Nepal External Debt: % of GDP

2001 - 2016 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about Nepal`s External Debt: % of GDP

  • Nepal External Debt accounted for 17.3 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2016, compared with the ratio of 16.1 % in the previous year.
  • Nepal External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated yearly, available from Jul 2001 to Jul 2016.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 47.9 % in Jul 2002 and a record low of 16.1 % in Jul 2015.

CEIC calculates External Debt as % of Nominal GDP from annual External Debt and annual Nominal GDP. The Ministry of Finance provides External Debt in local currency. The Central Bureau of Statistics provides Nominal GDP in local currency, at producer prices. External Debt covers Government Debt only. External Debt as % of Nominal GDP is in annual frequency, generally ending on July 15th of each year.


Related information about Nepal`s External Debt: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports of Nepal, Current Account recorded a deficit of 1.1 USD bn in Jul 2021.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 60.6 USD mn in Jul 2021.
  • The country's External Debt reached 7,121.3 in Jun 2020.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 32.4 USD bn in Jul 2020.

View Nepal's External Debt: % of GDP from 2001 to 2016 in the chart:

Nepal External Debt: % of GDP

What was Nepal's External Debt: % of GDP in 2016?

Nepal External Debt accounted for 17.3 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2016, compared with the ratio of 16.1 % in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
17.3 2016 16.1 2015 16.1 2015 47.9 2002 % yearly 2001 - 2016

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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Includes External Debt: % of GDP on 108 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 65.6 2020 yearly 1991 - 2020
Algeria (%) 2.2 2019 yearly 1970 - 2019
Argentina (%) 70.7 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Armenia (%) 102.3 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Australia (%) 129.1 2020 yearly 1988 - 2020
Austria (%) 164.9 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Azerbaijan (%) 20.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2020
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 70.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2020
Belgium (%) 261.0 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Bolivia (%) 38.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 25.5 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Botswana (%) 8.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Brazil (%) 38.4 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
Bulgaria (%) 64.6 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Cambodia (%) 69.9 2020 yearly 2010 - 2020
Canada (%) 142.8 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Chile (%) 82.4 2020 yearly 1971 - 2020
China (%) 16.3 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Colombia (%) 56.7 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Croatia (%) 87.9 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Cyprus (%) 908.4 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Czech Republic (%) 75.5 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Denmark (%) 157.0 2020 yearly 2005 - 2020
Ecuador (%) 57.4 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Egypt (%) 33.9 Sep 2020 quarterly Jun 1999 - Sep 2020
Estonia (%) 91.1 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
European Union (%) 130.3 2020 yearly 2008 - 2020
Finland (%) 225.1 2020 yearly 1991 - 2020
France (%) 261.7 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Georgia (%) 129.8 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Germany (%) 163.3 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Ghana (%) 34.2 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Greece (%) 299.1 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 514.2 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Hungary (%) 155.9 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Iceland (%) 83.5 2020 yearly 1989 - 2020
India (%) 21.1 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Indonesia (%) 39.4 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Iran (%) 1.1 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (%) 701.2 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Israel (%) 32.9 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Italy (%) 140.2 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Ivory Coast (%) 24.0 2018 yearly 1994 - 2018
Japan (%) 92.8 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Jordan (%) 82.1 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Kazakhstan (%) 96.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2020
Kenya (%) 33.1 2019 yearly 2015 - 2019
South Korea (%) 33.3 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Kosovo (%) 37.2 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Kuwait (%) 50.5 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 112.9 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Laos (%) 52.6 2019 yearly 1996 - 2019
Latvia (%) 124.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
Lebanon (%) 62.8 2019 yearly 2007 - 2019
Lithuania (%) 75.7 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Luxembourg (%) 5,166.8 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
North Macedonia (%) 80.2 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Malawi (%) 39.4 2014 yearly 2006 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 67.6 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Malta (%) 678.6 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Mauritius (%) 2,062.5 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Mexico (%) 42.8 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Moldova (%) 70.1 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Mongolia (%) 243.1 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
Montenegro (%) 203.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Morocco (%) 53.5 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Mozambique (%) 71.8 2017 yearly 1985 - 2017
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 443.8 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
New Zealand (%) 90.3 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020
Nigeria (%) 7.8 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Norway (%) 180.1 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Pakistan (%) 41.0 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Palestinian Territory (%) 35.4 2018 yearly 2012 - 2018
Panama (%) 201.9 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Paraguay (%) 53.8 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Peru (%) 43.3 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Philippines (%) 27.2 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Poland (%) 60.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Portugal (%) 205.2 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 58.1 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Russia (%) 31.5 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020
Serbia (%) 61.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Singapore (%) 471.3 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Slovakia (%) 120.5 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Slovenia (%) 101.9 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
South Africa (%) 50.8 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Spain (%) 198.8 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Sri Lanka (%) 61.1 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Sudan (%) 120.5 2019 yearly 2001 - 2019
Sweden (%) 164.2 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Switzerland (%) 283.3 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Taiwan (%) 28.4 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Tajikistan (%) 37.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Thailand (%) 36.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2020
Tunisia (%) 100.9 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Turkey (%) 60.4 2020 yearly 1989 - 2020
Ukraine (%) 80.8 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020

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Nepal Key Series

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Includes 180 key indicators for Nepal, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -10.0 2018 yearly 2012 - 2018
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -110.417 Dec 2020 quarterly Jun 2017 - Dec 2020
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 412.623 Jun 2019 quarterly Sep 1997 - Jun 2019
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 21.7 2018 yearly 2001 - 2018
National Government Debt (USD mn) 9,555.8 2019 yearly 1990 - 2019
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 27.2 2019 yearly 1990 - 2019
Forecast: Government Expenditure (NPR bn) 2,102.990 2026 yearly 2000 - 2026
Forecast: Government Net Debt (NPR bn) 3,935.230 2026 yearly 2000 - 2026
Forecast: Government Revenue (NPR bn) 1,901.270 2026 yearly 2000 - 2026
Government Domestic Debt: Annual: Bonds & Treasury Bills (NPR mn) 800,320.067 2021 yearly 1986 - 2021
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 0.000 yearly -
Trade Balance (USD mn) -1,191.6 Sep 2021 monthly Aug 1974 - Sep 2021
Total Exports (USD mn) 197.4 Sep 2021 monthly Aug 2003 - Sep 2021
Total Exports Growth (%) 115.0 Sep 2021 monthly Aug 2004 - Sep 2021
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 3,097.301 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 10,441.851 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 278.067 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Total Imports (USD mn) 1,388.9 Sep 2021 monthly Aug 2003 - Sep 2021
Total Imports Growth (%) 76.0 Sep 2021 monthly Aug 2004 - Sep 2021
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 205,524.905 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 45,501.231 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 9.524 Oct 2020 monthly Sep 1983 - Oct 2020
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 14.606 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1981 - Jan 2021
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 1.567 Apr 2021 monthly Apr 2013 - Apr 2021
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 238.726 Apr 2021 monthly Apr 2013 - Apr 2021
NP: Exports: fob: Emerging and Developing Economies: Emerging and Developing Asi... (USD mn) 3.305 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1981 - Jul 2021
Exports: fob: Custom Basis: India (NPR mn) 19,307.390 Sep 2021 monthly Aug 2003 - Sep 2021
Imports: cif: Custom Basis: China (NPR mn) 21,876.921 Sep 2021 monthly Apr 2013 - Sep 2021
Exports: fob: Custom Basis: Other Countries (NPR mn) 3,891.833 Sep 2021 monthly Aug 2003 - Sep 2021
Trade Balance: Custom Basis (NPR mn) -140,510.919 Sep 2021 monthly Aug 2003 - Sep 2021
Imports: cif: Custom Basis: India (NPR mn) 97,931.676 Sep 2021 monthly Aug 2003 - Sep 2021
Exports: fob: Custom Basis: China (NPR mn) 75.249 Sep 2021 monthly Apr 2013 - Sep 2021
Imports: cif: Custom Basis: Other Countries (NPR mn) 43,976.793 Sep 2021 monthly Aug 2003 - Sep 2021
Exports: fob: Custom Basis (NPR mn) 23,274.471 Sep 2021 monthly Aug 2003 - Sep 2021
Imports: cif: Custom Basis (NPR mn) 163,785.390 Sep 2021 monthly Aug 2003 - Sep 2021
Exports: Food & Live Animals (NPR mn) 2,153.085 Apr 2021 monthly Aug 2003 - Apr 2021
Exports: Crude Materials Inedible: Except Fuel (NPR mn) 850.592 Apr 2021 monthly Aug 2003 - Apr 2021
Exports: Manufactured Goods Classified by Materials (NPR mn) 3,192.275 Apr 2021 monthly Aug 2003 - Apr 2021
Exports: Chemicals (NPR mn) 555.451 Apr 2021 monthly Aug 2003 - Apr 2021
Exports: Miscellaneous Manufactures Articles (NPR mn) 1,047.343 Apr 2021 monthly Aug 2003 - Apr 2021
Imports: Manufactured Goods Classified by Materials (NPR mn) 35,563.032 Apr 2021 monthly Aug 2003 - Apr 2021
Imports: Chemicals (NPR mn) 18,635.941 Apr 2021 monthly Aug 2003 - Apr 2021
Imports: Machinery & Transport Equipments (NPR mn) 37,719.662 Apr 2021 monthly Aug 2003 - Apr 2021
Imports: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants & Related Minerals (NPR mn) 27,021.273 Apr 2021 monthly Aug 2003 - Apr 2021
Imports: Food & Live Animals (NPR mn) 17,993.136 Apr 2021 monthly Aug 2003 - Apr 2021
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -1,069.0 Jul 2021 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jul 2021
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -7.8 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 60.6 Jul 2021 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jul 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.5 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
External Debt (USD mn) 7,121.3 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 2012 - Jun 2020
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 360.5 2020 yearly 1977 - 2020
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -1.567 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) 1,974.734 Jun 2020 quarterly Dec 2012 - Jun 2020
NP: BoP: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment: Assets (USD mn) 0.000 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 1977 - Jun 2020
NP: BoP: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment: Liabilities (USD mn) 0.000 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 1977 - Jun 2020
NP: BoP: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 0.000 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 1977 - Jun 2020
BoP: Current Account: Services (NPR mn) -23,722.612 Jul 2021 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jul 2021
BoP: Current Account: Income: Debit (NPR mn) -3,346.497 Jul 2021 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jul 2021
BoP: Financial Account: Liabilities (NPR mn) 53,828.175 Jul 2021 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jul 2021
BoP: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment (NPR mn) 0.000 Jul 2021 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jul 2021
BoP: Current Account: Current Transfers (NPR mn) 256,995.319 Jul 2021 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jul 2021
BoP: Current Account: Services: Debit (NPR mn) -39,996.685 Jul 2021 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jul 2021
BoP: Financial Account (NPR mn) 87,350.791 Jul 2021 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jul 2021
BoP: Current Account: Services: Credit (NPR mn) 16,274.073 Jul 2021 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jul 2021
BoP: Financial Account: Assets: Other Investment (OI) (NPR mn) 26,363.284 Jul 2021 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jul 2021
BoP: Financial Account: Direct Investment in Nepal (NPR mn) 7,159.331 Jul 2021 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jul 2021
BoP: Current Account: Goods: Import cif (NPR mn) -415,633.024 Jul 2021 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jul 2021
BoP: Reserve Assets & Related Items (RR) (NPR mn) 31,406.254 Jul 2021 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jul 2021
BoP: Current Account: Current Transfers: Credit (NPR mn) 258,279.239 Jul 2021 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jul 2021
BoP: Current Account: Current Transfers: Debit (NPR mn) -1,283.920 Jul 2021 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jul 2021
BoP: Current Account: Income: Credit (NPR mn) 12,467.255 Jul 2021 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jul 2021
BoP: Current Account: Income (NPR mn) 9,120.758 Jul 2021 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jul 2021
BoP: Current Account: Goods Balance (NPR mn) -368,657.708 Jul 2021 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jul 2021
BoP: Net Error & Omissions (NPR mn) 5,102.831 Jul 2021 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jul 2021
BoP: Current Account: Goods: Exports fob (NPR mn) 46,975.316 Jul 2021 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jul 2021
BoP: Current Account (NPR mn) -126,264.242 Jul 2021 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jul 2021
BoP: Capital Account (NPR mn) 2,404.366 Jul 2021 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jul 2021
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 2.5 2015 yearly 2003 - 2015
Non-Performing Loans (USD mn) 267.883 2015 yearly 2003 - 2015
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 7,732.354 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Sep 2021
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 43,918.769 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Sep 2021
M2 Growth (%) 20.9 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2021
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 3.0 Apr 2021 monthly Jul 2003 - Apr 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 10,899.6 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Mar 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 3.000 Apr 2021 monthly Jul 2003 - Apr 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 7.1 Sep 2021 monthly Aug 2003 - Sep 2021
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 387.729 Sep 2021 monthly Jul 1957 - Sep 2021
Total Deposits (USD mn) 32,871.454 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Sep 2021
Total Deposits Growth (%) 25.8 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Mar 2021
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 42,132.3 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Sep 2021
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 31.0 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2021
Total Loans (USD mn) 27,562.428 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Jan 2021
Total Loans Growth (%) 18.13 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jan 2021
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 71.13 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Monetary Survey: Narrow Money M1 (NPR mn) 909,247.466 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Sep 2021
Monetary Survey: Domestic Credits (DO) (NPR mn) 4,954,332.722 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Sep 2021
Monetary Survey: Broad Money M2 (NPR mn) 5,164,408.060 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Sep 2021
Foreign Reserve (USD mn) 10,423.144 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2021
Commercial Banks: Loans & Advances (NPR mn) 1,945,068.90 Jan 2018 monthly Jan 2001 - Jan 2018
Commercial Banks: Deposits exclude Interbank (NPR mn) 3,865,354.333 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Sep 2021
CB: NPL (NPR mn) 27,174.060 2015 yearly 2003 - 2015

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