Greece External Debt: % of GDP

2003 - 2020 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Greece External Debt accounted for 299.2 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2020, compared with the ratio of 244.5 % in the previous year. Greece External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated yearly, available from Dec 2003 to Dec 2020. The data reached an all-time high of 299.2 % in Dec 2020 and a record low of 91.1 % in Dec 2003. CEIC calculates External Debt as % of Nominal GDP from quarterly External Debt and annual Nominal GDP. The Bank of Greece provides External Debt in EUR. Hellenic Statistical Authority provides Nominal GDP in EUR.

In the latest reports of Greece, Current Account recorded a deficit of 2.5 USD bn in Apr 2021. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 216.4 USD mn in Apr 2021. Greece Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 29.2 USD mn in Apr 2021. Its Foreign Portfolio Investment increased by 1.8 USD bn in Mar 2021. The country's External Debt reached 591,346.7 in Mar 2021. The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 49.1 USD bn in Dec 2020.

View Greece's External Debt: % of GDP from 2003 to 2020 in the chart:

Greece External Debt: % of GDP

What was Greece's External Debt: % of GDP in 2020?

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
299.2 2020 244.5 2019 91.1 2003 299.2 2020 % yearly 2003 - 2020

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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Includes External Debt: % of GDP on 108 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 65.5 2020 yearly 1991 - 2020
Algeria (%) 2.2 2019 yearly 1970 - 2019
Argentina (%) 70.7 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Armenia (%) 102.3 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Australia (%) 129.1 2020 yearly 1988 - 2020
Austria (%) 163.3 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Azerbaijan (%) 20.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2020
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 70.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2020
Belgium (%) 268.6 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Bolivia (%) 33.0 2019 yearly 2006 - 2019
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 23.1 2019 yearly 1999 - 2019
Botswana (%) 8.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Brazil (%) 38.4 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
Bulgaria (%) 66.1 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Cambodia (%) 69.9 2020 yearly 2010 - 2020
Canada (%) 142.8 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Chile (%) 82.4 2020 yearly 1971 - 2020
China (%) 16.3 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Colombia (%) 56.7 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Croatia (%) 87.9 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Cyprus (%) 908.4 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Czech Republic (%) 75.5 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Denmark (%) 157.0 2020 yearly 2005 - 2020
Ecuador (%) 57.4 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Egypt (%) 33.9 Sep 2020 quarterly Jun 1999 - Sep 2020
Estonia (%) 90.9 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
European Union (%) 130.0 2020 yearly 2008 - 2020
Finland (%) 225.2 2020 yearly 1991 - 2020
France (%) 261.7 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Georgia (%) 129.6 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Germany (%) 163.7 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Ghana (%) 34.2 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Greece (%) 299.2 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 514.2 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Hungary (%) 160.2 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Iceland (%) 83.5 2020 yearly 1989 - 2020
India (%) 21.1 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Indonesia (%) 39.3 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Iran (%) 1.1 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (%) 701.2 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Israel (%) 32.9 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Italy (%) 140.7 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Ivory Coast (%) 24.0 2018 yearly 1994 - 2018
Japan (%) 92.8 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Jordan (%) 82.1 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Kazakhstan (%) 96.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2020
Kenya (%) 33.1 2019 yearly 2015 - 2019
South Korea (%) 33.3 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Kosovo (%) 37.0 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Kuwait (%) 50.2 2019 yearly 2014 - 2019
Kyrgyzstan (%) 112.9 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Laos (%) 52.6 2019 yearly 1996 - 2019
Latvia (%) 124.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
Lebanon (%) 62.8 2019 yearly 2007 - 2019
Lithuania (%) 74.2 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Luxembourg (%) 5,104.4 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
North Macedonia (%) 80.2 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Malawi (%) 39.4 2014 yearly 2006 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 67.6 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Malta (%) 678.4 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Mauritius (%) 2,062.5 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Mexico (%) 42.8 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Moldova (%) 70.1 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Mongolia (%) 243.1 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
Montenegro (%) 150.5 2019 yearly 2006 - 2019
Morocco (%) 53.6 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Mozambique (%) 71.8 2017 yearly 1985 - 2017
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 443.8 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
New Zealand (%) 90.6 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020
Nigeria (%) 7.8 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Norway (%) 180.1 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Pakistan (%) 41.0 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Palestinian Territory (%) 35.4 2018 yearly 2012 - 2018
Panama (%) 201.9 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Paraguay (%) 53.7 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Peru (%) 43.3 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Philippines (%) 27.2 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Poland (%) 60.3 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Portugal (%) 202.8 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 57.8 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Russia (%) 31.5 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020
Serbia (%) 61.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Singapore (%) 471.3 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Slovakia (%) 121.2 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Slovenia (%) 101.9 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
South Africa (%) 50.8 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Spain (%) 199.4 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Sri Lanka (%) 61.1 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Sudan (%) 120.5 2019 yearly 2001 - 2019
Sweden (%) 164.2 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Switzerland (%) 283.3 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Taiwan (%) 28.4 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Tajikistan (%) 37.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Thailand (%) 36.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2020
Tunisia (%) 100.9 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Turkey (%) 62.8 2020 yearly 1989 - 2020
Ukraine (%) 80.8 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020

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Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -1.3 Dec 2018 monthly Apr 1999 - Dec 2018
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -5,670.622 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 10,221.830 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 32.3 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
National Government Debt (USD mn) 404,142.4 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2021
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 205.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1999 - Dec 2020
Forecast: Government Expenditure (EUR bn) 100.633 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Forecast: Government Net Debt (EUR bn) 370.913 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Forecast: Government Revenue (EUR bn) 97.471 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
General Government Debt: Consolidated: % of GDP (%) 205.600 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 2.702 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Trade Balance (USD mn) -2,507.3 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jul 2021
Total Exports (USD mn) 4,173.0 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jul 2021
Total Exports Growth (%) 20.7 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Jul 2021
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 1,685,926.622 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 3,221,327.647 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 65,561.281 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Imports (USD mn) 6,680.3 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jul 2021
Total Imports Growth (%) 23.6 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Jul 2021
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 2,503,363.295 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 1,174,515.549 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 105.255 Oct 2020 monthly Apr 1964 - Oct 2020
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 1,113.954 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 42.132 Feb 2021 monthly Dec 1990 - Feb 2021
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 370.558 Feb 2021 monthly Mar 1974 - Feb 2021
Exports (EUR mn) 3,530.170 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jul 2021
Imports (EUR mn) 5,651.190 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jul 2021
Exports: Machinery and Transport Equipment (EUR mn) 347.900 Jul 2021 monthly Mar 2005 - Jul 2021
Exports: Chemicals (EUR mn) 596.000 Jul 2021 monthly Mar 2005 - Jul 2021
Exports: Food, Beverages and Tobacco (EUR mn) 600.900 Jul 2021 monthly Mar 2005 - Jul 2021
Exports: Manufactured Goods and Articles (EUR mn) 872.200 Jul 2021 monthly Mar 2005 - Jul 2021
Exports: Mineral Fuels and Lubricants (EUR mn) 932.600 Jul 2021 monthly Mar 2005 - Jul 2021
Exports: Non European Union: United States (EUR) 1,137,052,711.000 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: European Union: Italy (EUR) 3,260,489,697.000 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: European Union: Cyprus (EUR) 1,979,808,366.000 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Exports: European Union: Germany (EUR) 2,399,027,821.000 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Imports: Chemicals (EUR mn) 907.400 Jul 2021 monthly Mar 2005 - Jul 2021
Imports: Machinery and Transport Equipment (EUR mn) 1,054.300 Jul 2021 monthly Mar 2005 - Jul 2021
Imports: Mineral Fuels and Lubricants (EUR mn) 1,553.900 Jul 2021 monthly Mar 2005 - Jul 2021
Imports: Manufactured Goods and Articles (EUR mn) 1,322.000 Jul 2021 monthly Mar 2005 - Jul 2021
Imports: Food, Beverages and Tobacco (EUR mn) 613.000 Jul 2021 monthly Mar 2005 - Jul 2021
Imports: European Union: Germany (EUR) 6,036,940,455.000 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Imports: Non European Union: United States (EUR) 977,420,926.000 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Imports: European Union: Italy (EUR) 4,407,408,053.000 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Imports: Non European Union: Russia (EUR) 2,928,416,472.000 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 164.3 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2000 - Jun 2021
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -1,611.9 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2000 - Jun 2021
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -10.9 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2021
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 697.3 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2000 - Jun 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 3.2 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 1,753.646 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) -9.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) -96.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) -4,930.249 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1976 - Dec 2020
External Debt (USD mn) 591,346.7 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2003 - Mar 2021
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 299.2 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 181,163.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2003 - Mar 2021
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 89.8 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Total Debt: % of GDP (%) 697.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1997 - Dec 2020
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -9.037 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) -357,654.880 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2003 - Dec 2020
BoP: CA: GS: Goods: Imports (EUR mn) 5,410.740 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: CA: PI: Receipts (EUR mn) 616.009 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: Capital Account (CP) (EUR mn) 291.033 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: FA: DI: Assets (EUR mn) 136.367 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: FA: Other Investment (OI) (EUR mn) -9,434.635 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jun 2021
Balance of Payments (BoP): Current Account (CA) (EUR mn) -1,337.898 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: CA: GS: Services: Receipts (EUR mn) 2,771.734 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: CA: Secondary Income (SI) (EUR mn) 29.587 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: CP: Payments (EUR mn) 47.263 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment (PI) (EUR mn) 9,033.024 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: FA: OI: Liabilities (EUR mn) 9,827.184 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: CA: GS: Goods (EUR mn) -2,084.904 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: CA: GS: Services: Payments (EUR mn) 1,937.429 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: CA: SI: Receipts (EUR mn) 205.908 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: Financial Account (FA) (EUR mn) -693.816 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: FA: PI: Assets (EUR mn) 9,959.024 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: FA: Reserve Assets: Stock (EUR mn) 9,129.000 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: CA: GS: Services (EUR mn) 834.305 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: CA: PI: Payments (EUR mn) 732.895 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: CP: Receipts (EUR mn) 338.296 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: FA: DI: Liabilities (EUR mn) 578.773 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: FA: OI: Assets (EUR mn) 392.550 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: CA: GS: Goods: Exports (EUR mn) 3,325.836 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: CA: Primary Income (PI) (EUR mn) -116.886 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: CA: SI: Payments (EUR mn) 176.321 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: FA: Direct Investment (DI) (EUR mn) -442.406 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: FA: PI: Liabilities (EUR mn) 926.000 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jun 2021
BoP: Net Errors and Omissions (EUR mn) 353.049 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jun 2021
IIP: Net (EUR mn) -300,444.966 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2003 - Mar 2021
IIP: Liabilities (EUR mn) 567,399.401 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2003 - Mar 2021
IIP: Assets (EUR mn) 266,954.435 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2003 - Mar 2021
Gross External Debt: CB: LT (EUR mn) 0.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2003 - Mar 2021
Gross External Debt: GG: Short Term (ST) (EUR mn) 5,614.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2003 - Mar 2021
Gross External Debt: OD: LT (EUR mn) 10,133.912 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2003 - Mar 2021
Gross External Debt: GG: Long Term (LT) (EUR mn) 278,223.940 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2003 - Mar 2021
Gross External Debt: OS: ST (EUR mn) 10,914.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2003 - Mar 2021
Gross External Debt (EUR mn) 503,573.831 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2003 - Mar 2021
Gross External Debt: OD: ST (EUR mn) 39,680.209 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2003 - Mar 2021
Gross External Debt: CB: ST (EUR mn) 98,065.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2003 - Mar 2021
Gross External Debt: OS: LT (EUR mn) 50,520.000 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2003 - Mar 2021
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 31.9 Dec 2013 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2013
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 64.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1997 - Dec 2020
Non-Performing Loans (USD mn) 71,184.630 Dec 2020 quarterly Sep 2008 - Dec 2020
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 207,737.454 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Jul 2021
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 258,403.853 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Jul 2021
M2 Growth (%) 11.7 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jul 2021
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 1.0 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Aug 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 3,537.6 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 2004 - Aug 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 1.754 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2004 - Jun 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 0.5 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2004 - Jul 2021
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 6,626.880 Aug 2021 monthly Dec 1956 - Aug 2021
Total Deposits (USD mn) 255,279.128 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Jul 2021
Total Deposits Growth (%) 6.3 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Mar 2021
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 206,754.7 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Jun 2021
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 3.9 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jun 2021
Credit to Households (USD bn) 120.062 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1994 - Dec 2020
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector (USD bn) 254.607 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1960 - Dec 2020
Household Debt (USD mn) 123,883.7 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1997 - Mar 2021
Total Loans (USD mn) 197,750.132 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Mar 2021
Total Loans Growth (%) -3.92 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Apr 2021
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 85.27 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2001 - Dec 2020
Monetary Aggregates: Euro Area: GC: M3 (EUR mn) 218,795.000 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Jul 2021
Monetary Aggregates: Euro Area: Greek Contribution: GC): M1 (EUR mn) 175,099.000 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Jul 2021
Monetary Aggregates: Euro Area: GC: M2 (EUR mn) 217,805.000 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2001 - Jul 2021
Official Reserve Assets: Foreign Exchange (EUR mn) 2,998.000 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 2004 - Aug 2021
Official Reserve Assets (EUR mn) 12,122.000 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 2004 - Aug 2021
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Business Confidence Growth (% Point) 26.0 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1986 - Aug 2021
Purchasing Manager Indicator: Manufacturing (Mfg): Seasonally Adjusted (sa) (NA) 58.600 Jun 2021 monthly Mar 2004 - Jun 2021
Economic Sentiment Indicator (NA) 111.200 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2000 - Jul 2021

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