Philippines External Debt: % of GDP

1990 - 2020 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about Philippines External Debt: % of GDP

  • Philippines External Debt accounted for 27.2 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2020, compared with the ratio of 22.2 % in the previous year.
  • Philippines External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated yearly, available from Dec 1990 to Dec 2020.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 73.9 % in Dec 2001 and a record low of 22.2 % in Dec 2019.

CEIC calculates External Debt as % of Nominal GDP from annual External Debt and annual Nominal GDP. Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas provides External Debt in USD. Philippine Statistics Authority provides Nominal GDP in local currency. Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas average market exchange rate is used for currency conversions. External Debt prior to 2005 is calculated as the sum of discontinued Total External Debt, Intercompany Accounts: Phil Branches of Foreign Banks, Loans without BSP Approval and Private Sector Obligations under Capital Lease Arrangements. These three items have been included in the Total External Debt under the new reporting framework.


Related information about Philippines External Debt: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports of Philippines, Current Account recorded a deficit of 600.5 USD mn in Sep 2021.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 811.6 USD mn in Aug 2021.
  • Philippines Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 255.0 USD mn in Sep 2021.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment fell by 179.0 USD mn in Sep 2021.
  • The country's External Debt reached 105,929.2 in Sep 2021.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 106.8 USD bn in Dec 2020.

View Philippines's External Debt: % of GDP from 1990 to 2020 in the chart:

Philippines External Debt: % of GDP

What was Philippines's External Debt: % of GDP in 2020?

Philippines External Debt accounted for 27.2 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2020, compared with the ratio of 22.2 % in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
27.2 2020 22.2 2019 22.2 2019 73.9 2001 % yearly 1990 - 2020

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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Includes External Debt: % of GDP on 108 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 65.4 2020 yearly 1991 - 2020
Algeria (%) 2.2 2019 yearly 1970 - 2019
Argentina (%) 70.7 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Armenia (%) 102.3 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Australia (%) 131.9 2020 yearly 1988 - 2020
Austria (%) 164.9 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Azerbaijan (%) 20.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2020
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 70.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2020
Belgium (%) 261.0 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Bolivia (%) 38.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 25.5 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Botswana (%) 8.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Brazil (%) 38.4 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
Bulgaria (%) 64.6 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Cambodia (%) 69.9 2020 yearly 2010 - 2020
Canada (%) 142.5 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Chile (%) 82.4 2020 yearly 1971 - 2020
China (%) 16.3 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Colombia (%) 56.7 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Croatia (%) 86.0 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Cyprus (%) 908.4 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Czech Republic (%) 75.5 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Denmark (%) 157.7 2020 yearly 2005 - 2020
Ecuador (%) 57.1 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Egypt (%) 33.9 Sep 2020 quarterly Jun 1999 - Sep 2020
Estonia (%) 91.1 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
European Union (%) 130.3 2020 yearly 2008 - 2020
Finland (%) 225.2 2020 yearly 1991 - 2020
France (%) 261.7 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Georgia (%) 130.2 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Germany (%) 163.3 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Ghana (%) 34.2 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Greece (%) 299.1 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 516.0 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Hungary (%) 155.9 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Iceland (%) 83.5 2020 yearly 1989 - 2020
India (%) 21.1 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Indonesia (%) 39.4 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Iran (%) 1.0 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (%) 701.2 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Israel (%) 32.9 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Italy (%) 140.2 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Ivory Coast (%) 24.0 2018 yearly 1994 - 2018
Japan (%) 92.8 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Jordan (%) 82.1 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Kazakhstan (%) 96.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2020
Kenya (%) 33.1 2019 yearly 2015 - 2019
South Korea (%) 33.3 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Kosovo (%) 37.2 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Kuwait (%) 50.5 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 112.9 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Laos (%) 52.6 2019 yearly 1996 - 2019
Latvia (%) 124.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
Lebanon (%) 62.8 2019 yearly 2007 - 2019
Lithuania (%) 75.7 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Luxembourg (%) 5,166.8 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
North Macedonia (%) 80.2 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Malawi (%) 39.4 2014 yearly 2006 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 67.6 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Malta (%) 677.1 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Mauritius (%) 2,062.5 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Mexico (%) 42.8 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Moldova (%) 70.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Mongolia (%) 243.1 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
Montenegro (%) 203.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Morocco (%) 53.6 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Mozambique (%) 71.8 2017 yearly 1985 - 2017
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 443.8 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
New Zealand (%) 89.9 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020
Nigeria (%) 7.8 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Norway (%) 180.9 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Pakistan (%) 41.0 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Palestinian Territory (%) 35.4 2018 yearly 2012 - 2018
Panama (%) 198.0 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Paraguay (%) 53.7 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Peru (%) 43.3 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Philippines (%) 27.2 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Poland (%) 60.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Portugal (%) 205.2 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 57.9 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Russia (%) 31.4 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020
Serbia (%) 61.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Singapore (%) 471.3 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Slovakia (%) 120.5 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Slovenia (%) 101.9 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
South Africa (%) 50.8 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Spain (%) 198.8 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Sri Lanka (%) 61.1 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Sudan (%) 105.1 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Sweden (%) 164.1 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Switzerland (%) 280.2 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Taiwan (%) 28.4 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Tajikistan (%) 37.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Thailand (%) 36.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2020
Tunisia (%) 100.9 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Turkey (%) 60.4 2020 yearly 1989 - 2020
Ukraine (%) 80.8 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020

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Philippines Key Series

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Includes 262 key indicators for Philippines, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -7.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1985 - Dec 2020
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -3,941.220 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 1985 - Mar 2021
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 5,367.307 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1985 - Nov 2021
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 14.4 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1985 - Mar 2021
National Government Debt (USD mn) 236,470.5 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Nov 2021
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 54.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1993 - Dec 2020
Forecast: Government Expenditure (PHP bn) 7,200.250 2026 yearly 1989 - 2026
Forecast: Government Net Debt (PHP bn) 18,018.060 2026 yearly 1993 - 2026
Forecast: Government Revenue (PHP bn) 6,588.160 2026 yearly 1989 - 2026
Govt Debt: Domestic and Foreign: Outstanding: Long Term (PHP mn) 7,742,948.000 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2006 - Nov 2021
Govt Debt: Domestic and Foreign: Outstanding: Short Term (PHP mn) 1,398,704.000 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2006 - Nov 2021
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 9.348 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Trade Balance (USD mn) -4,016.6 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1957 - Oct 2021
Total Exports (USD mn) 5,308.7 Feb 2021 monthly Jan 1979 - Feb 2021
Total Exports Growth (%) 2.0 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1980 - Oct 2021
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 135,862.497 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 37,261.055 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 9,074.646 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Imports (USD mn) 8,448.9 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 1979 - Apr 2021
Total Imports Growth (%) 25.1 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1980 - Oct 2021
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 1,133,224.357 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 477,945.320 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 915.536 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 1978 - Dec 2020
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 481.150 Feb 2021 monthly Jan 1986 - Feb 2021
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 953.227 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 1984 - Apr 2021
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 2,211.877 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 1986 - Mar 2021
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Products (USD mn) 108.103 Dec 2018 monthly Jan 2006 - Dec 2018
Imports: Iron and Steel (USD mn) 382.669 Dec 2018 monthly Jan 2006 - Dec 2018
Imports: Metalliferous Ores and Metal Scrap (USD mn) 83.443 Dec 2018 monthly Jan 2006 - Dec 2018
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 255.0 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -600.5 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Sep 2021
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -1.0 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 1981 - Sep 2021
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 811.6 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Aug 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 1.4 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) -178.956 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 3.3 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1980 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) -505.3 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1996 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) 4,069.252 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1977 - Dec 2020
External Debt (USD mn) 105,929.2 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2021
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 27.2 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 12,358.6 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2021
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 3.9 2020 yearly 2005 - 2020
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -9.915 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) -20,181.924 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2012 - Dec 2020
BoP: Change in Reserve Assets: Debit (USD mn) -407.762 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: FA: DI: Net Incurrence of Liabilities (USD mn) 811.596 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Aug 2021
BoP: Financial Account (FA) (USD mn) -496.371 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: CA: Secondary Income (USD mn) 2,582.068 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: FA: OI: Net Incurrence of Liabilities (USD mn) 656.190 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: CA: Export (USD mn) 11,551.993 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: Current Account (CA) (USD mn) -600.497 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: FA: DI: Net Acquisition of Financial Assets (USD mn) 254.955 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: CA: Credit: Receipts (USD mn) 8.094 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: CA: Goods (USD mn) -4,840.477 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: CA: Debit: Payments (USD mn) 3.387 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: CA: Services (USD mn) 1,308.361 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: FA: Direct Investment (DI) (USD mn) -404.597 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: FA: OI: Net Acquisition of Financial Assets (USD mn) -418.878 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: FA: Net Incurrence of Liabilities (USD mn) 847.295 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: CA: Goods: Credit: Export (USD mn) 4,875.031 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: Capital Account (CA) (USD mn) 4.707 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: CA: Import (USD mn) 12,152.490 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: CA: Secondary Income: Credit: Receipts (USD mn) 2,650.886 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: CA: Primary Income: Debit: Payments (USD mn) 724.299 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: CA: Services: Credit: Export (USD mn) 2,952.225 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: FA: PI: Net Acquisition of Financial Assets (USD mn) 611.947 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: CA: Secondary Income: Debit: Payments (USD mn) 68.819 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: CA: Services: Debit: Import (USD mn) 1,643.864 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: FA: Net Acquisition of Financial Assets (USD mn) 350.924 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment (PI) (USD mn) 1,046.635 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: CA: Primary Income: Credit: Receipts (USD mn) 1,073.850 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: FA: Financial Derivatives (FD) (USD mn) -63.342 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: CA: Primary Income (USD mn) 349.551 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: FA: FD: Net Acquisition of Financial Assets (USD mn) -97.100 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: CA: Goods: Debit: Import (USD mn) 9,715.508 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: FA: FD: Net Incurrence of Liabilities (USD mn) -33.758 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: FA: PI: Net Incurrence of Liabilities (USD mn) -434.688 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
BoP: FA: Other Investments (OI) (USD mn) -1,075.068 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Sep 2021
External Debt: By Country Profile: Country: UK (USD mn) 2,434.545 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2021
External Debt: By Country Profile: Country: Japan (USD mn) 14,818.044 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2021
External Debt: By Country Profile: Country: USA (USD mn) 2,849.899 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2021
External Debt: By Country Profile: Country: France (USD mn) 929.789 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2021
External Debt: Medium and Long Term (USD mn) 93,570.552 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2021
External Debt: By Country Profile: Country: Germany (USD mn) 985.728 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Sep 2021
FDI: Approved: Information & Communication (PHP mn) 39.422 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2010 - Sep 2021
FDI: Approved: Administrative & Support Services (PHP mn) 2,384.360 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2010 - Sep 2021
FDI: Approved: Transportation & Storage (PHP mn) 175.050 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2010 - Sep 2021
FDI: Approved: Manufacturing (PHP mn) 11,012.301 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2010 - Sep 2021
FDI: Approved: Real Estate Activities (PHP mn) 2,699.506 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2010 - Sep 2021
Business Closure (BC): All Industries (Unit) 3,294.000 2017 yearly 1995 - 2017
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 4.0 Feb 2021 monthly Jan 2013 - Feb 2021
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 11.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2009 - Dec 2020
Non-Performing Loans (USD mn) 9,544.188 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2013 - Sep 2021
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 116,801.116 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1988 - Nov 2021
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 282,078.710 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1988 - Nov 2021
M2 Growth (%) 9.3 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1989 - Nov 2021
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 12.0 Dec 2021 monthly May 1986 - Dec 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 93,996.2 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 1960 - Nov 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 9.0 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1979 - Oct 2021
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 9,003.388 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 1956 - Nov 2021
Total Deposits (USD mn) 307,124.579 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Sep 2021
Total Deposits Growth (%) 9.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2009 - Dec 2020
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 291,330.8 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 2001 - Nov 2021
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 8.1 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 2002 - Nov 2021
Household Debt (USD mn) 37,746.8 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2021
Total Loans (USD mn) 189,296.297 Feb 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Feb 2021
Total Loans Growth (%) -2.89 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Apr 2021
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 51.89 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2020
DCS: Domestic Claims (DC) (PHP mn) 14,699,967.237 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 2001 - Nov 2021
DCS: LA: M4: M3: M2: M1 (PHP mn) 5,893,550.696 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 2001 - Nov 2021
DCS: LA: M4: M3: M2 (PHP mn) 14,233,127.524 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 2001 - Nov 2021
DCS: LA: M4: M3 (PHP mn) 14,809,292.899 Nov 2021 monthly Dec 2001 - Nov 2021
ORA: Other Reserve Assets (USD mn) 1,552.07 Jun 2018 monthly Apr 2000 - Jun 2018
Reserve Requirement Ratio: Commercial Banks: Local Currency Deposits (%) 12.000 Dec 2021 monthly May 1986 - Dec 2021
Consumer Loans (CL): Philippine Banking System (PBS) (PHP bn) 1,923.540 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2021
CL: PBS: Real Estate: Residential (PHP bn) 853.730 Sep 2021 quarterly Mar 2009 - Sep 2021
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Global Competitiveness Index (Score) 61.869 2019 yearly 2017 - 2019
Business Confidence Growth (% Point) 4.9 Mar 2021 quarterly Jun 2002 - Mar 2021
Business Outlook: Index: Services: Current Quarter (Point) 47.402 Dec 2021 quarterly Jun 2001 - Dec 2021
Business Outlook: Index: Industry: Current Quarter (Point) 35.418 Dec 2021 quarterly Jun 2001 - Dec 2021
PH: Ease of Doing Business Rank: 1=Most Business-friendly Regulations (NA) 95.000 2019 yearly 2019 - 2019

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