Italy External Debt: % of GDP

2002 - 2021 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about Italy External Debt: % of GDP

  • Italy External Debt accounted for 137.6 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2021, compared with the ratio of 140.2 % in the previous year.
  • Italy External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated yearly, available from Dec 2002 to Dec 2021.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 140.2 % in Dec 2020 and a record low of 78.9 % in Dec 2002.

CEIC calculates External Debt as % of Nominal GDP from quarterly External Debt and quarterly Nominal GDP. The Bank of Italy provides External Debt in EUR based on BPM6. Italian National Institute of Statistics provides Nominal GDP in EUR. External Debt prior to 2008 is based on BPM5.


Related information about Italy External Debt: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports of Italy, Current Account recorded a deficit of 1.2 USD bn in Jun 2022.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) fell by 2.0 USD bn in Jun 2022.
  • Italy Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 874.3 USD mn in Jun 2022.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment fell by 40.2 USD bn in Jun 2022.
  • The country's External Debt reached 2,748,428.3 in Mar 2022.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 516.5 USD bn in Mar 2022.

View Italy's External Debt: % of GDP from 2002 to 2021 in the chart:

Italy External Debt: % of GDP

What was Italy's External Debt: % of GDP in 2021?

Italy External Debt accounted for 137.6 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2021, compared with the ratio of 140.2 % in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
137.6 2021 140.2 2020 78.9 2002 140.2 2020 % yearly 2002 - 2021

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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Includes External Debt: % of GDP on 108 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 63.2 2021 yearly 1991 - 2021
Algeria (%) 2.4 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Argentina (%) 56.6 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Armenia (%) 99.9 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Australia (%) 116.1 2021 yearly 1988 - 2021
Austria (%) 161.7 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Azerbaijan (%) 14.9 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2021
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 58.5 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2022
Belgium (%) 258.0 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
Bolivia (%) 38.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 25.5 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Botswana (%) 8.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Brazil (%) 35.3 2021 yearly 1992 - 2021
Bulgaria (%) 61.8 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Cambodia (%) 75.1 2021 yearly 2010 - 2021
Canada (%) 135.9 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Chile (%) 75.4 2021 yearly 1971 - 2021
China (%) 15.5 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Colombia (%) 54.6 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Croatia (%) 74.6 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Cyprus (%) 822.3 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Czech Republic (%) 73.2 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Denmark (%) 149.9 2021 yearly 2005 - 2021
Ecuador (%) 54.1 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Egypt (%) 34.6 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 1999 - Mar 2022
Estonia (%) 84.7 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
European Union (%) 130.0 2021 yearly 2008 - 2021
Finland (%) 205.9 2021 yearly 1991 - 2021
France (%) 256.2 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Georgia (%) 117.5 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Germany (%) 170.3 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Ghana (%) 35.6 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Greece (%) 304.3 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 510.6 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
Hungary (%) 155.5 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Iceland (%) 84.8 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021
India (%) 19.9 2022 yearly 1970 - 2022
Indonesia (%) 35.1 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Iran (%) 0.9 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (%) 688.8 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Israel (%) 32.8 2021 yearly 1998 - 2021
Italy (%) 137.6 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Ivory Coast (%) 24.0 2018 yearly 1994 - 2018
Japan (%) 97.9 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Jordan (%) 86.6 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Kazakhstan (%) 81.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2002 - Mar 2022
Kenya (%) 35.3 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
South Korea (%) 34.9 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Kosovo (%) 38.1 2021 yearly 2007 - 2021
Kuwait (%) 58.5 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 106.1 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Laos (%) 53.8 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Latvia (%) 107.8 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
Lebanon (%) 53.0 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Lithuania (%) 76.6 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Luxembourg (%) 4,791.4 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
North Macedonia (%) 81.4 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Malawi (%) 39.4 2014 yearly 2006 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 70.0 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Malta (%) 633.5 2021 yearly 2004 - 2021
Mauritius (%) 2,062.5 2021 yearly 2009 - 2021
Mexico (%) 47.0 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Moldova (%) 65.9 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Mongolia (%) 221.1 2021 yearly 1992 - 2021
Montenegro (%) 203.8 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Morocco (%) 46.9 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Mozambique (%) 71.7 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 412.2 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
New Zealand (%) 87.9 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
Nigeria (%) 8.8 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Norway (%) 154.4 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Pakistan (%) 34.5 2022 yearly 2000 - 2022
Palestinian Territory (%) 12.0 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
Panama (%) 177.4 2021 yearly 2014 - 2021
Paraguay (%) 50.4 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Peru (%) 45.2 2021 yearly 1980 - 2021
Philippines (%) 27.0 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Poland (%) 56.5 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Portugal (%) 193.3 2021 yearly 1996 - 2021
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 56.0 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Russia (%) 27.1 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
Serbia (%) 68.5 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Singapore (%) 448.3 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Slovakia (%) 137.0 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Slovenia (%) 97.7 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
South Africa (%) 38.3 2021 yearly 1985 - 2021
Spain (%) 193.3 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Sri Lanka (%) 57.7 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Sudan (%) 105.1 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Sweden (%) 169.6 2021 yearly 1997 - 2021
Switzerland (%) 287.3 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Taiwan (%) 27.6 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Tajikistan (%) 40.6 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Thailand (%) 38.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2005 - Mar 2022
Tunisia (%) 100.9 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Turkey (%) 54.2 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021
Ukraine (%) 64.8 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021

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Italy Key Series

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Includes 284 key indicators for Italy, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -6.4 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2022
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -44,386.738 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 122,860.039 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 24.9 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
National Government Debt (USD mn) 2,826,426.7 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1957 - Jul 2022
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 152.6 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1995 - Mar 2022
Forecast: Government Expenditure (EUR bn) 1,074.503 2027 yearly 1988 - 2027
Forecast: Government Net Debt (EUR bn) 3,089.965 2027 yearly 1988 - 2027
Forecast: Government Revenue (EUR bn) 1,019.825 2027 yearly 1988 - 2027
General Govt Debt (EUR mn) 2,766,375.700 Jun 2022 monthly Dec 1861 - Jun 2022
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 2.342 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Trade Balance (USD mn) -3,857.0 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1993 - Jun 2022
Total Exports (USD mn) 58,780.2 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2022
Total Exports Growth (%) 29.5 May 2022 monthly Jan 1992 - May 2022
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 4,698,178.816 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 26,242,662.952 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 12,070,932.174 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Imports (USD mn) 59,664.5 May 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - May 2022
Total Imports Growth (%) 48.8 May 2022 monthly Jan 1992 - May 2022
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 18,001,456.270 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 14,179,470.046 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 5,627.063 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1960 - Jun 2022
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 2,595.125 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1960 - Jun 2022
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 1,632.317 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1960 - Jul 2022
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 5,767.217 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1960 - Jul 2022
IT: Exports: fob: Local Currency (EUR mn) 39,536.000 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1957 - Jan 2021
Exports: fob: sa (EUR mn) 52,042.000 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1993 - Jun 2022
Imports: cif: sa (EUR mn) 55,692.000 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1993 - Jun 2022
Trade Balance: sa (EUR mn) -3,650.000 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1993 - Jun 2022
Exports: fob: Mfg: Electrical (EUR mn) 2,707.615 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2022
Exports: fob: Mfg: Machinery & Equipment n.e.c. (ME) (EUR mn) 8,416.160 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2022
Exports: fob (EUR mn) 54,482.000 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Jun 2022
Exports: fob: Mfg: Transport Equipment (TE) (EUR mn) 5,989.808 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2022
Exports: fob: Mfg: Basic Metals & Fabricated Metal (MF) (EUR mn) 6,519.384 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2022
Imports: cif (EUR mn) 56,648.000 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Jun 2022
Imports: cif: Mfg: TE: MS: Motor Vehicles (EUR mn) 2,332.131 May 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - May 2022
Imports: cif: MQ: Crude Petroleum & Natural Gas: Crude Petroleum (EUR mn) 4,384.316 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2022
Imports: cif: Mfg: ME: Machinery & Equipment n.e.c. (MN) (EUR mn) 3,786.582 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Jun 2022
Imports: cif: Mfg: CC: Chemicals & Chemical Products (CP) (EUR mn) 5,738.504 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Jun 2022
Imports: cif: Mfg: CO: Computer, Electronic & Optical (CE) (EUR mn) 3,129.987 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Jun 2022
Exports: fob: Europe: France (EUR mn) 5,480.443 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2022
Exports: fob: America: United States (EUR mn) 5,325.128 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Jun 2022
Exports: fob: Europe: Germany (EUR mn) 6,834.119 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2022
Exports: fob: Europe: United Kingdom (EUR mn) 2,478.081 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2022
Imports: cif: Europe: France (EUR mn) 4,232.148 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2022
Imports: cif: Europe: Netherlands (EUR mn) 3,127.063 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2022
Imports: cif: Europe: Germany (EUR mn) 7,016.105 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2022
Imports: cif: America: United States (EUR mn) 2,455.876 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1991 - Jun 2022
Crude Oil Imports: Former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics(FUSSR) (Ton th) 20,080.000 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
Crude Oil Imports: OPEC (Ton th) 29,395.000 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
Crude Oil Imports: Africa: Nigeria (Ton th) 3,122.000 2021 yearly 2001 - 2021
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 874.3 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1988 - Jun 2022
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -1,175.5 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1970 - Jun 2022
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -1.5 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1980 - Mar 2022
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) -2,009.4 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1988 - Jun 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 2.0 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1988 - Mar 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) -40,209.214 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1997 - Jun 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) -1.5 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1990 - Mar 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) -5,158.9 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1997 - Jun 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) -6,971.108 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1997 - Mar 2022
External Debt (USD mn) 2,748,428.3 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2002 - Mar 2022
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 137.6 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 1,176,971.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2002 - Mar 2022
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 55.8 2021 yearly 2002 - 2021
Total Debt: % of GDP (%) 703.9 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1995 - Dec 2021
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) 75.711 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) 130,842.829 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1998 - Mar 2022
BoP: Capital Account: Debits (EUR mn) 495.942 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1995 - Jun 2022
BoP: FA: Direct Investment: Assets (EUR mn) 827.348 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1995 - Jun 2022
BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment: Assets (EUR mn) 4,307.125 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1997 - Jun 2022
BoP: Current Account: Secondary Income: Debits (EUR mn) 3,547.041 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1995 - Jun 2022
BoP: Current Account: Secondary Income: Credits (EUR mn) 1,744.291 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1995 - Jun 2022
BoP: Financial Account: Assets (EUR mn) 20,631.512 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1997 - Feb 2019
BoP: Current Account: Services: Debits (EUR mn) 7,794.724 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1995 - Feb 2019
BoP: FA: Direct Investment (EUR mn) -216.498 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1995 - Feb 2019
BoP: Financial Account: Liabilities (EUR mn) 22,075.088 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1997 - Feb 2019
BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment (PI) (EUR mn) 12,742.080 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1997 - Feb 2019
BoP: Current Account: Primary Income: Debits (EUR mn) 4,270.010 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1995 - Jun 2022
BoP: FA: Other Investment: Liabilities (EUR mn) 11,217.302 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1997 - Jun 2022
BoP: Errors & Omissions (EUR mn) 8,289.576 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1997 - Jun 2022
BoP: FA: Financial Derivatives (EUR mn) 831.337 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1997 - Jun 2022
BoP: Current Account: Goods: Debits (EUR mn) 52,922.586 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1995 - Jun 2022
BoP: Financial Account (FA) (EUR mn) 7,310.017 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1997 - Jun 2022
BoP: FA: Other Investment (OI) (EUR mn) -14,035.313 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1997 - Feb 2019
BoP: Current Account: Secondary Income (EUR mn) -1,802.750 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1995 - Jun 2022
BoP: Current Account: Debits (EUR mn) 71,133.748 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1995 - Jun 2022
BoP: FA: Reserve Assets (EUR mn) -168.768 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1988 - Jun 2022
BoP: FA: Direct Investment: Liabilities (EUR mn) -1,901.627 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1995 - Jun 2022
BoP: Current Account: Primary Income (EUR mn) 1,201.178 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1995 - Jun 2022
BoP: Current Account: Primary Income: Credits (EUR mn) 5,471.188 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1995 - Jun 2022
BoP: Capital Account (EUR mn) 132.875 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1995 - Jun 2022
Balance of Payments (BoP): Current Account (EUR mn) -1,112.434 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1995 - Jun 2022
BoP: Current Account: Goods (EUR mn) -415.126 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1995 - Jun 2022
BoP: Capital Account: Credits (EUR mn) 628.817 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1995 - Jun 2022
BoP: Current Account: Services (EUR mn) -95.735 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1995 - Jun 2022
BoP: Current Account: Credits (EUR mn) 70,021.314 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1995 - Jun 2022
BoP: Current Account: Goods: Credits (EUR mn) 52,507.459 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1995 - Jun 2022
BoP: FA: Other Investment: Assets (EUR mn) 7,290.282 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1997 - Jun 2022
BoP: Current Account: Services: Credits (EUR mn) 10,298.376 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 1995 - Jun 2022
IIP: Net Position (EUR mn) 117,950.807 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1998 - Mar 2022
IIP: Assets (EUR mn) 3,337,233.648 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1998 - Mar 2022
IIP: Liabilities (EUR mn) 3,219,282.841 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1998 - Mar 2022
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 4.0 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 2008 - Mar 2022
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 56.4 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1995 - Dec 2021
Non-Performing Loans (USD mn) 86,042.122 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 2008 - Mar 2022
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 1,890,619.165 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1974 - Jul 2022
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 2,293,838.029 Jun 2022 monthly Dec 1974 - Jun 2022
M2 Growth (%) 4.4 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1975 - Jul 2022
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 1.0 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 1999 - Aug 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 47,408.6 Aug 2022 monthly Dec 1999 - Aug 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 2.433 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 0.8 May 2022 monthly Dec 1999 - May 2022
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 135,919.380 Aug 2022 monthly Dec 1956 - Aug 2022
Total Deposits (USD mn) 2,072,262.889 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Mar 2022
Total Deposits Growth (%) 4.9 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 3,609,705.2 Dec 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Dec 2021
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 2.4 Dec 2021 monthly Jan 2000 - Dec 2021
Debt Service Ratio: Households (%) 4.300 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2021
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector (%) 10.100 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2021
Credit to Households (USD bn) 873.546 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1960 - Dec 2021
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector (USD bn) 2,333.419 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1960 - Dec 2021
Household Debt (USD mn) 1,101,451.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2022
Total Loans (USD mn) 2,734,594.398 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1995 - Jul 2022
Total Loans Growth (%) -1.07 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1996 - Jul 2022
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 73.97 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 1998 - Mar 2022
Money Supply M3 (EUR mn) 2,226,107.930 Jul 2022 monthly Sep 1997 - Jul 2022
Deposits (EUR mn) 1,868,081.583 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Mar 2022
MFIs Loans: Residents of Italy (RI): MFIs (EUR mn) 621,380.340 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 1995 - Jul 2022
Consumer Credit (EUR mn) 145,075.351 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2002 - Mar 2022
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Business Confidence Growth (% Point) -8.8 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 1986 - Aug 2022
Business Confidence Survey (BCS): Manufacturing: sa: Index (2010=100) 110.000 Jun 2022 monthly Jan 2000 - Jun 2022
Business Confidence Survey (BCS): Construction: sa: Index (2010=100) 155.800 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 2000 - Aug 2022
Business Confidence Survey (BCS): Services: sa: Index (2010=100) 103.300 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 2003 - Aug 2022
Business Confidence Survey (BCS): Retail Trade: sa: Index (2010=100) 113.500 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 2003 - Aug 2022
Cyclical Coincident Indicator: Ita-Coin (%) -0.570 Aug 2022 monthly Jan 2003 - Aug 2022

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