Italy Business Confidence Growth

1986 - 2021 | Monthly | % Point | CEIC Data

Key information about Italy`s Business Confidence Growth

  • Italy Business Confidence grew 20.8 % in Oct 2021, compared with an increase of 22.4 % YoY in the previous month.
  • Italy Business Confidence: YoY Change is updated monthly, available from Jan 1986 to Oct 2021, with an averaged rate of -0.4 %.
  • The data reached an all-high of 36.4 % in May 2021 and a record low of -32.2 % in Mar 2009.

CEIC calculates monthly Business Confidence Change from monthly Industrial Confidence Indicator. The European Commission's Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs provides Industrial Confidence Indicator with range from -100 to 100 with neutral point 0. Business Confidence covers Manufacturing sector only.

View Italy's Business Confidence Growth from Jan 1986 to Oct 2021 in the chart:

Italy Business Confidence Growth

What was Italy's Business Confidence Growth in Oct 2021?

Italy Business Confidence grew 20.8 % in Oct 2021, compared with an increase of 22.4 % YoY in the previous month. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
20.8 Oct 2021 22.4 Sep 2021 -32.2 Mar 2009 36.4 May 2021 % Point monthly Jan 1986 - Oct 2021

Business Confidence Growth by Country Comparison

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country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (% Point) -17.7 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2003 - Mar 2021
Armenia (% Point) -3.7 Jun 2016 quarterly Sep 2006 - Jun 2016
Australia (% Point) -11.8 Oct 2021 monthly Aug 2007 - Oct 2021
Austria (% Point) 31.0 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1986 - Oct 2021
Belarus (% Point) -9.6 Aug 2014 monthly Dec 2006 - Aug 2014
Belgium (% Point) 11.3 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1981 - Oct 2021
Brazil (% Point) -8.4 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2010 - Oct 2021
Bulgaria (% Point) 7.3 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Oct 2021
Canada (% Point) 9.6 Oct 2021 monthly Dec 2001 - Oct 2021
Chile (% Point) 30.2 Mar 2021 monthly Nov 2004 - Mar 2021
China (% Point) -4.4 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2006 - Oct 2021
Colombia (% Point) 41.8 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 1981 - Mar 2021
Croatia (% Point) 19.6 Oct 2021 monthly May 2009 - Oct 2021
Cyprus (% Point) 82.2 Oct 2021 monthly May 2003 - Oct 2021
Czech Republic (% Point) -3.7 Oct 2021 monthly Mar 1994 - Oct 2021
Denmark (% Point) 17.0 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Oct 2021
Ecuador (%) 1.0 Oct 2020 monthly May 2008 - Oct 2020
Estonia (% Point) 24.0 Oct 2021 monthly May 2002 - Oct 2021
European Union (% Point) 21.7 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1986 - Oct 2021
Finland (% Point) 40.7 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Oct 2021
France (% Point) 17.1 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1986 - Oct 2021
Georgia (% Point) -42.5 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2014 - Mar 2021
Germany (% Point) 21.6 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1992 - Sep 2021
Ghana (%) -3.5 Feb 2021 monthly Dec 2013 - Feb 2021
Greece (% Point) 17.6 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1986 - Oct 2021
Hong Kong SAR, China (% Point) 20.0 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2009 - Jun 2021
Hungary (% Point) 22.1 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Oct 2021
Iceland (% Point) 115.6 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2007 - Mar 2021
India (% Point) 10.8 Jun 2021 quarterly Jun 2001 - Jun 2021
Indonesia (% Point) 53.4 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2011 - Jun 2021
Israel (% Point) 17.1 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2016 - Oct 2021
Italy (% Point) 20.8 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1986 - Oct 2021
Japan (% Point) 15.0 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 2001 - Jun 2021
Kazakhstan (% Point) 4.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2009 - Mar 2021
South Korea (% Point) 12.0 Nov 2021 monthly Feb 2004 - Nov 2021
Latvia (% Point) 6.0 Oct 2021 monthly Apr 1994 - Oct 2021
Lithuania (% Point) 8.0 Sep 2021 monthly Apr 2004 - Sep 2021
Luxembourg (% Point) 15.0 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1986 - Oct 2021
North Macedonia (% Point) 2.2 Oct 2021 monthly Apr 2002 - Oct 2021
Malaysia (% Point) 28.8 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2004 - Mar 2021
Malta (% Point) 15.9 Oct 2021 monthly Nov 2003 - Oct 2021
Mauritius (% Point) -9.1 Jun 2019 quarterly Mar 2011 - Jun 2019
Mexico (% Point) 20.9 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Oct 2021
Mozambique (% Point) -1.0 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Jan 2021
Netherlands (% Point) 15.9 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1986 - Sep 2021
New Zealand (% Point) 6.0 Oct 2021 monthly Aug 2003 - Oct 2021
Nigeria (% Point) -22.4 Dec 2020 monthly Jul 2015 - Dec 2020
Norway (% Point) 8.3 Oct 2021 monthly Feb 2005 - Oct 2021
Palestinian Territory (% Point) -7.6 Mar 2021 monthly Apr 2014 - Mar 2021
Peru (% Point) -15.3 Oct 2021 monthly Apr 2003 - Oct 2021
Philippines (% Point) 4.9 Mar 2021 quarterly Jun 2002 - Mar 2021
Poland (% Point) 3.4 Oct 2021 monthly Jul 2006 - Oct 2021
Portugal (% Point) 13.1 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1988 - Oct 2021
Qatar (% Point) -3.6 Mar 2020 quarterly Sep 2015 - Mar 2020
Romania (% Point) 4.3 Oct 2021 monthly Jul 1992 - Oct 2021
Russia (% Point) 4.0 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2006 - Oct 2021
Serbia (% Point) 23.1 Apr 2021 monthly May 2014 - Apr 2021
Singapore (% Point) 0.6 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2000 - Oct 2021
Slovakia (% Point) -8.7 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Oct 2021
Slovenia (% Point) 1.0 Oct 2021 monthly May 1996 - Oct 2021
South Africa (% Point) -14.6 Oct 2021 monthly Sep 2000 - Oct 2021
Spain (% Point) 14.4 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Oct 2021
Sri Lanka (% Point) 40.2 Oct 2021 monthly May 2016 - Oct 2021
Sweden (% Point) 16.4 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2021
Switzerland (% Point) 25.0 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1996 - Oct 2021
Taiwan (% Point) -3.2 Mar 2018 monthly May 2013 - Mar 2018
Thailand (% Point) 15.0 Mar 2021 monthly Feb 2000 - Mar 2021
Turkey (% Point) 1.6 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2008 - Oct 2021
Ukraine (% Point) -9.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Sep 2013 - Dec 2020
United Kingdom (% Point) 5.6 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 1986 - Dec 2020
United States (% Point) 4.0 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1949 - Oct 2021
Uruguay (% Point) -6.6 Feb 2021 monthly Oct 1999 - Feb 2021

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Italy Key Series

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Includes 276 key indicators for Italy, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -8.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1999 - Dec 2020
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -27,901.295 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 151,010.449 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2021
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 37.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
National Government Debt (USD mn) 3,133,238.7 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1957 - Sep 2021
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 155.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1995 - Dec 2020
Forecast: Government Expenditure (EUR bn) 1,024.630 2026 yearly 1988 - 2026
Forecast: Government Net Debt (EUR bn) 3,035.030 2026 yearly 1988 - 2026
Forecast: Government Revenue (EUR bn) 975.381 2026 yearly 1988 - 2026
General Govt Debt (EUR mn) 2,706,434.100 Sep 2021 monthly Dec 1861 - Sep 2021
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 3.321 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Trade Balance (USD mn) 3,636.0 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Aug 2021
Total Exports (USD mn) 38,419.3 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Aug 2021
Total Exports Growth (%) 17.8 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1992 - Aug 2021
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 3,345,129.991 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 27,449,444.878 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 10,307,826.420 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Imports (USD mn) 36,870.7 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Aug 2021
Total Imports Growth (%) 31.7 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1992 - Aug 2021
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 19,041,045.874 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 11,700,390.846 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 4,665.905 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 1960 - Dec 2020
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 1,467.429 Feb 2021 monthly Jan 1960 - Feb 2021
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 1,679.094 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 1960 - Mar 2021
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 3,814.394 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 1960 - Mar 2021
IT: Exports: fob: Local Currency (EUR mn) 39,536.000 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1957 - Jan 2021
Trade Balance: sa (EUR mn) 3,090.000 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Aug 2021
Imports: cif: sa (EUR mn) 40,876.000 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Aug 2021
Exports: fob: sa (EUR mn) 43,966.000 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Aug 2021
Exports: fob: Mfg: Electrical (EUR mn) 1,702.731 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Aug 2021
Exports: fob (EUR mn) 32,650.000 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Aug 2021
Exports: fob: Mfg: Transport Equipment (TE) (EUR mn) 2,839.723 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Aug 2021
Exports: fob: Mfg: Machinery & Equipment n.e.c. (ME) (EUR mn) 5,219.234 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Aug 2021
Exports: fob: Mfg: Basic Metals & Fabricated Metal (MF) (EUR mn) 3,726.532 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Aug 2021
Imports: cif: Mfg: CC: Chemicals & Chemical Products (CP) (EUR mn) 4,105.587 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Imports: cif: Mfg: CO: Computer, Electronic & Optical (CE) (EUR mn) 2,513.288 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Imports: cif: MQ: Crude Petroleum & Natural Gas: Crude Petroleum (EUR mn) 2,005.671 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Aug 2021
Imports: cif: Mfg: ME: Machinery & Equipment n.e.c. (MN) (EUR mn) 3,014.373 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Imports: cif (EUR mn) 31,334.000 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Aug 2021
Imports: cif: Mfg: TE: MS: Motor Vehicles (EUR mn) 1,972.496 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jul 2021
Exports: fob: America: United States (EUR mn) 3,059.107 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Aug 2021
Exports: fob: Europe: France (EUR mn) 2,938.775 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Aug 2021
Exports: fob: Europe: United Kingdom (EUR mn) 1,641.882 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Aug 2021
Exports: fob: Europe: Germany (EUR mn) 4,151.498 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Aug 2021
Imports: cif: Europe: France (EUR mn) 2,287.049 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Aug 2021
Imports: cif: America: United States (EUR mn) 1,068.629 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Aug 2021
Imports: cif: Europe: Germany (EUR mn) 4,666.921 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Aug 2021
Imports: cif: Europe: Netherlands (EUR mn) 1,770.931 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Aug 2021
Crude Oil Imports: OPEC (Ton th) 23,800.000 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Crude Oil Imports: Former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics(FUSSR) (Ton th) 19,084.000 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Crude Oil Imports: Africa: Nigeria (Ton th) 2,714.000 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) -389.7 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1988 - Aug 2021
Current Account Balance (USD mn) 5,919.7 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1970 - Aug 2021
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) 3.7 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1980 - Jun 2021
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 2,561.4 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1988 - Aug 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.7 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1988 - Jun 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 10,749.247 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1997 - Jun 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 1.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1990 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) 3,227.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1997 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) 5,011.634 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1997 - Dec 2020
External Debt (USD mn) 2,799,439.5 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2002 - Jun 2021
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 140.2 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 1,075,377.8 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2002 - Jun 2021
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 54.0 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Total Debt: % of GDP (%) 701.9 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 1995 - Sep 2020
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) 92.993 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) 37,195.423 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1998 - Dec 2020
BoP: Current Account: Services (EUR mn) 1,622.769 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: Current Account: Credits (EUR mn) 46,790.791 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: Current Account: Goods: Credits (EUR mn) 31,504.871 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: FA: Other Investment: Assets (EUR mn) 793.310 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Aug 2021
BoP: Current Account: Services: Credits (EUR mn) 9,365.004 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment (PI) (EUR mn) 12,742.080 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1997 - Feb 2019
BoP: FA: Other Investment (OI) (EUR mn) -14,035.313 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1997 - Feb 2019
BoP: Financial Account: Assets (EUR mn) 20,631.512 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1997 - Feb 2019
BoP: Current Account: Services: Debits (EUR mn) 7,794.724 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1995 - Feb 2019
BoP: FA: Direct Investment (EUR mn) -216.498 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1995 - Feb 2019
BoP: Current Account: Primary Income: Credits (EUR mn) 4,868.683 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: Capital Account (EUR mn) -45.667 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
Balance of Payments (BoP): Current Account (EUR mn) 5,030.792 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: Current Account: Goods (EUR mn) 2,469.563 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: Capital Account: Credits (EUR mn) 232.969 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: Financial Account: Liabilities (EUR mn) 22,075.088 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1997 - Feb 2019
BoP: Current Account: Primary Income: Debits (EUR mn) 2,259.298 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: FA: Other Investment: Liabilities (EUR mn) 27,000.209 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Aug 2021
BoP: Errors & Omissions (EUR mn) 315.462 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Aug 2021
BoP: FA: Financial Derivatives (EUR mn) -311.803 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Aug 2021
BoP: Current Account: Goods: Debits (EUR mn) 29,035.308 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: Financial Account (FA) (EUR mn) 5,300.586 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Aug 2021
BoP: Capital Account: Debits (EUR mn) 278.636 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: FA: Direct Investment: Assets (EUR mn) -331.150 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment: Assets (EUR mn) 8,097.157 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Aug 2021
BoP: Current Account: Secondary Income: Debits (EUR mn) 2,723.159 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: Current Account: Secondary Income: Credits (EUR mn) 1,052.233 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: Current Account: Secondary Income (EUR mn) -1,670.925 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: Current Account: Debits (EUR mn) 41,760.000 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: FA: Reserve Assets (EUR mn) 17,449.138 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1988 - Aug 2021
BoP: FA: Direct Investment: Liabilities (EUR mn) 2,176.785 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: Current Account: Primary Income (EUR mn) 2,609.384 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
IIP: Liabilities (EUR mn) 3,111,117.893 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 1998 - Jun 2021
IIP: Assets (EUR mn) 3,200,699.857 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 1998 - Jun 2021
IIP: Net Position (EUR mn) 89,581.965 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 1998 - Jun 2021
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 5.0 Jun 2021 quarterly Jun 2008 - Jun 2021
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 58.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1995 - Dec 2020
Non-Performing Loans (USD mn) 113,317.634 Jun 2021 quarterly Jun 2008 - Jun 2021
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 2,035,630.521 Sep 2021 monthly Dec 1974 - Sep 2021
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 2,459,777.346 Sep 2021 monthly Dec 1974 - Sep 2021
M2 Growth (%) 8.1 Sep 2021 monthly Dec 1975 - Sep 2021
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 1.0 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Oct 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 49,332.9 Oct 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Oct 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 2.425 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Jun 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 1.3 Aug 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Aug 2021
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 139,710.805 Oct 2021 monthly Dec 1956 - Oct 2021
Total Deposits (USD mn) 2,151,347.914 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1998 - Jun 2021
Total Deposits Growth (%) 10.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 3,628,879.0 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Aug 2021
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 1.2 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 2000 - Aug 2021
Debt Service Ratio: Households (%) 4.400 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector (%) 10.600 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
Credit to Households (USD bn) 882.934 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2021
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector (USD bn) 2,382.438 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2021
Household Debt (USD mn) 1,158,874.2 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1995 - Jun 2021
Total Loans (USD mn) 3,122,964.272 Feb 2021 monthly Dec 1995 - Feb 2021
Total Loans Growth (%) 4.67 Mar 2021 monthly Dec 1996 - Mar 2021
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 79.23 Dec 2020 quarterly Jun 1998 - Dec 2020
Money Supply M3 (EUR mn) 2,132,853.170 Sep 2021 monthly Sep 1997 - Sep 2021
Deposits (EUR mn) 1,815,789.939 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1998 - Jun 2021
MFIs Loans: Residents of Italy (RI): MFIs (EUR mn) 700,508.620 Aug 2021 monthly Dec 1995 - Aug 2021
Consumer Credit (EUR mn) 142,671.859 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2002 - Jun 2021
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Business Confidence Growth (% Point) 20.8 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1986 - Oct 2021
Business Confidence Survey (BCS): Manufacturing: sa: Index (2010=100) 114.900 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2000 - Oct 2021
Business Confidence Survey (BCS): Construction: sa: Index (2010=100) 159.200 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2000 - Oct 2021
Business Confidence Survey (BCS): Services: sa: Index (2010=100) 112.100 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Oct 2021
Business Confidence Survey (BCS): Retail Trade: sa: Index (2010=100) 105.400 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Oct 2021
Cyclical Coincident Indicator: Ita-Coin (%) 1.090 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Oct 2021

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