Panama Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

2007 - 2021 | Quarterly | % | CEIC Data

Key information about Panama Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

  • Panama Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP was reported at 12.674 % in Sep 2021
  • This records a decrease from the previous number of 15.607 % for Jun 2021
  • Panama Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP data is updated quarterly, averaging 6.347 % from Dec 2007 to Sep 2021, with 56 observations
  • The data reached an all-time high of 17.335 % in Dec 2020 and a record low of 1.703 % in Sep 2018
  • Panama Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP data remains active status in CEIC and is reported by CEIC Data
  • The data is categorized under World Trend Plus’s Global Economic Monitor – Table: Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of Nominal GDP: Quarterly: North and South America

CEIC calculates quarterly Foreign Exchange Reserves as % of Nominal GDP from monthly Foreign Exchange Reserves and quarterly Nominal GDP. The International Monetary Fund provides Foreign Exchange Reserves in USD. The National Institute of Statistics and Census provides Nominal GDP in local currency. The International Monetary Fund average market exchange rate is used for currency conversions.

View Panama's Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP from Dec 2007 to Sep 2021 in the chart:

Panama Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

What was Panama's Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP in Sep 2021?

Panama Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP was reported at 12.674 % in Sep 2021 See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
12.674 Sep 2021 15.607 Jun 2021 1.703 Sep 2018 17.335 Dec 2020 % quarterly Dec 2007 - Sep 2021

Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP by Country Comparison

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Includes Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP on 114 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (%) 24.380 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2008 - Jun 2022
Algeria (%) 24.483 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 1999 - Mar 2022
Argentina (%) 5.867 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2004 - Jun 2022
Armenia (%) 21.687 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2013 - Jun 2022
Australia (%) 2.177 Jun 2022 quarterly Sep 1969 - Jun 2022
Austria (%) 1.920 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 1995 - Jun 2022
Azerbaijan (%) 12.140 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2001 - Jun 2022
Bahrain (%) 8.116 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2007 - Mar 2022
Bangladesh (%) 4.000 Oct 2022 monthly Oct 1999 - Oct 2022
Belarus (%) 4.286 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2009 - Jun 2022
Belgium (%) 1.812 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2022
Bolivia (%) 3.358 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2022
Bosnia and Herzegovina (%) 37.472 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2008 - Jun 2022
Botswana (%) 23.836 Jun 2022 quarterly Jun 1994 - Jun 2022
Brazil (%) 16.580 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Sep 2022
Brunei (%) 6.000 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 2006 - Oct 2022
Bulgaria (%) 40.480 Sep 2022 quarterly Sep 2003 - Sep 2022
Cambodia (%) 8.000 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 2008 - Oct 2022
Canada (%) 3.779 Jun 2022 quarterly Jun 1999 - Jun 2022
Chile (%) 11.092 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1996 - Sep 2022
China (%) 7.800 Dec 2022 monthly Jan 1985 - Dec 2022
Colombia (%) 15.447 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Jun 2022
Croatia (%) 34.980 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1995 - Sep 2022
Cyprus (%) 0.688 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2002 - Jun 2022
Czech Republic (%) 51.837 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
Denmark (%) 17.177 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2002 - Jun 2022
Ecuador (%) 5.857 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Jun 2022
Egypt (%) 4.981 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2004 - Jun 2022
Estonia (%) 5.346 Jun 2022 quarterly Sep 2002 - Jun 2022
European Union (%) 2.287 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 1999 - Jun 2022
Finland (%) 2.784 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
France (%) 2.023 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2004 - Sep 2022
Georgia (%) 16.370 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 1996 - Jun 2022
Germany (%) 0.991 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1991 - Sep 2022
Ghana (%) 7.169 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2006 - Jun 2022
Greece (%) 1.440 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2004 - Jun 2022
Hong Kong SAR, China (%) 115.366 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 2000 - Sep 2022
Hungary (%) 16.667 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2006 - Jun 2022
Iceland (%) 22.241 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Jun 2022
India (%) 4.500 Oct 2022 monthly Sep 1962 - Oct 2022
Indonesia (%) 9.000 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 1997 - Sep 2022
Ireland (%) 1.096 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2022
Israel (%) 34.579 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2001 - Sep 2022
Italy (%) 2.479 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 1999 - Jun 2022
Ivory Coast (%) 0.006 Sep 2018 quarterly Dec 1997 - Sep 2018
Japan (%) 0.840 Sep 2022 monthly Oct 1980 - Sep 2022
Jordan (%) 27.726 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 1992 - Jun 2022
Kazakhstan (%) 3.504 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2002 - Jun 2022
Kenya (%) 7.528 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2009 - Jun 2022
South Korea (%) 7.000 Oct 2022 monthly Nov 1979 - Oct 2022
Kosovo (%) 12.082 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2010 - Jun 2022
Kuwait (%) 42.914 Dec 2020 quarterly Dec 2010 - Dec 2020
Kyrgyzstan (%) 15.910 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Sep 2022
Laos (%) 5.000 Oct 2022 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2022
Latvia (%) 10.435 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1997 - Jun 2022
Lebanon (%) 65.941 2020 yearly 2004 - 2020
Lithuania (%) 6.518 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 1995 - Jun 2022
Luxembourg (%) 0.254 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Jun 2022
Macau SAR, China (%) 109.730 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2001 - Sep 2022
North Macedonia (%) 21.771 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Jun 2022
Malawi (%) 7.753 2019 yearly 2002 - 2019
Malaysia (%) 2.000 Oct 2022 monthly Jun 1959 - Oct 2022
Malta (%) 5.843 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2000 - Mar 2022
Mauritius (%) 54.478 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2006 - Jun 2022
Mexico (%) 12.990 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2022
Moldova (%) 25.331 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
Mongolia (%) 13.735 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 2010 - Sep 2022
Montenegro (%) 26.758 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2010 - Jun 2022
Morocco (%) 22.342 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2007 - Jun 2022
Mozambique (%) 21.070 2021 yearly 1984 - 2021
Myanmar (%) 3.000 Oct 2022 monthly May 2011 - Oct 2022
Nepal (%) 4.000 Oct 2022 monthly Jul 2003 - Oct 2022
Netherlands (%) 0.615 Jun 2022 quarterly Sep 1999 - Jun 2022
New Zealand (%) 4.086 Jun 2022 quarterly Sep 2005 - Jun 2022
Nigeria (%) 8.764 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2010 - Jun 2022
Norway (%) 13.903 Sep 2022 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2022
Oman (%) 15.704 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2005 - Jun 2022
Pakistan (%) 5.000 Oct 2022 monthly Jul 2006 - Oct 2022
Palestinian Territory (%) 11.645 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2006 - Jun 2022
Panama (%) 12.674 Sep 2021 quarterly Dec 2007 - Sep 2021
Paraguay (%) 20.789 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 1994 - Jun 2022
Peru (%) 29.247 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1990 - Sep 2022
Philippines (%) 12.000 Oct 2022 monthly May 1986 - Oct 2022
Poland (%) 19.421 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2002 - Jun 2022
Portugal (%) 1.600 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 1999 - Jun 2022
Qatar (%) 17.795 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2010 - Jun 2022
Romania (%) 14.784 Jun 2022 quarterly Jun 2005 - Jun 2022
Russia (%) 26.280 Dec 2021 quarterly Dec 2011 - Dec 2021
Saudi Arabia (%) 45.180 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2003 - Jun 2022
Serbia (%) 22.186 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2004 - Jun 2022
Singapore (%) 65.859 Sep 2022 quarterly Jun 2000 - Sep 2022
Slovakia (%) 5.912 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 1999 - Jun 2022
Slovenia (%) 1.354 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1995 - Sep 2022
South Africa (%) 10.730 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2001 - Jun 2022
Spain (%) 4.197 Sep 2022 quarterly Dec 1995 - Sep 2022
Sri Lanka (%) 4.000 Oct 2022 monthly Mar 1997 - Oct 2022
Sudan (%) 0.000 2017 yearly 1960 - 2017
Sweden (%) 6.886 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2000 - Jun 2022
Switzerland (%) 109.456 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2006 - Jun 2022
Syria (%) 31.149 2010 yearly 1990 - 2010

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Panama Key Series

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Includes 181 key indicators for Panama, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -5.5 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -3,522.800 2021 yearly 2003 - 2021
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 566.943 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 1995 - Sep 2022
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 8.4 Jun 2022 quarterly Mar 2007 - Jun 2022
National Government Debt (USD mn) 43,616.6 Oct 2022 monthly Jul 2004 - Oct 2022
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 63.5 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2007 - Jun 2022
Forecast: Government Expenditure (PAB bn) 22.307 2027 yearly 1994 - 2027
Forecast: Government Net Debt (PAB bn) 50.254 2027 yearly 1994 - 2027
Forecast: Government Revenue (PAB bn) 20.797 2027 yearly 1994 - 2027
Central Government Revenue: Current Revenue: Tax: Direct: Total (PAB th) 165,421.781 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1995 - Jul 2022
Central Government Revenue: Current Revenue: Tax (PAB th) 566,943.148 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 1995 - Sep 2022
Central Government Revenue: Current Revenue (PAB th) 697,331.162 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 1995 - Sep 2022
Central Government Operations: Total Revenue (PAB th) 14,982,531.373 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
Central Government Operations: Total Expenditure (PAB th) 14,982,531.373 2021 yearly 2000 - 2021
CGO: Overall Balance, Accrual Basis (USD mn) -4,007.800 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
CGO: Expenditure: Capital (USD mn) 2,877.800 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
CGO: Expenditure: Current (USD mn) 8,921.000 2021 yearly 1993 - 2021
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 3.974 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Trade Balance (USD mn) -941.5 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 1964 - Sep 2022
Total Exports (USD mn) 346.3 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 2000 - Sep 2022
Total Exports Growth (%) 8.8 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Sep 2022
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 6,565.346 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 1,464,149.845 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 155,615.515 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Imports (USD mn) 1,205.2 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2000 - Jul 2022
Total Imports Growth (%) 25.5 Sep 2022 monthly Jan 2001 - Sep 2022
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 1,131,885.680 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 157,218.886 2021 yearly 1995 - 2021
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 19.755 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1970 - Jul 2022
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 366.704 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 1967 - Jul 2022
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 370.063 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 179.363 Jul 2022 monthly Mar 1989 - Jul 2022
Exports: FOB: Prawn (PAB th) 4,767.414 Jul 2022 monthly Jan 2000 - Jul 2022
Exports: FOB: Asia: Rest of Asia: China (PAB th) 370,063.000 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Exports: FOB: Asia: Rest of Asia: South Korea (PAB th) 136,247.000 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Exports: FOB: America: NAFTA: Mexico (PAB th) 20,957.000 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Exports: FOB: Asia: Rest of Asia: Taiwan (PAB th) 19,716.000 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Exports: FOB: Raw Wood (PAB th) 7,428.13 Apr 2018 monthly Jan 2017 - Apr 2018
Exports: FOB: Waste & Scrap of Steel, Copper & Aluminum (PAB th) 6,147.94 Apr 2018 monthly Jan 2017 - Apr 2018
Imports: CIF: America: NAFTA: USA (PAB th) 2,070,087.000 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Imports: CIF: Asia: Rest of Asia: Taiwan (PAB th) 35,242.000 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Imports: CIF: Asia: ASEAN: Thailand (PAB th) 68,032.000 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Imports: CIF: Asia: Rest of Asia: China (PAB th) 851,030.000 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Imports: CIF: America: LAIA: MERCOSUR: Brazil (PAB th) 123,450.000 2020 yearly 1999 - 2020
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) -31.1 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
Current Account Balance (USD mn) -292.6 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Mar 2022
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) -1.7 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2007 - Mar 2022
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 716.1 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 1998 - Mar 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 4.1 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2007 - Mar 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) 2,500.336 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 14.2 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2007 - Mar 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) 0.0 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) 2,500.336 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
External Debt (USD mn) 35,695.2 Oct 2022 monthly Jul 2004 - Oct 2022
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 177.4 2021 yearly 2014 - 2021
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 39,768.7 Dec 2021 quarterly Sep 2014 - Dec 2021
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 62.5 2021 yearly 1970 - 2021
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -2.462 2027 yearly 1980 - 2027
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) -69,051.398 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2002 - Mar 2022
Balance of Payment (BoP): Current Account (CA) (PAB mn) -292.561 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: Services: Credit (PAB mn) 3,905.096 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: Capital Account (PAB mn) 1.078 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: Services (PAB mn) 2,547.918 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: Income: Debit (PAB mn) -1,404.061 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: Financial Account (FA) (PAB mn) 3,242.985 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: Goods (PAB mn) -1,939.973 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: Services: Debit (PAB mn) -1,357.178 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: Capital Account: Credit (PAB mn) 1.078 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment: Assets (PAB mn) -367.379 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: Goods: Credit (PAB mn) 4,343.495 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: Income (PAB mn) -944.264 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: Capital Account: Debit (PAB mn) 0.000 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: FA: Portfolio Investment: Liabilities (PAB mn) 2,500.336 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: Net Errors and Omissions (PAB mn) -2,327.216 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: Goods: Debit (PAB mn) -6,283.468 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: CA: Income: Credit (PAB mn) 459.798 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: Financing: Reserve Assets (PAB mn) -804.563 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
BoP: FA: Direct Investment (PAB mn) 747.215 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
IIP: Liabilities (USD mn) 153,981.938 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2015 - Mar 2022
International Investment Position (IIP) (USD mn) -69,051.398 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2015 - Mar 2022
IIP: Assets (USD mn) 84,930.540 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2015 - Mar 2022
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) (PAB mn) 716.082 Mar 2022 quarterly Mar 2013 - Mar 2022
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 1.6 Sep 2022 monthly Dec 2008 - Sep 2022
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 43.3 Jun 2022 quarterly Dec 2007 - Jun 2022
Non-Performing Loans (USD mn) 1,401.763 Sep 2022 monthly Dec 2008 - Sep 2022
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 8,947.570 Aug 2022 monthly Dec 2002 - Aug 2022
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 38,192.410 Jul 2022 monthly Dec 2002 - Jul 2022
M2 Growth (%) 2.7 Aug 2022 monthly Dec 2003 - Aug 2022
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 7,651.6 Sep 2021 monthly Oct 1969 - Sep 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 12.674 Sep 2021 quarterly Dec 2007 - Sep 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 7.5 Sep 2021 monthly Jan 2000 - Sep 2021
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 0.000 Sep 2021 monthly Sep 1969 - Sep 2021
Total Deposits (USD mn) 96,879.529 Sep 2022 monthly Dec 1998 - Sep 2022
Total Deposits Growth (%) 1.2 Aug 2022 monthly Dec 1999 - Aug 2022
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 58,134.6 Sep 2022 monthly Dec 2001 - Sep 2022
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 6.2 Sep 2022 monthly Dec 2002 - Sep 2022
Household Debt (USD mn) 29,794.5 Sep 2022 monthly Oct 2005 - Sep 2022
Total Loans (USD mn) 85,456.009 Sep 2022 monthly Dec 1998 - Sep 2022
Total Loans Growth (%) 12.62 Aug 2022 monthly Dec 1999 - Aug 2022
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 80.20 Mar 2022 quarterly Dec 2007 - Mar 2022
Money Supply: M3 (PAB mn) 38,168.420 Aug 2022 monthly Dec 2002 - Aug 2022
LC: National Banking System: Private Sector: Mortgage (PAB mn) 19,506.037 Sep 2022 monthly Dec 2002 - Sep 2022

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