Nepal External Debt: % of GDP

2001 - 2016 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about Nepal External Debt: % of GDP

  • Nepal External Debt accounted for 17.3 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2016, compared with the ratio of 16.1 % in the previous year.
  • Nepal External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated yearly, available from Jul 2001 to Jul 2016.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 47.9 % in Jul 2002 and a record low of 16.1 % in Jul 2015.

CEIC calculates External Debt as % of Nominal GDP from annual External Debt and annual Nominal GDP. The Ministry of Finance provides External Debt in local currency. The Central Bureau of Statistics provides Nominal GDP in local currency, at producer prices. External Debt covers Government Debt only. External Debt as % of Nominal GDP is in annual frequency, generally ending on July 15th of each year.


Related information about Nepal External Debt: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports of Nepal, Current Account recorded a deficit of 1.3 USD bn in Apr 2022.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 42.8 USD mn in Apr 2022.
  • The country's External Debt reached 8,896.4 in Mar 2022.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 36.3 USD bn in Jul 2021.

View Nepal's External Debt: % of GDP from 2001 to 2016 in the chart:

Nepal External Debt: % of GDP

What was Nepal's External Debt: % of GDP in 2016?

Nepal External Debt accounted for 17.3 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2016, compared with the ratio of 16.1 % in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
17.3 2016 16.1 2015 16.1 2015 47.9 2002 % yearly 2001 - 2016

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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Includes External Debt: % of GDP on 108 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 63.1 2021 yearly 1991 - 2021
Algeria (%) 2.4 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Argentina (%) 56.6 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Armenia (%) 99.9 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Australia (%) 116.1 2021 yearly 1988 - 2021
Austria (%) 161.7 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Azerbaijan (%) 14.9 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2021
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 58.5 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2022
Belgium (%) 258.0 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
Bolivia (%) 38.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 25.5 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Botswana (%) 8.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Brazil (%) 35.3 2021 yearly 1992 - 2021
Bulgaria (%) 61.8 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Cambodia (%) 75.1 2021 yearly 2010 - 2021
Canada (%) 135.9 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Chile (%) 75.4 2021 yearly 1971 - 2021
China (%) 15.5 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Colombia (%) 54.6 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Croatia (%) 74.6 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Cyprus (%) 822.3 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Czech Republic (%) 73.2 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Denmark (%) 149.9 2021 yearly 2005 - 2021
Ecuador (%) 54.1 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Egypt (%) 34.6 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 1999 - Mar 2022
Estonia (%) 84.7 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
European Union (%) 130.0 2021 yearly 2008 - 2021
Finland (%) 205.9 2021 yearly 1991 - 2021
France (%) 256.2 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Georgia (%) 117.5 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Germany (%) 170.3 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Ghana (%) 35.6 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Greece (%) 304.3 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 510.6 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
Hungary (%) 155.5 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Iceland (%) 84.8 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021
India (%) 19.9 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Indonesia (%) 35.1 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Iran (%) 1.0 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (%) 688.8 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Israel (%) 32.8 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Italy (%) 137.6 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Ivory Coast (%) 24.0 2018 yearly 1994 - 2018
Japan (%) 97.9 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Jordan (%) 86.6 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Kazakhstan (%) 81.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2002 - Mar 2022
Kenya (%) 35.3 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
South Korea (%) 34.9 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Kosovo (%) 38.1 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
Kuwait (%) 58.5 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 106.1 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Laos (%) 53.8 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Latvia (%) 107.8 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
Lebanon (%) 53.0 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Lithuania (%) 76.6 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Luxembourg (%) 4,791.4 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
North Macedonia (%) 81.4 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Malawi (%) 39.4 2014 yearly 2006 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 70.0 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Malta (%) 633.5 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Mauritius (%) 2,062.5 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Mexico (%) 47.0 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Moldova (%) 65.9 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Mongolia (%) 221.1 2021 yearly 1992 - 2021
Montenegro (%) 203.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Morocco (%) 46.9 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Mozambique (%) 71.7 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 412.2 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
New Zealand (%) 87.1 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
Nigeria (%) 8.8 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Norway (%) 154.4 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Pakistan (%) 34.5 2022 yearly 2000 - 2022
Palestinian Territory (%) 12.0 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
Panama (%) 177.4 2021 yearly 2014 - 2021
Paraguay (%) 50.4 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Peru (%) 45.2 2021 yearly 1980 - 2021
Philippines (%) 27.0 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Poland (%) 56.5 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Portugal (%) 193.3 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 56.0 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Russia (%) 27.1 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
Serbia (%) 68.5 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Singapore (%) 448.3 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Slovakia (%) 137.0 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Slovenia (%) 97.7 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
South Africa (%) 38.1 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Spain (%) 193.3 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Sri Lanka (%) 57.7 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Sudan (%) 105.1 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Sweden (%) 169.6 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Switzerland (%) 287.3 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Taiwan (%) 27.6 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Tajikistan (%) 40.6 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Thailand (%) 38.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Mar 2022
Tunisia (%) 100.9 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Turkey (%) 54.2 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021
Ukraine (%) 64.8 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021

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Nepal Key Series

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Includes 158 key indicators for Nepal, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -10.0 2018 yearly 2012 - 2018
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -612.885 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 2017 - Mar 2022
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 412.623 Jun 2019 quarterly Sep 1997 - Jun 2019
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 19.1 2018 yearly 2001 - 2018
National Government Debt (USD mn) 9,555.9 2019 yearly 1990 - 2019
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 27.2 2019 yearly 1990 - 2019
Forecast: Government Expenditure (NPR bn) 2,351.076 2027 yearly 2000 - 2027
Forecast: Government Net Debt (NPR bn) 4,347.674 2027 yearly 2000 - 2027
Forecast: Government Revenue (NPR bn) 2,117.893 2027 yearly 2000 - 2027
Government Debt: External (NPR mn) 594,926.200 2019 yearly 1999 - 2019
Government Domestic Debt: Annual: Bonds & Treasury Bills (NPR mn) 800,320.067 2021 yearly 1986 - 2021
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 0.000 yearly -
Trade Balance (USD mn) -1,134.5 Jul 2022 monthly Aug 1974 - Jul 2022
Total Exports (USD mn) 112.6 Jul 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Jul 2022
Total Exports Growth (%) -28.6 Jul 2022 monthly Aug 2004 - Jul 2022
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 3,105.025 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 15,669.150 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 2,734.145 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Total Imports (USD mn) 1,247.1 Jul 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Jul 2022
Total Imports Growth (%) 0.5 Jul 2022 monthly Aug 2004 - Jul 2022
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 279,262.042 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 102,823.325 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 10.183 May 2022 monthly Sep 1983 - May 2022
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 12.816 May 2022 monthly Jan 1981 - May 2022
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 0.520 Jun 2022 monthly Apr 2013 - Jun 2022
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 139.628 Jun 2022 monthly Apr 2013 - Jun 2022
Exports: fob: Custom Basis (NPR mn) 12,488.806 Jun 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Jun 2022
Imports: cif: Custom Basis: Other Countries (NPR mn) 37,403.922 Jul 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Jul 2022
Imports: cif: Custom Basis: China (NPR mn) 20,572.274 Jul 2022 monthly Apr 2013 - Jul 2022
Imports: cif: Custom Basis (NPR mn) 157,225.254 Jul 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Jul 2022
Imports: cif: Custom Basis: India (NPR mn) 105,676.531 Jun 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Jun 2022
Exports: fob: Custom Basis: India (NPR mn) 9,320.982 Jul 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Jul 2022
Exports: fob: Custom Basis: China (NPR mn) 69.678 Jul 2022 monthly Apr 2013 - Jul 2022
Exports: fob: Custom Basis: Other Countries (NPR mn) 4,803.283 Jul 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Jul 2022
Trade Balance: Custom Basis (NPR mn) -143,031.310 Jul 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Jul 2022
Exports: Chemicals (NPR mn) 516.164 Apr 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Apr 2022
Exports: Crude Materials Inedible: Except Fuel (NPR mn) 272.059 Apr 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Apr 2022
Exports: Food & Live Animals (NPR mn) 2,662.045 Apr 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Apr 2022
Exports: Manufactured Goods Classified by Materials (NPR mn) 4,633.295 Apr 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Apr 2022
Exports: Miscellaneous Manufactures Articles (NPR mn) 1,214.696 Apr 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Apr 2022
Imports: Manufactured Goods Classified by Materials (NPR mn) 31,571.152 Apr 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Apr 2022
Imports: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants & Related Minerals (NPR mn) 39,747.869 Apr 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Apr 2022
Imports: Chemicals (NPR mn) 20,204.678 Apr 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Apr 2022
Imports: Machinery & Transport Equipments (NPR mn) 29,386.532 Apr 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Apr 2022
Imports: Food & Live Animals (NPR mn) 16,476.964 Apr 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Apr 2022
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -890.1 Jul 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jul 2022
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -12.8 2022 yearly 2001 - 2022
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 16.5 Jul 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Jul 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.4 2022 yearly 2001 - 2022
External Debt (USD mn) 8,896.4 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2012 - Mar 2022
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 360.5 2020 yearly 1977 - 2020
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -1.400 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) 473.020 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2012 - Jun 2021
NP: BoP: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment: Assets (USD mn) 0.000 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 1977 - Jun 2020
NP: BoP: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 0.000 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 1977 - Jun 2020
NP: BoP: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment: Liabilities (USD mn) 0.000 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 1977 - Jun 2020
BoP: Net Error & Omissions (NPR mn) 67,344.232 Apr 2022 quarterly Oct 2002 - Apr 2022
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 2.5 2015 yearly 2003 - 2015
Non-Performing Loans (USD mn) 267.883 2015 yearly 2003 - 2015
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 7,418.147 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Jul 2022
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 43,074.883 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Jul 2022
M2 Growth (%) 6.8 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - Jul 2022
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 4.0 Aug 2022 monthly Jul 2003 - Aug 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 8,284.8 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - Jul 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 4.000 Aug 2022 monthly Jul 2003 - Aug 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 6.5 Jun 2022 monthly Aug 2003 - Jun 2022
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 469.777 Jul 2022 monthly Jul 1957 - Jul 2022
Total Deposits (USD mn) 32,956.862 May 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - May 2022
Total Deposits Growth (%) 9.6 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - Jul 2022
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 44,624.2 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Jun 2022
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 17.9 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - Jul 2022
Total Loans (USD mn) 0.200 Apr 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Apr 2022
Total Loans Growth (%) -100.00 Apr 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - Apr 2022
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 80.14 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Monetary Survey: Narrow Money M1 (NPR mn) 951,828.631 May 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - May 2022
Monetary Survey: Domestic Credits (DO) (NPR mn) 5,571,777.595 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Jun 2022
Monetary Survey: Broad Money M2 (NPR mn) 5,505,400.808 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Jul 2022
Commercial Banks: Loans & Advances (NPR mn) 1,945,068.90 Jan 2018 monthly Jan 2001 - Jan 2018
CB: NPL (NPR mn) 27,174.060 2015 yearly 2003 - 2015

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