Explore our Data

Submit

Philippines Foreign Exchange Reserves

1960 - 2017 | Monthly | USD mn | CEIC Generated

Philippines's Foreign Exchange Reserves was measured at 72.0 USD bn in Jun 2017, compared with 72.5 USD bn in the previous month. Philippines's Foreign Exchange Reserves: USD mn data is updated monthly, available from Jan 1960 to Jun 2017. The data reached an all-time high of 76.2 USD bn in Sep 2016 and a record low of 16.7 USD mn in Dec 1961. CEIC calculates monthly Foreign Exchange Reserves as the sum of Foreign Investments and Foreign Exchange. Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas provides Foreign Exchange Reserves in USD.

In the latest reports, Philippines's Foreign Exchange Reserves equaled 8.8 Months of Import in May 2017. Its Money Supply M2 increased 11.4 % YoY in May 2017. Philippines's Domestic Credit reached 189.2 USD bn in May 2017, representing an increased of 14.3 % YoY. The country's Non Performing Loans Ratio stood at 2.0 % in Mar 2017, compared with the ratio of 1.9 % in the previous quarter.

CEIC only displays a select group of indicators on our website.
Explore the complete set of 4 million+ time series by registering for a free trial.

What was Philippines’s Foreign Exchange Reserves in Jun 2017?

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

71,952.3

Jun 2017

72,549.5

May 2017

16.7

Dec 1961

76,192.1

Sep 2016

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1960 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017

View Philippines's Foreign Exchange Reserves from Jan 1960 to Jun 2017 in the chart:

Feed & API Explore More

More Countries for Foreign Exchange Reserves

Country Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Canada

74,634.0

Jun 2017

75,576.0

May 2017

21,573.0

Jul 1999

75,576.0

May 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jun 1999 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
France

41,150.4

Jun 2017

39,280.2

May 2017

21,319.8

Mar 2009

49,307.9

Jan 2008

USD mn

monthly

Feb 2004 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Germany

37,085.7

Jun 2017

36,583.2

May 2017

1,277.0

Apr 1959

114,644.0

Sep 1992

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1957 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Italy

37,875.7

Jun 2017

37,908.0

May 2017

18,826.8

Dec 1999

37,908.0

May 2017

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1999 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Japan

1,188,656.0

Jun 2017

1,189,876.0

May 2017

324,109.0

Apr 2000

1,226,454.0

Jan 2012

USD mn

monthly

Apr 2000 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
United Kingdom

119,684.7

Jun 2017

122,840.6

May 2017

22,963.3

Sep 1999

122,840.6

May 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jul 1999 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Austria

7,595.8

Jun 2017

8,181.4

May 2017

325.0

Mar 1957

22,071.0

Jul 1995

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1957 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Belgium

9,000.0

May 2017

8,600.0

Apr 2017

6,800.0

May 2005

9,600.0

Feb 1999

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - May 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Bulgaria

24,362.5

Jun 2017

23,562.8

May 2017

5,184.2

Sep 2003

24,362.5

Jun 2017

USD mn

monthly

Sep 2003 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Cyprus

74.7

Jun 2017

74.6

May 2017

8.3

Apr 2013

6,034.1

Dec 2007

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2002 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Czech Republic

141,041.1

Jun 2017

137,664.3

May 2017

11,922.0

Oct 2000

141,041.1

Jun 2017

USD mn

monthly

Mar 2000 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Denmark

63,604.5

May 2017

61,896.8

Apr 2017

18,495.4

Jan 2002

109,101.7

Feb 2015

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2002 - May 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Estonia

225.4

Jun 2017

222.9

May 2017

98.6

Feb 2011

4,361.6

Oct 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2001 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Finland

6,239.9

Jun 2017

6,336.1

May 2017

4,868.0

Dec 2010

11,340.1

Dec 2004

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2000 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Greece

1,814.1

Jun 2017

1,603.4

May 2017

25.8

Aug 2011

3,139.3

Jan 2004

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2004 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Hungary

26,198.5

Jun 2017

25,964.3

May 2017

8,169.5

Oct 1998

52,980.8

Aug 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1998 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Iceland

6,214.8

Jun 2017

5,860.5

May 2017

296.0

Jul 2001

8,591.3

Nov 2011

USD mn

monthly

Oct 2000 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Ireland

1,531.0

Jun 2017

1,488.6

May 2017

1.3

Nov 2012

5,780.4

Jan 1999

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Latvia

3,332.1

Jun 2017

3,238.9

May 2017

621.1

Apr 1997

7,898.6

Oct 2010

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1997 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Lithuania

1,040.0

Jun 2017

1,177.0

May 2017

51.8

Dec 1992

8,639.4

Feb 2013

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1992 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Argentina

40,941.8

May 2017

42,781.9

Apr 2017

13.0

Feb 1972

48,290.0

Mar 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1957 - May 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Luxembourg

170.2

Jun 2017

180.3

May 2017

0.0

May 1999

739.2

May 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Malta

616.6

Jun 2017

558.0

May 2017

56.8

Feb 1961

3,722.7

Nov 2007

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1960 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Bolivia

8,325.5

Jun 2017

8,252.1

May 2017

390.7

Feb 2003

13,585.7

Nov 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Netherlands

4,961.6

Jun 2017

4,717.2

May 2017

4,717.2

May 2017

11,617.5

Dec 2013

USD mn

monthly

Sep 1999 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Norway

61,496.6

Jun 2017

62,024.1

May 2017

18,530.3

Jan 1999

65,949.7

May 2015

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Brazil

368,620.8

Jun 2017

367,890.7

May 2017

31,748.0

Nov 2000

369,452.4

Aug 2014

USD mn

monthly

Nov 2000 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Poland

106,570.3

Jun 2017

104,502.9

May 2017

21,704.8

Jan 1998

109,513.0

Dec 2016

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1998 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Chile

37,938.3

Jun 2017

37,874.6

May 2017

29.8

May 1984

40,514.3

Sep 2013

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1982 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Portugal

10,737.5

May 2017

10,474.0

Apr 2017

333.1

Jan 2012

11,270.3

Mar 2017

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1999 - May 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Colombia

45,206.7

Apr 2017

45,217.4

Mar 2017

20.0

Sep 1963

45,850.2

May 2016

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1957 - Apr 2017

Updated on May 2017
Romania

38,195.2

Jun 2017

37,860.3

May 2017

16,689.6

Apr 2005

48,689.9

Jun 2011

USD mn

monthly

Apr 2005 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Slovakia

1,347.8

Jun 2017

1,246.3

May 2017

17.1

Dec 2012

18,977.1

Mar 2008

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1999 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Slovenia

353.3

Jun 2017

315.8

May 2017

150.6

May 2013

8,678.5

Feb 2004

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Ecuador

3,310.2

Jun 2017

1,619.0

May 2017

9.3

May 1958

6,063.3

Sep 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1957 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Mexico

166,560.6

May 2017

166,958.4

Apr 2017

31,969.2

Jun 2000

188,679.2

Jan 2015

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2000 - May 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Spain

47,285.7

Jun 2017

47,160.6

May 2017

8,220.2

Jul 2005

70,301.0

Oct 1998

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1987 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Panama

2,749.4

Jan 2017

3,601.2

Dec 2016

7.5

Jul 1970

4,514.6

Mar 2015

USD mn

monthly

Oct 1969 - Jan 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Sweden

51,731.0

May 2017

51,188.0

Apr 2017

11,802.0

Aug 2001

57,111.0

May 2014

USD mn

monthly

Mar 2000 - May 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Paraguay

7,481.1

Jun 2017

7,377.8

May 2017

0.1

Jul 1960

7,481.1

Jun 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1957 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Switzerland

716,459.9

Jun 2017

716,202.8

May 2017

28,066.3

Jul 2001

716,459.9

Jun 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jun 1999 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Peru

59,882.0

Jun 2017

60,681.0

May 2017

3.3

Nov 1957

64,986.0

Apr 2013

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1957 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Uruguay

12,599.1

May 2017

12,354.9

Apr 2017

1,673.9

Aug 2003

18,320.0

Apr 2015

USD mn

monthly

Aug 2003 - May 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Venezuela

2,743.0

Nov 2016

1,884.0

Oct 2016

76.0

Sep 1962

32,581.0

Dec 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1962 - Nov 2016

Updated on Jan 2017
Algeria

105,873.0

May 2017

106,757.0

Apr 2017

69.2

Jan 1971

193,619.0

Apr 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1968 - May 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Australia

55,758.4

Jun 2017

57,948.4

May 2017

738.1

Dec 1969

67,566.4

May 2007

USD mn

monthly

Jul 1969 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Bangladesh

30,340.9

May 2017

30,622.2

Apr 2017

42.5

Aug 1974

30,682.0

Feb 2017

USD mn

monthly

Mar 1973 - May 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Brunei

2,731.0

Apr 2017

2,933.3

Mar 2017

329.6

Dec 2001

3,420.1

Jun 2016

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1999 - Apr 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Cambodia

8,632.4

Feb 2017

8,416.2

Jan 2017

8.5

Dec 1993

8,632.4

Feb 2017

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1993 - Feb 2017

Updated on Apr 2017
Bahrain

2,650.5

Oct 2016

1,467.3

Sep 2016

12.4

Sep 1966

5,961.7

Nov 2014

USD mn

monthly

Oct 1965 - Oct 2016

Updated on Jan 2017
China

3,056,789.0

Jun 2017

3,053,567.0

May 2017

3,728.0

Jan 1989

3,993,212.7

Jun 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1989 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Botswana

7,630.0

May 2017

7,481.0

Apr 2017

3,628.0

Mar 1992

10,345.9

Apr 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1992 - May 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Hong Kong

402,498.0

May 2017

399,908.0

Apr 2017

93,921.0

Apr 2000

402,498.0

May 2017

USD mn

monthly

Apr 2000 - May 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
India

356,220.2

May 2017

349,055.8

Apr 2017

1,124.0

Jun 1991

356,220.2

May 2017

USD mn

monthly

Apr 1989 - May 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Israel

107,478.1

Jun 2017

106,140.9

May 2017

22,920.3

Apr 2003

107,478.1

Jun 2017

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2001 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Indonesia

117,296.9

Jun 2017

119,101.3

May 2017

25,813.5

May 2000

119,101.3

May 2017

USD mn

monthly

Apr 2000 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Jordan

12,557.1

May 2017

12,365.9

Apr 2017

18.7

Jun 1988

16,258.1

Aug 2015

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1958 - May 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
South Korea

371,026.3

Jun 2017

368,925.9

May 2017

522.3

Apr 1972

371,026.3

Jun 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1971 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Malawi

643.9

Jun 2016

598.7

May 2016

10.4

Jan 1984

739.8

Jul 2015

USD mn

monthly

Jun 1965 - Jun 2016

Updated on May 2017
Malaysia

95,500.0

Jun 2017

94,568.0

May 2017

23,635.1

May 2001

136,760.5

May 2013

USD mn

monthly

Apr 2000 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Laos

914.6

Mar 2017

799.9

Feb 2017

0.4

Mar 1989

1,165.2

Jun 2015

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1988 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Macau

19,796.4

Jun 2017

19,022.6

May 2017

55.1

Jul 1984

35,458.6

Jan 2012

USD mn

monthly

Jun 1984 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Nepal

8,749.0

May 2017

8,672.7

Apr 2017

983.5

Nov 2002

8,749.0

May 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2002 - May 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
New Zealand

17,246.1

May 2017

17,339.0

Apr 2017

7,108.3

Sep 2005

20,103.2

May 2008

USD mn

monthly

Sep 2005 - May 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Pakistan

17,713.2

May 2017

16,829.9

Apr 2017

96.0

Jan 1972

19,874.0

Oct 2016

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1959 - May 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Philippines

71,952.3

Jun 2017

72,549.5

May 2017

16.7

Dec 1961

76,192.1

Sep 2016

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1960 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Singapore

264,099.9

Jun 2017

262,359.1

May 2017

73,149.8

Jul 2001

275,389.2

Jun 2014

USD mn

monthly

Apr 2000 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Sri Lanka

5,995.8

Jun 2017

5,787.2

May 2017

38.0

Apr 1970

8,501.4

Aug 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1957 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Taiwan

441,943.0

Jun 2017

440,253.0

May 2017

312.0

Mar 1969

441,943.0

Jun 2017

USD mn

monthly

Mar 1969 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Thailand

177,336.9

Jun 2017

175,806.2

May 2017

20,471.0

Feb 1993

182,191.0

Apr 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Vietnam

36,167.1

Dec 2016

37,235.9

Nov 2016

878.3

Jan 1995

37,249.9

Sep 2016

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1995 - Dec 2016

Updated on May 2017
Albania

2,816.5

May 2017

2,744.5

Apr 2017

146.1

Mar 1994

2,927.1

Mar 2016

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1993 - May 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Armenia

2,009.2

Jun 2017

1,974.5

May 2017

0.1

Mar 1994

2,424.1

Sep 2013

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1993 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Azerbaijan

6,864.9

Mar 2017

5,974.0

Feb 2017

0.0

Dec 1992

16,503.3

May 2014

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1992 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Belarus

4,318.1

Jun 2017

2,840.2

May 2017

338.9

Feb 2003

5,797.7

Jun 2013

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2002 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Bosnia and Herzegovina

5,198.0

May 2017

5,041.3

Apr 2017

69.2

Aug 1997

5,400.6

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Aug 1997 - May 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Croatia

15,344.3

May 2017

15,337.7

Apr 2017

166.8

Dec 1992

17,296.8

Dec 2013

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1992 - May 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Georgia

2,753.3

Jun 2017

2,624.0

May 2017

92.4

Jun 1999

2,887.3

Oct 2013

USD mn

monthly

Oct 1995 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Kazakhstan

18,240.9

May 2017

18,025.4

Apr 2017

2,554.3

Dec 2002

33,113.1

Apr 2011

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2002 - May 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Kyrgyzstan

1,565.2

Jun 2017

1,589.1

May 2017

38.0

Nov 1995

1,896.7

Dec 2013

USD mn

monthly

Jul 1995 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Macedonia

2,420.1

Jun 2017

2,424.0

May 2017

88.7

Mar 1994

2,972.3

Aug 2014

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1993 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Moldova

2,377.6

Jun 2017

2,324.5

May 2017

177.7

Jan 2000

2,811.3

Dec 2013

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2000 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Mongolia

1,120.2

May 2017

1,085.4

Apr 2017

14.6

Feb 1993

3,862.3

Dec 2012

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1992 - May 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Mauritius

4,494.0

May 2017

4,481.4

Apr 2017

6.2

Aug 1974

4,494.0

May 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1969 - May 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Montenegro

758.7

May 2017

774.5

Apr 2017

58.2

Dec 2002

965.2

Mar 2015

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2002 - May 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Russia

333,673.0

Jun 2017

326,658.0

May 2017

6,632.0

Sep 1999

582,294.0

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1996 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Serbia

9,712.6

May 2017

9,310.6

Apr 2017

3,087.2

May 2004

15,121.4

Dec 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2004 - May 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Tajikistan

100.7

Mar 2017

103.7

Feb 2017

13.1

Nov 2015

353.3

Dec 2013

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1997 - Mar 2017

Updated on May 2017
Turkey

85,953.0

May 2017

83,486.0

Apr 2017

16,484.0

Jun 2001

112,569.0

Nov 2013

USD mn

monthly

Apr 2000 - May 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Ukraine

13,796.6

Jun 2017

13,445.1

May 2017

383.9

Feb 1999

37,339.7

Aug 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1995 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Morocco

22,187.9

May 2017

23,251.0

Apr 2017

7,977.9

Feb 2002

26,086.0

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2001 - May 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Nigeria

30,288.4

Jun 2017

30,329.6

May 2017

63.2

Jun 1968

62,081.9

Sep 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1960 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Oman

18,805.5

Apr 2017

19,958.4

Mar 2017

5.9

Apr 1970

22,336.0

Jul 2016

USD mn

monthly

Apr 1970 - Apr 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Qatar

33,718.0

May 2017

33,339.5

Apr 2017

5.8

Jun 1967

45,456.4

Nov 2014

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1966 - May 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Saudi Arabia

489,158.9

May 2017

490,381.8

Apr 2017

37,424.5

Sep 2002

731,217.5

Aug 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2001 - May 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
South Africa

39,604.0

Jun 2017

39,414.0

May 2017

5,584.0

Jan 2003

41,971.0

Feb 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2001 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Sudan

0.0

May 2016

0.0

Apr 2016

0.0

May 2016

3,338.9

Apr 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jul 1960 - May 2016

Updated on Jun 2016
Tunisia

5,222.6

Jun 2017

5,106.8

May 2017

15.9

Nov 1965

10,394.3

Oct 2009

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1964 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Yemen

4,975.2

Jul 2014

4,537.9

Jun 2014

138.9

Nov 1993

8,769.6

Oct 2008

USD mn

monthly

May 1990 - Jul 2014

Updated on Sep 2014
United Arab Emirates

87,485.8

May 2017

86,130.8

Apr 2017

54.2

Jun 1973

92,571.8

Dec 2015

USD mn

monthly

Jun 1973 - May 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Egypt

26,442.0

Jun 2017

26,239.4

May 2017

8,020.1

Mar 2013

34,303.3

Jun 2008

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2004 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Kuwait

31,217.4

Apr 2017

31,053.7

Mar 2017

23.2

Jan 1968

32,975.9

May 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1964 - Apr 2017

Updated on May 2017
Ivory Coast

3.9

Apr 2017

3.7

Mar 2017

0.0

Feb 2015

956.6

Mar 1999

USD mn

monthly

Jul 1962 - Apr 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
European Union

257,069.5

Jun 2017

257,078.2

May 2017

163,897.1

Mar 2006

264,254.6

Sep 2016

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1999 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Kenya

8,379.0

Mar 2017

7,475.0

Feb 2017

897.0

Dec 2000

8,554.5

Jun 2014

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2000 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Lebanon

41,562.5

Mar 2017

43,166.7

Feb 2017

513.6

Feb 1991

43,166.7

Feb 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jun 1990 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Kosovo

817.8

Apr 2017

803.5

Mar 2017

618.0

May 2012

1,184.3

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Sep 2007 - Apr 2017

Updated on May 2017

More Indicators for Philippines

Indicator Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Real GDP Growth

6.4

Mar 2017

6.7

Dec 2016

0.5

Mar 1999

8.5

Jun 2010

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Mar 2017

Updated on May 2017
GDP Deflator Growth

2.7

Mar 2017

2.0

Dec 2016

-1.5

Sep 2015

63.8

Sep 1984

%

quarterly

Mar 1982 - Mar 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
GDP per Capita

2,953.29

2016

2,882.70

2015

176.00

1948

2,953.29

2016

USD

yearly

1948 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Investment: % of GDP

26.0

Mar 2017

24.5

Dec 2016

14.6

Dec 1985

35.3

Mar 1983

%

quarterly

Jun 1972 - Mar 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Gross Savings Rate

14.9

Mar 2017

16.8

Dec 2016

11.1

Jun 1998

36.5

Mar 1981

%

quarterly

Mar 1981 - Mar 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Public Consumption: % of GDP

10.1

Mar 2017

10.0

Dec 2016

6.7

Jun 1984

14.4

Jun 1998

%

quarterly

Mar 1981 - Mar 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Private Consumption: % of GDP

75.0

Mar 2017

73.1

Dec 2016

55.2

Mar 1981

77.0

Sep 1985

%

quarterly

Mar 1981 - Mar 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Industrial Production Index Growth

5.8

May 2017

4.3

Apr 2017

-28.7

Jan 2009

36.2

Jan 2010

%

monthly

Jan 2002 - May 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
House Prices Growth

1.1

Mar 2017

0.3

Dec 2016

0.3

Dec 2016

13.5

Jun 2015

%

quarterly

Jun 2015 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

-2.4

2016

-0.9

2015

-5.0

2002

0.9

1994

%

yearly

1985 - 2016

Updated on 2017
National Government Debt

128,727.2

Jun 2017

127,257.4

May 2017

32,269.0

Nov 1993

132,590.6

Dec 2012

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Government Debt: % of GDP

42.1

2016

44.7

2015

42.1

2016

74.4

2004

%

yearly

1993 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Population

103.3

2016

101.7

2015

18.6

1950

103.3

2016

Person mn

yearly

1948 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Unemployment Rate

5.70

Apr 2017

6.60

Jan 2017

4.70

Oct 2016

14.40

Apr 1991

%

quarterly

Jul 1982 - Apr 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Labour Force Participation Rate

61.4

Apr 2017

60.7

Jan 2017

60.7

Jan 2017

69.0

Apr 2004

%

quarterly

Jul 2003 - Apr 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Labour Productivity Growth

2.48

2016

4.73

2015

-11.68

1985

5.61

2013

%

yearly

1985 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Nominal GDP

71,563.9

Mar 2017

83,565.9

Dec 2016

7,689.7

Sep 1984

83,565.9

Dec 2016

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1981 - Mar 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Consumer Confidence: Net Balance

13.6

Jun 2017

16.5

Mar 2017

-27.0

Sep 2005

27.3

Sep 2016

% Point

quarterly

Sep 2004 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Consumer Confidence Growth

8.0

Jun 2017

7.4

Mar 2017

-29.2

Sep 2008

22.4

Dec 2010

% Point

quarterly

Sep 2005 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Business Confidence: Net Balance

39.6

Jun 2017

47.8

Mar 2017

-10.4

Mar 2009

57.9

Mar 2011

% Point

quarterly

Jun 2001 - Jun 2017

Updated on May 2017
Business Confidence Growth

-3.9

Jun 2017

-0.9

Mar 2017

-42.9

Mar 2009

60.9

Mar 2010

% Point

quarterly

Jun 2002 - Jun 2017

Updated on May 2017
Consumer Price Index CPI Growth

2.8

Jul 2017

2.7

Jun 2017

-2.9

May 1959

63.8

Oct 1984

%

monthly

Jan 1958 - Jul 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Capital Adequacy Ratio

15.1

Dec 2016

16.1

Sep 2016

15.1

Dec 2016

19.2

Jun 2013

%

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Dec 2016

Updated on Jul 2017
Current Account Balance: % of GDP

-0.4

Mar 2017

-1.2

Dec 2016

-10.1

Dec 1983

8.7

Dec 2006

%

quarterly

Mar 1981 - Mar 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Current Account Balance

-490.6

Mar 2017

971.7

Feb 2017

-1,179.4

Jul 2008

1,811.0

Jun 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Direct Investment Abroad

218.1

Mar 2017

30.5

Feb 2017

-115.6

Nov 2005

3,284.1

Jun 2007

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2005 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Domestic Credit Growth

14.3

May 2017

13.8

Apr 2017

-7.9

Jan 2006

18.8

May 2016

%

monthly

Dec 2002 - May 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Domestic Credit

189,202.6

May 2017

186,418.9

Apr 2017

45,323.8

Aug 2002

189,202.6

May 2017

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2001 - May 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Electricity Production

90,798

2016

82,413

2015

25,649

1991

90,798

2016

GWh

yearly

1990 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Equity Market Index

8,018.1

Jul 2017

7,843.2

Jun 2017

511.2

Mar 1987

8,018.1

Jul 2017

28Feb1990=1022

monthly

Jan 1987 - Jul 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Exchange Rate against USD

50.638

Jul 2017

49.850

Jun 2017

2.000

Jan 1962

56.341

Oct 2004

PHP/USD

monthly

Jan 1945 - Jul 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
External Debt: % of GDP

24.5

2016

26.5

2015

24.5

2016

76.4

2001

%

yearly

1990 - 2016

Updated on 2017
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

4.8

2016

5.2

2015

3.9

2009

9.0

2005

%

yearly

2005 - 2016

Updated on 2017
External Debt: Short Term

15,060.8

Mar 2017

14,526.2

Dec 2016

13,096.6

Mar 2015

16,908.7

Dec 2013

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2012 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

2.2

Mar 2017

2.5

Dec 2016

-0.3

Sep 2010

5.4

Mar 2007

%

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Mar 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Foreign Direct Investment

572.3

May 2017

874.0

Apr 2017

-396.2

Jun 2007

2,244.1

Apr 2016

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2005 - May 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
External Debt

73,804.8

Mar 2017

74,762.9

Dec 2016

73,804.8

Mar 2017

79,949.4

Dec 2012

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2012 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Household Debt: % of GDP

8.8

2016

8.0

2015

5.1

2009

8.8

2016

%

yearly

2009 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Household Debt

26,144.6

Mar 2017

25,895.2

Dec 2016

8,079.6

Mar 2009

26,144.6

Mar 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2009 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Long Term Interest Rate

4.67

Jul 2017

4.67

Jun 2017

2.83

Apr 2013

9.40

Jul 2008

% pa

monthly

Mar 2007 - Jul 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
M2 Growth

11.3

Apr/2017

11.8

Mar/2017

-0.2

Apr/2008

39.7

Jan/2014

%

monthly

Dec/2002 - Apr/2017

Updated on May/2017
Market Capitalization: % of GDP

99.7

2016

101.1

2015

2.0

1985

115.7

2007

%

yearly

1970 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Motor Vehicles Sales

37,631

Jun 2017

35,469

May 2017

4,891

Sep 1998

37,631

Jun 2017

Unit

monthly

Jan 1996 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Motor Vehicles Sales Growth

23.3

Jul 2017

14.1

Jun 2017

-54.8

Aug 1998

48.3

Jan 2013

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Jul 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Non Performing Loans Ratio

2.0

Mar 2017

1.9

Dec 2016

1.9

Dec 2016

3.4

Mar 2013

%

quarterly

Mar 2013 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

8.8

May 2017

10.6

Apr 2017

0.3

Oct 1983

15.3

Jan 2013

NA

monthly

Jan 1979 - May 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
P/E ratio

20.33

Jul 2017

19.83

Jun 2017

8.81

Nov 1997

28.21

Jan 1997

NA

monthly

Oct 1994 - Jul 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Producer Price Index Growth

-2.8

Jun 2017

-2.3

May 2017

-10.0

Mar 2013

18.5

Jan 2001

%

monthly

Jan 1994 - Jun 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Policy Rate

3.50

Jul 2017

3.50

Jun 2017

3.50

Jul 2017

3.50

Jul 2017

% pa

monthly

Jun 2016 - Jul 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Foreign Portfolio Investment

-2,641.07

Mar 2017

-109.22

Dec 2016

-2,641.07

Mar 2017

3,229.89

Dec 2010

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Real Effective Exchange Rate

131.1

Jul 2017

134.8

Jun 2017

92.5

Dec 2003

156.1

Jan 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jul 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Reserve Requirement Ratio

20.0

Jul 2017

20.0

Jun 2017

12.0

Sep 2000

25.0

Dec 1992

%

monthly

May 1986 - Jul 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Short Term Interest Rate

2.15

Jul 2017

2.09

Jun 2017

0.00

Oct 2013

28.57

Jan 1991

% pa

monthly

Jan 1975 - Jul 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Total Exports Growth

0.8

Jun 2017

14.0

May 2017

-40.6

Jan 2009

46.8

Sep 2010

%

monthly

Jan 1980 - Jun 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Total Exports

4,913.0

Jun 2017

5,506.7

May 2017

273.5

Jan 1979

5,931.6

May 2014

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1979 - Jun 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Total Imports Growth

-2.5

Jun 2017

16.6

May 2017

-37.1

Apr 2009

56.5

Jul 1987

%

monthly

Jan 1980 - Jun 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Total Imports

7,060.3

Jun 2017

8,243.5

May 2017

342.8

Feb 1985

8,243.5

May 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1979 - Jun 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Tourism Revenue Growth

3.4

2015

10.0

2014

-37.0

1973

88.4

1975

%

yearly

1971 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Tourism Revenue

5,002

2015

4,838

2014

58

1974

5,002

2015

USD mn

yearly

1970 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Visitor Arrivals

520,780

May 2017

551,497

Apr 2017

57,786

Jan 1988

620,121

Jan 2017

Person

monthly

Jan 1988 - May 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Visitor Arrivals Growth

4.2

Jun 2017

21.7

May 2017

-34.2

May 2003

69.7

May 2004

%

monthly

Jan 1989 - Jun 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Trade Balance

-2,147.2

Jun 2017

-2,736.8

May 2017

-2,736.8

May 2017

1,145.0

Sep 1999

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1957 - Jun 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Nominal GDP Growth

9.23

Mar 2017

8.66

Dec 2016

1.44

Sep 2009

45.87

Sep 1984

%

quarterly

Mar 1982 - Mar 2017

Updated on May 2017
Gross National Product

87,263.73

Mar 2017

99,390.04

Dec 2016

6,715.25

Sep 1985

99,390.04

Dec 2016

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1981 - Mar 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Gross Fixed Capital Formation

18,256.48

Mar 2017

20,011.05

Dec 2016

1,058.11

Mar 1986

20,011.05

Dec 2016

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1981 - Mar 2017

Updated on May 2017
Private Consumption Expenditure

53,639.59

Mar 2017

61,107.84

Dec 2016

5,349.79

Mar 1981

61,107.84

Dec 2016

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1981 - Mar 2017

Updated on May 2017
Public Consumption Expenditure

7,226.70

Mar 2017

8,379.70

Dec 2016

536.15

Sep 1984

9,946.47

Jun 2016

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1981 - Mar 2017

Updated on May 2017
Bank Lending Rate

5.61

Jun 2017

5.78

May 2017

5.10

Feb 2015

39.73

Dec 1984

% pa

monthly

Jan 1976 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Gold Reserves

7,835.26

Jun 2017

8,001.29

May 2017

6.00

Aug 1959

11,043.33

Sep 2012

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1957 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Money Supply M2

186,132.45

May 2017

183,926.07

Apr 2017

9,123.42

Jan 1989

186,132.45

May 2017

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1988 - May 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Money Supply M1

63,681.23

May 2017

63,641.27

Apr 2017

2,554.48

Jan 1989

63,681.23

May 2017

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1988 - May 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Employed Persons

40,271,000.00

Mar 2017

39,347,000.00

Dec 2016

16,734,000.00

Sep 1982

41,685,000.00

Sep 2016

Person

quarterly

Jun 1982 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

3.48

Jun 2017

3.69

May 2017

-0.78

Nov 1999

17.29

Jul 2008

%

monthly

Jan 1995 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Core CPI Change

2.60

Jun 2017

2.90

May 2017

1.40

Sep 2015

7.30

Oct 2008

%

monthly

Jan 2001 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

23.27

Mar 2017

23.59

Dec 2016

14.18

Sep 2004

30.11

Sep 2011

%

quarterly

Jun 2000 - Mar 2017

Updated on May 2017
Total Deposits

212,753.57

Mar 2017

213,955.62

Dec 2016

86,611.93

Dec 2008

213,955.62

Dec 2016

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Non-Performing Loans

3,084.16

Mar 2017

2,935.63

Dec 2016

2,912.64

Dec 2015

3,526.19

Mar 2013

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2013 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Tax Revenue

3,372.79

Jun 2017

4,030.48

May 2017

151.87

Mar 1986

4,575.29

Apr 2016

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1985 - Jun 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Building Permits

13,063.00

Mar 2017

10,921.00

Feb 2017

5,896.00

Sep 2006

14,371.00

Jun 2016

Unit

monthly

Jan 2002 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jun 2017
Global Competitiveness Index

4.36

2016

4.39

2015

3.90

2009

4.40

2014

Score

yearly

2006 - 2016

Updated on 2016
Forecast: Current Account Balance

-5.64

2022

-4.42

2021

-5.64

2022

11.38

2013

USD bn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Consumer Price Index Growth

3.00

2022

3.00

2021

-0.33

1986

46.67

1984

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Government Net Debt

7,649.98

2022

7,040.40

2021

1,229.22

1994

7,649.98

2022

PHP bn

yearly

1993 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Government Revenue

5,194.01

2022

4,700.09

2021

148.95

1989

5,194.01

2022

PHP bn

yearly

1989 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Government Expenditure

5,627.93

2022

5,074.27

2021

166.28

1989

5,627.93

2022

PHP bn

yearly

1989 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Real GDP Growth

7.02

2022

7.01

2021

-7.32

1984

7.63

2010

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Nominal GDP Per Capita

4,936.89

2022

4,568.42

2021

597.84

1986

4,936.89

2022

USD

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: GDP PPP Per Capita

11,658.85

2022

10,885.86

2021

1,885.64

1980

11,658.85

2022

Intl $

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Population

117.34

2022

115.04

2021

47.88

1980

117.34

2022

Person mn

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Unemployment Rate

5.50

2022

5.50

2021

5.47

2016

11.82

2004

%

yearly

1985 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth

6.04

2022

5.71

2021

-36.16

1999

27.34

1997

%

yearly

1980 - 2022

Updated on 2017
Information Technology Networked Readiness

3.97

2016

3.98

2015

3.64

2012

3.98

2015

Score

yearly

2012 - 2016

Updated on 2016
Motor Vehicle Production

135,840.00

Dec 2016

0.00

Jun 2016

0.00

Jun 2016

135,840.00

Dec 2016

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2001 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
Motor Vehicle Sales: Commercial Cars

226,384.00

Dec 2016

104,926.00

Jun 2016

51,011.00

Jun 2012

226,384.00

Dec 2016

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
Motor Vehicle Sales: Passenger Cars

133,188.00

Dec 2016

62,560.00

Jun 2016

21,860.00

Jun 2012

133,188.00

Dec 2016

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2016

Updated on Mar 2017
Motor Vehicle Registered

3,822.54

2015

3,592.48

2014

2,590.00

2013

5,639.83

2007

Unit th

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Exports: ICT Goods

25,164,734.87

2015

21,395,808.20

2014

10,924,984.77

2011

25,164,734.87

2015

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Imports: ICT Goods

19,274,457.09

2015

14,145,779.33

2014

8,382,243.06

2011

24,751,028.57

2007

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Exports: Telecommunication Equipment

1,441,395.14

2016

1,217,265.29

2015

528,754.41

2011

1,441,395.14

2016

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Telecommunication Equipment

2,847,730.52

2016

1,963,197.84

2015

1,004,045.24

2010

2,847,730.52

2016

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Exports: Television

87,053.36

2016

111,257.65

2015

610.42

2011

122,744.02

1997

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Imports: Television

338,451.44

2016

175,871.21

2015

17,313.07

2001

338,451.44

2016

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Nominal Residential Property Price Index

190.26

Dec 2016

174.74

Sep 2016

95.80

Mar 2008

190.26

Dec 2016

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Dec 2016

Updated on May 2017
Nominal Residential Property Price Index Growth

17.02

Dec 2016

9.99

Sep 2016

-2.50

Dec 2009

17.02

Dec 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2009 - Dec 2016

Updated on May 2017
Real Residential Property Price Index

157.33

Dec 2016

145.79

Sep 2016

99.22

Mar 2011

157.33

Dec 2016

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Dec 2016

Updated on May 2017
Real Residential Property Price Index Growth

14.21

Dec 2016

7.83

Sep 2016

-5.90

Dec 2009

14.21

Dec 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2009 - Dec 2016

Updated on May 2017
Number of Subscriber Fixed Line

3,223,787.00

2015

3,093,236.00

2014

83,000.00

1965

4,100,000.00

2009

Unit

yearly

1965 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Number of Subscriber Mobile

117,838,074.00

2015

111,326,045.00

2014

0.00

1990

117,838,074.00

2015

Person

yearly

1960 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Teledensity: Fixed Line

3.17

2015

3.09

2014

0.27

1965

4.51

2008

Number

yearly

1965 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Teledensity: Mobile

115.75

2015

111.22

2014

0.00

1990

115.75

2015

Number

yearly

1960 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Natural Gas: Consumption

0.37

2016

0.32

2015

0.00

1995

0.38

2011

Cub ft/Day bn

yearly

1994 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Oil Consumption

433.69

2016

397.91

2015

84.59

1965

433.69

2016

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Crude Oil: Imports

212.00

2016

188.80

2015

91.00

2009

353.30

1997

Barrel/Day th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Natural Gas Production: OPEC: Marketed Production

3,951.00

2016

3,482.00

2015

2,100.00

2005

3,951.00

2016

Cub m mn

yearly

2005 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Container Port Throughput

5,869,427.10

2014

5,860,225.59

2013

4,306,964.65

2009

5,869,427.10

2014

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2014

Updated on 2015
Liner Shipping Connectivity Index

17.81

2016

18.27

2015

15.19

2010

30.26

2008

2004=100

yearly

2004 - 2016

Updated on 2016
Imports: Medicament

199,898.48

2016

175,591.38

2015

1,820.16

1996

199,898.48

2016

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

8,512.69

2015

8,874.35

2014

1,087.29

2009

15,732.10

1996

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2015

Updated on 2016
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

112,770.67

2016

83,004.60

2015

5,270.03

1997

112,770.67

2016

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Crude Steel Production

968.00

2015

1,196.00

2014

85.00

1967

1,308.00

2013

Tonne th

yearly

1967 - 2015

Updated on 2016
Hot Rolled Products Production

4,013.00

2015

3,273.00

2014

1,051.00

1992

4,013.00

2015

Tonne th

yearly

1991 - 2015

Updated on 2016
Minerals Production

13,735,163.00

2015

14,245,062.00

2014

7,385,992.00

2009

14,803,544.00

2011

Metric Ton

yearly

2009 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Coal Consumption

13.50

2016

11.61

2015

0.01

1968

13.50

2016

TOE mn

yearly

1965 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Aluminum: Exports

16,631.44

2016

20,375.27

2015

2,324.76

2002

84,979.16

2012

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Gold Production

18,423.00

2014

17,248.00

2013

14,596.00

2012

40,847.00

2010

kg

yearly

1990 - 2014

Updated on 2016
Silver Production

23.00

2014

40.04

2013

9.00

2002

54.00

1986

Metric Ton

yearly

1986 - 2014

Updated on 2016