Bangladesh Government Debt: % of GDP

2010 - 2020 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about Bangladesh`s Government Debt: % of GDP

  • Bangladesh Government debt accounted for 21.3 % of the country's Nominal GDP in Dec 2020, compared with the ratio of 19.1 % in the previous year.
  • Bangladesh government debt to GDP ratio data is updated yearly, available from Dec 2010 to Dec 2020.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 25.2 % in Dec 2012 and a record low of 16.7 % in Dec 2017.

CEIC shifts year-end for annual Government Debt as % of Nominal GDP. Government Debt as % of Nominal GDP is calculated from quarterly Government Debt and annual Nominal GDP. The World Bank provides Government Debt in local currency. The Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics provides Nominal GDP in local currency. Nominal GDP is reported in annual frequency, ending in June of each year.
  • The country's Nominal GDP reached 329.8 USD bn in Jun 2020.
  • View Bangladesh's Government Debt: % of GDP from 2010 to 2020 in the chart:

    Bangladesh Government Debt: % of GDP

    What was Bangladesh's Government Debt: % of GDP in 2020?

    Bangladesh Government debt accounted for 21.3 % of the country's Nominal GDP in Dec 2020, compared with the ratio of 19.1 % in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

    Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
    21.3 2020 19.1 2019 16.7 2017 25.2 2012 % yearly 2010 - 2020

    Government Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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    country/region Last Frequency Range
    Albania (%) 73.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Sep 2010 - Dec 2020
    Algeria (%) 36.4 2018 yearly 1997 - 2018
    Argentina (%) 102.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2004 - Dec 2020
    Armenia (%) 67.3 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2013 - Dec 2020
    Australia (%) 43.2 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
    Austria (%) 83.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
    Azerbaijan (%) 6.4 2010 yearly 2008 - 2010
    Bahrain (%) 100.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2007 - Dec 2020
    Bangladesh (%) 21.3 2020 yearly 2010 - 2020
    Belarus (%) 39.3 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2003 - Mar 2021
    Belgium (%) 114.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1980 - Dec 2020
    Bolivia (%) 27.2 2014 yearly 1998 - 2014
    Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 26.3 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
    Botswana (%) 13.9 Dec 2019 quarterly Jun 2014 - Dec 2019
    Brazil (%) 89.1 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2006 - Mar 2021
    Bulgaria (%) 25.3 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2007 - Sep 2020
    Cambodia (%) 28.1 2019 yearly 2013 - 2019
    Canada (%) 72.2 2021 yearly 1962 - 2021
    Chile (%) 34.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2020
    China (%) 20.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2014 - Dec 2020
    Colombia (%) 65.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2005 - Dec 2020
    Croatia (%) 89.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1995 - Dec 2020
    Cyprus (%) 119.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2020
    Czech Republic (%) 38.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
    Denmark (%) 42.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
    Ecuador (%) 63.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2005 - Dec 2020
    Egypt (%) 68.6 Jun 2020 quarterly Jun 2006 - Jun 2020
    Estonia (%) 18.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
    European Union (%) 90.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
    Finland (%) 69.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
    France (%) 115.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1995 - Dec 2020
    Georgia (%) 59.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2006 - Dec 2020
    Germany (%) 69.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
    Ghana (%) 76.1 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
    Greece (%) 205.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1999 - Dec 2020
    Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 42.2 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
    Hungary (%) 78.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1990 - Dec 2020
    Iceland (%) 77.1 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
    India (%) 56.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2012 - Dec 2020
    Indonesia (%) 39.4 Dec 2020 quarterly Jun 2015 - Dec 2020
    Iran (%) 16.5 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 1998 - Sep 2020
    Ireland (%) 59.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
    Israel (%) 71.1 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
    Italy (%) 155.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1995 - Dec 2020
    Ivory Coast (%) 8.6 2015 yearly 1975 - 2015
    Japan (%) 224.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1994 - Dec 2020
    Jordan (%) 85.0 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2002 - Sep 2020
    Kazakhstan (%) 23.2 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2020
    Kenya (%) 68.6 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2009 - Sep 2020
    South Korea (%) 42.3 Dec 2020 quarterly Sep 2002 - Dec 2020
    Kosovo (%) 21.8 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
    Kuwait (%) 3.2 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Sep 2020
    Kyrgyzstan (%) 68.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2011 - Dec 2020
    Latvia (%) 44.7 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2020
    Lebanon (%) 171.0 2019 yearly 1998 - 2019
    Lithuania (%) 47.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
    Luxembourg (%) 26.1 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 1997 - Sep 2020
    North Macedonia (%) 51.3 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2009 - Dec 2020
    Malawi (%) 66.0 2014 yearly 2010 - 2014
    Malaysia (%) 62.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2020
    Malta (%) 54.3 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2020
    Mauritius (%) 76.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Jun 2003 - Dec 2020
    Mexico (%) 57.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2005 - Dec 2020
    Moldova (%) 32.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2007 - Dec 2020
    Montenegro (%) 103.3 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2020
    Morocco (%) 76.4 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
    Nepal (%) 27.2 2019 yearly 1990 - 2019
    Netherlands (%) 54.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1999 - Dec 2020
    New Zealand (%) 33.6 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2007 - Sep 2020
    Nigeria (%) 18.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2020
    Norway (%) 46.0 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
    Oman (%) 55.8 2019 yearly 1990 - 2019
    Pakistan (%) 84.1 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
    Palestinian Territory (%) 89.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2020
    Panama (%) 69.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2007 - Dec 2020
    Paraguay (%) 30.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2014 - Dec 2020
    Peru (%) 35.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
    Philippines (%) 54.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1993 - Dec 2020
    Poland (%) 57.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2002 - Dec 2020
    Portugal (%) 131.4 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2021
    Qatar (%) 15.0 2012 yearly 2006 - 2012
    Romania (%) 47.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2011 - Dec 2020
    Russia (%) 17.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2011 - Dec 2020
    Saudi Arabia (%) 32.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2016 - Dec 2020
    Serbia (%) 57.4 Dec 2020 quarterly Sep 2004 - Dec 2020
    Singapore (%) 150.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1990 - Dec 2020
    Slovakia (%) 60.0 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2020
    Slovenia (%) 80.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1999 - Dec 2020
    South Africa (%) 77.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1960 - Dec 2020
    Spain (%) 122.8 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1995 - Jun 2021
    Sri Lanka (%) 101.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2014 - Dec 2020
    Sweden (%) 40.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
    Switzerland (%) 25.8 2018 yearly 1990 - 2018
    Taiwan (%) 32.7 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
    Tajikistan (%) 45.5 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
    Thailand (%) 44.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1997 - Dec 2020
    Tunisia (%) 77.1 Dec 2018 monthly Apr 2011 - Dec 2018
    Turkey (%) 39.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2020
    Ukraine (%) 53.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2020
    United Kingdom (%) 104.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1975 - Dec 2020

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    Bangladesh Key Series

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    Includes 204 key indicators for Bangladesh, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
    Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
    Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -5.4 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
    Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -77.594 Dec 2020 monthly Jul 2008 - Dec 2020
    Tax Revenue (USD mn) 2,791.721 Sep 2021 monthly Jul 1990 - Sep 2021
    Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 8.0 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
    Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 21.3 2020 yearly 2010 - 2020
    Forecast: Government Expenditure (BDT bn) 7,011.275 2024 yearly 1980 - 2024
    Forecast: Government Net Debt (BDT bn) 22,700.020 2026 yearly 2003 - 2026
    Forecast: Government Revenue (BDT bn) 5,851.190 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
    Government Debt: Domestic (DO): Net (BDT mn) 2,084,672.000 Jul 2021 monthly Apr 2002 - Jul 2021
    Government Revenue & Foreign Grants (BDT mn) 265,860.000 May 2021 monthly Jul 2008 - May 2021
    Government Overall Balance: Excluding Grants (BDT mn) -176,460.000 May 2021 monthly Jul 2008 - May 2021
    Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
    Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 5.797 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
    Trade Balance (USD mn) -2,163.0 Aug 2021 monthly Jul 1986 - Aug 2021
    Total Exports (USD mn) 3,546.5 Aug 2021 monthly Jul 1986 - Aug 2021
    Total Exports Growth (%) 38.4 Aug 2021 monthly Jul 1987 - Aug 2021
    Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 595.353 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
    Exports: Medicament (USD th) 102,923.420 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
    Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 2,942.411 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
    Total Imports (USD mn) 5,709.5 Aug 2021 monthly Jul 1986 - Aug 2021
    Total Imports Growth (%) 58.2 Aug 2021 monthly Jul 1987 - Aug 2021
    Imports: Medicament (USD th) 99,502.239 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
    Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 391,424.215 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
    Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 437.216 Oct 2020 monthly Jan 1973 - Oct 2020
    Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 169.641 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1981 - Jan 2021
    Total Exports to China (USD mn) 38.959 Feb 2021 monthly Nov 1998 - Feb 2021
    Total Imports from China (USD mn) 1,098.892 Feb 2021 monthly Jan 1981 - Feb 2021
    Export Price Index (2005-2006=100) 237.280 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
    Import Price Index (2005-2006=100) 277.030 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
    Exports: Europe: Spain (BDT mn) 162,189.000 2020 yearly 1987 - 2020
    Exports: Europe: Germany Federal Republic (BDT mn) 379,452.000 2020 yearly 1987 - 2020
    Imports: Capital Machinery (BDT mn) 23,247.400 Aug 2021 monthly Jul 2005 - Aug 2021
    Imports: Petroleum Products (BDT mn) 62,200.000 Aug 2021 monthly Jul 1999 - Aug 2021
    Imports: Yarn (BDT mn) 29,235.000 Aug 2021 monthly Jul 1999 - Aug 2021
    Imports: Cotton (BDT mn) 27,390.000 Aug 2021 monthly Jul 1999 - Aug 2021
    Imports: Textile and Articles Thereof (BDT mn) 28,120.000 Jul 2021 monthly Jul 1999 - Jul 2021
    Terms of Trade Index (2005-2006=100) 87.110 2018 yearly 2007 - 2018
    Imports: Asian Countries: excl Middle East: Japan (BDT mn) 179,697.000 2020 yearly 1987 - 2020
    Imports: Asian Countries: excl Middle East: Singapore (BDT mn) 421,190.000 2020 yearly 1987 - 2020
    Imports: Asian Countries: excl Middle East: Indonesia (BDT mn) 15,463.000 2020 yearly 1987 - 2020
    Imports: Asian Countries: excl Middle East: China (BDT mn) 1,123,512.000 2020 yearly 1987 - 2020
    Imports: Asian Countries: excl Middle East: India (BDT mn) 656,981.000 2020 yearly 1987 - 2020
    Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
    Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 6.1 Jun 2020 quarterly Sep 1997 - Jun 2020
    Current Account Balance (USD mn) 374.3 Jul 2021 monthly Jul 1997 - Jul 2021
    Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -1.1 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
    Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 821.0 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2003 - Jun 2021
    Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.4 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
    Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 7.158 Jun 2020 quarterly Sep 1997 - Jun 2020
    Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.0 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
    Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) -4.6 Jun 2020 quarterly Sep 1997 - Jun 2020
    Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) 11.785 Jun 2020 quarterly Sep 1997 - Jun 2020
    External Debt (USD mn) 70,671.3 Dec 2020 quarterly Sep 2011 - Dec 2020
    External Debt: % of GDP (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
    External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 10,986.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Sep 2011 - Dec 2020
    External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 3.0 2020 yearly 2012 - 2020
    Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -12.216 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
    Net International Investment Position (USD mn) -44,326.496 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2020
    BD: BoP: Capital Account: Debit (USD mn) 0.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1976 - Jun 2021
    BD: BoP: Financial Account: Financial Derivatives & Employee Stock Options: Asse... (USD mn) 0.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1976 - Jun 2021
    BD: BoP: Financial Account: Financial Derivatives & Employee Stock Options: Liab... (USD mn) 0.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1976 - Mar 2021
    BD: BoP: Financial Account: Financial Derivatives & Employee Stock Options (USD mn) 0.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1976 - Jun 2021
    Balance of Payment(BoP): USD: Current Account (CA) (USD mn) -3,887.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2011 - Jun 2021
    BoP: USD: CA: Services: Credit (USD mn) 1,959.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2011 - Jun 2021
    BoP: USD: CA: Secondary Income: Official Transfers (USD mn) 11.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2011 - Jun 2021
    BoP: USD: CF: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment (PI) (USD mn) -40.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2011 - Jun 2021
    BoP: USD: CA: Trade Balance: Import F.O.B (USD mn) -17,914.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2011 - Jun 2021
    BoP: USD: CA: Primary Income: Credit (USD mn) 69.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2011 - Jun 2021
    BoP: USD: CF: Capital Account: Capital Transfers (USD mn) 96.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2011 - Jun 2021
    BoP: USD: Reserve Assets (RA) (USD mn) -2,284.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2011 - Jun 2021
    BoP: USD: CA: Trade Balance: Export F.O.B (USD mn) 9,612.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2011 - Jun 2021
    BoP: USD: CA: Primary Income (USD mn) -856.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2011 - Jun 2021
    BoP: USD: CF: Capital Account (USD mn) 96.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2011 - Jun 2021
    BoP: USD: Net Errors & Omissions (USD mn) 282.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2011 - Jun 2021
    BoP: USD: CF: Financial Account: FDI: of which net inflow (USD mn) 455.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2015 - Jun 2021
    BoP: USD: CA: Services (USD mn) -1,051.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2011 - Jun 2021
    BoP: USD: CA: Primary Income: Debit (USD mn) -925.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2011 - Jun 2021
    BoP: USD: CF: Financial Account: Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 821.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2011 - Jun 2021
    BoP: USD: CA: Trade Balance (USD mn) -8,302.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2011 - Jun 2021
    BoP: USD: CA: Services: Debit (USD mn) -3,010.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2011 - Jun 2021
    BoP: USD: CA: Secondary Income: Private Transfers (PT) (USD mn) 6,311.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2011 - Jun 2021
    BoP: USD: CF: Financial Account: Other Investment (OI) (USD mn) 5,378.000 Jun 2021 quarterly Sep 2011 - Jun 2021
    IIP: Liabilities (BDT mn) 8,681,086.642 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2006 - Jun 2021
    International Investment Position (IIP): Net (BDT mn) -4,049,238.155 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2006 - Jun 2021
    IIP: Assets (BDT mn) 4,631,848.487 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2006 - Jun 2021
    Outstanding External Debt as Percentage of GDP (%) 13.400 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
    Monetary Last Frequency Range
    Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 8.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2003 - Dec 2020
    Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 42,873.310 Sep 2021 monthly Jun 1986 - Sep 2021
    Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 185,475.661 Sep 2021 monthly Jun 1986 - Sep 2021
    M2 Growth (%) 11.2 Sep 2021 monthly Jun 1987 - Sep 2021
    Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 4.0 Apr 2021 monthly Oct 1999 - Apr 2021
    Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 43,099.5 Oct 2021 monthly Dec 1972 - Oct 2021
    Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 4.000 Apr 2021 monthly Oct 1999 - Apr 2021
    Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 7.8 Aug 2021 monthly Jul 1986 - Aug 2021
    Gold Reserves (USD mn) 794.602 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1972 - Oct 2021
    Total Deposits (USD mn) 171,698.979 Aug 2021 monthly Dec 1986 - Aug 2021
    Total Deposits Growth (%) 12.7 Jan 2021 monthly Dec 1987 - Jan 2021
    Domestic Credit (USD mn) 171,801.5 Sep 2021 monthly Jul 1987 - Sep 2021
    Domestic Credit Growth (%) 10.2 Sep 2021 monthly Jul 1988 - Sep 2021
    Total Loans (USD mn) 170,780.601 Jan 2021 monthly Jun 1991 - Jan 2021
    Total Loans Growth (%) 13.38 Mar 2021 monthly Jun 1992 - Mar 2021
    Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 39.05 2020 yearly 1974 - 2020

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