Italy External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

2002 - 2020 | Yearly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about Italy`s External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

  • Italy External Debt: Short Term accounted for 54.0 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2020, compared with the ratio of 44.4 % in the previous year.
  • Italy External Debt: Short Term: % of Nominal GDP data is updated yearly, available from 2002 to 2020.
  • The data reached an all-time high of 54.0 % in 2020 and a record low of 23.1 % in 2004.

CEIC calculates Short Term External Debt as % of Nominal GDP from quarterly Short Term External Debt and quarterly Nominal GDP. Short Term External Debt is calculated as the sum of Short Term External Debt breakdowns for General Government, Central Bank, Deposit Taking Corporations and Other Sectors. The Bank of Italy provides Short Term External Debt in EUR based on BPM6. The National Institute of Statistics provides Nominal GDP in EUR. Short Term External Debt prior to 2008 is based on BPM5.


Related information about Italy`s External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

  • In the latest reports of Italy, Current Account recorded a surplus of 5.9 USD bn in Aug 2021.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 2.6 USD bn in Aug 2021.
  • Italy Direct Investment Abroad fell by 389.7 USD mn in Aug 2021.
  • Its Foreign Portfolio Investment increased by 10.7 USD bn in Jun 2021.
  • Italy External Debt: Short Term value stood at 1,075.4 USD bn in Dec 2020.
  • The country's Nominal GDP was reported at 506.1 USD bn in Dec 2020.

View Italy's External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP from 2002 to 2020 in the chart:

Italy External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

What was Italy's External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP in 2020?

Italy External Debt: Short Term accounted for 54.0 % of the country's Nominal GDP in 2020, compared with the ratio of 44.4 % in the previous year. See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
54.0 2020 44.4 2019 23.1 2004 54.0 2020 % yearly 2002 - 2020

External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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Includes External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP on 97 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 4.2 2020 yearly 1991 - 2020
Algeria (%) 1.3 2019 yearly 1977 - 2019
Argentina (%) 18.6 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Armenia (%) 12.7 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Australia (%) 21.3 2020 yearly 1988 - 2020
Austria (%) 41.5 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Azerbaijan (%) 1.1 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020
Bangladesh (%) 3.0 2020 yearly 2012 - 2020
Belarus (%) 17.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2020
Belgium (%) 84.6 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Bolivia (%) 0.0 2019 yearly 2000 - 2019
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 1.8 2019 yearly 1999 - 2019
Botswana (%) 1.4 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Brazil (%) 4.8 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Bulgaria (%) 9.9 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Canada (%) 52.6 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Chile (%) 7.9 2020 yearly 1971 - 2020
China (%) 8.9 2020 yearly 1985 - 2020
Colombia (%) 8.0 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Croatia (%) 15.2 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Cyprus (%) 177.8 2020 yearly 2008 - 2020
Czech Republic (%) 42.6 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Denmark (%) 68.2 2020 yearly 2005 - 2020
Ecuador (%) 0.9 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Egypt (%) 3.4 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Estonia (%) 28.7 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Finland (%) 83.4 2020 yearly 1991 - 2020
France (%) 113.6 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Georgia (%) 14.6 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Germany (%) 60.6 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Greece (%) 90.1 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 338.4 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Hungary (%) 12.9 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Iceland (%) 3.5 2020 yearly 1989 - 2020
India (%) 3.8 2021 yearly 1990 - 2021
Indonesia (%) 4.1 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Iran (%) 0.2 2021 yearly 1994 - 2021
Ireland (%) 173.2 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Israel (%) 11.0 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Italy (%) 54.0 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Ivory Coast (%) 1.7 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Japan (%) 65.9 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Jordan (%) 36.4 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Kazakhstan (%) 5.8 2020 yearly 1992 - 2020
Kenya (%) 2.7 2019 yearly 1996 - 2019
South Korea (%) 9.7 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Kosovo (%) 11.6 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 6.8 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Latvia (%) 55.7 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Lithuania (%) 21.9 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Luxembourg (%) 1,319.5 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
North Macedonia (%) 16.9 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Malawi (%) 0.6 2019 yearly 2002 - 2019
Malaysia (%) 25.9 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Malta (%) 166.2 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Mauritius (%) 57.6 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
Mexico (%) 5.0 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Moldova (%) 19.9 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Mongolia (%) 21.1 2019 yearly 1992 - 2019
Montenegro (%) 6.6 2020 yearly 2007 - 2020
Morocco (%) 6.7 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Mozambique (%) 10.8 2019 yearly 1984 - 2019
Netherlands (%) 187.3 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
New Zealand (%) 33.8 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Nigeria (%) 0.1 2018 yearly 2008 - 2018
Norway (%) 64.8 2020 yearly 2012 - 2020
Pakistan (%) 1.4 2021 yearly 2006 - 2021
Palestinian Territory (%) 9.0 2018 yearly 2013 - 2018
Panama (%) 67.4 2020 yearly 1970 - 2020
Paraguay (%) 12.7 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Peru (%) 4.7 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Philippines (%) 3.9 2020 yearly 2005 - 2020
Poland (%) 9.8 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Portugal (%) 78.9 2020 yearly 1996 - 2020
Romania (%) 15.2 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Russia (%) 4.2 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Serbia (%) 4.2 2019 yearly 2000 - 2019
Singapore (%) 320.5 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Slovakia (%) 59.1 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Slovenia (%) 24.2 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
South Africa (%) 8.3 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Spain (%) 78.7 2020 yearly 2000 - 2020
Sri Lanka (%) 10.2 2020 yearly 1994 - 2020
Sudan (%) 12.8 2019 yearly 1970 - 2019
Sweden (%) 53.3 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Switzerland (%) 157.1 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Taiwan (%) 26.2 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Tajikistan (%) 13.6 2020 yearly 1993 - 2020
Thailand (%) 14.9 2020 yearly 1980 - 2020
Tunisia (%) 26.1 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Turkey (%) 15.9 2020 yearly 1989 - 2020
Ukraine (%) 11.1 2020 yearly 2009 - 2020
United Kingdom (%) 217.4 2020 yearly 1979 - 2020
United States (%) 34.4 2020 yearly 2003 - 2020
Uruguay (%) 12.1 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Venezuela (%) 0.2 2017 yearly 1997 - 2017
Yemen (%) 1.8 2017 yearly 1991 - 2017

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Italy Key Series

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Includes 276 key indicators for Italy, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -8.6 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1999 - Dec 2020
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -27,901.295 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 151,010.449 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2021
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 37.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
National Government Debt (USD mn) 3,133,238.7 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1957 - Sep 2021
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 155.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1995 - Dec 2020
Forecast: Government Expenditure (EUR bn) 1,024.630 2026 yearly 1988 - 2026
Forecast: Government Net Debt (EUR bn) 3,035.030 2026 yearly 1988 - 2026
Forecast: Government Revenue (EUR bn) 975.381 2026 yearly 1988 - 2026
General Govt Debt (EUR mn) 2,706,434.100 Sep 2021 monthly Dec 1861 - Sep 2021
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 3.321 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Trade Balance (USD mn) 4,111.9 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Sep 2021
Total Exports (USD mn) 52,708.4 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Sep 2021
Total Exports Growth (%) 10.3 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1992 - Sep 2021
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 3,345,129.991 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 27,449,444.878 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 10,307,826.420 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Imports (USD mn) 49,821.2 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Sep 2021
Total Imports Growth (%) 22.5 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1992 - Sep 2021
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 19,041,045.874 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 11,700,390.846 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 4,665.905 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 1960 - Dec 2020
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 1,467.429 Feb 2021 monthly Jan 1960 - Feb 2021
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 1,679.094 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 1960 - Mar 2021
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 3,814.394 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 1960 - Mar 2021
IT: Exports: fob: Local Currency (EUR mn) 39,536.000 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1957 - Jan 2021
Trade Balance: sa (EUR mn) 3,495.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Sep 2021
Imports: cif: sa (EUR mn) 39,815.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Sep 2021
Exports: fob: sa (EUR mn) 43,310.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Sep 2021
Exports: fob: Mfg: Electrical (EUR mn) 2,398.115 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Sep 2021
Exports: fob: Mfg: Basic Metals & Fabricated Metal (MF) (EUR mn) 5,510.056 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Sep 2021
Exports: fob: Mfg: Machinery & Equipment n.e.c. (ME) (EUR mn) 6,890.771 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Sep 2021
Exports: fob (EUR mn) 44,801.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Sep 2021
Exports: fob: Mfg: Transport Equipment (TE) (EUR mn) 4,023.189 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Sep 2021
Imports: cif: Mfg: CC: Chemicals & Chemical Products (CP) (EUR mn) 3,160.364 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Aug 2021
Imports: cif: MQ: Crude Petroleum & Natural Gas: Crude Petroleum (EUR mn) 2,326.746 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Sep 2021
Imports: cif: Mfg: ME: Machinery & Equipment n.e.c. (MN) (EUR mn) 2,199.304 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Aug 2021
Imports: cif (EUR mn) 42,347.000 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Sep 2021
Imports: cif: Mfg: TE: MS: Motor Vehicles (EUR mn) 1,066.223 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Aug 2021
Imports: cif: Mfg: CO: Computer, Electronic & Optical (CE) (EUR mn) 2,114.301 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Aug 2021
Exports: fob: America: United States (EUR mn) 4,007.184 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Sep 2021
Exports: fob: Europe: United Kingdom (EUR mn) 2,073.640 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Sep 2021
Exports: fob: Europe: Germany (EUR mn) 5,952.705 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Sep 2021
Exports: fob: Europe: France (EUR mn) 4,736.761 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Sep 2021
Imports: cif: Europe: Germany (EUR mn) 6,737.539 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Sep 2021
Imports: cif: Europe: Netherlands (EUR mn) 2,452.254 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Sep 2021
Imports: cif: America: United States (EUR mn) 1,208.792 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Sep 2021
Imports: cif: Europe: France (EUR mn) 3,504.890 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Sep 2021
Crude Oil Imports: OPEC (Ton th) 23,800.000 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Crude Oil Imports: Africa: Nigeria (Ton th) 2,714.000 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Crude Oil Imports: Former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics(FUSSR) (Ton th) 19,084.000 2020 yearly 2001 - 2020
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) -389.7 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1988 - Aug 2021
Current Account Balance (USD mn) 5,919.7 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1970 - Aug 2021
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) 3.7 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1980 - Jun 2021
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 2,561.4 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1988 - Aug 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.7 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1988 - Jun 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 10,749.247 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1997 - Jun 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 1.8 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1990 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) 3,227.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1997 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) 5,011.634 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1997 - Dec 2020
External Debt (USD mn) 2,799,439.5 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2002 - Jun 2021
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 140.2 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 1,075,377.8 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2002 - Jun 2021
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 54.0 2020 yearly 2002 - 2020
Total Debt: % of GDP (%) 701.9 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 1995 - Sep 2020
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) 92.993 2026 yearly 1980 - 2026
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) 37,195.423 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1998 - Dec 2020
BoP: Current Account: Secondary Income (EUR mn) -1,670.925 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: Current Account: Primary Income: Debits (EUR mn) 2,259.298 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: FA: Other Investment: Liabilities (EUR mn) 27,000.209 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Aug 2021
BoP: Errors & Omissions (EUR mn) 315.462 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Aug 2021
BoP: FA: Financial Derivatives (EUR mn) -311.803 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Aug 2021
BoP: Current Account: Goods: Debits (EUR mn) 29,035.308 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: Financial Account (FA) (EUR mn) 5,300.586 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Aug 2021
BoP: FA: Other Investment (OI) (EUR mn) -14,035.313 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1997 - Feb 2019
BoP: Financial Account: Assets (EUR mn) 20,631.512 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1997 - Feb 2019
BoP: Current Account: Services: Debits (EUR mn) 7,794.724 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1995 - Feb 2019
BoP: FA: Direct Investment (EUR mn) -216.498 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1995 - Feb 2019
BoP: Financial Account: Liabilities (EUR mn) 22,075.088 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1997 - Feb 2019
BoP: Capital Account: Debits (EUR mn) 278.636 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: FA: Direct Investment: Assets (EUR mn) -331.150 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment: Assets (EUR mn) 8,097.157 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Aug 2021
BoP: Current Account: Secondary Income: Debits (EUR mn) 2,723.159 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: Current Account: Secondary Income: Credits (EUR mn) 1,052.233 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment (PI) (EUR mn) 12,742.080 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1997 - Feb 2019
BoP: Current Account: Primary Income: Credits (EUR mn) 4,868.683 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: Capital Account (EUR mn) -45.667 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
Balance of Payments (BoP): Current Account (EUR mn) 5,030.792 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: Current Account: Goods (EUR mn) 2,469.563 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: Capital Account: Credits (EUR mn) 232.969 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: Current Account: Debits (EUR mn) 41,760.000 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: FA: Reserve Assets (EUR mn) 17,449.138 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1988 - Aug 2021
BoP: FA: Direct Investment: Liabilities (EUR mn) 2,176.785 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: Current Account: Primary Income (EUR mn) 2,609.384 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: Current Account: Services (EUR mn) 1,622.769 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: Current Account: Credits (EUR mn) 46,790.791 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: Current Account: Goods: Credits (EUR mn) 31,504.871 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
BoP: FA: Other Investment: Assets (EUR mn) 793.310 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Aug 2021
BoP: Current Account: Services: Credits (EUR mn) 9,365.004 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Aug 2021
IIP: Assets (EUR mn) 3,200,699.857 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 1998 - Jun 2021
IIP: Net Position (EUR mn) 89,581.965 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 1998 - Jun 2021
IIP: Liabilities (EUR mn) 3,111,117.893 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 1998 - Jun 2021
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 5.0 Jun 2021 quarterly Jun 2008 - Jun 2021
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 58.7 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 1995 - Dec 2020
Non-Performing Loans (USD mn) 113,317.634 Jun 2021 quarterly Jun 2008 - Jun 2021
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 2,035,630.521 Sep 2021 monthly Dec 1974 - Sep 2021
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 2,459,777.346 Sep 2021 monthly Dec 1974 - Sep 2021
M2 Growth (%) 8.1 Sep 2021 monthly Dec 1975 - Sep 2021
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 1.0 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Oct 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 49,332.9 Oct 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Oct 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 2.425 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Jun 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 1.0 Sep 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Sep 2021
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 139,710.805 Oct 2021 monthly Dec 1956 - Oct 2021
Total Deposits (USD mn) 2,151,347.914 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1998 - Jun 2021
Total Deposits Growth (%) 10.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 3,628,879.0 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Aug 2021
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 1.2 Aug 2021 monthly Jan 2000 - Aug 2021
Debt Service Ratio: Households (%) 4.400 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
Debt Service Ratio: Private Non-Financial Sector (%) 10.600 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
Credit to Households (USD bn) 882.934 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2021
Credit to Private Non-Financial Sector (USD bn) 2,382.438 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1960 - Mar 2021
Household Debt (USD mn) 1,158,874.2 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1995 - Jun 2021
Total Loans (USD mn) 3,122,964.272 Feb 2021 monthly Dec 1995 - Feb 2021
Total Loans Growth (%) 4.67 Mar 2021 monthly Dec 1996 - Mar 2021
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 79.23 Dec 2020 quarterly Jun 1998 - Dec 2020
Money Supply M3 (EUR mn) 2,132,853.170 Sep 2021 monthly Sep 1997 - Sep 2021
Deposits (EUR mn) 1,815,789.939 Jun 2021 quarterly Mar 1998 - Jun 2021
MFIs Loans: Residents of Italy (RI): MFIs (EUR mn) 700,508.620 Aug 2021 monthly Dec 1995 - Aug 2021
Consumer Credit (EUR mn) 142,671.859 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2002 - Jun 2021
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Business Confidence Growth (% Point) 20.8 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1986 - Oct 2021
Business Confidence Survey (BCS): Manufacturing: sa: Index (2010=100) 116.000 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2000 - Nov 2021
Business Confidence Survey (BCS): Construction: sa: Index (2010=100) 159.200 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2000 - Oct 2021
Business Confidence Survey (BCS): Services: sa: Index (2010=100) 112.100 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Oct 2021
Business Confidence Survey (BCS): Retail Trade: sa: Index (2010=100) 106.800 Nov 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Nov 2021
Cyclical Coincident Indicator: Ita-Coin (%) 1.090 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Oct 2021

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