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European Union Real Effective Exchange Rate

1980 - 2017 | monthly | 2005=100 | CEIC Generated

EU's Real Effective Exchange Rate (REER: 2005=100: Month Avg: EA) was 90.6 in Sep 2017, compared with the number of 90.7 in the previous month. EU's Real Effective Exchange Rate data is updated monthly and averaged 110.5 from Jan 1980 to Sep 2017. The data reached an all-time high of 110.5 in Jan 1993 and a record low of 41.3 in Sep 1980. CEIC generates Real Effective Exchange Rate Index with base 2005=100. European Central Bank provides Real Effective Exchange Rate Index with base 1Q1999=100 - Trade Weighted Index of a 38 currencies group. CPI is used as a deflator. An increase in REER indicates reduced competitiveness for the reporting economy.


In the latest reports, EU's Short Term Interest Rate: Month End: EURIBOR: 3 Months was reported at -0.3 % pa in Sep 2017. Its Long Term Interest Rate (Long Term Interest Rate: Month Avg: EU: Government Bond Yield: 10 Years) was reported at 1.1 % pa in Sep 2017. The cash rate (Policy Rate: Month End: EA: Main Refinancing Operations) was set at 0.0 % pa in Sep 2017. EU's Exchange Rate against USD averaged 0.8 (EUR/USD) in Sep 2017.

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What was European Union's Real Effective Exchange Rate in Sep 2017?

Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range

90.6

Sep 2017

90.7

Aug 2017

41.3

Sep 1980

110.5

Jan 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017

View European Union's Real Effective Exchange Rate from Jan 1980 to Sep 2017 in the chart:

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More Countries for Real Effective Exchange Rate

Country Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
United States

97.3

Sep 2017

98.4

Aug 2017

82.7

Jul 2011

132.2

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1973 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Canada

100.7

Sep 2017

98.3

Aug 2017

79.0

Nov 2001

122.7

Nov 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1998 - Sep 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
France

92.7

Sep 2017

92.7

Aug 2017

88.7

Apr 2015

106.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Germany

92.5

Sep 2017

92.5

Aug 2017

87.0

Apr 2015

117.1

Mar 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Italy

94.8

Sep 2017

94.8

Aug 2017

73.6

Nov 1981

126.5

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Japan

76.2

Aug 2017

75.3

Jul 2017

57.3

Aug 1970

151.4

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
United Kingdom

78.5

Sep 2017

77.1

Aug 2017

75.3

Oct 2016

107.9

Apr 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Austria

99.6

Sep 2017

99.5

Aug 2017

94.5

Apr 2015

110.6

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Belgium

100.4

Sep 2017

100.4

Aug 2017

91.1

Oct 2000

109.1

Apr 1995

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Bulgaria

113.0

Sep 2017

113.2

Aug 2017

40.2

Jan 1997

124.7

Jun 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Cyprus

93.5

Sep 2017

93.7

Aug 2017

86.9

Aug 1993

103.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Czech Republic

116.9

Sep 2017

116.9

Aug 2017

71.5

Jan 1995

129.8

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Denmark

103.7

Jul 2017

102.7

Jun 2017

83.5

Jan 1984

108.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Jul 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Estonia

119.3

Sep 2017

119.4

Aug 2017

43.6

Jan 1993

119.4

Aug 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Finland

97.0

Sep 2017

97.2

Aug 2017

93.2

Apr 2015

161.0

Jan 1992

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Greece

95.2

Sep 2017

95.4

Aug 2017

86.6

Sep 2000

107.2

Nov 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Hungary

98.9

Aug 2017

100.0

Jul 2017

83.9

Jul 2008

188.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Iceland

90.6

Sep 2017

91.9

Aug 2017

56.9

Nov 2008

108.5

Apr 1974

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Ireland

88.6

Sep 2017

88.7

Aug 2017

79.1

Oct 2000

109.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Latvia

117.2

Sep 2017

117.4

Aug 2017

39.4

Jan 1993

129.3

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Lithuania

114.4

Sep 2017

114.6

Aug 2017

1.2

Dec 1990

119.2

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1990 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Argentina

56.2

Sep 2017

57.2

Aug 2017

41.1

Oct 2001

123.0

Jun 2002

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Luxembourg

99.3

Sep 2017

99.3

Aug 2017

89.0

Oct 2000

105.1

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Malta

98.9

Sep 2017

99.0

Aug 2017

81.4

Aug 1993

106.3

Oct 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Bolivia

58.1

Aug 2017

58.0

Jul 2017

54.1

Feb 2016

102.5

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Netherlands

92.2

Sep 2017

92.3

Aug 2017

80.8

Mar 1985

103.0

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Norway

88.1

Sep 2017

88.0

Aug 2017

81.8

Dec 2015

111.3

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Brazil

112.6

Aug 2017

112.4

Jul 2017

64.1

Oct 2002

165.2

Mar 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Poland

94.0

Sep 2017

94.1

Aug 2017

69.2

Aug 1994

125.0

Jul 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Chile

97.0

Aug 2017

97.9

Jul 2017

79.1

Oct 1997

121.9

Jan 1990

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1986 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Portugal

95.9

Sep 2017

96.0

Aug 2017

89.9

Oct 2000

102.2

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Colombia

111.9

Sep 2017

113.8

Aug 2017

80.5

Mar 1999

127.7

Jan 2003

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1990 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Romania

96.6

Sep 2017

97.5

Aug 2017

45.6

Feb 1997

122.2

Jul 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Slovakia

125.3

Sep 2017

125.3

Aug 2017

59.2

Sep 1993

134.6

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Slovenia

98.9

Sep 2017

99.0

Aug 2017

85.5

Feb 1994

105.8

Mar 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Ecuador

106.5

Sep 2017

104.5

Aug 2017

85.1

Mar 2015

106.5

Sep 2017

2007=100

monthly

Jan 2011 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Mexico

120.1

Jul 2017

121.8

Jun 2017

75.3

Mar 2002

189.1

Apr 1987

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1968 - Jul 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Spain

97.5

Sep 2017

97.6

Aug 2017

87.5

Oct 2000

105.9

Apr 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Sweden

89.8

Sep 2017

89.8

Aug 2017

84.1

Mar 2009

121.9

Oct 1996

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Paraguay

61.2

Aug 2017

60.3

Jul 2017

55.4

Feb 1999

103.6

Feb 2005

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Switzerland

113.7

Sep 2017

114.4

Aug 2017

92.9

Jul 2007

129.6

Aug 2011

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Peru

92.8

Sep 2017

91.7

Aug 2017

75.2

Mar 1992

109.7

May 1991

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1991 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Uruguay

57.3

Aug 2017

57.0

Jul 2017

56.1

Jan 2017

116.5

Jan 2004

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Venezuela

2,701.0

Sep 2017

2,466.0

Aug 2017

62.2

Jun 1994

2,701.0

Sep 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Algeria

92.7

Sep 2017

95.4

Aug 2017

92.7

Sep 2017

184.9

Mar 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Australia

107.4

Sep 2017

107.5

Aug 2017

73.6

Mar 2001

126.8

Aug 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Bangladesh

155.9

2016

147.6

2015

94.8

2006

155.9

2016

2005=100

yearly

1999 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Bahrain

102.9

Aug 2017

102.8

Jul 2017

81.6

Jun 2011

228.4

Feb 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
China

143.6

Sep 2017

141.7

Aug 2017

78.1

Jan 1994

155.3

Jul 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Botswana

100.5

Jul 2017

100.6

Jun 2017

91.7

Dec 2007

102.2

Jan 2015

Sep2016=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Jul 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Hong Kong

104.8

Sep 2017

105.4

Aug 2017

81.0

Aug 2011

144.9

Aug 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
India

114.6

Sep 2017

116.0

Aug 2017

94.8

Apr 2009

117.0

Apr 2017

2005=100

monthly

Apr 2004 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Israel

123.5

Sep 2017

122.3

Aug 2017

96.7

Feb 2006

134.2

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Indonesia

115.6

Sep 2017

116.1

Aug 2017

45.4

Jun 1998

142.3

Feb 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
South Korea

89.8

Sep 2017

90.7

Aug 2017

59.2

Jan 1998

107.8

Apr 2006

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Malaysia

92.1

Sep 2017

91.6

Aug 2017

90.7

Sep 2015

140.4

Mar 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
New Zealand

99.4

Aug 2017

101.3

Jul 2017

60.5

Aug 1984

107.2

Jul 2014

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1984 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Pakistan

124.4

Aug 2017

125.8

Jul 2017

93.8

Sep 2001

129.8

Apr 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jul 2001 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Philippines

128.1

Sep 2017

128.9

Aug 2017

92.5

Dec 2003

156.1

Jan 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Singapore

120.5

Sep 2017

120.6

Aug 2017

99.0

Jun 2005

127.2

Nov 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Sri Lanka

143.0

Aug 2017

144.6

Jul 2017

90.8

Feb 2004

155.1

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Taiwan

91.3

Sep 2017

91.9

Aug 2017

83.9

Oct 2011

125.9

Jan 1994

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Thailand

120.9

Aug 2017

120.3

Jul 2017

78.1

Jan 1998

137.9

Jun 1997

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Armenia

122.1

Aug 2017

123.2

Jul 2017

84.9

Aug 2003

147.3

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1997 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Azerbaijan

114.4

Aug 2017

115.6

Jul 2017

94.5

Jan 2005

190.0

Jan 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Belarus

82.8

Mar 2015

85.5

Feb 2015

57.0

Nov 2011

221.3

Feb 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1996 - Mar 2015

Updated on May 2015
Bosnia and Herzegovina

96.7

Jul 2017

96.5

Jun 2017

96.4

Sep 2016

106.1

Jan 2009

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2005 - Jul 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Croatia

102.5

Aug 2017

102.7

Jul 2017

92.0

Oct 2009

109.9

Mar 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1996 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Georgia

111.7

Sep 2017

116.0

Aug 2017

85.0

Feb 1999

124.6

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1995 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Kazakhstan

89.4

Aug 2017

92.5

Jul 2017

81.1

Jan 2016

140.1

Jan 1999

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1995 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Kyrgyzstan

116.7

Aug 2017

115.1

Jul 2017

95.3

Mar 2000

129.7

Feb 2015

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Macedonia

99.7

Aug 2017

99.8

Jul 2017

93.2

Dec 1993

165.3

Apr 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1993 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Moldova

146.1

Aug 2017

145.0

Jul 2017

47.1

Nov 1993

154.1

Feb 2009

2005=100

monthly

Nov 1993 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Mongolia

109.9

Aug 2017

114.5

Jul 2017

68.9

Jan 2000

142.5

Jun 2012

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2000 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Russia

107.4

Sep 2017

105.4

Aug 2017

50.5

Oct 1994

136.9

Feb 2013

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Serbia

122.6

Sep 2017

122.6

Aug 2017

88.6

Jan 2002

140.8

Sep 2008

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2002 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Turkey

80.0

Sep 2017

79.4

Aug 2017

77.6

Jan 2017

113.2

Dec 2007

2005=100

monthly

Jan 2003 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Ukraine

77.3

Aug 2017

76.7

Jul 2017

45.0

Apr 1993

234.2

Apr 1994

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1992 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Morocco

95.7

Aug 2017

95.8

Jul 2017

90.7

Sep 1990

113.4

Oct 2000

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1988 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Nigeria

124.5

Aug 2017

123.0

Jul 2017

51.7

Mar 1992

718.3

Sep 1984

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Saudi Arabia

122.9

Sep 2017

124.0

Aug 2017

92.2

Mar 2008

132.6

Jan 1998

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
South Africa

87.1

Jul 2017

89.1

Jun 2017

63.9

Dec 2001

143.5

Aug 1983

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1970 - Jul 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Tunisia

79.8

Aug 2017

79.6

Jul 2017

79.6

Jul 2017

258.1

Jun 1975

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1975 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
United Arab Emirates

122.5

Sep 2017

123.0

Aug 2017

79.2

Apr 1995

131.6

Jan 2017

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1994 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Ivory Coast

101.0

Aug 2017

100.8

Jul 2017

66.5

Jan 1994

137.0

Dec 1979

2005=100

monthly

Dec 1979 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
European Union

90.6

Sep 2017

90.7

Aug 2017

41.3

Sep 1980

110.5

Jan 1993

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1980 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Iran

159.2

Aug 2017

158.1

Jul 2017

67.7

Aug 1992

515.1

Mar 1985

2005=100

monthly

Jan 1973 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Kosovo

104.9

Jul 2017

104.6

Jun 2017

97.2

Jul 2007

108.4

Mar 2008

Jan2007=100

monthly

Dec 2006 - Jul 2017

Updated on Aug 2017

More Indicators for European Union

Indicator Last Previous Min Max Unit Frequency Range
Government Debt: % of GDP

83.2

2016

84.5

2015

57.5

2007

86.5

2014

%

yearly

1996 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Business Confidence: Net Balance

6.7

Sep 2017

5.4

Aug 2017

-38.3

Mar 2009

7.3

Jun 2007

% Point

monthly

Jan 1985 - Sep 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Foreign Direct Investment

-213,864.7

Jul 2017

1,868.1

Jun 2017

-213,864.7

Jul 2017

227,343.1

Oct 2013

USD mn

monthly

Apr 1999 - Jul 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Total Imports Growth

4.0

Aug 2017

6.1

Jul 2017

-30.5

Jul 2009

35.9

Jun 2010

%

monthly

Jan 2003 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Money Supply M2

13,092,176.69

Aug 2017

12,680,329.63

Jul 2017

3,600,836.38

Oct 2000

13,092,176.69

Aug 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Real GDP Growth

2.4

Jun 2017

2.1

Mar 2017

-5.4

Mar 2009

4.6

Jun 2000

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Labour Productivity Growth

1.22

Mar 2017

0.51

Dec 2016

-4.56

Mar 2009

4.18

Jun 2010

%

quarterly

Mar 2002 - Mar 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Domestic Credit Growth

-1.5

Jul 2017

-1.2

Jun 2017

-6.2

Dec 2013

15.0

Oct 2007

%

monthly

Sep 1998 - Jul 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Market Capitalization: % of GDP

64.7

2016

65.2

2015

7.7

1981

84.1

2000

%

yearly

1975 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Total Imports

179,921.7

Aug 2017

174,001.4

Jul 2017

67,569.7

Jan 2002

223,558.3

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2002 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
CPI: Food and Non Alcoholic Beverage Change

1.69

Aug 2017

1.73

Jul 2017

-1.04

Jun 2014

7.95

Jul 2008

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Public Consumption: % of GDP

20.1

Jun 2017

20.1

Mar 2017

18.4

Sep 1998

22.6

Dec 2009

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Retail Sales Growth

2.6

Jul 2017

3.4

Jun 2017

-3.6

Feb 2009

4.8

Sep 2000

%

monthly

Jan 2000 - Jul 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Domestic Credit

21,238,507.2

Jul 2017

20,705,747.2

Jun 2017

7,301,048.7

Oct 2000

26,340,415.0

Aug 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Jul 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Non Performing Loans Ratio

4.8

2016

5.5

2015

1.8

2006

9.6

1997

%

yearly

1997 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Visitor Arrivals

351,200,000

2015

335,866,000

2014

196,847,000

1995

351,200,000

2015

Person

yearly

1995 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Core CPI Change

1.54

Aug 2017

1.49

Jul 2017

0.65

Apr 2015

2.95

Aug 2008

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Population

511.8

2016

510.3

2015

374.4

1950

511.8

2016

Person mn

yearly

1950 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Household Debt: % of GDP

50.2

2016

50.5

2015

39.3

1997

54.5

2010

%

yearly

1997 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Short Term Interest Rate

-0.33

Sep 2017

-0.33

Aug 2017

-0.33

Jun 2017

5.28

Sep 2008

% pa

monthly

Dec 1998 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
GDP Deflator Growth

-0.1

Jun 2017

-0.7

Mar 2017

-2.2

Mar 2009

4.0

Jun 1996

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Unemployment Rate

7.60

Aug 2017

7.70

Jul 2017

6.80

Apr 2008

11.00

Apr 2013

%

monthly

Jan 2000 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Direct Investment Abroad

14,983.0

Aug 2017

-204,514.7

Jul 2017

-204,514.7

Jul 2017

224,998.3

Oct 2013

USD mn

monthly

Apr 1999 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Long Term Interest Rate

1.11

Sep 2017

1.04

Aug 2017

0.61

Aug 2016

15.44

Sep 1981

% pa

monthly

Jan 1970 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Total Exports

181,130.7

Aug 2017

178,736.7

Jul 2017

63,552.6

Feb 2002

197,116.1

May 2013

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2002 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Consumer Confidence: Net Balance

-1.6

Sep 2017

-2.3

Aug 2017

-32.6

Mar 2009

1.5

Aug 2000

% Point

monthly

Jan 1985 - Sep 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
External Debt: % of GDP

127.7

2016

127.8

2015

111.8

2009

127.8

2015

%

yearly

2008 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Producer Price Index Growth

2.5

Aug 2017

2.2

Jul 2017

-6.6

Jul 2009

8.3

Jul 2008

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Trade Balance

1,209.1

Aug 2017

4,735.3

Jul 2017

-48,907.6

Jul 2008

17,191.8

May 2013

USD mn

monthly

Jan 2002 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Tax Revenue

4,335,917.16

2016

4,311,210.01

2015

2,309,780.13

2001

4,894,232.76

2014

USD mn

yearly

2001 - 2016

Updated on 2017
House Prices Growth

4.4

Jun 2017

4.3

Mar 2017

-6.0

Jun 2009

10.2

Dec 2006

%

quarterly

Mar 2006 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Consumer Confidence Growth

4.8

Sep 2017

5.5

Aug 2017

-21.7

Dec 2008

18.0

Mar 2010

% Point

monthly

Jan 1986 - Sep 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Exchange Rate against USD

0.839

Sep 2017

0.847

Aug 2017

0.635

Jul 2008

1.173

Oct 2000

EUR/USD

monthly

Jan 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves

266,061.4

Sep 2017

256,566.5

Aug 2017

163,897.1

Mar 2006

266,061.4

Sep 2017

USD mn

monthly

Dec 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Visitor Arrivals Growth

4.6

2015

4.6

2014

-4.5

2009

7.5

1997

%

yearly

1996 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Consolidated Fiscal Balance: % of GDP

-1.7

2016

-2.4

2015

-6.6

2009

0.6

2000

%

yearly

1997 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Consumer Price Index CPI Growth

1.8

Sep 2017

1.7

Aug 2017

-0.5

Jan 2015

4.4

Jul 2008

%

monthly

Jan 1997 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
External Debt

15,270,173.4

Jun 2017

15,180,748.3

Mar 2017

14,113,961.9

Mar 2009

16,549,657.8

Sep 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2008 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Gross National Product

16,369,458.65

2016

16,267,471.01

2015

871,373.90

1970

19,062,804.59

2008

USD mn

yearly

1970 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Gross Savings Rate

24.1

Jun 2017

23.7

Mar 2017

20.5

Jun 2009

24.2

Mar 2007

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Labour Force Participation Rate

57.3

2016

57.4

2015

56.3

2002

57.5

1991

%

yearly

1990 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Current Account Balance: % of GDP

0.7

Jun 2017

1.0

Mar 2017

-2.5

Jun 2008

1.9

Dec 2016

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
M2 Growth

5.1

Apr/2017

5.1

Mar/2017

1.3

Apr/2010

11.8

Oct/2007

%

monthly

Jan/1981 - Apr/2017

Updated on May/2017
Reserve Requirement Ratio

1.0

Sep 2017

1.0

Aug 2017

1.0

Sep 2017

2.0

Dec 2011

%

monthly

Jan 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Private Consumption Expenditure

2,335,257.10

Jun 2017

2,245,926.78

Mar 2017

1,239,879.65

Dec 2000

2,904,246.21

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Investment: % of GDP

20.3

Jun 2017

20.6

Mar 2017

18.9

Mar 2013

23.5

Mar 2007

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Business Confidence Growth

8.9

Sep 2017

9.5

Aug 2017

-39.9

Mar 2009

29.8

Mar 2010

% Point

monthly

Jan 1986 - Sep 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Foreign Direct Investment: % of GDP

2.5

Jun 2017

7.4

Mar 2017

-1.1

Dec 2008

14.2

Mar 2000

%

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Policy Rate

0.00

Sep 2017

0.00

Aug 2017

0.00

Sep 2017

4.75

Apr 2001

% pa

monthly

Jan 1999 - Sep 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Gross Fixed Capital Formation

843,958.97

Jun 2017

800,774.22

Mar 2017

466,608.30

Dec 2000

1,160,431.51

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Industrial Production Index Growth

3.8

Aug 2017

3.4

Jul 2017

-19.5

Apr 2009

8.3

May 2010

%

monthly

Jan 1992 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Tourism Revenue

312,460

2015

361,154

2014

162,560

1997

361,154

2014

USD mn

yearly

1995 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Employed Persons

221,441,000.00

Jun 2017

218,321,000.00

Mar 2017

198,878,000.00

Mar 2001

221,441,000.00

Jun 2017

Person

quarterly

Mar 2001 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
GDP per Capita

32,219.09

2016

32,167.24

2015

18,239.72

2000

38,242.28

2008

USD

yearly

1999 - 2016

Updated on 2017
Private Consumption: % of GDP

55.8

Jun 2017

56.3

Mar 2017

55.5

Dec 2016

58.8

Sep 2001

%

quarterly

Mar 1995 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Total Deposits

13,651,865.01

Aug 2017

13,280,579.74

Jul 2017

4,273,389.83

Oct 2000

15,011,548.18

Aug 2011

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
National Government Debt

13,334,294.1

Mar 2017

13,360,110.3

Dec 2016

5,033,988.6

Dec 2000

16,472,706.6

Jun 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 2000 - Mar 2017

Updated on Jul 2017
Nominal GDP

4,181,428.6

Jun 2017

4,008,893.3

Mar 2017

2,135,542.6

Dec 2000

5,131,364.5

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Current Account Balance

30,819.1

Jun 2017

40,283.6

Mar 2017

-129,867.4

Jun 2008

83,109.6

Dec 2014

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Jun 2017

Updated on Aug 2017
Electricity Production

291,383

Dec 2016

277,820

Nov 2016

229,710

Aug 2013

311,887

Dec 2010

GWh

monthly

Oct 2008 - Dec 2016

Updated on May 2017
Household Debt

6,504,928.6

Aug 2017

6,329,044.6

Jul 2017

2,512,031.1

Oct 2000

7,716,455.6

Jul 2008

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves: Months of Import

1.4

Aug 2017

1.4

Jul 2017

1.0

Jul 2008

3.4

Apr 2000

NA

monthly

Dec 1999 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Foreign Portfolio Investment

122,154.51

Jun 2017

69,932.24

Mar 2017

-123,106.23

Dec 2008

363,204.83

Mar 2015

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Total Exports Growth

6.4

Aug 2017

10.3

Jul 2017

-20.5

Jan 2009

33.2

Jan 2011

%

monthly

Jan 2003 - Aug 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Tourism Revenue Growth

-13.5

2015

2.9

2014

-13.5

2015

17.2

2003

%

yearly

1996 - 2015

Updated on 2017
Nominal GDP Growth

2.22

Jun 2017

1.41

Mar 2017

-7.45

Mar 2009

8.02

Jun 2000

%

quarterly

Mar 1996 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017
Public Consumption Expenditure

845,735.95

Jun 2017

813,967.98

Mar 2017

406,190.21

Dec 2000

1,028,224.29

Jun 2008

USD mn

quarterly

Mar 1999 - Jun 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Money Supply M1

9,015,310.72

Aug 2017

8,707,511.33

Jul 2017

1,722,362.86

Oct 2000

9,015,310.72

Aug 2017

USD mn

monthly

Jan 1999 - Aug 2017

Updated on Sep 2017
Foreign Exchange Reserves: % of GDP

1.52

Jun 2017

1.64

Mar 2017

1.05

Jun 2008

2.70

Sep 2000

%

quarterly

Dec 1999 - Jun 2017

Updated on Oct 2017