European Union Real Effective Exchange Rate

1993 - 2021 | Monthly | 2005=100 | CEIC Data

European Union Real Effective Exchange Rate (REER: 2005=100: Month Avg: Euro Area) was 92.8 in Jan 2021, compared with the number of 93.3 in the previous month. EU Real Effective Exchange Rate data is updated monthly and averaged 110.0 from Jan 1993 to Jan 2021. The data reached an all-time high of 110.0 in Jan 1993 and a record low of 79.7 in Oct 2000. CEIC generates Real Effective Exchange Rate Index with base 2005=100. European Central Bank provides Real Effective Exchange Rate Index with base 1Q1999=100 - Trade Weighted Index of a 42 currencies group. CPI is used as a deflator. An increase in REER indicates reduced competitiveness for the reporting economy. Real Effective Exchange Rate Index covers Euro Area 19 only.


In the latest reports, EU Short Term Interest Rate: Month End: EURIBOR: 3 Months was reported at -0.5 % pa in Jan 2021. Its Long Term Interest Rate (Government Bond Yield: Monthly Average: Euro: 10 Years) was reported at -0.1 % pa in Jan 2021. The cash rate (Policy Rate: Month End: Euro Area: Main Refinancing Operations) was set at 0.0 % pa in Jan 2021. EU Exchange Rate against USD averaged 0.8 (EUR/USD) in Jan 2021.

View European Union's Real Effective Exchange Rate from Jan 1993 to Jan 2021 in the chart:

European Union Real Effective Exchange Rate

What was European Union's Real Effective Exchange Rate in Jan 2021?

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
92.8 Jan 2021 93.3 Dec 2020 79.7 Oct 2000 110.0 Jan 1993 2005=100 monthly Jan 1993 - Jan 2021

Real Effective Exchange Rate by Country Comparison

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Includes Real Effective Exchange Rate on 92 economies standardised by CEIC. Instant access to full history data in excel.
country/region Last Frequency Range
Algeria (2005=100) 82.3 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jan 2021
Argentina (2005=100) 76.5 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1997 - Jan 2021
Armenia (2005=100) 129.8 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 1997 - Dec 2020
Australia (2005=100) 102.7 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jan 2021
Austria (2005=100) 102.8 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jan 2021
Azerbaijan (2005=100) 125.2 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 2005 - Jan 2021
Bahrain (2005=100) 96.6 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1980 - Jan 2021
Bangladesh (2005=100) 155.9 2016 yearly 1999 - 2016
Belarus (2005=100) 101.0 Dec 2014 monthly Jan 1996 - Dec 2014
Belgium (2005=100) 101.5 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jan 2021
Bolivia (2005=100) 53.2 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jan 2021
Bosnia and Herzegovina (2005=100) 99.9 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2005 - Dec 2020
Botswana (Sep2016=100) 100.7 Feb 2019 monthly Dec 2006 - Feb 2019
Brazil (2005=100) 77.7 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 1988 - Dec 2020
Bulgaria (2005=100) 120.7 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jan 2021
Canada (2005=100) 92.1 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 1999 - Dec 2020
Chile (2005=100) 103.1 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1986 - Jan 2021
China (2005=100) 151.6 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jan 2021
Colombia (2005=100) 115.6 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1990 - Jan 2021
Croatia (2005=100) 103.7 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 1996 - Dec 2020
Cyprus (2005=100) 94.5 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jan 2021
Czech Republic (2005=100) 122.8 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 1995 - Dec 2020
Denmark (2005=100) 99.5 Feb 2020 monthly Jan 1970 - Feb 2020
Ecuador (2007=100) 110.3 Nov 2017 monthly Jan 2011 - Nov 2017
Estonia (2005=100) 122.2 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jan 2021
European Union (2005=100) 92.8 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jan 2021
Finland (2005=100) 97.4 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jan 2021
France (2005=100) 94.2 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jan 2021
Georgia (2005=100) 98.7 Jan 2021 monthly Dec 1995 - Jan 2021
Germany (2005=100) 93.8 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jan 2021
Ghana (2005=100) 62.7 Dec 2020 monthly Dec 1979 - Dec 2020
Greece (2005=100) 94.4 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jan 2021
Hong Kong SAR, China (2005=100) 102.7 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jan 2021
Hungary (2005=100) 110.1 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 1990 - Dec 2020
Iceland (2005=100) 79.0 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1979 - Jan 2021
India (2005=100) 114.9 Dec 2020 monthly Apr 2004 - Dec 2020
Indonesia (2005=100) 112.3 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jan 2021
Iran (2005=100) 223.6 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1979 - Jan 2021
Ireland (2005=100) 86.6 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jan 2021
Israel (2005=100) 130.1 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jan 2021
Italy (2005=100) 94.4 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jan 2021
Ivory Coast (2005=100) 100.3 Jan 2021 monthly Dec 1979 - Jan 2021
Japan (2005=100) 75.4 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1970 - Jan 2021
Kazakhstan (2005=100) 84.7 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 1995 - Dec 2020
Kenya (2005=100) 73.5 Aug 2015 monthly Oct 1997 - Aug 2015
South Korea (2005=100) 89.6 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jan 2021
Kosovo (Jan2007=100) 108.0 Dec 2020 monthly Dec 2006 - Dec 2020
Kyrgyzstan (2005=100) 117.5 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2000 - Dec 2020
Latvia (2005=100) 120.7 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jan 2021
Lithuania (2005=100) 117.7 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jan 2021
Luxembourg (2005=100) 101.9 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jan 2021
North Macedonia (2005=100) 102.4 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jan 2021
Malawi (2010=100) 77.8 Dec 2020 monthly Dec 1979 - Dec 2020
Malaysia (2005=100) 91.1 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jan 2021
Malta (2005=100) 99.8 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jan 2021
Mexico (2005=100) 123.8 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 1968 - Dec 2020
Moldova (2005=100) 158.8 Jan 2021 monthly Nov 1993 - Jan 2021
Mongolia (2005=100) 98.1 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2000 - Dec 2020
Morocco (2005=100) 97.6 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1988 - Jan 2021
Netherlands (2005=100) 95.5 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jan 2021
New Zealand (2005=100) 94.6 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 1984 - Nov 2020
Nigeria (2005=100) 127.8 Jan 2021 monthly Dec 1979 - Jan 2021
Norway (2005=100) 83.1 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jan 2021
Pakistan (2005=100) 92.2 Jun 2019 monthly Jul 2001 - Jun 2019
Paraguay (2005=100) 68.9 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1995 - Jan 2021
Peru (2005=100) 102.2 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1991 - Jan 2021
Philippines (2005=100) 146.6 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jan 2021
Poland (2005=100) 94.3 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jan 2021
Portugal (2005=100) 95.2 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jan 2021
Romania (2005=100) 102.5 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jan 2021
Russia (2005=100) 90.3 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jan 2021
Saudi Arabia (2005=100) 119.3 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jan 2021
Serbia (2005=100) 127.2 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2020
Singapore (2005=100) 116.5 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jan 2021
Slovakia (2005=100) 130.7 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jan 2021
Slovenia (2005=100) 99.9 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jan 2021
South Africa (2005=100) 84.4 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 1970 - Nov 2020
Spain (2005=100) 98.7 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1993 - Jan 2021
Sri Lanka (2005=100) 130.4 Mar 2019 monthly Jan 2003 - Mar 2019
Sweden (2005=100) 85.6 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jan 2021
Switzerland (2005=100) 114.1 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1973 - Jan 2021
Taiwan (2005=100) 93.7 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jan 2021
Thailand (2005=100) 128.7 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 1994 - Dec 2020
Tunisia (2005=100) 77.8 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1979 - Jan 2021
Turkey (2005=100) 58.8 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jan 2021
Ukraine (2005=100) 81.2 Jan 2021 monthly Dec 1992 - Jan 2021
United Arab Emirates (2005=100) 115.3 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jan 2021
United Kingdom (2005=100) 80.2 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1994 - Jan 2021
United States (2005=100) 104.2 Dec 2019 monthly Jan 1973 - Dec 2019
Uruguay (2005=100) 57.6 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2000 - Dec 2020
Venezuela (2005=100) 0.8 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1994 - Feb 2019
Zambia (2005=100) 150.4 Aug 2020 monthly Jan 2013 - Aug 2020

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European Union Key Series

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Includes 493 key indicators for European Union, curated by CEIC analysts. Instant access to full history data in excel.
Government and Public Finance Last Frequency Range
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP (%) -0.5 2019 yearly 1995 - 2019
Consolidated Fiscal Balance (USD mn) -82,525.329 2019 yearly 1999 - 2019
Tax Revenue (USD mn) 4,145,878.421 2019 yearly 1999 - 2019
Tax Revenue: % of GDP (%) 26.5 2019 yearly 1995 - 2019
National Government Debt (USD mn) 14,109,997.5 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2020
Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 89.8 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2020
BE: General Government Debt: % of GDP (%) 98.600 2019 yearly 1995 - 2019
General Govt: Expenditure: EU 28: Current Taxes on Income Wealth (EUR mn) 3,875.300 2018 yearly 2001 - 2018
General Govt: Revenue: EU 27E: Production and Import Tax (EUR mn) 1,887,445.300 2019 yearly 1995 - 2019
General Govt: Revenue: EU 28: Production and Import Tax (EUR mn) 2,129,883.400 2018 yearly 2001 - 2018
General Govt: Expenditure: EU 28: Capital Transfer (EUR mn) 158,376.700 2018 yearly 2001 - 2018
General Govt: Expenditure: EU 27E: Capital Transfer (EUR mn) 124,996.000 2019 yearly 1995 - 2019
General Govt: Balance: EU 27 excl UK (EU 27E) (EUR mn) -73,718.000 2019 yearly 1995 - 2019
General Govt: Expenditure: EU 27E: Total (EUR mn) 6,513,555.400 2019 yearly 1995 - 2019
General Govt: Expenditure: EU 27E: Cur Taxes on Income Wealth & Etc (EUR mn) 2,446.200 2019 yearly 1995 - 2019
General Govt: Revenue: EU 27E: Total (EUR mn) 6,439,837.500 2019 yearly 1995 - 2019
General Govt: Revenue: EA 19: Current Taxes on Income Wealth and Etc (EUR mn) 1,503,285.600 2018 yearly 1995 - 2018
General Govt: Revenue: EA 19: Production and Import Tax (EUR mn) 1,504,935.500 2018 yearly 1995 - 2018
General Govt: Expenditure: EA 19: Capital Transfer (EUR mn) 123,173.500 2018 yearly 1995 - 2018
General Govt: Balance: EA 19 (EUR mn) -74,137.100 2019 yearly 1995 - 2019
General Govt: Revenue: EA 19 (EUR mn) 5,541,315.200 2019 yearly 1995 - 2019
General Govt: Expenditure: EA 19 (EUR mn) 5,615,452.200 2019 yearly 1995 - 2019
SSC: Balance: EU 27 excl UK (EU 27E) (EUR mn) 33,255.900 2019 yearly 1995 - 2019
Gross Debt: General Government: EU 27 excl UK (EUR mn) 12,036,166.100 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2000 - Sep 2020
Gross Debt: General Govt: SFD: Short Term: EU 27 excl UK (EUR mn) 484,809.100 2019 yearly 2000 - 2019
Gross Debt: General Govt: SFD: Long Term: EU 27 excl UK (EUR mn) 8,242,086.400 2019 yearly 2000 - 2019
General Government Debt: % of GDP: EU 27 excl UK (%) 77.800 2019 yearly 2000 - 2019
Foreign Trade Last Frequency Range
Trade Balance (USD mn) 32,189.8 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2020
Total Exports (USD mn) 209,819.3 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2020
Total Exports Growth (%) -3.9 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2003 - Dec 2020
Total Imports (USD mn) 177,629.4 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2020
Total Imports Growth (%) -8.0 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2003 - Dec 2020
Total Exports to USA (USD mn) 39,668.897 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2020
Total Imports from USA (USD mn) 21,279.703 Sep 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Sep 2020
Total Exports to China (USD mn) 21,769.064 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
Total Imports from China (USD mn) 39,276.630 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
AT: Exports Volume Index: swda (2015=100) 102.200 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2000 - Nov 2020
AT: Imports Volume Index: swda (2015=100) 100.300 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2000 - Nov 2020
BE: Trade Balance: swda (EUR mn) 2,903.300 Oct 2020 monthly Jan 1999 - Oct 2020
Imports: EU 27 excl UK (EU 27E) (EUR bn) 151.333 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
Trade Balance: EU 27E (EUR bn) 25.251 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
Trade Balance: EA 19 (EUR bn) 22.51 Jun 2018 monthly Jan 1999 - Jun 2018
Exports: EU 27E (EUR bn) 176.585 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
Exports: swda: EU 27E (EUR bn) 172.435 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2020
Imports: EU 28: MP: CR: Medicinal & Pharmaceutical (EUR bn) 7.177 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 2000 - Feb 2019
Imports: EU 27E: MP: Other Manufactured Products (OP) (EUR bn) 35.122 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2020
Exports: EU 27E: MP: Other Manufactured Products (OP) (EUR bn) 39.205 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2020
Exports: EU 27E: CR: Medicinal & Pharmaceutical (EUR bn) 18.563 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 1999 - Nov 2020
Exports: EU 28: MP: OP: MG: Iron & Steel (EUR bn) 2.838 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 2000 - Feb 2019
Exports: EU 28: MP: CR: Medicinal & Pharmaceutical (EUR bn) 14.257 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 2000 - Feb 2019
Imports: EU 27E: CR: Medicinal & Pharmaceutical (EUR bn) 8.012 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 1999 - Nov 2020
Exports: EU 27E: RM: Crude Materials, Inedible except Fuels (CI) (EUR bn) 4.304 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2020
Imports: EU 27E: RM: Crude Materials, Inedible except Fuels (CI) (EUR bn) 5.971 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2020
Imports: EU 27E: MP: Chemicals & Related Products, nes (CR) (EUR bn) 18.272 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2020
Exports: EU 27E: MP: Chemicals & Related Products, nes (CR) (EUR bn) 32.203 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2020
Exports: EU 27E: MP: Machinery & Transport Equipment (MT) (EUR bn) 75.165 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2020
Exports: EU 27E: MP: OP: MG: Iron & Steel (EUR bn) 2.399 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 1999 - Nov 2020
Imports: EU 27E: Food, Drink and Tobacco (FT) (FT) (EUR bn) 9.341 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2020
Exports: EA 19: Machinery and Transport Equipment (EUR bn) 75.377 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Exports: EA 19: Other Manufactured Products (EUR bn) 44.525 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Exports: EA 19: Chemicals & Related Products, nes (EUR bn) 34.092 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Exports: EA 19: Crude Materials, Inedible Except Fuels (EUR bn) 4.222 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Imports: EA 19: Crude Materials, Inedible Except Fuels (EUR bn) 6.096 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Imports: EA 19: Chemicals & Related Products, nes (EUR bn) 20.204 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Imports: EA 19: Other Manufactured Products (EUR bn) 43.113 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Imports: EA 19: Food, Drink and Tobacco (EUR bn) 10.865 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Imports: EA 19: Machinery and Transport Equipment (EUR bn) 56.766 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Exports: EA 19: Food, Drink and Tobacco (EUR bn) 13.662 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Imports: EU 27E: MP: OP: MG: Iron & Steel (EUR bn) 2.081 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 1999 - Nov 2020
Imports: EU 27E: MP: Machinery & Transport Equipment (MT) (EUR bn) 52.577 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2020
Imports: EU 28: MP: OP: MG: Iron & Steel (EUR bn) 3.146 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 2000 - Feb 2019
Exports: EU 27E: Food, Drink & Tobacco (FT) (EUR bn) 14.289 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2020
Exports: swda: EA 19: Crude Materials, Inedible Except Fuels (EUR bn) 4.127 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Imports: swda: EU 27E: MP: Other Manufactured Products (OP) (EUR bn) 40.515 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2020
Imports: swda: EU 27 excl UK (EU 27E) (EUR bn) 145.981 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2020
Imports: swda: EU 27E: MP: Chemicals & Related Products, nes (CR) (EUR bn) 20.498 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2020
Exports: swda: EA 19: Other Manufactured Products (EUR bn) 46.325 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Imports: swda: EA 19: Other Manufactured Products (EUR bn) 44.118 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Exports: swda: EU 27E: RM: Crude Materials, Inedible ex Fuels (CI) (EUR bn) 4.586 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2020
Imports: swda: EA 19: Food, Drink and Tobacco (EUR bn) 11.856 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Exports: swda: EA 19: Chemicals & Related Products, nes (EUR bn) 35.365 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Imports: swda: EA 19: Chemicals & Related Products, nes (EUR bn) 20.402 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Exports: swda: EU 27E: Food, Drink & Tobacco (FT) (EUR bn) 14.562 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2020
Imports: swda: EU 27E: Food, Drink & Tobacco (FT) (EUR bn) 9.450 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2020
Imports: swda: EA 19: Crude Materials, Inedible Except Fuels (EUR bn) 6.423 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Imports: swda: EA 19: Machinery and Transport Equipment (EUR bn) 60.256 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Exports: swda: EA 19: Food, Drink and Tobacco (EUR bn) 14.629 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Imports: swda: EU 27E: MP: Machinery & Transport Equipment (MT) (EUR bn) 53.519 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2020
Exports: swda: EA 19: Machinery and Transport Equipment (EUR bn) 80.203 Feb 2019 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2019
Exports: swda: EU 27E: MP: Chemicals & Related Products, nes (CR) (EUR bn) 35.611 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2020
Exports: swda: EU 27E: MP: Other Manufactured Products (OP) (EUR bn) 40.860 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2020
Exports: swda: EU 27E: MP: Machinery & Transport Equipment (MT) (EUR bn) 73.847 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2020
Trade Balance: swda: EU 27E (EUR bn) 26.454 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2020
Imports: swda: EU 27E: RM: Crude Materials, Inedible ex Fuels (CI) (EUR bn) 6.482 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Dec 2020
Imports: EU 27 excl UK (EU 27E): China: Total (EUR bn) 35.369 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
Exports: EU 27E: China: Total (EUR bn) 19.313 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
Imports: swda: EU 27E: China: Total (EUR bn) 33.212 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
Exports: swda: EU 27E: China: Total (EUR bn) 17.519 Oct 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Oct 2020
Imports Unit Value Index: EU27E (2015=100) 101.200 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
Exports Unit Value Index: EU27E (2015=100) 106.100 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
Imports Volume Index: EU27E (2015=100) 109.900 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
Exports Volume Index: EU27E (2015=100) 107.000 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
Imports Volume Index: swda: EU27E (2015=100) 105.800 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
Exports Volume Index: swda: EU27E (2015=100) 103.600 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
IVI: EU 27E: Crude Materials, Inedible (2015=100) 119.700 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
IVI: EU 27E: Petroleum Products (2015=100) 114.800 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
IVI: EU 27E: Machinery and Transport Equipment (2015=100) 121.800 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
IVI: EU 27E: Raw Materials (2015=100) 120.100 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
IVI: EU 27E: Manufactured Products (2015=100) 114.100 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
EVI: EU 27E: Food and Live Animals (2015=100) 129.400 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
EVI: EU 27E: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants (2015=100) 104.300 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
EVI: EU 27E: Chemicals & Related Products, nes (2015=100) 131.400 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
EVI: EU 27E: Machinery and Transport Equipment (2015=100) 97.200 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
EVI: EU 27E: Raw Materials (2015=100) 129.000 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
IVI: swda: EU 27E: Beverages and Tobacco (2015=100) 96.500 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
IVI: swda: EU 27E: Raw Materials (2015=100) 113.900 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
EVI: swda: EU 27E: Crude Materials, Inedible (2015=100) 126.200 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
EVI: swda: EU 27E: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants (2015=100) 89.800 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
IVI: swda: EU 27E: Crude Materials, Inedible (2015=100) 112.900 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
EVI: swda: EU 27E: Chemicals & Related Products, nes (2015=100) 128.600 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
EVI: swda: EU 27E: Machinery and Transport Equipment (2015=100) 93.900 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
EVI: swda: EU 27E: Raw Materials (2015=100) 127.200 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
IVI: swda: EU 27E: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants (2015=100) 88.300 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
IVI: swda: EU 27E: Petroleum Products (2015=100) 85.900 Nov 2020 monthly Jan 2002 - Nov 2020
Balance of Payments Last Frequency Range
Direct Investment Abroad (USD mn) -109,338.6 Dec 2020 monthly Apr 1999 - Dec 2020
Current Account Balance (USD mn) 144,082.2 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
Current Account Balance: % of GDP (%) 2.9 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2020
Foreign Direct Investment (USD mn) -33,544.8 Dec 2020 monthly Apr 1999 - Dec 2020
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP (%) -0.5 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment (USD mn) -252,778.519 Dec 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: % of GDP (%) 4.0 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Equity Securities (USD mn) 61,177.9 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2020
Foreign Portfolio Investment: Debt Securities (USD mn) 71,194.950 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2020
External Debt (USD mn) 17,746,817.9 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 2008 - Sep 2020
External Debt: % of GDP (%) 123.7 2019 yearly 2008 - 2019
Total Debt: % of GDP (%) 732.5 2019 yearly 2001 - 2019
Net International Investment Position (USD mn) -11,868.850 Sep 2020 quarterly Mar 1999 - Sep 2020
BOP: EU27E: Debit: Current and Capital Account (EUR bn) 963.694 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Current Account: Primary Income (EUR bn) 28.383 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Credit: Current Account: Goods (EUR bn) 569.427 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Credit: Current Account: Secondary Income (EUR bn) 24.371 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: FA: Portfolio Investment (PI) (EUR bn) 123.204 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Current Account: Goods (EUR bn) 91.994 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Credit: Current Account (EUR bn) 1,050.863 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Credit: Current Account: Primary Income (EUR bn) 190.739 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Debit: Current Account (EUR bn) 939.032 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Debit: Current Account: Goods (EUR bn) 473.043 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Credit: Current Account: Goods (EUR bn) 556.488 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Credit: Current Account: Primary Income (EUR bn) 187.329 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Credit: FA: Portfolio Investment (EUR bn) 158.279 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Debit: Current Account: Secondary Income (EUR bn) 44.582 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Debit: FA: PI: Equity & Investment Fund (EUR bn) 95.930 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Current Account: Secondary Income (EUR bn) -15.452 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Credit: Current Account: Secondary Income (EUR bn) 24.902 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Current Account: Goods (EUR bn) 83.445 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Capital Account (EUR bn) -9.274 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Current Account: Primary Income (EUR bn) 10.779 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Credit: Capital Account (EUR bn) 8.108 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Debit: FA: Portfolio Investment (EUR bn) 35.075 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Debit: Current Account: Services (EUR bn) 261.941 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Current Account (EUR bn) 90.896 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Credit: Current Account (EUR bn) 1,029.929 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Current and Capital Account (EUR bn) 95.277 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Current Account: Services (EUR bn) 4.385 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Debit: Current Account: Primary Income (EUR bn) 162.355 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Credit: Financial Account: Direct Investment (EUR bn) -62.153 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Debit: Current Account (EUR bn) 946.312 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Debit: Capital Account (EUR bn) 17.383 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Debit: FA: PI: Debt Securities (EUR bn) -60.849 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Current Account: Services (EUR bn) 12.124 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Credit: Current Account: Services (EUR bn) 261.210 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Debit: Financial Account: Direct Investment (EUR bn) -229.238 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Credit: Current and Capital Account (EUR bn) 1,058.971 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Credit: Current Account: Services (EUR bn) 266.326 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Debit: Current Account: Goods (EUR bn) 477.433 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Debit: Current Account: Primary Income (EUR bn) 176.550 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Debit: Current Account: Secondary Income (EUR bn) 40.353 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: swda: Debit: Current Account: Services (EUR bn) 249.086 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 1999 - Dec 2019
BOP: EU27E: Financial Account: Direct Investment (DI) (EUR bn) 167.086 Dec 2019 quarterly Mar 2008 - Dec 2019
BOP: EA 19: CA: Services (EUR bn) 10.289 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 1999 - Dec 2020
BOP: EA 19: CA: Services: Credit (EUR bn) 81.842 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 1999 - Dec 2020
BOP: EA 19: CA: Services: Debit (EUR bn) 71.553 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 1999 - Dec 2020
Monetary Last Frequency Range
Non Performing Loans Ratio (%) 3.7 2017 yearly 2008 - 2017
Household Debt: % of GDP (%) 53.2 Sep 2020 quarterly Sep 1997 - Sep 2020
Money Supply M1 (USD mn) 12,540,996.642 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 1999 - Dec 2020
Money Supply M2 (USD mn) 16,808,497.365 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 1999 - Dec 2020
M2 Growth (%) 11.0 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 1981 - Dec 2020
Reserve Requirement Ratio (%) 1.0 Feb 2021 monthly Jan 1999 - Feb 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves (USD mn) 315,607.1 Jan 2021 monthly Dec 1999 - Jan 2021
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP (%) 2.340 Sep 2020 quarterly Dec 1999 - Sep 2020
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import (NA) 1.6 Dec 2020 monthly Dec 1999 - Dec 2020
Total Deposits (USD mn) 17,003,377.028 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 1999 - Dec 2020
Total Deposits Growth (%) 9.9 Jan 2021 monthly Sep 1998 - Jan 2021
Domestic Credit (USD mn) 26,097,344.8 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 1999 - Dec 2020
Domestic Credit Growth (%) 8.1 Dec 2020 monthly Sep 1998 - Dec 2020
Household Debt (USD mn) 7,491,885.0 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 1999 - Dec 2020
Total Loans (USD mn) 19,475,613.399 Oct 2020 monthly Jan 1999 - Oct 2020
Total Loans Growth (%) 2.02 Oct 2020 monthly Sep 1998 - Oct 2020
Private Debt: % of Nominal GDP (%) 94.53 Sep 2020 quarterly Sep 1997 - Sep 2020
Money Supply M3: Outstanding (EUR bn) 14,492.039 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 1970 - Dec 2020
Money Supply M2: Outstanding (EUR bn) 13,749.369 Dec 2020 monthly Jan 1980 - Dec 2020
Eurosystem: Official Reserve Assets (ORA) (EUR bn) 880.232 Jan 2021 monthly Nov 1999 - Jan 2021
Eurosystem: ORA: Foreign Currency Reserves (FCR) (EUR bn) 259.995 Jan 2021 monthly Nov 1999 - Jan 2021
MFIs Loans: Outstanding: Households: Consumer Credit (CS) (EUR bn) 686.042 Jan 2019 monthly Sep 1997 - Jan 2019
MFIs Loans: Outstanding: Households: HP: Over 5 Years (EUR bn) 4,296.809 Jan 2019 monthly Sep 1997 - Jan 2019
MFIs Loans: Outstanding: Non Financial Sector (EUR bn) 4,707.849 Dec 2020 monthly Sep 1997 - Dec 2020
MFIs Deposits: Outstanding: Non Financial Corp (NFC) (EUR bn) 3,140.325 Dec 2020 monthly Sep 1997 - Dec 2020
MFIs Deposits: Outstanding: Households (EUR bn) 8,342.302 Dec 2020 monthly Sep 1997 - Dec 2020
Business and Economic Survey Last Frequency Range
Business Confidence: Net Balance (% Point) -8.7 Jan 2020 monthly Jan 1985 - Jan 2020
Business Confidence Growth (% Point) 1.2 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1986 - Jan 2021
Construction Confidence Indicator (CCI): sa: EU 27 excl UK (EU 27E) (% Point) -15.900 Apr 2020 monthly Jan 1985 - Apr 2020
Business Climate Indicator: sa: Euro Area 19 (NA) -0.270 Jan 2021 monthly Jan 1985 - Jan 2021
Economic Sentiment Index: sa: EU 27 excl UK (NA) 65.800 Apr 2020 monthly Jan 1985 - Apr 2020
Industrial Confidence Indicator (ICI): sa: EA 19 (% Point) 5.80 Jul 2018 monthly Jan 1985 - Jul 2018
Industrial Confidence Indicator (ICI): sa: EU 27 excl UK (EU 27E) (% Point) -30.600 Apr 2020 monthly Jan 1985 - Apr 2020
Service Confidence Indicator (SCI): sa: Euro Area 19 (% Point) 15.30 Jul 2018 monthly Jan 1996 - Jul 2018
Service Confidence Indicator (SCI): sa: EU 27 excl UK (EU 27E) (% Point) -35.400 Apr 2020 monthly Oct 1996 - Apr 2020

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