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Estonia Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

2002 - 2018 | Quarterly | % | CEIC Data

Estonia’s Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP was reported at 1.074 % in Mar 2018. This records an increase from the previous number of 0.904 % for Dec 2017. Estonia’s Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP data is updated quarterly, averaging 11.935 % from Sep 2002 to Mar 2018, with 63 observations. The data reached an all-time high of 19.908 % in Jun 2010 and a record low of 0.460 % in Dec 2011. Estonia’s Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP data remains active status in CEIC and is reported by CEIC Data. The data is categorized under World Trend Plus’s Global Economic Monitor – Table: Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of Nominal GDP: Europe and Central Asia. CEIC calculates quarterly Foreign Exchange Reserves as % of Nominal GDP from monthly Foreign Exchange Reserves and quarterly Nominal GDP. The Bank of Estonia provides Foreign Exchange Reserves in EUR. Statistics Estonia provides Nominal GDP in EUR. Estonia joined the Euro Area on January 1st, 2011 with fixed conversion rate of 1 EUR = 15.6466 EEK. This explains the drop in foreign currency and total reserve assets.

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What was Estonia's Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP in Mar 2018?

Last

1.074

Mar 2018
Previous

0.904

Dec 2017
Min

0.460

Dec 2011
Max

19.908

Jun 2010
Unit

%

Frequency

quarterly

Range

Sep 2002 - Mar 2018

Updated on 31 May 2018
Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

1.074

Mar 2018

0.904

Dec 2017

0.460

Dec 2011

19.908

Jun 2010

%

quarterly

Sep 2002 - Mar 2018

Updated on 31 May 2018

View Estonia's Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP from Sep 2002 to Mar 2018 in the chart:

Estonia Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

Series Details
Series ID

384177227

Name

Estonia Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

Country

Estonia

Frequency

Quarterly

Unit

%

Status

Active

Source

CEIC Data

First Date

Sep 2002

Last Date

Mar 2018

Last Updated

31 May 2018

Statistics
Mean

8.281

Variance

48.598

Standard deviation

6.971

Skewness

-0.004

Kurtosis

-1.817

Coefficient variation

0.842

Median

11.935

Max
Jun 2010

19.908

Min
Dec 2011

0.460

Previous observation
Dec 2017

0.904

Last observation
Mar 2018

1.074

Number of Observations

63

Get This Data

More Countries/Regions for Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

Country/Region Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Albania

23.426

Mar 2018

25.363

Dec 2017

16.065

Mar 2009

25.501

Mar 2016

%

quarterly

Dec 2008 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Algeria

56.469

2017

71.003

2016

1.167

1990

107.296

2009

%

yearly

1968 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-15
Argentina

8.850

Mar 2018

7.897

Dec 2017

3.208

Dec 2015

16.155

Jun 2007

%

quarterly

Dec 2004 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-19
Armenia

18.843

Mar 2018

19.981

Dec 2017

12.802

Dec 2014

20.826

Dec 2016

%

quarterly

Dec 2013 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
Australia

3.640

Mar 2018

4.187

Dec 2017

0.680

Sep 1980

9.103

Dec 1972

%

quarterly

Sep 1969 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-06
Austria

2.236

Mar 2018

1.535

Dec 2017

1.152

Dec 2009

9.561

Dec 1998

%

quarterly

Dec 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-30
Azerbaijan

15.306

Mar 2018

15.830

Dec 2017

7.848

Mar 2006

21.551

Mar 2014

%

quarterly

Dec 2001 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
Bahrain

9.919

Sep 2017

4.874

Jun 2017

4.641

Sep 2016

23.826

Mar 2008

%

quarterly

Dec 2007 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-10-01
Bangladesh

11.402

2018

12.650

2017

4.744

2006

12.748

2016

%

yearly

2006 - 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
Belarus

7.961

Mar 2018

8.911

Dec 2017

2.899

Mar 2011

9.230

Jun 2012

%

quarterly

Dec 2009 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Belgium

1.627

Jun 2018

1.943

Mar 2018

1.448

Sep 2008

3.657

Dec 2001

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-10-02
Bolivia

20.078

Mar 2018

21.860

Dec 2017

5.168

Mar 2003

43.269

Sep 2009

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-27
Bosnia and Herzegovina

33.566

Mar 2018

32.784

Dec 2017

21.978

Jun 2012

33.566

Mar 2018

%

quarterly

Dec 2008 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
Botswana

40.977

Mar 2018

43.088

Dec 2017

40.977

Mar 2018

124.150

Dec 1998

%

quarterly

Jun 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Brazil

18.734

Jun 2018

18.377

Mar 2018

4.946

Dec 2000

20.201

Sep 2016

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-26
Brunei

25.492

Mar 2018

24.240

Dec 2017

15.772

Mar 2014

28.712

Jun 2016

%

quarterly

Dec 2013 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-09-14
Bulgaria

39.824

Mar 2018

42.463

Dec 2017

25.295

Sep 2003

44.819

Dec 2016

%

quarterly

Sep 2003 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-07
Cambodia

50.132

2017

41.141

2016

0.335

1993

50.132

2017

%

yearly

1993 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-25
Canada

4.324

Mar 2018

4.629

Dec 2017

2.523

Dec 2006

4.866

Sep 2016

%

quarterly

Jun 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Chile

12.837

Mar 2018

13.684

Dec 2017

9.575

Mar 2007

22.887

Mar 2003

%

quarterly

Dec 1996 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-18
China

23.396

Jun 2018

24.605

Mar 2018

3.429

Sep 1993

47.453

Mar 2011

%

quarterly

Dec 1992 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-20
Colombia

14.100

Mar 2018

14.460

Dec 2017

8.429

Dec 2000

16.554

Jun 2016

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-28
Croatia

34.350

Mar 2018

33.145

Dec 2017

15.409

Mar 2001

34.350

Mar 2018

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-01
Cyprus

0.343

Mar 2018

0.310

Dec 2017

0.100

Jun 2013

26.748

Mar 2002

%

quarterly

Mar 2002 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-13
Czech Republic

64.139

Mar 2018

67.420

Dec 2017

15.004

Sep 2008

71.324

Jun 2017

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Denmark

20.362

Jun 2018

20.403

Mar 2018

8.380

Sep 2008

36.065

Mar 2015

%

quarterly

Mar 2002 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Ecuador

3.854

Mar 2018

1.574

Dec 2017

0.536

Dec 2012

9.496

Sep 2008

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Egypt

15.580

Mar 2018

13.927

Dec 2017

2.745

Mar 2013

21.641

Mar 2008

%

quarterly

Dec 2004 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-23
Estonia

1.074

Mar 2018

0.904

Dec 2017

0.460

Dec 2011

19.908

Jun 2010

%

quarterly

Sep 2002 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
European Union

1.495

Mar 2018

1.463

Dec 2017

1.044

Jun 2008

2.701

Sep 2000

%

quarterly

Dec 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-20
Finland

2.271

Mar 2018

2.375

Dec 2017

1.968

Dec 2010

6.078

Sep 2000

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-12
France

1.786

Jun 2018

1.496

Mar 2018

0.826

Mar 2009

1.786

Jun 2018

%

quarterly

Mar 2004 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Georgia

17.925

Mar 2018

18.658

Dec 2017

2.976

Jun 1999

20.612

Mar 2011

%

quarterly

Dec 1996 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-19
Germany

0.947

Mar 2018

0.957

Dec 2017

0.947

Mar 2018

5.535

Sep 1992

%

quarterly

Dec 1991 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-15
Greece

1.041

Mar 2018

1.067

Dec 2017

0.011

Dec 2011

1.138

Mar 2004

%

quarterly

Mar 2004 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-20
Hong Kong SAR

126.449

Mar 2018

126.291

Dec 2017

57.320

Jun 2000

126.449

Mar 2018

%

quarterly

Jun 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-11
Hungary

18.914

Mar 2018

19.624

Dec 2017

15.188

Sep 2008

37.912

Jun 2011

%

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-05
Iceland

23.622

Mar 2018

25.425

Dec 2017

3.762

Mar 2003

55.272

Dec 2011

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-08
India

15.351

Mar 2018

15.350

Dec 2017

13.340

Sep 2013

16.075

Jun 2015

%

quarterly

Mar 2012 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-04
Indonesia

10.933

Jun 2018

11.606

Mar 2018

9.625

Sep 2013

13.683

Jun 2011

%

quarterly

Dec 2010 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-14
Ireland

0.581

Mar 2018

0.587

Dec 2017

0.001

Jun 2013

5.355

Jun 1999

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-25
Israel

31.774

Mar 2018

31.830

Dec 2017

15.574

Jun 2008

32.249

Jun 2017

%

quarterly

Dec 2001 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
Italy

1.842

Mar 2018

1.878

Dec 2017

1.113

Mar 2008

2.164

Sep 2000

%

quarterly

Dec 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-11
Ivory Coast

0.011

2017

0.005

2016

0.005

2016

10.201

1978

%

yearly

1962 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-26
Japan

24.351

Mar 2018

24.674

Dec 2017

17.780

Jun 2011

27.005

Mar 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-08
Jordan

32.261

Mar 2018

33.116

Dec 2017

11.584

Jun 1993

51.705

Sep 2003

%

quarterly

Dec 1992 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-02
Kazakhstan

10.168

Mar 2018

10.954

Dec 2017

8.155

Sep 2013

23.420

Mar 2007

%

quarterly

Dec 2002 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-11
Kenya

10.815

Jun 2018

11.568

Mar 2018

9.258

Dec 2017

14.599

Jun 2014

%

quarterly

Dec 2009 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-10-09
South Korea

24.595

Mar 2018

24.748

Dec 2017

3.522

Dec 1997

29.106

Dec 2009

%

quarterly

Mar 1971 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Kosovo

12.221

Jun 2018

12.900

Mar 2018

8.790

Mar 2015

15.191

Sep 2017

%

quarterly

Dec 2010 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Kuwait

26.294

2017

26.475

2016

1.433

1967

34.901

1991

%

yearly

1964 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-25
Kyrgyzstan

20.955

Mar 2018

21.527

Dec 2017

14.049

Sep 2001

30.832

Mar 2011

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-16
Laos

6.813

2014

5.957

2013

5.957

2013

12.270

2007

%

yearly

2002 - 2014

Updated on 2018-05-17
Latvia

12.627

Mar 2018

12.943

Dec 2017

9.442

Sep 2016

30.818

Sep 2010

%

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-22
Lebanon

83.345

2016

77.021

2015

51.638

2007

83.630

2012

%

yearly

2004 - 2016

Updated on 2018-09-13
Lithuania

9.644

Jun 2018

8.841

Mar 2018

1.803

Mar 2015

18.927

Dec 2007

%

quarterly

Dec 1995 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Luxembourg

0.251

Mar 2018

0.261

Dec 2017

0.000

Mar 1999

1.100

Sep 2008

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-21
Macau SAR

37.482

Mar 2018

40.055

Dec 2017

28.106

Jun 2014

92.687

Dec 2011

%

quarterly

Dec 2001 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-29
Macedonia

22.960

Mar 2018

20.800

Dec 2017

11.377

Dec 2000

26.179

Sep 2014

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-07
Malawi

10.423

2015

9.881

2014

2.320

2009

10.423

2015

%

yearly

2002 - 2015

Updated on 2018-09-13
Malaysia

31.608

Mar 2018

31.377

Dec 2017

28.617

Sep 2015

46.057

Jun 2011

%

quarterly

Dec 2010 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-17
Malta

4.932

Mar 2018

4.996

Dec 2017

2.180

Jun 2010

48.376

Dec 2003

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-05
Mauritius

41.335

Mar 2018

40.738

Dec 2017

17.269

Dec 2008

41.335

Mar 2018

%

quarterly

Dec 2006 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
Mexico

13.955

Mar 2018

14.280

Dec 2017

4.836

Jun 2000

15.741

Mar 2017

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-23
Moldova

31.932

Mar 2018

34.102

Dec 2017

12.997

Jun 2004

35.304

Dec 2013

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-12
Mongolia

23.994

Mar 2018

24.868

Dec 2017

8.580

Sep 2016

31.450

Dec 2012

%

quarterly

Dec 2010 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Montenegro

21.356

Dec 2017

19.021

Sep 2017

7.214

Jun 2012

22.946

Mar 2016

%

quarterly

Dec 2010 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-13
Morocco

20.210

Mar 2018

21.308

Dec 2017

14.980

Sep 2012

28.564

Dec 2007

%

quarterly

Dec 2007 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
Nepal

36.233

2017

39.228

2016

15.880

2011

39.228

2016

%

yearly

2002 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-25
Netherlands

0.514

Mar 2018

0.572

Dec 2017

0.514

Mar 2018

1.818

Sep 2000

%

quarterly

Sep 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-24
New Zealand

9.854

Mar 2018

9.610

Dec 2017

6.404

Sep 2005

13.461

Jun 2008

%

quarterly

Sep 2005 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-20
Nigeria

12.285

Mar 2018

10.564

Dec 2017

5.287

Mar 2015

12.285

Mar 2018

%

quarterly

Dec 2010 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-11
Norway

15.081

Mar 2018

15.674

Dec 2017

9.000

Dec 2012

16.211

Jun 2017

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-06
Oman

24.207

Mar 2018

21.799

Dec 2017

13.504

Dec 2006

32.075

Jun 2016

%

quarterly

Dec 2005 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-23
Pakistan

3.480

2018

5.556

2017

1.665

2001

10.676

2003

%

yearly

2000 - 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
Panama

2.662

Mar 2018

3.951

Dec 2017

2.662

Mar 2018

10.650

Mar 2009

%

quarterly

Dec 2007 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-18
Paraguay

19.723

Mar 2018

18.546

Dec 2017

14.945

Dec 2015

19.723

Mar 2018

%

quarterly

Dec 2014 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-06
Peru

26.953

Mar 2018

28.189

Dec 2017

2.655

Dec 1990

32.423

Mar 2013

%

quarterly

Dec 1990 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-25
Philippines

21.134

Jun 2018

22.152

Mar 2018

14.179

Sep 2004

30.107

Sep 2011

%

quarterly

Jun 2000 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-13
Poland

20.465

Mar 2018

20.487

Dec 2017

10.977

Dec 2008

23.251

Dec 2016

%

quarterly

Dec 2002 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-03
Portugal

3.849

Mar 2018

3.769

Dec 2017

0.149

Dec 2011

7.861

Mar 2002

%

quarterly

Dec 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-04
Qatar

9.635

Mar 2018

7.893

Dec 2017

7.893

Dec 2017

24.066

Dec 2010

%

quarterly

Dec 2010 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-17
Romania

17.644

Mar 2018

17.216

Dec 2017

17.216

Dec 2017

26.338

Jun 2011

%

quarterly

Jun 2005 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-06
Russia

22.712

Mar 2018

21.965

Dec 2017

15.754

Dec 2014

25.477

Sep 2016

%

quarterly

Dec 2011 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-18
Saudi Arabia

67.922

Jun 2018

68.872

Mar 2018

27.515

Dec 2003

95.422

Sep 2015

%

quarterly

Dec 2003 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-30
Serbia

25.287

Mar 2018

25.146

Dec 2017

13.590

Mar 2004

35.908

Dec 2006

%

quarterly

Mar 2004 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Singapore

85.404

Mar 2018

85.677

Dec 2017

77.200

Jun 2001

101.284

Mar 2004

%

quarterly

Jun 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-24
Slovakia

2.533

Jun 2018

2.232

Mar 2018

0.018

Dec 2012

35.909

Mar 2005

%

quarterly

Dec 1999 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-14
Slovenia

0.632

Mar 2018

0.679

Dec 2017

0.434

Mar 2013

27.851

Dec 2002

%

quarterly

Dec 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
South Africa

11.388

Jun 2018

11.480

Mar 2018

3.483

Dec 2003

13.499

Sep 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-12
Spain

3.623

Mar 2018

3.704

Dec 2017

0.608

Jun 2008

11.585

Dec 1997

%

quarterly

Dec 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Sri Lanka

7.171

Mar 2018

7.963

Dec 2017

5.005

Mar 2017

11.704

Jun 2011

%

quarterly

Dec 2010 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-18
Sudan

0.000

2017

0.000

2016

0.000

2017

17.342

1960

%

yearly

1960 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-20
Sweden

9.656

Mar 2018

9.915

Dec 2017

4.763

Mar 2009

10.394

Sep 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Switzerland

111.445

Mar 2018

112.218

Dec 2017

7.905

Sep 2008

112.218

Dec 2017

%

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Syria

31.149

2010

31.358

2009

0.519

2004

61.456

2005

%

yearly

1990 - 2010

Updated on 2018-09-27
Taiwan

77.295

Jun 2018

78.254

Mar 2018

24.313

Sep 1984

88.620

Dec 2009

%

quarterly

Sep 1984 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-08-17
Tajikistan

7.840

Mar 2018

8.600

Dec 2017

0.288

Mar 2016

9.859

Sep 2001

%

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-11
Thailand

43.518

Mar 2018

42.548

Dec 2017

16.209

Sep 1997

49.161

Mar 2011

%

quarterly

Dec 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-30
Tunisia

11.675

Mar 2018

13.441

Dec 2017

6.576

Mar 2002

23.165

Sep 2009

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-10
Turkey

8.413

Jun 2018

9.446

Mar 2018

6.560

Jun 2001

11.957

Mar 2007

%

quarterly

Jun 2000 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-24
Ukraine

13.430

Mar 2018

13.877

Dec 2017

4.920

Dec 2014

25.729

Sep 2010

%

quarterly

Dec 2001 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-06
United Arab Emirates

24.663

2017

23.634

2016

2.746

1977

29.917

2007

%

yearly

1973 - 2017

Updated on 2018-09-27
United Kingdom

4.878

Mar 2018

4.873

Dec 2017

1.238

Mar 2009

4.878

Mar 2018

%

quarterly

Sep 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-29
United States

0.212

Jun 2018

0.225

Mar 2018

0.000

Dec 1974

0.875

Dec 1990

%

quarterly

Mar 1961 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-27
Uruguay

26.524

Mar 2018

26.279

Dec 2017

15.711

Dec 2006

31.782

Jun 2015

%

quarterly

Dec 2005 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-15
Venezuela

0.529

2015

0.771

2014

0.529

2015

18.691

2003

%

yearly

1997 - 2015

Updated on 2018-04-30
Vietnam

21.751

2017

17.617

2016

6.368

1995

30.359

2007

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-24
Yemen

14.498

2013

18.126

2012

0.622

1993

36.752

2003

%

yearly

1991 - 2013

Updated on 2018-09-23

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Indicator Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Aluminum: Exports

18,458.929

2017

9,591.030

2016

2,256.804

1995

90,153.836

2008

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Bank Lending Rate

2.830

Aug 2018

2.800

Jul 2018

2.030

Sep 2017

12.130

Feb 1999

% pa

monthly

Jan 1999 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-25
Business Confidence Growth

-3.0

Sep 2018

-1.3

Aug 2018

-38.7

Mar 2009

31.3

Apr 2010

% Point

monthly

May 2002 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-09-26
Business Confidence: Net Balance

7.7

Sep 2018

9.7

Aug 2018

-40.0

Dec 2008

27.0

Mar 2007

% Point

monthly

May 2001 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-09-26
CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

2.944

Jun 2018

2.873

May 2018

-6.801

Dec 2009

18.951

May 2008

%

monthly

Jan 1999 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-06
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

-0.3

2017

-0.3

2016

-3.3

1999

2.9

2006

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-22
Consumer Confidence Growth

0.6

Jul 2018

-0.1

Jun 2018

-26.3

Feb 2008

25.1

Jun 2010

% Point

monthly

Dec 1996 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-07-25
Consumer Confidence: Net Balance

-2.0

Jul 2018

-1.1

Jun 2018

-36.7

Mar 2009

13.0

Jan 2007

% Point

monthly

Dec 1995 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-07-25
Consumer Price Index CPI Growth

4.0

Jun 2018

3.0

May 2018

-2.2

Oct 2009

479.8

Jan 1993

%

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-06
Container Port Throughput

202,327.000

2016

208,784.000

2015

130,939.000

2009

260,293.000

2014

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Current Account Balance

68.2

May 2018

33.4

Apr 2018

-387.2

Nov 2007

202.1

Nov 2012

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
Current Account Balance: % of GDP

-0.6

Mar 2018

4.2

Dec 2017

-20.4

Mar 2007

5.6

Sep 2010

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-07
Direct Investment Abroad

50.6

May 2018

48.7

Apr 2018

-2,090.3

Jul 2011

492.5

Dec 2012

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
Domestic Credit

20,534.0

Aug 2018

20,597.1

Jul 2018

110.3

Apr 1993

24,456.4

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jun 1992 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-15
Domestic Credit Growth

3.8

May 2018

3.9

Apr 2018

-6.8

Dec 2009

131.5

Jan 1997

%

monthly

Jun 1993 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-17
Electricity Production

830

May 2018

1,152

Apr 2018

442

Apr 2001

1,375

Dec 2010

GWh

monthly

Jan 2000 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-02
Employed Persons

642,046.300

Mar 2018

651,355.500

Dec 2017

541,961.300

Jun 2010

652,198.200

Mar 2008

Person

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Equity Market Index

1,215.8

Sep 2018

1,224.1

Aug 2018

121.5

Oct 2001

1,319.0

Feb 2018

03Jun1996=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Exchange Rate against USD

0.857

Sep 2018

0.866

Aug 2018

0.223

Nov 1991

1.171

Jun 2001

EUR/USD

monthly

Nov 1991 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Exports: ICT Goods

1,749,643.368

2016

1,656,033.735

2015

494,169.768

2009

2,235,284.103

2014

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-25
Exports: Medicament

84,289.240

2017

55,440.960

2016

16,934.807

2001

84,289.240

2017

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

16,729.054

2017

6,759.308

2016

1,138.958

1995

16,729.054

2017

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-11
Exports: Telecommunication Equipment

980,287.793

2017

1,666,121.340

2016

42,717.792

1995

1,998,733.534

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Exports: Television

89,146.367

2017

26,064.533

2016

1,469.883

2000

89,146.367

2017

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
External Debt

23,872.4

Mar 2018

22,980.6

Dec 2017

1,176.2

Mar 1996

28,777.5

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-07
External Debt: % of GDP

84.8

2017

90.4

2016

32.9

1996

122.1

2009

%

yearly

1996 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-07
External Debt: Short Term

7,799.6

Mar 2018

8,836.8

Dec 2017

349.9

Mar 1996

11,945.2

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-07
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

32.6

2017

41.9

2016

11.2

1996

47.1

2015

%

yearly

1996 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-07
Forecast: Consumer Price Index Growth

2.100

2023

2.100

2022

0.068

2015

47.656

1994

%

yearly

1994 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Current Account Balance

-1.100

2023

-0.880

2022

-3.336

2007

0.829

2017

USD bn

yearly

1993 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Employment

0.666

2019

0.663

2018

0.568

2010

0.704

1993

Person mn

yearly

1993 - 2019

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth

3.594

2023

3.332

2022

-23.900

2009

34.851

2010

%

yearly

1994 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: GDP PPP Per Capita

43,772.538

2023

41,692.120

2022

7,338.238

1993

43,772.538

2023

PPP Intl $

yearly

1993 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Government Expenditure

13.632

2023

12.843

2022

1.132

1995

13.632

2023

EUR bn

yearly

1995 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Government Net Debt

2.179

2023

2.163

2022

0.248

1995

2.179

2023

EUR bn

yearly

1995 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Government Revenue

13.318

2023

12.687

2022

1.125

1995

13.318

2023

EUR bn

yearly

1995 - 2023

Updated on 2018-10-09
Forecast: Nominal GDP Per Capita

34,212.342

2023

31,937.403

2022

1,150.732

1993

34,212.342

2023

USD

yearly

1993 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Population

1.285

2023

1.289

2022

1.285

2023

1.511

1993

Person mn

yearly

1993 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Real GDP Growth

2.861

2023

2.913

2022

-14.724

2009

11.799

1997

%

yearly

1994 - 2023

Updated on 2018-07-12
Forecast: Unemployment Rate

7.208

2023

7.109

2022

4.592

2007

16.707

2010

%

yearly

1993 - 2023

Updated on 2018-10-09
Foreign Direct Investment

219.7

May 2018

89.2

Apr 2018

-1,047.8

Jun 2015

763.1

Nov 2009

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2008 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-16
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

-0.7

Mar 2018

-1.9

Dec 2017

-17.0

Jun 2015

25.0

Dec 2010

%

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-07
Foreign Exchange Reserves

652.9

Sep 2018

521.8

Aug 2018

98.6

Feb 2011

4,361.6

Oct 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2001 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

0.2

May 2018

0.2

Apr 2018

0.1

Sep 2011

4.9

May 2009

NA

monthly

Jan 2001 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-10
Foreign Portfolio Investment

22.180

Mar 2018

33.445

Dec 2017

-1,273.463

Dec 2009

391.599

Jun 2012

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-07
GDP Deflator Growth

4.1

Jun 2018

4.0

Mar 2018

-3.9

Dec 2009

27.0

Jun 1996

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-08-31
GDP per Capita

20,210.197

2017

18,229.120

2016

1,155.382

1993

20,248.245

2014

USD

yearly

1993 - 2017

Updated on 2018-08-31
Gold Reserves

9.800

Sep 2018

9.815

Aug 2018

0.000

Aug 1992

28.580

Oct 1992

USD mn

monthly

Jun 1992 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-05
Government Debt: % of GDP

9.0

2017

9.4

2016

3.7

2007

10.7

2014

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-22
Gross Fixed Capital Formation

1,368.026

Mar 2018

1,753.417

Dec 2017

213.305

Mar 1995

2,288.497

Dec 2007

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Gross National Product

6,880.603

Mar 2018

7,124.119

Dec 2017

789.132

Mar 1995

7,124.119

Dec 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Gross Savings Rate

25.9

Mar 2018

28.9

Dec 2017

12.9

Mar 1997

33.8

Sep 2011

%

quarterly

Mar 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
House Prices Growth

14.4

Jun 2018

8.1

Mar 2018

-40.2

Jun 2009

57.6

Mar 2006

%

quarterly

Sep 2004 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
Household Debt

11,872.1

Mar 2018

11,306.7

Dec 2017

2,086.3

Dec 2003

12,897.1

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2003 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-07-19
Household Debt: % of GDP

41.7

2017

42.6

2016

20.2

2003

57.0

2009

%

yearly

2003 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-22
Household Expenditure per Capita

5,410.171

2016

5,256.563

2015

4,206.677

2010

5,410.171

2016

USD

yearly

2010 - 2016

Updated on 2018-05-22
Household Income per Capita

8,402.818

2016

7,796.640

2015

6,049.405

2010

8,847.648

2014

USD

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2018-05-22
Imports: ICT Goods

1,806,877.332

2016

1,763,717.853

2015

606,500.550

2002

2,321,484.641

2014

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-25
Imports: Medicament

379,335.455

2017

282,916.179

2016

35,884.066

1995

379,335.455

2017

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

85,148.901

2017

71,538.398

2016

5,525.305

1995

85,431.944

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-10
Imports: Telecommunication Equipment

355,684.497

2017

846,055.187

2016

88,413.985

1995

1,189,600.296

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-10-10
Imports: Television

130,831.274

2017

92,956.789

2016

8,663.633

1995

130,831.274

2017

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-07-09
Industrial Production Index Growth

5.7

Aug 2018

3.9

Jul 2018

-31.8

Apr 2009

36.9

Oct 2010

%

monthly

Jan 1999 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Investment: % of GDP

25.5

Mar 2018

26.7

Dec 2017

18.0

Jun 2009

43.1

Dec 2006

%

quarterly

Mar 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Labour Force Participation Rate

63.2

Mar 2018

63.9

Dec 2017

56.9

Jun 2002

63.9

Dec 2017

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-15
Labour Productivity Growth

0.99

Jun 2018

2.35

Mar 2018

-11.13

Dec 2008

13.06

Dec 1997

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-18
Liner Shipping Connectivity Index

8.380

2017

6.600

2016

5.310

2015

8.380

2017

2004=100

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2017-09-29
Liquid Assets Ratio

25.7

Jun 2018

26.0

May 2018

16.0

May 2007

54.3

Feb 1993

%

monthly

Feb 1993 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-24
M2 Growth

10.6

Aug 2018

10.0

Jul 2018

-1.5

Aug 2009

46.0

Jan 2006

%

monthly

Jan 1998 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-28
Market Capitalization: % of GDP

11.2

2017

10.8

2016

7.4

2011

47.0

2004

%

yearly

2000 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-22
Minerals Production

15,857,700.000

2016

19,616,000.000

2015

12,604,900.000

2009

20,995,000.000

2014

Metric Ton

yearly

2009 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-26
Money Supply M1

15,313.505

Jun 2018

15,511.776

May 2018

241.232

Feb 1993

15,511.776

May 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-27
Money Supply M2

18,281.139

Jun 2018

18,361.119

May 2018

262.922

Feb 1993

18,361.119

May 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-27
Monthly Earnings

1,526

Mar 2018

1,496

Dec 2017

321

Mar 2002

1,526

Mar 2018

USD

quarterly

Mar 2002 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-07
Motor Vehicle Registered

783.200

2015

754.200

2014

585.200

2005

783.200

2015

Unit th

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2017-06-27
Motor Vehicle Sales: Commercial Cars

5,434.396

Dec 2017

4,972.000

Dec 2016

1,398.000

Jun 2012

6,568.000

Dec 2007

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Motor Vehicle Sales: Passenger Cars

24,985.906

Dec 2017

22,429.000

Dec 2016

8,923.000

Jun 2012

30,912.000

Dec 2007

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Motor Vehicles Sales

30,420

2017

27,401

2016

11,489

2009

37,480

2007

Unit

yearly

2005 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-22
Motor Vehicles Sales Growth

11.0

2017

10.0

2016

-60.4

2009

66.7

2011

%

yearly

2006 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-22
National Government Debt

2,514.0

Mar 2018

2,432.7

Dec 2017

270.5

Jun 2001

2,796.4

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-22
New Orders Growth

-16.6

Aug 2018

-12.8

Jul 2018

-45.4

Dec 2011

404.8

Dec 2010

%

monthly

Jan 2001 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-10-02
Nominal GDP

7,411.9

Mar 2018

6,969.8

Dec 2017

842.8

Mar 1995

7,411.9

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Nominal GDP Growth

8.003

Mar 2018

8.730

Dec 2017

-17.111

Jun 2009

34.056

Sep 1996

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Nominal Residential Property Price Index

177.560

Dec 2017

175.360

Sep 2017

79.180

Mar 2005

177.560

Dec 2017

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Nominal Residential Property Price Index Growth

4.900

Dec 2017

4.780

Sep 2017

-42.190

Sep 2009

52.270

Mar 2006

%

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Non Performing Loans Ratio

0.5

Aug 2018

0.6

Jul 2018

0.1

Jan 2007

6.5

Aug 2010

%

monthly

Dec 2000 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-25
Non-Performing Loans

121.812

Jun 2018

122.605

May 2018

17.320

Dec 2005

1,306.771

Oct 2009

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2000 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-24
Number of Subscriber Fixed Line

370,589.000

2016

387,607.000

2015

120,000.000

1975

522,816.000

2000

Unit

yearly

1975 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Number of Subscriber Mobile

1,897,921.000

2016

1,903,545.000

2015

0.000

1990

1,999,750.000

2012

Person

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Policy Rate

0.00

Sep 2018

0.00

Aug 2018

0.00

Sep 2018

4.75

Apr 2001

% pa

monthly

Jan 1999 - Sep 2018

Updated on 2018-10-01
Population

1.3

2017

1.3

2016

1.3

2014

1.4

1999

Person mn

yearly

1999 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-13
Private Consumption Expenditure

3,669.909

Mar 2018

3,559.938

Dec 2017

442.782

Mar 1995

3,669.909

Mar 2018

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Private Consumption: % of GDP

52.6

Mar 2018

49.2

Dec 2017

47.9

Sep 2011

61.9

Mar 1997

%

quarterly

Mar 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Producer Price Index Growth

3.4

Aug 2018

3.2

Jul 2018

-3.1

Jun 2014

39.2

Jan 1995

%

monthly

Jan 1995 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-20
Public Consumption Expenditure

1,422.712

Mar 2018

1,595.954

Dec 2017

215.097

Sep 1997

1,595.954

Dec 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Public Consumption: % of GDP

20.4

Mar 2018

22.1

Dec 2017

13.5

Sep 2006

29.1

Dec 1994

%

quarterly

Mar 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Real Effective Exchange Rate

120.9

Jun 2018

120.9

May 2018

43.6

Jan 1993

121.2

Apr 2018

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-09
Real GDP Growth

3.8

Mar 2018

5.1

Dec 2017

-17.5

Sep 2009

12.5

Dec 1997

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-31
Real Residential Property Price Index

152.570

Dec 2017

150.840

Sep 2017

90.850

Dec 2009

198.300

Jun 2007

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Real Residential Property Price Index Growth

1.050

Dec 2017

1.010

Sep 2017

-41.570

Sep 2009

45.870

Mar 2006

%

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Reserve Requirement Ratio

1.0

Jul 2018

1.0

Jun 2018

1.0

Jul 2018

2.0

Dec 2011

%

monthly

Jan 1999 - Jul 2018

Updated on 2018-07-20
Retail Sales Growth

-1.0

Jun 2018

0.0

Mar 2018

-17.0

Sep 2009

22.0

Mar 2007

%

quarterly

Mar 2002 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-09-18
Short Term Interest Rate

-0.32

Jun 2018

-0.32

May 2018

-0.33

Oct 2017

5.28

Sep 2008

% pa

monthly

Dec 1998 - Jun 2018

Updated on 2018-07-03
Tax Revenue

1,505.276

Mar 2018

1,644.071

Dec 2017

274.522

Mar 2000

1,644.071

Dec 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-06-22
Teledensity: Fixed Line

28.237

2016

29.469

2015

8.439

1975

37.368

2000

Number

yearly

1975 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Teledensity: Mobile

144.610

2016

144.721

2015

0.000

1990

150.932

2012

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Total Deposits

20,532.183

Aug 2018

20,609.536

Jul 2018

652.525

Jan 1997

21,218.013

Feb 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1997 - Aug 2018

Updated on 2018-09-25
Total Exports

1,458.8

May 2018

1,464.2

Apr 2018

38.3

Feb 1993

1,609.1

May 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-10
Total Exports Growth

7.5

May 2018

16.2

Apr 2018

-37.1

Apr 2009

130.2

Feb 1994

%

monthly

Jan 1994 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-10
Total Imports

1,712.6

May 2018

1,680.5

Apr 2018

37.1

Jan 1993

1,727.7

Oct 2012

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-10
Total Imports Growth

11.4

May 2018

13.0

Apr 2018

-41.2

May 2009

229.1

Jan 1994

%

monthly

Jan 1994 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-10
Tourism Revenue

1,896

2016

1,843

2015

452

1995

2,231

2014

USD mn

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2018-05-22
Tourism Revenue Growth

2.9

2016

-17.4

2015

-33.7

2009

57.2

2013

%

yearly

1996 - 2016

Updated on 2018-05-22
Trade Balance

-253.8

May 2018

-216.2

Apr 2018

-475.6

Apr 2007

22.6

Feb 2010

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1993 - May 2018

Updated on 2018-07-10
Unemployment Rate

6.80

Mar 2018

5.30

Dec 2017

4.00

Jun 2008

19.50

Mar 2010

%

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-22
Visitor Arrivals

2,156,147

2017

2,056,526

2016

402,968

1996

2,156,147

2017

Person

yearly

1996 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-07
Visitor Arrivals Growth

4.8

2017

6.6

2016

-3.7

2009

34.1

1997

%

yearly

1997 - 2017

Updated on 2018-06-07
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