Vietnam External Debt

2010 - 2019 | Yearly | USD mn | CEIC Data

Key information about Vietnam`s External Debt

  • Vietnam External Debt reached 122.8 USD bn in Dec 2019, compared with 112.1 USD bn in the previous year.
  • Vietnam External Debt: USD mn data is updated yearly, available from Dec 2010 to Dec 2019.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 122.8 USD bn in Dec 2019 and a record low of 44.3 USD bn in Dec 2010.

The Ministry of Finance provides annual External Debt in USD.

Related information about Vietnam`s External Debt
  • In the latest reports of Vietnam, Current Account recorded a deficit of 4.6 USD bn in Jun 2021.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 4.1 USD bn in Sep 2020.
  • Vietnam Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 66.0 USD mn in Jun 2021.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment increased by 559.0 USD mn in Jun 2021.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 271.2 USD bn in Dec 2020.

View Vietnam's External Debt from 2010 to 2019 in the chart:

Vietnam External Debt

What was Vietnam's External Debt in 2019?

Vietnam External Debt reached 122.8 USD bn in Dec 2019, compared with 112.1 USD bn in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
122,779.6 2019 112,114.0 2018 44,349.0 2010 122,779.6 2019 USD mn yearly 2010 - 2019

External Debt by Country Comparison

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Includes External Debt on 109 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (USD mn) 10,439.7 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2003 - Jun 2021
Algeria (USD mn) 3,838.0 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 2007 - Dec 2019
Argentina (USD mn) 271,505.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2006 - Dec 2020
Armenia (USD mn) 6,753.6 May 2021 monthly Dec 2012 - May 2021
Australia (USD mn) 1,848,275.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Sep 1988 - Mar 2021
Austria (USD mn) 739,162.4 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1997 - Jun 2021
Azerbaijan (USD mn) 8,821.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2020
Bangladesh (USD mn) 70,671.3 Dec 2020 quarterly Sep 2011 - Dec 2020
Belarus (USD mn) 42,274.8 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 1995 - Jun 2021
Belgium (USD mn) 1,437,640.6 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2007 - Jun 2021
Bolivia (USD mn) 13,510.6 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 2006 - Jun 2020
Bosnia and Herzegovina (USD mn) 5,398.0 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2021
Botswana (USD mn) 1,294.1 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Brazil (USD mn) 548,388.8 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2021
Bulgaria (USD mn) 48,598.1 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Aug 2021
Cambodia (USD mn) 18,506.3 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2010 - Jun 2021
Canada (USD mn) 2,478,436.0 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1990 - Jun 2021
Chile (USD mn) 233,154.5 Sep 2021 monthly Dec 1995 - Sep 2021
China (USD mn) 2,679,822.8 Jun 2021 quarterly Jun 2003 - Jun 2021
Colombia (USD mn) 153,628.4 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Mar 2021
Croatia (USD mn) 52,343.0 Jul 2021 monthly Dec 1998 - Jul 2021
Cyprus (USD mn) 228,988.1 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Jun 2021
Czech Republic (USD mn) 201,108.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1993 - Dec 2020
Denmark (USD mn) 602,574.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2005 - Dec 2020
Ecuador (USD mn) 56,198.3 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Sep 2021
Egypt (USD mn) 129,195.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Jun 1997 - Dec 2020
Estonia (USD mn) 31,106.3 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1996 - Jun 2021
European Union (USD mn) 18,244,685.7 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Jun 2021
Finland (USD mn) 694,888.8 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1991 - Jun 2021
France (USD mn) 7,488,799.7 Jun 2021 quarterly Jun 2004 - Jun 2021
Georgia (USD mn) 20,630.4 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Jun 2021
Germany (USD mn) 6,816,495.6 Jun 2021 quarterly Jun 1999 - Jun 2021
Ghana (USD mn) 24,598.8 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2012 - Mar 2021
Greece (USD mn) 623,753.0 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2003 - Jun 2021
Hong Kong SAR, China (USD mn) 1,832,751.0 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2001 - Jun 2021
Hungary (USD mn) 263,522.4 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2006 - Jun 2021
Iceland (USD mn) 20,262.0 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 1989 - Jun 2021
India (USD mn) 563,486.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Sep 1999 - Dec 2020
Indonesia (USD mn) 417,950.3 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2008 - Apr 2021
Iran (USD mn) 9,142.0 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (USD mn) 3,211,912.2 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2002 - Jun 2021
Israel (USD mn) 132,488.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2011 - Dec 2020
Italy (USD mn) 2,799,439.5 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2002 - Jun 2021
Ivory Coast (USD mn) 25,072.7 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Japan (USD mn) 4,574,792.2 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2003 - Jun 2021
Jordan (USD mn) 36,263.5 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2006 - Jun 2021
Kazakhstan (USD mn) 163,360.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2020
Kenya (USD mn) 37,230.4 Jun 2021 monthly Sep 1999 - Jun 2021
South Korea (USD mn) 565,896.7 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1994 - Mar 2021
Kosovo (USD mn) 3,187.9 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2011 - Jun 2021
Kuwait (USD mn) 53,819.1 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2018 - Sep 2020
Kyrgyzstan (USD mn) 8,693.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2005 - Dec 2020
Laos (USD mn) 9,935.6 2019 yearly 1996 - 2019
Latvia (USD mn) 42,960.8 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2021
Lebanon (USD mn) 33,676.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2007 - Dec 2020
Lithuania (USD mn) 45,888.4 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 1996 - Jun 2021
Luxembourg (USD mn) 4,032,366.8 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2002 - Jun 2021
North Macedonia (USD mn) 10,598.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2005 - Dec 2020
Malawi (MWK mn) 2,021,553.2 2020 yearly 1984 - 2020
Malaysia (USD mn) 252,443.2 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2021
Malta (USD mn) 108,384.6 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2004 - Jun 2021
Mauritius (USD mn) 220,559.4 Sep 2021 quarterly Dec 2009 - Sep 2021
Mexico (USD mn) 462,504.4 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2020
Moldova (USD mn) 8,504.9 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2011 - Jun 2021
Mongolia (USD mn) 32,958.1 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2021
Montenegro (USD mn) 9,722.7 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Morocco (USD mn) 64,718.8 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2006 - Jun 2021
Mozambique (USD mn) 9,486.1 2017 yearly 1985 - 2017
Myanmar (USD mn) 13,348.1 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Nepal (USD mn) 7,121.3 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 2012 - Jun 2020
Netherlands (USD mn) 4,215,841.8 Jun 2021 quarterly Jun 2003 - Jun 2021
New Zealand (USD mn) 203,740.9 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1993 - Jun 2021
Nigeria (USD mn) 33,468.9 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2006 - Jun 2021
Norway (USD mn) 710,685.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2003 - Mar 2021
Pakistan (USD mn) 116,308.9 Mar 2021 quarterly Jun 2006 - Mar 2021
Palestinian Territory (USD mn) 2,052.0 Dec 2020 monthly Dec 2012 - Dec 2020
Panama (USD mn) 31,734.8 May 2021 monthly Jul 2004 - May 2021
Paraguay (USD mn) 19,549.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
Peru (USD mn) 93,270.7 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1980 - Mar 2021
Philippines (USD mn) 101,185.8 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Jun 2021
Poland (USD mn) 366,510.0 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2021
Portugal (USD mn) 480,282.9 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 1996 - Sep 2021
Qatar (USD mn) 103,900.0 2010 yearly 2000 - 2010
Romania (USD mn) 154,706.6 Sep 2021 monthly Dec 2004 - Sep 2021
Russia (USD mn) 489,243.0 Sep 2021 quarterly Dec 2000 - Sep 2021
Serbia (USD mn) 38,258.2 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2003 - Jun 2021
Singapore (USD mn) 1,669,197.0 Jun 2021 quarterly Jun 2003 - Jun 2021
Slovakia (USD mn) 131,250.5 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1993 - Jun 2021
Slovenia (USD mn) 59,882.0 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Sep 2021
South Africa (USD mn) 170,836.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1985 - Dec 2020
Spain (USD mn) 2,721,698.9 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1993 - Jun 2021
Sri Lanka (USD mn) 49,211.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2012 - Dec 2020
Sudan (USD mn) 51,200.0 2019 yearly 2001 - 2019
Sweden (USD mn) 1,088,950.9 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2021
Switzerland (USD mn) 2,313,386.4 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Jun 2021
Taiwan (USD mn) 209,223.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Jun 1999 - Mar 2021
Tajikistan (USD mn) 6,608.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Jun 2015 - Dec 2020
Thailand (USD mn) 187,783.4 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2021
Tunisia (USD mn) 41,085.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2009 - Dec 2020
Turkey (USD mn) 450,047.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1989 - Dec 2020

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Vietnam Key Series

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Includes 182 key indicators for Vietnam, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -4.2 2018 yearly 2010 - 2018
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 9,570.011 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2021
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 16.9 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
National Government Debt (USD mn) 125,215.3 2019 yearly 2010 - 2019
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 49.1 2020 yearly 2010 - 2020
Forecast: Government Expenditure (VND bn) 3,023,097.070 2026 yearly 1998 - 2026
Forecast: Government Net Debt (VND bn) 6,717,205.680 2026 yearly 2000 - 2026
Forecast: Government Revenue (VND bn) 2,489,605.050 2026 yearly 1998 - 2026
State Govt Budget: ytd: Revenue (VND bn) 1,077,430.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Dec 2004 - Sep 2021
State Govt Budget: ytd: Revenue: Tax: Special Consumption Tax (VND bn) 75,620.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Dec 2004 - Sep 2021
State Govt Budget: ytd: Revenue: Tax: Value Added Tax (VND bn) 266,820.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Dec 2004 - Sep 2021
State Govt Budget: ytd: Expenditure: Current (VND bn) 811,949.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Dec 2004 - Sep 2021
State Govt Budget: ytd: Expenditure excl Principal Payment (VND bn) 1,030,500.000 Sep 2021 quarterly Dec 2004 - Sep 2021
GD: Outstanding: Domestic: VND (VND bn) 1,793,158.440 2019 yearly 2010 - 2019
GD: Outstanding: External: VND (VND bn) 1,104,699.340 2019 yearly 2002 - 2019
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 8.841 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Trade Balance (USD mn) 2,738.3 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - Oct 2021
Total Exports (USD mn) 25,500.0 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Apr 2021
Total Exports Growth (%) 6.1 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1998 - Oct 2021
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 720,064.076 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 149,127.303 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 52,006.200 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Imports (USD mn) 28,266.7 May 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - May 2021
Total Imports Growth (%) 7.8 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1998 - Oct 2021
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 2,970,131.540 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 1,174,936.982 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 8,183.255 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1960 - Jan 2021
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 1,458.550 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 1990 - Mar 2021
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 3,996.735 May 2021 monthly Jan 2013 - May 2021
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 9,595.330 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Apr 2021
Exports: Japan (USD) 1,467,599,017.000 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2013 - Apr 2019
Exports: Canada (USD) 314,331,082.000 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2013 - Apr 2019
Exports: Australia (USD) 293,830,219.000 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2013 - Apr 2019
Exports: United States (USD) 4,562,588,364.000 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2013 - Apr 2019
Exports: China (USD) 2,888,701,593.000 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2013 - Apr 2019
Exports: ytd: Crude Oil (USD mn) 1,451.288 Oct 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Oct 2021
Exports: ytd: Aqua Products (USD mn) 7,074.302 Oct 2021 monthly Apr 1998 - Oct 2021
Exports: ytd: Textiles and Garments (USD mn) 26,091.074 Oct 2021 monthly Apr 1998 - Oct 2021
Exports: ytd: Rice (USD mn) 2,737.195 Oct 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Oct 2021
Exports: ytd: Footwear (USD mn) 14,244.440 Oct 2021 monthly Apr 1998 - Oct 2021
Imports: Singapore (USD) 370,217,737.000 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2013 - Apr 2019
Imports: United States of America (USD) 1,363,320,562.000 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2013 - Apr 2019
Imports: Thailand (USD) 1,010,176,779.000 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2013 - Apr 2019
Imports: Australia (USD) 388,919,219.000 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2013 - Apr 2019
Imports: China (USD) 6,536,188,277.000 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2013 - Apr 2019
Imports: ytd: Garments (USD mn) 11,617.204 Oct 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Oct 2021
Imports: ytd: Machinery and Spare Parts (USD mn) 38,391.926 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1998 - Oct 2021
Imports: ytd: Petroleum (USD mn) 3,281.177 Oct 2021 monthly Mar 2000 - Oct 2021
Imports: ytd: Computers, Electronic Product (USD mn) 60,348.027 Oct 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Oct 2021
Imports: ytd: Steel Products (USD mn) 9,603.975 Oct 2021 monthly Mar 2000 - Oct 2021
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 66.0 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2005 - Jun 2021
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -4,596.0 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1996 - Jun 2021
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) 3.6 2020 yearly 2010 - 2020
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 4,080.0 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 1996 - Sep 2020
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 4.6 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 559.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2005 - Jun 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) -0.0 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2012 - Sep 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) -98.0 Dec 2014 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2014
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) -83.000 Dec 2014 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2014
External Debt (USD mn) 122,779.6 2019 yearly 2010 - 2019
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 47.1 2019 yearly 2010 - 2019
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) 3.934 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 49.100 2020 yearly 2010 - 2020
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 2.1 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2011 - Sep 2020
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 125,653.975 Mar 2021 monthly Dec 2000 - Mar 2021
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 496,926.550 Mar 2021 monthly Dec 2000 - Mar 2021
M2 Growth (%) 14.3 Mar 2021 monthly Dec 2001 - Mar 2021
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 3.0 Apr 2021 monthly Feb 2010 - Apr 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 104,967.5 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 3.000 Apr 2021 monthly Feb 2010 - Apr 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 3.8 Aug 2021 monthly Mar 1997 - Aug 2021
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 589.500 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 425,707.5 Mar 2021 monthly Dec 1992 - Mar 2021
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 13.6 Mar 2021 monthly Dec 1993 - Mar 2021
Total Loans (USD mn) 400,046.304 Feb 2021 monthly Apr 2012 - Feb 2021
Total Loans Growth (%) 13.99 Mar 2021 monthly Apr 2013 - Mar 2021
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 137.91 Dec 2019 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2019
Foreign Reserves: Foreign Exchange (USD mn) 99,822.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1995 - Jun 2021
Foreign Reserves: Total Include Gold (USD mn) 100,789.095 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1995 - Jun 2021
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Global Competitiveness Index (Score) 61.543 2019 yearly 2017 - 2019

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