Ghana Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

2006 - 2021 | Quarterly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about Ghana Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

  • Ghana Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP was reported at 10.368 % in Dec 2021
  • This records a decrease from the previous number of 12.223 % for Sep 2021
  • Ghana Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP data is updated quarterly, averaging 9.658 % from Dec 2006 to Dec 2021, with 61 observations
  • The data reached an all-time high of 13.406 % in Dec 2010 and a record low of 5.571 % in Jun 2009
  • Ghana Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP data remains active status in CEIC and is reported by CEIC Data
  • The data is categorized under World Trend Plus’s Global Economic Monitor – Table: Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of Nominal GDP: Quarterly: Middle East and Africa

CEIC calculates quarterly Foreign Exchange Reserves as % of Nominal GDP from monthly Foreign Exchange Reserves and quarterly Nominal GDP. International Monetary Fund provides Foreign Exchange Reserves in USD. Ghana Statistical Service provides Nominal GDP in local currency, based on SNA 2008. The Bank of Ghana average market exchange rate is used for currency conversions. Nominal GDP prior to Q4 2013 is based on SNA 1993.

View Ghana's Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP from Dec 2006 to Dec 2021 in the chart:

Ghana Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

What was Ghana's Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP in Dec 2021?

Ghana Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP was reported at 10.368 % in Dec 2021 See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
10.368 Dec 2021 12.223 Sep 2021 5.571 Jun 2009 13.406 Dec 2010 % quarterly Dec 2006 - Dec 2021

Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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Includes Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP on 114 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 27.845 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2008 - Dec 2021
Algeria (%) 25.956 Sep 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Sep 2021
Argentina (%) 7.418 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2004 - Dec 2021
Armenia (%) 22.871 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2013 - Dec 2021
Australia (%) 2.372 Dec 2021 quarterly Sep 1969 - Dec 2021
Austria (%) 1.862 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1995 - Dec 2021
Azerbaijan (%) 13.853 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2021
Bahrain (%) 10.051 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2007 - Dec 2021
Bangladesh (%) 4.000 Apr 2022 monthly Oct 1999 - Apr 2022
Belarus (%) 4.069 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2009 - Mar 2022
Belgium (%) 1.885 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2021
Bolivia (%) 4.078 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2021
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 42.986 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2008 - Dec 2021
Botswana (%) 27.281 Dec 2021 quarterly Jun 1994 - Dec 2021
Brazil (%) 19.143 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2022
Brunei (%) 6.000 Apr 2022 monthly Jan 2006 - Apr 2022
Bulgaria (%) 41.315 Mar 2022 quarterly Sep 2003 - Mar 2022
Cambodia (%) 8.000 Apr 2022 monthly Jan 2008 - Apr 2022
Canada (%) 3.924 Dec 2021 quarterly Jun 1999 - Dec 2021
Chile (%) 14.875 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1996 - Dec 2021
China (%) 8.100 Apr 2022 monthly Jan 1985 - Apr 2022
Colombia (%) 16.436 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2022
Croatia (%) 39.689 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1995 - Dec 2021
Cyprus (%) 0.635 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2021
Czech Republic (%) 59.717 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2021
Denmark (%) 18.561 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2002 - Dec 2021
Ecuador (%) 5.672 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2021
Egypt (%) 8.511 Jun 2021 quarterly Dec 2004 - Jun 2021
Estonia (%) 5.505 Dec 2021 quarterly Sep 2002 - Dec 2021
European Union (%) 2.290 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Dec 2021
Finland (%) 2.864 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2021
France (%) 1.860 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2004 - Mar 2022
Georgia (%) 20.162 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1996 - Dec 2021
Germany (%) 0.914 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1991 - Dec 2021
Ghana (%) 10.368 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2006 - Dec 2021
Greece (%) 1.786 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2004 - Dec 2021
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 131.771 Mar 2022 quarterly Jun 2000 - Mar 2022
Hungary (%) 19.186 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2006 - Dec 2021
Iceland (%) 25.304 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2021
India (%) 4.000 Apr 2022 monthly Sep 1962 - Apr 2022
Indonesia (%) 5.000 Apr 2022 monthly Jan 1997 - Apr 2022
Ireland (%) 1.234 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2021
Israel (%) 40.226 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2001 - Mar 2022
Italy (%) 2.469 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Dec 2021
Ivory Coast (%) 0.006 Sep 2018 quarterly Dec 1997 - Sep 2018
Japan (%) 0.840 Feb 2022 monthly Oct 1980 - Feb 2022
Jordan (%) 32.055 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1992 - Dec 2021
Kazakhstan (%) 4.413 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2002 - Dec 2021
Kenya (%) 8.954 Sep 2021 quarterly Dec 2009 - Sep 2021
South Korea (%) 7.000 Mar 2022 monthly Nov 1979 - Mar 2022
Kosovo (%) 11.235 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2021
Kuwait (%) 42.914 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 22.507 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2021
Laos (%) 3.000 Apr 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - Apr 2022
Latvia (%) 12.052 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1997 - Dec 2021
Lebanon (%) 96.393 2019 yearly 2004 - 2019
Lithuania (%) 7.168 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1995 - Mar 2022
Luxembourg (%) 0.228 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2021
Macau SAR, China (%) 89.167 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2001 - Dec 2021
North Macedonia (%) 28.005 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2021
Malawi (%) 7.753 2019 yearly 2002 - 2019
Malaysia (%) 2.000 Apr 2022 monthly Jun 1959 - Apr 2022
Malta (%) 4.490 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2000 - Dec 2021
Mauritius (%) 67.523 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2006 - Dec 2021
Mexico (%) 13.987 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2021
Moldova (%) 28.451 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2021
Mongolia (%) 17.801 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2010 - Mar 2022
Montenegro (%) 32.018 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2021
Morocco (%) 24.971 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2007 - Dec 2021
Mozambique (%) 27.821 2020 yearly 1984 - 2020
Myanmar (%) 5.000 Apr 2022 monthly May 2011 - Apr 2022
Nepal (%) 3.000 Apr 2022 monthly Jul 2003 - Apr 2022
Netherlands (%) 0.647 Dec 2021 quarterly Sep 1999 - Dec 2021
New Zealand (%) 5.295 Dec 2021 quarterly Sep 2005 - Dec 2021
Nigeria (%) 9.261 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2021
Norway (%) 16.033 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2021
Oman (%) 21.636 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2005 - Dec 2021
Pakistan (%) 5.000 Apr 2022 monthly Jul 2006 - Apr 2022
Palestinian Territory (%) 15.077 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2006 - Dec 2021
Panama (%) 12.674 Sep 2021 quarterly Dec 2007 - Sep 2021
Paraguay (%) 22.844 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1994 - Dec 2021
Peru (%) 32.969 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1990 - Dec 2021
Philippines (%) 12.000 Apr 2022 monthly May 1986 - Apr 2022
Poland (%) 21.417 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2002 - Dec 2021
Portugal (%) 2.394 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Dec 2021
Qatar (%) 20.736 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2021
Romania (%) 15.453 Dec 2021 quarterly Jun 2005 - Dec 2021
Russia (%) 26.280 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2011 - Dec 2021
Saudi Arabia (%) 51.527 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2003 - Dec 2021
Serbia (%) 25.762 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2004 - Dec 2021
Singapore (%) 102.854 Dec 2021 quarterly Jun 2000 - Dec 2021
Slovakia (%) 5.037 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1999 - Dec 2021
Slovenia (%) 1.242 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 1995 - Dec 2021
South Africa (%) 10.314 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2001 - Dec 2021
Spain (%) 3.902 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1995 - Mar 2022
Sri Lanka (%) 4.000 Apr 2022 monthly Mar 1997 - Apr 2022
Sudan (%) 0.000 2017 yearly 1960 - 2017
Sweden (%) 7.005 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2000 - Dec 2021
Switzerland (%) 127.206 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2006 - Dec 2021
Syria (%) 31.149 2010 yearly 1990 - 2010

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Ghana Key Series

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Includes 118 key indicators for Ghana, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -8.5 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2008 - Dec 2021
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -294.937 Mar 2022 monthly Jan 2008 - Mar 2022
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 768.478 Mar 2022 monthly Jan 2008 - Mar 2022
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 14.1 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2021
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 76.1 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Forecast: Government Expenditure (GHS bn) 234.411 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Forecast: Government Net Debt (GHS bn) 885.914 2027 yearly 1990 - 2027
Forecast: Government Revenue (GHS bn) 162.850 2027 yearly 1982 - 2027
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 20.464 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Trade Balance (USD mn) 79.9 Dec 2021 monthly Mar 2005 - Dec 2021
Total Exports (USD mn) 1,272.9 Dec 2021 monthly Jan 2010 - Dec 2021
Total Exports Growth (%) -1.9 Dec 2021 monthly Jan 2011 - Dec 2021
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 78,981.621 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 5,111.213 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 221.031 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Imports (USD mn) 1,193.0 Dec 2021 monthly Mar 2005 - Dec 2021
Total Imports Growth (%) 31.7 Dec 2021 monthly Mar 2006 - Dec 2021
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 188,339.959 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 63,163.099 2020 yearly 1995 - 2020
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 52.924 Jan 2022 monthly Feb 1985 - Jan 2022
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 115.612 Jan 2022 monthly Jun 1995 - Jan 2022
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 371.328 Jan 2022 monthly May 1995 - Jan 2022
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 172.397 Jan 2022 monthly Jun 1986 - Jan 2022
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) 0.0 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2011 - Dec 2020
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -672.2 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2005 - Dec 2021
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -3.1 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 2006 - Dec 2021
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 346.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2011 - Dec 2020
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 1.9 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2011 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) -69.820 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2011 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) -0.4 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2011 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) 18.1 2010 yearly 1975 - 2010
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) -69.820 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 2011 - Dec 2020
External Debt (USD mn) 28,160.6 Dec 2021 monthly Jan 2012 - Dec 2021
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 35.6 2021 yearly 1999 - 2021
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -3.522 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) -28,067.014 2020 yearly 2006 - 2020
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 14.4 Feb 2022 monthly Dec 2005 - Feb 2022
Non-Performing Loans (USD mn) 1,279.682 Mar 2021 quarterly Mar 2008 - Mar 2021
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 11,560.177 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1990 - Dec 2021
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 17,612.019 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1990 - Dec 2021
M2 Growth (%) 11.9 Dec 2021 quarterly Mar 1991 - Dec 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 7,500.6 Mar 2022 monthly Jan 1965 - Mar 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 10.368 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2006 - Dec 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 6.9 Dec 2021 monthly Mar 2005 - Dec 2021
Gold Reserves (Metric Ton) 1,000.000 2021 yearly 2008 - 2021
Total Deposits (USD mn) 19,632.116 Dec 2021 monthly Dec 2004 - Dec 2021
Total Deposits Growth (%) 15.6 Dec 2021 monthly Dec 2005 - Dec 2021
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 25,908.7 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1967 - Sep 2021
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 10.9 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 1968 - Sep 2021
Total Loans (USD mn) 8,292.948 Dec 2020 monthly Dec 2011 - Dec 2020
Total Loans Growth (%) 12.56 Dec 2021 monthly Dec 2012 - Dec 2021
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 10.26 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2013 - Dec 2021
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Business Confidence Growth (%) -9.3 Feb 2022 monthly Dec 2013 - Feb 2022

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