Italy External Debt: % of GDP

2002 - 2020 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about Italy`s External Debt: % of GDP

  • Italy External Debt accounted for 140.7 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2020, compared with the ratio of 124.8 % in the previous year.
  • Italy External Debt: % of Nominal GDP data is updated yearly, available from Dec 2002 to Dec 2020.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 140.7 % in Dec 2020 and a record low of 78.9 % in Dec 2002.

CEIC calculates External Debt as % of Nominal GDP from quarterly External Debt and quarterly Nominal GDP. The Bank of Italy provides External Debt in EUR based on BPM6. The National Institute of Statistics provides Nominal GDP in EUR. External Debt prior to 2008 is based on BPM5.


Related information about Italy`s External Debt: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports of Italy, Current Account recorded a surplus of 9.4 USD bn in Jul 2021.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 9.1 USD bn in Jul 2021.
  • Italy Direct Investment Abroad expanded by 6.0 USD bn in Jul 2021.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment increased by 9.1 USD bn in Jun 2021.
  • The country's External Debt reached 2,753,981.3 in Mar 2021.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 506.1 USD bn in Dec 2020.

View Italy's External Debt: % of GDP from 2002 to 2020 in the chart:

Italy External Debt: % of GDP

What was Italy's External Debt: % of GDP in 2020?

Italy External Debt accounted for 140.7 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2020, compared with the ratio of 124.8 % in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
140.7 2020 124.8 2019 78.9 2002 140.7 2020 % yearly 2002 - 2020

External Debt: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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Includes External Debt: % of GDP on 108 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 65.6 2020 yearly 1991 - 2020
Algeria (%) 2.2 2019 yearly 1970 - 2019
Argentina (%) 70.7 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Armenia (%) 102.3 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Australia (%) 129.1 2020 yearly 1988 - 2020
Austria (%) 164.9 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Azerbaijan (%) 20.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2020
Bangladesh (%) 11.4 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Belarus (%) 70.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2020
Belgium (%) 264.3 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Bolivia (%) 33.0 2019 yearly 2006 - 2019
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 23.1 2019 yearly 1999 - 2019
Botswana (%) 8.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Brazil (%) 38.4 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
Bulgaria (%) 65.3 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Cambodia (%) 69.9 2020 yearly 2010 - 2020
Canada (%) 142.8 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Chile (%) 82.4 2020 yearly 1971 - 2020
China (%) 16.3 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Colombia (%) 56.7 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Croatia (%) 87.9 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Cyprus (%) 908.4 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Czech Republic (%) 75.5 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Denmark (%) 157.0 2020 yearly 2005 - 2020
Ecuador (%) 57.4 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Egypt (%) 33.9 Sep 2020 quarterly Jun 1999 - Sep 2020
Estonia (%) 91.1 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
European Union (%) 130.3 2020 yearly 2008 - 2020
Finland (%) 225.1 2020 yearly 1991 - 2020
France (%) 261.7 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Georgia (%) 129.8 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Germany (%) 163.7 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Ghana (%) 34.2 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Greece (%) 298.2 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 514.2 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Hungary (%) 155.9 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Iceland (%) 83.5 2020 yearly 1989 - 2020
India (%) 21.1 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Indonesia (%) 39.3 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Iran (%) 1.1 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (%) 701.2 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Israel (%) 32.9 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Italy (%) 140.7 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Ivory Coast (%) 24.0 2018 yearly 1994 - 2018
Japan (%) 92.8 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Jordan (%) 82.1 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Kazakhstan (%) 96.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2020
Kenya (%) 33.1 2019 yearly 2015 - 2019
South Korea (%) 33.3 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Kosovo (%) 37.2 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Kuwait (%) 50.5 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 112.9 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Laos (%) 52.6 2019 yearly 1996 - 2019
Latvia (%) 124.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
Lebanon (%) 62.8 2019 yearly 2007 - 2019
Lithuania (%) 75.7 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Luxembourg (%) 5,173.1 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
North Macedonia (%) 80.2 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Malawi (%) 39.4 2014 yearly 2006 - 2014
Malaysia (%) 67.6 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Malta (%) 678.6 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Mauritius (%) 2,062.5 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Mexico (%) 42.8 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Moldova (%) 70.1 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Mongolia (%) 243.1 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
Montenegro (%) 150.5 2019 yearly 2006 - 2019
Morocco (%) 53.6 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Mozambique (%) 71.8 2017 yearly 1985 - 2017
Nepal (%) 17.3 2016 yearly 2001 - 2016
Netherlands (%) 443.8 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
New Zealand (%) 90.3 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020
Nigeria (%) 7.8 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Norway (%) 180.1 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Pakistan (%) 41.0 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Palestinian Territory (%) 35.4 2018 yearly 2012 - 2018
Panama (%) 201.9 2020 yearly 2014 - 2020
Paraguay (%) 53.8 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Peru (%) 43.3 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Philippines (%) 27.2 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Poland (%) 60.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Portugal (%) 205.2 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Qatar (%) 106.1 2018 yearly 2000 - 2018
Romania (%) 58.2 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Russia (%) 31.5 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020
Serbia (%) 61.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Singapore (%) 471.3 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Slovakia (%) 121.2 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Slovenia (%) 101.9 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
South Africa (%) 50.8 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Spain (%) 198.8 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Sri Lanka (%) 61.1 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Sudan (%) 120.5 2019 yearly 2001 - 2019
Sweden (%) 164.2 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Switzerland (%) 283.3 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Taiwan (%) 28.4 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Tajikistan (%) 37.5 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Thailand (%) 36.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2020
Tunisia (%) 100.9 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Turkey (%) 60.4 2020 yearly 1989 - 2020
Ukraine (%) 80.8 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020

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Italy Key Series

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Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -8.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1999 - Dec 2020
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -27,901.295 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 119,252.154 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 37.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
National Government Debt (USD mn) 3,226,622.2 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1957 - Aug 2021
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 155.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1995 - Dec 2020
Forecast: Government Expenditure (EUR bn) 958.816 2026 yearly 1988 - 2026
Forecast: Government Net Debt (EUR bn) 2,988.640 2026 yearly 1988 - 2026
Forecast: Government Revenue (EUR bn) 924.010 2026 yearly 1988 - 2026
General Govt Debt (EUR mn) 2,725,880.600 Jul 2021 monthly Dec 1861 - Jul 2021
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 3.029 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Trade Balance (USD mn) 6,041.7 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jul 2021
Total Exports (USD mn) 57,880.3 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Total Exports Growth (%) 17.8 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1992 - Aug 2021
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 3,345,129.991 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 27,449,444.879 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 10,307,826.420 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Imports (USD mn) 47,522.8 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Total Imports Growth (%) 31.7 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1992 - Aug 2021
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 19,041,045.874 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 11,700,390.846 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 4,665.905 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 1960 - Dec 2020
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 1,467.429 Feb 2021 monthly Jan 1960 - Feb 2021
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 1,679.094 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 1960 - Mar 2021
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 3,814.394 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 1960 - Mar 2021
IT: Exports: fob: Local Currency (EUR mn) 39,536.000 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1957 - Jan 2021
Trade Balance: sa (EUR mn) 5,111.000 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jul 2021
Exports: fob: sa (EUR mn) 43,487.000 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jul 2021
Imports: cif: sa (EUR mn) 38,376.000 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jul 2021
Exports: fob: Mfg: Electrical (EUR mn) 2,328.270 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Exports: fob: Mfg: Basic Metals & Fabricated Metal (MF) (EUR mn) 5,945.411 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Exports: fob (EUR mn) 48,964.000 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Exports: fob: Mfg: Transport Equipment (TE) (EUR mn) 6,843.202 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Exports: fob: Mfg: Machinery & Equipment n.e.c. (ME) (EUR mn) 7,686.260 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Imports: cif: Mfg: CC: Chemicals & Chemical Products (CP) (EUR mn) 4,057.717 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jun 2021
Imports: cif (EUR mn) 40,202.000 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Imports: cif: Mfg: TE: MS: Motor Vehicles (EUR mn) 2,348.375 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jun 2021
Imports: cif: MQ: Crude Petroleum & Natural Gas: Crude Petroleum (EUR mn) 2,408.977 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Imports: cif: Mfg: ME: Machinery & Equipment n.e.c. (MN) (EUR mn) 3,078.069 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jun 2021
Imports: cif: Mfg: CO: Computer, Electronic & Optical (CE) (EUR mn) 2,511.752 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jun 2021
Exports: fob: America: United States (EUR mn) 5,404.470 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Exports: fob: Europe: Germany (EUR mn) 6,113.664 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Exports: fob: Europe: United Kingdom (EUR mn) 2,281.614 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Exports: fob: Europe: France (EUR mn) 4,948.545 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Imports: cif: Europe: Netherlands (EUR mn) 2,361.968 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Imports: cif: Europe: France (EUR mn) 3,390.344 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Imports: cif: Europe: Germany (EUR mn) 6,413.218 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Imports: cif: America: United States (EUR mn) 1,488.458 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Crude Oil Imports: OPEC (Ton th) 23,800.000 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Crude Oil Imports: Africa: Nigeria (Ton th) 2,714.000 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Crude Oil Imports: Former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics(FUSSR) (Ton th) 19,084.000 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 6,000.3 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1988 - Jul 2021
Current Account Balance (USD mn) 9,394.0 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1970 - Jul 2021
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) 3.2 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1980 - Jun 2021
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 9,097.9 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1988 - Jul 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 1.5 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1988 - Jun 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 9,130.426 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1997 - Jun 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 1.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1990 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) 3,227.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1997 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) 5,011.634 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1997 - Dec 2020
External Debt (USD mn) 2,753,981.3 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2002 - Mar 2021
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 140.7 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 1,026,059.9 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2002 - Mar 2021
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 53.9 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Total Debt: % of GDP (%) 701.9 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 1995 - Sep 2020
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) 80.592 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) 37,195.423 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1998 - Dec 2020
BoP: Current Account: Secondary Income (EUR mn) -1,524.056 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Jul 2021
BoP: Capital Account: Debits (EUR mn) 359.522 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Jul 2021
BoP: FA: Direct Investment: Assets (EUR mn) 5,076.006 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Jul 2021
BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment: Assets (EUR mn) 807.082 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Jul 2021
BoP: Current Account: Secondary Income: Debits (EUR mn) 3,046.629 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Jul 2021
BoP: Current Account: Secondary Income: Credits (EUR mn) 1,522.573 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Jul 2021
BoP: Financial Account: Assets (EUR mn) 20,631.512 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1997 - Feb 2019
BoP: Current Account: Services: Debits (EUR mn) 7,794.724 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1995 - Feb 2019
BoP: FA: Direct Investment (EUR mn) -216.498 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1995 - Feb 2019
BoP: Financial Account: Liabilities (EUR mn) 22,075.088 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1997 - Feb 2019
BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment (PI) (EUR mn) 12,742.080 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1997 - Feb 2019
BoP: Current Account: Services (EUR mn) -132.470 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Jul 2021
BoP: Current Account: Credits (EUR mn) 61,630.958 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Jul 2021
BoP: Current Account: Goods: Credits (EUR mn) 46,444.495 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Jul 2021
BoP: FA: Other Investment: Assets (EUR mn) 793.093 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Jul 2021
BoP: Current Account: Services: Credits (EUR mn) 8,452.203 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Jul 2021
BoP: FA: Other Investment (OI) (EUR mn) -14,035.313 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1997 - Feb 2019
BoP: Current Account: Primary Income: Debits (EUR mn) 4,629.411 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Jul 2021
BoP: FA: Other Investment: Liabilities (EUR mn) -14,869.205 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Jul 2021
BoP: Errors & Omissions (EUR mn) -8,706.154 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Jul 2021
BoP: FA: Financial Derivatives (EUR mn) 780.986 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Jul 2021
BoP: Current Account: Goods: Debits (EUR mn) 37,423.339 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Jul 2021
BoP: Financial Account (FA) (EUR mn) -832.060 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Jul 2021
BoP: Current Account: Debits (EUR mn) 53,684.051 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Jul 2021
BoP: FA: Reserve Assets (EUR mn) 291.763 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1988 - Jul 2021
BoP: FA: Direct Investment: Liabilities (EUR mn) 7,696.380 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Jul 2021
BoP: Current Account: Primary Income (EUR mn) 582.278 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Jul 2021
BoP: Current Account: Primary Income: Credits (EUR mn) 5,211.689 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Jul 2021
BoP: Capital Account (EUR mn) -72.813 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Jul 2021
Balance of Payments (BoP): Current Account (EUR mn) 7,946.907 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Jul 2021
BoP: Current Account: Goods (EUR mn) 9,021.156 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Jul 2021
BoP: Capital Account: Credits (EUR mn) 286.709 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Jul 2021
IIP: Liabilities (EUR mn) 3,092,135.182 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1998 - Mar 2021
IIP: Net Position (EUR mn) 34,260.981 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1998 - Mar 2021
IIP: Assets (EUR mn) 3,126,396.163 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1998 - Mar 2021
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 5.0 Jun 2021 quarterly Jun 2008 - Jun 2021
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 58.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1995 - Dec 2020
Non-Performing Loans (USD mn) 113,317.634 Jun 2021 quarterly Jun 2008 - Jun 2021
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 2,083,487.561 Jul 2021 monthly Dec 1974 - Jul 2021
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 2,520,299.838 Jul 2021 monthly Dec 1974 - Jul 2021
M2 Growth (%) 8.6 Aug 2021 monthly Dec 1975 - Aug 2021
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 1.0 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Sep 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 49,568.7 Sep 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Sep 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 2.418 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Jun 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 1.0 Jul 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Jul 2021
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 135,999.537 Sep 2021 monthly Dec 1956 - Sep 2021
Total Deposits (USD mn) 2,151,347.914 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1998 - Jun 2021
Total Deposits Growth (%) 10.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 3,678,814.2 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Jul 2021
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 1.7 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 2000 - Jul 2021
Debt Service Ratio: Households (%) 4.400 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector (%) 10.600 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
Credit to Households (USD bn) 882.934 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2021
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector (USD bn) 2,382.438 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2021
Household Debt (USD mn) 1,123,367.1 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1995 - Mar 2021
Total Loans (USD mn) 3,122,964.272 Feb 2021 monthly Dec 1995 - Feb 2021
Total Loans Growth (%) 4.67 Mar 2021 monthly Dec 1996 - Mar 2021
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 79.23 Dec 2020 quarterly Jun 1998 - Dec 2020
Money Supply M3 (EUR mn) 2,132,208.770 Jul 2021 monthly Sep 1997 - Jul 2021
Deposits (EUR mn) 1,815,789.939 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1998 - Jun 2021
MFIs Loans: Residents of Italy (RI): MFIs (EUR mn) 699,730.570 Jul 2021 monthly Dec 1995 - Jul 2021
Consumer Credit (EUR mn) 142,671.859 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2002 - Jun 2021
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Business Confidence Growth (% Point) 22.4 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1986 - Sep 2021
Business Confidence Survey (BCS): Manufacturing: sa: Index (2010=100) 113.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2000 - Sep 2021
Business Confidence Survey (BCS): Construction: sa: Index (2010=100) 155.500 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2000 - Sep 2021
Business Confidence Survey (BCS): Services: sa: Index (2010=100) 112.300 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Sep 2021
Business Confidence Survey (BCS): Retail Trade: sa: Index (2010=100) 106.800 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Sep 2021
Cyclical Coincident Indicator: Ita-Coin (%) 0.830 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Sep 2021

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