2019
Exports: ytd: Footwear (USD mn) 22,174.819 Nov 2022 monthly Apr 1998 - Nov 2022
Exports: ytd: Aqua Products (USD mn) 10,135.805 Nov 2022 monthly Apr 1998 - Nov 2022
Exports: ytd: Textiles and Garments (USD mn) 34,579.995 Nov 2022 monthly Apr 1998 - Nov 2022
Exports: ytd: Rice (USD mn) 2,945.457 Oct 2022 monthly Dec 1999 - Oct 2022
Exports: ytd: Crude Oil (USD mn) 1,911.947 Oct 2022 monthly Dec 1999 - Oct 2022
Imports: Australia (USD) 388,919,219.000 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2013 - Apr 2019
Imports: China (USD) 6,536,188,277.000 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2013 - Apr 2019
Imports: Singapore (USD) 370,217,737.000 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2013 - Apr 2019
Imports: United States of America (USD) 1,363,320,562.000 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2013 - Apr 2019
Imports: Thailand (USD) 1,010,176,779.000 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2013 - Apr 2019
Imports: ytd: Machinery and Spare Parts (USD mn) 41,531.305 Nov 2022 monthly Jan 1998 - Nov 2022
Imports: ytd: Petroleum (USD mn) 8,130.632 Nov 2022 monthly Mar 2000 - Nov 2022
Imports: ytd: Steel Products (USD mn) 11,331.283 Nov 2022 monthly Mar 2000 - Nov 2022
Imports: ytd: Garments (USD mn) 13,705.660 Nov 2022 monthly Dec 1999 - Nov 2022
Imports: ytd: Computers, Electronic Product (USD mn) 76,246.399 Nov 2022 monthly Dec 1999 - Nov 2022
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 775.0 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2005 - Jun 2022
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -4,897.0 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1996 - Jun 2022
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -2.1 2021 yearly 2010 - 2021
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 4,510.0 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1996 - Jun 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 4.3 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 950.000 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2005 - Jun 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) -0.3 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2021 - Mar 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) -98.0 Dec 2014 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2014
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) -83.000 Dec 2014 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2014
External Debt (USD mn) 130,119.0 2020 yearly 2010 - 2020
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 38.4 2021 yearly 2010 - 2021
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 26,603.7 2020 yearly 1981 - 2020
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 7.8 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) 3.908 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 39.100 2021 yearly 2010 - 2021
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 1.5 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2011 - Jun 2022
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 143,769.539 Aug 2022 monthly Dec 2000 - Aug 2022
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 545,085.743 Aug 2022 monthly Dec 2000 - Aug 2022
M2 Growth (%) 7.0 Aug 2022 monthly Dec 2001 - Aug 2022
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 3.0 Oct 2022 monthly Feb 2010 - Oct 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 101,426.3 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1995 - Jun 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 3.000 Oct 2022 monthly Feb 2010 - Oct 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 3.0 Aug 2022 monthly Mar 1997 - Aug 2022
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 561.080 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2022
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 499,951.6 Aug 2022 monthly Dec 1992 - Aug 2022
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 13.3 Aug 2022 monthly Dec 1993 - Aug 2022
Total Loans (USD mn) 495,611.552 Sep 2022 monthly Apr 2012 - Sep 2022
Total Loans Growth (%) 16.94 Sep 2022 monthly Apr 2013 - Sep 2022
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 129.83 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2010 - Jun 2022
Foreign Reserves: Total Include Gold (USD mn) 103,854.093 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Jun 2022
Foreign Reserves: Foreign Exchange (USD mn) 101,426.260 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Jun 2022
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Global Competitiveness Index (Score) 61.543 2019 yearly 2017 - 2019

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