Vietnam Government Debt: % of GDP

2010 - 2020 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Vietnam Government debt accounted for 48.5 % of the country's Nominal GDP in Dec 2020, compared with the ratio of 48.0 % in the previous year. Vietnam government debt to GDP ratio data is updated yearly, available from Dec 2010 to Dec 2020. The data reached an all-time high of 52.7 % in Dec 2016 and a record low of 39.4 % in Dec 2012. The Ministry of Finance provides annual Government Debt as % Nominal GDP. Data for 2019 and 2020 are estimated values reported by the Ministry of Finance.

In the latest reports, Vietnam National Government Debt reached 125.2 USD bn in Dec 2019. The country's Nominal GDP reached 271.2 USD bn in Dec 2020.

View Vietnam's Government Debt: % of GDP from 2010 to 2020 in the chart:

Vietnam Government Debt: % of GDP

What was Vietnam's Government Debt: % of GDP in 2020?

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
48.5 2020 48.0 2019 39.4 2012 52.7 2016 % yearly 2010 - 2020

Government Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 76.2 Sep 2020 quarterly Sep 2010 - Sep 2020
Algeria (%) 30.7 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Argentina (%) 99.0 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2004 - Sep 2020
Armenia (%) 60.9 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2013 - Sep 2020
Australia (%) 34.7 2019 yearly 1999 - 2019
Austria (%) 79.1 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2020
Azerbaijan (%) 6.4 2010 yearly 2008 - 2010
Bahrain (%) 98.6 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2007 - Sep 2020
Bangladesh (%) 21.3 2020 yearly 2010 - 2020
Belarus (%) 22.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2003 - Dec 2020
Belgium (%) 113.2 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 1980 - Sep 2020
Bolivia (%) 27.2 2014 yearly 1998 - 2014
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 23.0 2019 yearly 2007 - 2019
Botswana (%) 13.9 Dec 2019 quarterly Jun 2014 - Dec 2019
Brazil (%) 89.3 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2006 - Dec 2020
Bulgaria (%) 25.3 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2007 - Sep 2020
Cambodia (%) 28.1 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
Canada (%) 54.0 2020 yearly 1962 - 2020
Chile (%) 32.7 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2002 - Sep 2020
China (%) 20.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2014 - Dec 2020
Colombia (%) 65.7 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2005 - Sep 2020
Croatia (%) 86.4 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 1995 - Sep 2020
Cyprus (%) 119.5 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Sep 2020
Czech Republic (%) 38.4 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2020
Denmark (%) 42.4 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2020
Ecuador (%) 57.2 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2005 - Sep 2020
Egypt (%) 66.3 Dec 2019 quarterly Jun 2006 - Dec 2019
Estonia (%) 18.5 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2020
European Union (%) 89.8 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2020
Finland (%) 66.9 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2020
France (%) 116.4 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 1995 - Sep 2020
Georgia (%) 54.9 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2006 - Sep 2020
Germany (%) 70.0 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2020
Ghana (%) 63.0 2019 yearly 2006 - 2019
Greece (%) 199.9 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 1999 - Sep 2020
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 41.9 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Hungary (%) 72.5 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 1990 - Sep 2020
Iceland (%) 68.9 2019 yearly 1998 - 2019
India (%) 56.2 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2012 - Sep 2020
Indonesia (%) 39.4 Dec 2020 quarterly Jun 2015 - Dec 2020
Iran (%) 15.8 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 1998 - Jun 2020
Ireland (%) 62.0 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2020
Israel (%) 58.4 2019 yearly 1995 - 2019
Italy (%) 154.2 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 1995 - Sep 2020
Ivory Coast (%) 8.6 2015 yearly 1975 - 2015
Japan (%) 224.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1994 - Dec 2020
Jordan (%) 85.0 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2002 - Sep 2020
Kazakhstan (%) 23.2 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2020
Kenya (%) 68.6 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2009 - Sep 2020
South Korea (%) 41.7 Sep 2020 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2020
Kosovo (%) 17.5 2019 yearly 2009 - 2019
Kuwait (%) 4.2 Mar 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Mar 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 68.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2011 - Dec 2020
Latvia (%) 44.6 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2020
Lebanon (%) 171.0 2019 yearly 1998 - 2019
Lithuania (%) 45.9 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2020
Luxembourg (%) 26.1 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 1997 - Sep 2020
North Macedonia (%) 52.0 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2009 - Sep 2020
Malawi (%) 66.0 2014 yearly 2010 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 62.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2020
Malta (%) 53.7 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2000 - Sep 2020
Mauritius (%) 76.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Jun 2003 - Dec 2020
Mexico (%) 52.6 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2005 - Sep 2020
Moldova (%) 30.4 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2007 - Sep 2020
Montenegro (%) 85.4 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Sep 2020
Morocco (%) 65.0 2019 yearly 1994 - 2019
Nepal (%) 30.3 2019 yearly 1990 - 2019
Netherlands (%) 55.2 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 1999 - Sep 2020
New Zealand (%) 33.6 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2007 - Sep 2020
Nigeria (%) 18.9 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Sep 2020
Norway (%) 40.2 2019 yearly 1995 - 2019
Oman (%) 55.8 2019 yearly 1990 - 2019
Pakistan (%) 83.3 2019 yearly 2000 - 2019
Palestinian Territory (%) 89.5 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Sep 2020
Panama (%) 65.1 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2007 - Sep 2020
Paraguay (%) 27.9 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2014 - Sep 2020
Peru (%) 35.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
Philippines (%) 54.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1993 - Dec 2020
Poland (%) 56.7 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2002 - Sep 2020
Portugal (%) 133.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
Qatar (%) 15.0 2012 yearly 2006 - 2012
Romania (%) 43.1 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2011 - Sep 2020
Russia (%) 15.4 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2011 - Sep 2020
Saudi Arabia (%) 31.4 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2016 - Sep 2020
Serbia (%) 57.6 Sep 2020 quarterly Sep 2004 - Sep 2020
Singapore (%) 150.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1990 - Dec 2020
Slovakia (%) 60.3 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2020
Slovenia (%) 78.5 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 1999 - Sep 2020
South Africa (%) 75.2 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 1960 - Sep 2020
Spain (%) 114.1 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 1995 - Sep 2020
Sri Lanka (%) 98.0 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2014 - Sep 2020
Sweden (%) 37.7 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2020
Switzerland (%) 25.8 2018 yearly 1990 - 2018
Taiwan (%) 32.7 2019 yearly 1996 - 2019
Tajikistan (%) 44.8 2018 yearly 1999 - 2018
Thailand (%) 44.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1997 - Dec 2020
Tunisia (%) 77.1 Dec 2018 monthly Apr 2011 - Dec 2018
Turkey (%) 42.6 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2001 - Sep 2020
Ukraine (%) 51.8 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Sep 2020
United Kingdom (%) 100.5 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 1975 - Sep 2020

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Vietnam Key Series

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Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -5.2 2018 yearly 1990 - 2018
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 10,630.267 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2020
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 15.5 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
National Government Debt (USD mn) 125,215.3 2019 yearly 2010 - 2019
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 48.5 2020 yearly 2010 - 2020
Forecast: Government Expenditure (VND bn) 2,967,497.525 2025 yearly 1998 - 2025
Forecast: Government Net Debt (VND bn) 6,156,294.632 2025 yearly 2000 - 2025
Forecast: Government Revenue (VND bn) 2,521,842.977 2025 yearly 1998 - 2025
State Govt Budget: ytd: Revenue (VND bn) 1,323,100.000 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2004 - Dec 2020
State Govt Budget: ytd: Revenue: Tax: Value Added Tax (VND bn) 310,209.600 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2004 - Dec 2020
State Govt Budget: ytd: Revenue: Tax: Special Consumption Tax (VND bn) 89,094.700 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2004 - Dec 2020
State Govt Budget: ytd: Expenditure: Current (VND bn) 1,190,848.000 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2004 - Dec 2020
State Govt Budget: ytd: Expenditure excl Principal Payment (VND bn) 1,686,210.000 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2004 - Dec 2020
GD: Outstanding: External: VND (VND bn) 1,104,699.340 2019 yearly 2002 - 2019
GD: Outstanding: Domestic: VND (VND bn) 1,793,158.440 2019 yearly 2010 - 2019
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 6.843 2025 yearly 1980 - 2025
Trade Balance (USD mn) 2,086.4 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - Jan 2021
Total Exports (USD mn) 27,700.0 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Jan 2021
Total Exports Growth (%) 55.1 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1998 - Jan 2021
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 511,130.993 2019 yearly 1995 - 2019
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 159,636.486 2019 yearly 1995 - 2019
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 44,110.322 2019 yearly 1995 - 2019
Total Imports (USD mn) 27,904.8 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 1997 - Dec 2020
Total Imports Growth (%) 41.3 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1998 - Jan 2021
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 2,748,985.842 2019 yearly 1995 - 2019
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 973,341.948 2019 yearly 1995 - 2019
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 8,183.255 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1960 - Jan 2021
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 1,049.427 Oct 2020 monthly Jan 1990 - Oct 2020
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 5,700.444 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2013 - Dec 2020
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 9,156.066 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jan 2021
Exports: United States (USD) 4,562,588,364.000 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2013 - Apr 2019
Exports: Japan (USD) 1,467,599,017.000 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2013 - Apr 2019
Exports: Australia (USD) 293,830,219.000 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2013 - Apr 2019
Exports: China (USD) 2,888,701,593.000 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2013 - Apr 2019
Exports: Canada (USD) 314,331,082.000 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2013 - Apr 2019
Exports: ytd: Crude Oil (USD mn) 151.678 Jan 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Jan 2021
Exports: ytd: Textiles and Garments (USD mn) 2,660.832 Jan 2021 monthly Apr 1998 - Jan 2021
Exports: ytd: Aqua Products (USD mn) 611.161 Jan 2021 monthly Apr 1998 - Jan 2021
Exports: ytd: Footwear (USD mn) 1,868.068 Jan 2021 monthly Apr 1998 - Jan 2021
Exports: ytd: Rice (USD mn) 191.882 Jan 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Jan 2021
Imports: Australia (USD) 388,919,219.000 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2013 - Apr 2019
Imports: Singapore (USD) 370,217,737.000 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2013 - Apr 2019
Imports: United States of America (USD) 1,363,320,562.000 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2013 - Apr 2019
Imports: Thailand (USD) 1,010,176,779.000 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2013 - Apr 2019
Imports: China (USD) 6,536,188,277.000 Apr 2019 monthly Jan 2013 - Apr 2019
Imports: ytd: Machinery and Spare Parts (USD mn) 3,912.428 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1998 - Jan 2021
Imports: ytd: Computers, Electronic Product (USD mn) 5,659.342 Jan 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Jan 2021
Imports: ytd: Garments (USD mn) 1,107.855 Jan 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Jan 2021
Imports: ytd: Steel Products (USD mn) 841.377 Jan 2021 monthly Mar 2000 - Jan 2021
Imports: ytd: Petroleum (USD mn) 418.552 Jan 2021 monthly Mar 2000 - Jan 2021
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 75.0 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2005 - Sep 2020
Current Account Balance (USD mn) 8,368.0 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 1996 - Sep 2020
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) 4.8 2019 yearly 1989 - 2019
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 4,080.0 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 1996 - Sep 2020
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 6.2 2019 yearly 1985 - 2019
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) -98.0 Dec 2014 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2014
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 1.1 2019 yearly 2005 - 2019
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) -83.000 Dec 2014 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2014
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) -16.000 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2005 - Sep 2020
External Debt (USD mn) 122,779.6 2019 yearly 2010 - 2019
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 47.1 2019 yearly 2010 - 2019
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -0.009 2025 yearly 1980 - 2025
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 48.500 2020 yearly 2010 - 2020
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 2.1 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2011 - Sep 2020
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 111,866.953 Dec 2019 monthly Dec 2000 - Dec 2019
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 429,871.294 Dec 2019 monthly Dec 2000 - Dec 2019
M2 Growth (%) 13.6 Dec 2019 monthly Dec 1993 - Dec 2019
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 3.0 Feb 2021 monthly Feb 2010 - Feb 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 88,351.2 Sep 2020 monthly Jan 1995 - Sep 2020
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 3.000 Jan 2021 monthly Feb 2010 - Jan 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 3.7 Sep 2020 monthly Mar 1997 - Sep 2020
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 616.690 Sep 2020 monthly Jan 1995 - Sep 2020
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 370,807.0 Dec 2019 monthly Dec 1992 - Dec 2019
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 9.3 Dec 2019 monthly Dec 1993 - Dec 2019
Total Loans (USD mn) 374,501.400 Sep 2020 monthly Apr 2012 - Sep 2020
Total Loans Growth (%) 10.21 Sep 2020 monthly Apr 2013 - Sep 2020
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 137.91 Dec 2019 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2019
Foreign Reserves: Total Include Gold (USD mn) 89,356.600 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 1995 - Sep 2020
Foreign Reserves: Foreign Exchange (USD mn) 88,351.210 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 1995 - Sep 2020
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Global Competitiveness Index (Score) 61.543 2019 yearly 2017 - 2019

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