Bahrain Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

2007 - 2022 | Quarterly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about Bahrain Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

  • Bahrain Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP was reported at 8.131 % in Mar 2022
  • This records a decrease from the previous number of 10.051 % for Dec 2021
  • Bahrain Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP data is updated quarterly, averaging 14.736 % from Dec 2007 to Mar 2022, with 58 observations
  • The data reached an all-time high of 23.826 % in Mar 2008 and a record low of 3.942 % in Mar 2018
  • Bahrain Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP data remains active status in CEIC and is reported by CEIC Data
  • The data is categorized under World Trend Plus’s Global Economic Monitor – Table: Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of Nominal GDP: Quarterly: Middle East and Africa

CEIC calculates quarterly Foreign Exchange Reserves as % of Nominal GDP from monthly Foreign Exchange Reserves and quarterly Nominal GDP. The International Monetary Fund provides Foreign Exchange Reserves in USD. Central Informatics Organization provides Nominal GDP in local currency. The Central Bank of Bahrain average market exchange rate is used for currency conversions.

View Bahrain's Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP from Dec 2007 to Mar 2022 in the chart:

Bahrain Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

What was Bahrain's Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP in Mar 2022?

Bahrain Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP was reported at 8.131 % in Mar 2022 See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
8.131 Mar 2022 10.051 Dec 2021 3.942 Mar 2018 23.826 Mar 2008 % quarterly Dec 2007 - Mar 2022

Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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Includes Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP on 114 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 27.845 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2008 - Dec 2021
Algeria (%) 25.392 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Dec 2021
Argentina (%) 7.418 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2004 - Dec 2021
Armenia (%) 19.817 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2013 - Mar 2022
Australia (%) 2.372 Dec 2021 quarterly Sep 1969 - Dec 2021
Austria (%) 1.862 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1995 - Dec 2021
Azerbaijan (%) 13.853 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2021
Bahrain (%) 8.131 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2007 - Mar 2022
Bangladesh (%) 4.000 May 2022 monthly Oct 1999 - May 2022
Belarus (%) 4.069 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2009 - Mar 2022
Belgium (%) 1.800 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
Bolivia (%) 4.078 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2021
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 42.986 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2008 - Dec 2021
Botswana (%) 27.281 Dec 2021 quarterly Jun 1994 - Dec 2021
Brazil (%) 19.143 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2022
Brunei (%) 6.000 May 2022 monthly Jan 2006 - May 2022
Bulgaria (%) 40.597 Mar 2022 quarterly Sep 2003 - Mar 2022
Cambodia (%) 8.000 May 2022 monthly Jan 2008 - May 2022
Canada (%) 3.693 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 1999 - Mar 2022
Chile (%) 13.909 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1996 - Mar 2022
China (%) 8.100 May 2022 monthly Jan 1985 - May 2022
Colombia (%) 16.436 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2022
Croatia (%) 39.689 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1995 - Dec 2021
Cyprus (%) 0.635 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2021
Czech Republic (%) 59.717 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2021
Denmark (%) 17.834 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2002 - Mar 2022
Ecuador (%) 5.672 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2021
Egypt (%) 8.511 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2004 - Jun 2021
Estonia (%) 5.505 Dec 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Dec 2021
European Union (%) 2.221 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2022
Finland (%) 2.864 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2021
France (%) 1.850 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2004 - Mar 2022
Georgia (%) 17.780 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1996 - Mar 2022
Germany (%) 0.933 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1991 - Mar 2022
Ghana (%) 10.368 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2006 - Dec 2021
Greece (%) 1.619 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2004 - Mar 2022
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 131.771 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 2000 - Mar 2022
Hungary (%) 17.430 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2006 - Mar 2022
Iceland (%) 23.089 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2022
India (%) 4.500 May 2022 monthly Sep 1962 - May 2022
Indonesia (%) 5.000 May 2022 monthly Jan 1997 - May 2022
Ireland (%) 1.126 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
Israel (%) 40.183 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2001 - Mar 2022
Italy (%) 2.433 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2022
Ivory Coast (%) 0.006 Sep 2018 quarterly Dec 1997 - Sep 2018
Japan (%) 0.840 Apr 2022 monthly Oct 1980 - Apr 2022
Jordan (%) 32.055 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1992 - Dec 2021
Kazakhstan (%) 4.413 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2002 - Dec 2021
Kenya (%) 8.601 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2009 - Dec 2021
South Korea (%) 7.000 May 2022 monthly Nov 1979 - May 2022
Kosovo (%) 11.235 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2021
Kuwait (%) 42.914 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 17.829 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2022
Laos (%) 5.000 May 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - May 2022
Latvia (%) 12.052 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1997 - Dec 2021
Lebanon (%) 96.393 2019 yearly 2004 - 2019
Lithuania (%) 7.177 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1995 - Mar 2022
Luxembourg (%) 0.228 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2021
Macau SAR, China (%) 91.393 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2001 - Mar 2022
North Macedonia (%) 23.946 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2022
Malawi (%) 7.753 2019 yearly 2002 - 2019
Malaysia (%) 2.000 May 2022 monthly Jun 1959 - May 2022
Malta (%) 5.843 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2022
Mauritius (%) 67.523 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2006 - Dec 2021
Mexico (%) 13.767 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Mar 2022
Moldova (%) 24.394 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Mar 2022
Mongolia (%) 17.801 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2010 - Mar 2022
Montenegro (%) 29.712 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2010 - Mar 2022
Morocco (%) 24.971 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2007 - Dec 2021
Mozambique (%) 21.067 2021 yearly 1984 - 2021
Myanmar (%) 5.000 May 2022 monthly May 2011 - May 2022
Nepal (%) 3.000 May 2022 monthly Jul 2003 - May 2022
Netherlands (%) 0.592 Mar 2022 quarterly Sep 1999 - Mar 2022
New Zealand (%) 5.153 Mar 2022 quarterly Sep 2005 - Mar 2022
Nigeria (%) 9.028 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2010 - Mar 2022
Norway (%) 13.941 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Mar 2022
Oman (%) 21.636 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2005 - Dec 2021
Pakistan (%) 5.000 May 2022 monthly Jul 2006 - May 2022
Palestinian Territory (%) 15.077 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2006 - Dec 2021
Panama (%) 12.674 Sep 2021 quarterly Dec 2007 - Sep 2021
Paraguay (%) 22.844 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1994 - Dec 2021
Peru (%) 31.464 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1990 - Mar 2022
Philippines (%) 12.000 May 2022 monthly May 1986 - May 2022
Poland (%) 21.417 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2002 - Dec 2021
Portugal (%) 1.388 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2022
Qatar (%) 20.736 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2021
Romania (%) 15.453 Dec 2021 quarterly Jun 2005 - Dec 2021
Russia (%) 26.280 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2011 - Dec 2021
Saudi Arabia (%) 47.588 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2003 - Mar 2022
Serbia (%) 22.071 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2004 - Mar 2022
Singapore (%) 91.401 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 2000 - Mar 2022
Slovakia (%) 5.148 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2022
Slovenia (%) 1.325 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1995 - Mar 2022
South Africa (%) 10.132 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2001 - Mar 2022
Spain (%) 3.902 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1995 - Mar 2022
Sri Lanka (%) 4.000 May 2022 monthly Mar 1997 - May 2022
Sudan (%) 0.000 2017 yearly 1960 - 2017
Sweden (%) 6.460 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Mar 2022
Switzerland (%) 119.612 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2006 - Mar 2022
Syria (%) 31.149 2010 yearly 1990 - 2010

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Bahrain Key Series

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Includes 199 key indicators for Bahrain, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -13.0 2020 yearly 1998 - 2020
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -4,576.393 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 1,276.013 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 3.7 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
National Government Debt (USD mn) 38,733.1 Mar 2022 monthly Mar 2001 - Mar 2022
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 95.3 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2007 - Mar 2022
Forecast: Government Expenditure (BHD bn) 4.987 2027 yearly 1990 - 2027
Forecast: Government Net Debt (BHD bn) 25.321 2027 yearly 1990 - 2027
Forecast: Government Revenue (BHD bn) 3.470 2027 yearly 1990 - 2027
Government Budget: Net Surplus or Deficit (BHD mn) -1,721.094 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Government Budget: Revenue: Non Oil: Taxation and Fees (BHD mn) 479.884 2020 yearly 1990 - 2020
Net Government Debt: Outstanding (BHD mn) 10,730.785 2017 yearly 1995 - 2017
Domestic Public Debt Instruments: Outstanding (BHD mn) 14,566.800 Apr 2022 monthly Mar 2001 - Apr 2022
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 3.242 2027 yearly 1996 - 2027
Trade Balance (USD mn) 4,904.0 2021 yearly 1966 - 2021
Total Exports (USD mn) 7,413.6 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2018 - Mar 2022
Total Exports Growth (%) 66.3 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2019 - Mar 2022
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 2,778,894.614 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 1,208.739 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 756.714 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Imports (USD mn) 5,261.1 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2018 - Mar 2022
Total Imports Growth (%) 28.3 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2019 - Mar 2022
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 161,392.351 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 39,849.060 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 88.421 Feb 2022 monthly Jan 1976 - Feb 2022
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 44.034 Feb 2022 monthly Jan 1981 - Feb 2022
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 35.532 Feb 2022 monthly Nov 1994 - Feb 2022
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 199.019 Sep 2019 monthly Jan 1989 - Sep 2019
Exports (BHD mn) 2,788.100 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2018 - Mar 2022
Imports (BHD mn) 1,978.600 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2018 - Mar 2022
Exports: Annual: Re-Exports (BHD mn) 109.900 2007 yearly 1991 - 2007
Exports: HS: Annual (BHD mn) 8,410.900 2021 yearly 1966 - 2021
Imports: Annual (BHD mn) 6,566.600 2021 yearly 1966 - 2021
Energy Imports: Value: Crude Oil: Annual (USD th) 2,776,458.000 2020 yearly 1978 - 2020
Energy Exports: Volume: Petroleum Products (Barrel th) 7,489.000 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 1990 - Dec 2020
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 64.3 2021 yearly 1975 - 2021
Current Account Balance (USD mn) 1,476.0 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2018 - Mar 2022
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) 13.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2018 - Mar 2022
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 1,759.2 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 0.1 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2018 - Mar 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 946.339 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2018 - Mar 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 9.5 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2018 - Dec 2021
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) 0.895 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) 23,433.782 2021 yearly 1989 - 2021
BH: BoP: Financial Account: Direct Investment: Liabilities (USD mn) 111.170 2018 yearly 1975 - 2018
BH: BoP: Current Account: Secondary Income: Credit (USD mn) 0.000 2017 yearly 1975 - 2017
BH: BoP: Financial Account: Direct Investment (USD mn) 1,403.989 2018 yearly 1975 - 2018
BH: BoP: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment: Liabilities: Equity (USD mn) 981.915 2011 yearly 1975 - 2011
BH: BoP: Financial Account: Direct Investment: Assets (USD mn) 1,515.160 2018 yearly 1975 - 2018
BH: BoP: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment: Liabilities: Debt Securities (USD mn) 2,572.606 2017 yearly 1975 - 2017
BH: BoP: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment: Liabilities (USD mn) 2,572.606 2017 yearly 1975 - 2017
BoP: Current Account: Services: Credit (BHD mn) 4,837.300 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
BoP: CF: Capital Account (BHD mn) 0.000 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
BoP: CF: Financial Account: Reserve Assets: Net (BHD mn) -946.300 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
Balance of Payments (BoP): Current Account (BHD mn) 978.500 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
BoP: Current Account: Primary Income (BHD mn) -950.500 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
BoP: CF: Financial Account (BHD mn) -636.700 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
BoP: Errors and Omissions (BHD mn) -341.800 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
BoP: CF: Financial Account: Other Investment: Net: Liabilities (BHD mn) 494.500 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
BoP: Current Account: Goods (BHD mn) 1,844.300 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
BoP: Current Account: Primary Income: Credit (BHD mn) 970.000 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
BoP: CF: Financial Account: Direct Investment (BHD mn) 637.400 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
BoP: Current Account: Secondary Income: Workers' Remittances (BHD mn) -950.100 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
BoP: Current Account: Services: Debit (BHD mn) -3,802.500 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
BoP: Current Account: Secondary Income (BHD mn) -950.100 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
BoP: CF: Financial Account: Other Investment: Net (BHD mn) 97.200 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
BoP: CF: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment: Net: Liabilities (BHD mn) 891.400 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
BoP: Current Account: Services (BHD mn) 1,034.800 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
BoP: Current Account: Primary Income: Debit (BHD mn) -1,920.500 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
BoP: CF: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment: Net (BHD mn) -425.000 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
BoP: CF: Financial Account: Other Investment: Net: Assets (BHD mn) -397.300 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
BoP: CF: Financial Account: Portfolio Investment: Net: Assets (BHD mn) -1,316.400 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
International Investment Position (IIP) (BHD mn) 8,813.000 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
IIP: Liabilities (BHD mn) 44,681.100 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
IIP: Assets (BHD mn) 53,494.100 2021 yearly 2012 - 2021
No of Registrations: New Enterprises (Unit) 2,071.000 2020 yearly 1997 - 2020
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 5.5 Mar 2018 semiannually Mar 2013 - Mar 2018
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 8,797.573 Apr 2022 monthly Dec 1974 - Apr 2022
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 35,686.461 Apr 2022 monthly Dec 1974 - Apr 2022
M2 Growth (%) 2.0 Apr 2022 monthly Dec 1975 - Apr 2022
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 5.0 May 2022 monthly Jan 2008 - May 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 3,341.0 Apr 2022 monthly Oct 1965 - Apr 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 8.131 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2007 - Mar 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 2.7 2021 yearly 1966 - 2021
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 6.649 Apr 2022 monthly Jan 1966 - Apr 2022
Total Deposits (USD mn) 50,264.704 Apr 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Apr 2022
Total Deposits Growth (%) 10.6 Apr 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - Apr 2022
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 49,430.6 Apr 2022 monthly Sep 1991 - Apr 2022
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 7.2 Apr 2022 monthly Sep 1992 - Apr 2022
Total Loans (USD mn) 29,441.264 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Mar 2022
Total Loans Growth (%) 4.88 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2001 - Mar 2022
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 68.57 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2022
Money Supply: M3: M2 (BHD mn) 13,421.000 Apr 2022 monthly Dec 1974 - Apr 2022
Money Supply: M3: M2: M1 (BHD mn) 3,308.600 Apr 2022 monthly Dec 1974 - Apr 2022
Money Supply: M3 (BHD mn) 14,918.800 Apr 2022 monthly Sep 1991 - Apr 2022
Money Supply: M3: M2: M1: Currency Outside Banks (BHD mn) 535.600 Nov 2018 monthly Jan 1989 - Nov 2018
Currency in Circulation (BHD mn) 759.400 Apr 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Apr 2022
Official Reserves (BHD mn) 1,708.300 Sep 2015 quarterly Mar 2003 - Sep 2015
Deposits: Retail Banks (BHD mn) 18,903.600 Apr 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Apr 2022
Outstanding Loans: Retail Banks: NR: Business (BHD mn) 5,111.100 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Mar 2022
Outstanding Loans: Retail Banks: Non Bank Residents (NR) (BHD mn) 11,072.300 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Mar 2022
Outstanding Loans: Retail Banks: NR: Personal (BHD mn) 5,540.200 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Mar 2022

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