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Estonia Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

2002 - 2017 | Quarterly | % | CEIC

Estonia’s Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP was reported at 0.90 % in Dec 2017. This records a decrease from the previous number of 0.91 % for Sep 2017. Estonia’s Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP data is updated quarterly, averaging 12.02 % from Sep 2002 to Dec 2017, with 62 observations. The data reached an all-time high of 19.91 % in Jun 2010 and a record low of 0.46 % in Dec 2011. Estonia’s Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP data remains active status in CEIC and is generated by CEIC. The data is categorized under World Trend Plus’s Global Economic Monitor – Table: Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of Nominal GDP: Europe and Central Asia. CEIC calculates quarterly Foreign Exchange Reserves as % of Nominal GDP from monthly Foreign Exchange Reserves and quarterly Nominal GDP. The Bank of Estonia provides Foreign Exchange Reserves in EUR. Statistics Estonia provides Nominal GDP in EUR. Estonia joined the Euro Area on January 1st, 2011 with fixed conversion rate of 1 EUR = 15.6466 EEK. This explains the drop in foreign currency and total reserve assets.

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What was Estonia's Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP in Dec 2017?

Last

0.90

Dec 2017
Previous

0.91

Sep 2017
Min

0.46

Dec 2011
Max

19.91

Jun 2010
Unit

%

Frequency

quarterly

Range

Sep 2002 - Dec 2017

Updated on 14 Mar 2018
Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

0.90

Dec 2017

0.91

Sep 2017

0.46

Dec 2011

19.91

Jun 2010

%

quarterly

Sep 2002 - Dec 2017

Updated on 14 Mar 2018

View Estonia's Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP from Sep 2002 to Dec 2017 in the chart:

Estonia Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

Series Details
Series ID

384177227

Name

Estonia Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

Country

Estonia

Frequency

Quarterly

Unit

%

Status

Active

Source

CEIC Generated

First Date

Sep 2002

Last Date

Dec 2017

Last Updated

14 Mar 2018

Statistics
Mean

8.40

Variance

48.53

Standard deviation

6.97

Skewness

-0.04

Kurtosis

-1.81

Coefficient variation

0.83

Median

12.02

Max
Jun 2010

19.91

Min
Dec 2011

0.46

Previous observation
Sep 2017

0.91

Last observation
Dec 2017

0.90

Number of Observations

62

Get This Data

More Countries/Regions for Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

Country/Region Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Albania

25.36

Dec 2017

24.15

Sep 2017

16.06

Mar 2009

25.50

Mar 2016

%

quarterly

Dec 2008 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-22
Algeria

56.38

2017

71.00

2016

1.17

1990

107.30

2009

%

yearly

1968 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Argentina

7.90

Dec 2017

7.27

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3.21

Dec 2015

16.16

Jun 2007

%

quarterly

Dec 2004 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Armenia

19.94

Dec 2017

18.99

Sep 2017

12.80

Dec 2014

20.77

Dec 2016

%

quarterly

Dec 2013 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Australia

4.19

Dec 2017

3.47

Sep 2017

0.68

Sep 1980

9.10

Dec 1972

%

quarterly

Sep 1969 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-26
Austria

1.54

Dec 2017

1.51

Sep 2017

1.15

Dec 2009

9.56

Dec 1998

%

quarterly

Dec 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Azerbaijan

15.83

Dec 2017

16.59

Sep 2017

7.85

Mar 2006

21.55

Mar 2014

%

quarterly

Dec 2001 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Bahrain

9.94

Sep 2017

4.89

Jun 2017

4.65

Sep 2016

23.83

Mar 2008

%

quarterly

Dec 2007 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Bangladesh

12.65

2017

12.75

2016

4.74

2006

12.75

2016

%

yearly

2006 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Belarus

8.01

Mar 2018

8.91

Dec 2017

2.90

Mar 2011

9.23

Jun 2012

%

quarterly

Dec 2009 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-20
Belgium

1.92

Dec 2017

1.88

Sep 2017

1.45

Sep 2008

3.66

Dec 2001

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-27
Bolivia

21.86

Dec 2017

22.12

Sep 2017

5.17

Mar 2003

43.27

Sep 2009

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
Bosnia and Herzegovina

32.78

Dec 2017

32.11

Sep 2017

21.98

Jun 2012

32.78

Dec 2017

%

quarterly

Dec 2008 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Botswana

45.75

Dec 2017

43.79

Sep 2017

43.00

Mar 2017

124.15

Dec 1998

%

quarterly

Jun 1994 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-08
Brazil

18.01

Mar 2018

17.78

Dec 2017

4.95

Dec 2000

20.20

Sep 2016

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-27
Brunei

24.24

Dec 2017

23.38

Sep 2017

15.77

Mar 2014

28.71

Jun 2016

%

quarterly

Dec 2013 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-30
Bulgaria

42.46

Dec 2017

44.66

Sep 2017

25.30

Sep 2003

44.82

Dec 2016

%

quarterly

Sep 2003 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Cambodia

41.14

2016

37.39

2015

0.34

1993

41.14

2016

%

yearly

1993 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-20
Canada

4.63

Dec 2017

4.59

Sep 2017

2.52

Dec 2006

4.87

Sep 2016

%

quarterly

Jun 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
Chile

13.68

Dec 2017

13.66

Sep 2017

9.58

Mar 2007

22.89

Mar 2003

%

quarterly

Dec 1996 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
China

24.60

Mar 2018

25.60

Dec 2017

3.43

Sep 1993

47.45

Mar 2011

%

quarterly

Dec 1992 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-20
Colombia

14.71

Dec 2017

15.09

Sep 2017

8.43

Dec 2000

16.76

Jun 2016

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Croatia

33.35

Dec 2017

32.17

Sep 2017

15.42

Mar 2001

33.35

Dec 2017

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Cyprus

0.31

Dec 2017

0.33

Sep 2017

0.10

Jun 2013

26.75

Mar 2002

%

quarterly

Mar 2002 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-04
Czech Republic

67.29

Dec 2017

70.60

Sep 2017

15.00

Sep 2008

71.27

Jun 2017

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-30
Denmark

20.27

Dec 2017

20.19

Sep 2017

8.38

Sep 2008

36.06

Mar 2015

%

quarterly

Mar 2002 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-24
Ecuador

1.57

Dec 2017

1.15

Sep 2017

0.54

Dec 2012

9.50

Sep 2008

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-27
Egypt

13.93

Dec 2017

14.00

Sep 2017

2.74

Mar 2013

21.64

Mar 2008

%

quarterly

Dec 2004 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Estonia

0.90

Dec 2017

0.91

Sep 2017

0.46

Dec 2011

19.91

Jun 2010

%

quarterly

Sep 2002 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-14
European Union

1.46

Dec 2017

1.47

Sep 2017

1.04

Jun 2008

2.70

Sep 2000

%

quarterly

Dec 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Finland

2.38

Dec 2017

2.45

Sep 2017

1.97

Dec 2010

6.08

Sep 2000

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
France

1.62

Mar 2018

1.50

Dec 2017

0.82

Mar 2009

1.81

Dec 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2004 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-30
Georgia

18.66

Dec 2017

18.94

Sep 2017

2.98

Jun 1999

20.61

Mar 2011

%

quarterly

Dec 1996 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-30
Germany

0.96

Dec 2017

1.00

Sep 2017

0.96

Dec 2017

5.54

Sep 1992

%

quarterly

Dec 1991 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-27
Greece

1.07

Dec 2017

1.08

Sep 2017

0.01

Dec 2011

1.14

Mar 2004

%

quarterly

Mar 2004 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Hong Kong

126.21

Dec 2017

124.43

Sep 2017

57.32

Jun 2000

126.21

Dec 2017

%

quarterly

Jun 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Hungary

19.62

Dec 2017

19.19

Sep 2017

15.19

Sep 2008

37.91

Jun 2011

%

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-27
Iceland

25.43

Dec 2017

25.51

Sep 2017

3.76

Mar 2003

55.27

Dec 2011

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-02
India

15.27

Dec 2017

15.45

Sep 2017

13.34

Sep 2013

16.07

Jun 2015

%

quarterly

Mar 2012 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-30
Indonesia

11.61

Mar 2018

12.22

Dec 2017

9.62

Sep 2013

13.68

Jun 2011

%

quarterly

Dec 2010 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-07
Ireland

0.59

Dec 2017

0.56

Sep 2017

0.00

Jun 2013

5.36

Jun 1999

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Israel

31.83

Dec 2017

32.20

Sep 2017

15.57

Jun 2008

32.25

Jun 2017

%

quarterly

Dec 2001 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-24
Italy

1.88

Dec 2017

1.91

Sep 2017

1.11

Mar 2008

2.16

Sep 2000

%

quarterly

Dec 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Ivory Coast

0.01

2017

0.01

2016

0.01

2016

10.20

1978

%

yearly

1962 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Japan

24.68

Dec 2017

24.64

Sep 2017

17.78

Jun 2011

27.00

Mar 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-26
Jordan

33.12

Dec 2017

30.46

Sep 2017

11.58

Jun 1993

51.70

Sep 2003

%

quarterly

Dec 1992 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Kazakhstan

10.95

Dec 2017

12.72

Sep 2017

8.16

Sep 2013

23.42

Mar 2007

%

quarterly

Dec 2002 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-30
Kenya

9.78

Dec 2017

10.60

Sep 2017

9.53

Sep 2011

14.60

Jun 2014

%

quarterly

Dec 2009 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-26
South Korea

24.75

Dec 2017

25.02

Sep 2017

3.52

Dec 1997

29.11

Dec 2009

%

quarterly

Mar 1971 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-30
Kosovo

13.04

Dec 2017

15.19

Sep 2017

8.79

Mar 2015

15.19

Sep 2017

%

quarterly

Dec 2010 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-24
Kuwait

26.17

2017

26.12

2016

1.43

1967

28.36

1991

%

yearly

1964 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Kyrgyzstan

21.53

Dec 2017

21.90

Sep 2017

14.05

Sep 2001

30.83

Mar 2011

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-25
Laos

6.81

2014

5.96

2013

5.96

2013

12.27

2007

%

yearly

2002 - 2014

Updated on 2018-04-20
Latvia

12.94

Dec 2017

11.86

Sep 2017

9.44

Sep 2016

30.82

Sep 2010

%

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-01
Lebanon

77.72

2015

81.99

2014

51.64

2007

83.53

2012

%

yearly

2004 - 2015

Updated on 2018-04-25
Lithuania

7.99

Dec 2017

3.45

Sep 2017

1.80

Mar 2015

18.93

Dec 2007

%

quarterly

Dec 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Luxembourg

0.26

Dec 2017

0.27

Sep 2017

0.00

Mar 1999

1.10

Sep 2008

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Macau

40.05

Dec 2017

40.03

Sep 2017

28.11

Jun 2014

92.69

Dec 2011

%

quarterly

Dec 2001 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-08
Macedonia

20.80

Dec 2017

20.36

Sep 2017

11.38

Dec 2000

26.18

Sep 2014

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Malawi

10.42

2015

9.88

2014

2.32

2009

10.42

2015

%

yearly

2002 - 2015

Updated on 2018-04-20
Malaysia

31.40

Dec 2017

31.96

Sep 2017

28.63

Sep 2015

46.06

Jun 2011

%

quarterly

Dec 2010 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-30
Malta

5.00

Dec 2017

5.00

Sep 2017

2.18

Jun 2010

48.38

Dec 2003

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Mauritius

40.71

Dec 2017

37.96

Sep 2017

17.27

Dec 2008

40.71

Dec 2017

%

quarterly

Dec 2006 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Mexico

14.29

Dec 2017

14.63

Sep 2017

4.84

Jun 2000

15.75

Mar 2017

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-27
Moldova

34.10

Dec 2017

34.19

Sep 2017

13.12

Jun 2004

35.37

Dec 2013

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Mongolia

24.87

Dec 2017

13.07

Sep 2017

8.58

Sep 2016

31.45

Dec 2012

%

quarterly

Dec 2010 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Montenegro

21.36

Dec 2017

19.02

Sep 2017

7.21

Jun 2012

22.95

Mar 2016

%

quarterly

Dec 2010 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Morocco

21.47

Dec 2017

20.30

Sep 2017

14.98

Sep 2012

28.56

Dec 2007

%

quarterly

Dec 2007 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-03
Nepal

36.23

2017

39.23

2016

15.88

2011

39.23

2016

%

yearly

2002 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-25
Netherlands

0.57

Dec 2017

0.59

Sep 2017

0.57

Dec 2017

1.83

Sep 2000

%

quarterly

Sep 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
New Zealand

9.61

Dec 2017

9.88

Sep 2017

6.40

Sep 2005

13.46

Jun 2008

%

quarterly

Sep 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Nigeria

10.57

Dec 2017

9.06

Sep 2017

5.29

Mar 2015

10.57

Dec 2017

%

quarterly

Dec 2010 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Norway

15.77

Dec 2017

15.36

Sep 2017

9.00

Dec 2012

16.24

Jun 2017

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-26
Oman

21.94

Dec 2017

23.48

Sep 2017

13.50

Dec 2006

32.08

Jun 2016

%

quarterly

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Pakistan

5.56

2017

6.31

2016

1.66

2001

10.68

2003

%

yearly

2000 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-30
Panama

3.95

Dec 2017

4.62

Sep 2017

3.95

Dec 2017

10.65

Mar 2009

%

quarterly

Dec 2007 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-25
Paraguay

24.58

Sep 2017

25.67

Jun 2017

4.84

Mar 1998

25.67

Jun 2017

%

quarterly

Dec 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-04-30
Peru

28.18

Dec 2017

29.38

Sep 2017

2.65

Dec 1990

32.42

Mar 2013

%

quarterly

Dec 1990 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-07
Philippines

22.84

Dec 2017

23.02

Sep 2017

14.18

Sep 2004

30.11

Sep 2011

%

quarterly

Jun 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-07
Poland

20.49

Dec 2017

21.17

Sep 2017

11.04

Dec 2008

23.25

Dec 2016

%

quarterly

Dec 2002 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Portugal

3.77

Dec 2017

4.26

Sep 2017

0.15

Dec 2011

7.86

Mar 2002

%

quarterly

Dec 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Qatar

7.86

Dec 2017

9.11

Sep 2017

7.86

Dec 2017

24.07

Dec 2010

%

quarterly

Dec 2010 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Romania

17.22

Dec 2017

17.60

Sep 2017

17.22

Dec 2017

26.34

Jun 2011

%

quarterly

Jun 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Russia

21.97

Dec 2017

22.46

Sep 2017

15.75

Dec 2014

25.48

Sep 2016

%

quarterly

Dec 2011 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Saudi Arabia

70.98

Dec 2017

70.22

Sep 2017

27.52

Dec 2003

95.42

Sep 2015

%

quarterly

Dec 2003 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-24
Serbia

25.15

Dec 2017

27.62

Sep 2017

13.59

Mar 2004

35.91

Dec 2006

%

quarterly

Mar 2004 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Singapore

85.68

Dec 2017

86.04

Sep 2017

77.20

Jun 2001

101.28

Mar 2004

%

quarterly

Jun 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-27
Slovakia

1.62

Dec 2017

1.43

Sep 2017

0.02

Dec 2012

35.91

Mar 2005

%

quarterly

Dec 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-30
Slovenia

0.68

Dec 2017

0.72

Sep 2017

0.43

Mar 2013

27.85

Dec 2002

%

quarterly

Dec 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-24
South Africa

12.22

Dec 2017

12.12

Sep 2017

3.48

Dec 2003

13.50

Sep 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Spain

3.70

Dec 2017

3.58

Sep 2017

0.61

Jun 2008

11.59

Dec 1997

%

quarterly

Dec 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Sri Lanka

7.98

Dec 2017

7.34

Sep 2017

5.01

Mar 2017

11.70

Jun 2011

%

quarterly

Dec 2010 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-30
Sudan

0.00

2016

0.00

2015

0.00

2016

17.34

1960

%

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-20
Sweden

9.91

Dec 2017

10.16

Sep 2017

4.76

Mar 2009

10.39

Sep 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Switzerland

112.28

Dec 2017

111.01

Sep 2017

7.91

Sep 2008

112.28

Dec 2017

%

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-14
Syria

31.63

2010

31.36

2009

0.52

2004

61.46

2005

%

yearly

1990 - 2010

Updated on 2018-04-25
Taiwan

78.16

Mar 2018

78.69

Dec 2017

24.31

Sep 1984

88.62

Dec 2009

%

quarterly

Sep 1984 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-27
Tajikistan

8.60

Dec 2017

8.66

Sep 2017

0.29

Mar 2016

9.86

Sep 2001

%

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Thailand

42.56

Dec 2017

43.32

Sep 2017

16.21

Sep 1997

49.16

Mar 2011

%

quarterly

Dec 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Tunisia

13.44

Dec 2017

13.96

Sep 2017

6.58

Mar 2002

23.17

Sep 2009

%

quarterly

Dec 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-23
Turkey

9.69

Dec 2017

10.63

Sep 2017

6.54

Jun 2001

11.93

Mar 2007

%

quarterly

Jun 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Ukraine

13.88

Dec 2017

13.86

Sep 2017

4.92

Dec 2014

25.73

Sep 2010

%

quarterly

Dec 2001 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
United Arab Emirates

24.20

2016

25.86

2015

2.75

1977

29.92

2007

%

yearly

1973 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-23
United Kingdom

4.88

Dec 2017

4.80

Sep 2017

1.24

Mar 2009

4.88

Dec 2017

%

quarterly

Sep 1999 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-27
United States

0.23

Mar 2018

0.22

Dec 2017

0.00

Dec 1974

0.87

Dec 1990

%

quarterly

Mar 1961 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-27
Uruguay

26.28

Dec 2017

25.58

Sep 2017

15.71

Dec 2006

31.78

Jun 2015

%

quarterly

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-24
Venezuela

0.53

2015

0.77

2014

0.53

2015

18.69

2003

%

yearly

1997 - 2015

Updated on 2018-04-30
Vietnam

21.75

2017

17.62

2016

6.37

1995

30.36

2007

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-24
Yemen

14.50

2013

18.13

2012

0.62

1993

36.75

2003

%

yearly

1991 - 2013

Updated on 2018-04-20

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Indicator Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
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8,909.59

2016

8,047.29

2015

2,256.80

1995

90,153.84

2008

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-27
Bank Lending Rate

2.46

Mar 2018

2.53

Feb 2018

2.03

Sep 2017

12.13

Feb 1999

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monthly

Jan 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-24
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0.7

Mar 2018

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Mar 2009

31.3

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monthly

May 2002 - Apr 2018

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11.7

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12.0

Mar 2018

-40.0

Dec 2008

27.0

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monthly

May 2001 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-04-26
CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

3.35

Apr 2018

3.87

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Dec 2009

18.95

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Updated on 2018-05-08
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

-0.3

2017

-0.3

2016

-3.3

1999

2.9

2006

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-26
Consumer Confidence Growth

2.0

Apr 2018

2.1

Mar 2018

-26.3

Feb 2008

25.1

Jun 2010

% Point

monthly

Dec 1996 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-04-26
Consumer Confidence: Net Balance

-1.5

Apr 2018

0.1

Mar 2018

-36.7

Mar 2009

13.0

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monthly

Dec 1995 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-04-26
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2.9

Apr 2018

2.8

Mar 2018

-2.2

Oct 2009

479.8

Jan 1993

%

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-08
Container Port Throughput

202,327.00

2016

208,784.00

2015

130,939.00

2009

260,293.00

2014

TEU

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-25
Current Account Balance

21.6

Feb 2018

-13.3

Jan 2018

-387.2

Nov 2007

202.1

Nov 2012

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-13
Current Account Balance: % of GDP

4.5

Dec 2017

4.6

Sep 2017

-20.4

Mar 2007

5.6

Sep 2010

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Direct Investment Abroad

-1.4

Feb 2018

-37.9

Jan 2018

-2,090.3

Jul 2011

492.5

Dec 2012

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-13
Domestic Credit

21,380.3

Feb 2018

21,011.8

Jan 2018

110.3

Apr 1993

24,456.4

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jun 1992 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-09
Domestic Credit Growth

3.8

Feb 2018

1.8

Jan 2018

-6.8

Dec 2009

131.5

Jan 1997

%

monthly

Jun 1993 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-09
Electricity Production

1,321

Mar 2018

1,090

Feb 2018

442

Apr 2001

1,375

Dec 2010

GWh

monthly

Jan 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-30
Employed Persons

652,778.20

Dec 2017

642,256.70

Sep 2017

541,879.20

Jun 2010

652,778.20

Dec 2017

Person

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-14
Equity Market Index

1,253.2

Apr 2018

1,269.2

Mar 2018

121.5

Oct 2001

1,319.0

Feb 2018

03Jun1996=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-04-30
Exchange Rate against USD

0.815

Apr 2018

0.811

Mar 2018

0.223

Nov 1991

1.171

Jun 2001

EUR/USD

monthly

Nov 1991 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-01
Exports: ICT Goods

1,749,643.37

2016

1,656,033.74

2015

494,169.77

2009

2,235,284.10

2014

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-25
Exports: Medicament

67,998.41

2016

61,358.15

2015

16,934.81

2001

67,998.41

2016

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-10-27
Exports: Telecommunication Equipment

1,446,183.69

2016

1,453,058.62

2015

42,717.79

1995

1,998,733.53

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-15
Exports: Television

72,603.95

2016

37,346.88

2015

1,469.88

2000

72,603.95

2016

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-15
External Debt

22,628.1

Dec 2017

22,374.9

Sep 2017

1,176.2

Mar 1996

28,777.5

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-14
External Debt: % of GDP

83.5

2017

90.4

2016

32.9

1996

122.1

2009

%

yearly

1996 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-14
External Debt: Short Term

8,808.9

Dec 2017

8,749.0

Sep 2017

349.9

Mar 1996

11,945.2

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-14
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP

32.5

2017

41.9

2016

11.2

1996

47.1

2015

%

yearly

1996 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-14
Forecast: Consumer Price Index Growth

2.10

2023

2.10

2022

0.07

2015

47.66

1994

%

yearly

1994 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Current Account Balance

-1.10

2023

-0.88

2022

-3.34

2007

0.83

2017

USD bn

yearly

1993 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Employment

0.67

2019

0.66

2018

0.57

2010

0.70

1993

Person mn

yearly

1993 - 2019

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth

3.59

2023

3.33

2022

-23.90

2009

34.85

2010

%

yearly

1994 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: GDP PPP Per Capita

43,772.54

2023

41,692.12

2022

7,338.24

1993

43,772.54

2023

PPP Intl $

yearly

1993 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Government Expenditure

13.63

2023

12.84

2022

1.13

1995

13.63

2023

EUR bn

yearly

1995 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Government Net Debt

2.18

2023

2.16

2022

0.25

1995

2.18

2023

EUR bn

yearly

1995 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Government Revenue

13.62

2023

12.84

2022

1.13

1995

13.62

2023

EUR bn

yearly

1995 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Nominal GDP Per Capita

34,212.34

2023

31,937.40

2022

1,150.73

1993

34,212.34

2023

USD

yearly

1993 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Population

1.28

2023

1.29

2022

1.28

2023

1.51

1993

Person mn

yearly

1993 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Real GDP Growth

2.86

2023

2.91

2022

-14.72

2009

11.80

1997

%

yearly

1994 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Forecast: Unemployment Rate

6.08

2023

6.25

2022

4.59

2007

16.71

2010

%

yearly

1993 - 2023

Updated on 2018-04-17
Foreign Direct Investment

64.4

Feb 2018

-12.8

Jan 2018

-1,047.8

Jun 2015

763.1

Nov 2009

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2008 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-13
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

-3.8

Dec 2017

9.2

Sep 2017

-17.0

Jun 2015

25.0

Dec 2010

%

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-14
Foreign Exchange Reserves

312.9

Apr 2018

310.2

Mar 2018

98.6

Feb 2011

4,361.6

Oct 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2001 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-07
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

0.2

Feb 2018

0.2

Jan 2018

0.1

Sep 2011

4.9

May 2009

NA

monthly

Jan 2001 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-10
Foreign Portfolio Investment

32.15

Dec 2017

16.23

Sep 2017

-1,273.46

Dec 2009

391.60

Jun 2012

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-14
GDP Deflator Growth

3.2

Dec 2017

4.4

Sep 2017

-3.9

Dec 2009

27.0

Jun 1996

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-14
GDP per Capita

19,688.94

2017

17,737.84

2016

1,155.38

1993

19,950.61

2014

USD

yearly

1993 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-14
Gold Reserves

11.04

Apr 2018

10.98

Mar 2018

0.00

Aug 1992

28.58

Oct 1992

USD mn

monthly

Jun 1992 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-07
Government Debt: % of GDP

9.0

2017

9.4

2016

3.7

2007

10.7

2014

%

yearly

1995 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-26
Gross Fixed Capital Formation

1,753.42

Dec 2017

1,504.99

Sep 2017

213.31

Mar 1995

2,288.50

Dec 2007

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-14
Gross National Product

7,115.36

Dec 2017

6,658.88

Sep 2017

789.13

Mar 1995

7,115.36

Dec 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-14
Gross Savings Rate

28.7

Dec 2017

28.9

Sep 2017

12.9

Mar 1997

33.8

Sep 2011

%

quarterly

Mar 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-14
House Prices Growth

7.9

Mar 2018

8.3

Dec 2017

-40.3

Jun 2009

57.6

Mar 2006

%

quarterly

Sep 2004 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-02
Household Debt

11,306.7

Dec 2017

11,078.8

Sep 2017

2,086.3

Dec 2003

12,897.1

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Dec 2003 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Household Debt: % of GDP

41.7

2017

42.6

2016

20.2

2003

57.0

2009

%

yearly

2003 - 2017

Updated on 2018-04-20
Household Expenditure per Capita

5,410.17

2016

5,256.56

2015

4,206.68

2010

5,410.17

2016

USD

yearly

2010 - 2016

Updated on 2018-03-12
Household Income per Capita

8,402.82

2016

7,796.64

2015

6,049.41

2010

8,847.65

2014

USD

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2018-03-14
Imports: ICT Goods

1,806,877.33

2016

1,763,717.85

2015

606,500.55

2002

2,321,484.64

2014

USD th

yearly

2000 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-25
Imports: Medicament

935.77

2016

2,448.51

2015

250.65

2009

3,397.42

2012

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-16
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product

2,831.87

2016

2,533.86

2015

253.27

2000

2,831.87

2016

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-16
Imports: Telecommunication Equipment

883,044.59

2016

926,527.73

2015

88,413.99

1995

1,192,123.92

2014

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-15
Imports: Television

115,912.08

2016

99,534.03

2015

8,663.63

1995

116,871.11

2008

USD th

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2017-06-15
Industrial Production Index Growth

7.5

Mar 2018

3.0

Feb 2018

-31.8

Apr 2009

36.9

Oct 2010

%

monthly

Jan 1999 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-30
Investment: % of GDP

26.7

Dec 2017

25.0

Sep 2017

18.0

Jun 2009

43.1

Dec 2006

%

quarterly

Mar 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-14
Labour Force Participation Rate

63.9

Dec 2017

63.8

Sep 2017

56.9

Jun 2002

63.9

Dec 2017

%

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-02-14
Labour Productivity Growth

-0.63

Dec 2017

1.63

Sep 2017

-11.13

Dec 2008

13.06

Dec 1997

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-14
Liner Shipping Connectivity Index

8.38

2017

6.60

2016

5.31

2015

8.38

2017

2004=100

yearly

2004 - 2017

Updated on 2017-09-29
Liquid Assets Ratio

24.6

Mar 2018

26.2

Feb 2018

16.0

May 2007

54.3

Feb 1993

%

monthly

Feb 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-08
M2 Growth

5.3

Mar 2018

6.4

Feb 2018

-1.5

Aug 2009

46.0

Jan 2006

%

monthly

Jan 1998 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-27
Market Capitalization: % of GDP

11.2

2017

10.8

2016

7.4

2011

47.0

2004

%

yearly

2000 - 2017

Updated on 2018-05-22
Minerals Production

15,857,700.00

2016

19,616,000.00

2015

12,604,900.00

2009

20,995,000.00

2014

Metric Ton

yearly

2009 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-26
Money Supply M1

15,225.09

Mar 2018

15,152.29

Feb 2018

241.23

Feb 1993

15,225.09

Mar 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-27
Money Supply M2

18,050.81

Mar 2018

18,046.02

Feb 2018

262.92

Feb 1993

18,050.81

Mar 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-27
Monthly Earnings

1,496

Dec 2017

1,411

Sep 2017

321

Mar 2002

1,496

Dec 2017

USD

quarterly

Mar 2002 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-12
Motor Vehicle Registered

783.20

2015

754.20

2014

585.20

2005

783.20

2015

Unit th

yearly

2005 - 2015

Updated on 2017-06-27
Motor Vehicle Sales: Commercial Cars

5,434.40

Dec 2017

4,972.00

Dec 2016

1,398.00

Jun 2012

6,568.00

Dec 2007

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Motor Vehicle Sales: Passenger Cars

24,985.91

Dec 2017

22,429.00

Dec 2016

8,923.00

Jun 2012

30,912.00

Dec 2007

Unit

semiannually

Dec 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-08
Motor Vehicles Sales

30,420

2017

27,401

2016

11,489

2009

37,480

2007

Unit

yearly

2005 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-14
Motor Vehicles Sales Growth

11.0

2017

10.0

2016

-60.4

2009

66.7

2011

%

yearly

2006 - 2017

Updated on 2018-03-14
National Government Debt

2,432.7

Dec 2017

2,348.3

Sep 2017

270.5

Jun 2001

2,796.4

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-26
New Orders Growth

-2.7

Mar 2018

-14.6

Feb 2018

-45.4

Dec 2011

404.8

Dec 2010

%

monthly

Jan 2001 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-02
Nominal GDP

6,966.0

Dec 2017

6,790.6

Sep 2017

842.8

Mar 1995

6,966.0

Dec 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-14
Nominal GDP Growth

8.71

Dec 2017

9.11

Sep 2017

-17.11

Jun 2009

34.06

Sep 1996

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-14
Nominal Residential Property Price Index

177.56

Dec 2017

175.36

Sep 2017

79.18

Mar 2005

177.56

Dec 2017

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Nominal Residential Property Price Index Growth

4.90

Dec 2017

4.78

Sep 2017

-42.19

Sep 2009

52.27

Mar 2006

%

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Non Performing Loans Ratio

0.7

Mar 2018

0.7

Feb 2018

0.1

Jan 2007

6.5

Aug 2010

%

monthly

Dec 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-24
Non-Performing Loans

150.10

Mar 2018

164.37

Feb 2018

17.32

Dec 2005

1,306.77

Oct 2009

USD mn

monthly

Dec 2000 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-24
Number of Subscriber Fixed Line

370,589.00

2016

387,607.00

2015

120,000.00

1975

522,816.00

2000

Unit

yearly

1975 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Number of Subscriber Mobile

1,897,921.00

2016

1,903,545.00

2015

0.00

1990

1,999,750.00

2012

Person

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Policy Rate

0.00

Apr 2018

0.00

Mar 2018

0.00

Apr 2018

4.75

Apr 2001

% pa

monthly

Jan 1999 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-04-30
Population

1.3

2016

1.3

2015

1.3

2014

1.4

1999

Person mn

yearly

1999 - 2016

Updated on 2017-05-04
Private Consumption Expenditure

3,560.66

Dec 2017

3,498.53

Sep 2017

442.78

Mar 1995

3,605.64

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-14
Private Consumption: % of GDP

49.2

Dec 2017

51.4

Sep 2017

47.9

Sep 2011

61.9

Mar 1997

%

quarterly

Mar 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-14
Producer Price Index Growth

2.9

Mar 2018

2.7

Feb 2018

-3.1

Jun 2014

39.2

Jan 1995

%

monthly

Jan 1995 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-20
Public Consumption Expenditure

1,595.95

Dec 2017

1,276.13

Sep 2017

215.10

Sep 1997

1,595.95

Dec 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-14
Public Consumption: % of GDP

22.1

Dec 2017

18.7

Sep 2017

13.5

Sep 2006

29.1

Dec 1994

%

quarterly

Mar 1993 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-14
Real Effective Exchange Rate

121.1

Apr 2018

120.5

Mar 2018

43.6

Jan 1993

121.1

Apr 2018

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-14
Real GDP Growth

5.3

Dec 2017

4.5

Sep 2017

-17.5

Sep 2009

12.5

Dec 1997

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-14
Real Residential Property Price Index

152.57

Dec 2017

150.84

Sep 2017

90.85

Dec 2009

198.30

Jun 2007

2010=100

quarterly

Mar 2005 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-05-30
Real Residential Property Price Index Growth

1.01

Sep 2017

1.64

Jun 2017

-41.57

Sep 2009

45.87

Mar 2006

%

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Sep 2017

Updated on 2018-02-28
Reserve Requirement Ratio

1.0

Apr 2018

1.0

Mar 2018

1.0

Apr 2018

2.0

Dec 2011

%

monthly

Jan 1999 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-04-30
Retail Sales Growth

1.0

Dec 2017

2.0

Sep 2017

-17.0

Sep 2009

22.0

Mar 2007

%

quarterly

Mar 2002 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-14
Short Term Interest Rate

-0.33

Apr 2018

-0.33

Mar 2018

-0.33

Oct 2017

5.28

Sep 2008

% pa

monthly

Dec 1998 - Apr 2018

Updated on 2018-05-02
Tax Revenue

1,644.07

Dec 2017

1,518.65

Sep 2017

274.52

Mar 2000

1,644.07

Dec 2017

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-26
Teledensity: Fixed Line

28.24

2016

29.47

2015

8.44

1975

37.37

2000

Number

yearly

1975 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Teledensity: Mobile

144.61

2016

144.72

2015

0.00

1990

150.93

2012

Number

yearly

1960 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Total Deposits

20,845.45

Mar 2018

21,218.01

Feb 2018

652.53

Jan 1997

21,218.01

Feb 2018

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1997 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-04-24
Total Exports

1,405.7

Mar 2018

1,379.5

Feb 2018

38.3

Feb 1993

1,609.1

May 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-10
Total Exports Growth

-3.3

Mar 2018

15.1

Feb 2018

-37.1

Apr 2009

130.2

Feb 1994

%

monthly

Jan 1994 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-10
Total Imports

1,686.5

Mar 2018

1,490.7

Feb 2018

37.1

Jan 1993

1,727.7

Oct 2012

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-10
Total Imports Growth

12.8

Feb 2018

-7.2

Jan 2018

-41.2

May 2009

229.1

Jan 1994

%

monthly

Jan 1994 - Feb 2018

Updated on 2018-04-10
Tourism Revenue

1,896

2016

1,843

2015

452

1995

2,231

2014

USD mn

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Tourism Revenue Growth

2.9

2016

-17.4

2015

-33.7

2009

57.2

2013

%

yearly

1996 - 2016

Updated on 2018-05-22
Trade Balance

-280.7

Mar 2018

-111.2

Feb 2018

-475.6

Apr 2007

22.6

Feb 2010

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1993 - Mar 2018

Updated on 2018-05-10
Unemployment Rate

5.30

Dec 2017

5.20

Sep 2017

4.00

Jun 2008

19.50

Mar 2010

%

quarterly

Mar 1997 - Dec 2017

Updated on 2018-03-14
Visitor Arrivals

3,147,000

2016

2,989,000

2015

530,000

1995

3,147,000

2016

Person

yearly

1995 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19
Visitor Arrivals Growth

5.3

2016

2.4

2015

-2.1

2007

28.4

2000

%

yearly

1996 - 2016

Updated on 2018-04-19