Russia External Debt: % of GDP

1993 - 2023 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about Russia External Debt: % of GDP

  • Russia External Debt accounted for 16.3 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2023, compared with the ratio of 16.9 % in the previous year.
  • Russia External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated yearly, available from Dec 1993 to Dec 2023.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 90.9 % in Dec 1999 and a record low of 16.3 % in Dec 2023.

CEIC calculates External Debt as % of Nominal GDP from annual External Debt and annual Nominal GDP. The Bank of Russia provides External Debt in USD based on BPM6. Federal State Statistics Service provides Nominal GDP in local currency based on SNA 2008. The Bank of Russia average market exchange rate is used for currency conversions. External Debt as % of Nominal GDP prior to 2002 is calculated from External Debt based on BPM5. External Debt as % of Nominal GDP prior to 1995 is calculated from Nominal GDP based on SNA 1993.


Related information about Russia External Debt: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports of Russia, Current Account recorded a surplus of 600.0 USD mn in Dec 2023.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) fell by 645.6 USD mn in Jun 2023.
  • Russia Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 3.9 USD bn in Jun 2023.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment fell by 1.5 USD bn in Jun 2023.
  • The country's External Debt reached 326,589.0 in Dec 2023.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 494.7 USD bn in Mar 2023.

View Russia's External Debt: % of GDP from 1993 to 2023 in the chart:

Russia External Debt: % of GDP

What was Russia's External Debt: % of GDP in 2023?

Russia External Debt accounted for 16.3 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2023, compared with the ratio of 16.9 % in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
16.3 2023 16.9 2022 16.3 2023 90.9 1999 % yearly 1993 - 2023

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 54.1 2022 yearly 1991 - 2022
Algeria (%) 1.8 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Argentina (%) 44.9 2022 yearly 1994 - 2022
Armenia (%) 78.2 2022 yearly 2000 - 2022
Australia (%) 117.2 2022 yearly 1988 - 2022
Austria (%) 131.7 2022 yearly 1997 - 2022
Azerbaijan (%) 14.9 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2021
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 49.6 Sep 2023 quarterly Dec 2000 - Sep 2023
Belgium (%) 237.9 2022 yearly 2007 - 2022
Bolivia (%) 35.3 2022 yearly 2006 - 2022
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 20.8 2022 yearly 1999 - 2022
Botswana (%) 7.3 2023 yearly 1995 - 2023
Brazil (%) 30.0 2022 yearly 1992 - 2022
Bulgaria (%) 51.6 2022 yearly 1999 - 2022
Cambodia (%) 75.6 2022 yearly 2010 - 2022
Canada (%) 134.9 2022 yearly 1990 - 2022
Chile (%) 77.4 2022 yearly 1971 - 2022
China (%) 13.7 2022 yearly 1985 - 2022
Colombia (%) 53.3 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Croatia (%) 75.0 2022 yearly 1998 - 2022
Cyprus (%) 609.6 2022 yearly 2004 - 2022
Czech Republic (%) 65.6 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Denmark (%) 124.1 2022 yearly 2005 - 2022
Ecuador (%) 51.6 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Egypt (%) 40.3 Jun 2023 quarterly Jun 1999 - Jun 2023
Estonia (%) 84.7 2022 yearly 1996 - 2022
European Union (%) 117.4 2022 yearly 2008 - 2022
Finland (%) 215.4 2022 yearly 1991 - 2022
France (%) 245.8 2022 yearly 2004 - 2022
Georgia (%) 94.2 2022 yearly 1999 - 2022
Germany (%) 155.8 2022 yearly 1999 - 2022
Ghana (%) 39.3 2022 yearly 1999 - 2022
Greece (%) 263.2 2022 yearly 2003 - 2022
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 503.8 2022 yearly 2001 - 2022
Hungary (%) 152.6 2022 yearly 2006 - 2022
Iceland (%) 78.9 2022 yearly 1989 - 2022
India (%) 18.9 2023 yearly 1970 - 2023
Indonesia (%) 29.7 2023 yearly 2003 - 2023
Iran (%) 0.3 2023 yearly 1994 - 2023
Ireland (%) 577.2 2022 yearly 2002 - 2022
Israel (%) 29.1 2022 yearly 1998 - 2022
Italy (%) 129.0 2022 yearly 2002 - 2022
Ivory Coast (%) 31.4 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Japan (%) 104.6 2022 yearly 2003 - 2022
Jordan (%) 80.1 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Kazakhstan (%) 64.8 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2002 - Sep 2023
Kenya (%) 35.0 2022 yearly 2006 - 2022
South Korea (%) 39.8 2022 yearly 1994 - 2022
Kosovo (%) 38.4 2022 yearly 2007 - 2022
Kuwait (%) 35.3 2022 yearly 2014 - 2022
Kyrgyzstan (%) 84.4 2022 yearly 2003 - 2022
Laos (%) 68.0 2022 yearly 1996 - 2022
Latvia (%) 98.8 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2023
Lebanon (%) 53.0 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Lithuania (%) 67.6 2022 yearly 1996 - 2022
Luxembourg (%) 4,521.9 2022 yearly 2002 - 2022
North Macedonia (%) 83.7 2022 yearly 2004 - 2022
Malawi (%) 60.1 2021 yearly 2006 - 2021
Malaysia (%) 63.9 2022 yearly 2009 - 2022
Malta (%) 970.6 2022 yearly 2004 - 2022
Mauritius (%) 1,432.7 2022 yearly 2009 - 2022
Mexico (%) 39.7 2022 yearly 2002 - 2022
Moldova (%) 65.2 2022 yearly 2000 - 2022
Mongolia (%) 194.5 2022 yearly 1992 - 2022
Montenegro (%) 141.5 2022 yearly 2006 - 2022
Morocco (%) 50.9 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Mozambique (%) 71.7 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Myanmar (%) 16.7 2020 yearly 2018 - 2020
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 374.5 2022 yearly 2003 - 2022
New Zealand (%) 85.0 2022 yearly 1993 - 2022
Nigeria (%) 8.9 2022 yearly 1985 - 2022
Norway (%) 133.0 2022 yearly 2003 - 2022
Pakistan (%) 36.5 2023 yearly 2000 - 2023
Palestinian Territory (%) 11.4 2022 yearly 2012 - 2022
Panama (%) 167.4 2021 yearly 2014 - 2021
Paraguay (%) 54.2 2022 yearly 2000 - 2022
Peru (%) 41.8 2022 yearly 1980 - 2022
Philippines (%) 27.5 2022 yearly 1990 - 2022
Poland (%) 53.0 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Portugal (%) 166.0 2022 yearly 1996 - 2022
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 50.6 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Russia (%) 16.3 2023 yearly 1993 - 2023
Serbia (%) 69.4 2022 yearly 2000 - 2022
Singapore (%) 385.6 2022 yearly 2003 - 2022
Slovakia (%) 103.1 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Slovenia (%) 90.9 2022 yearly 2001 - 2022
South Africa (%) 40.5 2022 yearly 1985 - 2022
Spain (%) 193.4 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Sri Lanka (%) 74.7 2022 yearly 1998 - 2022
Sudan (%) 202.2 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
Sweden (%) 170.5 2022 yearly 1997 - 2022
Switzerland (%) 272.8 2022 yearly 1999 - 2022
Taiwan (%) 26.5 2022 yearly 1999 - 2022
Tajikistan (%) 37.7 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Thailand (%) 37.5 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2023
Tunisia (%) 92.1 2022 yearly 2002 - 2022
Turkey (%) 51.3 2022 yearly 1989 - 2022

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Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -2.8 Sep 2023 quarterly Dec 1993 - Sep 2023
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) 2,161.333 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 1993 - Nov 2023
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 398,666.366 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1996 - Dec 2023
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 20.5 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1996 - Sep 2023
National Government Debt (USD mn) 285,379.4 Dec 2023 monthly May 2009 - Dec 2023
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 15.7 Sep 2023 quarterly Dec 2011 - Sep 2023
Forecast: Government Expenditure (RUB bn) 65,352.080 2028 yearly 1998 - 2028
Forecast: Government Net Debt (RUB bn) 35,477.290 2028 yearly 1997 - 2028
Forecast: Government Revenue (RUB bn) 65,847.280 2028 yearly 1998 - 2028
Consolidated Government Revenue: ytd: Taxes & Contributions for Social Needs (RUB bn) 10,312.477 Nov 2023 monthly Jun 2006 - Nov 2023
Consolidated Government Revenue: ytd: ow Excise Tax: Goods Produced in Russia (RUB bn) -389.318 Nov 2023 monthly Aug 2003 - Nov 2023
Consolidated Government Revenue: ytd: ow Excise Tax: Goods Imported in Russia (RUB bn) 147.175 Nov 2023 monthly Aug 2003 - Nov 2023
Consolidated Government Revenue: ytd: ow VAT: Goods, Works, Services Imported in... (RUB bn) 4,024.608 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2005 - Nov 2023
Consolidated Government Budget Balance: ytd (RUB bn) 408.582 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 1993 - Nov 2023
Domestic Debt (RUB bn) 20,714.581 Nov 2023 monthly Dec 2008 - Nov 2023
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 2.711 2028 yearly 1993 - 2028
Trade Balance (USD mn) 10,731.9 Jan 2023 monthly Jan 1998 - Jan 2023
Total Exports (USD mn) 32,935.8 Jan 2023 monthly Jan 1998 - Jan 2023
Total Exports Growth (%) -28.2 Jan 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Jan 2023
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 8,678,074.121 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 669,474.170 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 853,839.583 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Total Imports (USD mn) 22,203.9 Jan 2023 monthly Jan 1998 - Jan 2023
Total Imports Growth (%) -4.8 Jan 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Jan 2023
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 9,142,933.576 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 3,782,568.965 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 968.400 Jan 2022 monthly Mar 2004 - Jan 2022
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 1,311.100 Jan 2022 monthly Jan 1992 - Jan 2022
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 5,804.600 Jan 2022 monthly Mar 2004 - Jan 2022
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 7,204.900 Jan 2022 monthly Jan 1992 - Jan 2022
MED Forecast: World Urals Price: Baseline Scenario (USD/Barrel) 70.017 2026 yearly 2020 - 2026
MED Forecast: World Urals Price: Conservative Scenario (USD/Barrel) 56.496 2026 yearly 2020 - 2026
MED Forecast: GDP Deflator: YoY: Conservative Scenario (%) 3.665 2026 yearly 2020 - 2026
MED Forecast: Real GDP Growth: YoY: Baseline Scenario (%) 2.242 2026 yearly 2020 - 2026
MED Forecast: Real GDP Growth: YoY: Conservative Scenario (%) 1.520 2026 yearly 2020 - 2026
MED Forecast: GDP Deflator: YoY: Baseline Scenario (%) 3.679 2026 yearly 2020 - 2026
Foreign Trade Balance: Central Bank (USD mn) 8,679.000 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 1997 - Nov 2023
Foreign Trade Turnover: CB: Quarterly: Export of Goods (USD bn) 108.928 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1994 - Sep 2023
Foreign Trade Turnover: CB: Quarterly: Import of Goods (USD bn) 75.659 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1994 - Sep 2023
Foreign Trade Turnover: CB: Quarterly: Export of Services: sa (USD bn) 15.431 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1994 - Dec 2021
Foreign Trade Turnover: CB: Quarterly: Import of Services: sa (USD bn) 21.231 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1994 - Dec 2021
MED Forecast: Export Products: Conservative Scenario (USD bn) 463.594 2024 yearly 2020 - 2024
MED Forecast: Import Products: Baseline Scenario (USD bn) 335.491 2026 yearly 2020 - 2026
MED Forecast: Import Products: Conservative Scenario (USD bn) 317.603 2024 yearly 2020 - 2024
Exports: ytd: European Union: Netherlands (USD mn) 4,802.400 Jan 2022 monthly Feb 2004 - Jan 2022
Exports: ytd: Turkey (USD mn) 4,261.700 Jan 2022 monthly Feb 2004 - Jan 2022
Imports: ytd: Clothing (USD mn) 657.500 Jan 2022 monthly Dec 2004 - Jan 2022
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 3,902.9 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1994 - Jun 2023
Current Account Balance (USD mn) 600.0 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2012 - Dec 2023
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) 2.0 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1994 - Jun 2023
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) -645.6 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1994 - Jun 2023
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.1 Dec 2022 quarterly Mar 1994 - Dec 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) -1,464.490 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1994 - Jun 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) -0.3 Jun 2023 quarterly Mar 1994 - Jun 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) -1,377.0 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1994 - Sep 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) -1,308.630 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1994 - Sep 2023
External Debt (USD mn) 326,589.0 Dec 2023 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2023
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 16.3 2023 yearly 1993 - 2023
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 81,431.3 Sep 2023 quarterly Dec 2001 - Sep 2023
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 3.2 2022 yearly 2001 - 2022
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) 45.538 2028 yearly 1992 - 2028
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) 828,779.340 Sep 2023 quarterly Dec 2013 - Sep 2023
RU: BoP: Financial Account: Official Reserve Assets (USD mn) 15,384.980 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1994 - Dec 2019
RU: BoP: Net Errors & Omissions (USD mn) 1,003.680 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1994 - Dec 2019
RU: BoP: Financial Account: Other Investment: Liabilities (USD mn) 261.490 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1994 - Dec 2019
BoP: Current Account: sa: Goods (USD mn) 59,772.000 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1994 - Dec 2021
BoP: Current Account: sa: Goods: Exports (USD mn) 139,127.000 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1994 - Dec 2021
BoP: Current Account: sa: Services (USD mn) -5,800.000 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1994 - Dec 2021
BoP: Current Account: sa: Goods: Imports (USD mn) 79,354.000 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1994 - Dec 2021
BoP: Current Account: sa: Services: Exports (USD mn) 15,431.000 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1994 - Dec 2021
BoP: Current Account: sa: Primary Income: Receivable (USD mn) 8,534.000 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1994 - Sep 2023
BoP: Current Account: sa: Primary Income (USD mn) -4,919.000 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1994 - Sep 2023
BoP: Current Account: sa: Primary Income: Payable (USD mn) 13,453.000 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1994 - Sep 2023
BoP: Current Account: sa: Secondary Income (USD mn) -1,569.000 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1994 - Sep 2023
BoP: Current Account: sa: Services: Imports (USD mn) 21,231.000 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1994 - Dec 2021
BoP: Current Account: sa: Secondary Income: Receivable (USD mn) 2,359.000 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1994 - Sep 2023
BoP: Current Account: sa: Secondary Income: Payable (USD mn) 3,928.000 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1994 - Sep 2023
BoP: NP: FA: Direct Investment: Net Incurrence of Liabilities (USD mn) 1,416.580 Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2018
BoP: CA: Secondary Income: FC: Personal Transfers: Debit (USD mn) 3,693.690 Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1994 - Dec 2018
BoP: CA: Secondary Income: FC: Personal Transfers: Credit (USD mn) 1,195.990 Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1994 - Dec 2018
BoP: CA: Secondary Income: FC: Personal Transfers (Current Transfers between Res... (USD mn) -2,497.700 Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1994 - Dec 2018
FDI: BoP Data: Inward (USD mn) 13,120.334 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1994 - Dec 2021
FDI: BoP Data: Outward (USD mn) 27,837.445 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1994 - Dec 2021
External Debt: Long Term (USD mn) 240,881.370 Sep 2023 quarterly Dec 2002 - Sep 2023
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 16.8 Nov 2020 monthly Jun 2009 - Nov 2020
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 21.1 Sep 2023 quarterly Dec 2000 - Sep 2023
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 553,981.958 Dec 2023 monthly Dec 2007 - Dec 2023
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 1,041,208.720 Nov 2023 monthly Jun 1992 - Nov 2023
M2 Growth (%) 19.4 Dec 2023 monthly Dec 1992 - Dec 2023
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 4.5 Jan 2024 monthly Jul 2004 - Jan 2024
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 405,596.0 Jan 2024 monthly Dec 1996 - Jan 2024
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 18.828 Sep 2023 quarterly Dec 2011 - Sep 2023
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 19.1 Jan 2023 monthly Jan 1998 - Jan 2023
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 151,516.000 Jan 2024 monthly Dec 1993 - Jan 2024
Total Deposits (USD mn) 972,721.967 Jan 2022 monthly Jan 1998 - Jan 2022
Total Deposits Growth (%) 14.1 Jan 2022 monthly Jan 1999 - Jan 2022
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 1,270,610.2 Nov 2023 monthly Dec 2000 - Nov 2023
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 27.6 Nov 2023 monthly Dec 2001 - Nov 2023
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector (%) 12.600 Mar 2023 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2023
Credit to Households (USD bn) 420.810 Mar 2023 quarterly Mar 1998 - Mar 2023
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector (USD bn) 1,912.095 Mar 2023 quarterly Jun 1995 - Mar 2023
Household Debt (USD mn) 397,806.7 Nov 2023 monthly Dec 2000 - Nov 2023
Total Loans (USD mn) 1,199,473.962 Dec 2023 monthly Sep 2002 - Dec 2023
Total Loans Growth (%) 24.32 Dec 2023 monthly Sep 2003 - Dec 2023
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 57.84 Sep 2023 quarterly Sep 2002 - Sep 2023
Banking System Survey: Domestic Claims (RUB mn) 54,882,039.000 Apr 2019 monthly Dec 2014 - Apr 2019
Banking Deposits: Personal (RUB mn) 41,977,469.019 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 1998 - Nov 2023
Loans Debt (RUB bn) 107,578.781 Dec 2023 monthly Sep 2002 - Dec 2023
Loans: As % of Total: Loss (%) 7.379 Nov 2020 monthly Jun 2009 - Nov 2020
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Business Confidence Growth (% Point) 1.0 Jan 2024 monthly Jan 2006 - Jan 2024
Entrepreneur Confidence Indicator: Construction (% Point) -20.000 Mar 2019 quarterly Jun 2002 - Mar 2019

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