Montenegro Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

2010 - 2020 | Quarterly | % | CEIC Data

Montenegro Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP was reported at 43.431 % in Dec 2020. This records an increase from the previous number of 24.920 % for Sep 2020. Montenegro Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP data is updated quarterly, averaging 16.257 % from Dec 2010 to Dec 2020, with 41 observations. The data reached an all-time high of 43.431 % in Dec 2020 and a record low of 7.214 % in Jun 2012. Montenegro Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP data remains active status in CEIC and is reported by CEIC Data. The data is categorized under World Trend Plus’s Global Economic Monitor – Table: Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of Nominal GDP: Quarterly: Europe and Central Asia. CEIC calculates quarterly Foreign Exchange Reserves as % of Nominal GDP from monthly Foreign Exchange Reserves and quarterly Nominal GDP. The International Monetary Fund provides Foreign Exchange Reserves in USD. The Statistical Office of Montenegro provides Nominal GDP in EUR. Federal Reserve Board average market exchange rate is used for currency conversions.

View Montenegro's Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP from Dec 2010 to Dec 2020 in the chart:

Montenegro Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

What was Montenegro's Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP in Dec 2020?

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
43.431 Dec 2020 24.920 Sep 2020 7.214 Jun 2012 43.431 Dec 2020 % quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2020

Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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Includes Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP on 114 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 28.100 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2008 - Mar 2021
Algeria (%) 34.531 Mar 2020 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2020
Argentina (%) 9.053 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2004 - Mar 2021
Armenia (%) 24.129 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2013 - Mar 2021
Australia (%) 2.496 Mar 2021 quarterly Sep 1969 - Mar 2021
Austria (%) 2.020 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1995 - Mar 2021
Azerbaijan (%) 17.318 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2001 - Mar 2021
Bahrain (%) 9.329 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2007 - Mar 2021
Bangladesh (%) 4.000 Apr 2021 monthly Oct 1999 - Apr 2021
Belarus (%) 6.157 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2009 - Mar 2021
Belgium (%) 1.981 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
Bolivia (%) 9.249 Jun 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2020
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 39.235 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2008 - Mar 2021
Botswana (%) 31.552 Mar 2021 quarterly Jun 1994 - Mar 2021
Brazil (%) 22.915 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2021
Brunei (%) 6.000 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2006 - Apr 2021
Bulgaria (%) 42.381 Mar 2021 quarterly Sep 2003 - Mar 2021
Cambodia (%) 8.000 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2008 - Jun 2021
Canada (%) 4.142 Mar 2021 quarterly Jun 1999 - Mar 2021
Chile (%) 14.524 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1996 - Mar 2021
China (%) 8.900 Jul 2021 monthly Jan 1985 - Jul 2021
Colombia (%) 20.574 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2021
Croatia (%) 42.404 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1995 - Mar 2021
Cyprus (%) 0.706 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2002 - Mar 2021
Czech Republic (%) 64.376 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Mar 2021
Denmark (%) 17.714 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2002 - Mar 2021
Ecuador (%) 4.134 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2021
Egypt (%) 8.778 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2004 - Dec 2020
Estonia (%) 6.987 Mar 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Mar 2021
European Union (%) 2.333 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2021
Finland (%) 2.892 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Mar 2021
France (%) 1.955 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2004 - Mar 2021
Georgia (%) 25.136 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1996 - Mar 2021
Germany (%) 0.954 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1991 - Mar 2021
Ghana (%) 9.927 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2006 - Dec 2020
Greece (%) 1.876 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2004 - Mar 2021
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 139.343 Mar 2021 quarterly Jun 2000 - Mar 2021
Hungary (%) 20.270 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2006 - Mar 2021
Iceland (%) 27.410 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2021
India (%) 3.500 Apr 2021 monthly Sep 1962 - Apr 2021
Indonesia (%) 3.500 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Apr 2021
Ireland (%) 1.202 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
Israel (%) 44.674 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2001 - Mar 2021
Italy (%) 2.390 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2021
Ivory Coast (%) 0.006 Sep 2018 quarterly Dec 1997 - Sep 2018
Japan (%) 0.820 Feb 2021 monthly Oct 1980 - Feb 2021
Jordan (%) 27.878 Dec 2019 quarterly Dec 1992 - Dec 2019
Kazakhstan (%) 6.637 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2002 - Mar 2021
Kenya (%) 8.845 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2009 - Sep 2020
South Korea (%) 7.000 Apr 2021 monthly Nov 1979 - Apr 2021
Kosovo (%) 10.639 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2010 - Mar 2021
Kuwait (%) 40.595 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Sep 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 18.499 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2021
Laos (%) 4.000 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - Jun 2021
Latvia (%) 13.903 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1997 - Mar 2021
Lebanon (%) 96.393 2019 yearly 2004 - 2019
Lithuania (%) 7.802 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1995 - Mar 2021
Luxembourg (%) 0.335 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
Macau SAR, China (%) 103.841 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2001 - Mar 2021
North Macedonia (%) 33.540 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2021
Malawi (%) 7.548 2019 yearly 2002 - 2019
Malaysia (%) 2.000 Mar 2021 monthly Jun 1959 - Mar 2021
Malta (%) 5.245 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2021
Mauritius (%) 62.219 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2006 - Mar 2021
Mexico (%) 17.123 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Mar 2021
Moldova (%) 31.595 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2020
Mongolia (%) 30.488 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2010 - Mar 2021
Montenegro (%) 43.431 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2020
Morocco (%) 25.982 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2007 - Mar 2021
Mozambique (%) 23.994 2019 yearly 1984 - 2019
Myanmar (%) 3.500 Apr 2021 monthly May 2011 - Apr 2021
Nepal (%) 3.000 Apr 2021 monthly Jul 2003 - Apr 2021
Netherlands (%) 0.714 Mar 2021 quarterly Sep 1999 - Mar 2021
New Zealand (%) 4,941.703 Mar 2021 quarterly Sep 2005 - Mar 2021
Nigeria (%) 8.374 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2010 - Mar 2021
Norway (%) 18.021 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2021
Oman (%) 22.701 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2005 - Dec 2020
Pakistan (%) 5.000 Apr 2021 monthly Jul 2006 - Apr 2021
Palestinian Territory (%) 14.439 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2006 - Dec 2020
Panama (%) 16.784 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2007 - Mar 2021
Paraguay (%) 24.854 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1994 - Mar 2021
Peru (%) 37.524 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1990 - Mar 2021
Philippines (%) 12.000 May 2021 monthly May 1986 - May 2021
Poland (%) 23.614 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2002 - Mar 2021
Portugal (%) 1.913 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2021
Qatar (%) 25.787 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2010 - Mar 2021
Romania (%) 15.781 Mar 2021 quarterly Jun 2005 - Mar 2021
Russia (%) 29.693 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2011 - Mar 2021
Saudi Arabia (%) 62.132 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 2003 - Mar 2021
Serbia (%) 26.798 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2004 - Mar 2021
Singapore (%) 109.184 Mar 2021 quarterly Jun 2000 - Mar 2021
Slovakia (%) 6.128 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2021
Slovenia (%) 1.157 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1995 - Mar 2021
South Africa (%) 13.990 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2001 - Mar 2021
Spain (%) 4.246 Mar 2021 quarterly Dec 1995 - Mar 2021
Sri Lanka (%) 2.000 Jun 2021 monthly Mar 1997 - Jun 2021
Sudan (%) 0.000 2017 yearly 1960 - 2017
Sweden (%) 7.656 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Mar 2021
Switzerland (%) 129.677 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2006 - Mar 2021
Syria (%) 31.149 2010 yearly 1990 - 2010

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Montenegro Key Series

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Includes 168 key indicators for Montenegro, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -10.1 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2012 - Dec 2020
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -62.191 Feb 2021 monthly Jan 2012 - Feb 2021
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 101.118 May 2021 monthly Jan 2012 - May 2021
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 20.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2012 - Dec 2020
National Government Debt (USD mn) 4,811.6 Mar 2021 monthly Dec 2010 - Mar 2021
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 103.3 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2020
Forecast: Government Expenditure (EUR bn) 2.503 2026 yearly 2002 - 2026
Forecast: Government Net Debt (EUR bn) 4.656 2026 yearly 2002 - 2026
Forecast: Government Revenue (EUR bn) 2.469 2026 yearly 2002 - 2026
General Government Revenue: Consolidated (EUR) 136,077,973.880 May 2021 monthly Jan 2012 - May 2021
General Govt Expenditure: Consolidated (EUR) 156,171,645.390 May 2021 monthly Jan 2012 - May 2021
General Govt Revenue: Cons: Taxes (EUR) 83,251,772.960 May 2021 monthly Jan 2012 - May 2021
General Govt Balance: Consolidated: Deficit or Surplus (EUR) -20,093,671.510 May 2021 monthly Jan 2012 - May 2021
General Govt Revenue: Cons: Taxes: Value Added Tax (EUR) 46,983,393.620 May 2021 monthly Jan 2012 - May 2021
General Govt Revenue: Cons: Taxes: Excises (EUR) 18,572,804.940 May 2021 monthly Jan 2012 - May 2021
General Govt Expenditure: Cons: ow Current (EUR) 149,679,975.580 May 2021 monthly Jan 2012 - May 2021
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 2.732 2026 yearly 2003 - 2026
Trade Balance (USD mn) -211.9 May 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - May 2021
Total Exports (USD mn) 37.3 May 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - May 2021
Total Exports Growth (%) 63.4 May 2021 monthly Jan 2006 - May 2021
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 64,427.185 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 27,577.529 2020 yearly 2008 - 2020
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 35.218 2020 yearly 2008 - 2020
Total Imports (USD mn) 228.5 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Apr 2021
Total Imports Growth (%) -9.7 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2006 - Mar 2021
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 95,282.144 2020 yearly 2008 - 2020
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 37,610.169 2020 yearly 2008 - 2020
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 0.558 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2010 - Dec 2020
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 2.914 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2006 - Mar 2021
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 0.265 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2010 - Apr 2021
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 25.935 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2006 - Apr 2021
Exports (EUR th) 30,701.582 May 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - May 2021
Exports: Crude Materials: excl Fuels (EUR th) 8,117.976 May 2021 monthly Mar 2009 - May 2021
Exports: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants & Related Materials (EUR th) 2,697.488 May 2021 monthly Mar 2009 - May 2021
Exports: Food & Live Animals (EUR th) 1,815.028 May 2021 monthly Mar 2009 - May 2021
Exports: Manufactured Goods (EUR th) 8,469.268 May 2021 monthly Mar 2009 - May 2021
Exports: Machinery & Transport Equipment (EUR th) 3,650.342 May 2021 monthly Mar 2009 - May 2021
Exports: Europe: EU-28: Slovenia (EUR th) 475.682 May 2021 monthly Mar 2009 - May 2021
Exports: Europe: CEFTA: Serbia (EUR th) 7,520.978 May 2021 monthly Mar 2009 - May 2021
Imports: Manufactured Goods (EUR th) 34,621.262 May 2021 monthly Mar 2009 - May 2021
Imports: Machinery & Transport Equipment (EUR th) 52,653.582 May 2021 monthly Mar 2009 - May 2021
Imports: Miscellaneous Manufactured Goods (EUR th) 28,894.107 May 2021 monthly Mar 2009 - May 2021
Imports: Food & Live Animals (EUR th) 36,364.020 May 2021 monthly Mar 2009 - May 2021
Imports (EUR th) 205,135.785 May 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - May 2021
Imports: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants & Related Materials (EUR th) 20,449.993 May 2021 monthly Mar 2009 - May 2021
Imports: Europe: CEFTA: Serbia (EUR th) 38,691.670 May 2021 monthly Mar 2009 - May 2021
Imports: Europe: EU-28: Greece (EUR th) 11,640.272 May 2021 monthly Mar 2009 - May 2021
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 4.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Mar 2021
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -193.4 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2004 - Mar 2021
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -18.5 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2010 - Mar 2021
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 104.8 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Mar 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 10.1 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2010 - Mar 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) -277.072 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Mar 2021
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 59.3 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2010 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) 75.5 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2007 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) 77.773 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2007 - Dec 2020
External Debt (USD mn) 8,339.4 2019 yearly 2006 - 2019
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 150.5 2019 yearly 2006 - 2019
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 277.2 2019 yearly 2007 - 2019
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 5.0 2019 yearly 2007 - 2019
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -0.684 2026 yearly 2001 - 2026
Balance of Payments (BoP): Current Account and Capital Account (EUR th) -374,597.413 Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 2010 - Dec 2018
BoP: Current Account: Goods: Export (EUR th) 120,372.138 Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 2010 - Dec 2018
BoP: Current Account: Goods: Import (EUR th) 645,611.036 Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 2010 - Dec 2018
BoP: Financial Account: Change in Central Bank Reserves (EUR th) -9,057.098 Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 2010 - Dec 2018
Gross General Government External Debt (EUR mn) 3,642.680 Mar 2021 monthly Dec 2010 - Mar 2021
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 5.7 Feb 2021 monthly Aug 2010 - Feb 2021
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 33.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2020
Non-Performing Loans (USD mn) 208.908 Mar 2021 monthly Dec 2010 - Mar 2021
M2 Growth (%) -1.7 2019 yearly 2003 - 2019
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 5.5 May 2021 monthly Jan 2002 - May 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 1,545.7 May 2021 monthly Dec 2002 - May 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 43.431 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2020
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 6.9 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Apr 2021
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 0.000 May 2021 monthly Dec 2002 - May 2021
Total Deposits (USD mn) 4,355.800 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Jun 2021
Total Deposits Growth (%) 2.8 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2004 - Mar 2021
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 3,054.6 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Jun 2021
Domestic Credit Growth (%) -0.8 Jun 2021 monthly Jan 2006 - Jun 2021
Household Debt (USD mn) 1,677.6 Jun 2021 monthly Dec 2004 - Jun 2021
Total Loans (USD mn) 3,831.176 Mar 2021 monthly Jan 2003 - Mar 2021
Total Loans Growth (%) 6.20 Apr 2021 monthly Jan 2004 - Apr 2021
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 59.30 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2020
Bank Loans: Residents: Households (EUR th) 1,188,990.000 Jun 2018 monthly Jan 2009 - Jun 2018
Bank Loans: Non Performing Loans (EUR th) 200,600.000 Apr 2018 monthly Dec 2010 - Apr 2018
ME: Bank Non-Performing Loans to Total Gross Loans (%) 7.426 2018 yearly 2013 - 2018

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