Peru Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

1985 - 2023 | Monthly | NA | CEIC Data

Key information about Peru Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

  • Peru Foreign Exchange Reserves equaled 15.7 Months of Import in Dec 2023, compared with the ratio of 16.5 in the previous month
  • Peru Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import data is updated monthly, available from Jan 1985 to Dec 2023
  • The data reached an all-time high of 31.8 in May 2020 and a record low of 1.4 in Jul 1990

CEIC calculates Foreign Exchange Reserves as Months of Import from monthly Foreign Exchange Reserves and monthly Imports. Foreign Exchange Reserves is calculated as the sum of Foreign Currency Reserves and Other Reserve Assets. The Central Reserve Bank of Peru provides Foreign Exchange Reserves in USD and Imports in USD based on BPM6. Foreign Exchange Reserves as Months of Import prior to January 2012 is calculated from Total Imports based on BPM5. Foreign Exchange Reserves as Months of Import prior to January 2001 is calculated from Foreign Exchange Reserves sourced from the International Monetary Fund.


Further information about Peru Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

  • In the latest reports, Peru Foreign Exchange Reserves was measured at 65.3 USD bn in Dec 2023
  • Its Money Supply M2 increased 1.9 % YoY in Dec 2023
  • Peru Domestic Credit reached 52.6 USD bn in Nov 2023, representing an increased of 8.4 % YoY
  • The country's Non Performing Loans Ratio stood at 3.7 % in Dec 2023, compared with the ratio of 3.7 % in the previous month
  • Household Debt of Peru reached 45.7 USD bn in Dec 2023, accounting for 17.1 % of the country's Nominal GDP

View Peru's Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import from Jan 1985 to Dec 2023 in the chart:

Peru Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

What was Peru's Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import in Dec 2023?

Peru Foreign Exchange Reserves equaled 15.7 Months of Import in Dec 2023, compared with the ratio of 16.5 in the previous month See the table below for more data.

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
15.7 Dec 2023 16.5 Nov 2023 1.4 Jul 1990 31.8 May 2020 NA monthly Jan 1985 - Dec 2023

Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import by Country Comparison

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Includes Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import on 115 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Albania (NA) 7.0 Oct 2023 monthly Dec 1993 - Oct 2023
Algeria (NA) 15.7 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2000 - Dec 2020
Argentina (NA) 3.7 May 2023 monthly Jan 1990 - May 2023
Armenia (NA) 2.9 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2000 - Nov 2023
Australia (NA) 1.5 May 2023 monthly Jul 1971 - May 2023
Austria (NA) 0.2 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 1957 - Oct 2023
Azerbaijan (NA) 7.1 Nov 2023 monthly Mar 1994 - Nov 2023
Bahrain (NA) 2.0 2022 yearly 1966 - 2022
Bangladesh (NA) 2.8 Nov 2023 monthly Jul 1986 - Nov 2023
Belarus (NA) 1.0 Sep 2023 monthly Dec 2002 - Sep 2023
Belgium (NA) 0.2 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Oct 2023
Bolivia (NA) 0.4 Jan 2023 monthly Jan 2000 - Jan 2023
Bosnia and Herzegovina (NA) 7.1 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2000 - Dec 2023
Botswana (NA) 8.2 Mar 2023 monthly Jan 2003 - Mar 2023
Brazil (NA) 15.8 Jan 2024 monthly Nov 2000 - Jan 2024
Brunei (NA) 4.5 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2010 - Nov 2023
Bulgaria (NA) 7.7 Nov 2023 monthly Sep 2003 - Nov 2023
Cambodia (NA) 6.6 Mar 2023 monthly Jun 2013 - Mar 2023
Canada (NA) 1.9 Nov 2023 monthly Jun 1999 - Nov 2023
Chile (NA) 6.8 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2003 - Dec 2023
China (NA) 14.2 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2000 - Dec 2023
Colombia (NA) 10.4 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 1980 - Nov 2023
Croatia (NA) 8.0 Dec 2022 monthly Jan 1999 - Dec 2022
Cyprus (NA) 0.2 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2023
Czech Republic (NA) 8.5 Dec 2023 monthly Mar 2000 - Dec 2023
Denmark (NA) 7.6 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2023
Ecuador (NA) 1.2 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2005 - Nov 2023
Egypt (NA) 4.4 Apr 2023 monthly Dec 2004 - Apr 2023
Estonia (NA) 1.2 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2001 - Dec 2023
European Union (NA) 1.2 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2023
Finland (NA) 1.2 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2000 - Oct 2023
France (NA) 0.5 Dec 2023 monthly Feb 2004 - Dec 2023
Georgia (NA) 3.5 Dec 2023 monthly Oct 1995 - Dec 2023
Germany (NA) 0.3 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1957 - Dec 2023
Ghana (NA) 2.3 Aug 2023 monthly Mar 2005 - Aug 2023
Greece (NA) 0.6 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2004 - Dec 2023
Hong Kong SAR, China (NA) 9.3 May 2023 monthly Apr 2000 - May 2023
Hungary (NA) 2.7 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2023
Iceland (NA) 6.8 Jan 2024 monthly Oct 2000 - Jan 2024
India (NA) 9.2 May 2023 monthly Apr 1990 - May 2023
Indonesia (NA) 6.9 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2008 - Dec 2023
Ireland (NA) 0.4 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Nov 2023
Israel (NA) 26.7 Dec 2023 monthly Dec 2001 - Dec 2023
Italy (NA) 0.9 Nov 2023 monthly Dec 1999 - Nov 2023
Ivory Coast (NA) 0.0 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 1981 - Oct 2023
Japan (NA) 17.6 Dec 2023 monthly Apr 2000 - Dec 2023
Jordan (NA) -7.1 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 1972 - Nov 2023
Kazakhstan (NA) 2.3 Nov 2023 monthly Dec 2002 - Nov 2023
Kenya (NA) 3.9 Nov 2023 monthly Sep 2005 - Nov 2023
South Korea (NA) 7.2 Jan 2024 monthly Jan 1971 - Jan 2024
Kosovo (NA) 1.8 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2003 - Dec 2023
Kuwait (NA) 13.8 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1973 - Sep 2023
Kyrgyzstan (NA) 1.1 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2003 - Nov 2023
Laos (NA) 1.8 Dec 2022 quarterly Mar 2004 - Dec 2022
Latvia (NA) 1.7 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 1997 - Sep 2023
Lebanon (NA) 12.5 Dec 2022 monthly Jan 1993 - Dec 2022
Lithuania (NA) 1.4 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Dec 2023
Luxembourg (NA) 0.1 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Nov 2023
Macau SAR, China (NA) 18.7 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2000 - Dec 2023
North Macedonia (NA) 4.4 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2023
Malawi (NA) 1.7 Oct 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Oct 2021
Malaysia (NA) 6.3 May 2023 monthly Dec 1990 - May 2023
Malta (NA) 1.1 Dec 2023 monthly Oct 1994 - Dec 2023
Mauritius (NA) 10.0 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2006 - Nov 2023
Mexico (NA) 4.1 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2000 - Dec 2023
Moldova (NA) 7.0 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2005 - Nov 2023
Mongolia (NA) 4.9 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1997 - Dec 2023
Montenegro (NA) 4.5 Aug 2023 monthly Jan 2005 - Aug 2023
Morocco (NA) 5.2 Dec 2023 monthly Dec 2001 - Dec 2023
Mozambique (NA) 4.1 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2011 - Sep 2023
Myanmar (NA) 6.0 Mar 2021 quarterly Sep 2010 - Mar 2021
Nepal (NA) 12.7 Jan 2024 monthly Aug 2003 - Jan 2024
Netherlands (NA) 0.1 Dec 2023 monthly Sep 1999 - Dec 2023
New Zealand (NA) 3.1 Dec 2023 monthly Sep 2005 - Dec 2023
Nigeria (NA) 10.3 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2003 - Sep 2023
Norway (NA) 9.5 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Dec 2023
Oman (NA) 4.3 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 1975 - Oct 2023
Pakistan (NA) 2.5 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 1996 - Oct 2023
Palestinian Territory (NA) 1.2 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2011 - Nov 2023
Panama (NA) 6.2 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2000 - Nov 2023
Paraguay (NA) 6.4 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1994 - Dec 2023
Peru (NA) 15.7 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1985 - Dec 2023
Philippines (NA) 9.1 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1979 - Dec 2023
Poland (NA) 4.7 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 2000 - Nov 2023
Portugal (NA) 0.6 Sep 2023 monthly Dec 1999 - Sep 2023
Qatar (NA) 15.0 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1998 - Dec 2023
Romania (NA) 5.9 Dec 2023 monthly Apr 2005 - Dec 2023
Russia (NA) 19.1 Jan 2023 monthly Jan 1998 - Jan 2023
Saudi Arabia (NA) 27.5 2022 yearly 1957 - 2022
Serbia (NA) 7.0 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2004 - Dec 2023
Singapore (NA) 9.9 Dec 2023 monthly Apr 2000 - Dec 2023
Slovakia (NA) 0.8 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2004 - Dec 2023
Slovenia (NA) 0.2 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1996 - Dec 2023
South Africa (NA) 5.3 Nov 2023 monthly Oct 2004 - Nov 2023
Spain (NA) 1.5 Oct 2023 monthly Jan 1987 - Oct 2023
Sri Lanka (NA) 2.9 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1982 - Dec 2023
Sudan (NA) 0.0 Dec 2017 monthly Jan 2003 - Dec 2017
Sweden (NA) 2.8 Dec 2023 monthly Mar 2000 - Dec 2023
Switzerland (NA) 28.4 Dec 2023 monthly Jun 1999 - Dec 2023
Syria (NA) 9.8 Jun 2011 quarterly Mar 1960 - Jun 2011

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Peru Key Series

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Includes 167 key indicators for Peru, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -2.9 Sep 2023 quarterly Dec 1990 - Sep 2023
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -2,885.090 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1990 - Sep 2023
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 3,872.417 Jan 2024 monthly Jan 2003 - Jan 2024
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 13.2 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1990 - Sep 2023
National Government Debt (USD mn) 84,464.9 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2023
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 32.4 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2023
Forecast: Government Expenditure (PEN bn) 271.687 2028 yearly 2000 - 2028
Forecast: Government Net Debt (PEN bn) 404.916 2028 yearly 2000 - 2028
Forecast: Government Revenue (PEN bn) 268.579 2028 yearly 2000 - 2028
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Forecast: Exports of Goods Growth (%) 2.721 2028 yearly 1980 - 2028
Trade Balance (USD mn) 2,039.8 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1985 - Dec 2023
Total Exports (USD mn) 5,620.3 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2012 - Sep 2023
Total Exports Growth (%) 0.8 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1986 - Dec 2023
Aluminum: Exports (USD th) 12,822.585 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Exports: Medicament (USD th) 54,846.860 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Exports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 7,258.527 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Total Imports (USD mn) 4,420.2 Sep 2023 monthly Jan 2012 - Sep 2023
Total Imports Growth (%) -7.9 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1986 - Dec 2023
Imports: Medicament (USD th) 862,374.086 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Imports: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product (USD th) 600,670.183 2022 yearly 1995 - 2022
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 1,015.000 Dec 2023 monthly Nov 2003 - Dec 2023
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 830.000 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2004 - Dec 2023
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 2,222.000 Dec 2023 monthly Sep 2003 - Dec 2023
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 1,132.000 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2004 - Dec 2023
Exports: 2007p (USD th) 3,837,345.34 Apr 2018 monthly Jan 2008 - Apr 2018
Imports: 2007p (USD th) 3,175,235.60 Apr 2018 monthly Jan 2008 - Apr 2018
Exports: MINCETUR: South Korea (USD mn) 271.00 May 2018 monthly Sep 2003 - May 2018
Imports: MINCETUR: NAFTA: Canada (USD mn) 51.00 May 2018 monthly Sep 2003 - May 2018
Imports: MINCETUR: NAFTA: Mexico (USD mn) 165.00 May 2018 monthly Sep 2003 - May 2018
Imports: MINCETUR: India (USD mn) 89.00 May 2018 monthly Sep 2003 - May 2018
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) -329.4 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1980 - Sep 2023
Current Account Balance (USD mn) 57.9 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1977 - Sep 2023
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) 0.1 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1990 - Sep 2023
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) 1,750.7 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1977 - Sep 2023
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) 2.5 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1990 - Sep 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) -479.800 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1993 - Sep 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) -0.7 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1993 - Sep 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) -10.4 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1993 - Sep 2023
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) -469.359 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1993 - Sep 2023
External Debt (USD mn) 102,172.1 Dec 2022 quarterly Mar 2012 - Dec 2022
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 41.8 2022 yearly 1980 - 2022
External Debt: Short Term (USD mn) 9,214.5 Dec 2022 quarterly Mar 2012 - Dec 2022
External Debt: Short Term: % of GDP (%) 3.8 2022 yearly 1980 - 2022
Forecast: Current Account Balance (USD bn) -5.104 2028 yearly 1980 - 2028
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) -106,909.181 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1980 - Sep 2023
BoP: Financial Account: Private Sector: Liabilities: Direct Investment (USD mn) 613.137 Dec 2018 quarterly Mar 1980 - Dec 2018
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: Netherlands (USD mn) 1,401.951 2022 yearly 1980 - 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: Spain (USD mn) 5,227.562 2022 yearly 1980 - 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: Chile (USD mn) 3,582.906 2022 yearly 1980 - 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: United Kingdom (USD mn) 6,339.580 2022 yearly 1980 - 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: USA (USD mn) 3,232.366 2022 yearly 1980 - 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: Energy (USD mn) 3,501.445 2022 yearly 1980 - 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock (USD mn) 30,201.706 2022 yearly 1980 - 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: Industry (USD mn) 3,442.074 2022 yearly 1980 - 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: Finance (USD mn) 6,590.497 2022 yearly 1980 - 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: Communications (USD mn) 5,521.385 2022 yearly 1980 - 2022
Foreign Direct Investment: Stock: Mining (USD mn) 6,916.809 2022 yearly 1980 - 2022
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 3.7 Dec 2023 monthly Dec 2004 - Dec 2023
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 17.1 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 2001 - Sep 2023
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 71,607.897 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1992 - Dec 2023
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 122,295.705 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1992 - Dec 2023
M2 Growth (%) 1.9 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1993 - Dec 2023
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 6.0 Jan 2024 monthly Apr 1997 - Jan 2024
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 65,278.0 Dec 2023 monthly Dec 1956 - Dec 2023
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 25.081 Sep 2023 quarterly Dec 1990 - Sep 2023
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 15.7 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1985 - Dec 2023
Gold Reserves (USD mn) 2,299.000 Dec 2023 monthly Dec 1956 - Dec 2023
Total Deposits (USD mn) 90,388.497 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1998 - Dec 2023
Total Deposits Growth (%) 2.8 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 1999 - Dec 2023
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 52,632.6 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 1992 - Nov 2023
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 8.4 Nov 2023 monthly Jan 1993 - Nov 2023
Household Debt (USD mn) 45,746.6 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2001 - Dec 2023
Total Loans (USD mn) 94,598.230 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2001 - Dec 2023
Total Loans Growth (%) -1.60 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2023
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 36.35 Sep 2023 quarterly Mar 1992 - Sep 2023
Official Reserve Assets (ORA) (USD mn) 70,474.000 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2001 - Dec 2023
ORA: Foreign Currency Reserves in Convertible Foreign Currencies (FCR) (USD mn) 65,437.000 Dec 2023 monthly Jan 2001 - Dec 2023
Depository Corporations: Broad Money (PEN mn) 288,389.11 Jun 2018 monthly Jan 1992 - Jun 2018
Banking System: Net Domestic Credit (PEN mn) 116,956.557 Jun 2018 monthly Jan 1992 - Jun 2018
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Business Confidence Growth (% Point) 23.9 Jan 2024 monthly Apr 2003 - Jan 2024
BCRP Forecast: Consumer Price Index: YoY (%) 2.500 2020 yearly 2016 - 2020

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